350,600 results match your criteria Fatty Liver


Seasonal dynamics of biochemical composition and fatty acids of swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the Southeast Pacific Ocean off the coast of Chile.

Mar Environ Res 2021 Jun 9;169:105388. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Centro de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Ambientes Sustentables (CIBAS), Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepción, Chile; Departamento de Ecología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Casilla 297, Concepción, Chile. Electronic address:

In the Southeast Pacific Ocean, Xiphias gladius migrates through the Chilean coastal zone for feeding. Here, it forages for different prey items from autumn to spring, acquiring a great variety of energy and nutritional reserves. We evaluated seasonal variations in the biochemical reserves (i. Read More

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Lipolytic enzymes and free fatty acids at the endothelial interface.

Atherosclerosis 2021 May 28;329:1-8. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Medicine, Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA. Electronic address:

Lipids released from circulating lipoproteins by intravascular action of lipoprotein lipase (LpL) reach parenchymal cells in tissues with a non-fenestrated endothelium by transfer through or around endothelial cells. The actions of LpL are controlled at multiple sites, its synthesis and release by myocytes and adipocytes, its transit and association with the endothelial cell luminal surface, and finally its activation and inhibition by a number of proteins and by its product non-esterified fatty acids. Multiple pathways mediate endothelial transit of lipids into muscle and adipose tissues. Read More

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A rise in Proteobacteria is an indicator of gut-liver axis-mediated nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in high-fructose-fed adult mice.

Nutr Res 2021 May 21;91:26-35. Epub 2021 May 21.

Laboratory of Morphometry, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases, Biomedical Center, Institute of Biology, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:

Current evidence suggests that high fructose intake results in gut dysbiosis, leading to endotoxemia and NAFLD onset. Thus, the hypothesis of the study was that an enhanced Proteobacteria proportion in the cecal microbiota could be the most prominent trigger of NAFLD through enhanced endotoxin (LPS) in adult high-fructose-fed C57BL/6 mice. Male C57BL/6 mice received a control diet (n = 10, C: 76% of energy as carbohydrates, 0% as fructose) or high-fructose diet (n = 10, HFRU: 76% of energy as carbohydrate, 50% as fructose) for 12 weeks. Read More

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Nutrient status and growth in vegan children.

Nutr Res 2021 May 18;91:13-25. Epub 2021 May 18.

Institute of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Vegan diets have risen in popularity over the past 9 years. However, few studies have examined nutrient status and the effect of a vegan diet on the growth of children. This study analysed the existing literature on the health impact and growth impact of selected nutrients in vegan children. Read More

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Alkaline thermal pretreatment of waste activated sludge for enhanced hydrogen production in microbial electrolysis cells.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jun 12;294:113000. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, Beijing Key Lab of Oil & Gas Pollution Control, China University of Petroleum, Beijing, 102249, China; College of Chemical Engineering and Environment, China University of Petroleum, Beijing, 102249, China. Electronic address:

Resource utilization of waste activated sludge (WAS) has become a mainstream development direction. Alkaline thermal pretreatment (TPT) was found to greatly promote the bioaccessibility and biodegradability of the sludge. The organic matter including soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), soluble carbohydrate, soluble protein and volatile fatty acids (VFAs) after low temperature (90 °C) pretreatment was 4. Read More

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Glutamine addiction in virus-infected mammalian cells: A target of the innate immune system?

Med Hypotheses 2021 Jun 2;153:110620. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Life and Health Sciences, University of Nicosia, Nicosia, Cyprus. Electronic address:

Control of core cell metabolism is a key aspect of the evolutionary conflict between viruses and the host's defence mechanisms. From their side, the invading viruses press the accelerator on their host cell's glycolysis, fatty acid, and glutaminolytic metabolic processes among others. It is also well established that activation of innate immune system responses modulates facets of metabolism such as that of polyamine, cholesterol, tryptophan and many more. Read More

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Positional distribution of fatty acids and phospholipid composition in King salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) head, roe and skin using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Food Chem 2021 Jun 5;363:130302. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Food Sciences, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. Electronic address:

This study used a novel extraction method (ETHEX) to extract the lipid content of King salmon head, skin and roe, and determined the lipid profiles using GC-FID, 13C NMR and 31P NMR spectroscopy. On a wet tissue basis, King salmon roe was found to contain the highest amount of phospholipid (26.53 µmol/g) and n-3 fatty acids (43. Read More

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Methodology for altering omega-3 EPA+DHA and omega-6 linoleic acid as controlled variables in a dietary trial.

Clin Nutr 2021 May 12;40(6):3859-3867. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background & Aims: Increasing dietary intake of n-3 EPA+DHA and lowering dietary n-6 LA is under investigation as a therapeutic diet for improving chronic pain syndromes as well as other health outcomes. Herein we describe the diet methodology used to modulate intake of n-3 and n-6 PUFA in a free living migraine headache population and report on nutrient intake, BMI and diet acceptability achieved at week 16 of the intensive diet intervention and week 22 follow-up time-point.

Methods: A total of 178 participants were randomized and began one of three diet interventions: 1) a high n-3 PUFA, average n-6 PUFA (H3) diet targeting 1500 mg EPA+DHA/day and 7% of energy (en%) from n-6 linoleic acid (LA), 2) a high-n-3 PUFA, low-n-6 PUFA (H3L6) targeting 1500 mg EPA+DHA/day and <1. Read More

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Improvement of colonic healing and surgical recovery with perioperative supplementation of inulin and galacto-oligosaccharides.

Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 27;40(6):3842-3851. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Nutrition and Microbiome Laboratory, Institut du Cancer de Montréal, Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CRCHUM), 900 Rue Saint-Denis, Montréal, Québec, H2X 0A9, Canada; Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal, 2900 Boulevard Edouard-Montpetit, Montréal, Québec, H3T 1J4, Canada. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Anastomotic leak (AL) is a major complication in colorectal surgery. Recent evidence suggests that the gut microbiota may affect healing and may cause or prevent AL. Butyrate is a beneficial short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) that is produced as a result of bacterial fermentation of dietary oligosaccharides and has been described as beneficial in the maintenance of colonic health. Read More

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The effect of the a regional cardioprotective nutritional program on inflammatory biomarkers and metabolic risk factors in secondary prevention for cardiovascular disease, a randomised trial.

Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 28;40(6):3828-3835. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: To evaluate the effect of the Brazilian Cardioprotective Diet Program (BALANCE Program) on inflammatory biomarkers, involved in the pathophysiology of the atherosclerosis, on inflammatory biomarkers, cardiovascular risk factors, and on plasma fatty acids in cardiovascular disease secondary prevention patients.

Methods: In this substudy of the BALANCE Program randomized clinical trial, a total of 369 patients aged 45 years or older, who have experienced cardiovascular disease in the previous 10 years, were included. These patients were randomized into two groups and followed up for six months: BALANCE Program group and control group (conventional nutrition advice). Read More

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The effect of oral omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on muscle maintenance and quality of life in patients with cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 27;40(6):3815-3826. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Bond University Nutrition and Dietetics Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia; Dietetics and Foodservices, Mater Health, South Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Mater Research Institute, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background & Aims: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation has been proposed as a potential therapy for cancer-related malnutrition, which affects up to 70% of patients with cancer. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effects of oral omega-3 PUFA supplementation on muscle maintenance, quality of life, body weight and treatment-related toxicities in patients with cancer.

Methods: Randomised controlled trials in patients with cancer aged ≥18 years were retrieved from 5 electronic databases: MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, CENTRAL, CINAHL (via EBSCOhost), and Web of Science, from database inception until 31st of December 2019. Read More

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Short-chain fatty acids combined with intronic DNA methylation of HIF3A: Potential predictors for diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 24;40(6):3708-3717. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, PR China; NHC Key Laboratory of Assisted Circulation (Sun Yat-sen University), Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510080, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Hyperglycemia can induce the heart to enter an oxygen-restricted environment, which results in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). Microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) affect O consumption and play crucial roles in modulating metabolic and cardiovascular health. The epigenetic regulation of the hypoxia-inducible factor 3A (HIF3A) gene is implicated in oxidative metabolism in the pathogenesis of diabetes. Read More

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Cola nitida infusion modulates cardiometabolic activities linked to cardiomyopathy in diabetic rats.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 Jun 12;154:112335. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Biochemistry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban, 4000, South Africa. Electronic address:

This study investigated the therapeutic mechanism of Cola nitida seeds on diabetic cardiomyopathy in hearts of diabetic rats. Type 2 diabetic (T2D) rats were treated with C. nitida infusion at 150 or 300 mg/kg body weight (bw). Read More

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Impact of protocatechuic acid on high fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome sequelae in rats.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Jun 12:174257. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

The study aimed to assess the possible protective impact of protocatechuic acid (PCA) on high fat diet (HFD)-induced metabolic syndrome (Mets) sequelae in rats. Forty-two male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly grouped as follows: CTR group; PCA group; HFD group; HFD-PCA group and HFD-MET group. Rats were fed on standard diet or HFD for 14 weeks. Read More

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Thiazolidinediones and Glucagon-like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists and the Risk of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Cohort Study.

Hepatology 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

CARIM School for Cardiovascular Disease, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are potential pharmacological treatment options for patients at risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Therefore, we examined the association between the risk of NAFLD and the use of thiazolidinediones and GLP-1 receptor agonists compared with the use of sulfonylureas (SUs) and insulins. Additionally, we calculated the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in users of TZDs and GLP-1 receptor agonists. Read More

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Cardiolipin Remodeling Defects Impair Mitochondrial Architecture and Function in a Murine Model of Barth Syndrome Cardiomyopathy.

Circ Heart Fail 2021 Jun 15;14(6):e008289. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Medicine (S.Z., Z.C., M.Z., S.S., C.T., Y.G., A.N., W.F., S.M.E., X.F.), University of California, San Diego, La Jolla.

Background: Cardiomyopathy is a major clinical feature in Barth syndrome (BTHS), an X-linked mitochondrial lipid disorder caused by mutations in (), encoding a mitochondrial acyltransferase required for cardiolipin remodeling. Despite recent description of a mouse model of BTHS cardiomyopathy, an in-depth analysis of specific lipid abnormalities and mitochondrial form and function in an in vivo BTHS cardiomyopathy model is lacking.

Methods: We performed in-depth assessment of cardiac function, cardiolipin species profiles, and mitochondrial structure and function in our newly generated cardiomyocyte-specific knockout mice and Cre-negative control mice (n≥3 per group). Read More

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MAFLD Better Predicts the Progression of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Risk than NAFLD: Generalized Estimating Equation Approach.

Hepatol Res 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan.

Aim: Metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) partly overlaps with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Thus, using a generalized estimating equation (GEE) approach, we aimed to investigate the difference in worsening of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk between patients with MAFLD and NAFLD. We also investigated factors related to the difference between the two groups. Read More

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Dapagliflozin reduces hepatic and visceral fat in type-2 diabetes patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Background/purpose Of The Study: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors have shown excellent results in glucose control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, while also promoting weight loss. These mechanisms may be beneficial in the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Our study aims to investigate the effect of dapagliflozin on hepatic and visceral fat contents, and related biochemical markers in T2DM with NAFLD patients. Read More

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Biochemical Characterization of Acyl-CoA: Lysophosphatidylcholine Acyltransferase (LPCAT) Enzyme from the Seeds of Salvia hispanica.

Mol Biotechnol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Lipid Science, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute (CSIR-CFTRI), Mysore, 570020, India.

Salvia hispanica (chia) is the highest reported terrestrial plant source of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA, ~ 65%), an ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid with numerous health benefits. The molecular basis of high ALA accumulation in chia is yet to be understood. We have identified lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase (LPCAT) gene from the developing seed transcriptome data of chia and carried out its biochemical characterization through heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Read More

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Phocaeicola faecalis sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic bacterial strain adapted to the human gut ecosystem.

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Binhu District, Wuxi, 214122, Jiangsu, China.

A novel strictly anaerobic, Gram-negative bacterium, designated as strain FXJYN30E22, was isolated from the feces of a healthy woman in Yining county, Xinjiang province, China. This strain was non-spore-forming, bile-resistant, non-motile and rod-shaped. It was found to belong to a single separate group in the Phocaeicola genus based on its 16 S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequence. Read More

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The associations of gut microbiota and fecal short-chain fatty acids with bone mass were largely mediated by weight status: a cross-sectional study.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Tropical Disease Research, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Purpose: We aimed to investigate whether the gut microbiota and fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are associated with bone mass in healthy children aged 6-9 years.

Methods: In this study, 236 healthy children including 145 boys and 91 girls were enrolled. 16S rRNA gene sequencing was used to characterize the composition of their gut microbiota. Read More

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Combined exercise and nutrition intervention for spinal sarcopenia: A pilot study protocol.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(24):e26421

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.

Introduction: Spinal sarcopenia is a multifactorial disorder associated with the atrophy of and fatty changes to the paraspinal muscles. We previously developed the concept of spinal sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults and investigated the association between conventional sarcopenic indices and spinal sarcopenia. However, interventional studies of spinal sarcopenia are lacking. Read More

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sp. nov. a novel actinobacterium isolated from the coral .

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2021 Jun;71(6)

Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources of the Ministry of Education of China, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, PR China.

Strain HNM0947, representing a novel actinobacterium, was isolated from the coral collected from the coast of Wenchang, Hainan, China. The strain was found to have morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics consistent with the genus . The organism formed abundant fragmented substrate mycelia and aerial mycelia which differentiated into non-motile, rod-shaped spores. Read More

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Description of sp. nov., based on phylogenomic analysis.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2021 Jun;71(6)

Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Life Sciences, Nalco Square, Bhubaneswar - 751023, India.

A novel strain of a member of the genus strain PS-1, was isolated from the skin of fresh water pufferfish () collected from Mahanadi River, India. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, coccoid and non-motile. The predominant polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phospholipid (PL) and the cell wall sugars were glucose, galactose and ribose. Read More

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CD36 as a target for metabolic modulation therapy in cardiac disease.

Expert Opin Ther Targets 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Genetics & Cell Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences (FHML), Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

: Disturbances in myocardial lipid metabolism are increasingly being recognized as drivers of the development and progression of heart disease. Therefore, there is a need for treatments that can directly target lipid metabolic defects in heart failure. The membrane-associated glycoprotein CD36 plays a pivotal role in governing myocardial lipid metabolism by mediating lipid signaling and facilitating the cellular uptake of long-chain fatty acids. Read More

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Stabilization of fatty acid synthesis enzyme acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 suppresses acute myeloid leukemia development.

J Clin Invest 2021 Jun;131(12)

Cancer cells reprogram lipid metabolism during their malignant progression, but limited information is currently available on the involvement of alterations in fatty acid synthesis in cancer development. We herein demonstrate that acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1), a rate-limiting enzyme for fatty acid synthesis, plays a critical role in regulating the growth and differentiation of leukemia-initiating cells. The Trib1-COP1 complex is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets C/EBPA, a transcription factor regulating myeloid differentiation, for degradation, and its overexpression specifically induces acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Read More

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Eruptive xanthoma model reveals endothelial cells internalize and metabolize chylomicrons, leading to extravascular triglyceride accumulation.

J Clin Invest 2021 Jun;131(12)

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Although tissue uptake of fatty acids from chylomicrons is primarily via lipoprotein lipase (LpL) hydrolysis of triglycerides (TGs), studies of patients with genetic LpL deficiency suggest additional pathways deliver dietary lipids to tissues. Despite an intact endothelial cell (EC) barrier, hyperchylomicronemic patients accumulate chylomicron-derived lipids within skin macrophages, leading to the clinical finding eruptive xanthomas. We explored whether an LpL-independent pathway exists for transfer of circulating lipids across the EC barrier. Read More

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N-3 PUFA as an ergogenic supplement modulating muscle hypertrophy and strength: a systematic review.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jun 15:1-21. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences-INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

There is growing evidence that suggests that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may improve physical performance when combined with proper training through modulation of muscle hypertrophy, muscle strength, and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). This systematic review aims to examine the effect and optimal dosage of n-3 PUFA supplementation on muscle hypertrophy, muscle strength, and DOMS when combined with physical exercise. The PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE Complete, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus databases were searched following the PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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Exacerbation of Background Nuclear Cataracts in Sprague-Dawley Rats in Embryo-Fetal Development Studies With JNJ-42165279, a Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase Inhibitor.

Toxicol Pathol 2021 Jun 15:1926233211010444. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Janssen Research & Development, LLC, San Diego, CA, USA.

Fetal examinations in embryo-fetal developmental (EFD) studies are based on macroscopic and dissecting microscopic evaluations, and histopathology is rarely performed other than to confirm macroscopic findings. Fetal lens examination is therefore generally limited to the presence, size, shape, and color of any abnormality. In a Sprague-Dawley rat EFD study with the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor JNJ-42165279, an unusually high incidence of macroscopic granular foci was noted within the lens of gestation day 21 fetuses across all groups including controls, with higher incidence in the high-dose group. Read More

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Research advances in bioactive components and health benefits of jujube ( Mill.) fruit.

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2021 Jun;22(6):431-449

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

Jujube ( Mill.), a highly nutritious and functional fruit, is reported to have various health benefits and has been extensively planted worldwide, especially in China. Many studies have shown that bioactive components derived from jujube fruit have significant nutritional and potential biological effects. Read More

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