417,947 results match your criteria Facial Nerve Intratemporal Tumors


Synchronous occurrence of multiple distinct jaw lesions in Simpson-Golabi-Behmel Syndrome: A case report.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

Simpson-Golabi-Behmel Syndrome (SGBS) is an X-linked overgrowth syndrome characterized by pre- and postnatal overgrowth, typical facial appearance and multiple visceral, skeletal, and neurological anomalies. There is only few information in the current literature, on clinical and particularly dentofacial findings due to recent identification of the syndrome and its clinical overlap with other overgrowth syndromes. The aim of this case report is to present dentofacial findings in a 16-year-old boy who had been diagnosed with SGBS. Read More

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December 2018

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over parietal cortex improves associative memory.

Neurobiol Learn Mem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neuroscience, Institute for Medical Research, University of Belgrade, Serbia.

Associative memory plays a key role in everyday functioning, but it declines with normal aging as well as due to various pathological states and conditions, thus impairing quality of life. Associative memory enhancement via neurostimulation over frontal areas resulted in limited success, while posterior stimulation sites seemed to be more promising. We hypothesized that anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of parietal areas would lead to higher performance in associative memory due to high connectivity between posterior parietal cortex (PPC) and hippocampus. Read More

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December 2018

Protocol for evaluation of topical ophthalmic drug products in different compartments of fresh eye tissues in a rabbit model.

J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Office of Translational Science, Office of Clinical Pharmacology, Division of Applied Regulatory Science, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, White Oak Federal Research Center, 10903 New Hampshire Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20993, USA. Electronic address:

Topical ophthalmic drugs are the most commonly used dosage form to treat diseases of the anterior segment of the eye. Although this dosage form has the advantages of ease of application, small volume dose, and rapid action and is largely devoid of systemic adverse effects, the bioavailability is low due to pre-corneal anatomical barriers and the nature of the drug formulation itself. Some complex generic formulations (suspensions, ointments, gels) for topical ophthalmic products face impediments to rapid regulatory approval because of the complex nature of the formulations and difficulties in determining bioequivalence with the innovator product. Read More

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December 2018

Machine learning for predicting psychotic relapse at 2 years in schizophrenia in the national FACE-SZ cohort.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Fondation FondaMental, Créteil, France; Faculté de Médecine, Université d'Auvergne, CMP B, CHU, EA 7280, Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 69 63003, France.

Background: Predicting psychotic relapse is one of the major challenges in the daily care of schizophrenia.

Objectives: To determine the predictors of psychotic relapse and follow-up withdrawal in a non-selected national sample of stabilized community-dwelling SZ subjects with a machine learning approach.

Methods: Participants were consecutively included in the network of the FondaMental Expert Centers for Schizophrenia and received a thorough clinical and cognitive assessment, including recording of current treatment. Read More

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December 2018
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Transitional care for patients with surgical pediatric hepatobiliary disease: choledochal cysts and biliary atresia.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

University of Rochester School of Medicine, Rochester, NY, USA.

Choledochal cysts (CDCs) and biliary atresia (BA) are rare pediatric hepatobiliary anomalies that require surgical intervention due to increased risk of malignancy and liver failure, respectively. The underlying disease and operative procedures place patients at risk for long-term complications, which may continue to affect them into adulthood. Lack of a transitional care model in the health care system potentiates the challenges they will face following aging out of their pediatric providers' care. Read More

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December 2018

Three prognostic indexes as predictors of response to adjuvant chemoradiotherapy in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma after radical surgery: A large-scale prospective study.

Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Environment Factors and Cancer, School of Public Health, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.

Background: To develop and validate practical prognostic indexes (PIs) for predicting the prognosis and response to postoperative adjuvant therapy in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).

Methods: A large cohort of 1071 OSCC patients were randomized to either training set (N = 708) or validation set (N = 363). Three types of PIs were developed according to the nomogram scores, β coefficients and excess hazard ratios, respectively. Read More

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December 2018
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Brucellosis knowledge and preventive practices among herders in Western Mongolia.

Zoonoses Public Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Lack of knowledge regarding brucellosis may lead to highly risky practices. Among herders in Mongolia, little research was conducted assessing the extent of knowledge related to brucellosis, the type of preventive behaviours that were practiced, and the relationship between knowledge and behaviour regarding brucellosis. A cross-sectional study was conducted in two provinces of Mongolia where herders were randomly selected to participate in the study. Read More

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December 2018

Recurrent neutrophilic dermatosis of the face.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Dermatology, Farhat Hached University Hospital, Avenue Ibn Jazzar, 4002, Sousse, Tunisia.

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December 2018

Impacts of warming and water deficit on antioxidant responses in Panicum maximum Jacq.

Physiol Plant 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências Agrarias e Veterinárias -FCAV, Departamento de Biologia Aplicada a Agropecuária (DBAA), 14884-900 Jaboticabal São Paulo, Brazil.

Agricultural activities are affected by many biotic and abiotic stresses associated with global climate change. Predicting the response of plants to abiotic stress under future climate scenarios requires an understanding of plant biochemical performance in simulated stress conditions. In this study the antioxidant response of Panicum maximum Jacq. Read More

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December 2018
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Vascular anatomy of the free fibula flap including the lateral head of the soleus muscle applied to maxillo-mandibular reconstruction.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Beaujon Hospital, AP-HP, 100 boulevard du Général Leclerc, 92110, Clichy, France.

Purpose: Initially described by Baudet in 1982, the fibula flap including the lateral head of the soleus muscle allows a one-stage reconstruction for large maxillo-mandibular defects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the number of muscular branches destined to the soleus muscle and their distance from the origin of the fibular artery, to assess the vascular anatomy of the free fibula flap including the lateral head of the soleus muscle applied to maxillo-mandibular reconstruction.

Methods: We performed a cadaveric anatomic study on ten lower limbs, and a CT angiography anatomic study on 38 legs. Read More

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December 2018

Using the zygomatic arch as a reference line for clinical applications and anthropological studies.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Anatomy, Research Institute of Medical Science, Konkuk University School of Medicine, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 05029, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: The Frankfurt line is the most frequently and widely used reference line in cephalometric analysis, but has shortcomings including the difficulty of landmark identification. This study investigated using the superior border of the zygomatic arch as a new external bony landmark, including measuring the angle between the new reference line and the Frankfurt line.

Methods: Facial computed tomography scans were obtained from 170 patients (100 males and 70 females) hospitalized at Konkuk University Chungju Hospital. Read More

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December 2018

The Use of Platelet-Rich Plasma in Aesthetic and Regenerative Medicine: A Comprehensive Review.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Introduction: In recent years, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a promising autologous biological treatment modality for the use in aesthetic and regenerative medicine. PRP is a high concentration of platelets derived from whole blood which is isolated by centrifugation to separate and concentrate platelet-containing plasma from red blood cells. PRP comprises hundreds of bioactive proteins, including growth factors, peptides, and cytokines that stimulate healing of skin and soft tissues. Read More

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December 2018
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Repeatability and Reproducibility of Quantification of Superficial Peri-papillary Capillaries by four Different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Devices.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17866. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Doheny Image Reading Center, Doheny Eye Institute, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

This study was performed to test the repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of peri-papillary capillaries from four optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) devices. 109 healthy eyes were imaged with four OCTA devices (Spectralis, Optovue, Triton and Cirrus). A 3 × 3 mm scan pattern centered on the disc was repeated twice by each device. Read More

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December 2018

Aluminum-ceramic composites for thermal management in energy-conversion systems.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 14;8(1):17852. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Next-Generation Materials Co., Ltd. (NGM), 1401, Centum Science Park, 79 Centum jungang-ro, Haeundae-gu, Busan, 48058, Republic of Korea.

The most important property of energy-conversion ceramics in high-power lighting devices based on laser diodes (LDs) is thermal durability because high-energy LDs act as excitation and heat sources for ceramics. Herein, aluminum-ceramic composites (ACCs) are introduced for the manipulation of heat generated during high-power lighting. The cerium-doped aluminum garnet (YAG:Ce) phosphor is selected as the energy-conversion ceramic material. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of stakeholder views on peer review of NIHR applications for funding: a qualitative study.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e022548. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Wessex Institute, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Objectives: Innovations resulting from research have both national and global impact, so selecting the most promising research studies to fund is crucial. Peer review of research funding applications is part of the selection process, and requires considerable resources. This study aimed to elicit stakeholder opinions about which factors contribute to and influence effective peer review of funding applications to the UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), and to identify possible minor improvements to current processes and any major changes or potential innovations to achieve a more efficient peer review process. Read More

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December 2018

Co-repressor, co-activator and general transcription factor: the many faces of the Sin3 histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex.

Biochem J 2018 Dec 14;475(24):3921-3932. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, U.K.

At face value, the Sin3 histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex appears to be a prototypical co-repressor complex, that is, a multi-protein complex recruited to chromatin by DNA bound repressor proteins to facilitate local histone deacetylation and transcriptional repression. While this is almost certainly part of its role, Sin3 stubbornly refuses to be pigeon-holed in quite this way. Genome-wide mapping studies have found that Sin3 localises predominantly to the promoters of actively transcribed genes. Read More

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December 2018

Pediatric Web-Based Chat Services for Caregivers of Children: Descriptive Study.

J Med Internet Res 2018 Dec 14;20(12):e10165. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Pediatric Research Center, New Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Pediatric physician-led Web-based chat services offer a novel, low-threshold communication channel between caregivers and physicians.

Objective: Our aim was to describe chat conversations between caregivers and physicians in a Web-based chat service to determine the factors that should be considered when planning a similar chat service. We also aimed to evaluate whether caregivers considered the consultations helpful, whether physicians considered they could answer caregivers' questions, and whether further face-to-face medical contact was needed. Read More

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December 2018

Supported Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Programs for Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in University Students: Open, Non-Randomised Trial of Acceptability, Effectiveness, and Satisfaction.

JMIR Ment Health 2018 Dec 14;5(4):e11467. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States.

Background: Many university campuses have limited mental health services that cannot cope with the high demand. One alternative is to use internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) as a way of tackling barriers such as lack of availability and scheduling issues.

Objective: This study aimed to assess feasibility, acceptability, effectiveness, and satisfaction of a supported iCBT intervention offering 3 programs on depression, anxiety, and stress to university students. Read More

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December 2018

Redesigning primary care in the safety net: A qualitative analysis of team-based care implementation.

Healthc (Amst) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of California San Francisco, Center for Vulnerable Populations, Division of General Internal Medicine, United States.

Background: Team-based care is an innovative approach to primary care in which groups of health care professionals work collaboratively to manage care for groups of patients. Safety-net organizations face specific barriers to implementing health care innovations. More research is needed that documents the dynamics that inform implementation and sustainment of innovative practices in the safety net. Read More

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December 2018

Candida albicans.

Authors:
Duncan Wilson

Trends Microbiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Medical Research Council Centre for Medical Mycology at the University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen Fungal Group, Institute of Medical Sciences, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, UK. Electronic address:

Pathogens often face zinc restriction due to the action of nutritional immunity - host processes which restrict microbial access to key micronutrients such as zinc and iron. Candida albicans scavenges environmental zinc via two pathways. The plasma membrane transporter Zrt2 is essential for zinc uptake and growth in acidic environments. Read More

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December 2018

Evolution of geographic variation in thermal performance curves in the face of climate change and implications for biotic interactions.

Curr Opin Insect Sci 2018 Oct 11;29:78-84. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Evolutionary Stress Ecology and Ecotoxicology, University of Leuven, Deberiotstraat 32, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

We review the recent literature on geographic variation in insect thermal performance curves (TPCs). Despite strong thermal differences, there is often no change in TPCs across geographic gradients. When shifts occur, these are mostly vertical (indicating an overall shift in performance across temperatures, that is, countergradient or cogradient variation) and less horizontal (reflecting thermal adaptation). Read More

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October 2018

Crop domestication: anthropogenic effects on insect-plant interactions in agroecosystems.

Curr Opin Insect Sci 2018 Oct 28;29:56-63. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Plant and Soil Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.

Although crop domestication is considered a model system for understanding evolution, the eco-evolutionary effects of domesticated crops on higher trophic levels have rarely been discussed. Changes in size, shape, quality, or timing of plant traits during domestication can influence entire arthropod communities. The plant traits specific to crop plants can be rare in nature. Read More

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October 2018
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Densonucleosis viruses ('densoviruses') for mosquito and pathogen control.

Curr Opin Insect Sci 2018 Aug 24;28:90-97. Epub 2018 May 24.

Molecular, Cellular, and Integrative Biosciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 United States; Department of Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 United States; Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 United States; Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 United States. Electronic address:

Mosquito specific viruses such as densonucleosis viruses ('densoviruses') have long been suggested as alternative mosquito control agents in the face of increasing insecticide resistance. Densoviruses are very species-specific and have been found to infect many important mosquito species. While some strains are highly pathogenic, other strains are more benign. Read More

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Prevalence, awareness, control and determinants of hypertension among primary health care professional nurses in Eastern Cape, South Africa.

Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med 2018 Nov 22;10(1):e1-e5. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Fort Hare.

Background:  Nurses in primary health care settings are key stakeholders in the diagnosis and management of hypertensive patients. Unfortunately, the working conditions of nurses predispose them to stress, long hours of work, shift duties and unhealthy diets, which are drivers of hypertension. Yet nurses are often overlooked in health screening exercises, primarily because they are assumed to be informed and 'healthy'. Read More

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November 2018

Microfluidic Preconcentration Chip with Self-Assembled Chemical Modified Surface for Trace Carbonyl Compounds Detection.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 13;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

R&D Center of HealthCare Electronics, Institute of Microelectronics of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China.

Carbonyl compounds in water sources are typical characteristic pollutants, which are important indicators in the health risk assessment of water quality. Commonly used analytical chemistry methods face issues such as complex operations, low sensitivity, and long analysis times. Here, we report a silicon microfluidic device based on click chemical surface modification that was engineered to achieve rapid, convenient and efficient capture of trace level carbonyl compounds in liquid solvent. Read More

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December 2018

Mitophagy protects SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells against the TNFα-induced inflammatory injury: Involvement of microRNA-145 and Bnip3.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 5;109:957-968. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Stomatology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, 100853, China. Electronic address:

Inflammatory response is involved in the development of facial neuritis. The aim of our study is to explore the role of mitophagy in facial nerve damage induced by tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα). Our results indicated that TNFα induced SH-SY5Y cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Read More

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January 2019

New fatty dihydropyridines present cardioprotective potential in H9c2 cardioblasts submitted to simulated ischemia and reperfusion.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 14;109:1532-1540. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Fisiológicas, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker dihydropyridine that has been used in the treatment of hypertension. The production of reactive species and calcium overload are the main contributors to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I / R) injury. We investigated the ability of novel dihydropyridines (DHPs) to improve the effect of protecting against the injury induced by ischemia and reperfusion in cardioblasts when compared to nifedipine. Read More

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January 2019

Pharmacogenomic assessment of herbal drugs in affective disorders.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 6;109:1148-1162. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Sunandan Divatia School of Science, NMIMS (Deemed-to-be University), Vile Parle (W), Mumbai, 400 056, Maharashtra, India. Electronic address:

Anxiety and depression, the most prevalent psychiatric disorders are co-morbid in nature affecting several people across the world. There is an increase in demand for complementary and alternative medicines, specifically herbal botanicals due to various side effects exhibited by conventional drugs. Herbal drugs mentioned in traditional medicines, face acceptance issues by the medical community due to lack of scientific data regarding their neurochemical pathways. Read More

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January 2019
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Masked ambiguity - Emotion identification in schizophrenia and major depressive disorder.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 28;270:852-860. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Psychology, Kawamura Gakuen Women's University, Faculty of Liberal Arts, 1133 Sageto, Abiko-city, Chiba 270-1138, Japan. Electronic address:

Both patients with schizophrenia and with a major depressive disorder (MDD) display deficits in identifying facial expressions of emotion during acute phases of their illness. However, specific deficit patterns have not yet been reliably demonstrated. Tasks that employ emotionally ambiguous stimuli have recently shown distinct deficit patterns in patients with schizophrenia compared to other mental disorders as well as healthy controls. Read More

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December 2018
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Dynamic Changes of Retinal Microaneurysms in Diabetes Imaged With In Vivo Adaptive Optics Optical Coherence Tomography.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Dec;59(15):5932-5940

Department of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: To prospectively monitor microaneurysms (MAs) in three dimensions using adaptive optics optical coherence tomography (AOOCT).

Methods: Patients with diabetes mellitus and parafoveal MAs were included in this longitudinal study. At baseline, MAs were identified in standard fluorescein angiography (FA) and subsequently imaged with an AOOCT prototype, incorporated into an AO fundus camera (RTX1, Imagine Eyes) device. Read More

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December 2018
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Measuring mental well-being in Denmark: Validation of the original and short version of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS and SWEMWBS) and cross-cultural comparison across four European settings.

Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 5;271:502-509. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

The Danish National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Studiestraede 6, 1455 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

This study examined the psychometric properties of the Danish WEMWBS and its short version (SWEMWBS) in a Danish population sample, and compared scores in Denmark with scores representative of three other European settings. A total of 3,508 Danish men and women aged 16-95 filled out an electronic survey. Face validity was examined by cognitive interviews. Read More

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December 2018

Advanced chemical peels: phenol-croton oil peel.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Dermatology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA.

Once considered the gold standard for deep facial resurfacing, the classical Baker-Gordon phenol-croton oil peel has largely been replaced by formulas with lower concentrations of phenol and croton oil. The improved safety profile of deep peels has ushered in a new era in chemical peeling. Wrinkles can be improved and skin tightened with more subtle and natural results. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Three-Dimensional Orofacial Changes Occurring After Proportional Condylectomy in Patients With Condylar Hyperplasia Type 1B (Unilateral Hemimandibular Elongation).

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department Head, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Affiliated to Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: To evaluate 3-dimensional orofacial changes that occurred after proportional condylectomy that was not followed by orthognathic surgery in patients with condylar hyperplasia type 1B (unilateral hemimandibular elongation).

Materials And Methods: This retrospective analysis used the medical records of 14 skeletally mature patients. Transverse, vertical, and horizontal cephalometric analyses of photographs and radiographs were undertaken. Read More

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November 2018
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Internet-based cognitive and behavioural therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 14;12:CD011710. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Hadyn Ellis Building, Maindy Road, Cardiff, UK, CF24 4HQ.

Background: Therapist-delivered trauma-focused psychological therapies are an effective treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These have become the accepted first-line treatments for the disorder. Despite the established evidence-base for these therapies, they are not always widely available or accessible. Read More

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December 2018

QUANTIFICATION OF CHOROIDAL VASCULATURE BY HIGH-QUALITY STRUCTURE EN FACE SWEPT-SOURCE OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IMAGES IN EYES WITH CENTRAL SEROUS CHORIORETINOPATHY.

Retina 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Women's Medical University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: To determine the density of the choroidal vasculature by high-quality structure en face optical coherence tomography (OCT) scanned at the same time as OCT angiography in eyes with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).

Methods: Thirty-five eyes of 30 patients with CSC (20 men and 10 women; average age, 48.4 years) were studied. Read More

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December 2018
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NO FACE-DOWN POSITIONING SURGERY FOR THE REPAIR OF CHRONIC IDIOPATHIC MACULAR HOLES.

Retina 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Purpose: To report visual and anatomical outcomes after the repair of chronic idiopathic macular holes (MHs) with no face-down positioning.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of chronic MH cases of greater than 1-year duration that were repaired through pars plana vitrectomy with broad internal limiting membrane peeling and no face-down positioning between March 2009 and December 2017. There were 18 eyes of 18 patients that met inclusion criteria. Read More

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December 2018
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Benefit of Mohs Micrographic Surgery Over Wide Local Excision for Melanoma of the Head and Neck: A Rational Approach to Treatment.

Dermatol Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

All authors are affiliated with the Department of Dermatology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Background: There are limited published data comparing wide local excision (WLE) with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) for the treatment of melanoma.

Objective: To describe a novel treatment algorithm for the surgical management of head and neck melanoma and compare rates of local recurrence for tumors treated with either MMS using immunohistochemistry or WLE.

Materials And Methods: A 10-year retrospective chart review including all in situ and invasive melanomas of the head and neck treated at one institution from January 2004 to June 2013. Read More

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December 2018
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Clinical Evaluations of a Novel Thread Lifting Regimen Using Barbed Polyglyconate Suture for Facial Rejuvenation: Analysis Using a 3-Dimensional Imaging System.

Dermatol Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Oaro Dermatology Clinic, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Thread lifting with absorbable sutures has recently gained prominence for rejuvenating ptotic and sagging soft tissues in aging face. A barbed, delayed absorbable polyglyconate monofilament shows significantly high tensile loads with superior flexibility and elasticity.

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of novel thread lifting regimen with barbed polyglyconate suture for counteracting the descent and laxity of the aging face. Read More

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December 2018
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Ocular Considerations in Face Transplantation: Report of 2 Cases and Review of the Literature.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

The Hansjörg Wyss Department of Plastic Surgery and.

Purpose: Periorbital injuries are common in face transplantation (FT) candidates. It is therefore essential that the ophthalmologist play a central role in the multidisciplinary treatment of these patients. In this study, the authors perform a comprehensive review of all procedures involving periorbital components, provide an update for the ophthalmology community regarding the current state of the field, and present 2 cases. Read More

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December 2018
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Eye Tracking as a Proxy for Perceptual Evaluation of Repaired Cleft Lip.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

UT Southwestern Medical Center.

Human interactions begin with near-instantaneous visual evaluation of the face, modifying emotional responses and social behavior toward the person. Eye-tracking technology can provide a potential window into how humans undertake this evaluation, and the threshold of whether a face containing a craniofacial difference is perceived as "normal." This study's main questions were whether gaze patterns differ from normal when evaluating children with craniofacial differences, and whether these gaze patterns vary with different levels of craniofacial deformity. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Autologous Fat Injection for the Correction of Facial Depression Resulting From Silent Sinus Syndrome.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

The case of a 59-year-old woman who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for right maxillary sinusitis 5 years before visiting our otorhinolaryngologic department complaining of right-sided facial depression was described in this study. Computed tomography (CT) scans revealed right facial depression and retraction of the orbital floor due to a hypoplastic right maxillary sinus. Symptoms and CT findings corresponded with silent sinus syndrome. Read More

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December 2018

Nonexpanded Prefabricated Anterior Perforator of Transverse Cervical Artery Flap for Full Facial Reconstruction.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), Hubei, China.

Background: Prefabricated flap is an important technique to reconstruct facial skin defects. There is no any procedure for full facial reconstruction, and we are the first one to accomplish it.

Methods: Instead of the traditional supraclavicular island flap, we choose nonexpanded flap pedicled by the anterior perforator of transverse cervical artery (ap-TCA) to repair the whole facial deformity. Read More

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December 2018
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Radical Surgery for Head and Neck Rhabdomyosarcoma Failed Primary Chemotherapy.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Head and Neck Oncology, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai, China.

Objective: The aim of the study was to explore an optimal surgery way for head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma (HNRMS) children who have failed primary chemotherapy.

Methods: A total of 51 HNRMS children who have failed primary chemotherapy were retrospectively analyzed from April 2005 to May 2017. Surgery was performed in 2 ways, widely radical resection (22 patients) and conservative resection (29 patients). Read More

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December 2018

Impact of High Fat Diet on Vasoconstrictor Reactivity of White and Brown Adipose Tissue Resistance Arteries.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Internal Medicine-Division of Geriatrics, University of Utah, United States.

Blood flow regulation is a critical factor for tissue oxygenation and substrate supply. Increased reactivity of arteries to vasoconstrictors may increase vascular resistance, resulting in reduced blood flow. Here, we aimed to investigate the effect of high fat (HF) diet on stiffness and vasoconstrictor reactivity of white and brown adipose tissue (WAT and BAT) resistance arteries and also investigated the interconversion of both the adipose depots during HF diet condition. Read More

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December 2018

Perceiver and target characteristics contribute to impression formation differently across race and gender.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology.

Social impressions arise from characteristics of both perceivers and targets. However, empirical research in the domain of impression formation has yet to quantify the extent to which perceiver and target characteristics uniquely contribute to impressions across group boundaries (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Preference for attractive faces is species-specific.

J Comp Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Universite Grenoble Alpes.

Studies on facial attractiveness in human adults, infants, and newborns have consistently reported a visual preference for faces rated as attractive compared with faces rated as unattractive. Biological accounts of facial attractiveness have typically presented such preferences as arising from adaptations for mate choice or as by-products of general sensory bias. In this cross-species study, we examined whether explicit ratings of attractiveness made by human judges would predict implicit visual preferences in other humans and also in rhesus macaques and, if they do, whether such preferences would extend beyond conspecific faces. Read More

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December 2018

[Metastases of cervical cancer to the nasal cavity and paranasal sinus with maxillofacial symptoms: a case report].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1832-1833

A 41 year old female complained of left eyelid, cheek and face erythema, swelling with pain for 7 days. She was diagnosed with cervical squamous cell carcinoma, stage ⅢA a year ago. The anterior rhinoscopy examination showed that the dry scab adheres to the left nasal cavity, and a small amount of reddish mass were found, and the touch was brittle. Read More

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December 2018

[Functional parotid surgery for removal of benign parotid tumors].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(23):1810-1812

Department of Stomatology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University.

To evaluate the effect of the application of functional parotid surgery for removal of benign parotid tumors and the prevention of Frey syndrome. One hundred and fifty-six cases with benign tumor were underwent functional regional parotidectomy. All tumors were smaller than 4 cm in diameter. Read More

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December 2018
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[Research progress of biologics in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis].

Authors:
Y Liu F Yuan

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Oct;32(19):1515-1518

Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory disease of the nasal airways and paranasal sinuses. The condition is defined by more than 12 weeks of nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, facial pain/pressure, and reduced/lost smell. CRS is commonly further classified into 2 subsets based on its clinical phenotype: those with polyps (CRSwNP) and those without (CRSsNP). Read More

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October 2018

[An endoscopic-assisted technique for the enlarged middle cranial fossa approach to the petroclival region: an anatomic study].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;32(24):1882-1885

Zhuhai Campus of Zunyi Medical University, Zhuhai, 519041, China.

Through the observation and measurement of the adjacent anatomical structures exposed by the pure microscope and endoscopic-assisted technique for the enlarged middle cranial fossa approach to the petroclival region, quantitative compare the advantages of endoscopic-assisted technique and the pure microscope exposure. The enlarged middle cranial fossa approach was performed on 10 cases (20 sides) fresh adult cadaveric head specimens in which the vessels were injected with colored silicone. At the end of every enlarged middle cranial fossa approachs, endoscope assisted technique was applied. Read More

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December 2018