363 results match your criteria Extrapulmonary Small Cell Carcinoma


Case of metastatic small cell carcinoma of the oropharynx successfully treated with image-guided volumetric modulated arc therapy (IG-VMAT): pushing the limits of technology to match treatment intent.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Dec 3;11(1). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Batra Hospital & Medical Research Centre, New Delhi, Delhi, India.

Extrapulmonary small cell carcinomas (EPSCC) are a rare subtype of neuroendocrine tumours which have been documented to arise from a multitude of sites and treatment outcomes are disappointing. The most common site involved in the head and neck region is the larynx and the oropharynx as a primary site has been infrequently reported. The patient presented with bilateral neck swelling and an ulcerated lesion was noted in the base of tongue (BOT). Read More

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http://www.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-226522
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226522DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Perforation of small intestine secondary to metastatic lung adenocarcinoma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13469

Department of Emergency Surgery, Union Hospital.

Rationale: About 50% of patients with a diagnosis of nonsmall cell lung carcinoma exhibit metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis. The preferential sites of extrapulmonary spread are the lymph nodes, liver, brain, adrenal glands, and bones; gastrointestinal tract perforation secondary to metastatic lung cancer is extremely rare.

Patient Concerns: A 60-year-old male nonsmoker patient presented with a 20-day history of facial, neck, and right upper limb edema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013469DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310494PMC
December 2018

Small Cell Carcinoma of the Hypopharynx.

Cureus 2018 Jul 16;10(7):e2987. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Radiation Oncology, Cross Cancer Center, University of Alberta, Edmonton, CAN.

Small cell carcinoma is rarely found to originate from the hypopharynx and there exists no treatment guidelines due to the small number of cases. Here, we present a case of a female patient with metastatic small cell carcinoma originating from the posterior hypopharynx with lymph node involvement. Her treatment consisted of chemotherapy with etoposide and cisplatin as well as radiation therapy. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/11957-small-cell-carcinoma-o
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2987DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6211776PMC
July 2018
13 Reads

Expanding the phenotype of COPA syndrome: a kindred with typical and atypical features.

J Med Genet 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Pulmonary Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Background: Copa syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with abnormal intracellular vesicle trafficking. The objective of this work is to expand the knowledge about this disorder by delineating phenotypic features of an unreported COPA family.

Methods And Results: A heterozygous missense variant (c. Read More

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http://jmg.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/jmedgenet-2018-105560
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2018-105560DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Primary Gastric Small Cell Carcinoma (Presenting as Linitis Plastica) Diagnosed Using Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy: A Case Report.

Clin Endosc 2018 Oct 5. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University Changwon Hospital, Changwon, Korea.

Small cell carcinomas are the most aggressive, highly malignant neuroendocrine tumors; among these, gastric small cell carcinoma (GSCC) is extremely rare. Here we report a case of a patient with primary GSCC, presenting as linitis plastic, who was diagnosed using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biopsy. With undiagnosed linitis plastica, an 80-year-old woman was referred to our institution. Read More

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http://www.e-ce.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.5946/ce.2018.114
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5946/ce.2018.114DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Successful cisplatin-etoposide chemotherapy-based treatment of a primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the tonsil with multiple metastases: a case report.

Onco Targets Ther 2018 3;11:5391-5395. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Department of Oromaxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery, Affiliated Xuzhou Hospital, College of Medicine, Southeast University, Xuzhou, People's Republic of China,

Extrapulmonary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC) is an extremely rare and highly malignant tumor with a poor prognosis. Multiple metastases of SNEC are even more rare, and patients with locally advanced and metastatic disease generally face a poor outcome. To date, only a few cases of SNEC have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S173231DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6128267PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome Associated With Extrapulmonary Small Cell Cancer Detected by 18F-FDG PET/CT.

Clin Nucl Med 2018 Sep;43(9):697-698

Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

A 46-year-old woman suffering from lower extremity weakness, dysarthria, dysphagia, dyspnea, and dry mouth was suspected of having Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome based on the characteristic electromyographic abnormalities of right ulnar nerve, which demonstrated reduced resting compound muscle action potential amplitude and greater than 100% incremental change in high-frequency repetitive nerve stimulation. An F-FDG PET/CT was performed to detect the underlying neoplasm and revealed a retroperitoneal soft tissue mass with high F-FDG avidity in the left iliac fossa. The patient's symptoms were prominently relieved after the tumor resection, and the histopathology indicated a small cell carcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000002192DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Complete response to ipilimumab and nivolumab therapy in a patient with extensive extrapulmonary high-grade small cell carcinoma of the pancreas and HIV infection.

J Immunother Cancer 2018 Jul 9;6(1):66. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Medicine, Division of Oncology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, 1475 NW 12th Ave. Suite 3400, Miami, FL, 33136, USA.

Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) have shown promising results in many solid tumors. There are limited data on the safety and efficacy of these drugs in HIV infected patients as they have traditionally been excluded from CPIs clinical trials.

Case Presentation: We present a case of an HIV-positive patient with extensive extrapulmonary high-grade small cell carcinoma who was treated with dual CPIs (nivolumab and ipilimumab) with a complete response to therapy and with a manageable safety profile. Read More

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https://jitc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40425-018-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40425-018-0379-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6036694PMC
July 2018
17 Reads

[Small cell carcinoma of external auditory canal:one case report].

Authors:

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Jul;32(13):1032-1033

The aim of the study was to present a case of small cell carcinoma of external auditory canal and associated facial nerve paralysis. Extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma from the head and neck is rarely described and carries a poor prognosis. To our knowledge, this is the first case report describing small cell carcinoma of the EAC in our nationality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.13.019DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Immunohistochemical expression and prognostic value of PD-L1 in Extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma: a single institution experience.

J Immunother Cancer 2018 May 29;6(1):42. Epub 2018 May 29.

Lahey Hospital & Medical Center, Hematology and Oncology, Burlington, MA, USA.

Background: Extrapulmonary small cell carcinomas (ESCC) are rare but aggressive tumors. Relapses are common despite treatment with chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Prospective data for treatment of ESCC are lacking; treatment of these cancers usually incorporates lung small cell carcinoma treatment recommendations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40425-018-0359-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5975459PMC
May 2018
3 Reads

Dual Paraneoplastic Endocrine Syndromes Heralding Onset of Extrapulmonary Small Cell Carcinoma: A Case Report and Narrative Review.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018 18;9:170. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai St. Luke's and West Hospital Center, New York, NY, United States.

Objective: Extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma (EPSCC) is rare and frequent metastases at presentation can complicate efforts to identify a site of origin. In particular, SCC comprises <1% of prostate cancers and has been implicated in castration resistance.

Methods: Clinical, laboratory, imaging, and pathology data are presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00170DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5932342PMC
April 2018
7 Reads

Whole-Exome Sequencing of Sinonasal Small Cell Carcinoma Arising within a Papillary Schneiderian Carcinoma In Situ.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Nov 8;159(5):859-865. Epub 2018 May 8.

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Objective: The pathogenetic underpinnings of extrapulmonary small cell carcinomas (EPSCCs) of the head and neck are poorly understood. We sought to describe the clinical case and whole-exome DNA sequencing data of a patient with sinonasal Schneiderian carcinoma in situ whose tumor progressed to small cell carcinoma (SCC).

Study Design: Case report and whole-exome sequencing of tumor DNA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599818774004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6212311PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Tonsillar Small Cell Carcinoma: Potential Contribution of Human Papillomavirus.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Apr 24;19:482-485. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

BACKGROUND Extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma (SmCC) is a relatively rare clinical entity constituting only 2.5-5% of SmCCs. Recently, evidence has emerged that high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) might play an etiologic role in oropharyngeal SmCC, similar to squamous cell carcinoma. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5937212PMC
April 2018
3 Reads

P16 is a useful supplemental diagnostic marker of pulmonary small cell carcinoma in small biopsies and cytology specimens.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2018 Apr 11;33:23-29. Epub 2017 Nov 11.

Šikl's Department of Pathology, Charles University in Prague, The Faculty of Medicine and Faculty Hospital in Pilsen, Czech Republic; Bioptická laboratoř s.r.o., Pilsen, Czech Republic.

Pulmonary small cell carcinoma (SCLC) is usually diagnosed in small biopsy or cytological specimens based on cytomorphology; however in ambiguous cases diagnosis requires additional support by immunohistochemistry. While TP53 and RB1 alterations with secondary overexpression of p16 are mainstay events in SCLC pathogenesis, diagnostic value of p16-positivity in the diagnosis of SCLC has not yet been fully investigated. We examined the expression of p16, CD56, synaptophysin (SYP), chromogranin A and thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF1) in a series of pulmonary and extrapulmonary small cell carcinomas, pulmonary carcinoids and non-small cell lung carcinomas, and compared diagnostic performance of these markers in the diagnosis of SCLC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2017.11.008DOI Listing
April 2018
21 Reads

Small Cell Carcinoma of Prostate: A Case Report of a Patient With Concomitant Transitional Cell Cancer of the Bladder.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2018 Jan-Dec;6:2324709618760644. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Hematology/Oncology, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University, USA.

Small cell carcinomas (SCCs) are aggressive neoplasms commonly associated with a pulmonary origin. However, albeit rare, extrapulmonary SCC can occur in a variety of sites with an incidence in North America approximated to be 0.1% to 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2324709618760644DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5844437PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

Risk Stratification According to the Prognostic Nutritional Index for Predicting Postoperative Complications After Lung Cancer Surgery.

Ann Surg Oncol 2018 May 15;25(5):1254-1261. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: The prognostic nutritional index (PNI), an immune nutritional marker based on serum albumin levels and total lymphocyte count, predicts postoperative complications in various types of malignancies. However, the clinical significance of the PNI for postoperative complications following lung cancer surgery is uncertain.

Methods: Patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (n = 515) were retrospectively analyzed and the relationship between the preoperative PNI and postoperative complications was evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-018-6368-yDOI Listing
May 2018
7 Reads

A monoclonal antibody against SV40 large T antigen (PAb416) does not label Merkel cell carcinoma.

Histopathology 2018 Jul 19;73(1):162-166. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Department of Pathology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics and Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Aims: Merkel cell carcinoma represents poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma of cutaneous origin. In most studies, the vast majority of Merkel cell carcinomas are Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV)-associated. SV40 polyomavirus immunohistochemistry is typically used in the diagnosis of other polyomavirus-associated diseases, including tubulointerstitial nephritis and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, given cross-reactivity with BK and JC polyomaviruses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/his.13483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5995640PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Evaluating Treatment Patterns for Small Cell Carcinoma of the Colon Using the National Cancer Database (NCDB).

J Gastrointest Cancer 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Objective(s): The objective of this study was to characterize the clinicopathological prognostic factors and treatment patterns for small cell carcinoma (SCC) of the colon, a rare disease without standard treatment guidelines.

Methods: We analyzed clinicopathological and treatment variables for 503 cases of histologically proven SCC colon entered into the National Cancer Database (NCDB) between 2004 and 2013. Survival curves were generated using Kaplan-Meier and compared by the log-rank test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12029-018-0054-yDOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

Extrapulmonary Small Cell Carcinoma: An Unfortunate Case of Metastatic Disease.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Feb 6;17(3):e15-e16. Epub 2018 Jan 6.

Pathology Department, Sharp Medical Group, San Diego, California.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2017.12.049DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Clinicopathologic and Immunohistochemical Study of Combined Small Cell Carcinoma and Urothelial Carcinoma Molecular Subtype.

Pathol Oncol Res 2017 Dec 16. Epub 2017 Dec 16.

Department of Pathology, Lenox Hill Hospital-Northwell Health System, New York, NY, USA.

Muscle invasive bladder cancer, an aggressive disease with heterogeneous molecular profiles, has recently been subclassified into three major molecular subtypes -basal, luminal and "p53-like" urothelial carcinomas (UCas), which bear prognostic and therapeutic implication. Similar to breast cancer, basal and luminal subtype UCas are designated by basal (CK5/14) and luminal (CK20) markers. The "p53-like" subtype presents with wild-type p53 gene with upregulated p53 pathways and is implicated in chemoresistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12253-017-0369-1DOI Listing
December 2017
21 Reads

Comparative study of lung and extrapulmonary poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas: A SEER database analysis of 162,983 cases.

Cancer 2018 Feb 6;124(4):807-815. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Background: Extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) are poorly studied and are managed similar to lung NECs, which may not account for differences between the 2 groups of tumors as well as the heterogeneity within extrapulmonary NEC.

Methods: Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program between 1973 and 2012 were used to estimate the relative percentages of lung NECs and subgroups of extrapulmonary NECs, epidemiological patterns at these sites, and the median and 5-year overall survival rates.

Results: Of 162,983 NEC cases, 14,732 were extrapulmonary; of these, 5509 were gastrointestinal (37. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/cncr.31124
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.31124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5801102PMC
February 2018
9 Reads

Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration and Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome Associated with Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Oropharynx.

Intern Med 2018 Feb 1;57(4):587-590. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Department of Neurology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan.

Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (PCD-LEMS) are usually associated with small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). PCD-LEMS with extrapulmonary non-SCLC tumors; however, has not been previously reported. A 78-year-old man presented with dysarthria, dysphagia, staggering gait, and lower extremity muscle fatigue. Read More

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https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/internalmedicine/57/4/5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.9333-17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5849558PMC
February 2018
23 Reads

Expression of ERCC1, Bcl-2, Lin28a, and Ki-67 as biomarkers of response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with high-grade extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinomas or small cell lung cancer.

Ecancermedicalscience 2017 11;11:767. Epub 2017 Sep 11.

Instituto do Cancer do Estado de São Paulo - Adress: Dr Arnaldo Av, 251 - Sao Paulo/SP, 01246-000, Brazil.

Background: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and high-grade extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinomas (EPNEC) share similar histopathological features and treatment, but outcomes may differ. We evaluated in our study the expression of biomarkers associated with response rate (RR) to chemotherapy and overall survival (OS) for these entities.

Materials And Methods: This is a multicentre retrospective analysis of advanced EPNEC and SCLC patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2017.767DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5606295PMC
September 2017
18 Reads

Long-term Observation of CT-guided Radiofrequency Ablation of Lung Neoplasm in 476 Consecutive Patients by a Thoracic Surgical Service: A Single-institutional Experience.

Acad Radiol 2017 12 6;24(12):1517-1525. Epub 2017 Sep 6.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The 306th Hospital of PLA, No. 9 An-xiang North Road, Chao-yang District, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address:

Rationale And Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the overall survival (OS) rate, progression survival rate, and local control rate over 10 years of medically inoperable patients with lung cancer undergoing computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA).

Materials And Methods: Between September 2004 to March 2016, 668 neoplasms were treated in 476 medically inoperable patients (294 men, 60 women; median age 74 years; range 29-84) who underwent CT-guided RFA. All patients had clinical or pathologic evidence of the neoplastic lesion: 22. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2017.06.018DOI Listing
December 2017
25 Reads

Dramatic Response of a Metastatic Primary Small-Cell Carcinoma of the Pancreas to a Trial of Immunotherapy with Nivolumab: A Case Report.

Case Rep Oncol 2017 May-Aug;10(2):720-725. Epub 2017 Aug 9.

Mercy St Anne Cancer Center, Toledo, Ohio, USA.

Extrapulmonary small-cell neuroendocrine cancers are rare in clinical practice. They are frequently metastatic at the time of diagnosis with survival in months even with the most intensive treatment. So far, treatment recommendations for this group rely on data from the similar but more common small-cell carcinoma of the lungs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000479315DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5582504PMC
August 2017
26 Reads

Small Cell Cancer of the Genitourinary Tract: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Oncol 2017 May-Aug;10(2):489-492. Epub 2017 Jun 9.

Drexel University College of Medicine, Hahnemann University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Small cell carcinoma of the urinary tract is an extremely rare disease with very few cases reported in the literature. Its clinical course is aggressive, and the prognosis is poor. Here, we present a case of metastatic extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract in a 74-year-old African-American male. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000477435DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5498951PMC
June 2017
29 Reads

Surgical Management of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer with Solitary Hematogenous Metastases.

In Vivo 2017 May-Jun;31(3):451-454

Second Department of Propedeutic Surgery, Laikon Hospital, Athens School of Medicine, Athens, Greece.

Background/aim: The treatment of patients with solitary hematogenous metastases from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial, although numerous retrospective studies have reported favorable results for patients offered combined surgical therapy. Our aim was to determine the role of surgical resection in the management of NSCLC with solitary extrapulmonary metastases and to investigate for possible prognostic factors.

Patients And Methods: Between January 2004 and December 2012, 12 patients with NSCLC, from two Institutions, underwent metastasectomy for their solitary metastatic lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/invivo.11082DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5461460PMC
February 2018
10 Reads
1.150 Impact Factor

Pleural fluid cytology samples in cases of suspected lung cancer: An experience from a tertiary care centre.

Diagn Cytopathol 2017 Mar 23;45(3):195-201. Epub 2017 Jan 23.

Department of Cytology and Gynaecological Pathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Objective: Pleural effusion is present in some patients with lung carcinoma. This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of pleural fluid cytology in suspected cases of lung carcinoma.

Methods: In this prospective study, 86 cases of suspected primary lung carcinoma associated with pleural effusion were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dc.23659DOI Listing
March 2017
10 Reads

KRAS Mutation in Small Cell Lung Carcinoma and Extrapulmonary Small Cell Cancer.

Balkan Med J 2016 Jul 1;33(4):407-10. Epub 2016 Jul 1.

Department of Medical Oncology, Trakya University School of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey.

Background: Lung cancer is one of the most lethal cancers. It is mainly classified into 2 groups: non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Extrapulmonary small cell carcinomas (EPSCC) are very rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/balkanmedj.2016.150610DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5001818PMC
July 2016
55 Reads

Small cell carcinoma of the pyriform sinus successfully treated with concurrent chemo-radiotherapy: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Sep;95(36):e4759

Department of Internal Medicine and Research Center for Pulmonary Disorders, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Geumam-dong, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju, South Korea.

Background: Primary small cell carcinomas (SCCs) are uncommon in extrapulmonary sites and account for only 2.5% to 5.0% of all SCCs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000004759DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5023898PMC
September 2016
38 Reads

An Extremely Rare Case of Advanced Metastatic Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of Sinonasal Tract.

Case Rep Oncol Med 2016 27;2016:1496916. Epub 2016 Jul 27.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA.

Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SNEC) is a rare form of malignancy. It mainly presents as bronchogenic neoplasm, and the extrapulmonary form accounts for only 0.1% to 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1496916DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4978830PMC
August 2016
30 Reads

Efficacy of topotecan in pretreated metastatic poorly differentiated extrapulmonary neuroendocrine carcinoma.

Cancer Med 2016 09 25;5(9):2261-7. Epub 2016 Jul 25.

Department of Medical Oncology, National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Therapeutic options for metastatic poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) after prior platinum-based chemotherapy are limited. Topotecan is an approved second-line chemotherapy for small cell lung cancer (SCLC). NEC is often considered to show a biological behavior similar to SCLC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5055186PMC
September 2016
24 Reads

Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Urinary Bladder According to the 2016 World Health Organization Classification: Molecular and Clinical Characteristics.

Endocr Pathol 2016 Sep;27(3):188-99

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, 350 West 11th Street, IUHPL Room 4010, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.

Neuroendocrine neoplasms of the urinary bladder are a rare type of tumor that account for a small percentage of urinary bladder neoplasms. These tumors of the urinary bladder range from well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms (carcinoids) to the more aggressive subtypes such as small cell carcinoma. Despite the rarity of the neuroendocrine tumors of the bladder, there has been substantial investigation into the underlying genomic, molecular, and the cellular alterations within this group of neoplasms. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12022-016-9444-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12022-016-9444-5DOI Listing
September 2016
35 Reads

Extrapulmonary Small Cell Carcinoma of the Seminal Vesicles and Prostate Demonstrated on 18F-FDG Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography.

Mol Imaging Radionucl Ther 2016 Feb;25(1):47-9

Nepean Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Penrith, Australia Phone: +61247342156 E-mail:

Extrapulmonary primary small cell carcinomas arising from the urogenital tract is infrequent. It can rarely arise from the prostate and even more rarely from the seminal vesicles. We present a 79-year-old male who was admitted due to acute renal failure with a history of radical radiotherapy for prostate adenocarcinoma 13 years ago. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4274/mirt.02997DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4807350PMC
February 2016
22 Reads

Extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma of lymph node: Pooled analysis of all reported cases.

World J Clin Oncol 2016 Jun;7(3):308-20

Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Harpreet Kaur, Sahajal Dhooria, Digambar Behera, Navneet Singh, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India.

Aim: To study clinical outcomes and management of lymph nodes extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma (LNEPSCC).

Methods: Herein, we perform a systematic search of published literature in the PubMed and EMBASE databases for studies describing LNEPSCC. For uniformity of reporting, LNEPSCC was staged as limited if it involved either single lymph node station or if surgery with curative intent had been undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5306/wjco.v7.i3.308DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4896899PMC
June 2016
10 Reads

The optimal sequence for bronchial brushing and forceps biopsy in lung cancer diagnosis: a random control study.

J Thorac Dis 2016 Mar;8(3):520-6

1 Institute of Respiratory Disease, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China ; 2 Department of Pathology, The First Hospital and College of Basic Medical Sciences, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China.

Background: Optimizing basic techniques in diagnostic bronchoscopy is important for improving medical services in developing countries. In this study, the optimal sequence of bronchial brushing relative to bronchial biopsy for lung cancer diagnosis was evaluated.

Methods: A total of 420 patients with visible endobronchial tumors were prospectively and randomly enrolled in two groups: a pre-biopsy brushing group, receiving two brushings before biopsy; two brushings which performed afterwards; were set as self-control and compared with the pre-biopsy brushings as the intra-group comparison; and a post-biopsy brushing group, only receiving two brushings after biopsy, which were compared with the pre-biopsy brushings as the inter-group comparison. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2016.02.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4805806PMC
March 2016
14 Reads

Impact of preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT on survival of resected mono-metastatic non-small cell lung cancer.

Lung Cancer 2016 Mar 30;93:28-34. Epub 2015 Dec 30.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Heckeshorn Lung Clinic, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: Surgery has been available for the treatment of mono-metastatic, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and promising overall survival was observed in some retrospective studies with selected patients. This study investigated whether the preoperative 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET/CT) scan influences survival in this patient group. Furthermore we tried to identify other prognostic factors associated with survival and aimed to clarify if synchronous metastases are different from metachronous disease. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01695002153012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2015.12.008DOI Listing
March 2016
16 Reads

Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder: changing trends in the current literature.

Curr Med Res Opin 2016 06 17;32(6):1013-21. Epub 2016 Mar 17.

a Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital , Department of Medical Oncology , Ankara , Turkey ;

Background Extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma (SmCC), also known as oat cell carcinoma or small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, is characterized by an aggressive clinical course with early metastasis pattern and a short life expectancy. So far, there is no prospective, data-based case-control study due to its low incidence. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the epidemiology, morphopathology, clinical characteristics, differential diagnosis and treatment of bladder SmCC in the light of the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1185/03007995.2016.1155982DOI Listing
June 2016
26 Reads

Primary Small Cell Carcinoma in Urinary Bladder: A Rare Case.

Case Rep Urol 2015 16;2015:789806. Epub 2015 Dec 16.

Turgut Özal Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Malatya, Turkey.

Small cell carcinoma of bladder, which does not have a common and accepted treatment protocol, is a rare and highly aggressive tumor. It is mostly pulmonary originated; however, it can rarely be seen in extrapulmonary sites. We presented an interesting and uncommon case, in which the transitional cell tumor was found in the transurethral resection specimen, but the small cell carcinoma was detected in the final radical cystectomy material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/789806DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4693019PMC
January 2016
16 Reads

Cervical Carcinomas With Neuroendocrine Differentiation: A Report of 28 Cases With Immunohistochemical Analysis and Molecular Genetic Evidence of Common Clonal Origin With Coexisting Squamous and Adenocarcinomas.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2016 Jul;35(4):372-84

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Cervical neuroendocrine carcinomas are rare, aggressive tumors and their immunohistochemical features and clonal relationship to coexisting tumors are incompletely described. Twenty-eight cases were identified (17 small cell, 9 large cell, and 2 mixed), 10 of which had an invasive squamous or adenocarcinoma component. Staining for synaptophysin, chromogranin A, TTF1, c-kit, CD44, and p16 was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PGP.0000000000000254DOI Listing
July 2016
6 Reads

Radiofrequency ablation for lung tumors: outcomes, effects on survival, and prognostic factors.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2016 Jan-Feb;22(1):65-71

Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the survival benefit achieved with radiofrequency (RF) ablation of primary and metastatic lung tumors and determine significant prognostic factors for recurrence-free survival.

Methods: Forty-nine patients with lung cancer (10 primary and 39 metastatic) underwent computed tomography-guided percutaneous RF ablation between June 2005 and October 2013. A total of 112 tumors (101 metastatic and 11 primary non-small cell lung cancer) were treated with RF ablation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/dir.2015.14378DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4712901PMC
February 2017
13 Reads

Haematogenous muscular metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer in F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography.

Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2015 18;19(3):241-5. Epub 2014 Oct 18.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Firat, Elazig, Turkey.

Aim Of The Study: F-18 FDG PET/CT is the most effective method for demonstrating extrapulmonary metastases of lung cancer. The aim of this study is to investigate the level of muscular metastasis of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) in F-18 FDG PET/CT and to demonstrate the characteristics of this special group of patients.

Material And Methods: A total of 1150 patients with the diagnosis of NSCLC, who were referred for F-18 FDG PET/CT, were included into the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/wo.2014.46044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4631287PMC
November 2015
24 Reads

Should patients with laryngeal small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma receive prophylactic cranial irradiation?

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Oct 3;273(10):2925-30. Epub 2015 Nov 3.

Coordinator of the International Head and Neck Scientific Group, Padua, Italy.

While small cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (SCNCs) most often arise in the lung, extrapulmonary SCNCs arise in a variety of locations-including the head and neck region. In particular, laryngeal SCNCs-while rare tumors-are nevertheless recognized as distinct lesions. The rarity of laryngeal SCNC gives rise to two distinct difficulties: first (particularly with small biopsy specimens), laryngeal SCNC can be difficult to diagnose by routine light microscopy; second, limited experience with these tumors can make the crafting of a treatment plan for individual patients difficult. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-015-3799-yDOI Listing
October 2016
34 Reads

Extrapulmonary Small Cell Carcinoma - a Case Series of Oropharyngeal and Esophageal Primary Sites Treated with Chemo-Radiotherapy.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2015 ;16(16):7025-9

Department of Radiation Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India E-mail :

Background: The optimal sequence and extent of multimodality therapy remains to be defined for extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma because of its rarity. The purpose of our study was to assess the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by chemoradiation/radiation in patients with extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma.

Materials And Methods: Four consecutively diagnosed patients were included in this study. Read More

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August 2016
23 Reads
1.500 Impact Factor

Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the posterior tongue.

J Cancer Res Ther 2015 Jul-Sep;11(3):651

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.

In the head and neck mucosa, neuroendocrine carcinomas of the oral cavity is rare. Herein, we present the first report of a small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma in a 54-year-old man on the right lateral posterior tongue. It is important to remember that although neuroendocrine small cell carcinomas (SCCs) are most commonly seen in the lung, they rarely may arise in the extrapulmonary sites, including salivary glands, as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-1482.140778DOI Listing
August 2016
14 Reads

NOTCH, ASCL1, p53 and RB alterations define an alternative pathway driving neuroendocrine and small cell lung carcinomas.

Int J Cancer 2016 Feb 25;138(4):927-38. Epub 2015 Sep 25.

Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Cologne, Kerpener Straße 62, Cologne, 50937, Germany.

Small cell lung cancers (SCLCs) and extrapulmonary small cell cancers (SCCs) are very aggressive tumors arising de novo as primary small cell cancer with characteristic genetic lesions in RB1 and TP53. Based on murine models, neuroendocrine stem cells of the terminal bronchioli have been postulated as the cellular origin of primary SCLC. However, both in lung and many other organs, combined small cell/non-small cell tumors and secondary transitions from non-small cell carcinomas upon cancer therapy to neuroendocrine and small cell tumors occur. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.29835DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4832386PMC
February 2016
31 Reads

Mediastinal small cell carcinoma: a unique clinical entity?

Clin Transl Oncol 2016 May 2;18(5):515-20. Epub 2015 Sep 2.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cancer Hospital of Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100021, China.

Purpose: Mediastinal small cell carcinoma (MSCC) is a rare tumor with limited published literature. In view of diagnostic confusion pertaining to this tumor, we investigated its origin, clinical features, management and survival.

Methods: Clinical data of MSCC patients were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12094-015-1398-4DOI Listing
May 2016
7 Reads

Controversies in small cell carcinoma of the head and neck: Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) after primary complete initial remission.

Cancer Treat Rev 2015 Sep 8;41(8):725-8. Epub 2015 May 8.

Department of Clinical Oncology, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. Electronic address:

Small cell carcinoma of head and neck region (SmCCHN) represents a rare entity and its management remains a significant clinical challenge. Complete initial response to primary therapy poses a difficult and controversial scenario for radiation oncologists. Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) has long been established in the management of small cell lung cancer; however, its role in SmCCHN is still called into question. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03057372150009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctrv.2015.05.002DOI Listing
September 2015
6 Reads

Primary Ureteral Thyroid Transcription Factor 1-Positive Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Int J Surg Pathol 2015 Sep 10;23(6):472-7. Epub 2015 Jul 10.

Jesse Brown VAMC, Chicago, IL, USA.

Upper urinary tract neoplasms comprise only 5% of urinary malignancies overall, the overwhelming majority showing an urothelial histology. Nonurothelial lesions represent 1.9% of upper tract neoplasms, and small cell carcinomas (SmCCs) only account for a minute fraction of them, with few cases reported in the literature to date. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066896915594882DOI Listing
September 2015
11 Reads

Hypercalcemic type of small cell carcinoma of the ovary.

Vojnosanit Pregl 2015 Mar;72(3):295-8

Introduction: Extrapulmonary small cell carcinoma is a rare, prognostically bad tumor category. Primary, it can be localized in every organ, even in the ovary, where, due to its clinical specificities, it represents a challenge in diagnosis, as well as in therapy. Small cell ovarian carcinoma (SCOC) is biologically very aggressive malignant tumor of unknown histogenesis. Read More

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March 2015
16 Reads