Hemasphere 2021 May 21;5(5):e557. Epub 2021 Apr 21.
Center for Translational Immunology (CTI), University Medical Center Utrecht, University Utrecht, The Netherlands.
The main complication of hemophilia A treatment is the development of neutralizing antibodies (inhibitors) against factor VIII (FVIII). Immune tolerance induction (ITI) is the prescribed treatment for inhibitor eradication, although its working mechanism remains unresolved. To clarify this mechanism, we compared blood samples of hemophilia A patients with and without inhibitors for presence of immunoregulatory cells and markers, including regulatory B-cells (Bregs), regulatory T-cells (Tregs), myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), and expression of regulatory markers on T-cells (programmed cell death protein 1 [PD1], inducable T-cell costimulator, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 [CTLA4]), by use of flow cytometry. Read More