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20,767 results match your criteria Fallopian Tube Disorders


Interstitial Fallopian Tube Polyp.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Center of Reproductive Medicine, Hangzhou Women's Hospital, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

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November 2018

Sectioning and extensively examining the fimbriated end (SEE-FIM) of the fallopian tube in routine practices, is it worth the effort?

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Aim: To determine the prevalence of fallopian tube high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) and to analyze the benefit of the sectioning and extensively examining the fimbriated end (SEE-FIM) protocol.

Methods: Fallopian tubes from 450 patients with risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy, or tumor of the ovary, endometrium, fallopian tube or peritoneum were examined using the SEE-FIM protocol. Microscopic tubal pathology and the number of paraffin blocks used were evaluated. Read More

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December 2018

Lymphopenia after induction chemotherapy correlates with incomplete surgical resection in patients with advanced ovarian cancer.

Int J Clin Oncol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Gynecology, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center, Komagome Hospital, 3-18-22 Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8677, Japan.

Background: Lymphopenia is associated with poor outcomes in patients with various cancers, but little is known about the prognostic impact of lymphopenia in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) after induction chemotherapy (IC). This study investigated the prognostic significance of pre- and post-IC lymphopenia in patients with advanced EOC.

Methods: We reviewed medical records of 68 patients with stage III/IV ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer treated with IC at our institution between 2009 and 2017. Read More

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November 2018

The diagnostic conundrum of chronic ectopic pregnancy: A case report.

Case Rep Womens Health 2018 Oct 9;20:e00086. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Birmingham Cancer Research UK Cancer Centre, Institute of Cancer and Genomic Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK.

Chronic ectopic pregnancy (CEP) is a rare condition caused by implantation of trophoblastic tissue in the fallopian tube, which causes protracted tissue destruction at the site of attachment. The process of minor rupture and bleeding results in chronic inflammation, giving rise to a haematocele which often resembles a pelvic mass. Unlike ectopic pregnancy, the level of serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in patients with CEP is usually low or undetectable as chorionic villi are generally sparse. Read More

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October 2018
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The fallopian tube, "precursor escape" and narrowing the knowledge gap to the origins of high-grade serous carcinoma.

Gynecol Oncol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Pathology, Division of Women's and Perinatal Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, United States of America. Electronic address:

Most ovarian carcinomas are high-grade serous carcinomas (HGSC) that contain TP53 mutations, present at advanced stage, and eventually become resistant to chemotherapy. The rapid evolution of this disease has been attributed to an origin in the distal fallopian tube, in the form of serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas (STICs). This has led to a disease model where malignancy develops first in the tube and spreads to the peritoneum or regional lymph nodes. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Genital Tract Pathology in Female Pet Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus): a Retrospective Study of 655 Post-mortem and 64 Biopsy Cases.

J Comp Pathol 2018 Nov 19;165:13-22. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Institute of Veterinary Pathology, Freie Universität Berlin, Robert-von-Ostertagstrase 15, Germany. Electronic address:

Disorders of the female genital tract are among the most common disorders in pet guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus); however, knowledge of many aspects of these disorders is sparse, especially regarding their incidence and age distribution. Ovarian cysts, as the most common genital tract disorder in guinea pigs, have been investigated in detail; however, information on the nature of these cysts is inconsistent. The present study reviewed genital tract disorders occurring within 655 full post-mortem examinations of intact female pet guinea pigs and 64 female genital tract biopsies examined over a 22. Read More

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November 2018

Primary Angiosarcoma of the Cervix: Case Report of a Rare Lesion.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pathology, Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport (V.I.S., I.W.T.) Department of Pathology, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff (G.L.R.) Department of Musculoskeletal Pathology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (V.P.S.) Department of Pathology, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast (W.G.M.), UK.

