1,992 results match your criteria Eyelid Reconstruction Upper Eyelid

Efficacy and Safety of Cryotherapy for Residual Tarsus and Free Tarsal Graft Implantation After Excision of Malignant Eyelid Tumor.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Departments of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

Purpose: To examine the usefulness and safety of cryotherapy for residual tarsus and free tarsal graft implantation for eyelid reconstruction after excision of malignant eyelid tumor.

Methods: Fifteen patients with 17 eyelid malignancies (10 sebaceous gland carcinomas and 7 basal cell carcinomas) who underwent eyelid reconstruction between June 2017 and February 2021 were included in the study. In these patients, the tumors were resected in the entire eyelid layer including the safety margin. Read More

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Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the eyelid and ocular adnexa.

Orbit 2022 Jun 22:1-7. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA.

A 93-year-old Caucasian woman presented to clinic for evaluation of a progressively enlarging left eyelid mass. Exam revealed a large, indurated, poorly mobile mass involving the left upper eyelid. Imaging demonstrated a crescentic enhancing soft-tissue mass in the left upper eyelid without evidence of deeper orbital involvement. Read More

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Outcomes of Posterior Approach Surgery in Various Types and Grades of Upper Eyelid Blepharoptosis in Indian Eyes.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2021 Oct-Dec;28(4):216-220. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Centre for Ocular Regeneration, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Purpose: To present the outcomes of levator plication (levatorpexy) surgery by posterior approach for correction of ptosis of different aetiologies in Indian eyes.

Methods: Retrospective review of clinical notes and clinical photos of consecutive ptosis patients who underwent levatorpexy from January 2017 to September 2018. Surgery was considered successful if the following four criteria were simultaneously met: a postoperative MRD1 of ≥2 mm and ≤4. Read More

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Creating Harmonious Arcs: The Importance of Brow Shape in Determining Upper Lid Aesthetics.

Clin Plast Surg 2022 Jul;49(3):389-397

Private Practice, 660 Glades Road, Suite 210, Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA.

Brow lifting, when indicated, can significantly improve upper eyelid aesthetics. Brow lifting is a powerful maneuver to shape and lateralize the curvature of the brow arc and directly influences the upper eyelid fold height and the curvature of the upper eyelid crease. This article reviews the importance of upper periorbital aesthetic assessment because it lays the foundation to tailor the appropriate operative intervention. Read More

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Eyelid Reanimation with Free Platysma Graft: Final Stage of Reconstruction after Gunshot Wound to Face.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2022 Jun 10;10(6):e4372. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Beaumont Health Systems, Royal Oak, Mich.

Patients with gunshot wounds to the face have massive soft tissue and bony damage from projectile and blast injuries. They often require multiple, staged reconstructive surgeries with cross-facial nerve grafting and free muscle flap for re-establishment of facial expression. Injury to or total loss of the facial nerve and branches can result in loss of function of the orbicularis oculi muscle, which leads to the loss of protective mechanisms of eyelid function and blink reflex. Read More

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The First Successful Combined Full Face and Bilateral Hand Transplant.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Hansjörg Wyss Department of Plastic Surgery, NYU Langone Health, New York, NY.

Background: Vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) has redefined the frontiers of plastic and reconstructive surgery. At the cutting edge of this evolving paradigm, we present the first successful combined full face and bilateral hand transplant (FT-BHT).

Methods: A 21-year-old man with sequelae of an 80% total body surface area burn injury sustained following a motor vehicle accident presented for evaluation. Read More

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Upper eyelid reconstruction using an advancement tarso-conjunctival flap.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2022 Jun 7:11206721221107302. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Queen's Medical Centre, 105590Nottingham University Hospital, Nottingham, UK.

Purpose And Context: Upper eyelid reconstruction is particularly complex due to its functional and aesthetic importance. We aim to assess the outcomes/ complications of patients who undergo upper eyelid reconstruction of the posterior lamellae with an advancing tarsonconjunctival flap from the same affected eyelid, following excision of a periocular malignancy by Mohs Micrographic Surgery.

Method: A retrospective consecutive case note review of all eight patients who underwent the procedure between May 2016 and Jan 2021 were included. Read More

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Simultaneous Double Eyelid Blepharoplasty and Blepharoptosis Correction With Levator Aponeurosis Plication Technique: Clinical Experience of 108 Cases.

Ann Plast Surg 2022 06 18;88(6):606-611. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Forth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Background: Fifty percent of Asians are born without a supratarsal fold (also called single eyelid), and double eyelid blepharoplasty is one of the most commonly performed and most popular facial cosmetic surgeries in the Asian population. However, patients with single eyelid frequently present with concomitant mild blepharoptosis (degree of ptosis, ≤2 mm), which often fails to cause the attention of surgeons and misses correction.

Methods: A retrospective study of all patients who underwent double eyelid blepharoplasty and blepharoptosis correction simultaneously with the modified levator aponeurosis plication technique was performed from June of 2017 to June of 2020. Read More

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Isolated eyelid coloboma in association with complex choristoma in a newborn: A case report.

Saudi J Ophthalmol 2021 Jul-Sep;35(3):273-275. Epub 2021 Nov 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Ocular choristomas are rare lesions that have been reported at the conjunctiva, sclera, orbit, or intraocularly with significant potential for visual disturbance. The complex type of choristomas shows a mixture of different cartilaginous, glandular, and muscular tissue in addition to fat. We present a patient with an associated eyelid coloboma and complex choristoma. Read More

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November 2021

Evaluation of the postoperative course of East Asian eyelid reconstruction with free tarsoconjunctival graft transplantation: A Japanese single-centre retrospective study.

JPRAS Open 2022 Sep 28;33:6-16. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Division of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, 1-757 Asahimachidori, Chuo-ku, Niigata-shi, Niigata 951-8510, Japan.

Although eyelid reconstruction by transplanting an autologous free tarsoconjunctival graft (FTG) is a well-established technique, few studies have examined the postoperative course of FTG transplantation for East Asian eyelids, including those of Japanese patients. Therefore, this study investigated complication and reoperation rates after FTG transplantation in the reconstruction of East Asian (Japanese) eyelids. This study included 42 eyelids wherein posterior lobe reconstruction after resection of a malignant tumour of the eyelid was performed by FTG transplantation between 2007 and 2019 at Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital. Read More

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September 2022

Traumatic hemifacial avulsion and degloving injury: a case report.

Pan Afr Med J 2022 23;41:158. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Gross maxillofacial injuries are challenging to manage because they can be complicated by airway obstruction, injuries to the cervical spine, and cranial structures. Deformities from such injuries have lasting psychological effects which if not addressed can be devastating. We present a 21-year-old male motorcyclist who was involved in a motor traffic collision and sustained avulsion and degloving of the forehead skin, left eyebrow, left upper and lower eyelids, the nose, the left cheek and part of the right cheek, upper and lower lips, and the skin overlying the chin. Read More

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Biplanar-pivoted V-Y Flap for Reconstruction of Medial Canthal Defects.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 May 13. Epub 2022 May 13.

Oculofacial Plastic Surgery, Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, U.S.A.

Purpose: To determine the safety and effectiveness of a biplanar-pivoted V-Y flap design in reconstructing medial canthal defects of all sizes.

Methods: Retrospective review of patients who underwent repair of medial canthal region defects with the biplanar-pivoted V-Y flap from January 2016 to May 2021. Variables collected included age, gender, surgical indication, defect sizes and location, flap(s) and/or graft(s) used, and follow-up time. Read More

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Upper Eyelid Reconstruction Surgeries; Comparison Of Outcomes Between Reverse Tenzel Flap Versus Cutler Beard Flap Procedure.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2022 Jan-Mar;34(1):36-40

Department of Ophthalmology, Layton Rahmatullah Benevolent Trust, Karachi, Pakistan.

Background: Objective of this study was to compare Reverse Tenzel flap and Cutler Beard flap for upper eyelid defects.

Methods: This interventional study was carried out at occuloplasty department of LRBT (Layton Rahamatullah Benevoloent Trust), Karachi. Patients diagnosed with upper eye lid defect between 50 and 75 years were included after ethical approval from institutional ethical review committee and briefing patients about study dynamics. Read More

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Kimura Disease: A case report with bilateral upper lid masses and a right parotid mass.

Orbit 2022 Apr 18:1-6. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Department of Health Eye Center, East Avenue Medical Center, Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines.

A 38-year-old male presented with bilateral upper eyelid masses and a right parotid mass. Nineteen years before the consultation, the patient experienced swelling at both upper eyelids. Formerly diagnosed by an ophthalmologist, corticosteroid, an anti-inflammatory medication, was prescribed for the patient, which resulted in partial resolution of the lid swelling. Read More

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Upper Blepharoplasty and Brow Rejuvenation in Men.

Richard J Warren

Clin Plast Surg 2022 Apr;49(2):197-212

University of British Columbia and Vancouver Plastic Surgery Center, 777 West Broadway, Suite 1000, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z4J7, Canada. Electronic address:

The upper lid-brow junction is a complex anatomic zone that undergoes many interconnected age-related changes. Although considerable effort has gone into defining the ideal female eye and brow, no such work has been done for the male. Typically, men develop forehead and glabellar lines in conjunction with either upper lid hooding, brow ptosis, or blepharoptosis, whereas some men develop hollowing of the upper lid sulcus. Read More

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Asian Upper Blepharoplasty with the Hinge Technique.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2022 Mar 30. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical College, Chang Gung University, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.

Asian upper blepharoplasty is one of the most commonly requested procedures in Asian patients. Many incisional and suture methods have been described in the literature. While the suture method is advantageous for its simplicity and quick recovery, the incision method is more versatile and able to deliver predictable and reproducible results for Asian patients presenting with a diverse range of anatomy and requests. Read More

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Lower Eyelid Reconstruction Using a Myotarsocutaneous Flap while Considering the Superior and Inferior Palpebral Sulci.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2022 Mar 17;10(3):e4147. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Department of Dermatology, Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine, Ube, Japan.

Various reconstructive procedures have been reported for full-thickness defects of the lower eyelid after tumor excision or trauma. In eyelid reconstruction, not only functionality but also cosmetic results are important; furthermore, making scars inconspicuous is challenging. The purpose of this study is to make the scars less noticeable in lower eyelid reconstruction. Read More

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Impact of Single Eyelid on Superior Visual Field.

Ann Plast Surg 2022 04;88(4):375-380

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

Abstract: A puffy eyelid without a crease, also known as single eyelid, is a common characteristic in East Asians. Existence of a lid crease is generally considered an aesthetic concern for both patients and surgeons, and postoperative evaluations have mainly focused on the appearance of the eye. The aim of this study was to clarify the functionality of the superior visual field (SVF) with single eyelid. Read More

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Ophthalmic features and management of 86 patients with cryptophthalmos-A refined classification to assist in surgical planning.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2022 Feb 26. Epub 2022 Feb 26.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, 639 Zhizaoju Road, Shanghai 200011, China; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orbital Diseases and Ocular Oncology, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background/aims: This study aimed to describe a cohort of patients with cryptophthalmos (CO), characterize associated oculofacial abnormalities, and expand the classification to summarize surgical strategies for managing CO.

Methods: A retrospective, interventional case series was conducted on 86 patients (124 eyes) with CO. The study proposed further classifying complete and incomplete CO into cyst, microphthalmia, anophthalmia, and normal eyeball based on globe structures and then modifying surgery accordingly. Read More

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February 2022

Minimally invasive temporalis tendon transposition and upper lid lipofilling for immediate and secondary facial reanimation in patients treated for malignant tumors of the parotid gland.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2022 May 9;50(5):419-425. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

Maxillo Facial Surgery Department, ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Milan, University of Milan, Italy.

Treatment for facial nerve-invading parotid malignancies usually results in complete facial palsy. The authors present a novel technique to treat facial palsy following radical parotid surgery and retrospectively evaluate results in terms of soft tissue symmetry at rest and during smiling and eyelid closure using the eFACE system. 9 patients with facial palsy following parotid malignancies resection or undergoing parotidectomy with planned facial nerve resection for tumor invasion were treated with the association of mini-invasive temporalis flap rotation and upper lid lipofilling to restore symmetry of the middle facial third at rest and during smiling and eyelid closure. Read More

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Prelamination of the Radial Forearm Free Flap Using Free Full-Thickness Eyelid Skin Grafts: A New Approach for Intraoral Defect Reconstruction.

Ann Plast Surg 2022 Jul 10;89(1):54-58. Epub 2022 Mar 10.

From the Department for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Abstract: Free flap transfer for reconstruction of intraoral defects is a common procedure in oral and maxillofacial surgery. For tumor-related defects, the radial forearm flap is widely used for soft tissue restoration. However, transfer of free skin grafts to the donor site region is often required for wound closure after free flap harvesting, resulting in esthetic disturbances due to shrinkage of the grafted skin, attendant scarring, or mismatches in skin texture or color. Read More

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The use of the paramedian forehead flap alone or in combination with other techniques in the reconstruction of periocular defects and orbital exenterations.

Eye (Lond) 2022 Mar 3. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Purpose: The paramedian forehead flap (PMFF) is a reconstructive option for large eyelid defects and orbital exenterations. We report a series of cases where PMFF reconstruction was carried out at various institutions in Australia.

Methods: This study was a multi-centre, retrospective, non-comparative case series investigating the clinical outcomes of the PMFF for reconstructing periocular defects and orbital exenterations. Read More

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Arcade Suture Upper Blepharoplasty Combined With the Forceps Technique.

Ann Plast Surg 2022 03;88(1s Suppl 1):S68-S72

From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Double-eyelid blepharoplasty is the most popular cosmetic surgery in Taiwan. The creation of a small palpebral fold along with reduction of eyelid fullness makes the eye look slightly larger, thereby leading to an appearance of youthfulness, alertness, and vitality. Herein, we propose a method of combining the techniques of arcade buried suture and forceps, which is designed to create a more physiologically natural double eyelid. Read More

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Effects of Upper Eyelid Surgery on the Ocular Surface and Corneal Topography

Turk J Ophthalmol 2022 02;52(1):50-56

Eye Foundation Bayrampaşa Eye Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of upper eyelid surgery on ocular surface and corneal topography.

Materials And Methods: Patients who underwent upper eyelid blepharoplasty and/or blepharoptosis repair were evaluated prospectively. Tear film break-up time (TBUT), Schirmer tests, corneal staining pattern, Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire, corneal topography, and autorefractor parameters were measured preoperatively and at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively. Read More

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February 2022

The New Face of the Switch Flap in the Reconstruction of a Large Upper Eyelid Defect.

Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2022 12;2022:4159263. Epub 2022 Feb 12.

Faculty of Dental Medicine and Health Care Osijek, University Josip Juraj Strossmayer in Osijek, Croatia.

Reconstruction of a large defect after the removal of a massive malignant upper lid tumor is still a challenge in oculoplastic surgery. Our method of choice is Mustardé switch flap. Due to the lack of Mohs micrographic surgery and frozen section technique as well as waiting time of two weeks for histopathological results, we made modifications enabling us to reexcise in case of positive margins: the width of the pedicle of the flap was 7 mm allowing the length of the flap to be increased if needed, the lids were closed with temporary lateral tarsorrhaphy to protect the eye, and the lower lid is finally reconstructed in the second stage of the procedure. Read More

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February 2022

Evaluation of skin tissue effects from treatment with a novel hand-held plasma energy device.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2022 May 7;21(5):1998-2004. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Suneva Medical, San Diego, California, USA.

Introduction: Plasma IQ™, the first FDA-cleared hand-held plasma energy device, is indicated for removal and destruction of skin lesions and coagulation of tissue. Treatment involves use of an electrostatic plasma spark to heat the skin and create discrete microthermal wounds.

Methods: Microthermal wounds on pre-auricular and upper eyelid skin from two individual subjects were created using multiple treatment parameters to assess the impacts of power, pulse duration and needle electrode type on wound depth, width and thermal spread, and analyzed using histology to characterize treatment effects. Read More

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The extended submuscular fibroadipose tissue (SMFAT) resection and ladder suture technique for patients with a puffy SMFAT upper eyelid.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2022 Jun 31;75(6):1993-2000. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, 389 Xin Cun Road, Putuo district, Shanghai 200065, China. Electronic address:

Background: In East Asians, a common method to ameliorate puffy eyelids is to resect the excess orbital fat and the orbicularis. However, in some patients, a satisfactory improvement cannot be achieved because of the thick submuscular fibroadipose tissue (SMFAT) and minimal orbital fat. The SMFAT lies between the orbicularis and the orbital septum and can also be found in the pretarsal area. Read More

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Sliding Flap for the Wide Upper Eyelid Margin Defect After Cancer Removal.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 Feb 10. Epub 2022 Feb 10.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Juntendo University Urayasu Hospital, Chiba Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Todachuo General Hospital, Saitama Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kashiwa Kousei General Hospital, Chiba, Japan.

Background: Reconstruction of eyelid margin defects following resection of upper-eyelid skin malignancies is typically performed using a lower eyelid switch flap, including eyelash reconstruction. However, a subsequent procedure for flap separation, and prolonged swelling of the flap may occur as a complication.

Objective: The authors performed anterior lamellar reconstruction using a sliding flap with excess upper eyelid skin, a procedure that is a less invasive and simpler. Read More

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February 2022

Neurovascular anatomy of pronator quadratus for reanimation of blepharoptosis.

Surg Radiol Anat 2022 Feb 6;44(2):207-213. Epub 2022 Feb 6.

Department of Anatomy, Ankara University, School of Medicine, 06100, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: Pronator quadratus (PQ) is a quadrilateral muscle on a volar distal side of the forearm. The purpose of this study was to establish a novel surgical technique for reanimation of the upper eyelid for severe ptosis using PQ functional free muscle flap.

Methods: The current study is a cadaveric study, designed to assess a PQ free flap transfer that lies between the frontalis muscle and the upper eyelid. Read More

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February 2022

A novel technique for forehead and eyebrow reconstruction using a temporal hairline flap combined with a free forearm flap: a report of two cases.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 Jan 30;2022(1):rjac004. Epub 2022 Jan 30.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

We herein report a novel technique for managing large forehead skin defects that include the eyebrows and upper eyelid. Case 1 was of a 55-year-old woman with an eccrine carcinoma (T2N0M0) at the right forehead, resulting in a skin defect 15 cm in diameter. Case 2 was of an 81-year-old man with a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (T1a N0M0) at the left forehead, resulting in a skin defect 18 cm in diameter. Read More

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January 2022