2,606 results match your criteria External Ear Infections


Lytic Activity of Polyvalent Staphylococcal Bacteriophage PhiSA012 and Its Endolysin Lys-PhiSA012 Against Antibiotic-Resistant Staphylococcal Clinical Isolates From Canine Skin Infection Sites.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2020 10;7:234. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Laboratory of Veterinary Biochemistry, School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Japan.

The spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) in human and veterinary medicine is of global concern. Notably, the emergence of methicillin-resistant has become a serious problem. In this context, bacteriophages and their lytic enzymes, endolysins, have received considerable attention as therapeutics for infectious diseases in place of antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2020.00234DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298730PMC

Otogenic Pneumocephalus After Tegmen Bone Reconstruction: A Case Report.

Ear Nose Throat J 2020 Jun 16:145561320934217. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, King Abdullah Ear Specialist Center (KAESC), King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Pneumocephalus is usually induced by trauma, infections, tumors of the skull base, and surgical interventions. Spontaneous pneumocephalus occurs due to a defect in the temporal bone with no obvious cause. Few cases have been reported with spontaneous otogenic pneumocephalus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561320934217DOI Listing

An emergency medicine-focused review of malignant otitis externa.

Am J Emerg Med 2020 Apr 29. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Brooke Army Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, 3841 Roger Brooke Dr, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, United States.

Introduction: Malignant otitis externa (MOE) is a progressive infection of the external auditory canal (EAC). This disease is rare but has severe morbidity and mortality.

Objective: This narrative review provides an overview of malignant otitis externa for emergency clinicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2020.04.083DOI Listing

Are stethoscopes risky in COVID-19?

Postgrad Med J 2020 07 21;96(1137):431. Epub 2020 May 21.

Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/postgradmedj-2020-138085DOI Listing

Iatrogenic cholesteatoma originating from a misplaced tympanomeatal flap during tympanoplasty: a series of five patients.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 May 20. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Otolaryngology Head, Neck and Maxillofacial Surgery, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, 6 Weitzmann Street, 6423906, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: To report our experience of a sequence of events that resulted in an iatrogenic cholesteatoma originating from the external auditory canal (EAC) years after tympanoplasty that had included a tympanomeatal flap.

Methods: Data on the presentation and pathogenesis of iatrogenic cholesteatomas arising from misplaced tympanomeatal flaps during tympanoplasty without mastoidectomy were retrieved from the patients' medical records and analyzed.

Results: Five patients were identified with cholesteatomas involving the EAC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-06039-yDOI Listing
May 2020
1.608 Impact Factor

Complicated sinusitis in developing countries: an African perspective.

Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020 Jun;28(3):182-187

Ophthalmology Unit, Department of Surgery, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana.

Purpose Of Review: Complicated rhinosinusitis continues to be a diagnosis not to be missed because of the potential life-threatening and life-changing outcomes. This is true for clinicians in both developed and developing countries. Advances in diagnostic imaging, appropriate antibiotic use and timely surgical intervention have resulted in better outcomes particularly in the developed world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOO.0000000000000629DOI Listing

Antimicrobial Activity of Garlic Derivatives on Common Causative Microorganisms of the External Ear Canal and Chronic Middle Ear Infections.

Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Dec 1;57(4):161-165. Epub 2019 Dec 1.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Today, antibiotic resistance is increasing and evolving into an important health problem. Therefore, it is important to research on alternative therapies to antibiotics. This study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of four garlic derivatives on microorganisms commonly isolated in ear infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tao.2019.4413DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7032553PMC
December 2019

Development of novel in silico prediction model for drug-induced ototoxicity by using naïve Bayes classifier approach.

Toxicol In Vitro 2020 Jun 25;65:104812. Epub 2020 Feb 25.

Basic medical college of north sichuan medical college, Nanchong, Sichuan 637000, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, PR China. Electronic address:

Some drugs have the potential to cause cellular degeneration of cochlear and/or vestibular system, leading to temporary or permanent hearing loss, innitus, ataxia, dizziness, ear infections, hyperacusis, vertigo, nystagmus and other ear problems. Thus, precise assessment of ototoxicity has become a strong urge task for the toxicologist. In this research, the in silico prediction model of ototoxicity was developed based on 2612 diverse chemicals by using naïve Bayes classifier approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2020.104812DOI Listing

A "Rat-Bitten" Ulcer on the Pinna.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 11;101(5):957

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.19-0495DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6838560PMC
November 2019
2.699 Impact Factor

The otic microbiota and mycobiota in a referral population of dogs in eastern USA with otitis externa.

Vet Dermatol 2020 Jun 21;31(3):225-e49. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Clinical Sciences and Advanced Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3900 Delancey St, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: Canine otitis externa (OE) is a common inflammatory disease that is frequently complicated by secondary bacterial and/or yeast infections. The otic microbial population is more complex than appreciated by cytological methods and aerobic culture alone.

Hypothesis/objectives: Differences in bacterial and fungal populations of the external ear canal will correlate with specific cytological and culture-based definitions of bacterial and Malassezia otitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vde.12826DOI Listing

In Vitro Investigation of the Antibacterial Activity of Oil on Some of the Most Commonly Isolated Bacteria in Otitis Media and Externa.

Eurasian J Med 2019 Oct;51(3):247-251

Department of Clinical Microbiology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of (NS) seed oil against the most frequently isolated infectious bacteria of the middle and external ear.

Materials And Methods: The in vitro antibacterial activity of NS oil was evaluated against 34 clinical isolates of , 32 clinical isolates of , 32 clinical isolates of , and 32 clinical isolates of . , , and were also evaluated for their sensitivity to the NS oil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2019.18386DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6812908PMC
October 2019
1 Read

Functional assessment of moisture influenced cadaveric tympanic membrane using phase shift-resolved optical Doppler vibrography.

J Biophotonics 2020 Feb 19;13(2):e201900202. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

School of Electronics Engineering, College of IT Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

An elevated relative moisture in the external ear canal and middle ear cavity may predispose to chronic otorrhea and related infections along with abnormal tympanic membrane (TM) vibration patterns. Therefore, phase shift-resolved optical Doppler vibrography (ODV) was used for vibration assessments of moisture influenced cadaveric TM. ODV was applied to generate time resolved cross-sectional and volumetric vibrographs of a cadaveric TM, driven acoustically at several frequencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbio.201900202DOI Listing
February 2020

Central European ethnomedical and officinal uses of peat, with special emphasis on the Tołpa peat preparation (TPP): An historical review.

J Ethnopharmacol 2020 Jan 21;246:112248. Epub 2019 Sep 21.

School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, ul. Ostrogórska 30, 41-200, Sosnowiec, Poland. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Medical or hygienic uses of peat mosses dates back to the 18th century. Peat was used externally (as poultices) in the early 19th century. The peat preparation invented by Stanisław Tołpa (Tołpa peat preparation, TPP) was patented in Poland in 1991; its concept had emerged in the 1980s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.112248DOI Listing
January 2020

Parapharyngeal abscess and vocal cord palsy caused by minor salivary gland sialadenitis: an atypical presentation treated using an endoscopic surgical approach.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2020 Feb 20;102(2):e45-e47. Epub 2019 Sep 20.

Ear, Nose and Throat Department, New Cross Hospital, Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust, Wolverhampton, UK.

Parapharyngeal infections carry a significant risk of extensive suppuration and airway compromise. We report the case of a patient presenting with a right paranasopharyngeal abscess, featuring atypical symptoms that made diagnosis particularly challenging. Complications included evidence of right vocal cord paralysis, likely secondary to involvement of the vagus nerve. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2019.0132DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6996416PMC
February 2020
1 Read

Surveillance of phlebotomine fauna and Didelphis marsupialis (Didelphimorphia: Didelphidae) infection in an area highly endemic for visceral leishmaniasis in Colombia.

Biomedica 2019 06 15;39(2):252-264. Epub 2019 Jun 15.

Grupo Biodiversidad del Caribe Colombiano, Facultad de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad del Atlántico, Barranquilla, Colombia; Ciencia, Educación y Tecnología, CETIC, Facultad de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad del Atlántico, Barranquilla, Colombia.

Introduction: The study of the interaction between the parasite, the vector and the mammalian hosts, including man, allows to understand the behavior of the leishmaniases.

Objective: To determine the presence of Lutzomyia species and to detect the Leishmania infection in Didelphis marsupialis in an endemic area for visceral leishmaniasis.

Materials And Methods: Phlebotomine fauna and individuals of D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v39i2.3905DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

A revision of the conductive hearing loss in Cranium 4 from the Middle Pleistocene site of Sima de los Huesos (Burgos, Spain).

J Hum Evol 2019 10 11;135:102663. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Cátedra de Otoacústica Evolutiva y Paleoantropología (Hospitales Madrid-Universidad de Alcalá), Departamento de Ciencias de la Vida, Universidad de Alcalá, Campus Universitario, Ctra. Madrid-Barcelona km 33,600, 28871 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain; Servicio de Otorrinolaringología, Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias, Ctra. Alcalá-Meco s/n, 28805 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain; Departamento de Cirugía, Ciencias Morfológicas y Sociales, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Alcalá, Campus Universitario, Ctra. Madrid-Barcelona km 33,600, 28871 Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red en enfermedades raras (Ciberer), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Monforte de Lemos, 3-5, 28029, Madrid, Spain.

Pathological conditions have been previously documented in the Middle Pleistocene Sima de los Huesos hominins from northern Spain, and several of these have clear behavioral implications. Within this fossil assemblage, Cranium 4 shows bilateral external auditory exostoses which have been preliminarily interpreted as causing a significant hearing loss in this individual. If confirmed, this would be the oldest recorded case of deafness in human history and could have important implications for the antiquity of this condition, as well as social interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2019.102663DOI Listing
October 2019
4 Reads

Infection of the equine population by Leishmania parasites.

Authors:
M Mhadhbi A Sassi

Equine Vet J 2020 Jan 6;52(1):28-33. Epub 2019 Oct 6.

Laboratory of BioInformatics, BioMathematics and BioStatistics, LR16 IPT09, Institute Pasteur of Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.

Infection of equids by Leishmania (L.) parasites was previously described in both the Old and New World, particularly in Central and South America. Equine cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is caused by the Leishmania species, L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13178DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

Experimental Mouse Models of Disseminated Candida auris Infection.

mSphere 2019 09 4;4(5). Epub 2019 Sep 4.

LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.

Disseminated candidiasis is a life-threatening disease and remains the most common bloodstream infection in hospitalized patients in the United States. Despite the availability of modern antifungal therapy, crude mortality in the last decade has remained unacceptably high. In particular, is a multidrug-resistant, health care-associated fungal pathogen and has recently emerged as the first fungal pathogen to cause a global public health threat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/mSphere.00339-19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6731527PMC
September 2019
3 Reads

Facial nerve schwannoma mimicking chronic suppurative otitis media: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Aug;98(35):e16844

Rationale: Facial nerve schwannoma (FNS) is a rare slow-growing nerve sheath tumor derived from Schwann cells. FNS with normal facial nerve function may sometimes be misdiagnosed as otitis media because of similar ontological symptoms such as purulence, tympanic membrane damage, and hearing loss.

Patient Concerns: A 68-year-old woman was referred to our department because of otorrhea and hearing loss in the right ear for 20 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000016844DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6736062PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Combined radio-immunotherapy leads to complete clinical regression of stage IV Merkel cell carcinoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Aug 21;12(8). Epub 2019 Aug 21.

Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine, Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola University Medical Center, Hines, Illinois, USA.

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive neuroendocrine tumour of the skin. While localised disease carries an overall favourable prognosis, metastatic disease is associated with poor clincal outcomes. Most cases of metastatic MCC are managed with systemic chemotherapy or immunotherapy, though 5-year survival for these patients remains a dismal 17%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-230518DOI Listing
August 2019
4 Reads

[One case of dust mite parasitism in external auditory canal].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Aug;54(8):614-615

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266005, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.08.011DOI Listing
August 2019
1 Read

The routes of infection spread in central skull-base osteomyelitis and the diagnostic role of CT and MRI scans.

BMC Med Imaging 2019 08 1;19(1):60. Epub 2019 Aug 1.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Charles University in Prague, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.

Background: Central skull-base osteomyelitis (CSBO) represents a life-threatening complication of external ear canal infection. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play key roles in assessment of CSBO progression.

Methods: Twelve patients with CSBO were included in a retrospective clinical study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12880-019-0331-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6676590PMC
August 2019
2 Reads

Diagnosis and treatment of otomycosis in southern China.

Authors:
Yongqi Li Lifeng He

Mycoses 2019 Nov 2;62(11):1064-1068. Epub 2019 Sep 2.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

To analyse and discuss the clinical features and pathogenic characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of patients with otomycosis in southern China. Two hundred fifty-six patients from southern China diagnosed with otomycosis were randomly separated into two groups: the drug filling group and drug smearing group. Patients in the drug filling group were first examined and then had the pathogenic secretions in their external auditory canals cleared by otoendoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/myc.12979DOI Listing
November 2019

Randomized clinical trial to compare the efficacy to improve the quality of surgical field of hypotensive anesthesia with clonidine or dexmedetomidine during functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Nov 30;276(11):3095-3104. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

Department of Pharmacology, Therapeutics and Toxicology. Unitat Docent Parc Taulí, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Edifici Victoria Eugènia, planta baixa, C/Taulí nº 1, 08208, Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose: Intense bleeding of the surgical field is a potential factor influencing success of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Hypotensive anesthesia with α2 intravenous agonists reduces intraoperative bleeding, but which is the best agent is unknown. The main objective of this trial was to compare the current standard adjuvant drug for hypotensive anesthesia, clonidine, with the recently available alternative dexmedetomidine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05575-6DOI Listing
November 2019
1 Read

Imaging of temporal bone inflammations in children: a pictorial review.

Neuroradiology 2019 Sep 18;61(9):959-970. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Radiology Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK.

Purpose: Understanding the underlying pathophysiology and the patterns of disease spread is crucial in accurate image interpretation. In this pictorial review, the common and important inflammatory processes of the temporal bone in children will be discussed, and key computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features described.

Methods: Inflammatory processes are categorized by anatomical location: the petrous apex and the inner, middle and outer ear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-019-02258-1DOI Listing
September 2019
6 Reads

Immunohistochemical characterization of cutaneous leishmaniasis in cats from Central-west Brazil.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2019 08 19;17:100290. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biociência Animal, Universidade de Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Feline leishmaniasis (FeL) is an emerging infectious disease of cats caused by Leishmania infantum with global distribution. This study investigated the cause of chronic progressive cutaneous lesions in two cats from Central-west Brazil by using cytological, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical (IHC) analyses. Clinically, both cats had ulcerative cutaneous lesions at the nasal planum and ear resulting in a tentative diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vprsr.2019.100290DOI Listing
August 2019
3 Reads

Animal Model of Chronic Tympanic Membrane Perforation.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2020 Mar 16;303(3):619-625. Epub 2019 Jul 16.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami Ear Institute, Miami, Florida.

Chronic tympanic membrane perforations (TMP) can be a source of significant morbidity from hearing loss, recurrent middle ear infections, changes in lifestyle, and risk of cholesteatoma formation. Laboratory experiments of TMP have been fraught by the rapid and high rate of spontaneous healing observed in animal models. There is controversy on the minimal time that perforations in animal models must have in order to be considered chronic TMP and thus have clinical relevance, with authors suggesting time periods of perforation patency of 8-12 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.24220DOI Listing
March 2020
5 Reads

Erythematous swollen ear.

J Fam Pract 2019 05;68(4):235-236

Department of Dermatology, Penn State Health Hershey Medical Center, USA. Email:

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May 2019
2 Reads

Malassezia japonica is part of the cutaneous microbiome of free-ranging golden-headed lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysomelas - Kuhl, 1820).

Med Mycol 2020 Jan;58(1):133-136

Laboratory of Wildlife Comparative Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, University of São Paulo - USP, São Paulo, Brazil.

We investigated Malassezia spp. in external ear canal and haircoat of free-ranging golden-headed lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysomelas). A total of 199 animals were restrained, and 597 clinical samples were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mmy/myz017DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

Investigation of Etiologic Agents and Clinical Presentations of Otomycosis at a Tertiary Referral Center in Tehran, Iran.

Iran J Public Health 2019 Feb;48(2):331-337

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Amir Alam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Otomycosis is a superficial infection of the ear caused by a spectrum of various fungal agents and its epidemiology depends on geographical region and climatic condition. The aim of this study was to investigate the causal agents and clinical manifestations of otomycosis at a tertiary referral center in Tehran, Iran.

Methods: From Apr 2016 to Jan 2017 a set of 412 subjects with suspicion of external otitis were included. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6556180PMC
February 2019
18 Reads

Intracranial abscess formation in an adult alpaca: a case report.

BMC Vet Res 2019 Jun 4;15(1):183. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Intracranial abscess formation is an extremely rare and sporadically documented disease in South American Camelids (SACs). Herein we report the first case of otogenic brain abscess formation in this species.

Case Presentation: A 4 years old female alpaca was presented to our veterinary hospital with a 6 month history of neurologic disorder symptoms, mainly head tilt to the right and emaciation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-1930-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6549265PMC
June 2019
12 Reads

[Clinical observation of attic retraction pocket by otoendoscopes].

Authors:
J Su P Li X B Ji J H Xie

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Jun;33(6):553-556

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Guangzhou First People's Hospital, School of Medicine, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, 510180, China.

To explore the clinical effect, key points and techniques of otoendoscopic surgery in patients with attic retraction pocket. Data of 25 patients (25 ears) of chronic suppurative otitis media who treated with transcanal endoscopic ear surgery for attic retraction pocket were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were examined by otoendoscopes at postoperative 1, 3 and 6 month,respectively. Read More

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http://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?doi=10.13201/j.i
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2019.06.019DOI Listing
June 2019
12 Reads

Case of herpes zoster complicated with paralysis of the recurrent and glossopharyngeal nerves.

J Dermatol 2019 10 31;46(10):e348-e350. Epub 2019 May 31.

Department of Dermatology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1346-8138.14
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.14942DOI Listing
October 2019
10 Reads

Relapsing polychondritis in human immunodeficiency virus.

Cutis 2019 Apr;103(4):237-240

Advanced Dermatology Associates, Ltd, Allentown, USA.

Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is an inflammatory condition that has been widely accepted as autoimmune in nature and can occur in patients with immune system dysregulation. Although RP has been well documented in patients with other autoimmune conditions, such as vasculitis, its presence in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been infrequently described. We describe a case of RP in an HIV-positive patient without other identifiable autoimmune disease. Read More

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April 2019
7 Reads

Perichondritis of the auricle: bacterial findings and clinical evaluation of different antibiotic regimens.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Aug 11;276(8):2199-2203. Epub 2019 May 11.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Regional Hospital West Jutland, Holstebro, Denmark.

Purpose: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is commonly found in suppurative perichondritis, but the significant pathogens in non-abscess perichondritis are unclarified. We aimed to explore the bacterial findings and evaluate the effectiveness of different antibiotic regimes in the treatment of patients with perichondritis.

Methods: All patients treated for perichondritis at the two Ear-Nose-Throat Departments in Central Denmark Region (covering 20% of the Danish population) from January 1990 to October 2018 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05463-zDOI Listing
August 2019
2 Reads

Vernet syndrome: intracranial extension of a slow-growing mass.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 May 10;12(5). Epub 2019 May 10.

Department of Otolaryngology, Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia Espinho EPE, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.

Vernet syndrome, often referred to as jugular foramen syndrome, is a rare clinical entity characterised by a set of signs and symptoms caused by dysfunction of IX, X and XI cranial nerves. Although paraganglioma of the head and neck is the most frequent aetiology, it may also be caused by meningioma, VIII cranial nerve schwannoma, pontocerebellar cistern metastases, head and neck trauma, infections and very rarely by cholesteatoma which extends to the petrous apex. The authors describe a case of a patient with a jugulotympanic paraganglioma in which evolution ends up in Vernet syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228039DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Lifetime prevalence of exostoses in New Zealand surfers.

J Prim Health Care 2019 Apr;11(1):47-53

Water Based Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Robina, QLD, Australia; and School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia; and Exercise Health & Performance Faculty Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, Australia.

INTRODUCTION External auditory exostosis (EAE) is a benign, irreversible bony outgrowth that arises from the temporal bone. EAE projects into the external ear canal, potentially causing recurrent otitis externa and conductive hearing loss. AIM To determine lifetime prevalence of EAE in New Zealand (NZ) surfers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/HC18097DOI Listing
April 2019
19 Reads

Not 'just' a foreign body in the ear canal.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 29;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Otorhinolaryngology Department, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, Glasgow, UK.

Foreign bodies are commonly seen by the Ear, Nose and Throat emergency team with cotton wool being the most common aural foreign body seen in the adult population. Most complications secondary to aural foreign bodies described in the literature are minor and rarely require any surgical intervention. Here, we present two cases with impacted cotton wool as aural foreign bodies which resulted in suppurative labyrinthitis and osteomyelitis causing profound sensorineural hearing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-229302DOI Listing
April 2019
8 Reads

Imaging of Nontraumatic Temporal Bone Emergencies.

Semin Ultrasound CT MR 2019 Apr 30;40(2):116-124. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Radiology, New York Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY.

This section aims to cover the non-traumatic pathologies affecting the temporal bone including external auditory canal, middle ear and inner ear which usually need emergent clinical attention. Many of the conditions in this section are secondary to infections in different clinical settings with resultant complications which may leave temporary or permanent sequelae if not suspected, timely diagnosed or treated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.sult.2018.10.015DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Use of ventriculostomy in the treatment of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (SCST).

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 23;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Division of Neurosurgery, Ascension Providence Hospital, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Southfield, Michigan, USA.

We present a novel treatment with the use of intraventricular antibiotics delivered through a ventriculostomy in a patient who developed septic cavernous sinus thrombosis after sinus surgery. A 65-year-old woman presented with acute on chronic sinusitis. The patient underwent a diagnostic left maxillary antrostomy, ethmoidectomy, sphenoidotomy and sinusotomy. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22892
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-228929DOI Listing
April 2019
18 Reads

A Rhinofacial Fungal Infection Presenting as an Intranasal Tumour.

Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2018 Nov 28;18(4):e549-e552. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Center of Advanced Research in Medical Mycology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India.

Conidiobolomycosis is a rare fungal infection that affects adults in tropical regions. We report a 42-year-old male patient who was referred to the Sulaiman Al Habib Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE), in 2013 with excessive nasal bleeding and a suspected nasal tumour. He reported having briefly visited central India nine months previously. Read More

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https://journals.squ.edu.om/index.php/squmj/article/view/300
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18295/squmj.2018.18.04.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443265PMC
November 2018
27 Reads

Advanced Aural Myiasis With External Ear Destruction.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Sep 9;98(8):469-470. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Rick and Tina Caruso Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319839333DOI Listing
September 2019
4 Reads

Verrucous Plaques Over the Helix of the Ear and Cervical Lymphadenopathy.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 May;145(5):479-480

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0220DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Quantification of Malassezia pachydermatis by real-time PCR in swabs from the external ear canal of dogs.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2019 May 4;31(3):440-447. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Veterinary Mycology Group, Department of Animal Health and Anatomy, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain.

Malassezia pachydermatis is part of the normal microbiota of canine skin and external ear canal, and is also associated with otitis externa in dogs. Laboratory detection of Malassezia otitis relies on the presence of elevated numbers of the yeast on cytologic examination of otic exudate. Although cytology has high specificity, it has low sensitivity, resulting in false-negatives and posing a challenge for clinicians to accurately diagnose Malassezia otitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1040638719840686DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6838723PMC
May 2019
25 Reads

Pathology Clinic: Herpes Simplex Infection of the Pinna.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Mar 28;98(3):134-135. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

2 ENT Department, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561318824510DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

[Atypical skull base osteomyelitis suspected of spreading inflammation from the ear canal with unilateral multiple cranial neuropathy and cerebral infarctions].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2019 Apr 30;59(4):205-210. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Neurology, Japan Community Healthcare Organization Kyushu Hospital.

A 76-year-old man, who had undergone surgery for esophageal cancer in 2010, presented to our hospital in April 2017 complaining of prolonged slight fever, loss of appetite, and dysphagia. Initial evaluation revealed a paralyzed left vocal cord, slight muscle weakness of the extremities, left facial paralysis, hoarseness, left sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscle weakness, tongue deviation to the left, and left hypacusia-suggesting a diagnosis of Garcin's syndrome. Laboratory tests revealed increased white blood cells and C-reactive protein. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5692/clinicalneurol.cn-001258DOI Listing
April 2019
23 Reads

A Subset of Type I Conventional Dendritic Cells Controls Cutaneous Bacterial Infections through VEGFα-Mediated Recruitment of Neutrophils.

Immunity 2019 04 27;50(4):1069-1083.e8. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Singapore Immunology Network (SIgN), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 8A Biomedical Grove, Biopolis, Singapore 138648, Singapore; Skin Research Institute of Singapore (SRIS), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A(∗)STAR), 11 Mandalay Rd., Singapore 308232, Singapore. Electronic address:

Skin conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) exist as two distinct subsets, cDC1s and cDC2s, which maintain the balance of immunity to pathogens and tolerance to self and microbiota. Here, we examined the roles of dermal cDC1s and cDC2s during bacterial infection, notably Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2019.03.001DOI Listing
April 2019
16 Reads

A decade of aid coordination in post-conflict Burundi's health sector.

Global Health 2019 03 29;15(1):25. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: The launch of Global Health Initiatives in early 2000' coincided with the end of the war in Burundi. The first large amount of funding the country received was ear-marked for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and immunization programs. Thereafter, when at global level aid effectiveness increasingly gained attention, coordination mechanisms started to be implemented at national level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0464-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440142PMC
March 2019
6 Reads

Feasibility and Safety of Transnasal High Flow Air to Reduce Core Body Temperature in Febrile Neurocritical Care Patients: A Pilot Study.

Neurocrit Care 2019 10;31(2):280-287

Department of Anesthesiology-Critical Care, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Fever is an important determinant of prognosis following acute brain injury. Current non-pharmacologic techniques to reduce fever are limited and induce a shivering response. We investigated the safety and efficacy of a novel transnasal unidirectional high flow air device in reducing core body temperature in the neurocritical care unit (NCCU) setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12028-019-00702-xDOI Listing
October 2019
4 Reads

Aural Myiasis Caused by a Flesh Fly in the Ear Canal: Do Not Drain the Oil Too Soon.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Feb 31;98(2):64-65. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

2 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Fu Jen Catholic University Hospital, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan, Republic of China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561318824888DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads