2,757 results match your criteria External Ear Infections

Individualized, Additively Manufactured Drug-Releasing External Ear Canal Implant for Prevention of Postoperative Restenosis: Development, In Vitro Testing, and Proof of Concept in an Individual Curative Trial.

Pharmaceutics 2022 Jun 11;14(6). Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Lower Saxony Center for Biomedical Engineering, Implant Research and Development (NIFE), Hannover Medical School, Stadtfelddamm 34, 30625 Hannover, Germany.

Postoperative restenosis in patients with external ear canal (EEC) atresia or stenosis is a common complication following canaloplasty. Our aim in this study was to explore the feasibility of using a three dimensionally (3D)-printed, patient-individualized, drug ((dexamethasone (DEX)), and ciprofloxacin (cipro))-releasing external ear canal implant (EECI) as a postoperative stent after canaloplasty. We designed and pre-clinically tested this novel implant for drug release (by high-performance liquid chromatography), biocompatibility (by the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay), bio-efficacy (by the TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-alpha)-reduction test (DEX) and inhibition zone test (for cipro)), and microbial contamination (formation of turbidity or sediments in culture medium). Read More

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-Cause of Nonspecific Acute Sinusitis: First Case Report and Review of Literature.

Microorganisms 2022 Jun 9;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Hospital Center Rijeka, Krešimirova 42, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia.

Although most sinus infections are viral, potential bacterial pathogens such as , and can migrate during a viral respiratory infection from the nasopharynx into the sinus cavity causing sinusitis. is a commensal of the external auditory canal and is considered one of the potential middle ear pathogens. Unlike most otopathogens, is rarely found in the nasopharynx of healthy individuals. Read More

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Application of Smartphone Otoscope in Telemedicine in Rural Medical Consortium in Eastern China in the COVID-19 Era.

Front Public Health 2022 18;10:879410. Epub 2022 May 18.

Wuxi Huishan District Qianqiao Street Community Health Service Center, Wuxi, China.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of smartphone otoscope telemedicine in the rural medical consortium in East China in the COVID-19 era.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted within a rural medical consortium that provides health care services by integrating medical resources in the same area. When a patient visited primary health care (PHC) for ear diseases, the PHC provider used a smartphone otoscope to examine the patient's external ear canal and eardrum, and then sent photos or videos of the patient's ear to the otolaryngologist at the lead hospital WeChat group. Read More

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Bullseye EVD: preclinical evaluation of an intra-procedural system to confirm external ventricular drainage catheter positioning.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2022 Jul 28;17(7):1191-1199. Epub 2022 May 28.

Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Sunnybrook Research Institute, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Purpose: External ventricular drainage (EVD) is a life-saving procedure indicated for elevated intracranial pressure. A catheter is inserted into the ventricles to drain cerebrospinal fluid and release the pressure on the brain. However, the standard freehand EVD technique results in catheter malpositioning in up to 60. Read More

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Skull Base Osteomyelitis With Bilateral Acute Otitis Media.

Cureus 2022 Apr 14;14(4):e24144. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, King Hamad University Hospital, Muharraq, BHR.

Skull base osteomyelitis is an inflammatory process that usually occurs secondary to necrotizing otitis externa or chronic mastoid infections. The involvement of the external auditory canal is typical of this condition and aids in its diagnosis. The treatment of skull base osteomyelitis is often complex and involves long-term intravenous antibiotics. Read More

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Otomycosis in the South of Iran with a High Prevalence of Tympanic Membrane Perforation: A Hospital-Based Study.

Mycopathologia 2022 Jun 26;187(2-3):225-233. Epub 2022 Mar 26.

Zoonosis Research Center, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran.

Introduction: Otomycosis is a superficial infection of the external ear caused by fungal pathogens. The genera Aspergillus and Candida are considered the main fungal causative agents, with the predominance of Aspergillus section Nigri. The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical symptoms of patients with otomycosis and predisposing factors and to identify fungal etiological agents using molecular approaches. Read More

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Comp Med 2022 04 28;72(2):104-112. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Otitis externa (OE) is a condition that involves inflammation of the external ear canal. OE is a commonly reported condition in humans and some veterinary species (for example, dogs, cats), but has not been reported in the literature in macaques. Here, we present a case series of acute and chronic OE likely precipitated by abrasion of the ear canal with a tympanic membrane electrode in 7 adult male rhesus macaques (). Read More

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Antifungal susceptibility of isolated from the external auditive conduct from dogs, in central Chile.

Open Vet J 2022 Jan-Feb;12(1):99-104. Epub 2022 Feb 10.

Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Facultad de Recursos Naturales y Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Santo Tomás, Talca, Chile.

Background: External otitis is common in dogs, and one of the main agents involved is , a yeast belonging to the otic microbiota. Empirical treatment can fail; therefore, it is essential to know the antifungal susceptibility profile to prescribe appropriate treatment, a fact scarcely reported in Chile.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the antifungal sensitivity of isolated from the external auditory canal of dogs in central Chile. Read More

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Incidental Finding in Pre-Orthodontic Treatment Radiographs of an Aural Foreign Body: A Case Report.

Children (Basel) 2022 Mar 15;9(3). Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Milan, 20100 Milan, Italy.

The presence of foreign bodies in the external auditory canal of young patients may cause, if left untreated, severe permanent damage to the adjacent anatomical structures, and infections. A 10-year-old patient with an intellectual disability underwent orthodontic evaluation. An aural radiopaque finding was visible in the lateral cephalogram and in the orthopantomography. Read More

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Complications of Nasopharyngeal Swabs and Safe Procedures for COVID-19 Testing Based on Anatomical Knowledge.

J Korean Med Sci 2022 Mar 21;37(11):e88. Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Department of Anatomy, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Nasopharyngeal swabs have been widely to prevent the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Nasopharyngeal COVID-19 testing is a generally safe and well-tolerated procedure, but numerous complications have been reported in the media. Therefore, the present study aimed to review and document adverse events and suggest procedural references to minimize preventable but often underestimated risks. Read More

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Evaluation of Virus-Free and Wild-Type Isolates of Using a Porcine Ear Model.

mSphere 2022 04 21;7(2):e0102221. Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Department of Plant Pathology and Environmental Microbiology, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Pennsylvania State Universitygrid.29857.31, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.

White-nose syndrome (WNS), responsible for the mass mortality of North American bats, lacks economically viable and practical models for infection, the causative agent of WNS. Not only are many susceptible North American insectivorous bats nearing extinction and, thus, scarce for experimental studies, but they are difficult to care for and maintain in captivity because of their specialized habitats and diets. In this study, we explored porcine ears as a potential substrate for studying infection development and the dynamics of growth in the laboratory. Read More

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Evaluation of the effects on SpO2 of N95 mask (FFP2) on dental health care providers: a cross-sectional observational study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2022 Feb 24;22(1):248. Epub 2022 Feb 24.

Department of Health, Life and Environmental Science, University of L'Aquila, Piazza Salvatore Tommasi, 67100, L'Aquila, Italy.

Objective: The purpose of this cross-sectional observational study was to evaluate the effects of SpO2 in a sample of dental health care providers who wear a N95 mask or Filtering Face Piece (FFP2) for four consecutive hours, measured by a pulse oximeter before donning the mask and again after four hours of work and to offer some strategies to minimize discomfort and improve communication with their patients while wearing the mask.

Materials And Methods: A 17-item questionnaire was sent via Google Drive to various practitioners in Italy and the USA. A sample of 162 questionnaires were returned from dentists, orthodontists, dental hygienists and dental assistants who committed to wearing a FFP2 for 4 consecutive hours during a work day and then measuring the oxygen saturation by way of a pulse oximeter before and after the 4 working hours. Read More

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February 2022

Clinical Practice Guideline: Tympanostomy Tubes in Children (Update).

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2022 02;166(1_suppl):S1-S55

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, Alexandria, Virginia, USA.

Objective: Insertion of tympanostomy tubes is the most common ambulatory surgery performed on children in the United States. Tympanostomy tubes are most often inserted because of persistent middle ear fluid, frequent ear infections, or ear infections that persist after antibiotic therapy. All these conditions are encompassed by the term (middle ear inflammation). Read More

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February 2022

An unusual presentation of scrub typhus in a child: a case report.

Jimba Jatsho

BMC Pediatr 2022 02 3;22(1):77. Epub 2022 Feb 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Phuentsholing Hospital, Ministry of Health, Phuentsholing, Bhutan.

Background: Scrub Typhus (ST) is an acute, febrile zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi which is endemic to the Asia-Pacific region. Infected adults rarely present with sensorineural hearing loss and otalgia. Though few cases of pediatric cases are known to present with otalgia, no pediatric cases of sensorineural deafness complicating ST have been reported to date. Read More

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February 2022

Conservative management of post-traumatic cerebral myiasis: Report of a unique case and literature review.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Jan;72(1):164-167

Department of Medical Microbiology, Aseer Central Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Cerebral myiasis is extremely rare, and surgical intervention is the primary treatment used. Successful conservative management alone, without surgical removal of the brain infestation has not yet been published. We report a case of a 24-year-old African homeless man who was found on the street in a state of decreased level of consciousness, with larvae exiting from the left supra and postauricular dirty wounds and from his left ear. Read More

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January 2022

UK standards for microbiology investigations of ear infection (SMI B1) are inadequate for the recovery of fungal pathogens and laboratory diagnosis of otomycosis: A real-life prospective evaluation.

Mycoses 2022 Apr 31;65(4):490-495. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Background: We evaluated the recovery of fungal pathogens from clinical external ear samples from patients with otitis externa (OE) using the UK national Standard Microbiology Investigations of ear infection (SMI B1).

Method: The UK SMI B1 protocol including a single Sabouraud dextrose agar with chloramphenicol (SABC) incubated at 37°C for 48 hours was compared with a standard fungal-specific culture method using two SABC agar plates incubated at 28 and 37°C for 2 weeks with an extra Candida chromogenic agar incubated at 37°C for 5 days. This real-life evaluation was undertaken on ear samples from patients with OE from January 2020 to December 2020. Read More

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Secondary surgery for the unsatisfactory auricle after auricular reconstruction.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2022 Mar 14;154:111043. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

External Ear Plastic and Reconstructive Center, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Complications, including framework exposure, infections, and reconstructed auricle deformation, may occur after auricular reconstruction. However, reports on surgical methods for cases with unsatisfactory outcomes after auricular reconstruction using an autologous costal cartilage are insufficient. Herein, we summarized retreatment casesfor poor ear morphology in patients who had undergone auricular reconstruction in our department for 5 years and discussed other techniques. Read More

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Anti-Staphylococcal Activity of Essential Oil against Planktonic and Biofilm Cells Isolated from Canine Otological Infections.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2021 Dec 22;11(1). Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Center for Bioprospecting and Applied Molecular Experimentation (NUBEM), University Center INTA-UNINTA, Sobral 62050-100, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical profile of essential oil (CZEO) and their antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity against strains isolated from canine otitis. First, the CZEO chemical composition was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (CG-MS). External otitis samples collected from dogs were submitted to staphylococcal isolation, followed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry identification. Read More

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December 2021

Black aspergilli as causes of otomycosis in the era of molecular diagnostics, a mini-review.

J Mycol Med 2022 May 28;32(2):101240. Epub 2021 Dec 28.

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Otomycosis refers to the fungal infection of the external auditory canal, and less commonly the middle ear. A wide range of fungi can cause this disease, however, the most common etiologies are species of Aspergillus and Candida. Until recent years, Aspergillus niger was thought to be the prevailing species of the genus Aspergillus that causes otomycosis. Read More

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First report of isolated from external auditory canal after diving in valley.

Clin Case Rep 2021 Dec 13;9(12):e05177. Epub 2021 Dec 13.

Department of Laboratory Medicine Inje University, Ilsan Paik Hospital Goyang Korea.

is a Gram-negative, oxidase-negative motile rod which is rarely isolated from human caused a few opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients so far. We report the first case of otitis media combined with externa caused by .  in an immunocompetent patient. Read More

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December 2021

Pilot study of dogs with suppurative and non-suppurative Malassezia otitis: A case series.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Nov 18;17(1):353. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Small Animal Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820, Merelbeke, Belgium.

Background: Rarely, Malassezia otitis presents as a painful, erosive otitis with an otic discharge containing Malassezia and neutrophils on cytology. There are no published reports of this type of suppurative Malassezia otitis (SMO). The role of Malassezia hypersensitivity in otitis is still unknown, and no association has been demonstrated with SMO. Read More

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November 2021

Surgical treatment of external auditory canal cholesteatoma in congenital malformation of the ear: A case series.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Oct 22;70:102880. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran - Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.

Background: External auditory canal (EAC) cholesteatoma is a lesion lined with stratified squamous epithelium containing proliferative keratin with bony erosion in EAC which can spread to the tympanic cavity, mastoid, and surrounding organ. External cholesteatoma can occur in patients with congenital abnormalities such as congenital aural atresia (CAA).

Method: This case series was reported using the 2020 PROCESS Guideline. Read More

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October 2021

Ramsay Hunt syndrome with multiple cranial neuropathy: a literature review.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2022 May 23;279(5):2239-2244. Epub 2021 Oct 23.

Department of Otolaryngology, Nepean Hospital, Kingswood, NSW, 2747, Australia.

Background: Ramsay Hunt Syndrome (RHS) is a neurotological disorder involving the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in the geniculate ganglion of the facial nerve (Sweeney and Gilden in J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 71:149-154, 2001). The characteristic presentation involves ipsilateral lower motor neuron type facial paresis, auricular pain with or without hearing impairment, and vesicular lesions of the external auditory canal and outer ear. Involvement of the facial and vestibulocochlear nerve is typical in RHS, whilst multiple cranial neuropathies are rare and associated with poorer prognosis and systemic complications (Arya et al. Read More

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[Herpes zoster of the external ear and face].

Rev Med Suisse 2021 Oct;17(753):1684-1689

Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-faciale, Réseau hospitalier neuchâtelois, 2000 Neuchâtel.

The development of vesicles on the pinna and external auditory canal will often correspond to a herpes zoster infection of one of the many nerves innervating the external ear. In case of associated facial paralysis, vertigo or sudden deafness the patient should undergo a thorough neuro-otologic examination and receive appropriate treatment. This article proposes a reminder of the various clinical presentations of herpes zoster oticus with some neuro-anatomical considerations. Read More

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October 2021

A case report of refractory otalgia after Ramsay Hunt syndrome successfully treated by applying pulsed radiofrequency to the great auricular nerve: A CARE-compliant article.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Oct;100(39):e27285

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Jeonbuk National University Hospital and Medical School, Jeonju, South Korea.

Rationale: Ramsay Hunt syndrome is a type of herpes zoster infection involving geniculate ganglion and facial nerve. Unilateral facial palsy, otalgia, and painful vesicular rash on the auricle and external auditory canal are the typical symptoms. Although postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a devastating complication of herpes zoster infection, PHN following Ramsay Hunt syndrome has rarely been reported. Read More

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October 2021

Cauliflower Ear in Lepromatous Leprosy.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 09 27;105(6):1444-1445. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Pondicherry, India.

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September 2021

Advancing Our Understanding of Corneal Herpes Simplex Virus-1 Immune Evasion Mechanisms and Future Therapeutics.

Viruses 2021 09 17;13(9). Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, D02 XK51 Dublin, Ireland.

Herpes stromal keratitis (HSK) is a disease that commonly affects the cornea and external eye and is caused by Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1). This virus infects approximately 66% of people worldwide; however, only a small portion of these people will develop symptoms in their lifetime. There is no cure or vaccine available for HSV-1; however, there are treatments available that aim to control the inflammation caused by the virus and prevent its recurrence. Read More

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September 2021

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss in COVID-19: A case series from the Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh Teaching Hospitals, United Kingdom.

Med J Malaysia 2021 08;76(Suppl 4):55-59

Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh NHS Trust, United Kingdom.

Sudden sensory neural hearing Loss (SSNHL) needs to be identified and managed correctly in a secondary or tertiary centre. Whilst 45% of presentations are said to be idiopathic in nature, several viruses have been linked to its aetiology. It was noted, anecdotally, that more patients were presenting with SSNHL during the COVID-19 pandemic to our ENT service at Wrightington Wigan and Leigh teaching hospitals, UK (WWL). Read More

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Molecular typing and antifungal drug susceptivity profile of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa from canine skin and ear canal.

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Oct 14;83(10):1545-1548. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Veterinary Dermatology, Nihon University College of Bioresource Sciences, 1866 Kameino, Fusisawa, Kanagawa 252-0880, Japan.

Rhodotorula mucilaginosa are saprophytic yeast, and opportunistic infections known as human rhodotorulosis are increasing in immunocompromised patients. In this study, we isolated R. mucilaginosa from pet dogs in Japan and determined the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antifungal drugs on these isolates to investigate the drug susceptibility pattern. Read More

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October 2021

The Epithelial Cell Glycocalyx in Ocular Surface Infection.

Front Immunol 2021 23;12:729260. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Schepens Eye Research Institute of Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

The glycocalyx is the main component of the transcellular barrier located at the interface between the ocular surface epithelia and the external environment. This barrier extends up to 500 nm from the plasma membrane and projects into the tear fluid bathing the surface of the eye. Under homeostatic conditions, defense molecules in the glycocalyx, such as transmembrane mucins, resist infection. Read More

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December 2021