907 results match your criteria Facelift Anatomy


External Approach to Buccal Fat Excision in Facelift: Anatomy and Technique.

Aesthet Surg J 2020 Jan 22. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH.

Background: Masculinization of the face is a common finding in facelift patients. It is attributed to deflation and decent of the midface-jowls coupled with skin laxity. Fullness is evident lateral to the jowl in small percentage due to prominent buccal fat pad. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjaa015DOI Listing
January 2020

Facial Nerve Danger Zones.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 01;145(1):99-102

Miami, Fla.; and Dallas, Texas From Department of Plastic Surgery, University Of Miami School of Medicine; and the Dallas Plastic Surgery Institute.

Facial nerve injury is one of the most feared complications in surgical rejuvenation of the aging face. Understanding the three-dimensional architecture of the facial soft tissue, the fascial planes that exist within this architectural arrangement, and the danger zones where the facial nerve is situated superficial and adjacent to the planes of dissection commonly used in face-lift techniques, are the keys to safety in preventing motor branch injury. The two-dimensional branching patterns of the marginal and cervical branches of the facial nerve are variable, making it difficult to ascertain exact nerve location when dissecting within the cheek and neck. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000006401DOI Listing
January 2020

New Insights into the Three-Dimensional Anatomy of the Facial Mimetic Muscles Related to the Nasolabial Fold: An Iodine Staining Technique Based on Nano-computed Tomography (Discussion).

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2020 02 10;44(1):87-88. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Division of Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Lurie Childrens Hospital of the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 225 E. Chicago Ave., Box 93, Chicago, IL, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-019-01555-7DOI Listing
February 2020

Hidden Preauricular Sinus as a Cause of Persistent Infection After Facelift.

J Craniofac Surg 2020 Jan/Feb;31(1):269-270

Department of Pathology, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan-si, Korea.

The facelift is one of the most popular cosmetic surgery methods of antiaging. There are many complications in facelift, but infections rarely occur relatively. The authors would like to introduce a patient who developed infection after a facelift procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000006056DOI Listing

The Facial Fat Compartments Revisited: Clinical Relevance to Subcutaneous Dissection and Facial Deflation in Face Lifting.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 11;144(5):1070-1078

Miami, Fla.; and Dallas, Texas From the Institute of Aesthetic Medicine and the Dallas Plastic Surgery Institute.

The facial fat compartments were described over a decade ago, but their clinical relevance to both deflation and techniques in facial rejuvenation is underappreciated. Although much of the literature following their description has focused on further anatomical elucidation of compartment anatomy, clinical relevance has focused on volumetric compartment augmentation. From the authors' perspective, understanding compartmentalization of facial fat provides an anatomical roadmap of the facial subcutaneous plane and a patient-specific guide for the degree of skin flap dissection in facial rejuvenation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000006181DOI Listing
November 2019
2.993 Impact Factor

The Graduated Approach to Surgical Neck Contouring.

Facial Plast Surg 2019 Oct 22;35(5):516-524. Epub 2019 Oct 22.

Department of Facial Plastic Surgery, Meridian Plastic Surgery Center, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Achieving a more youthful neckline is one of the most common reasons why patients seek facial plastic surgery. A variety of treatment options are available to contour the neck, ranging from injectable medications to minimally invasive energy devices to surgery. A spectrum of surgical procedures can be offered to contour the neck, including liposuction, submentoplasty, necklift, and facelift, all with or without implants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1696655DOI Listing
October 2019

Platysmaplasty: Is it Possible to Pull the Platysma Effectively in the Medial or Lateral Direction?

J Craniofac Surg 2020 Jan/Feb;31(1):303-305

Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon.

The aim of this study was to investigate whether it is possible to pull the platysma effectively in the medial or lateral direction (medial platysmaplasty and lateral platysmaplasty) and to explore the anatomical basis of those findings.Six hemifaces from 3 fresh cadavers were dissected. After skin removal, the platysma was pulled upward and in the medial or lateral direction with the ulnar side of the palm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005914DOI Listing

Getting Better Results in Facelifting.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2019 Jun 27;7(6):e2270. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill.

The facelift has significantly evolved over the past several decades. What was once considered a skin only operation is now a sophisticated, elegant procedure that requires meticulous preoperative analysis, understanding of underlying anatomically based aging changes, and extreme attention to detail. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, 125,697 facelifts were performed in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6635200PMC

Lateral Superficial Muscular Aponeurotic System Stacking/Superficial Muscular Aponeurotic Systemectomy With Orbicularis-Malar Fat Repositioning: A Procedure Tailored for Female Asian Patients.

Dermatol Surg 2019 Oct 7. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Background: Important differences in facial anatomy and how faces age must be considered when performing facelifts in Asian populations. Few facelift methods are specifically designed for Asian patients.

Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy of lateral superficial muscular aponeurotic system (SMAS)-stacking/SMAS-ectomy with orbicularis-malar fat repositioning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DSS.0000000000002202DOI Listing
October 2019

Neck Deformities in Plastic Surgery.

Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2019 Nov;27(4):529-555

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Louisville, 132 Chenoweth Lane, Louisville, KY 40207, USA.

This article provides facial plastic surgeons with the insight to avoid and address common pitfalls in neck procedures. Many aesthetic issues are created from overtreatment or undertreatment of components of the neck. Using the platysma muscle as the divide, ease of access to superficial anatomy leads to overtreatment problems, whereas difficulty of access to deeper structures leads to undertreatment problems and to overall imbalances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsc.2019.07.009DOI Listing
November 2019
8 Reads

Common Complications in Rhytidectomy.

Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2019 Nov 4;27(4):519-527. Epub 2019 Sep 4.

Santa Barbara Plastic Surgery Center, 222 West Pueblo Street, Suite A, Santa Barbara, CA 93105, USA.

Complications of rhytidectomy are well known, yet often preventable. A thorough preoperative history and physical along with realistic patient expectations provide the surgeon and patient with insight into potential complications and postoperative management. Understanding of surgical pitfalls and avoidance are crucial in beginning to manage facelift complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsc.2019.07.008DOI Listing
November 2019

Facial Anatomy for Filler Injection: The Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System (SMAS) Is Not Just for Facelifting.

Clin Plast Surg 2019 Oct;46(4):603-612

Kansas City University, Kansas City, KS, USA; University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA; Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA; Private Practice, Surek Plastic Surgery, Overland Park, KS USA. Electronic address:

Facial volumization with filler and/or fat has become an integral part of global facial rejuvenation and provides a finishing touch to harmonize the face after surgical repositioning of soft tissue. However, facial injection is not devoid of complications that can lead to suboptimal outcomes. This article journeys through the facial anatomy for the injector emphasizing the superficial musculoaponeurotic system as a centralized depth gauge facilitating navigation into deep and superficial injection targets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cps.2019.06.007DOI Listing
October 2019

Lateral Skin-Platysma Displacement: A New Approach to Neck Rejuvenation Through a Lateral Approach.

Clin Plast Surg 2019 Oct 6;46(4):587-602. Epub 2019 Aug 6.

Private Practice, 35 Via Giovanni Severano, Rome 00161, Italy.

Lateral skin-platysma displacement is a new technique for neck rejuvenation based on composite platysma-cutaneous flaps repositioned laterally through cable sutures. This technique skews the anatomy of the muscle, displacing it in a more lateral position and decreases the risk of paramedian bands recurrence. Traction applied to the midbody of the myocutaneous flaps is more effective in treating anterior excess skin than traction applied to the lateral platysma borders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cps.2019.06.006DOI Listing
October 2019
5 Reads

Neck Rejuvenation: Anatomy and Technique.

Clin Plast Surg 2019 Oct 2;46(4):573-586. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, A60, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address:

An aesthetically pleasing neck contour remains the cornerstone for facial rejuvenation. In this article a detailed description of the anatomy pertaining to the necklift surgery is provided, with supplemental cadaver video dissections going over the most common and novel necklift techniques. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00941298193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cps.2019.06.004DOI Listing
October 2019
9 Reads

The Minimal Access Cranial Suspension Lift.

Clin Plast Surg 2019 Oct 2;46(4):547-557. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, PO Box 100138, Gainesville, FL 32610-0138, USA. Electronic address:

The minimal access cranial suspension (MACS) facelift is a minimally invasive face and neck lift that uses the understanding of the changes in facial anatomy as it relates to facial aging. The MACS facelift uses a shorter incision with limited subcutaneous undermining. It achieves a resuspension of the underlying neck and midface soft tissues with the use of looped, purse-string sutures in the superficial musculoaponeurotic system and platysma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cps.2019.06.005DOI Listing
October 2019
2 Reads

The Lift-and-Fill Facelift: Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System Manipulation with Fat Compartment Augmentation.

Clin Plast Surg 2019 Oct 15;46(4):515-522. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Dallas Plastic Surgery Institute, 9101 North Central Expressway, Suite 600, Dallas, TX 75231, USA.

The focus of modern face-lifting has shifted from isolated superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) manipulation to providing necessary volume restoration and overall facial shaping. Volume deflation is a major component of facial aging but cannot be corrected solely by rhytidectomy. This article presents a detailed overview of facial fat compartment anatomy and examines its role in facial rejuvenation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cps.2019.06.001DOI Listing
October 2019
3 Reads
1.350 Impact Factor

Facelift: History and Anatomy.

Clin Plast Surg 2019 Oct 17;46(4):505-513. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, A60, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address:

In this article, we review the history of the facelift operation and how it evolved from skin excision only to the modern superficial musculoaponeurotic system operation. We describe the critical surgical anatomy of the facial layers, retaining ligaments of the face, facial spaces, the 3-dimensional complex course of the facial nerve branches, and the pertinent anatomy of the neck. This article is supplemented by fresh cadaver anatomic dissections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cps.2019.05.001DOI Listing
October 2019
2 Reads

Safety and Adjuncts in Face Lifting.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 09;144(3):471e-484e

Dallas, Texas From the Dallas Plastic Surgery Institute.

Learning Objectives: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Classify the commonly performed types of face-lift procedures based on the extent of skin incision and face and neck dissection, and superficial musculoaponeurotic system treatment and perform the appropriate amount of skin undermining in variations of superficial musculoaponeurotic system techniques. 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005898DOI Listing
September 2019
5 Reads
2.993 Impact Factor

Surgical-orthodontic approach for facial rejuvenation based on a reverse facelift.

Prog Orthod 2019 Aug 26;20(1):34. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Department of Human Anatomy and Histology, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.

Background: Orthodontic treatment combined with a maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) can be an effective option for patients who need not only corrected occlusion but also facial rejuvenation. In this case series, two patients underwent orthodontic treatment and bimaxillary orthognathic surgery involving MMA, one of them with a counterclockwise rotation of the occlusal plane (OP).

Findings: In both cases, the face was rejuvenated, a functional occlusion was established, and the posterior airway space (PAS) was widened. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40510-019-0287-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6709077PMC
August 2019
4 Reads

Surgical Denervation of Platysma Bands: A Novel Technique in Rhytidectomy.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 11;144(5):798e-802e

Paris, France From the Expert2Expert group.

Prominent platysma bands in the neck are one of the first signs of aging. There is increasing demand for surgical facial rejuvenation, including procedures to tighten skin and muscle in the neck; however, obtaining long-lasting results is a challenge. The aim of this study was to characterize the efficacy and safety of platysma muscle denervation for this indication. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006534-900000000-9739
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000006148DOI Listing
November 2019
7 Reads

A dose-ranging, parallel group, split-face, single-blind phase II study of light emitting diode-red light (LED-RL) for skin scarring prevention: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2019 Jul 15;20(1):432. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Department of Dermatology, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

Background: Skin fibrosis is a significant global health problem that affects over 100 million people annually and has a profoundly negative impact on quality of life. Characterized by excessive fibroblast proliferation and collagen deposition, skin fibrosis underlies a wide spectrum of dermatologic conditions ranging from pathologic scars secondary to injury (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-019-3546-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6631489PMC
July 2019
5 Reads

[Nasolabial suspension of the malar fat pad: a new, minimally invasive and reversible technique for facial symmetrization in permanent facial paralysis].

Orv Hetil 2019 Jun;160(22):869-872

Fül-Orr-Gégészeti és Fej-Nyaksebészeti Klinika, Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Szeged, Tisza L. krt. 111., 6725.

For the treatment of asymmetry of the midface due to permanent peripheral facial nerve palsy of different etiologies - which means a great psychical burden for the patients - several surgical solutions have been described. Our goal was to elaborate a minimally invasive surgical technique, that, on one hand, restores an adequate nasolabial fold, which is the most determinative keystone of facial symmetry. On the other hand, our technique can give an appropriate lift for the malar fat pad with shorter operative time and burden, with much lower complication rate and shorter recovery period compared to the classic static sling suspension techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/650.2019.31344DOI Listing
June 2019
3 Reads

Surgical Cosmetic Procedures of the Face.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2019 Jun 4;52(3):425-441. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

PLLC Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, 969 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10028, USA; Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA.

Surgical techniques for cosmetic facial rejuvenation, antiaging concerns, and the optimization of facial beauty can be nuanced and complex. Generally speaking, surgical interventions, including facelift, necklift, blepharoplasty, and rhinoplasty, are the gold standard approaches for the enhancement of facial features. A detailed understanding of facial anatomy, aesthetics, and techniques is necessary to master these approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2019.02.001DOI Listing
June 2019
23 Reads

Periocular Lipogranuloma After Cryopreserved Fat Injection Into the Forehead.

Dermatol Surg 2019 12;45(12):1723-1725

Department of Dermatology, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DSS.0000000000001888DOI Listing
December 2019

Facelift Part I: History, Anatomy, and Clinical Assessment.

Aesthet Surg J 2020 01;40(1):1-18

Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.

In this article, the authors aim to thoroughly describe the critical surgical anatomy of the facial layers, the retaining ligamentous attachments of the face, and the complex three-dimensional course of the pertinent nerves. This is supplemented with clarifying anatomic dissections and artwork figures whenever possible to enable easy, sound, and safe navigation during surgery. The historic milestones that led the evolution of cervicofacial rejuvenation to the art we know today are summarized at the beginning, and the pearls of the relevant facial analysis that permit accurate clinical judgment and hence individualized treatment strategies are highlighted at the end. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjy326DOI Listing
January 2020
13 Reads

Variation of the Great Auricular Nerve and Prediction of the Facial Nerve Trunk Size.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Dec 17;6(12):e2000. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Anatomy, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Royal Thai Army, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: This study aimed to reveal the anatomical variation in the great auricular nerve (GAN) and the correlation between the size of the GAN and the facial nerve trunk (FNT), so as to aid surgeons to perform safe facelift surgery and parotidectomy.

Methods: Sixteen human cadavers were studied on 16 left and 15 right facial sides. The GAN's branching patterns, location, and the mean width of the GAN and FNT were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326598PMC
December 2018
24 Reads

Influence of the Topographic Vascular Distribution of the Face on Dermal Filler Accidents.

Dermatology 2019 16;235(2):156-163. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Área de Anatomía y Embriología Humana, Departamento de Ciencias Básicas de la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain.

Objective: Dermal fillers are an important tool in the field of aesthetic dermatology. Fillers are relatively noninvasive and easy to use but are not free of secondary complications. The main complications are vascular and are due to either the compression of an artery or the direct introduction of the product into the arterial lumen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495292DOI Listing
June 2019
11 Reads

Changes in the Layers of the Temple During Pinch Manipulation: Implications for Thread Lifting.

Dermatol Surg 2019 08;45(8):1063-1068

Department of Anatomy, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Background: During minimally invasive aesthetic procedures, the skin is often pinched to facilitate filler injection or thread insertion into the desired layer. However, little is known about changes in the facial layers during pinch manipulation.

Objective: To determine which layer of the temple is lifted during pinching and whether the artery and the nerve are affected by pinching. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DSS.0000000000001758DOI Listing
August 2019
23 Reads

Comparison of Antiaging Effects on Rat Skin of Cog Thread and Poly-L-Lactic Acid Thread.

Dermatol Surg 2019 03;45(3):438-445

Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey.

Background: Polydioxanone Cog thread and poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) thread have been used clinically for lifting and antiaging purposes. However, the histological changes in tissue and the efficacy of these 2 different types of thread have not been compared.

Objective: This study used hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, Masson's trichrome staining, and electron microscopy (EM) to compare the results associated with the use of Cog thread and PLLA thread in rat skin. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00042728-900000000-9855
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DSS.0000000000001717DOI Listing
March 2019
43 Reads

Face and Neck Lift-Postoperative Care.

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Dec 28;34(6):561-569. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Department of ENT, North Cumbria University Hospitals NHS Trust, Whitehaven, Cumbria, United Kingdom.

Primary aim of the article is a discussion of the postoperative care after face and neck lift. A brief history of face and neck lift along with different techniques are described. Importance of preoperative assessment is stressed. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1676380
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676380DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Deep Plane Facelift: An Evaluation of the High-SMAS versus Standard Incision Points.

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Dec 4;34(6):646-650. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

In surgery of the aging face, operative adjustments of the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) enhance facial contours. The senior author has observed that the standard deep plane face lift entry points on the SMAS do not provide as much tissue movement in a vertical direction as high-SMAS deep plane face lift entry points. In this study, tissue movement was measured comparing the conventional SMAS entry point with a high-SMAS entry point for deep plane face lifts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1675634DOI Listing
December 2018
28 Reads

Rhytidectomy in Patients with Cochlear Implants.

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Dec 2;34(6):641-645. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Facial Plastic Surgery, Niamtu Cosmetic Facial Surgery, Midlothian, Virginia.

As the incidence of rhytidectomy and cochlear implantation increases, so does the likelihood that an individual patient will undergo both procedures over their lifetime. This is particularly relevant as the US population not only ages but ages well. The purpose of this paper is to describe cochlear implants and to characterize pre-, intra-, and postoperative considerations of rhytidectomy in patients with cochlear implants. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1666872
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1666872DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

The submental arrowhead variation of the mylohyoid and anterior belly of the digastric muscles.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 10;40(12):1429-1436. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Laboratory Medicine (PALM), Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Purpose: Submental anatomical variation is of clinical importance with regard to head and neck surgeries. One such anatomical variation is that of additional musculature joining the intermediate tendon of the digastric muscle to the midline of the mylohyoid musculature-a variation which this report refers to, accordingly, as an arrowhead variation. Though the arrowhead variation has been described in several case reports, it has not been subject to cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00276-018-2110-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-018-2110-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203627PMC
December 2018
22 Reads

Refinements in Tear Trough Deformity Correction: Intraoral Release of Tear Trough Ligaments: Anatomical Consideration and Clinical Approach.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Dec 8;42(6):1576-1581. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Background: Correction of tear trough (TT) deformity is a crucial aspect of facial rejuvenation. Because the anatomical origins of TT deformity lie in the TT ligaments, which firmly attach the dermis to the periosteum, the release of TT ligaments should be considered when performing an etiological correction. The aim of this paper is to propose an alternative method for TT deformity correction, comprising use of filler together with the release of TT ligaments. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00266-018-1245-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-018-1245-4DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Rejuvenation of the Midface.

Authors:
M Sean Freeman

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Oct 8;34(5):505-523. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Center for Facial Plastic and Laser Surgery, Charlotte, North Carolina.

In this article, the interested reader will learn when and how to apply different techniques on their patients, with the goal of safe, effective, natural looking, and long-lasting midface rejuvenation. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1672161
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1672161DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Correction of the Lower Face and Neck.

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Oct 8;34(5):480-487. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Rejuvenation of the lower face and neck strives to reverse signs of aging while optimizing the patient's natural anatomy. Common features of an aesthetically pleasing lower face include a well-defined and appropriately balanced mandible and an acute cervicomental angle. Correction of the aging lower face and neck is accomplished through multiple surgical interventions, performed either alone or in combination. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1672128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1672128DOI Listing
October 2018
25 Reads

Analysis of Cervical Angle in the Submental Muscular Medialization and Suspension Procedure.

JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2019 Jan;21(1):56-60

The Langsdon Clinic, Germantown, Tennessee.

Importance: The submental muscular medialization and suspension (SMMS) procedure is an option for addressing an obtuse cervical angle in select patients vs the use of traditional rhytidectomy techniques.

Objective: To compare the change in position of the cervical point between groups undergoing SMMS vs the traditional rhytidectomy technique.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A retrospective review was performed of 141 patients undergoing rhytidectomy in an accredited private surgery center between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2014, comparing cervical point depth between patients undergoing SMMS vs those undergoing traditional rhytidectomy with platysma plication. Read More

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http://archfaci.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jam
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamafacial.2018.1097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439740PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Difficult Necks and Unresolved Problems in Neck Rejuvenation.

Clin Plast Surg 2018 Oct 10;45(4):611-622. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 601 North Caroline Street, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA; Facial Plastic Surgicenter, 1838 Greene Tree Road, Suite 370, Baltimore, MD 21208, USA. Electronic address:

Neck rejuvenation attempts to correct the unattractive features that result from the process of facial aging. The aesthetic goals of surgery include creating a well-defined jaw contour, optimal cervicomental angle, smooth-appearing skin, and a healthy redistribution of soft tissue volume. Unique patient characteristics create inherent challenges that may limit the degree to which improvement can be made. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00941298183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cps.2018.06.009DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Short Scar Neck Lift: Neck Lift Using a Submental Incision Only.

Clin Plast Surg 2018 Oct;45(4):585-600

Marten Clinic of Plastic Surgery, 450 Sutter Street Suite 2222, San Francisco, CA 94108, USA.

For a subset of patients poor neck contour exists as a largely isolated problem and can be treated with a short scar neck lift procedure whereby no skin is removed. The procedure is performed through a submental incision without any removal of skin and relies on modification of deep-layer structures to improve neck contour. "Excess" skin is allowed to redistribute itself over the increased neck surface area created when deep-layer maneuvers are performed, neck contour is improved, and the cervicomental angle deepened. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cps.2018.06.005DOI Listing
October 2018
24 Reads

Hering's Law of the Frontal Facial Branch.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 12;142(6):991e-992e

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, and, Bergman Clinics, Heerenveen, The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005056DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

A Comparative Analysis of Electric and Radiofrequency Microneedling Devices on the Market.

J Drugs Dermatol 2018 Sep;17(9):1010-1013

Microneedling was first described in 1995 by Orentreich and Orentreich for the treatment of atrophic scars and wrinkles.1 The local injury induced by dermal penetration of microneedling causes release of growth factors such as transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). This stimulates collagen and elastin fiber production as well as capillary formation, ultimately leading to tissue remodeling. Read More

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September 2018
27 Reads

The Super-High SMAS Facelift Technique with Tailor Tack Plication.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Dec 19;42(6):1531-1539. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: Super-high superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) suspension and tailor tack plication are powerful facelift tools used in cases of primary facial rhytidectomy.

Technique: Thorough pre-operative patient screening and counseling are completed in an outpatient cosmetic surgery center. A super-high SMAS flap is developed by undermining and incising along a line extending from the tragus to lateral canthus and dissecting the SMAS sufficiently to induce movement of the lateral nose and the oral commissure with traction on the SMAS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-018-1223-xDOI Listing
December 2018
43 Reads

Split-face comparison study of transcutaneous pneumatic injection therapy with isotonic and hypertonic glucose solutions.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2019 Apr 26;18(2):487-494. Epub 2018 Aug 26.

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Research Center, International St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

Background: Transcutaneous pneumatic injection (TPI) is a minimally invasive, needle-free modality that can be used to forcefully deliver solution into soft tissues of the face and scalp.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of TPI of 5% isotonic and 20% hypertonic glucose solutions in in vivo human skin for face lifting.

Methods And Materials: A prospective, split-face, evaluator-blinded comparison study was performed on 10 Korean participants who were treated with three sessions of TPI using 5% isotonic and 20% hypertonic glucose solutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12766DOI Listing
April 2019
21 Reads

Topography of the dorsal nasal artery and its clinical implications for augmentation of the dorsum of the nose.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Aug 29;17(4):637-642. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Division in Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Department of Oral Biology, Human Identification Research Center, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Injections of filler into the nose for dorsum augmentation have a higher risk of complications due to the complicated blood supply and anastomotic channels in this area.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the anatomical features and location of the dorsal nasal artery (DNA), and to provide clinical anatomical information to reduce side effects and severe complications in the perinasal area.

Methods: Using the 31 cadaveric noses in Asians, dissections and histologic examinations were performed to identify the location and depth of the vascular structures including DNA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12720DOI Listing
August 2018
31 Reads

Tissue changes over time after polydioxanone thread insertion: An animal study with pigs.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2019 Jun 29;18(3):885-891. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

Department of Anatomy, Gachon University College of Medicine, Inchon, Korea.

Background: Polydioxanone (PDO) sutures have been widely used to tighten and lift the face. However, why the complexion brightens and skin elasticity is maintained with a smaller facial outline after a PDO monofilament thread treatment remains unclear.

Aims: We aimed to determine what significant changes occur in the tissue over time when a PDO suture is inserted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12718DOI Listing
June 2019
4 Reads

Cervical Branch of Facial Nerve: An Explanation for Recurrent Platysma Bands Following Necklift and Platysmaplasty.

Aesthet Surg J 2019 01;39(1):1-7

Department of Plastic Surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital and Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, New York, NY.

Background: Recurrent platysma bands remain a common problem in neck rejuvenation.

Objectives: The goals of this cadaver study were to document the course of the cervical branches of the facial nerve and investigate the pattern of platysma muscle innervation before and after various platysmaplasty maneuvers.

Methods: A total of 8 fresh cadaver specimens were dissected for a total of 16 hemifaces/necks. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/asj/advance-article/doi/10.1093/asj
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjy150DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads
2.034 Impact Factor

Comparative effects of various absorbable threads in a rat model.

J Cosmet Laser Ther 2019 6;21(3):158-162. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

a Department of Dermatology , Korea University College of Medicine , Seoul , Republic of Korea.

Background: Conventional procedures including botulinum toxin and filler injections have their limitations in improving deep wrinkles and decreasing tissue laxity, and possess the propensity for vascular accidents. Absorbable thread is a recently commercialized field, but there is little evidence on comparative superiority.

Objectives: We observed the effects of polydiaxanone (PDO) threads with different number of strands in relation to collagen production and histopathology in a rat model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14764172.2018.1493511DOI Listing
October 2019
77 Reads

The Orbital Oval Balance Principle: A Morphometric Clinical Analysis.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 10;142(4):451e-461e

Groningen, Zwolle, and Heerenveen, The Netherlands; and San Francisco, Calif. From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University and University Medical Centre of Groningen; the Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Groningen; Bergman Clinics; and Marten Clinic & Plastic Surgery, San Francisco, Calif.

Background: The aim of this study was to test the validity of the "orbital oval balance principle," a system of analysis and guideline that is used among aestheticians, artists, and makeup artists to create and design aesthetically pleasing eyebrows for optimal upper facial appearance. According to this principle, a face is optimally attractive when the eye is centered in an "oval" defined by the lid-cheek junction and the eyebrow.

Methods: One hundred participants were asked to rank digital morphed images of four female models with four different periorbital proportions: higher or lower lid-cheek junction versus higher or lower eyebrow position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000004805DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads