J Thromb Haemost 2021 04 10;19(4):1001-1017. Epub 2021 Feb 10.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA.
Background: Human coagulation factor (F) XI deficiency, a defect of the contact activation system, protects against venous thrombosis, stroke, and heart attack, whereas FXII, plasma prekallikrein, or kininogen deficiencies are asymptomatic. FXI deficiency, inhibition of FXI production, activated FXI (FXIa) inhibitors, and antibodies to FXI that interfere with FXI/FXII interactions reduce experimental thrombosis and inflammation. FXI inhibitors are antithrombotic in patients, and FXI and FXII deficiencies are atheroprotective in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. Read More