Angiosarcomas of the female genital tract are rare and primary angiosarcoma of the cervix is extremely rare with only one prior case report. We report a case of a primary cervical angiosarcoma in a 43-yr-old woman who presented with heavy vaginal bleeding. Cervical biopsy and subsequent radical hysterectomy showed a malignant vascular tumor which was composed of spindled and epithelioid cells and formed abortive vascular channels. Read More

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December 2018

The isolated tubal torsion: an insidious pediatric and adolescent pelvic urgency.

Pediatr Med Chir 2018 Dec 4;40(2). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Pediatric Surgery Unit, Salesi Children Hospital, Ancona.

Isolated tubal torsion (ITT) is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult because of a lack of specific signs. Surgery is recommended to preserve the integrity of the tube. Read More

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December 2018

Undescended ovary and fallopian tube presenting as appendiceal mucocele.

Facts Views Vis Obgyn 2018 Mar;10(1):47-50

Sint-Jozef Kliniek, Department of gynecology and obstetrics, Kasteelstraat 23, 2880 Bornem, Belgium.

Undescended ovary is a rare congenital gynecologic condition, frequently associated with urogenital malformations including unicornuate uterus and ectopic kidneys or renal agenesis. Although ectopic ovaries are mostly found during an infertility work up, its role in infertility is still unknown. We report a 38-year-old patient presenting with pain in the right lower quadrant. Read More

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Intramural florid cystic endosalpingiosis of the uterus after menopause.

Pol J Pathol 2018 ;69(3):321-324

Endosalpingiosis is a benign condition characterized by the presence of tubal epithelium outside the fallopian tube and the absence of endometrial stroma. Florid cystic endosalpingiosis is a very rare form of endosalpingiosis that presents as a tumor-like lesion. We report the case of a 67-year-old woman who presented with a cystic lesion of the uterus. Read More

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January 2018

Transverse testicular ectopia associated with persistent Müllerian duct syndrome treated by transseptal orchiopexy: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13305

Departments of Urology.

Rationale: Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is rare form of male pseudohermaphroditism characterized by the presence of uterus and fallopian tubes with normal external genitalia and secondary sexual characteristics. Transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) is also a rare form of testicular ectopia that may be associated with PMDS.

Patient Concerns: We present a 2-year-old boy who presented with bilateral non-palpable testes with left inguinal mass. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Effect of interventional embolization treatment for hydrosalpinx on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13143

Department of Interventional Radiology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University.

To explore the effect of interventional embolization treatment for hydrosalpinx on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET).During the period from January 2013 to January 2015, a total of 129 patients with unilateral or bilateral hydrosalpinx were treated with IVF-ET and selected for retrospective analysis. Seventy-three patients (intervention group) with unilateral or bilateral hydrosalpinx were treated with fallopian tube embolization, which was followed by IVF-ET. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Case of Internal Hemorrhage, Arising from Rupture of the Fallopian Tube.

Authors:
Thomas Bushell

Lond Med Phys J 1824 Apr;51(302):289-292

Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, and Licentiate of the Society of Apothecaries, London.

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Back to the Future? The Fallopian Tube, Precursor Escape and a Dualistic Model of High-Grade Serous Carcinogenesis.

Cancers (Basel) 2018 Nov 28;10(12). Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Pathology, Division of Women's and Perinatal Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Beginning with the discovery of the -associated ovarian cancer susceptibility genes and subsequent detailed examination of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) specimens, a new paradigm of ovarian carcinogenesis has unfolded with attention to the distal fallopian tube. The primary focus has been an early cancer or neoplasm in the fallopian tube which is seen in virtually all incidentally discovered high-grade serous cancers in asymptomatic women. This high-frequency of tubal involvement in early serous neoplasm (usually in the form of serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma-STIC) has galvanized attention to this organ as a primary source of this disease. Read More

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November 2018

Exposure of the Extracellular Matrix and Colonization of the Ovary in Metastasis of Fallopian Tube Derived Cancer.

Carcinogenesis 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Center for Biomolecular Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.

High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) can originate in the fallopian tube epithelium (FTE), but the role of the ovary in these tumors is unclear. Tumorigenic murine oviductal epithelial (MOE) cells allografted in the ovarian bursa resulted in aggressive tumors that spread throughout the peritoneum, while intraperitoneal xenografting the same number of cells did not form tumors, indicating that colonization of the ovary may play a role in metastasis. Physical tearing of the ovarian surface to mimic rupture of the ovary during ovulation (independent of hormonal changes) resulted in more MOE and HGSOC cells adhering to the ovary compared to intact ovaries. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

The road to long-term survival: Surgical approach and longitudinal treatments of long-term survivors of advanced-stage serous ovarian cancer.

Gynecol Oncol 2018 Nov 21. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology/Section of Gynecologic Oncology/Center for Integrated Science, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, United States of America. Electronic address:

Objective: It is unclear if the types of surgical procedures performed on long-term survivors (LTS) of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) contribute to prolonged survival. In this case-control study we review the surgical procedures performed on LTS and describe their individual longitudinal disease courses.

Methods: Women with FIGO stage III-IV high-grade serous cancer of the ovary, fallopian tube or peritoneum were selected from the University of Chicago ovarian cancer database. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Current First-line Therapy for Ovarian Cancer: A Comprehensive Review.

Obstet Gynecol Surv 2018 Nov;73(11):650-657

Assistant Professor, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

Importance: Ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancers constitute the deadliest gynecologic malignancies. After primary cytoreductive surgery, there are several standard first-line cytotoxic treatments for providers to consider. Newer molecular targeted therapies are becoming more common and may have a role as first-line therapy in the future. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Isolated ovarian tuberculosis in an Immuno- competent woman in the post partum period: case report.

Authors:
Wondimu Gudu

J Ovarian Res 2018 Nov 22;11(1):97. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Saint Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, P.O.Box 1271, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Pelvic tuberculosis is a rare form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. It commonly involves the fallopian tubes and the uterus from a lympho-hematogeneous spread. The presentation of pelvic tuberculosis as an isolated ovarian abscess is extremely rare and is reported only twice. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Olaparib Tablet: A Review in Ovarian Cancer Maintenance Therapy.

Target Oncol 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Springer, Private Bag 65901, Mairangi Bay, Auckland, 0754, New Zealand.

Olaparib (Lynparza®), a first-in-class poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, has recently been approved in a new tablet formulation as maintenance treatment for recurrent high-grade epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer in patients who are in complete or partial response to platinum-based chemotherapy. Relative to an earlier capsule formulation, the tablet formulation of olaparib has improved bioavailability, thereby reducing pill burden and offering a more convenient dosage regimen. In the phase III SOLO2 study, maintenance treatment with olaparib tablets significantly prolonged median PFS (primary endpoint) relative to placebo in patients with platinum-sensitive, recurrent, ovarian cancer bearing gBRCA mutations. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Assisted reproductive techniques with congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Endocr Disord 2018 Nov 19;18(1):85. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Key laboratory of Endocrinology, Ministry of Health; Department of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Wang Fu Jing St, Dongcheng district, Beijing, 100730, China.

Background: After hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) including androgen replacement or sequential therapy of estrogen and progesterone, The combination of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) and pulsatile GnRH, is not sufficient to produce sufficient gametes in some patients with Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH). A Systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine that assisted reproductive techniques (ART) can effectively treat different causes of infertility.

Methods: To determine the effect of ART on fertility of CHH patients and investigate whether outcomes are similar to infertility due to other causes, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of retrospective trials. Read More

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November 2018

A full term abdominal pregnancy with an isthmic tubal implantation of the placenta.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2018 Nov 19;18(1):448. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Yalgado Ouédraogo University Teaching Hospital of Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7022, Ouagadougou, 03, Burkina Faso.

Background: Abdominal pregnancy is defined as the partial or total insertion of the embryo into the abdominal cavity. It is rare, and can evolve towards the full term if it is not recognized in the early pregnancy. It carries a high risk of maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

[Management and pregnancy outcomes of heterotopic pregnancy].

Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2018 Nov;53(11):768-775

Department of Obstetrics, Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310006, China.

To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis and treatments of heterotopic pregnancy (HP) and demonstrate the outcomes of HP after the surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancies. A retrospective analysis was performed on 144 cases of HP in Womens Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2003 to December 2016. (1) Clinical features of HP:the average age of patients was (30. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Pathogenic BRCA1 mutations may be necessary but not sufficient for tissue genomic heterogeneity: Deep sequencing data from ovarian cancer patients.

Gynecol Oncol 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, Hellenic Foundation for Cancer Research, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address:

Background: Tissue genomic heterogeneity (t-HET) in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (OVCA) is related to tissue plasticity, i.e., flexibility to adapt to adverse molecular environments. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Alteration of BRCA-1 tumor suppressor gene expression in serous and mucinous ovarian neoplasms in the benign-borderline-malignant pathway.

Curr Probl Cancer 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Saudi Arabia; Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt. Electronic address:

Alteration of expression of the tumor suppressor gene BRCA-1 has been widely studied in breast and ovarian carcinoma. However, pattern of this alteration in the benign-borderline-carcinoma sequence in serous and mucinous ovarian neoplasms have not yet fully described. Tissue sections from 214 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded ovarian specimens were stained immunohistochemically with BRCA-1 antibody. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Middle Ear Osteoma Causing Mixed Hearing Loss: A Case Report.

J Int Adv Otol 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, and Skull Base Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

Osteomas of the middle ear are rare benign tumors. Their consequences and symptoms are due to their specific location, such as the promontory or the epitympanum and their contact with the facial nerve, the semicircular canal, the ossicles, and the oval or round windows. We report a very unusual case of middle ear osteoma (MEO) in a 23-year-old male patient causing a right mixed hearing loss by contacting and overwhelming the incus and stapes. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Networks of E-cadherin, β1 integrin, and focal adhesion kinase in the pathogenesis of tubal pregnancy.

Gynecol Endocrinol 2018 Nov 15:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

b Institute of Reproductive Immunology, College of Life Science and Technology , Jinan University , Guangzhou , People's Republic of China.

E-cadherin, β1 integrin, and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) are reported to involved in eutopic implantation by mediating cell adhesion. However, less is documented about their roles in ectopic implantation. This study was undertaken to evaluate the roles and networks of E-cadherin, β1 integrin, and FAK in tubal pregnancy. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Overexpression of the recently identified oncogene REDD1 correlates with tumor progression and is an independent unfavorable prognostic factor for ovarian carcinoma.

Diagn Pathol 2018 Nov 14;13(1):87. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Cancer Institute, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, 20032, China.

Background: Regulated in development and DNA damage response (REDD1), a gene responding to hypoxia or multiple DNA damage events, was recently implicated in cancer development and progression. Previously, in vivo and in vitro experiments indicated that REDD1 functions as an oncogene in ovarian cancer cells. However, the role of REDD1 in cancer cell migration and invasion and in clinical significance of prognostic values is not examined in detail. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

A Pilot Study Comparing 2- and 3-Dimensional Ultrasound Imaging for Confirmation of ESSURE® Fallopian Tube Pregnancy Prevention Implants.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Service de Gynécologie Obstétrique, CHU Nantes. Electronic address:

Study Objective: To demonstrate the feasibility of 2-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) imaging compared to 3-dimensionnal ultrasound (3DUS) to identify the location of implants and assess if the classification developed by Simorre et al described in 2016 was applicable to the 2 types of ultrasound imaging (2D and 3D).

Design: A prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2).

Setting: Department of obstetrics and gynecology in a teaching hospital. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Persistent Mullerian duct syndrome: Report of two cases with phenotypical immunohistochemical profiling.

Urologia 2018 Nov 28;85(4):177-181. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

1 Pathology Service, Addarii Institute of Oncology, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Introduction:: Persistent Mullerian duct syndrome is a rare disorder of male organ development characterized by internal male pseudohermaphroditism. Persistent Mullerian duct syndrome is usually an incidental finding in patients presenting cryptorchidism, inguinal hernia, or a previous story of undescended testes.

Case Description:: We report on two cases of persistent Mullerian duct syndrome: an adult fertile male with uterus and ectopic prostate occurring as pelvic mass and a 75-year-old organ donor with uterus and two fallopian tubes, discovered in course of organ recruitment. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Cell Origins of High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer.

Cancers (Basel) 2018 Nov 12;10(11). Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

High-grade serous ovarian cancer, also known as high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC), is the most common and deadliest type of ovarian cancer. HGSC appears to arise from the ovary, fallopian tube, or peritoneum. As most HGSC cases present with widespread peritoneal metastases, it is often not clear where HGSC truly originates. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Impact of styrene maleic anhydride (SMA) based hydrogel on rat fallopian tube as contraceptive implant with selective antimicrobial property.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2019 Jan 8;94:94-107. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Indian Institute of Technology, School of Medical Science and Technology, Kharagpur 721302, India. Electronic address:

Development of non-hormonal female contraception is a need to combat against increasing population growth. The presently available short term or long term female contraceptives and sterilization methods have their own restrictions and side effects. With this objective, herein, we describe an innovative insight about the use of hydrogel formulation consisting of Styrene Maleic Anhydride (SMA) dissolved in Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) as non-hormonal fallopian tube contraceptive implant. Read More

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January 2019
7 Reads

[Synchronous mucinous metaplasia and neoplasia of the female genital tract].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2018 Nov;47(11):845-850

Department of Pathology, Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200090, China.

To describe the clinicopathological features of synchronous mucinous metaplasia and neoplasia of the female genital tract (SMMN-FGT). The sample consisted of 7 cases of SMMN-FGT recorded from November 2014 to September 2017 at Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University.PAP method was used in immunohistochemistry. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Facial canal dehiscence rate: a retrospective analysis of 372 chronic otitis media cases.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the rate and location of facial canal dehiscence (FCD) observed during surgery for chronic otitis media (COM) with or without cholesteatoma.

Material And Method: Operative details of 1296 patients who underwent chronic otitis media surgery from January 2000 to January 2017 by the same surgeon were included in this retrospective study focusing on intraoperative observations of FCD.

Results: Because of the type of the surgery, the Fallopian canal could not be seen completely, so 924 of the cases which only involved performing a tympanoplasty were not included in the study. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Single-cell RNA-sequencing reveals transcriptional dynamics of estrogen-induced dysplasia in the ovarian surface epithelium.

PLoS Genet 2018 Nov 12;14(11):e1007788. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Estrogen therapy increases the risk of ovarian cancer and exogenous estradiol accelerates the onset of ovarian cancer in mouse models. Both in vivo and in vitro, ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) cells exposed to estradiol develop a subpopulation that loses cell polarity, contact inhibition, and forms multi-layered foci of dysplastic cells with increased susceptibility to transformation. Here, we use single-cell RNA-sequencing to characterize this dysplastic subpopulation and identify the transcriptional dynamics involved in its emergence. Read More

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November 2018

Comparison of the prevalence of adhesions at the time of diagnostic laparoscopy for infertility between patient who had open myomectomy and those who had no previous pelvic-abdominal surgery or pelvic inflammatory disease.

Niger J Clin Pract 2018 Nov;21(11):1415-1421

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Asokoro District Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.

Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and patterns of adhesions in infertile women with prior open myomectomy compared with women without prior pelvic-abdominal surgery.

Methods: A nested case-control study of infertile women who had diagnostic laparoscopy after open myomectomy between January 2008 and June 2015 in Life Institute for Endoscopy Limited, Nnewi Nigeria, was conducted. At diagnostic laparoscopy, the presence, site, and quality (density) of adhesions was noted and recorded. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Design, Manufacture, and Testing of a Tissue Scaffold for Permanent Female Sterilization by Tubal Occlusion.

MRS Adv 2018 15;3(30):1685-1690. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755, U.S.A.

Current FDA-approved permanent female sterilization procedures are invasive and/or require the implantation of non-biodegradable materials. These techniques pose risks and complications, such as device migration, fracture, and tubal perforation. We propose a safe, non-invasive biodegradable tissue scaffold to effectively occlude the Fallopian tubes within 30 days of implantation. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Heterotopic Quadruplet Pregnancy After ICSI Conception.

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2018 Dec 12;68(6):505-507. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, KEM Hospital, Pune, India.

Background: Heterotopic pregnancy (HP) is a condition characterized by the coexistence of multiple fetuses at two or more implantation sites. It occurs in 1% of pregnancies after assisted reproductive techniques (ART). Presence of triplet intrauterine pregnancy with ectopic gestational sac is one of the rarest forms of HP. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Interstitial and Cornual Ectopic Pregnancy: Conservative Surgical and Medical Management.

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2018 Dec 28;68(6):471-476. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Marg, Rajinder Nagar, New Delhi, 110060 India.

Background: Interstitial and cornual ectopic pregnancy is rare, accounting for 2-4% of ectopic pregnancies and remains the most difficult type of ectopic pregnancy to diagnose due to low sensitivity and specificity of symptoms and imaging. The classic triad of ectopic pregnancy-abdominal pain, amenorrhea and vaginal bleeding-occurs in less than 40% of patients. The site of implantation in the intrauterine portion of fallopian tube and invasion through the uterine wall make this pregnancy difficult to differentiate from an intrauterine pregnancy on ultrasound. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Imaging Mass Spectrometry Reveals Crosstalk between the Fallopian Tube and the Ovary that Drives Primary Metastasis of Ovarian Cancer.

ACS Cent Sci 2018 Oct 9;4(10):1360-1370. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 833 South Wood Street, Chicago, Illinois 60612, United States.

High grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths among women. New evidence suggests that HGSOC arises in the fallopian tube and then colonizes the ovary before spreading into the peritoneal space. Therefore, due to the proximity of this metastasis, an experimental design was optimized using imaging mass spectrometry to capture the spatial composition of small molecules uniquely expressed when fallopian-tube-derived tumor cells were grown in the microenvironment of the ovary as a model of primary metastasis. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Adnexal torsion in symptomatic women: a single-centre retrospective study of diagnosis and management.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Nov 8:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

a Department of Gynaecology , Fernandez Hospital , Hyderabad , India.

This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the sonographic diagnosis and management strategy of symptomatic adnexal torsion at a teaching hospital in Hyderabad, India. All women with abdominal pain and preoperative or operative diagnosis of adnexal torsion from January 2011 to December 2015 were included. A total of 76 women with 78 episodes were included; 28 (36%) occurred during pregnancy. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Acute Abdomen due to Mutual Tangle of Two Small Paratubal Cysts.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2018 14;2018:2351809. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seirei Hamamatsu General Hospital, Japan.

A 30-year-old woman (gravida 0) visited our hospital with a complaint of right lower abdominal pain. Transvaginal ultrasonography revealed a 5-cm swollen right ovary, which was suspected to be a mature cystic teratoma. Pelvic examination revealed moderate pain. Read More

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October 2018
10 Reads

Peritoneal washing is an adequate source for somatic BRCA1/2 mutation testing in ovarian malignancies.

Pathol Res Pract 2018 Oct 28. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Liquid Biopsy Laboratory, Medical Oncology Department, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Spain; Familial Cancer Unit, Medical Oncology Department, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Spain. Electronic address:

Genetic screening for BRCA mutations should be offered to all women diagnosed with epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, and/or peritoneal cancers given the implications for treatment options and cancer risk assessments. Yet, while germline breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer susceptibility gene 2 (BRCA2) testing is commonly performed, BRCA1/2 somatic mutations testing is rather challenging since the poor quality of DNA extracted from formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) samples can significantly impair this process. Peritoneal lavage is routinely performed in surgeries of suspected ovarian malignancies. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

[Surgical technique and outcomes of uteri retrieval from brain-dead multi-organ donors: a preclinical research of human uterine transplantation].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Oct;98(39):3178-3182

To evaluate the surgical technique and outcomes of uteri retrieval from brain-dead multi-organ donors.This study is a preclinical research of human living uterine transplantation. From May, 2015 to May, 2017, four uteri retrieval procedures, characterized with radical hysterectomy and uterine vascular pedicles dissection, were performed in multi-organ brain-dead donors. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Frontiers in the Pathology and Pathogenesis of Ovarian Cancer: Cancer Precursors and "Precursor Escape".

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2018 Dec;32(6):915-928

Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address:

This article summarizes the pathogenesis of ovarian carcinoma, focusing on the paradox of high-grade serous carcinogenesis. The fallopian tube is the prime site of origin in early serous cancers. Because a subset of serous cancers is associated with early serous proliferations absent intramucosal carcinomas, "precursor escape" is emerging, whereby some advanced cancers trace their roots to early serous proliferations. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Early Detection of Ovarian Cancer.

Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2018 Dec 28;32(6):903-914. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Early detection of ovarian cancer could reduce mortality by 10% to 30%. Effective screening requires high sensitivity (>75%) and extremely high specificity (99.7%). Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

An Atypical Presentation of Ectopic Pregnancy With Unicornuate Uterus and Undescended Fallopian Tube.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB.

Background: Müllerian duct abnormalities are common and may be related to pregnancy complications. Few cases of ectopic pregnancy within an undescended Fallopian tube have been reported, and they present a diagnostic challenge.

Case: A 32-year-old pregnant woman had three presentations to the emergency department for increasing left upper abdominal pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, and eventual hemodynamic instability in the setting of right unicornuate uterus and undiagnosed undescended left adnexa. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Identification of grade and origin specific cell populations in serous epithelial ovarian cancer by single cell RNA-seq.

PLoS One 2018 1;13(11):e0206785. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Robert S. Boas Center for Genomics and Human Genetics, The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, New York, United States of America.

Here we investigated different cell populations within ovarian cancer using single-cell RNA seq: fourteen samples from nine patients with differing grades (high grade, low grade and benign) as well as different origin sites (primary and metastatic tumor site, ovarian in origin and fallopian in origin). We were able to identify sixteen distinct cell populations with specific cells correlated to high grade tumors, low grade tumors, benign and one population unique to a patient with a breast cancer relapse. Furthermore the proportion of these populations changes from primary to metastatic in a shift from mainly epithelial cells to leukocytes with few cancer epithelial cells in the metastases. Read More

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November 2018

Ocular Toxicity of Mirvetuximab.

Cornea 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Vita-Salute, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.

Purpose: To report the clinical features and outcomes of corneal toxicity following mirvetuximab soravtansine therapy.

Methods: Five patients who were treated with mirvetuximab soravtansine were evaluated in our hospital for ocular symptoms during a period of 5 months between December 2017 and April 2018. A complete ophthalmologic examination, including anterior segment infrared reflectance (AS-IR) and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), was performed. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Laparoscopy versus laparotomy for the management of early stage endometrial cancer.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 10 31;10:CD006655. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Gynaecological Oncology, Princess Alexandra Wing, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro, UK, TR1 3LJ.

Background: This is an update of a previous Cochrane Review published in 2012, Issue 9.Surgery for endometrial cancer (hysterectomy with removal of both fallopian tubes and ovaries) is performed through laparotomy. It has been suggested that the laparoscopic approach is associated with a reduction in operative morbidity. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads