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    Chemically characterized Mentha cardiaca L. essential oil as plant based preservative in view of efficacy against biodeteriorating fungi of dry fruits, aflatoxin secretion, lipid peroxidation and safety profile assessment.
    Food Chem Toxicol 2017 Aug 24;106(Pt A):175-184. Epub 2017 May 24.
    Laboratory of Herbal Pesticides, Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, U.P., India. Electronic address:
    The study reports Mentha cardiaca essential oil (EO) as plant based preservative against fungal and aflatoxin contamination of stored dry fruits. Mycoflora analysis of the dry fruits revealed Aspergillus favus LHP-PV-1 as the most aflatoxigenic isolate with highest Aflatoxin B1 content. M. Read More

    Tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton rubrum mimicking favus.
    Cutis 2016 Dec;98(6):389-391
    Departments of Dermatology and Pathology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.
    Favus is an uncommon form of tinea capitis (TC) currently seen in geographic areas with poor sanitation and limited access to health care such as emerging nations. Several variants of this condition have been described including one exhibiting a plaque composed of parchmentlike material. The makeup of this plaque has not been described. Read More

    In Vitro Antifungal Susceptibility Profiles of 12 Antifungal Drugs against 55 Trichophyton schoenleinii Isolates from Tinea Capitis Favosa Patients in Iran, Turkey, and China.
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2017 Feb 24;61(2). Epub 2017 Jan 24.
    Invasive Fungi Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
    Trichophyton schoenleinii is an anthropophilic dermatophyte mainly causing tinea favosa of the scalp in certain regions of the world, especially Africa and Asia. We investigated the in vitro susceptibilities of 55 T. schoenleinii isolates collected over the last 30 years from Iran, Turkey, and China to 12 antifungals using the CLSI broth microdilution method. Read More


    1-Alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 alters the pharmacokinetics of mycophenolic acid in renal transplant recipients by regulating two extrahepatic UDP-glucuronosyltransferases 1A8 and 1A10.
    Transl Res 2016 Dec 19;178:54-62.e6. Epub 2016 Jul 19.
    Department of General Surgery, Shanghai First People's Hospital, Medical College, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, P. R. China. Electronic address:
    Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is an important immunosuppressant broadly used in renal transplantation. However, the large inter-patient variability in mycophenolic acid (MPA) pharmacokinetics (PK) limits its use. We hypothesize that extrahepatic metabolism of MPA may have significant impact on MPA PK variability. Read More

    Leprosy in the Bible.
    Clin Dermatol 2016 Jan-Feb;34(1):3-7. Epub 2015 Nov 17.
    Domestic and Specialized Medicine Centre "Dilmed", ul. Bohaterów Monte Cassino 3, 40-231 Katowice, Poland. Electronic address:
    For many years, the biblical term tzaraat has referred to leprosy. In fact, the disease or diseases described under this name have no relationship to leprosy, as it was known in the Middle Ages or today; moreover, the term referred not only to skin disease, but also to the state of the ritual impurity and punishment for the sins. Although the real nature of tzaraat remains unknown, the differential diagnosis might include the following: Psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, favus, dermatophyte infections, nummular dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, crusted scabies, syphilis, impetigo, sycosis barbae, alopecia areata, furuncles, scabies, neurodermatitis, scarlet fever, lupus erythematosus, lichen sclerosus et atrophicus, folliculitis decalvans, morphea, sarcoidosis, and lichen planopilaris. Read More

    [A recurrent case of adult favus successfully treated with terbinafine].
    Mikrobiyol Bul 2015 Oct;49(4):619-24
    Çukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology, Division of Mycology, Adana, Turkey.
    Favus or tinea capitis favosa, is a chronic inflammatory dermatophytosis of the scalp. The disease is particularly common in children aged 6 to 10 years, more often in boys, and it also occurs in adults. Human-to-human transmission is therefore possible. Read More

    The complete mitochondrial genome of Mastacembelus aculeatus (Cypriniformes, Mastacembelidae) from the Pearl River, China.
    Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal 2016 Nov 7;27(6):4566-4567. Epub 2015 Dec 7.
    a Animal Science College, South China Agricultural University , Guangzhou , China and.
    In this paper, the complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence of Mastacembelus aculeatus was determined. The mitochondrial genome is 16 543 bp in length, including 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs), 22 transfer RNAs (tRNAs), and a non-coding control region as those found in other vertebrates, with the gene identical to that of typical vertebrates. The overall base composition of the heavy strand is 30. Read More

    Managing Osteoporosis in Patients on Long-Term Bisphosphonate Treatment: Report of a Task Force of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
    J Bone Miner Res 2016 Jan;31(1):16-35
    The Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Bisphosphonates (BPs) are the most commonly used medications for osteoporosis. This ASBMR report provides guidance on BP therapy duration with a risk-benefit perspective. Two trials provided evidence for long-term BP use. Read More

    Use of UHPLC high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometry to investigate the genes involved in the production of secondary metabolites in Aspergillus flavus.
    Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 2015 17;32(10):1656-73. Epub 2015 Aug 17.
    a Laboratory of Food Analysis, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Ghent University , Ghent , Belgium.
    The fungus Aspergillus flavus is known for its ability to produce the toxic and carcinogenic aflatoxins in food and feed. While aflatoxins are of most concern, A. flavus is predicted to be capable of producing many more metabolites based on a study of its complete genome sequence. Read More

    TERT Polymorphism rs2736100-C Is Associated with EGFR Mutation-Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
    Clin Cancer Res 2015 Nov 6;21(22):5173-5180. Epub 2015 Jul 6.
    Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.
    Purpose: EGF receptor (EGFR) mutation-positive (EGFRmut(+)) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be a unique orphan disease. Previous studies suggested that the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene polymorphism is associated with demographic and clinical features strongly associated with EGFR mutations, for example, adenocarcinoma histology, never-smoking history, and female gender. We aim to test the association between TERT polymorphism and EGFRmut(+) NSCLC. Read More

    Evolution of tinea capitis in the Nanchang area, Southern China: a 50-year survey (1965-2014).
    Mycoses 2015 May 10;58(5):261-6. Epub 2015 Mar 10.
    Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Skin Diseases and STIs, Nanjing, China; Dermatology Hospital of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang, China.
    Tinea capitis remains a common public health problem worldwide especially in developing areas. Aetiologic agents and clinical pattern vary with geography and history of socioeconomic conditions. Three community surveys and a prospective study were carried out over the past 50 years (1965-2014) in the Qingyunpu District of Nanchang, Southern China. Read More

    Generalized favus: the story of a legendary case of tinea favosa.
    Actas Dermosifiliogr 2015 Jun 9;106(5):383-6. Epub 2015 Jan 9.
    Médico Adjunto, Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Sureste, Arganda del Rey, Madrid, España.
    From the moment the Olavide Museum opened its doors in 1882 until its content was packed up around 1965 and lost sight of for a time, it underwent a succession of changes. Some of those changes cannot be fully documented now because the archives of the Provincial Council (Diputación) of Madrid were lost during the Spanish Civil War. The museum was initially housed in Hospital de San Juan de Dios, in the neighborhood of Atocha. Read More

    The presence of biomarker enzymes of selected Scleractinian corals of Palk Bay, southeast coast of India.
    Biomed Res Int 2014 18;2014:684874. Epub 2014 Aug 18.
    Department of Marine and Coastal Studies, Madurai Kamaraj University, Tamilnadu 623526, India.
    The health and existence of coral reefs are in danger by an increasing range of environmental and anthropogenic impacts. The causes of coral reef decline include worldwide climate change, shoreline development, habitat destruction, pollution, sedimentation and overexploitation. These disasters have contributed to an estimated loss of 27% of the reefs. Read More

    Clinical types of tinea capitis and species identification in children: an experience from tertiary care centres of Karachi, Pakistan.
    J Pak Med Assoc 2014 Mar;64(3):304-8
    Objective: To study the clinical types of Tinea Capitis and identify species in children reporting to two tertiary care centres of Karachi, Pakistan.

    Methods: The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Dermatology Outpatients' Department, PNS Shifa Hospital and the Institute of Skin Diseases, Karachi, from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2009. It comprised 202 children with clinical diagnosis of tinea capitis, confirmed by skin scrapings, showing fungal hyphae and spores in 10% potassium hydroxide on direct microscopy. Read More

    [Epidemiology of Tinea capitis in the suburbs of Tipasa, Algeria].
    J Mycol Med 2014 Jun 17;24(2):141-3. Epub 2014 Apr 17.
    Établissement public hospitalier Hadjout, Tipasa, Algérie.
    Unlabelled: Tinea capitis represent a public health problem in Algeria, despite improvement of living conditions. We conducted a retrospective study of cases diagnosed in the hospital Hadjout (Tipasa), Algeria, during 3 years (January 2010-January 2013).

    Result: Among a total of 213 hair samples, 133 were positive (direct examination or culture). Read More

    Cat favus caused by Microsporum incurvatum comb. nov.: the clinical and histopathological features and molecular phylogeny.
    Med Mycol 2014 Apr 6;52(3):276-84. Epub 2014 Mar 6.
    Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Favus is a distinctive form of infection that is caused by exclusively dermatophytes. Its clinical presentation is characterized by scutula, which are concave, thick fungal crusts. The best-known examples of human scalp favus are caused by Trichophyton schoenleinii and those of mouse favus are caused by T. Read More

    The clinical diagnosis of osteoporosis: a position statement from the National Bone Health Alliance Working Group.
    Osteoporos Int 2014 May 28;25(5):1439-43. Epub 2014 Feb 28.
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA,
    Unlabelled: Osteoporosis causes an elevated fracture risk. We propose the continued use of T-scores as one means for diagnosis but recommend that, alternatively, hip fracture; osteopenia-associated vertebral, proximal humerus, pelvis, or some wrist fractures; or FRAX scores with ≥3% (hip) or 20% (major) 10-year fracture risk also confer an osteoporosis diagnosis.

    Introduction: Osteoporosis is a common disorder of reduced bone strength that predisposes to an increased risk for fractures in older individuals. Read More

    Tinea capitis favosa misdiagnosed as tinea amiantacea.
    Med Mycol Case Rep 2012 Dec 28;2:29-31. Epub 2012 Dec 28.
    Clinical dispensary of Mellassine, 4048 street, Tunis 1007, Tunisia.
    Introduction: Favus of the scalp or tinea capitis favosa is a chronic dermatophyte infection of the scalp. In almost cases, favus is caused by Trichophyton schoenleinii, anthropophilic dermatophyte. It is characterized by the presence of scutula and severe alopecia. Read More

    Robert Remak (1815-1865): discoverer of the fungal character of dermatophytoses.
    Clin Dermatol 2013 Nov-Dec;31(6):802-5
    Robert Remak was the first scientist to undertake successful research on fungal skin infections. A neurologist, physiologist, and embryologist, Remak was the first to observe the fungal changes causing the disease of favus; however, he gave credit for the discovery to Professor Johann Schönlein and denied all attempts by others to credit him with the discovery by calling them a mistake. He named the disease Achorion schönleinii; however, over time, the name was changed to Trichophyton schoenleinii. Read More

    Tinea infection with scutula-like lesions caused by Microsporum gypseum in a SLE patient: case report and literature review.
    Mycopathologia 2013 Oct 4;176(3-4):255-8. Epub 2013 Aug 4.
    Jinling Hospital, Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Southern Medical University (Guangzhou), 305 E Zhongshan Road, Nanjing, 210002, Jiangsu Province, China.
    Scutula are characteristic lesions of tinea favosa or favus; the most frequently identified causative organism is Trichophyton schoenleinii. Although scutula-like lesions were described in Microsporum gypseum infection, their presence on glabrous skin in a patient with SLE has not been reported previously. We report a case of tinea infection with scutula-like lesions caused by Microsporum gypseum in a SLE patient, who was treated with topical terbinafine cream, and the lesions resolved completely. Read More

    Characterization of the effect of chronic administration of a calcium-sensing receptor antagonist, ronacaleret, on renal calcium excretion and serum calcium in postmenopausal women.
    Bone 2013 Sep 10;56(1):154-62. Epub 2013 Jun 10.
    GlaxoSmithKline, King of Prussia, PA 19406, USA.
    Ronacaleret is an orally-active calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) antagonist that has the potential for therapeutic utility in the stimulation of PTH release, notably as a bone anabolic agent comparable to recombinant human PTH(1-34) (rhPTH(1-34)). A recent study has shown that, despite the ability to increase circulating PTH levels in postmenopausal women in a dose-dependent manner, minimal effects of ronacaleret on bone mineral density have been observed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to characterize the PTH profile as well as calcium metabolism parameters as a marker of PTH biological activity following the administration of ronacaleret or rhPTH(1-34). Read More

    Botany, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and potential application of Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb.et Zucc.: a review.
    J Ethnopharmacol 2013 Jul 22;148(3):729-45. Epub 2013 May 22.
    Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, PR China.
    Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc. (Polygonum cuspidatum), also known as Reynoutria japonica Houtt and Huzhang in China, is a traditional and popular Chinese medicinal herb. Read More

    Human pathogenic fungus Trichophyton schoenleinii activates the NLRP3 inflammasome.
    Protein Cell 2013 Jul 18;4(7):529-38. Epub 2013 May 18.
    College of Life Science, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China.
    The fungus Trichophyton schoenleinii (T. schoenleinii) is the causative agent of Trichophytosis and Tinea favosa of the scalp in certain regions of Eurasia and Africa. Human innate immune system plays an important role in combating with various pathogens including fungi. Read More

    Epigenetic regulation of BMP2 by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 through DNA methylation and histone modification.
    PLoS One 2013 19;8(4):e61423. Epub 2013 Apr 19.
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, PR China.
    Genetic hypercalciuric stone-forming (GHS) rats have increased intestinal Ca absorption, decreased renal tubule Ca reabsorption and low bone mass, all of which are mediated at least in part by elevated tissue levels of the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Both 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) are critical for normal maintenance of bone metabolism and bone formation, respectively. The complex nature of bone cell regulation suggests a potential interaction of these two important regulators in GHS rats. Read More

    Species-specific responses of corals to bleaching events on anthropogenically turbid reefs on Okinawa Island, Japan, over a 15-year period (1995-2009).
    PLoS One 2013 2;8(4):e60952. Epub 2013 Apr 2.
    Center for Environmental Biology and Ecosystem Studies, National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), 16-2 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
    Coral bleaching, triggered by elevated sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) has caused a decline in coral cover and changes in the abundances of corals on reefs worldwide. Coral decline can be exacerbated by the effects of local stressors like turbidity, yet some reefs with a natural history of turbidity can support healthy and resilient coral communities. However, little is known about responses of coral communities to bleaching events on anthropogenically turbid reefs as a result of recent (post World War II) terrestrial runoff. Read More

    [Tinea capitis in the University Hospital of Constantine (Algeria)].
    J Mycol Med 2012 Dec 23;22(4):354-6. Epub 2012 Oct 23.
    Laboratoire de parasitologie et de mycologie, CHU Dr Benbadis, 25000 Constantine, Algérie.
    Although benign, tinea capitis are a public health problem and a frequent complaint in children. In Algeria, these disorders have long been known; their high frequency was related to unfavorable social conditions of people both in cities than in rural areas. Our aim is the study of tinea capitis diagnosed in the laboratory of Parasitology and Mycology of the University Hospital of Constantine through a retrospective review of 15 consecutive years from 1997 to 2011. Read More

    Increased biological response to 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) in genetic hypercalciuric stone-forming rats.
    Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2013 Mar 23;304(6):F718-26. Epub 2013 Jan 23.
    Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.
    Genetic hypercalciuric stone-forming (GHS) rats, bred to maximize urine (U) calcium (Ca) excretion, have increased intestinal Ca absorption and bone Ca resorption and reduced renal Ca reabsorption, leading to increased UCa compared with the Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. GHS rats have increased vitamin D receptors (VDR) at each of these sites, with normal levels of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) (1,25D), indicating that their VDR is undersaturated with 1,25D. We tested the hypothesis that 1,25D would induce a greater increase in UCa in GHS rats by feeding both strains ample Ca and injecting 1,25D (25 ng · 100 g body wt(-1) · day(-1)) or vehicle for 16 days. Read More

    Pitfall scarring alopecia: favus closely mimicking lichen planus.
    Mycoses 2013 May 8;56(3):382-4. Epub 2013 Jan 8.
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.
    We describe a woman presenting primarily with slowly progressing scarring alopecia. Course, symptoms, and clinical picture were highly suggestive for lichen planus. But mycological investigations revealed that cicatricial alopecia was caused by a specific infection with Trichophyton schoenleinii running a chronic course with minimal skin inflammation. Read More

    Molecular phylogeny of the Robust clade (Faviidae, Mussidae, Merulinidae, and Pectiniidae): an Indian Ocean perspective.
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 2012 Oct 15;65(1):183-93. Epub 2012 Jun 15.
    Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.
    Recent phylogenetic analyses have demonstrated the limits of traditional coral taxonomy based solely on skeletal morphology. In this phylogenetic context, Faviidae and Mussidae are ecologically dominant families comprising one third of scleractinian reef coral genera, but their phylogenies remain partially unresolved. Many of their taxa are scattered throughout most of the clades of the Robust group, and major systematic incongruences exist. Read More

    The taxonomic status of Trichophyton quinckeanum and T. interdigitale revisited: a multigene phylogenetic approach.
    Med Mycol 2012 Nov 15;50(8):871-82. Epub 2012 May 15.
    Scientific Institute of Public Health, Section of Mycology & Aerobiology, Brussels, Belgium.
    Trichophyton quinckeanum, known as the causative agent of mouse favus, has been a subject of controversy since its discovery, 125 years ago. The purpose of this study was to examine the phylogenetic relationships between this fungus and related taxa. To achieve this objective, the ITS rDNA region, as well as actin and β-tubulin gene regions of various isolates were sequenced. Read More

    Diversity of bacterial communities associated with the Indian Ocean sponge Tsitsikamma favus that contains the bioactive pyrroloiminoquinones, tsitsikammamine A and B.
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 2012 Dec 5;14(6):681-91. Epub 2012 Feb 5.
    Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Rhodes University, PO Box 94, Grahamstown, South Africa.
    Tsitsikamma favus is a latrunculid sponge endemic to the coast of South Africa that produces unique pyrroloiminoquinones known as tsitsikammamines. Wakayin and makaluvamine A are structurally similar to the tsitsikammamines and are the only pyrroloiminoquinones isolated from a source other than Porifera (namely a Fijian ascidian Clavelina sp. and a laboratory culture of the myxomycete Didymium bahiense, respectively). Read More

    [Mycological and epidemiological aspects of tinea capitis in the Sousse region of Tunisia].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2011 Aug-Sep;138(8-9):557-63. Epub 2011 May 13.
    Laboratoire de parasitologie-mycologie, hôpital Farhat Hached, 4000 Sousse, Tunisie.
    Aim: Tinea capitis continues to be considered a public health problem in Tunisia. The purpose of our study was to investigate trends in the incidence and the mycological and epidemiological aspects of tinea capitis in the Sousse region (Central Tunisia).

    Method: Our work is a retrospective study concerning all scalp samples taken by the parasitology laboratory of the Farhat Hached Hospital in Sousse, Tunisia, over a 26-year period (1983-2008). Read More

    [Epidemiology of tinea capitis in outpatients at the Children's Hospital in Rabat (Morocco)].
    J Mycol Med 2011 Mar 28;21(1):1-5. Epub 2010 Dec 28.
    Professeurs de parasitologie et de mycologie médicale, CHU Ibn-Sina, Rabat, Maroc.
    Objective: The aims of this report on results of a retrospective study were to identify the incidence of this pathology among outpatients at the Children's Hospital in Rabat, Morocco, the species involved, their respective prevalence, and the influence of the age and sex of the patient.

    Patients And Methods: Between 1993 and 2007, a mycological examination was performed on 2962 patients in the dermatology service of Ibn Sina University Health Center in Rabat. Mean patient age was 35 (ages ranged from three months to 70 years). Read More

    Bone health issues in sarcoidosis.
    Curr Rheumatol Rep 2011 Jun;13(3):265-72
    Sections of Rheumatology and Pulmonary Medicine, University of Chicago Medical Center, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC0930, Room N005B, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
    Sarcoidosis affects the bone directly in only a minority of patients. Nonetheless, bone health should be considered in the management of all patients with sarcoidosis. Deficiency in vitamin D, an important contributor to bone health, has been linked to autoimmune disease incidence. Read More

    Ethanol extract of Fructus Ligustri Lucidi increases circulating 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 by inducing renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1α hydroxylase activity.
    Menopause 2010 Nov-Dec;17(6):1174-81
    Institute of Molecular Technology for Drug Discovery and Synthesis, Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
    Objective: The present study was designed to determine whether Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL) ethanol extract can directly regulate vitamin D metabolism both in vivo and in vitro.

    Methods: Eleven-month-old, aged Sprague-Dawley sham-operated and ovariectomized (OVX) female rats were fed a normal-calcium (Ca) diet (0.6% Ca, 0. Read More

    A novel method for coral explant culture and micropropagation.
    Mar Biotechnol (NY) 2011 Jun 11;13(3):423-32. Epub 2010 Aug 11.
    Department of Zoology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    We describe here a method for the micropropagation of coral that creates progeny from tissue explants derived from a single polyp or colonial corals. Coral tissue explants of various sizes (0.5-2. Read More

    Inflammatory tinea capitis: kerion, dermatophytic granuloma, and mycetoma.
    Clin Dermatol 2010 Mar;28(2):133-6
    Instituto Dermatológico y Cirugía de Piel "Dr. Huberto Bogaert Díaz," Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
    Inflammatory tinea capitis is the result of a hypersensitivity reaction to a dermatophytic infection. The usual forms are favus, kerion celsi, dermatophytic Majocchi granuloma, and mycetoma. Inflammatory tinea capitis can be caused by Microsporum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, T tonsurans, T rubrum, and M gypseum. Read More

    Historical aspects of dermatomycoses.
    Clin Dermatol 2010 Mar;28(2):125-32
    Microbiology and Parasitology Department, Universidad de Buenos Aires and the Hospital de Infecciosas Francisco Javier Muñiz, Juncal 3474, 4(a) piso C, Buenos Aires, CP 1425, Argentina.
    Physicians have been aware of superficial fungal infections for centuries, but the causal agents and treatments of fungal infections remained unknown until the mid-1800s, when numerous important findings were reported. Among the relevant researchers in the field of superficial mycoses were Remak, who found the fungal nature of favus in 1837; Berg, who reported oral candidosis in 1841; and Wilkinson, who described vaginal candidosis in 1849. Tinea versicolor was described clinically in 1846 by Eichstedt, and its etiologic agent was identified in 1853. Read More

    [Dermatophytosis: a summary of dermatomycosis as a proposal for future revision of the guidelines].
    Nihon Ishinkin Gakkai Zasshi 2009 ;50(4):199-205
    Department of Dermatology, Juntendo University.
    In preparing guidelines for dermatomycosis (tinea, trichophytia, dermatophytosis), we have primarily summarized the disease types and treatments as described in 4 textbooks used in Japan and abroad. We present our classification draft based on these following descriptions. In Japan, any dermatophytosis other than favus or tinea imbricata is considered to be tinea, while outside Japan, favus and tinea imbricata are also classified as tinea. Read More

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