19,478 results match your criteria Eyelid Anatomy


Physiological correction of mild to moderate congenital blepharoptosis: A retrospective cohort study involving 97 Eastern Asian patients.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 639 Zhi Zao Ju Road, Shanghai 200011, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Background: Conventional blepharoptosis repair methods distort the normal anatomy of levator aponeurosis and often cause a visible depressed scar in the upper eyelid.

Methods: The levator aponeurosis was dissected as a flap from the pretarsal tissue in mono-eyelid Asian patients who had mild to moderate congenital blepharoptosis. The flap base was advanced and repositioned on the tarsus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2019.02.014DOI Listing

Antoine Ferrein (1693-1769)-His Life and Contribution to Anatomy and Physiology: The Description of the Vocal Chords and Their Function.

Surg Innov 2019 Mar 13:1553350619835346. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

3 Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens, Athens, Greece.

The purpose of this study is to summarize the life and work of the French anatomist and surgeon Antoine Ferrein (1693-1769). Ferrein made an impact in the history of anatomy and physiology through his work and especially with the description of phonation, renal anatomy, and liver and biliary structure. He also made an impact on ophthalmology with the description of the eyelid and its diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1553350619835346DOI Listing

Allergic reaction to platelet-rich plasma (PRP): Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(10):e14702

Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics, Medical University of Lublin.

Rationale: In the recent years, growing interest is focused on the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in wound healing and tissue regeneration. There are a number of papers regarding the usefulness of PRP in the healing of ulcerations, skin injures, bone loss or distraction osteogenesis. Most authors emphasize the safety of PRP usage due to its authogenic nature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014702DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Evaluation of the ocular surface characteristics and Demodex infestation in paediatric and adult blepharokeratoconjunctivitis.

BMC Ophthalmol 2019 Mar 7;19(1):67. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Eye & ENT Hospital, Fudan University, 83 Fenyang Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai, 200031, China.

Background: To evaluate the ocular surface characteristics and the infestation of Demodex in Chinese paediatric and adult blepharokeratoconjunctivitis (BKC).

Methods: Fifty consecutive patients with BKC and 50 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were enrolled. Lid margin characteristics and corneal disorders were evaluated under slit-lamp illumination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-019-1074-5DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Ocular phenotypic consequences of a single copy deletion of the gene () in mice.

Mol Vis 2019 17;25:129-142. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, CA.

Purpose: To identify the effects of a single copy deletion of () in the mouse eye, the ocular phenotypic consequences of were determined in detail.

Methods: Complete ophthalmic examinations, as well as corneal esthesiometry, the phenol red thread test, intraocular pressure, and Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography were performed on and age-matched wild-type (WT) mice between eyelid opening (2 weeks after birth) and adulthood (2 months and 1 year after birth). Following euthanasia, enucleated eyes were characterized histologically. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6382475PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Characteristics of dry eye in patients with pre-existing Sjögren's syndrome according to the revised 2016 ACR-EULAR classification criteria.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(9):e14641

Department of Ophthalmology, Chonnam National University Medical School and Hospital, Gwangju.

To compare the characteristics of dry eye (DE) patients who did and did not satisfy the 2016 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)-European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria for primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) among patients with pre-existing SS diagnosed according to the 2012 ACR criteriaThis cross-sectional study evaluated 91 patients with pre-existing SS and 55 with non-SS DE. Patients with SS were divided into 2 groups according to whether they met the revised 2016 ACR-EULAR classification criteria for primary SS. Group 1 (n = 71) was comprised of patients who satisfied the revised 2016 criteria and group 2 (n = 20) was comprised of patients who did not satisfy the newly revised criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014641DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Human Lacrimal Drainage System Reconstruction, Recanalization, and Regeneration.

Curr Eye Res 2019 Feb 22:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a Institute of Functional and Clinical Anatomy , Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg , Erlangen , Germany.

Purpose: This review examines the broad contexts of the reconstructive and recanalization strategies of the human lacrimal drainage system.

Materials And Methods: A PubMed search was performed using individually and combination of the terms "lacrimal," "reconstruction", "recanalization," "canaliculus," "canalicular," "stenosis," "obstruction," "block," "drainage," "disorder," "disease," "nasolacrimal duct (NLD)," "endoscopy," "dacryoendoscopy," "trauma," "laceration," "stents," "repair," "tubes," "tear," "eyelid," "Sisler," "trephine," and "trephination". Selections from these lists were the basis of examination of reconstruction and recanalization strategies of multiple lacrimal disorders and their outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02713683.2019.1580376DOI Listing
February 2019

Repair Techniques for Failed Double-Eyelids Involving Restoration of Eyelid Anatomical Structure and Function.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Mylike Medical Cosmetic Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Background: This study aimed to evaluate techniques for repairing previously failed double-eyelid surgeries based on different anatomical structure injuries.

Methods: A total of 120 patients with failed double-eyelids in our hospital were enrolled and classified into four types according to their anatomical structure damage: type I, unsmooth radians of the double-eyelid line; type II, upper socket depression; type III, iatrogenic ptosis; and type IV, comprehensive damage. Accordingly, methods of restoration included orbital septum fat supplement, repair of levator palpebrae superioris, and treatment of scar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-019-01328-2DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Endoscopic transorbital transtentorial approach to middle incisural space: preclinical cadaveric study.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Neurological Surgery, National Defense Medical Center, Tri-Service General Hospital, No 325, Section 2, Cheng-Kung Road, Neihu, 114, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Endoscopic transorbital approach is a novel development of minimally invasive skull base surgery. Recently, anatomical studies have started to discuss the expanded utilization of endoscopic transorbital route for intracranial intradural lesions. The goal of this cadaveric study is to assess the feasibility of endoscopic transorbital transtentorial approach for exposure of middle incisural space. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00701-019-03831-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-019-03831-6DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Multi-Step Grading System for Evaluation of Chronic Ocular Sequelae in Patients with Stevens-Johnson Syndrome.

Am J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Vision Eye Institute, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, North West Academic Centre, University of Melbourne, Australia.

Purpose: To propose a new scoring system for grading of chronic ocular sequelae in Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS).

Design: Reliability and validity analysis PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred eyes of 200 patients with chronic ocular SJS/TEN were included in the study.

Settings: Single centre, tertiary eye care referral centre METHODS: All patients of SJS/TEN with chronic (more than one year) ocular sequelae were recruited for the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2019.01.028DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Safety and efficacy of wiping lid margins with lid hygiene shampoo using the "eye brush", a novel lid hygiene item, in healthy subjects: a pilot study.

BMC Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 4;19(1):41. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

Background: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of using a lid hygiene brush prototype to wipe the lid margins with lid hygiene shampoo in subjects with normal meibomian glands.

Methods: Twelve eyes of 6 subjects were all evaluated just before and after wiping lid margins using 1) tap water alone, 2) Eye Shampoo, 3) Eye Brush, or 4) both products, each during a different week. The results after using both products twice daily for 1 month were also evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-019-1052-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360667PMC
February 2019
1 Read

18F-FDG PET/CT for staging and response assessment of primary parotid MALT lymphoma with multiple sites involvement: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(5):e14270

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Lanzhou University.

Rationale: Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is an extranodal low-grade B cell lymphoma that generally exhibits an indolent clinical course. Currently, the application of F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) in MALT lymphoma is still controversial. Herein, we reported a case of using F-FDG PET/CT for staging and response assessment of primary parotid MALT lymphoma with multiple sites involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380729PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Chewing induced reflex seizures ("eating epilepsy") and eye closure sensitivity as a common feature in pediatric patients with SYNGAP1 mutations: Review of literature and report of 8 cases.

Seizure 2019 Feb 22;65:131-137. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Paracelsus Medical University, Strubergasse 21, 5020 Salzburg, Austria; Hospital for Neuropediatrics and Neurological Rehabilitation, Epilepsy Center for Children and Adolescents, Krankenhausstr. 20, 83569 Vogtareuth, Germany.

Purpose: Heterozygous SYNGAP1 gene mutations have been associated with several forms of idiopathic generalized epilepsy, autism spectrum disorders and delay of psychomotor development. We report eight patients with a SYNGAP1 mutation and chewing/eating induced reflex seizures as new phenotype and compare them to other patients with eating epilepsy and genetic mutations.

Methods: Presentation of clinical and anamnestic features and retrospective analysis of Video-EEG data of a 4 year old index patient with SYNGAP1 mutation and chewing /eating induced seizures. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10591311183046
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2018.12.020DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

The infraorbital artery: From descriptive anatomy to mucosal perforator flap design.

Head Neck 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hospital Tenon, Paris, France.

Background: The terminal and perforating branches of the infraorbital artery (IOA) are poorly described. Its anatomical situation and mucosal component could provide an interesting donor site for mucosal reconstruction. The aims of the following study were to establish an anatomical description and to assess the feasibility of mucosal perforator flaps for eyelid and nasal reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25653DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Bone wax migrates to the orbit in a patient with a frontal sinus abnormality: a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2019 Jan 24;19(1):29. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Ophthalmology, the 2nd Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, 410011, Hunan Province, China.

Background: Bone wax is the most widely used hemostatic bone sealant because of its availability, ease of use, immediate action, and minimal adverse effects. Several complications have been reported to be associated with the use of bone wax, such as infection, osteohypertrophy, pain, granuloma formation, allergic reaction, and thrombosis. Here, we present a rare complication, namely, bone wax migration, which developed after a craniotomy on a patient who had a frontal sinus abnormality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-019-1037-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345031PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

MicroRNAs control eyelid development through regulating Wnt signaling.

Dev Dyn 2019 Mar 4;248(3):201-210. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Division of Oral Anatomy, Department of Oral Biological Science, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.

Background: The timing, location, and level of gene expression are crucial for normal organ development, because morphogenesis requires strict genetic control. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding small single-stranded RNAs that play a critical role in regulating gene expression level. Although miRNAs are known to be involved in many biological events, the role of miRNAs in organogenesis is not fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dvdy.10DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Primary Cutaneous Angiosarcoma of the Eyelid: A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenge.

Ocul Oncol Pathol 2018 Jun 12;4(4):230-235. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Department of Ophthalmic Pathology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Primary cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare vasoformative malignant neoplasm that can present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. We describe a 76-year-old Caucasian man with right upper eyelid swelling and nodularity, initially suspected clinically to represent either ocular adnexal lymphoma or basal cell carcinoma. Incisional biopsy and wide resection of the mass with frozen section control of margins were interpreted as compatible with hobnail (Dabska-retiform) hemangioendothelioma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000485427DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322085PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Association Between Sleep Quality, Mood Status, and Ocular Surface Characteristics in Patients With Dry Eye Disease.

Cornea 2019 Mar;38(3):311-317

Department of Ophthalmology, The Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Purpose: To evaluate sleep and mood status in patients with dry eye disease (DED) and analyze the association between sleep quality, mood status, and ocular surface characteristics.

Methods: Consecutive patients with DED (N = 106) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (N = 50) were enrolled. Tear fluid break up time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining, and Schirmer I tests were performed in the order listed here to evaluate dry eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000001854DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Usefulness of the orbicularis oculi myocutaneous flap in periorbital reconstruction.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 27;19(4):254-259. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Dermatology, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea.

Background: The esthetic and functional outcomes of periorbital defect reconstruction are very important because of the complex anatomy and specialized functions of this region. The orbicularis oculi myocutaneous (OOMC) flap is useful for the reconstruction of periorbital defects. But, according to the location and depth of the defects, the reconstruction using OMC flaps with various techniques is rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2018.02019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325325PMC
December 2018

Relationship Between Ocular Surface Epithelial Damage, Tear Abnormalities, and Blink in Patients With Dry Eye.

Cornea 2019 Mar;38(3):318-324

Frontier Medical Science and Technology for Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Purpose: Considering that tears play the role of a lubricant, it is speculated that in the pathophysiology of dry eye, increased friction during blinking results in corneal and conjunctival damage, which may subsequently affect the blink. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between ocular surface epithelial damage, tear abnormalities, and blinks in patients with dry eye.

Methods: This study involved 45 eyes of 45 female patients with dry eye (mean age: 57. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00003226-900000000-9665
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000001841DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin-Related Allergic Pathway in Patients With Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis.

Cornea 2019 Mar;38(3):344-351

Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Purpose: To investigate the expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and the relevant signaling pathways in the giant papillae obtained from patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) and to study the potential functional role and molecular mechanism of TSLP.

Methods: Giant papillae from VKC patients and control samples were used to perform immunohistochemical staining and analyze the mRNA expression of TSLP and related pathway by real-time polymerase chain reaction.

Results: TSLP was markedly expressed in the epithelial cells and some inflammatory cells of giant papillae, but not in the control conjunctival tissue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000001832DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Morbihan disease: treatment difficulties and diagnosis: a case report.

Pan Afr Med J 2018 26;30:226. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Ibn Rochd University Hospital, Casablanca, Morocco.

Morbihan disease (MD) is a rare entity. Its nosography is unclear and its therapeutic management is difficult. We report a new case of MD. Read More

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http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/30/226
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.226.14440DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295304PMC
January 2019
25 Reads

Laterally Based Orbicularis Oculi Myocutaneous Flap: Revisiting for the Secondary Ectropion Correction.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The management of lower eyelid ectropion is considered a challenge. Lower eyelid ectropion is conventionally reconstructed with a full-thickness skin graft or a local flap. However, complications as scar contracture and the recurrence of ectropion frequently occur. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005081DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

A Case with Unique Dermoscopic Findings: Collision of an Apocrine Gland Cyst and a Trichoblastoma.

J Nippon Med Sch 2018 ;85(6):334-336

Department of Dermatology, Nippon Medical School.

We report a case of a blue-black nodule on the left upper eyelid of a 77-year-old woman. Dermoscopic examination of the lesion revealed a purple or purple-red homogenous opaque area like that often observed in apocrine gland cysts and a yellow-whitish homogenous structure with arborizing vessels. After resection of the tumor, a final diagnosis of collision of an apocrine gland cyst and a trichoblastoma was made. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1272/jnms.JNMS.2018_85-54DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Rhabdomyoblastic differentiation in rosai dorfman disease of the orbit in a 12-year-old male.

Niger J Clin Pract 2018 Dec;21(12):1670-1673

Department of Ophthalmology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease involving the orbit has been reported severally with extensive discourse on management strategies. However, rhabdomyoblastic differentiation coexisting with the disease is yet unreported. We present the clinical and histopathological features of a 12-year-old boy presenting with both. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_262_17DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

T cell-lymphoma in the eyelid of a 9-year-old English Setter.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Dec 6;60(1):79. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Eye Pathology Section, Department of Pathology, Rigshospitalet, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederik V's Vej, 11, 1st Floor, 2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.

Background: Eyelid tumours are frequently found in dogs, most of these being benign. In case of an ulcerating eyelid tumour, malignancy must be considered. We report a unique case of a low-grade peripheral T-cell lymphoma in the eyelid of a 9-year-old English Setter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0432-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6284267PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Basal cell carcinoma and basosquamous carcinoma, two faces of the same condition?

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):989-996

Department of Microscopic Morphology, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, Romania; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, Romania;

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common locally invasive malignant epidermal neoplasm. It is generally a tumor that runs a slow progressive course and can usually be cured by surgery. Basosquamous carcinoma is considered by some authors a rare subtype of BCC, while others describe it as independent tumor with different evolution from BCC. Read More

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January 2019
6 Reads

Mixed (nodular and morpheic) upper eyelid basal cell carcinoma with orbital invasion - histological and clinical features.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2018 ;59(3):977-983

Department of Plastic Surgery, "Grigore T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iaşi, Romania;

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of cancer located in the periocular area. We will present the clinical case of a 63-year-old male patient who was admitted to the 2nd Clinic of Neurosurgery, "Prof. Dr. Read More

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January 2019
7 Reads

Vitamin D Enhances the Efficacy of Topical Artificial Tears in Patients With Dry Eye Disease.

Cornea 2019 Mar;38(3):304-310

Department of Ophthalmology, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of topical carbomer-based lipid-containing artificial tears (CLAT) and hyaluronate (HU) in patients with dry eye disease (DED) based on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25HD) levels and cholecalciferol (vitamin D) supplementation.

Methods: A total of 116 patients with DED from June 2015 to June 2016 were included. The participants were divided into the vitamin D deficiency (VDD) group and the non-VDD group according to their serum 25HD levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000001822DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

A new approach to lower eyelid-cheek junction rejuvenation.

J Cosmet Dermatol 2019 Feb 5;18(1):45-50. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Beijing Lomeye Cosmetic Surgery Clinic, Beijing, China.

Background: Anti-aging in lower eyelid-cheek junction area has always been the upmost widely sought of cosmetic surgery. Removal of orbital fat from inside or outside, removal of part of the skin or even the orbicularis muscle, superficial pull and deep fill and a series of surgical procedures like these have been or are becoming the mainstream of clinical practice. However, aging involves a variety of tissues and causes, which is a dynamic and continuous process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12832DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Immunoglobulin G4-Related Periorbital Soft-Tissue Destruction.

J Craniofac Surg 2019 Jan;30(1):e26-e28

Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital and Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital.

A study on immunoglobulin G4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) with destructive changes in periorbital soft tissues was presented. The patient was an 89-year-old-man who developed a left-sided orbital lesion involving the globe, lacrimal gland, and extraocular muscles. A diagnosis of definite IgG4-ROD was made based on clinical and histopathologic findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004924DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A review of ophthalmic local and regional anesthesia in dogs and cats.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2019 Jan 7;46(1):14-27. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel. Electronic address:

Objective: Orbital and globe surgeries are commonly performed in companion animals and are considered to cause moderate to severe pain. Regional anesthesia techniques can provide complete sensory blockade, analgesia for painful procedures and improve surgical conditions. The purpose of this review is to summarize local and regional anesthesia techniques for ophthalmic surgery in dogs and cats with emphasis on veterinary publications in the past 12 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2018.10.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Zygomycosis due to Mucor racemosus Associated with a Circovirus Infection in a Blue Tit (Cyanistes caeruleus).

J Comp Pathol 2018 Nov 1;165:67-71. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Centre for Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Clinic for Birds, Small Mammals, Reptiles and Ornamental Fish, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Sonnenstrasse 18, Oberschleißheim, Germany.

In spring 2014, several wild passeriform garden birds were found severely ill or dead, all with severe periocular swellings. A blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) showing severe depression was humanely destroyed and sent for necropsy examination. In this bird, the lower eyelids were sagging, red and oedematous. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2018.09.011DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Reply: Microanatomy of Sensory Nerves in the Upper Eyelid: A Cadaveric Anatomical Study.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Feb;143(2):437e-438e

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Japan Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan Institute of Education, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan Department of Clinical Anatomy, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005235DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Eyelash hair transplantation with strip composite eyebrow graft: an enhancing technique in tarsoconjunctival flap eyelid reconstruction procedure.

Orbit 2018 Nov 27:1-4. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

a Oculoplastics Department , Instituto de Oftalmología Fundación Conde de Valenciana , Mexico City , Mexico.

Purpose: To describe and evaluate the eyelash transplantation with strip composite eyebrow graft to improve eyelid anatomy in tarsoconjunctival flap eyelid reconstruction procedure.

Methods: Twenty two patients with eyelid tumors managed by local excision and reconstruction using tarsoconjunctival flap reconstruction procedure were included. Eyelash graft was performed during flap division by harvesting a graft from the eyebrow and creating a recipient pocket in the receptor eyelid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01676830.2018.1546324DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Corneoconjunctival manifestations of lymphoma in three dogs.

J Vet Sci 2019 Jan;20(1):98-101

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Research Institute for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.

An 8-year-old Shih Tzu, a 5-year-old Maltese, and a 10-year-old Maltese presented with conjunctival hyperemia and peripheral corneal edema. Severe conjunctival thickening with varying degrees of corneal extension was observed. Cytological examination showed many large lymphocytes with malignant changes in the conjunctiva which was consistent with findings in fine-needle aspiration samples taken from regional lymph nodes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2019.20.1.98DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351767PMC
January 2019
15 Reads

Surgical correction of residual facial deformity following conservative excision of a giant maxillary ossifying fibroma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13186

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Rationale: Ossifying fibroma (OF) is a benign fibro-osseous lesion that can develop in the oral and maxillofacial region. OF is more common in females and has a marked predilection for the mandible, occurring rarely in the maxilla. Lesions grow slowly and are usually asymptomatic until growth produces an obvious swelling, pain, paresthesia, and facial deformity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013186DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Corrective Strategies for a Complex Deformity Caused by "European-Style Double Eyelid" Blepharoplasty in Asians.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2019 Apr 19;43(2):395-403. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Anatomy and Histo Embryology, School of Basic Medical Science, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Background: "European-style double eyelid" blepharoplasty often leads to a complex deformity, which includes one or more of the following features: a high fold, upper eyelid depression, multiple folds, an obvious scar, blepharoptosis, and lower flap tumidness. However, there is still a lack of comprehensive research on evaluation and treatment strategies for this complex deformity.

Methods: During a 6-year period, 65 patients (106 eyes) with a high fold and upper eyelid depression underwent corrective blepharoplasty. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00266-018-1262-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00266-018-1262-3DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Ocular Surface Disease in New World Camelids.

Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 2019 Jan;22(1):69-79

Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, University of Georgia Veterinary Teaching Hospital, 2200 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA. Electronic address:

This article discusses the anatomy, physiology, and common disease affecting the ocular surface of New World camelids, llamas, and alpacas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cvex.2018.09.001DOI Listing
January 2019

Ocular Examination and Corneal Surface Disease in the Ferret.

Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 2019 Jan;22(1):27-33

Tai Wai Small Animal & Exotic Hospital, 75 Chik Shun Street, Tai Wai, Shatin, Hong Kong.

This article provides a brief, clinically relevant review of corneal surface disease in the ferret. A description of the ophthalmic examination of the ferret is provided. Stepwise descriptions of the most common ophthalmic abnormalities are provided, along with common rule-outs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cvex.2018.08.004DOI Listing
January 2019

Ocular Surface Disease of Rabbits.

Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 2019 Jan;22(1):1-14

Comparative Ophthalmology, University of Georgia, 2200 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30202, USA. Electronic address:

Rabbits have become a popular house pet that is encountered with increasing frequency in small animal veterinary practice. The unique anatomy of the rabbit predisposes them to developing surface ocular problems including the development of dacryocystitis, as well as conjunctivitis and keratitis. This article endeavors to give an updated outline of the various conditions affecting the rabbit ocular surface, with emphasis on diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cvex.2018.08.003DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Three-dimensional structure of the orbicularis retaining ligament: an anatomical study using micro-computed tomography.

Sci Rep 2018 Nov 19;8(1):17042. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Anatomy, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

The orbicularis retaining ligament (ORL) is an important structure for maintaining the eyelid and cheek skin and contouring the characteristic facial appearance. However, the ORL is a delicate structure that is easily damaged in manual dissection. This study aimed to comprehensively investigate the ORL using a micro-computed tomography (mCT) with phosphotungstic acid (PTA) preparation for the acquisition of its three-dimensional information non-destructively. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-35425-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35425-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6242969PMC
November 2018
17 Reads

Orbital Arteriovenous Fistula Coexistent with an Arteriovenous Hemangioma: A Rare Occurrence and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 14;122:287-292. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Juntendo University, Urayasu Hospital, Urayasu, Chiba, Japan.

Background: Orbital arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare entity with only 17 cases reported so far. An arteriovenous hemangioma is a distinct entity of an angioma that most frequently affects the skin. However, to our knowledge, there has not been a case arising in the orbit. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183254
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.003DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

Regeneration of different types of tissues depends on the interplay of stem cells-laden constructs and microenvironments in vivo.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2019 Jan 9;94:938-948. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; Dr. Li Dak Sum & Yip Yio Chin Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address:

The ability of repair and regeneration of tissues or organs has been significantly improved by using biomaterials-based constructs. Our previous studies found the regeneration of both articular cartilage and subchondral bone by implantation of a poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)/fibrin gel/bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs)/(lipofectamine/pDNA-transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1) construct in vivo, without the step of pre-induced differentiation of the laden stem cells in vitro. To substantiate the ability to regenerate multi-types of tissues by the same constructs, in this study the constructs were implanted into three types of tissues or tissue defects in vivo, including subcutaneous fascia layer, and ear cartilage and eyelid tarsal plate defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2018.10.035DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads