47,473 results match your criteria Eyelid Myokymia
Br J Dermatol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of dermatology, Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Background: Despite the widespread use of Mohs Micrographic Surgery (MMS) for periocular basal and squamous cell carcinoma (together called keratinocyte carcinoma (KC)), follow-up data regarding recurrences are limited.
Objectives: To investigate the recurrence rate for periocular KCs after MMS and describe experience with interdisciplinary collaborations.
Methods: Patients with periocular KCs treated with MMS between 2006 and 2016 in a tertiary MMS referral hospital were included in this retrospective cohort study. Read More
Int Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Ophthalmic Pathology Laboratory (DKM), L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.
Purpose: To study the concordance between intra-operative rapid frozen section and permanent section diagnoses of surgical margins following wide surgical excisional biopsy of malignant eyelid tumors.
Methods: This is a retrospective study of 120 cases and 429 frozen section slides.
Results: Of 120 cases, 75 (63%) had sebaceous gland carcinoma, 34 (28%) had basal cell carcinoma, and 11 (9%) had squamous cell carcinoma. Read More
Rev Med Chil 2018 Aug;146(8):857-863
Departamento Ciencias Neurológicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
Background: Cerebral ptosis is understood as the bilateral paralysis of eyelid elevation linked to a stroke or hemorrhage of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). It is a transient condition, independent of the evolution of the lesion.
Aim: To analyze six patients with the condition. Read More
Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):989-996
Department of Microscopic Morphology, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, Romania; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, Romania;
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common locally invasive malignant epidermal neoplasm. It is generally a tumor that runs a slow progressive course and can usually be cured by surgery. Basosquamous carcinoma is considered by some authors a rare subtype of BCC, while others describe it as independent tumor with different evolution from BCC. Read More
Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):977-983
Department of Plastic Surgery, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iaşi, Romania;
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of cancer located in the periocular area. We will present the clinical case of a 63-year-old male patient who was admitted to the 2nd Clinic of Neurosurgery, "Prof. Dr. Read More
Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2018 11;2018:2478646. Epub 2018 Nov 11.
424 General Military Training Hospital of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Background: Involutional entropion and upper eyelid ptosis are common eyelid diseases in the elderly population. They represent a frequent cause of discomfort and often result in significant visual and functional impairment. The surgical management of these disorders includes various treatment options and techniques and is usually carried out in multiple time sessions. Read More
JAAD Case Rep 2019 Jan 27;5(1):5-6. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
Cureus 2018 Oct 1;10(10):e3392. Epub 2018 Oct 1.
Radiology, VA Medical Center, Riviera Beach, USA.
We present a case of a 55-year-old lady with intermittent twitching of the left side of her face, involving her left eyelid and the angle of the mouth, ongoing for two years. She failed multiple trials of botulinum toxin injections as well as oral anti-spasmodic medications. The patient was diagnosed with an ectatic left vertebral artery, causing a compression of cranial nerve VII on the same side on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. Read More
Eye (Lond) 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Purpose: To evaluate the clinical features and treatment outcomes of patients complaining of tearing after receiving chemotherapy.
Methods: The clinical records of patients who complained of tearing between August 2014 and February 2016, and underwent or were undergoing chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical measurements were as follows: LipiView interferometer (lipid layer thickness and meibography), lacrimal drainage examinations (syringing), and outcomes at 6 months after treatment. Read More
Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Oxford University Hospital, Headley Way, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy has been increasingly employed in the treatment of a variety of tumors. The authors report the rarely documented side effect of trichiasis with the use of Afatinib in a patient with spinal chordoma and review-related literature. A 67-year-old lady was referred to the oculoplastic service with a 3-month history of ocular irritation and pain associated with blurred vision. Read More
Epileptic Disord 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Epilepsy and Sleep Disorders Unit, Department of Neurology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032, China.
To determine the electroclinical features of fixation-off sensitivity (FOS) in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE). We searched the EEG database using the terms "fixation-off sensitivity" and "idiopathic generalized epilepsy" over a four-year period from March 2014 to April 2018 in the Xijing Hospital, Xi'an, China. FOS was evaluated according to the technique proposed by Panayiotopoulos. Read More
Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Ophthalmic Research Group, School of Life & Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, B4 7ET, United Kingdom; Thea Pharmaceuticals Limited, Keele University Science & Innovation Park, Newcastle-Under-Lyme, ST5 5NT, United Kingdom.
Purpose: To investigate if the application of Blephagel, an eyelid cleansing gel, causes subjective and/or objective cooling effects by measuring ocular symptomology and temperature.
Methods: Twenty-five healthy subjects underwent baseline non-invasive temperature measurements on the closed upper eyelid (centrally, nasally, and temporally) and ocular surface temperature (OST) on both eyes using an infrared camera. A standard application of Blephagel was then applied to the closed upper eyelid and eyelashes with a sterile cotton-wool to one eye selected at random. Read More
Ocul Surf 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Schepens Eye Research Institute, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, and Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, 02114, USA.
Purpose: Optimal meibomian gland (MG) function is critically important for the health and wellbeing of the ocular surface. We hypothesize that low oxygen (O) conditions promote the function of human MG epithelial cells (HMGECs) and that human MGs exist in a relatively hypoxic environment. The purpose of this study was to test our hypotheses. Read More
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Groningen and University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG), PO BOX 30.001, Groningen 9700 RB, The Netherlands.
Objective: Various functional outcomes after upper blepharoplasty are reported in the literature. We systematically reviewed the literature to assess the objective and subjective functional effects of upper blepharoplasty.
Methods: After a systematic search of four search engines (Pubmed, Embase, Cinahl and Cochraine), any study on objective and subjective (patient reported) functional outcome after upper blepharoplasty was subjected to a quality assessment for possible inclusion in the review. Read More
J Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
From the Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Beijing Lomeye Cosmetic Surgery Clinic, Beijing, China.
Background: Anti-aging in lower eyelid-cheek junction area has always been the upmost widely sought of cosmetic surgery. Removal of orbital fat from inside or outside, removal of part of the skin or even the orbicularis muscle, superficial pull and deep fill and a series of surgical procedures like these have been or are becoming the mainstream of clinical practice. However, aging involves a variety of tissues and causes, which is a dynamic and continuous process. Read More
J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Aesthetic Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.
Background: Aesthetic surgery procedures such as lip augmentation, eyelid correction, face-lifting, or Botox treatment for lines and wrinkles are an important part of cosmetic surgery.
Objectives: The aim of the study was to estimate improvement in appearance following plastic surgery using modern collective intelligence methods of validation.
Methods: A total of 108 photographs showing 54 patients prior to and following cosmetic surgery were downloaded from Internet web presentations of several unnamed plastic surgeons. Read More
Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Dermatology Unit, Department of Medical, Surgical and Neuro-Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
Graves' orbitopathy (GO) and pre-tibial mixedema (PTM) are autoimmune manifestation sharing the same etiology and histopathology, a chronic course and a frustrating treatment. Current management include topical and systemic corticosteroid as first line therapy, whereas cyclosporine, surgery and orbital radiotherapy are indicated for severe GO with variable results and mostly temporary remissions. In particular, keratopath and photophobia, due to exophthalmos and eyelid retraction, impaired eye mobility and diplopia due to the compression of optic nerve and extra-ocular muscles are usually minimally modified, as well as leg plaques/nodules and lymphoedema. Read More
Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA.
Solar angioedema is a rare photodermatosis, with only 11 reported patients worldwide. Patients develop facial (predominately eyelids, lips) and/or acral swelling hours after sun exposure, especially while on vacation to tropical areas. Management includes photoprotection and sun avoidance; preemptive antihistamines have been tried with minimal effect. Read More
Contact Dermatitis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias, Madrid, Spain.
Upper eyelid gold weight implants are an established tool in the symptomatic treatment of lagophthalmos, the inability to close your eyes completely. Complications associated to this procedure are infrequent. When noted, non-infectious inflammatory reactions corresponding to type IV hypersensitivity reactions are resolved with the removal of the implant. Read More
Ophthalmologe 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Zentrum für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Köln, Kerpener Str. 62, 50937, Köln, Deutschland.
