15,249 results match your criteria Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy


The ongoing saga of the evolution of percutaneous coronary interventions: From balloon angioplasty to recent innovations to future prospects.

Can J Cardiol 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Interventional Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Montreal Heart Institute, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.

The advances in percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) have been, above all, dependent on the work of pioneers in surgery, radiology and interventional cardiology. From Grüntzig's first balloon angioplasty, PCI has expanded through technology development, improved protocols, and dissemination of best-practice techniques. We can nowadays treat more complex lesions in higher-risk patients with favourable results. Read More

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The changing landscape of pediatric salivary gland stones: A half-century systematic review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2022 Jun 25;159:111216. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the evidence for pediatric sialolithiasis, including its demographic characteristics, diagnosis, and demonstrate the shift in its treatment paradigm.

Design: A systematic review of sources from the Medline and Embase databases was conducted from inception to Dec 4, 2020. Two researchers independently extracted data and assessed quality. Read More

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Worldwide practice patterns of percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

World J Urol 2022 Jul 1. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

EAU Young Academic Urologists (YAU) Urolithiasis and Endourology Working Group, Arnhem, The Netherlands.

Purpose: To evaluate the current practice of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), conducting a worldwide survey among urologists with a special interest in endo-urology.

Methods: A 22-question survey was specifically developed by the European Association of Urology (EAU) young academic urologists (YAU) and uro-technology (ESUT) groups and globally distributed via SurveyMonkey to almost 2000 members of Endourology Society. The questionnaire included questions dedicated to the demographics and general practice of the participating urologists. Read More

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In vitro effect of intravascular lithotripsy on the polymer of a drug-eluting stent.

EuroIntervention 2022 Jul 1. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

Klinik für Kardiologie, Medizinische Universitätsklinik, Kantonsspital Baselland, Liestal, Switzerland.

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Vascular air embolism during percutaneous nephrolithotomy without pneumopyelogram: a case report of successful rescue.

J Int Med Res 2022 Jun;50(6):3000605221102096

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Vascular air embolism (VAE) is a rare complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Paradoxical air embolization resulting from VAE may be more likely to occur in patients with an atrial-septal defect, such as patent foramen ovale. Here, the case of a female patient with VAE that occurred during percutaneous nephrolithotomy is presented. Read More

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Calicovesicostomy surgery in the patient with ureteral rupture.

Urol Case Rep 2022 Sep 18;44:102133. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Radiation Oncology Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Transurethral lithotripsy (TUL) surgery, which is used to crush ureteral stones, can have complications, including bleeding, infection, ureteral stenosis, ureteral rupture, and ureteral avulsion. In this study, we present a 45-year-old woman who was referred, due to a right ureteral rupture during transurethral lithotripsy surgery. At first, the patient underwent ureteroneocystostomy surgery by a combination of boari flap and psoas hitch techniques. Read More

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September 2022

Midterm Results of Intravascular Lithotripsy for Severely Calcified Common Femoral Artery Occlusive Disease: A Single-Center Experience.

J Endovasc Ther 2022 Jun 29:15266028221105188. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, General Regional Hospital Ente Ecclesiastico "F. Miulli," Acquaviva Delle Fonti, Italy.

Purpose: Common femoral artery (CFA)-occlusive disease has traditionally been treated with open surgery, yet nowadays the frailty of patients has induced to find new techniques of revascularisation by endovascular means. So far, intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) has shown promising results in several lower limbs arterial districts. The purpose of this article is to report our experience with IVL for severely calcified peripheral arterial disease (PAD) of the CFA. Read More

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Combined procedure of transcatheter aortic valve replacement and coronary intravascular lithotripsy.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2022 Jul;23(7):487-492

Unit of Cardiovascular Sciences, Department of Medicine, Campus Bio-Medico University of Rome, Italy.

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Evidence for selection on SARS-CoV-2 RNA translation revealed by the evolutionary dynamics of mutations in UTRs and CDSs.

RNA Biol 2022 Jan;19(1):866-876

Department of Urology, Peking University People's Hospital, Xicheng, Beijing, China.

RNA translation is the rate-limiting step when cells synthesize proteins. Elevating translation efficiency (TE) is intuitively beneficial. Particularly, when viruses invade host cells, how to compete with endogenous RNAs for efficient translation is a major issue to be resolved. Read More

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January 2022

Effect of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy under guidance of B-ultrasound for the treatment of complex renal calculi.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Jun;72(6):1198-1200

Department of Urology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical College China.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy guided by B-ultrasound in the treatment of complex renal calculi. A total of 82 patients with complex renal calculi were selected, who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotripsy guided by B-ultrasound. The average operation time was 101. Read More

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The future of laser technology in kidney stones.

Curr Opin Urol 2022 Jul;32(4):411-414

Department of Urology, University Hospital of Patras, Greece.

Purpose Of Review: The aim of this study was to present the recent and promising innovations of the new laser technologies used for the treatment of renal stones.

Recent Findings: Taking advantage of pulse modulation, new technologies such as the Moses effect, the Virtual basket and the Vapor tunnel have been introduced. These technologies seem to improve lithotripsy efficacy by reducing retropulsion and increasing the stone ablation rate. Read More

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The usefulness of the Hounsfield unit and stone heterogeneity variation in predicting the shockwave lithotripsy outcome.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2022 May;28(3):187-192

Department of Urology, Adıyaman University Education and Research Hospital, Adıyaman, Turkey.

PURPOSE This study aimed to evaluate the use of stone density variation coefficient (SDVC) as an indicator of stone heterogeneity and previously reported parameters for predicting extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) outcome in urinary calculi. Moreover, a new formula that could be used to predict ESWL success was suggested. METHODS A total of 850 patients, who underwent the first session of ESWL for urinary stones between 2015 and 2020, were examined, and 220 eligible patients were included in the study. Read More

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A Practical Guide for Intra-Renal Temperature and Pressure Management during Rirs: What Is the Evidence Telling Us.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 15;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Groupe de Recherche Cliniques sur la Lithiase Urinaire, Hôpital Tenon, Sorbonne Université, F-75020 Paris, France.

Introduction: One of the main limitations of Ho:YAG lithotripsy is represented by its advancement speed. The need for faster lithotripsy has led to the introduction of high-power laser equipment. This general trend in increasing Ho:YAG lithotripsy power has certain points that deserve to be considered and analyzed. Read More

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Predicting narrow ureters before ureteroscopic lithotripsy with a neural network: a retrospective bicenter study.

Urolithiasis 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Urology, Shanghai General Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 100 Hai Nin Road, Shanghai, 200080, China.

In some patients, the passage of semi-rigid ureteroscopes up the ureter is impossible due to narrow ureteral lumen. We established a neural network to predict the inability of the ureter to accommodate the semi-rigid ureteroscope and the need for active or passive dilatation using non-contrast computed tomography (CT) images. Data were collected retrospectively from two centers of 1989 eligible patients who underwent ureteroscopic lithotripsy with ureteral stones. Read More

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International Alliance of Urolithiasis (IAU) Guideline on Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery.

BJU Int 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Urology, Biruni University, Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: The International Alliance of Urolithiasis (IAU) is releasing a series of guidelines on the treatment of urolithiasis. The current guideline is the second document regarding retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS), and it is aimed to provide a clinical framework for urologists performing RIRS.

Materials And Methods: After a comprehensive search of RIRS-related literature published between 01/01/1964 and 1/10/2021 from the Pub Med database, a systematic review and assessment were performed to inform a series of recommendations, which were graded using a modified GRADE methodology. Read More

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Ureteral calculi lithotripsy for single ureteral calculi: can DNN-assisted model help preoperatively predict risk factors for sepsis?

Eur Radiol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No.1095 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan, Hubei, 430030, China.

Objectives: To explore the utility of radiomics and deep learning model in assessing the risk factors for sepsis after flexible ureteroscopy lithotripsy (FURL) or percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in patients with ureteral calculi.

Methods: This retrospective analysis included 847 patients with treatment-naive proximal ureteral calculi who received FURL or PCNL. All participants were preoperatively conducted non-contrast computed tomography scans, and relevant clinical information was meanwhile collected. Read More

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Updated evidence of the safety and efficacy of the miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy with holmium laser lithotripsy for the treatment of recurrent nephrolithiasis.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022 Jun;26(11):3886-3892

Hanoi Medical College, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Objective: The objective of the present communication is to report the safety and efficacy of applying miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-PCNL) in Vietnamese patients with recurrent kidney stones using a miniature nephroscope through a 18F metal access sheath.

Patients And Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients who were diagnosed with recurrent nephrolithiasis and underwent mini-PCNL after previous treatments between 2017 and 2020. Clinical profile, preoperative characteristics, intraoperative events, and postoperative outcomes were obtained from the hospital database. Read More

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Ureteroscopy with thulium fiber laser lithotripsy results in shorter operating times and large cost savings.

World J Urol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Division of Urology, Maine Medical Center, 100 Brickhill Ave, South Portland, ME, 04106, USA.

Purpose: Prolonged ureteroscopy (URS) is associated with complications including ureteral perforation, stricture, and urosepsis. As laser lithotripsy is one of the most common urologic procedures, small cost savings per case can have a large financial impact. This retrospective study was designed to determine if Thulium fiber laser (TFL) lithotripsy decreases operative time and costs compared to standard Holmium:YAG (Ho:YAG) lithotripsy without pulse modulation. Read More

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Digital single-operator video cholangioscopy improves endoscopic management in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis-a retrospective observational study.

World J Gastroenterol 2022 May;28(20):2201-2213

Department of Medicine B (Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Endocrinology, Clinical Infectiology), University Hospital Muenster, Muenster 48149, Germany.

Background: Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are at a high risk of developing cholestatic liver disease and biliary cancer, and endoscopy is crucial for the complex management of these patients.

Aim: To clarify the utility of recently introduced digital single-operator video cholangioscopy (SOVC) for the endoscopic management of PSC patients.

Methods: In this observational study, all patients with a history of PSC and in whom digital SOVC (using the SpyGlass DS System) was performed between 2015 and 2019 were included and retrospectively analysed. Read More

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Hitting the Rock Behind The Metal: Is Intravascular Lithotripsy for In-Stent Percutaneous Coronary Intervention The Perfect Symphony?

Can J Cardiol 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Montreal Heart Institute and Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada; Department of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

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Comparative effectiveness of high-power holmium laser lithotripsy for pediatric patients with kidney and ureteral stones.

J Pediatr Urol 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Urology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The comparative effectiveness of high-power laser technology for kidney stone surgery in pediatric patients is poorly understood. We compared outcomes for the 120 W Holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser with MOSES technology to 30 W Ho:YAG laser for pediatric patients undergoing ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy for kidney and ureteral stones.

Objective: We evaluated the outcomes of the new MOSES laser technology as compared to low-power Ho:YAG lasers commonly used for kidney stone treatment in the pediatric population. Read More

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Experiences in managing different consequences of forgotten ureteral stents.

Urol Ann 2022 Apr-Jun;14(2):141-146. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Department of Urology, Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Purpose: We reported the different consequences of forgotten stents and share our managing experiences.

Patients And Methods: From July 2011 to August 2019, eight patients (five men and three women) with forgotten encrusted ureteral stents were treated by different endoscopic procedures in our center. Plain-film radiography (kidney, ureter, and bladder [KUB]) and computed tomography were used to evaluate the position of stents, the site of encrustation, and the stone burden. Read More

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February 2022

Are all post-ESWL pancreatitis events clinically significant?

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Jul;7(7):593

Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Asian Institute of Gastroenterology (AIG Hospitals), Hyderabad 500032, India.

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The therapeutic effect of balloon dilatation with different duration for biliary duct calculi: A network meta-analysis.

J Minim Access Surg 2022 Jul-Sep;18(3):327-337

Department of General Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China.

Objective: To systematically evaluate the application effect of endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation (EPBD) with different balloon dilatation duration for biliary duct calculi, and find the most appropriate dilatation duration for EPBD using a network meta-analysis.

Materials And Methods: PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published up to August 2020. Node split, consistency and inconsistency models analysis were all conducted in network meta-analysis. Read More

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A novel machine learning model and a public online prediction platform for prediction of post-ERCP-cholecystitis (PEC).

EClinicalMedicine 2022 Jun 13;48:101431. Epub 2022 May 13.

The First School of Clinical Medicne, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou,730030, Gansu, China.

Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an established treatment for common bile duct (CBD) stones. Post- ERCP cholecystitis (PEC) is a known complication of such procedure and there are no effective models and clinical applicable tools for PEC prediction.

Methods: A random forest (RF) machine learning model was developed to predict PEC. Read More

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The dilemma of 12/14F ureteral access sheath (UAS) usage: a case control study.

BMC Urol 2022 Jun 15;22(1):84. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Urology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23562, Lübeck, Germany.

Background: The insertion of a ureteral access sheath (UAS) is a frequent procedure during flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) to facilitate kidney stone treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of 12/14 French (F) UAS on fURS outcomes.

Methods: We performed a retrospective monocentric analysis of fURS procedures conducted at the Department of Urology (University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Lübeck, Germany) for kidney stone treatment via lithotripsy or basket stone retrieval between September 2013 and June 2017. Read More

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Comparing Pediatric Ureteroscopy Outcomes with SuperPulsed Thulium Fiber Laser and Low-Power Holmium:YAG Laser.

J Urol 2022 Jun 15:101097JU0000000000002666. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Purpose: The thulium fiber laser is a promising new lithoptripsy technology never before studied in the pediatric population. Our center adopted the first platform in North America, the SuperPulsed thulium fiber laser (SPTF). We aimed to compare outcomes in pediatric ureteroscopy using the SPTF to those using the gold standard, low-power holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser. Read More

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Utility of the Novel SpyGlass DS II System and Laser Lithotripsy for Choledocholithiasis in Pregnancy.

GE Port J Gastroenterol 2022 May 12;29(3):172-177. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Baldota Institute of Digestive Sciences, Gleneagles Global Hospital, Mumbai, India.

Background And Aim: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is considered a safe therapeutic modality even in pregnant women; however, adequate care needs to be taken. The utility of the SpyGlass DS II system in choledocholithiasis among pregnant women is unexplored.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent ERCP for choledocholithiasis in the absence of fluoroscopy using the SpyGlass DS II system from October 2019 to November 2020. Read More

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An international experience with single-operator cholangiopancreatoscopy in patients with altered anatomy.

Endosc Int Open 2022 Jun 10;10(6):E898-E904. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, United States.

The utility of digital single- operator cholangiopancreatoscopy (D-SOCP) in surgically altered anatomy (SAA) is limited. We aimed to evaluate the technical success and safety of D-SOCP in patients SAA. Patients with SAA who underwent D-SOCP between February 2015 and June 2020 were retrospectively evaluated. Read More

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