604,187 results match your criteria Eye & Contact Lens: Science and Clinical Practice[Journal]


Association between prism adaptation and auditory cues on spatial navigation in individuals with unilateral neglect.

Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Rehabilitation Unit, University Hospital of Bordeaux, France; EA4136, Bordeaux University, France; French Institute for Research on Handicap (IFRH), France. Electronic address:

Background: Unilateral neglect is common among right-hemispheric stroke individuals and also concerns the auditory modality. Prism adaptation can improve auditory extinction during a dichotic listening task, but its effect during an ecological task has not been studied.

Objective: The main objective was to evaluate whether lateralized cueing before and after prism adaptation improved virtual spatial navigation of stroke individuals with visual and auditory unilateral neglect. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18770657193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rehab.2019.03.005DOI Listing
April 2019
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A De Novo Sphenoparietal Dural Arteriovenous Fistula: Unveiling The Deceitful Culprit.

World Neurosurg 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Baptist Neurological Institute Lyerly Neurosurgery Department of Cerebrovascular Neurosurgery Jacksonville, Florida USA.

Introduction: Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are an uncommon pathology, and a sphenoparietal drainage pattern is certainly rare. We present a case of a de novo sphenoparietal dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) in a pre-pubsecent pediatric patient previously treated for a cerebellar arteriovenous malformation (AVM) 10 years before.

Case Description: A 10 year old male presented with worsening headaches for the past few weeks, swelling of the right side of face and eye, chemosis and proptosis of the right eye. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750193111
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.04.120DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Medical and surgical management of conjunctivochalasis.

Ocul Surf 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Conjunctivochalasis (CCH) is a bilateral conjunctival condition characterized by loose, redundant conjunctival folds, typically in the inferior bulbar conjunctiva. It is a common cause of ocular irritation, especially in older age. For asymptomatic CCH, no treatment is necessary. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15420124183045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtos.2019.04.008DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Medium optimization and characterization of cell culture system from Penaeus vannamei for adaptation of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).

J Virol Methods 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Aquatic animal health and environment division, ICAR-Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture, #75, Santhome High Road, Raja Annamalaipuram; Chennai, Tamil Nadu, 600028, India. Electronic address:

The lack of shrimp cell lines and difficulty in establishing shrimp cell culture systems, with an appropriate medium is a major concern in the aquaculture sector. The present study attempts to address this issue by developing an in vitro cell culture system from various tissues (hemocytes, heart, lymphoid tissue, hepatopancreas, gill, eye stalk, and muscle) of Penaeus vannamei (P.vannamei) using commercially available L-15 medium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2019.04.016DOI Listing

Development of lacrimal gland inflammation in the mouse model of herpes stromal keratitis.

Exp Eye Res 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Visual and Anatomical Sciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA; Kresge Eye Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA. Electronic address:

Herpes stromal keratitis (HSK) is a chronic immunoinflammatory condition which develops in response to recurrent herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) infection of the cornea. Patients with HSK often demonstrate the concurrence of corneal desiccation and the loss of blink reflex. However, the relationship between severity of HSK, level of basal tears and inflammation of the lacrimal gland is mostly unexplored. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00144835193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2019.04.022DOI Listing
April 2019
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Refractive Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery vs. Conventional Manual Surgery: Comparing Efficacy and Safety in 3144 Eyes.

Am J Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Uptown Eye Specialists, Vaughan, Canada. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report on outcomes of efficacy and safety in one of the largest series of eyes undergoing either conventional manual cataract surgery (MCS) or refractive femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (ReLACS).

Design: Retrospective, consecutive, interventional comparative case series.

Methods: This study included 3144 consecutive eyes of which 1580 were treated via MCS and 1564 were treated via ReLACS at Uptown Surgical Centre in Vaughan, Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Changes in Retinal Microcirculation Precede the Clinical Onset of Diabetic Retinopathy in Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Am J Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Dr. Sami Ulus Children's Health and Disease Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To investigate whether abnormal glucose metabolism in diabetes mellitus (DM) affects the retinal microcirculation of children with well-controlled type 1 DM and to compare these results with those obtained from healthy children.

Design: Cross-sectional prospective study.

Methods: This study enrolled 60 patients with DM without clinically detectable diabetic retinopathy (DR) and who met 57 age-matched controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2019.04.011DOI Listing

Recent advances in gelatin-based therapeutics.

Expert Opin Biol Ther 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

a NanoBioCel Group, Laboratory of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Paseo de la Universidad 7 , Vitoria-Gasteiz 01006 , Spain .

Introduction: Biomaterials have provided a wide range of exciting opportunities in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Gelatin, a collagen-derived natural biopolymer, has been extensively used in regenerative medicine applications over the years, due to its cell-responsive properties and the capacity to deliver a wide range of biomolecules. Areas covered: The most relevant properties of gelatin as biomaterial are presented together with its main therapeutic applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14712598.2019.1610383DOI Listing

A Facial-Action Imposter: How Head Tilt Influences Perceptions of Dominance From a Neutral Face.

Psychol Sci 2019 Apr 22:956797619838762. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia.

Research on face perception tends to focus on facial morphology and the activation of facial muscles while ignoring any impact of head position. We raise questions about this approach by demonstrating that head movements can dramatically shift the appearance of the face to shape social judgments without engaging facial musculature. In five studies (total N = 1,517), we found that when eye gaze was directed forward, tilting one's head downward (compared with a neutral angle) increased perceptions of dominance, and this effect was due to the illusory appearance of lowered and V-shaped eyebrows caused by a downward head tilt. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797619838762DOI Listing

Leber Congenital Amaurosis (LCA): Potential for Improvement of Vision.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2019 Apr;60(5):1680-1695

Scheie Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.

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http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?doi=10.1167/iovs.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.19-26672DOI Listing
April 2019
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Prevalence, awareness and control of diabetes in Russia: The Ural Eye and Medical Study on adults aged 40+ years.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(4):e0215636. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Mannheim of the Ruprecht-Karls-University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.

Purpose: Non-communicable chronic diseases have become the leading causes of mortality and disease burden worldwide. With information about the frequency of diabetes as a major non-communicable chronic disease in Russia being scarce, we assessed the prevalence of diabetes and its associated factors in a rural and urban population in Russia.

Methods: The Ural Eye and Medical Study is a population-based study in the city of Ufa/Russia and in villages in a distance of 65 km from Ufa. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215636PLOS
April 2019
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How does a protein's structure spell the difference between health and disease? Our journey to understand glaucoma-associated myocilin.

PLoS Biol 2019 Apr 22;17(4):e3000237. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

Over 20 years ago, alterations to the protein myocilin were confirmed to be linked to a heritable form of the prevalent eye disease, glaucoma, and 10 years ago, my lab set out to develop a deeper understanding of myocilin in its normal and diseased state. We have made strides in understanding how genetic mutations in myocilin likely lead to disease, but unlocking myocilin's biological function is still an elusive goalpost. Is normal myocilin unimportant in the human body? Are scientists using the wrong methods to study myocilin biology? Here, I discuss my scientific journey into understanding one small part of the fascinating organ that is the eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000237DOI Listing
April 2019
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Analysis of the Corneal Anterior and Posterior Surface in Patients With Peripheral Hypertrophic Subepithelial Corneal Opacification.

Eye Contact Lens 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Ophthalmology (J.C.R., A.M., J.W.-P., N.P., A.G.), University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany; and Division of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics (V.W.-E.), Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics (IMBEI), University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Purpose: To characterize the corneal changes in peripheral hypertrophic subepithelial corneal opacification (PHSCO) considering elevation of the anterior and posterior corneal surface, corneal astigmatism, tear secretion, and endothelial cell density.

Methods: Thirty-eight eyes of 22 patients with PHSCO on at least 1 eye and 38 eyes of 22 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were included in this retrospective cross-sectional study. Using the Pentacam system (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany), measurement of the anterior and posterior corneal surface was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000615DOI Listing
April 2019
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Effects of Soft Toric, Rigid Gas-Permeable, and Mini-Scleral Lenses on Corneal Microstructure Using Confocal Microscopy.

Eye Contact Lens 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Cornea and Refractive Surgery Department (F.A., M.S., G.L., S.H.A., M.K.), Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; and Ophthalmic Research and Education Center (S.D.), Al Zahra Eye Hospital, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

Objective: To determine effects of wearing soft toric silicone hydrogel, rigid gas-permeable (RGP), and mini-scleral lenses on corneal microstructure using confocal microscopy.

Method: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 33 neophyte patients fitted with contact lenses (avg. age: 26±7 years) in the tertiary eye center. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00140068-900000000-9915
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000612DOI Listing
April 2019
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Comment on "US FDA Breast Implant Postapproval Studies: Long-term Outcomes in 99,993 Patients".

Ann Surg 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Past President, American Society of Plastic Surgeons, Lenox Hill Hospital/Manhattan Eye, Ear, and Throat Hospital, Northwell Health System, Hofstra School of Medicine, New York, NY Past President, American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Aesthetic Plastic Surgical Institute, Laguna Beach, CA; Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA Past President, American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Private Practice, Eugene, OR Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000003293DOI Listing
April 2019
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Retinal vascular abnormalities in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: A window to the brain.

Bipolar Disord 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Dept. of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India.

Objectives: The examination of retinal microvascular abnormalities through fundus photography is currently the best available non-invasive technique for assessment of cerebral vascular status. Several studies in the last decade have reported higher incidences of adverse cerebrovascular events in Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD). However, retinal microvasculature abnormalities in SCZ and BD have remained under-explored, and no study has compared this aspect of SCZ and BD till date. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bdi.12779
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bdi.12779DOI Listing
April 2019
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Genetic variants of TSPAN12 gene in patients with retinopathy of prematurity.

J Cell Biochem 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, TianJin, PR China.

Genetic susceptibility to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) has been reported. However, no virulence genes are currently known for ROP. This study aimed to assess FZD4, LRP5, TSPAN12, and NDP, which are known virulence genes involved in familial exudative vitreoretinopathy, an ailment that shares some symptoms with ROP. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jcb.28715
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcb.28715DOI Listing
April 2019
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Homozygous stop mutation in AHR causes autosomal recessive foveal hypoplasia and infantile nystagmus.

Brain 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Institute for Ophthalmic Research, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.

Herein we present a consanguineous family with three children affected by foveal hypoplasia with infantile nystagmus, following an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. The patients showed normal electroretinography responses, no signs of albinism, and no anterior segment or brain abnormalities. Upon whole exome sequencing, we identified a homozygous mutation (c. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/brain/advance-article/doi/10.1093/b
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awz098DOI Listing
April 2019
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Clinical course and risk factors of recurrent corneal erosion: Observational study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(16):e14964

Department of Ophthalmology, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo 173-8605.

Recurrent corneal erosion (RCE) is a common disorder causing ocular pain, tearing, photophobia, and visual impairments. Various factors such as ocular trauma, ocular surgery, corneal dystrophy, contact lens wear, and diabetes mellitus (DM) can cause RCE. The purpose of this study was to determine the causative factors and clinical course of RCE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014964DOI Listing

"Effectiveness of retrobulbar hyaluronidase injection in an iatrogenic blindness rabbit model using hyaluronic acid filler injection".

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare center, Dankook University, College of Medicine, South Korea.

Background: Blindness caused by soft tissue filler injection is the most tragic complication, with no standard treatments until recently. Retrobulbar hyaluronidase injection has been proposed as the treatment, but its effectiveness in visual compromise remains to be determined. The authors aimed to determine the effectiveness of retrobulbar hyaluronidase using soft tissue filler in an iatrogenic blindness animal model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005716DOI Listing
April 2019
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Congenital Cranial Dysinnervation Disorder: An Unusual Phenotype With Multiple Cranial Neuropathies and Novel Neuroimaging Findings.

J Neuroophthalmol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Section of Pediatric Neurology (MSS, SEM), Children's Hospital; Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada; Section of Pediatric Ophthalmology (CM), Children's Hospital; Department of Ophthalmology, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada; Section of Pediatric Radiology (JW), Children's Hospital; Department of Radiology, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

Congenital cranial dysinnervation disorders result from a maldevelopment of brainstem nuclei and/or cranial nerves. In some cases, specific genetic abnormalities have been identified. We expand the clinical phenotype of these disorders with the report of a 28-month-old girl who was initially evaluated for seizures and was found to have right sixth nerve palsy, small optic discs with reduced vision in her right eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNO.0000000000000762DOI Listing

White matter hyperintensity and cognitive impairments in chronic insomniacs.

Neuroreport 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Sleep Medicine Center.

Abnormal sleep architecture and white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) may be involved in cognitive impairment. There is little evidence on the connections between WMHs and chronic insomnia disorder (CID). Therefore, we evaluated the severity of WMHs and polysomnography parameters as well as cognitive tests to explore the underlying connections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0000000000001232DOI Listing
April 2019
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Zone of Clear Single Binocular Vision in Myopic Orthokeratology.

Eye Contact Lens 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Optometry and Vision Science (K.G., P.L.H., K.L.S.), Faculty of Health, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia; and School of Optometry and Vision Science (P.G.), Faculty of Science, University of New South Wales, New South Wales, Australia.

Purpose: To examine the zone of clear single binocular vision (ZCSBV) in myopic children and young adults after 12 months of orthokeratology (OK) wear, in comparison with single-vision soft contact lens (SCL) wear.

Methods: Twelve children (8-16 years) and 8 adults (18-29 years) were assessed with a series of near-point binocular vision tests when myopia was corrected using single-vision SCLs and again after 1 and 12 months of OK wear, and axial length was measured. The ZCSBV was constructed for baseline SCL wear and after 12 months of OK wear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000614DOI Listing
April 2019
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Outcomes of Descemet-Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty in Congenital Hereditary Endothelial Dystrophy.

Eye Contact Lens 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Eye Research Center (M.M., A.N., K.F.), Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; and Noor Ophthalmology Research Center (H.H.), Noor Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: To evaluate the outcomes and complications of Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in children with congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED).

Methods: Eighteen eyes from 10 children with CHED who underwent standard phakic DSAEK were enrolled in this retrospective interventional case series. Medical records including slit-lamp biomicroscopy, cycloplegic refraction, visual acuity, and measurements of central corneal thickness, corneal topography, and endothelial cell density were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000604DOI Listing
April 2019
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Factors That Influence the Success of Contact Lens Fitting in Presbyopes: A Multicentric Survey.

Eye Contact Lens 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

School of Life and Health Sciences (F.Z., S.A.N.), Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Department of Materials Science, University of Milano Bicocca (F.Z.), Milan, Italy; COMiB Research Centre in Optics and Optometry (F.Z.), University of Milano Bicocca, Milan, Italy; Ottica Giorgi (M.D.C.), Rome, Italy; Department of Social and Developmental Psychology (S.L.), La Sapienza University of Rome. Italy; and Ottica Optariston (A.E.), Rome, Italy.

Objectives: To evaluate the key factors behind successful and unsuccessful wear of contact lenses (CLs) for patients with presbyopia.

Method: A multicenter survey was conducted using a questionnaire, in eight CL centers, among two groups of presbyopes: successful wearers (SWs), who were presbyopic and wearing CLs successfully, and unsuccessful wearers (UWs), who tried unsuccessfully to wear CLs to manage their presbyopia and had stopped wearing CLs.

Results: A total of 237 completed questionnaires were returned; 178 from SWs and 59 from UWs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000606DOI Listing

Correlation Between Anterior Corneal Elevation Differences in Main Meridians and Corneal Astigmatism.

Eye Contact Lens 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Optics II (Optometry and Vision) (L.B., G.C.), Faculty of Optics and Optometry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain; Clínica Oftalmológica Doctor Lens (L.B.), Madrid, Spain; Department of Optics, Pharmacology and Anatomy (D.P.), University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain; and Department of Ophthalmology (Oftalmar) (D.P.), Vithas Medimar International Hospital, Alicante, Spain.

Purpose: To assess the correlation between anterior corneal elevation (ACE) and anterior corneal astigmatism (ACA) obtained with two different topographers in healthy subjects at different corneal diameters.

Methods: A retrospective, comparative, and observational study was conducted. Topography data from 305 patients obtained with the Oculus Pentacam (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) and Sirius (CSO, Florence, Italy) systems were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000613DOI Listing

The Cutoff of Ferritin for Evaluation of Hypothyroidism in Patients With Thalassemia.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Background: Thalassemia major is a genetic disease with a recessive autosomal pattern of inheritance that occurs as a result of disorder in hemoglobin synthesis. Researchers aimed to investigate the cutoff of ferritin for the development of hypothyroidism in patients with thalassemia major.

Materials And Methods: This was a retrospective analytic cross-sectional study that was conducted on the medical records of patients with thalassemia major. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000001489DOI Listing

Epithelial Stripping for Divided (Kissing) Nevus of the Eyelid: A Minimally Invasive Technique.

Dermatol Surg 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/DSS.0000000000001937DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Human Oral Processing and Texture Profile Analysis Parameters - Bridging the gap between the sensory evaluation and the instrumental measurements.

J Texture Stud 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Division of Food Sciences, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham.

Studies in food oral processing are becoming increasingly important with the advent of the aged society. The food oral processing model of Hutchings and Lillford (J Texture Studies 19 103-115) describes the structural breakdown and lubrication of ingested food before the swallowing stage, and has been revisited in the present paper. The instrumental technique Texture Profile Analysis (TPA) purports to mimic the first two bites of mastication and its ease of use has lured some researchers to use it without a critical eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jtxs.12404DOI Listing

Rapid and Accurate Diagnosis of the Respiratory Disease Pertussis on a Point-of-Care Biochip.

EClinicalMedicine 2019 Feb 5;8:72-77. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Biomedical Engineering, Border Biomedical Research Center, Environmental Science and Engineering, University of Texas at El Paso, 500 West University Ave, El Paso, TX 79968, USA.

Background: Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by the bacterium (). The infection is difficult to diagnose especially in underserved or resource-limited areas. We developed a low-cost and instrument-free diagnostic method for rapid and accurate detection of on a point-of-care (POC) testing device. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S25895370193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2019.02.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469871PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Self-induced lens subluxation with avulsion of ciliary processes in Tourette Syndrome.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2019 Jun 1;14:95-97. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Purpose: To report a case of self-induced eye injury resulting in lens subluxation combined with avulsion of ciliary processes in a patient with Tourette Syndrome.

Observation: A 14-year-old male had repeated involuntary trauma to the left side of his face. On exam, left eye lens subluxation combined with ciliary process avulsion were noted. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24519936183057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2019.03.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454124PMC
June 2019
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Visualizing mental representations in schizophrenia patients: A reverse correlation approach.

Schizophr Res Cogn 2019 Sep 6;17:100138. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

University Medical Centre Utrecht Brain Centre, dept of Psychiatry, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Schizophrenia patients have difficulties recognizing emotional states from faces, in particular those with negative valence, with severe consequences for daily life. What do these patients see in their minds eye, when they think of a face expressing a particular emotion or trait? The content of such mental representations can shed light into the nature of their deficits, but are usually inaccessible. For the first time, we explored the applicability of reverse correlation, which has been successfully used to visualize mental representations in healthy populations, to visualize mental representations in schizophrenia patients. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22150013183005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scog.2019.100138DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454059PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Orbital Rosai-Dorfman Disease: A Case Report and Literature Review.

J Microsc Ultrastruct 2019 Jan-Mar;7(1):50-52

Department of Pathology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

A 53-year-old male presented with dropping of the right eyelid associated with decreased visual acuity for 4 months. He also complained of vertical diplopia especially when looking down. Ophthalmological examination revealed right blepharospasm associated with right hypertropia. Read More

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http://www.jmau.org/text.asp?2019/7/1/50/254065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JMAU.JMAU_45_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442326PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Self-reported receipt of preventive practices and its associated factors among adults with diabetes in the United States.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Jun 30;14:100857. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Pharmacy Practice Research Unit, College of Pharmacy, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia.

Previous studies indicated that a high proportion of adults with diabetes do not receive recommended preventive care in the United States. Nevertheless, a comprehensive evaluation of the factors associated with the receipt of most recommended preventive care measures collectively is lacking. Therefore, this study describes the utilization of multiple preventive care measures collectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100857DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458492PMC

Clinical Profile and Visual Outcomes of Ocular Syphilis: A Five-year Review in Hospital Universiti Sains, Malaysia.

Cureus 2019 Feb 5;11(2):e4015. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Ophthalmology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu, MYS.

Introduction Ocular syphilis is a sight-threatening condition. It can occur at any stage of syphilis infection, which present either with acute inflammation during the primary, secondary, and early latent stages or with chronic inflammation during tertiary infection, affecting virtually every ocular structure. This study was to report on the clinical presentation of ocular syphilis that presented to eye clinic Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.4015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453624PMC
February 2019

Visual Outcome of Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty during the Learning Curve in Initial Fifty Cases.

J Ophthalmol 2019 17;2019:5921846. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

B.P.Koirala Lions Centre for Ophthalmic Studies, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal.

This study was performed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of the first fifty patients who underwent Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) during the 3-month postoperative period and to describe the challenges encountered during the learning curve. In this retrospective study, we reviewed the charts of patients who underwent DMEK. All information regarding patient demographics, indication for surgery, preoperative and postoperative visual acuity at 3 months, donor age, and complications encountered intraoperatively and postoperatively was recorded. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/joph/2019/5921846/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5921846DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441507PMC
March 2019
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Relative Contributions of Intracranial Pressure and Intraocular Pressure on Lamina Cribrosa Behavior.

J Ophthalmol 2019 17;2019:3064949. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588-0656, USA.

Purpose: To characterize the relative contributions of intraocular pressure (IOP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) on lamina cribrosa (LC) behavior, specifically LC depth (LCD) and LC peak strain.

Methods: An axially symmetric finite element model of the posterior eye was constructed with an elongated optic nerve and retro-orbital subarachnoid space ensheathed by pia and dura mater. The mechanical environment in LC was evaluated with ICP ranging from 5 to 15 mmHg and IOP from 10 to 45 mmHg. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3064949DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441528PMC
March 2019
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[Peacock feather-like desiccation cataract].

Pan Afr Med J 2018 1;31:68. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Université Mohammed V Souissi, Service d'Ophtalmologie de l'Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohamed V, Hay Riad, Rabat, Maroc.

Desiccation cataract is a common complication of posterior vitrectomy. Indeed, the contact between internal gas tamponade and posterior crystalloid can cause early posterior subcapsular cataract occurring in the twenty-four hours, also known as fern leaf-like cataract. It is caused by dehydration of the posterior layers of the crystalline lens or by a block in the metabolic exchanges from both sides of the posterior crystalloid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.31.68.16235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457721PMC
October 2018

Sarcoidosis in the Middle East.

Ann Thorac Med 2019 Apr-Jun;14(2):106-115

College of Medicine and Health Science, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman.

Sarcoidosis, a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown cause, has been described worldwide and in all populations with notable differences in clinical characteristics, organ involvement, disease severity, and prognosis among different ethnic and racial groups. While the exact prevalence of sarcoidosis in the Middle East is unknown, studies from various countries in the region have reported the clinical characteristics of affected patients, along with a few anecdotal reports. A search of the MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases was conducted for relevant English-language articles using the terms "sarcoidosis" and "Middle East" or "sarcoidosis" and "Arabs. Read More

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http://www.thoracicmedicine.org/text.asp?2019/14/2/106/25551
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/atm.ATM_227_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6467024PMC
April 2019
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Traumatic optic neuropathy-a contralateral finding: A case report.

Exp Ther Med 2019 May 27;17(5):4244-4248. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Teaching Hospital Královské Vinohrady, 10034 Prague, Czech Republic.

The present study demonstrates alterations of the contralateral side optic tract to an optic nerve traumatic lesion. Visual acuity of the right eye following Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) remained at 0 following the injury. Electrophysiological examination using pattern electroretinogram revealed values reduced by 50% in the right eye compared with the left eye. Read More

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http://www.spandidos-publications.com/10.3892/etm.2019.7445
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2019.7445DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6468911PMC
May 2019
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Ocular Fireworks Injuries in Eastern Nigeria: A 3-Year Review.

Niger J Surg 2019 Jan-Jun;25(1):42-44

Department of Ophthalmology, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu, Nigeria.

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the incidence and types of ocular injuries caused by fireworks in patients seen at Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha and their effects on vision.

Methods: This was a 3-year retrospective study evaluating case files of patients with ocular fireworks injuries seen at Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha during the Christmas and New Year festivities (2010-2012). Information was extracted into a pro forma and analyzed using Excel, AutoSum, and calculators. Read More

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http://www.nigerianjsurg.com/text.asp?2019/25/1/42/253784
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njs.NJS_29_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452755PMC
April 2019
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Africa Biogas Partnership Program: A Review of Clean Cooking Implementation through Market Development in East Africa.

Energy Sustain Dev 2018 Oct 20;46:23-31. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Hivos.

This paper analyses the Africa Biogas Partnership Program (ABPP) in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. ABPP was established in 2009 to promote adoption of biodigesters by rural households in sub-Saharan Africa. We use the RE-AIM framework (Reach, Effectiveness, Implementation, Adoption, Maintenance) with information from literature, internal documents, primary data from user surveys and interviews with sector stakeholders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2018.05.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6474691PMC
October 2018

Promoting rapid and sustained adoption of biofortified crops: What we learned from iron-biofortified bean delivery approaches in Rwanda.

Food Policy 2019 Feb;83:271-284

HarvestPlus/International Food Policy Research Institute, c/o IFPRI, 1201 Eye St., NW, Washington, DC 20005-3915, USA.

Micronutrient deficiencies, also known as hidden hunger, affect two billion people worldwide, curtailing their ability to lead healthy, productive lives. Biofortified staple crops, bred to be rich in micronutrient content, are a cost-effective and scalable solution to alleviating micronutrient deficiency, particularly among rural households who consume what they produce. Delivery of biofortified planting material in Rwanda began in 2012, and it is important to learn from the efforts undertaken to date to inform the design of higher impact - lower cost delivery strategies for scaling up these crops. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03069192173107
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2018.11.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472331PMC
February 2019
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Treatment of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma using CyberKnife: A viable alternative.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):704-706

Shree Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services Department, Sankara Nethralaya, College Road, Nungambakkam, Tamil Nadu, India.

Circumscribed choroidal hemangioma is a benign vascular hamartoma without systemic associations. For symptomatic cases, treatment options are photodynamic therapy (PDT), transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT), intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), or radiation therapy. CyberKnife radiosurgery is an image-guided radiation therapy that delivers radiation to lesions anywhere in the body with an accuracy of 0. Read More

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http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2019/67/5/704/256667
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1410_18DOI Listing
May 2019
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Optical coherence tomography angiography in assessment of response to therapy in retinal capillary hemangioblastoma and diffuse choroidal hemangioma.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):701-703

Department of Vitreo-Retina and Ocular Oncology, Sankara Eye Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

In this series, we discuss the role of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in assessing response to treatment in intraocular vascular tumors. This is a series of two cases: Multiple retinal capillary hemangioblastoma (RCH) treated with laser photocoagulation and diffuse choroidal hemangioma (DCH) with radiotherapy. In large RCH and DCH, optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed significant reduction of subretinal and intraretinal fluid. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1429_18DOI Listing

A rare case of bilateral choroidal coloboma within deep posterior staphyloma associated with macular hole retinal detachment.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):699-700

Department of Retina and Vitreous, Nethradhama Superspeciality Eye Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

To report case of bilaterally symmetrical choroidal coloboma within posterior staphyloma with MHRD. This is a case report of a 50year old female presented with diminished vision in both eyes. On examination, she had Bilateral High Myopia with recent onset MHRD associated with symmetrically bilateral Choroidal Coloboma within posterior staphyloma and was operated for MHRD in left eye. Read More

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http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2019/67/5/699/256691
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_729_18DOI Listing
May 2019
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Focal choroidal excavation: Cause or effect?

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):696-698

Department of Vitreo-Retina, Giridhar Eye Institute, Ponneth Temple Road, Kadavanthra, Cochin, Kerala, India.

We report the imaging characteristics of focal choroidal excavation (FCE) and associated choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) and interpret the probable etiopathogenesis of FCE through findings in four patients detected by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). FCE was found as an acquired entity in two of our cases subsequent to treatment of CNVM, whereas in the two other cases FCE was pre-existing. Furthermore, association of FCE with pachychoroid spectrum is reaffirmed through this case series. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1263_18DOI Listing

A novel simplified method for managing inadvertent tube cut during aurolab aqueous drainage implant surgery for refractory glaucoma.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):694-696

Department of Glaucoma, Dave Eye Clinic, 301 Sanket Heights, Akshar Chowk, Sun Pharma Road, Atladara, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

We report a novel simplified method for managing inadvertent tube cut in a patient undergoing the Aurolab aqueous drainage implant (AADI) surgery for refractory neovascular glaucoma. Tube cut occurred while applying the polyglactin ligature suture used to avoid early postoperative hypotony. The short end of the cut tube was removed and the long end reinserted into the base plate of AADI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1708_18DOI Listing

Operating microscope and endoilluminator-induced retinal phototoxic maculopathy after trans-scleral sutured posterior chamber intraocular lens.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):692

Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1233_18DOI Listing

Double dialysis of the iris.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 May;67(5):691

Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_1965_18DOI Listing
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