Iatrogenic ectropion with sagging of the lower eyelid after failed excessive lower eyelid blepharoplasty is a severe complication in aesthetic surgery. Traditionally, free skin grafting is the method of choice for correction. This overview presents the cheek-midface lift as a useful and powerful method for the correction of ectropion following excessive lower eyelid blepharoplasty. Read More
Int Med Case Rep J 2018 9;11:325-331. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
Olympia Eye Hospital, Tokyo, Japan,
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of transcutaneous triamcinolone acetonide (TA) injection for the treatment of upper eyelid retraction and swelling in thyroid eye disease (TED) patients.
Patients And Methods: This is a case series. Three euthyroid TED patients with features of both upper eyelid retraction and swelling were recruited. Read More
J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital and Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital.
A study on immunoglobulin G4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) with destructive changes in periorbital soft tissues was presented. The patient was an 89-year-old-man who developed a left-sided orbital lesion involving the globe, lacrimal gland, and extraocular muscles. A diagnosis of definite IgG4-ROD was made based on clinical and histopathologic findings. Read More
Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2019 Mar 4;13:16-19. Epub 2018 Nov 4.
Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA.
Purpose: Chromosome 22q11.2 micro-duplication syndrome (MDS), is a rare autosomal dominant condition, with a highly variable phenotype that ranges from unremarkable and asymptomatic, to fatal due to cardiovascular defects. Hypertelorism, downslanting palpebral fissures, superior displacement of the eyebrows, and ptosis are the most commonly reported ocular manifestations. Read More
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):448-451
Department of Dermatology, Seth G.S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Schopf-Schulz-Passarge syndrome (SSPS) is a rare type of ectodermal dysplasia that has autosomal recessive inheritance. It is characterized by palmoplantar keratoderma, hypodontia, hypotrichosis, nail dystrophy, and multiple periocular and eyelid apocrine hidrocystomas. A 36-year-old male presented with multiple eyelid and periocular apocrine hidrocystomas, ichthyosis, palmoplantar keratoderma, hypodontia, nail dystrophy, and thin scalp hair. Read More
Front Genet 2018 16;9:542. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Program in Craniofacial Biology, Departments of Orofacial Sciences and Pediatrics, Institute for Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.
Members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family have myriad functions during development of both non-vertebrate and vertebrate organisms. One of these family members, , is largely expressed in mesenchymal tissues and is essential for postnatal life because of its critical role in development of the craniofacial complex, as well as in lung branching. Here, we review the function of FGF10 in morphogenesis of craniofacial organs. Read More
Oman J Ophthalmol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):300-302
Ophthalmic Pathology Service, Apollo Health City, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
Isolated eyelid Rosai-Dorfman disease without orbital disease or systemic involvement is very rare and needs a high degree of suspicion. In this report, we describe a 16-year-old boy who presented with isolated eyelid Rosai-Dorfman disease involving the right upper eyelid. The lesion was treated by surgical debulking followed by intralesional steroid injection for the residual lesion. Read More
Oman J Ophthalmol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):213-219
Department of Ophthalmology, Al-Nahdah Hospital, Muscat, Oman.
Objective: The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology, risk factors, etiology, and outcome of microbial keratitis in a tertiary care center in Muscat, Oman.
Methods: The electronic records of all patients diagnosed with keratitis or corneal ulcer between January 2013 and January 2016 in Al-Nahdha Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who presented with a corneal ulcer requiring admission and who underwent culture and sensitivity studies were included in the study. Read More
Vet Anaesth Analg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.
Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel. Electronic address:
Objective: Orbital and globe surgeries are commonly performed in companion animals and are considered to cause moderate to severe pain. Regional anesthesia techniques can provide complete sensory blockade, analgesia for painful procedures and improve surgical conditions. The purpose of this review is to summarize local and regional anesthesia techniques for ophthalmic surgery in dogs and cats with emphasis on veterinary publications in the past 12 years. Read More
Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 17;53(6):e241-e244. Epub 2018 Feb 17.
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Fla. Electronic address:
Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 27;53(6):600-604. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
Mohs Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
Objective: Postoperative ecchymoses or hematomas can prolong healing from surgery, and a search for locally administered agents that decrease bleeding is warranted. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether preoperative subcutaneous injection of tranexamic acid (TXA) reduces intra- and postoperative bleeding or ecchymoses in skin-only upper eyelid blepharoplasty surgery.
Design: This is a prospective randomized, double-blind, controlled study. Read More
J Comp Pathol 2018 Nov 1;165:67-71. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Centre for Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Clinic for Birds, Small Mammals, Reptiles and Ornamental Fish, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Sonnenstrasse 18, Oberschleißheim, Germany.
In spring 2014, several wild passeriform garden birds were found severely ill or dead, all with severe periocular swellings. A blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) showing severe depression was humanely destroyed and sent for necropsy examination. In this bird, the lower eyelids were sagging, red and oedematous. Read More
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Dec;28(12):970-971
Department of Pathology, Khyber Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan.
A five-day baby girl presented with a large mass involving the right upper and lower eyelid obstructing the visual axis completely. She was treated with intralesional triamcinolone acetonide injection under general anesthesia but no change in size of the tumor was observed. Oral beta blocker, propranolol, 1 mg/kg body weight, was given at three months. Read More
Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.
Orbit 2018 Dec 5:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
a Department of Ophthalmology , University Hospital Nottingham NHS Trust , Nottingham , UK.
Lymphedema-distichiasis syndrome (LDS) is an autosomal dominant condition associated with FOXC2 mutations. Patients with distichiasis are mostly symptomatic, and efforts to deal with their ocular complaints comprise of electrolysis, cryotherapy and a variety of surgical techniques. We describe an enhanced surgical technique for a case of symptomatic distichiasis of the right eye with scarred, irregular eyelid margins secondary to initial cryotherapy, whereby the distorted tarsus was excised to remove the aberrant hair follicles, the levator palpebrae superioris was released to extend the upper lid and prevent lagophthalmos and a mucous membrane graft was used to cover the exposed portion of the tarsal plate. Read More
Cureus 2018 Jul 18;10(7):e2999. Epub 2018 Jul 18.
Plastic Surgery, Waldkrankenhaus Bonn, Bonn, DEU.
Background Treatment of the lower eyelid region to rejuvenate the skin or treat actinic elastosis often proves difficult. Established treatment options, such as hyaluronic acid injections, botulinum toxin injections, microneedling, skin resurfacing (microdermabrasion, chemical peel (exfoliation), laser treatment), as well as blepharoplasties and autologous fat transfers, can be associated with significant risks and increased patient burden. Furthermore, they may not be effective for treating the signs of skin aging or actinic elastosis, including dark rings under the eyes, a lack of volume and cutis laxa. Read More
J Med Genet 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
President, the Research Institute of Personalized Health Sciences, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Hokkaido, Japan.
Background: Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a clinically recognisable syndrome in which 70% of patients have a pathogenic variant in or . Understanding the function of these genes opens the door to targeted therapies. The purpose of this report is to propose diagnostic criteria for KS, particularly when molecular genetic testing is equivocal. Read More
Facial Plast Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Imam Khomeini Teaching Hospital, Urmia, West Azerbaijan, the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Eyelid reconstructions are considered challenging surgical procedures, which are mostly performed due to trauma, tumor resections, and congenital defects. Several techniques can be used to reconstruct the lower eyelid defects. In this study, the authors aimed to introduce a new single-step technique for the reconstruction of medium-sized lower eyelid defects while preventing ectropion. Read More
Facial Plast Surg 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
Department of Plastic Surgery, The Jacobs Center for Cosmetic Surgery, Healdsburg, California.
Mandelic acid is an α-hydroxy acid with reported benefit in treating acne and hyperpigmentation. The authors have developed a topical mandelic acid formulation that subjectively improves the quality of aged skin. Although the gold standard for assessing outcomes, photographic documentation is limited by subjective interpretation. Read More
Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Dec 31;36:135-141. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Pathology & Laboratory Medicine Department, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Materials And Methods: A retrospective cohort study of cases with tissue diagnosis of epibulbar choristoma in 2 centers presenting during the period: 2000-2016 with focus on cases of complex and osseous choristoma. Demographic and clinical data were collected by the resident from medical records. The histopathological slides were reviewed by 2 pathologists and cases of complex and osseous choristoma were analyzed by biostatical staff. Read More
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Département de chirurgie plastique, reconstructrice, brûlés, plaies et cicatrisation, CHU Lapeyronie, 371, avenue de Doyen Gaston Giraud, 34295 Montpellier, France. Electronic address:
Objectives: Blepharopoiesis represents a double aesthetic and functional challenge. If anterior lamellar reconstruction is less discussed, the variety of posterior lamellar substitutes testifies that none is ideal. We report here our experience of the use of autologous dermal dermis as posterior lamellar substitutes in bilamellar blepharopoiesis. Read More
Curr Eye Res 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
a Department of Ophthalmology , Ege University School of Medicine , Izmir , Turkey.
Purpose: To evaluate the ocular surface and meibography of patients with inactive Behçet's uveitis.
Methods: Twenty-five right eyes of 25 patients with inactive Behçet's uveitis (Group 1) and 25 right eyes of 25 healthy individuals (Group 2) were enrolled. Detailed eye examination along with Schirmer 1 test, tear film break-up time (t-BUT), ocular surface staining with fluorescein and Oxford scoring, ocular surface disease index (OSDI) score assessment were performed. Read More
Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5):61-71
Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021.
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of injectable implants made of hyaluronic acid gel (HAG) in ophthalmoplastics.
Material And Methods: The study included 57 patients (37 patients with lagophthalmos related to acute or chronic facial nerve palsy, endocrine ophthalmopathy; 20 patients with enophthalmos, anophthalmic syndrome). Depending on filler particle size, the patients received either intrapalpebral or intraorbital HAG injection. Read More
Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):276-281
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Chair of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Malaya Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.
The article reviews the literature on methods of evaluating the morphological and functional state of the eyelids in chronic blepharitis. Development of methods continues together with further research on the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease. Read More
J Ophthalmol 2018 25;2018:9308649. Epub 2018 Oct 25.
Department of Radiotherapy, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100005, China.
Background: Radiotherapy (RT) has widely been used to treat ocular tumors, yet the impact of orbital radiation to the meibomian gland has rarely been studied. Our study aims at evaluating the bilateral meibomian gland structure and function 12 months after unilateral orbital RT in patients with ocular tumors.
Methods: An observational case-control study. Read More
Eye (Lond) 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Oxford Eye Hospital, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK.
Background: 'Kissing puncta' (KP) or punctal apposition is an anatomical phenomenon sparsely reported in the English literature. We describe our experience of managing chronic epiphora in patients with punctal apposition.
Methods: A retrospective audit of five patients (nine eyes) with KP associated with epiphora. Read More
Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Turun Silmäexpertit Ltd, Turku, Finland.
Purpose: To investigate the effects of a sea buckthorn oil and sodium hyaluronate-containing eyelid spray emulsion (SB spray) on dry eye.
Methods: A randomized controlled study was carried out. Adults (25-70 years) with Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) ≥20 and moderate or severe dryness, burning or grittiness of the eyes were included. Read More
J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Nantes University Hospital, 1, place Alexis-Ricordeau, 44093 Nantes cedex 1, France.
Fractures of the frontal sinus are classified according to the topography (anterior wall, posterior wall or both), the displacement, and the presence of associated lesions (wound, nasofrontal duct injury, rhinorrhea). Isolated fractures of the anterior wall require surgical management, if the displacement is over 4 mm, to restore the forehead symmetry, to maintain the sinus ventilation and to avoid long-term complications (sinusitis, mucocele, meningitis…). Coronal incision is commonly performed but less invasive techniques are more and more used. Read More