860 results match your criteria Facelift Anatomy


Variation of the Great Auricular Nerve and Prediction of the Facial Nerve Trunk Size.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2018 Dec 17;6(12):e2000. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Anatomy, Phramongkutklao College of Medicine, Royal Thai Army, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: This study aimed to reveal the anatomical variation in the great auricular nerve (GAN) and the correlation between the size of the GAN and the facial nerve trunk (FNT), so as to aid surgeons to perform safe facelift surgery and parotidectomy.

Methods: Sixteen human cadavers were studied on 16 left and 15 right facial sides. The GAN's branching patterns, location, and the mean width of the GAN and FNT were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326598PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Deep Plane Facelift: An Evaluation of the High-SMAS versus Standard Incision Points.

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Dec 4;34(6):646-650. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

In surgery of the aging face, operative adjustments of the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) enhance facial contours. The senior author has observed that the standard deep plane face lift entry points on the SMAS do not provide as much tissue movement in a vertical direction as high-SMAS deep plane face lift entry points. In this study, tissue movement was measured comparing the conventional SMAS entry point with a high-SMAS entry point for deep plane face lifts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1675634DOI Listing
December 2018
19 Reads

The submental arrowhead variation of the mylohyoid and anterior belly of the digastric muscles.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Dec 10;40(12):1429-1436. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Laboratory Medicine (PALM), Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Purpose: Submental anatomical variation is of clinical importance with regard to head and neck surgeries. One such anatomical variation is that of additional musculature joining the intermediate tendon of the digastric muscle to the midline of the mylohyoid musculature-a variation which this report refers to, accordingly, as an arrowhead variation. Though the arrowhead variation has been described in several case reports, it has not been subject to cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00276-018-2110-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-018-2110-5DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Difficult Necks and Unresolved Problems in Neck Rejuvenation.

Clin Plast Surg 2018 Oct 10;45(4):611-622. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 601 North Caroline Street, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA; Facial Plastic Surgicenter, 1838 Greene Tree Road, Suite 370, Baltimore, MD 21208, USA. Electronic address:

Neck rejuvenation attempts to correct the unattractive features that result from the process of facial aging. The aesthetic goals of surgery include creating a well-defined jaw contour, optimal cervicomental angle, smooth-appearing skin, and a healthy redistribution of soft tissue volume. Unique patient characteristics create inherent challenges that may limit the degree to which improvement can be made. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00941298183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cps.2018.06.009DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Short Scar Neck Lift: Neck Lift Using a Submental Incision Only.

Clin Plast Surg 2018 Oct;45(4):585-600

Marten Clinic of Plastic Surgery, 450 Sutter Street Suite 2222, San Francisco, CA 94108, USA.

For a subset of patients poor neck contour exists as a largely isolated problem and can be treated with a short scar neck lift procedure whereby no skin is removed. The procedure is performed through a submental incision without any removal of skin and relies on modification of deep-layer structures to improve neck contour. "Excess" skin is allowed to redistribute itself over the increased neck surface area created when deep-layer maneuvers are performed, neck contour is improved, and the cervicomental angle deepened. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cps.2018.06.005DOI Listing
October 2018

A Comparative Analysis of Electric and Radiofrequency Microneedling Devices on the Market.

J Drugs Dermatol 2018 Sep;17(9):1010-1013

Microneedling was first described in 1995 by Orentreich and Orentreich for the treatment of atrophic scars and wrinkles.1 The local injury induced by dermal penetration of microneedling causes release of growth factors such as transforming growth factor (TGF)-α, TGF-β, and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). This stimulates collagen and elastin fiber production as well as capillary formation, ultimately leading to tissue remodeling. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads

The Super-High SMAS Facelift Technique with Tailor Tack Plication.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Dec 19;42(6):1531-1539. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: Super-high superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) suspension and tailor tack plication are powerful facelift tools used in cases of primary facial rhytidectomy.

Technique: Thorough pre-operative patient screening and counseling are completed in an outpatient cosmetic surgery center. A super-high SMAS flap is developed by undermining and incising along a line extending from the tragus to lateral canthus and dissecting the SMAS sufficiently to induce movement of the lateral nose and the oral commissure with traction on the SMAS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-018-1223-xDOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Expert Consensus on Achieving Optimal Outcomes With Absorbable Suspension Suture Technology for Tissue Repositioning and Facial Recontouring.

J Drugs Dermatol 2018 06;17(6):647-655

A complete approach to facial rejuvenation includes restoration of the skin's surface, relaxation of muscles that contribute to hyperkinetic movement, revolumization, and repositioning/recontouring of descended tissues and fat pads. After receiving 510(k) clearance from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2015, the Silhouette InstaLift™ absorbable suspension suture became the only available non-surgical technique for repositioning of facial tissue. In January 2017, a consensus paper presented a review of the literature on the efficacy and safety of absorbable suspension sutures and provided information on treatment procedures. Read More

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June 2018
30 Reads

Glabellar Rejuvenation in Forehead Lift: Reversed Periosteum or Dermal Fat Graft to Cover Pedicled Glabellar Flap.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Sep;29(6):1558-1561

The Third Department, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Forehead aging is characterized by wrinkles, loss of skin elasticity, brow ptosis, and soft-tissue atrophy. For patients with prominent rhytids and marked brow ptosis, forehead lift is still the most effective treatment with a persisting result. In order to eliminate the glabellar wrinkles, forehead lift usually requires the removal of the corrugator supercilii muscle and procerus, which can lead to glabellar flattening or depression. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001665-900000000-9555
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004620DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Facial Plastic Surgery in the Geriatric Population.

Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2018 Aug 17;51(4):789-802. Epub 2018 May 17.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Northwestern University, NMH/Arkes Family Pavilion Suite 1325, 676 N Saint Clair, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

Greater life expectancy with advancements in technology and medicine has led to an increasing interest in facial rejuvenation. Facial aging is an inevitable process that largely results from soft tissue descent and volumetric deflation. However, a comprehensive knowledge of the aging process and precise assessment of the exact pathologies yielding the patient's senescent appearance is essential to produce the best cosmetic outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otc.2018.03.013DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Aesthetics and Rejuvenation of the Temple.

Authors:
Jordan Rihani

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Apr 9;34(2):159-163. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Facial Plastic Surgery Institute, Southlake, Texas.

The temples are an often overlooked, but important element of facial rejuvenation. The anatomy of the temple should be understood prior to any intervention in this location. Multimodal treatment to re-establish youthful convexity, proper hairline position, and correct actinic damage is recommended for optimal results. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1636921
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1636921DOI Listing
April 2018
11 Reads
0.990 Impact Factor

Endoscopic Browplasty.

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Apr 9;34(2):139-144. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Lindsay House Surgery Center for Plastic Surgery, Rochester, New York.

The endoscopic brow lift has become an established procedure that can safely and reliably rejuvenate the upper third of the face. The authors discuss relevant anatomy and considerations for patient selection to optimize surgical outcomes. A detailed review of surgical technique is presented, and the potential complications and means to reduce them are discussed. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1637728
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1637728DOI Listing
April 2018
8 Reads

The Aesthetics of the Upper Face and Brow: Male and Female Differences.

Authors:
Jacob Sedgh

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Apr 9;34(2):114-118. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Private Practice, Sedgh Plastic Surgery, Los Angeles, California.

A hallmark of the modern era of facial plastic surgery is the increasing demand for upper facial rejuvenation by both genders and the growing variety of such options, including both surgical and non-surgical modalities. Thus, now more than ever, differentiating these aesthetic ideals between the two genders and understanding their nuances has become a necessity for the facial cosmetics community. In this article, a detailed comparison of the the pertinent anatomical and topographical differences is presented, followed by a review of the historical evolution of these aesthetic trends. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1636935
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1636935DOI Listing
April 2018
7 Reads

Surgical Anatomy of the Upper Face and Forehead.

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Apr 9;34(2):109-113. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Otolaryngology Division, Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Permanente Medical Group, Oakland, California.

Aesthetic ideals regarding proportion and balance of the face have existed for centuries. The upper third of the face, including the brow, forehead, and temple, provides an important contribution to the overall facial aesthetic. This is especially true given how the brow frames the eyes, and the eyes serve as the key focal point in our interactions with others. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1637727
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1637727DOI Listing
April 2018
4 Reads

Forces Required to Pull the Superficial Fascia in Facelifts.

Plast Surg (Oakv) 2018 Feb 9;26(1):40-45. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea.

Purpose: The aims of this study were to characterize the histology of the sideburn and cheek area and to measure the force required to pull the superficial fascia (SF) of Asians in facelift procedures.

Methods: The hemiface of a formalin-fixed Korean male adult cadaver (77 years old) was used to study the histology of the sideburn and cheek area. In 42 patients during facelift procedures, the force needed to pull the overlying skin at the midpoint between the sideburn and nasolabial fold 2 mm was measured using a tensiometer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2292550317747853DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5871114PMC
February 2018
2 Reads

Surgical Resection of Vascular Lesions Involving the Buccal Fat Pad.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Jul;29(5):e459-e461

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Division, Hospital General "Dr Manuel Gea Gonzalez," Mexico City, Mexico.

Vascular abnormalities are localized structural irregularities, which are performed during vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, and lymphangiogenesis. The involvement of soft tissue in such vascular malformations is frequent; however, the compromising of the buccal fat pads (Bichat bags) is uncommon, even in specialized centers, such as the plastic clinic of our institution, in which very few patients have been reported in the literature. The purpose of this article is to present a series of 2 patients in which vascular malformations involving the buccal fat pads, which were extracted by intraoral approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004471DOI Listing
July 2018
19 Reads

Modified Composite-Flap Facelift Combined With Finger-Assisted Malar Elevation (FAME): A Cadaver Study.

Aesthet Surg J 2018 Nov;38(12):1269-1279

Surgeon, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Inadequate release of retaining ligaments during facelift surgery may lead to an unnatural appearance. However, most facelift surgeons are hesitant in transecting these ligaments to avoid possible injury to facial subbranches.

Objectives: In the authors' surgical practice for modified composite flap rhytidectomy, the authors employed the finger-assisted malar elevation (FAME) technique in order to enable safe release of the zygomatic cutaneous ligaments through the prezygomatic space under direct vision. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/asj/article/38/12/1269/4917328
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjy062DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Ligaments of the Face: Past, Present, and Future.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 May;29(3):800-803

Choi's Aesthetic Plastic Surgical Clinic, Seoul, Korea.

The aim of this study is to search for the origin of the term "ligament' in the face, present its status, and suggest a principle to rectify the use of unclear terminology.The structure that connects the zygoma to the skin was first presented by McGregor (1959). Kaye (1981), in describing his "extended facelift," wrote that the adherent area of the cheek over the malar eminence (McGregor's patch) usually requires sharp dissection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004416DOI Listing
May 2018
8 Reads

Prospective case-control trial evaluating silicone gel for the treatment of direct brow lift scars.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 02;53(1):29-33

Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital, Montreal, Que.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a topical silicone gel on scars in patients who had undergone bilateral direct brow lift surgery.

Design: A randomized double-blind clinical trial with a placebo applied to one scar and topical silicone gel (Dermatix Ultra; Valeant Pharmaceuticals, Laval, Que.) used on the other scar for 2 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2017.07.017DOI Listing
February 2018
5 Reads

Surgical Approach to the Thick Nasolabial Folds, Jowls and Heavy Neck-How to Approach and Suspend the Facial Ligaments.

Facial Plast Surg 2018 Feb 6;34(1):59-65. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Başkent University, Istanbul Hospital, Altunizade, Istanbul, Turkey.

Patients with thick skin typically present with a redundant, baggy, lax skin envelope together with prominent nasolabial folds, jowls, and a heavy neck. Durable and natural-appearing rejuvenation is not possible unless the deformities are addressed adequately and harmoniously in these patients. Traditional superficial musculoaponeurotic system techniques do not include surgical release of the zygomatic cutaneous ligaments and repositioning of descendent malar fat pad, and may lead to an unbalanced, unnatural appearance and the lateral sweep phenomenon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1615283DOI Listing
February 2018
18 Reads

The Inclusion of Orbicularis Oculi Muscle in the SMAS Flap in Asian Facelift: Anatomical Consideration of Orbicularis Muscle and Zygomaticus Major Muscle.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Apr 4;42(2):471-478. Epub 2018 Jan 4.

Shenzhen Guanghe Dr. Yin's Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Background: In the malar region, the SMAS flap can be thin and tear easily, making it difficult to securely fix it. And the surgical anatomy of the region may be unclear and confusing. The authors performed an anatomical study on the location of the lateral margin of the orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) and the origin of the zygomaticus major muscle (ZMM) when using a high-SMAS facelift with finger-assisted spaces dissection technique, which included elevation of the SMAS flap with OOM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-017-1056-zDOI Listing
April 2018
5 Reads

Detailed Anatomy of Osteoperiosteal Ligamentous Structures in the Forehead.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Mar;29(2):518-522

Department of Anatomy, Catholic Institute for Applied Anatomy, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea.

This study aimed to present the anatomic characteristics of osteoperiosteal ligamentous attachments of the forehead and provide a better understanding of lateral eyebrow descent for safe and effective foreheadplasty. Anatomic dissections of the face were performed in 10 fresh Korean adult cadavers (20 hemifaces) using 2.5× magnification surgical loupes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004218DOI Listing
March 2018
20 Reads

Injizierte dermale Füllermaterialien – ein spezieller Befund der Mundhöhlenschleimhaut

Swiss Dent J 2017;127(11):964-965

Klinik für Oralchirurgie und Stomatologie, Zahnmedizinische Kliniken der Universität Bern, Bern, Schweiz

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March 2018
13 Reads

Effect of Use of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) in Skin with Intrinsic Aging Process.

Aesthet Surg J 2018 Feb;38(3):321-328

Regenerative Surgery Unit, San Francesco Clinic, Verona, Italy.

Background: In previous papers, we demonstrated that the treatment of human photoaged skin with stromal-vascular fraction-enriched fat or expanded adipose-derived stem cells showed a decrease of elastosis and the appearance of new oxytalan elastic fibers in dermis and an increase in the vascular network. The utilization of fat plus platelet-rich plasma (PRP) led to an increase in the vascular permeability and reactivity of the nervous component.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the histologic and ultrastructural changes of human skin after the injection of only PRP in the retroauricular area that was not exposed to sun and did not present the photoaging process, in comparison with our previous results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/asj/sjx137DOI Listing
February 2018
19 Reads

The Addition of Platelet-Rich Plasma to Facial Lipofilling: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Trial.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 02;141(2):331-343

Groningen, The Hague, Heerenveen, and Zwolle, The Netherlands From the Departments of Plastic Surgery, Pathology and Medical Biology, and Epidemiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen; and Bergman Clinics.

Background: Lipofilling is a treatment modality to restore tissue volume, but it may also rejuvenate the aging skin. Platelet-rich plasma has been reported to augment the efficacy of lipofilling, both on graft take and rejuvenation, by altering the adipose-derived stem cells. The authors hypothesized that addition of platelet-rich plasma would increase the rejuvenating effect and shorten recovery time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000004081DOI Listing
February 2018
7 Reads

[Clinical analysis before surgery in facial and neck rejuvenation].

Authors:
M Rouif P Bogaert

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Oct 27;62(5):375-386. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Carré esthétique Lafayette, 5, place Aristide-Briand, 44000 Nantes, France. Electronic address:

The first step to determine a medical or surgical intervention is the clinical exam. The clinical exam is the paramount step to provide a treatment plan that can be modified and individualized accounting the patient preferences. During the consultation for facial rejuvenation, attention should be paid to understand the patient's motivation and expectations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anplas.2017.09.002DOI Listing
October 2017
4 Reads

Facial Assessment and Injection Guide for Botulinum Toxin and Injectable Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Focus on the Midface.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Oct;140(4):540e-550e

São Paulo, Brazil; Aalst, Belgium; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and Dallas, Texas From the Clinica Dr. Maurício de Maio; the Aalst Dermatology Clinic, private practice; and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.

This second article of a three-part series addresses techniques and recommendations for aesthetic treatment of the midface. Injectable fillers are important for rejuvenation of the midface by replacing lost volume and providing structural support; neuromodulators play a smaller role in this facial region. Fillers are used for volumization and contouring of the midface regions, including the upper cheek and lid-cheek junction and the submalar and preauricular areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000003716DOI Listing
October 2017
72 Reads

An Effective Technique for Nasal Radix Reduction in Septorhinoplasty: Procerus Muscle Resection.

J Craniofac Surg 2017 Nov;28(8):2143-2144

*Alle Clinic †Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Faculty, Istanbul Kemerburgaz University, Istanbul, Turkey.

In rhinoplasty patients radix position profoundly impacts the appearance of the nasal profile by influencing dorsal length, contour, angulation, and height. The authors wanted to introduce a new perspective to radix, and decided to focus on subcutaneous tissues, especially procerus muscle. Actually resection of procerus and corrugator supercilii is a part of browlift and endoscopic facelift techniques, with which the authors are already familiar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004015DOI Listing
November 2017
13 Reads

[Forehead rejuvenation].

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Oct 22;62(5):406-423. Epub 2017 Sep 22.

50, rue de la République, 69002 Lyon, France. Electronic address:

The goal of this article is to provide a systemic approach to forehead rejuvenation. Fillers, botulinic toxin injections, transpalpebral, endoscopic or bicoronal brow lift must be usual techniques for every plastic surgeon in overall facial rejuvenation. Achieving a long lasting and aesthetically pleasing forehead is possible only with surgical techniques when aging is obvious. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02941260173012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anplas.2017.07.016DOI Listing
October 2017
15 Reads

[Anatomical basis for rejuvenation surgery].

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Oct 21;62(5):355-364. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Service de chirurgie plastique et reconstructrice, centre Léon-Bérard, 28, rue Laennec, 69373 Lyon cedex 08, France.

The understanding of the face anatomy is mandatory before to be able to appreciate the different surgical techniques of face lifting. Despite numerous controversies and anatomical variations, we can find in the literature several keystone works that allows us to understand that the soft tissues of the face are not only a superposition of layers but also a tridimensionnal structure with a fibrous system that links the different layers. This structures creates a mix loose spaces, fat and retaining ligament that can be describe in a quite systematic manner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anplas.2017.08.005DOI Listing
October 2017
2 Reads

[Botulinum toxin: An important complement for facial rejuvenation surgery].

Authors:
C Le Louarn

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Oct 19;62(5):495-519. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

59, rue Spontini, 75116 Paris, France. Electronic address:

The improved understanding of the functional anatomy of the face and of the action of the botulinum toxin A leads us to determine a new injection procedure which consequently decreases the risk of eyebrow and eyelid ptosis and increases the toxin's injection possibilities and efficiencies. With less units of toxin, the technique herein described proposes to be more efficient on more muscles: variable toxin injections concentration adapted to each injected muscle are used. Thanks to a new procedure in the upper face, toxin A injection can be quite close to an endoscopic surgical action. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02941260173011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anplas.2017.07.007DOI Listing
October 2017
9 Reads

[The eyelid-cheek junction].

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Oct 15;62(5):435-448. Epub 2017 Sep 15.

Service de chirurgie plastique reconstructrice et esthétique, hôpital Pasteur 2, 30, voie Romaine, 06000 Nice, France.

The eyelid-cheek junction is a key area which generates many comments: from looking tired to looking good or rested, without forgetting charm, beauty, and a youthful appearance. In spite of many interesting medical and surgical procedures, treating this area is sometimes difficult and results are not always up to our expectations. Standardized blepharoplasty, which has often been improperly used, has shown its limits. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02941260173012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anplas.2017.07.021DOI Listing
October 2017
6 Reads

Anatomical and Clinical Implications of the Deep and Superficial Fat Compartments of the Neck.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Sep;140(3):405e-414e

Philadelphia, Pa.; and Dallas, Texas From the Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, Temple University; and the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.

Anatomical study has proven vital to the understanding and improvement of rejuvenation techniques of the face and neck. The microscopic septa responsible for individual facial fat compartments are also present in the neck. The authors' anatomical studies of the neck, including supraplatysmal and subplatysmal elements, have influenced their surgical and nonsurgical techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000003618DOI Listing
September 2017
13 Reads

[Facelift under local anesthaesia in outpatient surgery].

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Oct 4;62(5):567-574. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Clinique esthétique Lyon tête d'or, 88, boulevard des Belges, 69006 Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Facelift under local anesthesia: the author recounts his experience and methodology developed to operate facelift under local anesthesia in order to reduce operative morbidity and be able to operate persons who do not desire general anesthesia. The technique is based on the knowledge of the sensitive anatomy of the face as well as the practice of sensitive conduction blocks at the level of the face allowing to decrease the doses of local anesthetics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anplas.2017.06.006DOI Listing
October 2017
1 Read

Invited Commentary on "A Simplified Method for Management of Platysmal Bands: Platysmotomy as an Office Procedure".

Authors:
Graeme Southwick

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2017 12 4;41(6):1360-1361. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Melbourne Institute of Plastic Surgery, Melbourne, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-017-0950-8DOI Listing
December 2017

[Temporal rejuvenation].

Authors:
A Fogli

Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2017 Oct 1;62(5):449-460. Epub 2017 Aug 1.

281, Corniche Kennedy, 13007 Marseille, France. Electronic address:

The temporal region has imprecise limits in the young patient. During the aging process, it becomes individualized with the appearance of a temporal fossa, the temporal, orbital and zygomatic bone margins, the ptosis of the lateral part of the brow and the appearance of the wrinkles of the crow's foot. As this area frame the look, it should be taken into consideration during the clinical examination as well as the facial and cervical stages. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S02941260173007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anplas.2017.05.007DOI Listing
October 2017
2 Reads

Histological case-control study of peeling-induced skin changes by different peeling agents in surgically subcutaneous undermined skin flaps in facelift patients.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 Nov 27;70(11):1660-1665. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

Center for Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, Ocean Clinic Marbella, Spain.

A histological evaluation of peeling-induced skin changes in subcutaneous undermined preauricular facial skin flaps of nine patients was performed. There were three treatment groups: Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) 25%, TCA 40% and phenol/croton oil; one group served as control. Two independent evaluators determined the epidermal and dermal thickness and the depth of necrosis (micrometre). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2017.06.016DOI Listing
November 2017
3 Reads

Temple and Postauricular Dissection in Face and Neck Lift Surgery.

Arch Plast Surg 2017 Jul 15;44(4):261-265. Epub 2017 Jul 15.

The Chula Soft Cadaver Surgical Training Center and Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

Periauricular paresthesia may afflict patients for a significant amount of time after facelift surgery. When performing face and neck lift surgery, temple and posterior auricular flap dissection is undertaken directly over the auriculotemporal, great auricular, and lesser occipital nerve territory, leading to potential damage to the nerve. The auriculotemporal nerve remains under the thin outer superficial fascia just below the subfollicular level in the prehelical area. Read More

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http://www.e-aps.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.5999/aps.2017.4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5999/aps.2017.44.4.261DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5533050PMC
July 2017
35 Reads

New Insights into the Anatomy of the Midface Musculature and its Implications on the Nasolabial Fold (Discussion).

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2017 10 11;41(5):1091-1092. Epub 2017 Jul 11.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Anne & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00266-017-0939-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-017-0939-3DOI Listing
October 2017
7 Reads

Reconstructive subperiosteal midface lift: A three nonvisible incision approach.

Orbit 2017 Oct 5;36(5):256-263. Epub 2017 Jul 5.

c Colmenero Clinic , Madrid , Spain.

This article describes our surgical technique for subperiosteal midface elevation in patients with paralytic lower eyelid malposition or cicatricial inferior eyelid retraction. Nineteen patients with paralytic lower eyelid malposition and 15 patients with cicatricial inferior eyelid retraction underwent a subperiosteal midface lift (n = 34). The procedure was performed under local anesthesia through three nonvisible incisions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01676830.2017.1337166DOI Listing
October 2017
11 Reads

Symmetry Restoration at Rest after Masseter-to-Facial Nerve Transfer: Is It as Efficient as Smile Reanimation?

Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Oct;140(4):793-801

Shanghai, People's Republic of China From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine.

Background: Masseter-to-facial nerve transfer is a highly efficient technique for reanimating paralyzed muscle and has been reported to restore facial symmetry at rest. However, no systematic studies have been performed, and the effects of preoperative droop of the oral commissure on postoperative symmetry at rest have rarely been reported.

Methods: The authors retrospectively analyzed 35 patients with masseteric-to-facial nerve anastomosis and assessed the quality and quantity of the dynamic recovery and the oral commissure symmetry at rest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000003698DOI Listing
October 2017
10 Reads

Autologous Fat Grafting Combined with Facelifting.

Authors:
Thomas Tzikas

Facial Plast Surg 2017 Jun 1;33(3):285-298. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Tzikas Facial Plastic Surgery Center, Delray Beach, Florida.

There are multiple factors contributing to facial aging. Rejuvenation of the aging face, therefore, requires a multimodal approach to attain an overall natural and uniform result that is long lasting. Fat grafting has become a very important method for restoring facial soft-tissue atrophy, while facelifting procedures address the ptosis and descent of facial and neck tissue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1598072DOI Listing
June 2017
19 Reads

The Difficult Neck in Facelifting.

Facial Plast Surg 2017 Jun 1;33(3):271-278. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Buckingham Center for Facial Plastic Surgery, Austin, Texas.

As the popularity and acceptance of facial and cervical rejuvenation procedures grows, surgeons are increasingly encountering patients with less favorable anatomical characteristics for rhytidectomy. These patients will typically display an obtuse cervicomental angle, underprojected chin, excess cervical adiposity, and platysmal banding, in addition to ptotic submandibular glands, tenacious jowls, and prejowl volume deficits. Recognition of these problems and the correct application of available techniques to address the difficult neck in facelifting are critical in maximizing success. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1598073DOI Listing
June 2017
8 Reads

Surgical Anatomy for Facelift.

Authors:
Rami K Batniji

Facial Plast Surg 2017 Jun 1;33(3):250-251. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Batniji Facial Plastic Surgery, Newport Beach, California.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1603528DOI Listing
June 2017
3 Reads

The Anatomy of the Facial Vein: Implications for Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Procedures.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Jun;139(6):1346-1353

Roseau, Commonwealth of Dominica; Salzburg, Austria; Leipzig and Munich, Germany; Sacramento, Calif.; and Albany and New York, N.Y. From the Department of Anatomy, Ross University School of Medicine; the Institute of Anatomy and the Departments of Radiology and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg & Nuremberg; the Institute of Anatomy, University of Leipzig, Faculty of Medicine; Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of California Davis Medical Center; Division of Plastic Surgery, Albany Medical Center; the Department of Hand, Plastic, and Aesthetic Surgery, Ludwig-Maximilians University; and private practice.

Background: Anatomical knowledge of the facial vasculature is crucial for successful plastic, reconstructive, and minimally invasive procedures of the face. Whereas the majority of previous investigations focused on facial arteries, the precise course, variability, and relationship with adjacent structures of the facial vein have been widely neglected.

Methods: Seventy-two fresh frozen human cephalic cadavers (32 male and 40 female cadavers; mean age, 75. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000003382DOI Listing
June 2017
34 Reads
2.993 Impact Factor

Facial skin rejuvenation by autologous dermal microfat transfer in photoaged patients: Clinical evaluation and skin surface digital profilometry analysis.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2017 Aug 22;70(8):1118-1128. Epub 2017 Apr 22.

Department of Research, Advanced Diagnostic and Technological Innovation - Translational Research Area, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Cumulative long-term exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation promotes premature skin aging characterized by wrinkle formation and reduced skin elasticity. In this study, we assessed whether microfat transfer could improve dermal and subcutaneous tissue thickness loss associated with photoaging. Twenty-one patients affected by facial photoaging (photodamage grade II-IV; age range 35-62 years; 19 females, 2 males; all of Caucasian origin) were treated using minimally invasive autologous dermal white fat transfer harvested with a recently designed microcannula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2017.04.002DOI Listing
August 2017
23 Reads
2 Citations
1.474 Impact Factor

New Insights into the Anatomy of the Midface Musculature and its Implications on the Nasolabial Fold.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2017 Oct 15;41(5):1083-1090. Epub 2017 May 15.

Institute for Plastic Surgery, Southern Illinois University, 747 North Rutledge Street, 3rd Floor, Springfield, IL, 62702, USA.

Background: The prominent nasolabial fold is a distinct feature of the aging midface. As minimally invasive procedures have become mainstream, chemodenervation is a preferred method for treating dynamic facial rhytids. We therefore sought to identify relevant nasolabial fold and midfacial muscular anatomy to determine the ideal location of neuromodulation to improve the aesthetics of the midface and nasolabial fold without altering the upper lip and smile. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00266-017-0889-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-017-0889-9DOI Listing
October 2017
2 Reads

Variation of the mylohyoid: implications for Ludwig angina, cervical contouring, and digastric muscle transfer.

Surg Radiol Anat 2018 Feb 6;40(2):221-225. Epub 2017 May 6.

Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, West Liberty University, CSC 139, P.O. Box 295, West Liberty, WV, 26074, USA.

The mylohyoid (MH) musculature separates the sublingual and submandibular spaces and is, therefore, important with regard to the spread of infection and space occupying lesions. Moreover, the MH may be elevated and included in the myocutaneous submental island flap or sutured in conjunction with the platysmas and the anterior bellies of the digastric muscles (ABDMs) to add stability to submental muscular medialization procedures. Therefore, variation in the anatomy of the MH musculature must be considered in the management of the spread of infection and space occupying lesions as well as in surgical planning. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00276-017-1868-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00276-017-1868-1DOI Listing
February 2018
4 Reads

Vertical Lifting: A New Optimal Thread Lifting Technique for Asians.

Dermatol Surg 2017 Oct;43(10):1263-1270

*Four Seasons Dermatology Clinic, Seoul, Korea; †Department of Dermatology, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Background: With the evolution of facial rejuvenation methods, thread lifts have gained popularity among patients who seek cosmetic improvement. Absorbable wedge-shaped polydioxanone (PDO) sutures are currently available, and they are extremely popular in the aesthetic clinics in Korea. In case of midface and mandibular jowl lift, threads are most often inserted in an oblique manner with vectors of rejuvenation directed toward the temple. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DSS.0000000000001169DOI Listing
October 2017
45 Reads