13,278 results match your criteria Facial Nerve Anatomy


3 T - MRI improves intrameatal cranial nerve detection in CI-candidates.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 19:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

d Department of Otolaryngology , Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universitat Munchen Hals-Nasen-Ohren Klinik und Poliklinik , Munchen , Germany.

Background: Cochlear implantation meanwhile is a well established standard therapy in different forms of hearing loss in most ages. Clear depiction of the cochleovestibular anatomy and the cochlear nerve are very important for indication and effectiveness of cochlear implantation. Aim/objectives: Therefore the question raises whether Highfield MRI improves precision of preoperative diagnostic imaging especially along the the intrameatal portion of the vestibulocochlear nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2019.1571281DOI Listing

Facial Nerve Trauma: Clinical Evaluation and Management Strategies.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

The field of facial paralysis requires the reconstructive surgeon to apply a wide spectrum of reconstructive and aesthetic principles utilizing a comprehensive array of surgical tools, including microsurgery, peripheral nerve surgery, and aesthetic facial surgery on the road to optimize patient outcomes. The distinct deficits created by different anatomic levels of facial nerve injury require a fundamental understanding of facial nerve anatomy. Palsy duration, followed by location and mechanism, will determine mimetic muscle salvageability, either via direct repair, grafting, or nerve transfers, while longer palsy durations will necessitate introducing a new neuromuscular unit, whether by muscle transfer or free functional muscle transplant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005572DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Communication between the transverse cervical nerve (C2,3) and marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve: a cadaveric and clinical study.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Anatomy, King's College London, Hodgkin Building, London SE1 1UL, UK.

Several branches of the facial nerve are known to anastomose with branches of the cervical plexus, other cranial nerves, and the trigeminal nerve. Communication between the sensory transverse cervical nerve (C2, 3) and marginal mandibular nerve is, however, less well known, and in a previous study of 86 neck dissections we reported a 2.3% incidence of anastomoses between them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2018.10.289DOI Listing
February 2019

Adenoid cystic carcinoma presenting with bilateral orbital extension from the soft palate.

Digit J Ophthalmol 2018 18;24(1):1-5. Epub 2018 Feb 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare neoplasm of secretory epithelium that most commonly occurs in the fifth and sixth decades of life. It is characterized by high recurrence rates and poor response to chemotherapy, In the orbit, ACC usually presents as a lacrimal gland mass. We describe the rare case of a 70-year-old woman who presented with pain during mastication and bilateral facial numbness in the cranial nerve V2 distribution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5693/djo.02.2018.01.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380254PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Vagus nerve stimulation for primary headache disorders: An anatomical review to explain a clinical phenomenon.

Cephalalgia 2019 Feb 20:333102419833076. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

4 Department of Anesthesiology, Pain and Palliative Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Background: Non-invasive stimulation of the vagus nerve has been proposed as a new neuromodulation therapy to treat primary headache disorders, as the vagus nerve is hypothesized to modulate the headache pain pathways in the brain. Vagus nerve stimulation can be performed by placing an electrode on the ear to stimulate the tragus nerve, which contains about 1% of the vagus fibers. Non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation (nVNS) conventionally refers to stimulation of the cervical branch of the vagus nerve, which is made up entirely of vagal nerve fibers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102419833076DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Anatomical study of the masseteric and obturator nerves: Application to face transplant and reanimation procedures.

Clin Anat 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Anatomy and Embryology, School of Medicine. Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: The masseteric nerve (MN) and the anterior branch of the obturator nerve (ON) that innervate the transferred gracilis muscle have proved highly efficient for reanimating paralyzed facial muscles when muscle-transfer is required. Previous researchers have published the total axonal load for myelinated fibers in both nerves. However, the real motor axonal load has not been established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23357DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Unusual and multiple variations of head and neck veins: a case report.

Surg Radiol Anat 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Anatomy, JIPMER, Puducherry, India.

We report an unusual and multiple variation involving the right head and neck veins which were found during routine dissection in a 50-year-old male cadaver, facial vein draining into both external and internal jugular veins, fenestration in external jugular vein transmitting the supraclavicular nerve trunk, the anterior division of the retromandibular vein draining into anterior jugular vein and the absence of the common facial vein. The knowledge about these variations is important during various surgical and diagnostic procedures involving head and neck region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-019-02203-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Reconstruction of the temporomandibular joint: a comparison between prefabricated and customized alloplastic prosthetic total joint systems.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Maxillofacial and Facial Plastic Surgery, Central Medical Center Bremen, Germany.

The implantation of an alloplastic total temporomandibular joint (TMJ) prosthesis is an innovative approach for the treatment of end-stage TMJ disorders. Two types of system exist: prefabricated (stock) and customized computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) devices. A clinical study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of these two designs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The Great Auricular Nerve: Anatomical Study with Application to Nerve Grafting Procedures.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Seattle Science Foundation, Seattle, Washington, USA; Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University, St. George's, Grenada.

Background: When it comes to autogenous nerve grafting, the sural and great auricular nerve (GAN) are the 2 nerves predominately used for trigeminal and facial nerve repair. Arising from the second and third cervical ventral rami, the GAN emerges from the posterior border of the sternocleidomastoid coursing superiorly and anteriorly toward the ear.

Methods: Eleven sides from 5 Caucasian and 1 Asian cadaveric heads (all fresh-frozen) were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.087DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Ramsay Hunt syndrome with pontine lesion: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(5):e14260

Department of Neurological Function Examination.

Rationale: The coexistence of Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) encephalitis is rare. A patient who developed RHS after being infected with VZV, along with a pontine lesion, is reported in the present study.

Patient Concerns: A 41-year-old male patient presented with his mouth askew for 7 days, and dizziness, accompanied by hearing loss for 3 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014260DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380842PMC
February 2019
3 Reads
5.723 Impact Factor

TrkB expression and dependence divides gustatory neurons into three subpopulations.

Neural Dev 2019 01 28;14(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Anatomical Sciences and Neurobiology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, 511 S. Floyd St., MDR Building Room 111, Louisville, KY, 40202, USA.

Background: During development, gustatory (taste) neurons likely undergo numerous changes in morphology and expression prior to differentiation into maturity, but little is known this process or the factors that regulate it. Neuron differentiation is likely regulated by a combination of transcription and growth factors. Embryonically, most geniculate neuron development is regulated by the growth factor brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13064-019-0127-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350382PMC
January 2019
3.453 Impact Factor

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx in a child: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(4):e14223

Department of Radiology, Shenzhen Children's Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

Rationale: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are rare neoplasms with only a few reported cases affecting the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and anterior skull base.

Patient Concerns: A 12-year-old girl with a mass in her nose was admitted to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Shenzhen Children's Hospital. She had a 4-month history of progressive, unilateral right nasal obstruction, unilateral mucopurulent rhinorrhea, foul nasal odor, snoring, hyposmia, occasional epistaxis, and no headache, no facial numbness, without eye swelling and vision loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014223DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358413PMC
January 2019
7 Reads
5.723 Impact Factor

Adipose fin development and its relation to the evolutionary origins of median fins.

Sci Rep 2019 Jan 24;9(1):512. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, The University of Chicago, 1027 E. 57th St, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.

The dorsal, anal and caudal fins of vertebrates are proposed to have originated by the partitioning and transformation of the continuous median fin fold that is plesiomorphic to chordates. Evaluating this hypothesis has been challenging, because it is unclear how the median fin fold relates to the adult median fins of vertebrates. To understand how new median fins originate, here we study the development and diversity of adipose fins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-37040-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346007PMC
January 2019

Surgical anatomy of ovine facial and hypoglossal nerves for facial nerve reconstruction and regeneration research: An experimental study in sheep.

Microsurgery 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.

Background: The lack of a clinically relevant animal model for facial nerve research is a challenge. The goal of this study was to investigate the anatomy of the ovine facial and hypoglossal nerves to establish a clinically relevant facial nerve research model.

Materials And Methods: Six cadaver female Merino sheep (33. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/micr.30405
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/micr.30405DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

A new method for tracing the facial nerve trunk using the posterior auricular nerve.

Clin Anat 2019 Apr 5;32(3):453-457. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Tracing the facial nerve trunk is an essential action in parotid surgery, because of the implications of injury to the nerve or its branches. More than a few landmarks that may help the surgeon in this task have been proposed (e.g. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ca.23338
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23338DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Anatomical study of the zygomatic and buccal branches of the facial nerve: Application to facial reanimation procedures.

Clin Anat 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Hand Surgery, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

The facial nerve is responsible for any facial expression channeling human emotions. Facial paralysis causes asymmetry, lagophthalmus, oral incontinence, and social limitations. Facial dynamics may be re-established with cross-face-nerve-grafts (CFNG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23332DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Variation of the Great Auricular Nerve and Prediction of the Facial Nerve Trunk Size.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Dec 17;6(12):e2000. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Anatomy, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Royal Thai Army, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: This study aimed to reveal the anatomical variation in the great auricular nerve (GAN) and the correlation between the size of the GAN and the facial nerve trunk (FNT), so as to aid surgeons to perform safe facelift surgery and parotidectomy.

Methods: Sixteen human cadavers were studied on 16 left and 15 right facial sides. The GAN's branching patterns, location, and the mean width of the GAN and FNT were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326598PMC
December 2018
7 Reads

Results of cystadenolymphoma treatment of superficial parotid gland.

Otolaryngol Pol 2018 Sep;72(6):23-30

Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu Klinika Otolaryngologii i Laryngologii Onkologicznej z Pododdziałem Audiologii i Foniatrii.

Introduction Warthin's tumor is a non-malignant tumor that occurs in major salivary glands. Diagnostics include an interview and physical examination as well as additional tests - ultrasonography, magnetic resonance tomography, fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Surgical tumor resection remains the method of treatment, the scope of which includes techniques from extracapsular tumor resection to a full range of parotidectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0012.4667DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Changes in the Layers of the Temple During Pinch Manipulation: Implications for Thread Lifting.

Dermatol Surg 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Anatomy, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Background: During minimally invasive aesthetic procedures, the skin is often pinched to facilitate filler injection or thread insertion into the desired layer. However, little is known about changes in the facial layers during pinch manipulation.

Objective: To determine which layer of the temple is lifted during pinching and whether the artery and the nerve are affected by pinching. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DSS.0000000000001758DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

A Combined Extradural-Intradural Technique for an En Bloc Anterior Petrosectomy: A Cadaveric Feasibility Study.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Skull Base and Cerebrovascular Laboratory, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA; Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: The anterior petrosectomy approach is among the most popular for exposure of the petroclival region. However, the complexity of the anatomy, drilling time required, and risk of injury to neurovascular structures have made this procedure especially challenging. We have proposed a novel combined extradural-intradural technique for en bloc anterior petrosectomy-or one-piece Kawase-and have charted the landmarks that define its surgical boundaries. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183291
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.089DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Morphological analysis of sigmoid sinus anatomy: clinical applications to neurotological surgery.

J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Jan 11;48(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Western University, London, Ontario, N6A 5C1, Canada.

Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to use high-resolution micro-CT images to create accurate three-dimensional (3D) models of several intratemporal structures, and to compare several surgically important dimensions within the temporal bone. The secondary objective was to create a statistical shape model (SSM) of a dominant and non-dominant sigmoid sinus (SS) to provide a template for automated segmentation algorithms.

Methods: A free image processing software, 3D Slicer, was utilized to create three-dimensional reconstructions of the SS, jugular bulb (JB), facial nerve (FN), and external auditory canal (EAC) from micro-CT scans. Read More

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https://journalotohns.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40463-019-0324-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329078PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

Electroacupuncture promotes peripheral nerve regeneration after facial nerve crush injury and upregulates the expression of glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor.

Neural Regen Res 2019 Apr;14(4):673-682

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan Province, China.

The efficacy of electroacupuncture in the treatment of peripheral facial paralysis is known, but the specific mechanism has not been clarified. Glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has been shown to protect neurons by binding to N-cadherin. Our previous results have shown that electroacupuncture could increase the expression of N-cadherin mRNA in facial neurons and promote facial nerve regeneration. Read More

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http://www.nrronline.org/text.asp?2019/14/4/673/247471
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.247471DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352598PMC
April 2019
7 Reads

The emerging role of cranial nerves in shaping craniofacial development.

Genesis 2019 01;57(1):e23282

Program in Craniofacial Biology, Department of Cell and Tissue Biology, University of California, San Francisco, California.

Organs and structures of the vertebrate head perform a plethora of tasks including visualization, digestion, vocalization/communication, auditory functions, and respiration in response to neuronal input. This input is primarily derived from afferent and efferent fibers of the cranial nerves (sensory and motor respectively) and efferent fibers of the cervical sympathetic trunk. Despite their essential contribution to the function and integration of processes necessary for survival, how organ innervation is established remains poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dvg.23282DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of 3D Printed Temporal Bone Models in Preparation for Middle Cranial Fossa Surgery.

Otol Neurotol 2019 Feb;40(2):246-253

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Hypothesis: Patient-specific 3D printed models are useful presurgical planning tools because they accurately represent the anatomy and drilling characteristics of the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach to the internal auditory canal (IAC).

Background: The MCF approach to the IAC can be challenging due to variability of the bony architecture along the floor of the middle fossa. Patient-specific 3D printed models may enhance surgeon knowledge of a given patient's anatomy when preparing for MCF surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000002073DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Understanding Anatomy of the Petrous Pyramid-A New Compartmental Approach.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 5. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Anatomy, University of Lyon 1, Lyon, France; Skull Base Multi-disciplinary Unit, Department of Neurosurgery B, Neurological Hospital Pierre Wertheimer, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon Cedex, France.

Background: Learning surgical anatomy of the petrous pyramid can be a challenge, especially in the beginning of the training process. Providing an easier, holistic approach can be of help to everyone with interest in learning and teaching skull base anatomy. We present the complex organization of petrous pyramid anatomy using a new compartmental approach that is simple to understand and remember. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183279
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.234DOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Vascular and Nerve Relations of the Marginal Mandibular Nerve of the Face: Anatomy and Clinical Relevance.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Mar;143(3):888-899

Villeneuve Saint-Georges, Clichy, and Paris, France; and Genoa, Italy From the Service de chirurgie maxillofaciale-chirurgie plastique, Centre hospitalier intercommunal; Service de chirurgie maxillofaciale; URDIA, Université Paris Descartes; and Plastic Surgery.

Background: The marginal mandibular nerve of the facial nerve is frequently injured during corrective and cosmetic surgery. Recent or emerging techniques such as the injection of filler materials, botulinum toxin, allotransplantation of composite tissues of the face, placement of chin implants, and submental cryolipolysis require in-depth knowledge of this nerve. The studies to date are not in agreement regarding the number of branches of the marginal mandibular nerve and its relationship with the vasculature and other nerves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005360DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Facial Paralysis Following Core Needle Biopsy of a Deep Lobe Parotid Tumor: A Case Report.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019 Apr 2;128(4):357-359. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

1 Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.

Objectives:: To report a case of total facial paralysis as the result of a core needle biopsy.

Methods:: Case report and literature review.

Results:: A 70-year-old man was diagnosed with a deep lobe parotid tumor on computed tomography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489418820886DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Two synchronous congenital neck masses with facial nerve weakness.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 31;117:45-47. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, USA; Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, USA.

Objective: To describe a case of a complex neck mass with final pathology significant for two synchronous lesions, a type 1 branchial cleft cyst and an enteric duplication cyst, and to discuss its management given the unique presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.10.041DOI Listing
February 2019

Three-dimensional imaging of the human internal acoustic canal and arachnoid cistern: a synchrotron study with clinical implications.

J Anat 2019 Mar 18;234(3):316-326. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of Otolaryngology, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.

A thorough knowledge of the gross and micro-anatomy of the human internal acoustic canal (IAC) is essential in vestibular schwannoma removal, cochlear implantation (CI) surgery, vestibular nerve section, and decompression procedures. Here, we analyzed the acoustic-facial cistern of the human IAC, including nerves and anastomoses using synchrotron phase contrast imaging (SR-PCI). A total of 26 fresh human temporal bones underwent SR-PCI. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/joa.12926
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joa.12926DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365480PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Sensory Restoration of the Facial Region.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN.

Normal sensitivity of the face is very important for preserving its integrity and function as an efferent source of information for the brain. The trigeminal nerve, which is the largest cranial nerve, conducts most of facial sensory function through its 3 branches: the ophthalmic nerve (V1), the maxillary nerve (V2), and the mandibular nerve (V3). The trigeminal nerve may be damaged by a variety of etiologies including inflammatory disorders, brain tumor resection, trauma, iatrogenic injury, or congenital anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001635DOI Listing
December 2018
12 Reads

Morphometric properties of the facial nerve in fetal temporal bones.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 10;116:7-14. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Mersin, Turkey.

Objectives: The main aim of the study was to examine the development and course of the facial nerve within fetal temporal bones from an anatomical and neuro-otological perspective.

Methods: The study was conducted on 32 temporal bones from obtained fetuses (7 females, 9 male), on a mean gestational age of 26.75 ± 4. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876183051
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.10.012DOI Listing
January 2019
14 Reads

Dual Convergence of Facial Nerve Branches Innervating Whisker Pad in Rats.

Curr Med Sci 2018 Dec 7;38(6):982-988. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Otolaryngology, Wuhan Hospital of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine (Wuhan No. 1 Hospital), Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.

The precise anatomy of the facial nerve branches innervating rat whisker pad and the distribution of their corresponding motor neurons in facial nucleus area were investigated. The extratemporal facial nerves of 6 rats were anatomically observed under a surgical microscope, and then the nerve specimens of facial nerve branches at 7 anatomical sites were taken and examined for the axons and myelin sheath using Luxol fast blue staining. The distribution of facial motor neurons innervating the facial branches was observed in 12 rats by retrograde labelling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11596-018-1973-3DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Unconventional Facial Entry Points Confirmed Using a 3D CT Reconstruction-Guided Stereotactic Approach to Radiofrequency Thermocoagulation for the Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Series of Case Reports.

Pain Med 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Neurosurgery.

Objectives: Patients with trigeminal neuralgia who are refractory to medical therapy may choose to undergo Gasserian ganglion percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation. However, in cases where the foramen ovale is difficult to access due to various anatomical anomalies, the typical estimation of the facial entry point is suboptimal.

Methods: Three-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction imaging performed before surgery revealed anatomical variations in each of the four adult patient cases that made it more difficult to successfully access the foramen ovale (FO) for percutaneous radiofrequency thermocoagulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pm/pny262DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Recurring as Neurolymphomatosis on FDG PET/CT.

Clin Nucl Med 2019 Feb;44(2):145-147

From the Nuclear Medicine, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Two patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma relapsing as neurolymphomatosis diagnosed on FDG PET/CT are presented. Both patients were treated initially with chemotherapy and had a complete metabolic response. Patient 1 represented with lower-limb pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002388DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Masseter-to-Facial Nerve Transfer for Reanimation of a Patient With Long-Term Facial Paralysis.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Jan;30(1):e43-e45

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain.

Facial paralysis is a condition caused by a wide variety of etiologies, including neurologic, congenital, infectious, neoplastic, systemic, and iatrogenic causes. A patient suffering from long-term facial paralysis, with minimal innervation detected through electroneurography, who was successfully reanimated by performing a masseter-to-facial nerve transfer, was presented in this study. Facial paralysis had been caused after resection of an acquired middle ear cholesteatoma more than 5 years before. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004957DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Extended Retrosigmoid Approach for the Resection of a Pontomedullary Junction Cavernous Malformation.

J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2018 Dec 25;79(Suppl 5):S418-S419. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States.

 To describe an extended retrosigmoid approach for the resection of a cavernoma involving the ponto-medullary junction, with emphasis on the microsurgical anatomy and technique.  A retrosigmoid craniotomy is performed in the lateral decubitus position and the sigmoid sinus exposed. After opening the dura, sutures are placed medial to the sinus to allow its gentle mobilization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1669979DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240420PMC
December 2018
17 Reads

Assessment of Middle Ear Anatomy Teaching Methodologies Using Microscopy versus Endoscopy: A Randomized Comparative Study.

Anat Sci Educ 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Inselspital, University Hospital and University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Teaching methodologies for the anatomy of the middle ear have not been investigated greatly due to the middle ear's highly complex structure and hidden location inside of the temporal bone. The aim of this randomized study was to quantitatively compare the suitability of using microscope- and endoscope-based methods for teaching the anatomy of the middle ear. We hypothesize that the endoscopic approach will be more efficient compared to the microscopic approach. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ase.1837
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ase.1837DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Axon numbers and landmarks of trigeminal donor nerves for corneal neurotization.

PLoS One 2018 31;13(10):e0206642. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: Corneal anesthesia leads to chronic corneal injury. This anatomical study characterizes the donor nerve branches of the supratrochlear and supraorbital nerves used for corneal neurotization.

Methods: In 13 non-embalmed cadavers, the supratrochlear and supraorbital nerves were dissected and distances to anatomical landmarks measured. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0206642PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6209308PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

The clinical and imaging features of hypertrophic pachymeningitis: a clinical analysis on 22 patients.

Neurol Sci 2019 Feb 30;40(2):269-274. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Neurology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, 221002, China.

Objective: To explore the clinical and imaging features of patients with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis (HCP).

Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 22 patients with HCP diagnosed at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from February 2014 to September 2017.

Results: A headache was present as an initial symptom in 18 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-018-3619-4DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
1.500 Impact Factor

A comparative retrospective study: hypoglossofacial versus masseterofacial nerve anastomosis using Sunnybrook facial grading system.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 30;276(1):209-216. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Otolaryngology, Facial Plastic and Cervicofacial Surgery, Edouard Herriot Hospital, 5 place d'Arsonval, 69437, Lyon Cedex 03, France.

Introduction: The aim of our study is to compare the functional results between two surgical techniques for reanimation of facial paralysis: hypoglossal-to-facial versus masseteric-to-facial nerve anastomosis.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of 13 patients treated for complete facial paralysis in two medical tertiary centers. The patients were classified into two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-5186-yDOI Listing
January 2019

Fetal anatomy of the facial nerve trunk and its relationship with posterior auricular artery.

Surg Radiol Anat 2019 Feb 26;41(2):153-159. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin, Turkey.

Purpose: The aims of the study are to define anatomy of the facial nerve (FN) and its main trunks as well as their relationship with the posterior auricular artery in fetal period to evaluate the data for regional surgery in newborns and young infants.

Methods: Formalin-fixed 34 fetuses from anatomy laboratory collection with a mean gestational age of 26.4 ± 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-018-2126-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Lactate Transporter Monocarboxylate Transporter 4 Induces Bone Pain in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Oct 25;19(11). Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8525, Japan.

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) poses a significant challenge clinically, as it can invade facial bones and cause bone pain that is undertreated and poorly understood. Here we studied HNSCC bone pain (HNSCC-BP) in an intratibial mouse xenograft model that uses a human HNSCC cell line (SAS cells). These mice develop HNSCC-BP associated with an upregulation of phosphorylated ERK1/2 (pERK1/2), which is a molecular indicator of neuron excitation in the dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) of sensory nerve cell bodies. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/19/11/3317
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms19113317DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6274991PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

Pediatric glossopharyngeal neuralgia: a comprehensive review.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Mar 25;35(3):395-402. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University, St. George, Grenada.

Introduction: Debilitating facial pain can seriously affect an individual's daily living. Given that the pathophysiology behind neuropathic and myofascial pain is not fully understood, when chronic facial pain goes undiagnosed, it has been proposed that one of the two is the likely cause. Since their discovery, glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GN) and Eagle's syndrome have been considered mostly conditions afflicting the adult population. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00381-018-3995-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3995-3DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

Sarcoid uveitis in a patient with multiple neurological lesions: a case report and review of the literature.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Oct 23;12(1):307. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual science, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 236-0004, Japan.

Background: Neurosarcoidosis is a rare complication, and cranial neuropathy is the most frequent manifestation of this disease. However, few cohesive reports have discussed multiple cranial neuropathies in Japanese patients with sarcoidosis. The present report discusses the case of a patient with sarcoid uveitis and multiple neurological findings. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1842-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198507PMC
October 2018
14 Reads

Dental malocclusion stimulates neuromuscular circuits associated with temporomandibular disorders.

Eur J Oral Sci 2018 12 20;126(6):466-475. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Shaanxi International Joint Research Center for Oral Diseases, Department of Oral Anatomy and Physiology, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.

Unilateral anterior crossbite (UAC) has been demonstrated to cause masseter hyperactivity via the periodontal trigeminal mesencephalic nucleus (Vme)-trigeminal motor nucleus circuit. Here, we studied activation of motor neurons of the facial nucleus (VII), hypoglossal nucleus (XII), nucleus ambiguus (Amb), and spinal nucleus of the accessory nerve (SNA) in rats with UAC via their similar connections with Vme. An anterograde tracer, biotinylated dextran amine (BDA), was injected into the Vme to identify the central axon terminals around the motor neurons of VII, XII, Amb, and SNA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eos.12579DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Meckel Cave Epidermoid Cyst Presenting as Multiple Cranial Nerve Deficits Due to Indirect Tumoral Compression of the Cavernous Sinus: A Case Report and Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 9;121:88-94. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Section of Neurosurgery, Carilion Clinic, Roanoke, Virginia, USA; Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Roanoke, Virginia, USA; Virginia Tech School of Neuroscience, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Epidermoid cysts in Meckel cave are exceedingly rare. Since 1971, only 17 cases have been reported in the literature, with most patients presenting with trigeminal hypesthesia. However, outgrowth of these lesions from Meckel cave can rarely lead to compression of the proximate cavernous sinus and the neurovascular structures contained within. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.206DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads