417,714 results match your criteria Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America [Journal]
J Vet Sci 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05030, Korea.
Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a powerful tool for identifying the genetic causes of various diseases. This study conducted to identify genomic variation in Maltese dog genomes associated with degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) development and evaluate the association of each biological condition with DMVD in Maltese dogs. DNA was extracted from blood samples obtained from 48 Maltese dogs (32 with DMVD and 16 controls). Read More
Gerontologist 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Virginia Tech Center for Gerontology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg.
Background And Objectives: Older adults with HIV face greater health burden than HIV-uninfected counterparts. Little is known about resources that might mediate the influence of physiological health burden on psychological well-being. Informed by the stress process model, we assessed the influence of multifaceted health burden indicators on depressive symptoms and evaluated the mediating effects of social support adequacy. Read More
Ann Bot 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Institute of Botany, The Czech Academy of Sciences, Průhonice, Czech Republic.
Background And Aims: Alpine cushion plants can initially facilitate other species during ecological succession, but later on can be negatively affected by their development, especially when beneficiaries possess traits allowing them to overrun their host. This can be reinforced by accelerated warming favouring competitively strong species over cold-adapted cushion specialists. However, little empirical research has addressed the trait-based mechanisms of these interactions. Read More
J Phys Condens Matter 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Mexico D.F., Coyoacan, MEXICO.
In this study we have performed molecular dynamics simulations to study a Gay-Berne discotic fluid confined in a slab geometry for a fixed confinement length. Four different anchoring strengths with a homeotropic (face-on) configuration were studied. We found that changing the anchoring strength changes the normal component of the stress tensor, which in turn changes de density of the system's bulk. Read More
PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208088. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
The Center for Youth Wellness, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are associated with poor health outcomes, underlining the significance of early identification and intervention. Currently, there is no validated tool to screen for ACEs exposure in childhood. To fill this gap, we designed and implemented a pediatric ACEs questionnaire in an urban pediatric Primary Care Clinic. Read More
PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208030. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Language and Cognition Department, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
In face-to-face communication, recurring intervals of mutual gaze allow listeners to provide speakers with visual feedback (e.g. nodding). Read More
PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208497. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Advanced Manufacturing Technology Center, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong province, China.
Attention maps have been fused in the VggNet structure (EAC-Net)  and have shown significant improvement compared to that of the VggNet structure. However, in , E-Net was designed based on the facial action unit (AU) center and for facial AU detection only. Thus, for the use of attention maps in every image type, this paper proposed a new convolutional neural network (CNN) structure, P_VggNet, comprising the following parts: P_Net and VggNet with 16 layers (VggNet-16). Read More
Otol Neurotol 2019 Jan;40(1):e58-e59
Department of Otolaryngology.
Nurs Res 2019 Jan/Feb;68(1):39-47
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, PhD, is Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Spain. Helena García-Llana, PhD, is Psychology Associate Researcher, Department of Nephrology, La Paz University Hospital-IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain. María Paz Ruiz-Álvarez, MP, is Registered Nurse, Department of Nephrology, La Paz University Hospital-IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain. Alicia Gómez-Gómez, MP, is Registered Nurse, Department of Nephrology, Henares Hospital, Madrid, Spain. Gloria del Peso, PhD, is Nephrology Consultant, Department of Nephrology, La Paz University Hospital-IdiPAZ, Madrid Spain. Rafael Selgas, PhD, is Department Head, Department of Nephrology, La Paz University Hospital-IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain.
Background: The Emotional State Instrument for Dialysis Patients (ES-D) is a brief semistructured questionnaire to assess emotional distress in patients undergoing dialysis. It was designed to be administered by a healthcare provider. A previous study showed preliminary indicators of its content and face validity. Read More
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
College of Biomedical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, China.
Disorders of lipid metabolism and inflammation play an important role in atherosclerosis. LongShengZhi capsule (LSZ), a Chinese herbal medicine, has been used for treatment of patients with vascular diseases for many years. Herein, we determined the effect of LSZ on the progression of established atherosclerotic lesions in apoE deficient (apoE) mice. Read More
J Glaucoma 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Glaucoma and anterior segment, Dr. Shroff's charity eye hospital, Delhi.
Ectodermal dysplasia is a disorder that occurs due to abnormalities of ectodermal structures such as skin, teeth, hair, nails, and eccrine glands. Approximately 200 different conditions have been identified as ectodermal dysplasia, the most common being hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). It is characterized by hypotrichosis (sparse scalp or body hair), hypodontia (absent or malformed teeth) and hypohidrosis (reduced ability to sweat). Read More
Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1S Suppl 1):S29-S32
From the Graduate Institute of Chemical and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, and.
Introduction: Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) is a minimally invasive and technically straightforward treatment of masseter muscle (MM) volume reduction and facial contouring, but the literature on its long-term effect on MM volume remains unclear.
Objective: This study aimed to assess quantitatively for progressive volume changes of lower facial contour after 3 BoNT-A injections in patients with bilateral MM hypertrophy causing square facial morphology using 3-dimensional computed tomographic scans.
Materials And Methods: Ten female patients with square facial morphology due to bilateral MM hypertrophy were recruited to, and 6 completed, this clinical study. Read More
Ann Plast Surg 2019 Jan;82(1):99-103
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
Background: In East Asia, intraoral facial skeletal contour surgeries (intraoral FSCSs), including reduction gonioplasty, reduction malarplasty, and genioplasty, have become increasingly popular. Nonetheless, intraoral FSCSs are technically difficult and have a steep learning curve. An effective simulator could be beneficial for intraoral FSCS training. Read More
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
School of Psychology, University of Sydney , Sydney, Australia .
Self-disclosure is an essential component of social communication that has been associated with trust, liking, and ultimately strong relationships. As technology continues to develop, so do the number of methods to create and maintain relationships. While speaking face-to-face (FtF) remains the primary way to communicate, computer-mediated communication has become more common, meaning that research into self-disclosure has expanded to new domains, including virtual reality (VR). Read More
Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2848-2853
Universidade Federal Fluminense, Aurora Nursing School of Affonso Costa. Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Objective: To reflect on the sensitive behaviors of indigenous healthcare professionals based on the philosophy of Emmanuel Lévinas, to ratify completeness, equity, and humanity.
Method: reflective study.
Reflection: Studies have identified inadequacies in meeting the indigenous singularities. Read More
Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4351-4360
Faculdade de Medicina Dentária, Universidade de Lisboa. R. Professora Teresa Ambrósio, Cidade Universitária. 1600-177 Lisboa
The Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) questionnaire is an oral health-related quality of life indicator. It was developed in order to assess the influence of oral conditions on the self-ability to execute daily activities. The main goal of this research was to validate the OIDP for the Portuguese population aged 18 years and above. Read More
Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4249-4257
Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa, Hospital Sírio-Libanês. São Paulo SP Brasil.
This paper aims at proposing validated principles to underpin clinical management as a means to transform healthcare for integrated healthcare systems. The starting point was the conception of clinical management based on structuring elements that do not separate management, care and education. The authors' proposal was submitted to specialists so that a consensus could be reached. Read More
Acta Biomed 2018 Dec 7;89(7-S):19-24. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Parma University, Italy.
Background And Aim Of The Work: Numerous negative outcomes of inadequate pain management among children have been cited in the literature. Inadequate pain management may be particularly detrimental to children and adolescents facing life-threatening injury or illness on a Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). It is therefore absolutely necessary that professionals utilize effective and efficient tools in order to evaluate a person's sensations of pain in the most objective way possible. Read More
J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1237-S1240
Department of Conservative and Endodontics, Index Institute of Dental Sciences, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Masseter hypertrophy is a characteristic condition resulting from an increase in the size of the muscle mass. At times, it produces significant facial asymmetry and is an important finding in the differential diagnosis of similar located entities. A proper diagnosis of this condition would avoid more aggressive and unwarranted therapy by an inexperienced clinician who may mistake it for a more serious pathologic condition. Read More
Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 27;123(1):1-6. Epub 2018 Sep 27.
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China. Electronic address:
Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) face high postevent mortality. This study aims to evaluate the impact of living without spouse on 1-year mortality of ACS patients. This retrospective study enrolled a total of 600 consecutive patients (≥75 years of age) with ACS hospitalized in our hospital between January 2013 and December 2016. Read More
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2018 Dec 12:306624X18818682. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
2 University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA.
People who use illicit drugs face significant physical risks in the acquisition, use, and aftermath of their use. This is particularly the case among those who use heroin in view of recent spikes in heroin-associated overdoses, injuries, and deaths. Using a restrictive deterrence framework, we identify the risks that women associate with chronic heroin use and the ways they seek to manage those risks. Read More
J Clin Monit Comput 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Davide Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Initial feasibility of a novel closed-loop controller created by our group for closed-loop control of vasopressor infusions has been previously described. In clinical practice, vasopressor potency may be affected by a variety of factors including other pharmacologic agents, organ dysfunction, and vasoplegic states. The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluate the effectiveness of our controller in the face of large variations in drug potency, where 'effective' was defined as convergence on target pressure over time. Read More
Cogn Process 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Centre for Artificial Intelligence Research, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.
Despite years of research into cognitive mapping, the process remains controversial and little understood. A computational theory of cognitive mapping is needed, but developing it is difficult due to the lack of a clear interpretation of the empirical findings. For example, without knowing what a cognitive map is or how landmarks are defined, how does one develop a computational theory for it? We thus face the conundrum of trying to develop a theory without knowing what is computed. Read More
Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Brazilian Society of Plastic Surgery (Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Plástica), Rua Funchal, 129, 2 andar - Vila Olímpia, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04551-060, Brazil.
The self-titled study Brazilian Consensus Recommendation cannot be considered a consensus and more specifically cannot be considered a Brazilian consensus. The study does not represent the point-of-view of members of the Brazilian Society of Plastic Surgery. The content of this paper is plenty of contradictory and questionable affirmations. Read More
Open Vet J 2018 22;8(4):445-451. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Companion and Equine Animals, Ophthalmology, University of Liège, Quartier Vallée 2, Avenue de Cureghem 3, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is described in humans as an acute rise in intraorbital pressure following a severe and rapidly evolving orbital affection. It includes orbital oedema, haemorrhage or infection causing a marked reduction in local blood perfusion, and severely affecting the orbital neurovascular structures. If not promptly recognised and treated, it results in irreversible blindness. Read More
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2018 14;2018:3034612. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
Department of Biological and Preclinical Studies, Institute of Traditional Medicine, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, P.O. Box 65001, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Background: Inadequate specialized cancer hospitals and high costs are contributing factors that delay cancer patients from accessing health care services in Tanzania. Consequently, majority of patients are first seen by Traditional Health Practitioners (THPs) before they access specialized services. This study presents ethnomedical information and preliminary evaluation of 25 plant species claimed by THPs in Mkuranga and Same districts of Tanzania on use for treatment of cancer. Read More
Curr Zool 2018 Dec 5;64(6):733-743. Epub 2018 Mar 5.
Department of Animal Biology, School of Integrative Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.
The maintenance of genetic variation in the face of natural selection is a long-standing question in evolutionary biology. In the bluefin killifish , male coloration is polymorphic. Males can produce either red or yellow coloration in their anal fins, and both color morphs are present in all springs. Read More
Front Neurol 2018 27;9:967. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Laboratorio di Ricerche di Citogenetica Medica e Genetica Molecolare, Istituto Auxologico Italiano (IRCCS) Milan, Italy.
Splicing pathogenic variants account for a notable fraction of alterations underlying Cornelia de Lange syndrome but are likely underrepresented, due to overlooking of non-canonical intronic variants by traditional and contemporary sequencing methods. We describe five subjects, belonging to three families, displaying a mild Cornelia de Lange syndrome phenotype who carry the pathogenic variant c.5329-15A>G, affecting the IVS27 branch site, yet reported in a single case. Read More
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018 23;11:603-611. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Institute of Medical and Biomedical Education, St George's University of London, London, UK.
The recent rapid growth in dermal filler use, in conjunction with inadequate product and injector control, has heralded a concerning increase in filler complications. The 10-point plan has been developed to minimize complications through careful preconsideration of causative factors, categorized as patient, product, and procedure related. Patient-related factors include history, which involves a preprocedural consultation with careful elucidation of skin conditions, systemic disease, medications, and previous cosmetic procedures. Read More
Indian J Surg Oncol 2018 Dec 16;9(4):629-632. Epub 2018 May 16.
1Surgical Oncology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Rohini, New Delhi, India.
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) refers to spindle cell sarcomas arising from or separating in the direction of cells of peripheral nerve sheath. The MPNST of the parotid gland is an extremely rare tumor, accounts for < 5% of all soft tissue sarcomas, and carries a poor prognosis. In this article, we report a case of MPNST of parotid gland in a 45-year-old male and review its diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Read More
Nature 2018 12;564(7735):176-179
Br J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Ophthalmology, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Purpose: To evaluate vascular changes in patients with intermediate uveitis with or without retinal vasculitis using swept-source wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).
Methods: This is a prospective cross-sectional study. Consecutive patients with intermediate uveitis were evaluated using wide-field OCTA. Read More
BMJ Evid Based Med 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.
We aimed to study differences in postgraduate students' achievement if they are taught evidence-based medicine (EBM) by face-to-face or by online learning. We assessed the performance of 28 postgraduate students who completed a face-to-face learning module and 34 students who completed an online learning module in a cross-sectional study. The teaching materials were the same in both courses so that any performance difference would be due to the teaching method. Read More
J Infect Chemother 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Division of Neurology, Sendai City Hospital, 1-1-1 Asutonagamachi, Taihaku-ku, Sendai 982-8502, Miyagi, Japan.
Early neurosyphilis commonly appears in basilar meninges, and its meningeal inflammation can spread to neighboring cranial nerves, resulting in some cranial nerve palsies. Herein, we report a case of a 51-year-old man who presented with right peripheral facial nerve palsy. His symptoms completely disappeared with prednisolone monotherapy without antibiotics use and were not exacerbated during clinical treatment. Read More
BMC Oral Health 2018 Dec 11;18(1):211. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Universite Paris Diderot, Paris, France.
Background: The Parental-Caregivers Perceptions Questionnaire (P-CPQ) is a measure of parental/caregivers' perceptions of the impact of children's oral health on quality of life. The aim of the study was evaluate the psychometric properties of the French version of the P-CPQ.
Method: The original P-CPQ was developed in English language and has 31 items divided into four sub-scales. Read More
J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Dec 12:appineuropsych18040086. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
From the Laboratório Interdisciplinar de Investigação Médica, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Martins, Prado, Teixeira, de Souza); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociências, da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Prado, Teixeira, de Souza); the Departamento de Neurología Sur/Departamento de Neurociencia, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile (Lillo); the Geroscience Center for Brain Health and Metabolism, Santiago, Chile (Lillo); the School of Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom (Mioshi); and the Department of Internal Medicine, Faculdade de Medicina, da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Teixeira, de Souza).
Objective:: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease with prominent motor symptoms. Patients with ALS may also manifest frontal behavior symptoms and cognitive decline, including impairment in facial emotion recognition. The authors aimed to investigate whether deficits in emotion recognition were associated with frontal behavior symptoms in ALS. Read More
J Sport Exerc Psychol 2018 Dec 12:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
1 McGill University.
LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, etc.) individuals face an array of challenges to physical activity participation, such as discrimination and exclusion. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of LGBTQ+ experiences in physical activity. Read More
Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2018 Dec 11:1055665618813453. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Toya Kyokai Hospital, Toyako-cho, Abuta-gun, Japan.
Objective:: To clarify the morphological characteristics of hemifacial microsomia (HFM) by quantitative analysis of cephalometric radiographs.
Design:: Retrospective study of imaging data.
Setting:: Imaging data were obtained from the records of Sapporo Medical University Hospital. Read More
Curr Health Sci J 2015 Jul-Sep;41(3):274-280. Epub 2015 Mar 15.
Pathology dept., Clinical Emergency County Hospital of Craiova.
The purpose of this study was the clinical and histo-immunohistochemical analysis of two cases: a cutaneous pigmented facial malignant melanoma and a lumbar congenital nevus with malignant transformation. A series of clinical elements raised the suspicion of some malignant melanocytic lesions and the histopathological analysis through the paraffin embedding technique confirmed the clinical suspicion. The immunohistochemical analysis using the streptavidin-biotin-peroxydase method of the facial malignant melanoma showed: S100 protein intense and diffuse positive, Tyrosinase diffuse positive, HMB45 strong and focal positive, Cyclin D1 positive in approximately 40% and Ki-67 positive in almost 70% of the tumor cells. Read More
Appl Netw Sci 2016 1;1(1). Epub 2016 Jun 1.
1National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-8430 Japan.
In the age of data processing, news videos are rich mines of information. After all, the news are essentially created to convey information to the public. But can we go beyond what is directly presented to us and see a wider picture? Many works already focus on what we can discover and understand from the analysis of years of news broadcasting. Read More
J Rehabil Assist Technol Eng 2017 Jan-Dec;4. Epub 2017 Oct 5.
Department of Psychiatry, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Great Neck, USA.
Introduction: Mobile technologies, such as short message service or text messaging, can be an important way to reach individuals with medical and behavioral health problems who are homebound or geographically isolated. Optimally tailoring messages in short message service interventions according to preferences can enhance engagement and positive health outcomes; however, little is known about the messaging preferences of middle-aged and older adults.
Methods: Utilizing secondary data, global messaging preferences were examined to inform the development of short message service interventions for adults of all ages. Read More
J Cardiol Cases 2010 Dec 6;2(3):e147-e150. Epub 2010 Jul 6.
National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan.
We encountered a case of hypothyroidism showing Brugada-type electrocardiogram (ECG). A 52-year-old man was referred to our hospital in August 2009. Past medical history showed that liver dysfunction and face edema of unknown origin had been pointed out 1 year earlier. Read More
ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2018 Dec 11;81(1):24-35. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Maxillo-Facial Surgery Unit, Neurosensorial Department, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Florence, Italy.
Objective: The buccal fat pad (BFP) has been progressively introduced into clinical practice for oral defect reconstruction. This study describes our experience with this technique and compares indications in the literature and outcomes.
Methods: We prospectively enrolled 24 patients presenting oral surgical defects and treated between January 2012 and January 2015 at our institution. Read More
Appetite 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Organic Food Quality and Food Culture, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, University of Kassel, Nordbahnhofstrasse 1A, 37213, Witzenhausen, Germany.
This study aims to investigate consumers' green food purchase intentions using a survey conducted in Qingdao, Shandong Province, China. Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), it models the influences of Chinese culture and consumer characteristics towards purchasing green food products. According to TPB, the behavioral intention is determined by attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control, whereas subjective norms vary according to differences in cultural systems. Read More
Aust J Prim Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
People living with Parkinson's disease (PWPD) in rural areas have limited access to local condition-specific care. This paper examines the healthcare preferences of PWPD living in rural areas and how a community-driven initiative to employ a movement disorder nurse (MDN) functioned to address barriers to health services access. A qualitative design facilitated an understanding of how interactions with the health system shaped PWPD and their carer's experiences of living in a regional community. Read More
Hum Fertil (Camb) 2018 Dec 11:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
b NGA Law and Brilliant Beginnings , London , UK.
This study aimed to explore UK intending parent's reasons for cross-border and domestic surrogacy, their preparations for the birth and the practical and legal challenges faced after the birth. An online survey was completed by 203 participants, of which 132 had a child born through surrogacy, 33 were in the process of surrogacy and 38 were planning a surrogacy arrangement. The most common reason for pursuing surrogacy in the UK was wanting a relationship with the surrogate (43%; n = 17) and for conducting surrogacy in the USA was because of a better legal framework (97%; n = 60). Read More
Am J Primatol 2018 Dec;80(12):e22932
Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis, California.
Predation is widely recognized as an important selective pressure on prey animals such as baboons (Papio spp.), which face high leopard (Panthera pardus) predation risk, particularly at night. Baboons regularly sleep on cliff faces and in trees at night, ostensibly to avoid such predators. Read More
Eur J Heart Fail 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.
Multiple drug classes have shown incremental benefits in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Most of these trials were designed to achieve specific doses of the investigational agent. Clinical practice guidelines recommend using the same target dosing of therapies, as tolerated. Read More
J Adv Nurs 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
School of Nursing, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Australia.
Aims: To examine the effectiveness of a self-management intervention compared with usual care in adults with chronic kidney disease on self-management, knowledge, self-efficacy, health-related quality of life and blood pressure.
Design: A parallel group randomized controlled trial.
Methods: Patients aged ≥ 18 years with chronic kidney disease stages 3-5 were recruited between November 2015 - June 2016. Read More
J Anim Ecol 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Biology, Research Group Phycology - Bioinformatics & Evolutionary Genomics, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
The spatial configuration and size of patches influence metapopulation dynamics by altering colonisation-extinction dynamics and local density dependency. This spatial forcing as determined by the metapopulation typology then imposes strong selection pressures on life-history traits, which will in turn feed back on the ecological metapopulation dynamics. Given the relevance of metapopulation persistence for biological conservation, and the potential rescuing role of evolution, a firm understanding of the relevance of these eco-evolutionary processes is essential. Read More