1,299 results match your criteria Experimental Aging Research[Journal]


Predictors of Performance in Real and Virtual Scenarios across Age.

Exp Aging Res 2019 Mar-Apr;45(2):180-198. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

b Human Cognitive Neuroscience , Edinburgh University , Edinburgh , UK.

Background: Virtual reality applications to assist older adult with cognitive and functional decline are fast growing. However, such technological developments face limitations such as due to limited constructs and ecological validity. This study was aimed at investigating age-related changes in functional abilities and their associated cognitive underpinnings during task performance in virtual and real environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2019.1586106DOI Listing

Age-Related Differences in the Impact of Prior Knowledge on Recognition Performance: A Face Recognition Study.

Exp Aging Res 2019 Mar-Apr;45(2):154-166. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

a Laboratoire de Psychologie Cognitive (CNRS UMR 7290) , Aix-Marseille Université , Marseille , France.

Background/Study context: The dual-process hypothesis of memory and aging (DPHMA) postulates a decline of recollection with no decline in recognition. While the age-related recollection deficit is well-documented, any age-changes in the familiarity process remain unclear. Some studies have shown that familiar and meaningful material can enhance the recognition performance of older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2019.1586108DOI Listing

Automatic and Controlled Emotion Regulation in Aging: The Case of Expressive Suppression.

Exp Aging Res 2019 Mar-Apr;45(2):135-153. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

a LPNC UMR CNRS , Université Savoie Mont Blanc , Chambéry , France.

Background/Study Context: To explain the high levels of well-being reported by older adults, socioemotional selectivity theory suggests that emotion regulation becomes more automated with age. Hence, the objective of the present study was to determine whether automatic emotion regulation becomes indeed more efficient with age, as controlled regulation becomes less efficient. We tested this hypothesis with regard to a specific emotion regulation strategy, expressive suppression, and a discrete emotion: disgust. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0361073X.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2019.1586121DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Resolving Age-Related Differences in Working Memory: Equating Perception and Attention Makes Older Adults Remember as Well as Younger Adults.

Exp Aging Res 2019 Mar-Apr;45(2):120-134. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

a School of Psychology , Georgia Institute of Technology , Atlanta, GA.

Objectives: Older adults show clear deficits in working memory functioning. Here, we investigate the often-reported decline in focus switching, that is, the ability to shift items from the focus of attention into working memory, and back. Specifically, we examined whether equating subjects on early processing (perception and attention) might ameliorate the deficit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2019.1586120DOI Listing

Are There Age Differences in Consolidated Episodic Memory?

Exp Aging Res 2019 Mar-Apr;45(2):97-119. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

d Department of Psychological Sciences , Kent State University , Kent , USA.

Background/Study Context: While most aging research on memory uses a retention interval of one hour or less, episodic consolidation takes longer (e.g., 6-24 hours for synaptic consolidation). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0361073X.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2019.1586104DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

The Effect of Gaussian Noise on Maximum Likelihood Fitting of Gompertz and Weibull Mortality Models with Yeast Lifespan Data.

Exp Aging Res 2019 Mar-Apr;45(2):167-179. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

d Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Department of Biology, Geology, and Environmental Science, SimCenter , University of Tennessee at Chattanooga , Chattanooga , TN , USA.

Background/study context: Empirical lifespan data sets are often studied with the best-fitted mathematical model for aging. Here, we studied how experimental noises can influence the determination of the best-fitted aging model. We investigated the influence of Gaussian white noise in lifespan data sets on the fitting outcomes of two-parameter Gompertz and Weibull mortality models, commonly adopted in aging research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2019.1586105DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Frontal Lobe Functions in Normal Aging: Metacognition, Autonomy, and Quality of Life.

Exp Aging Res 2019 Jan-Feb;45(1):10-27. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

a Laboratoire de psychologie des Pays de la Loire (EA 4638) , Université d'Angers, Maison de la recherche Germaine-Tillion , Angers , France.

Background: Starting from the "frontal lobe hypothesis of cognitive aging", we aim to study the metacognitive functions (deception, reciprocity, cognitive and affective theory of mind), autonomy and quality of life in normal aging.

Methods: Eighty healthy subjects (30 young adults [YA] aged 20-40, 30 old adults [OA] aged 65-79 and 20 very old adults [VOA] aged 80 and over) participated in our study. Standard and novel neuropsychological tasks have been used, assessing abilities to understand others' mental and affective states, deceptive and cooperative situations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1560105DOI Listing

Memory Self-Efficacy and Beliefs about Memory and Aging in Oldest-Old Adults in the Louisiana Healthy Aging Study (LHAS).

Exp Aging Res 2019 Jan-Feb;45(1):28-40. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

c Department of Medicine and Tulane Center for Aging , Tulane University School of Medicine , New Orleans , LA , USA.

Background/Study Context. Adaptation to normative age-related declines in memory is an important but understudied aspect of successful aging. The purpose of the present study was to shed new light on memory self-efficacy and beliefs about memory and aging as two integral aspects of adult cognition with relevance to successful aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1560107DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375752PMC

An Analysis of Famous Person Semantic Memory in Aging.

Exp Aging Res 2019 Jan-Feb;45(1):74-93. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

c Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition (CNRS, Cerco, UMR5549) , UPS , Toulouse , France.

Background: In contrast to most memory systems that decline with age, semantic memory tends to remain relatively stable across the life span. However, what exactly is stable remains unclear. Is it the quantity of information available or the organization of semantic memory, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1560118DOI Listing

Efficiency of Sensorimotor Networks: Posture and Gait in Young and Older Adults.

Exp Aging Res 2019 Jan-Feb;45(1):41-56. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

a Institut de Neurosciences Cognitives et Intégratives d'Aquitaine (INCIA), Université de Bordeaux, CNRS-UMR 5287 , Bordeaux , France.

Background/Study context: Posture and gait are complex sensorimotor functions affected by age. These difficulties are particularly apparent when performing cognitively demanding tasks. Characterizing the functional organization of brain networks involved in these associations remains a challenge because of the incompatibility of brain imagery techniques with gross body movements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1560108DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The Effect of Aging on Memory for Recent and Remote Egocentric and Allocentric Information.

Exp Aging Res 2019 Jan-Feb;45(1):57-73. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

a Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology, Communication , University of Study Bari , Bari , Italy.

Background: The present study explores recent and well-consolidated spatial memory within the egocentric and allocentric frames of reference in young and elderly people.

Methods: The research included young and old participants, within the range of normality. All the participants were tested on four spatial tasks requiring allocentric and egocentric judgments, based on recent as well as remote spatial information, using a Multivariate Regression Analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1560117DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of Question Framing on Self-Reported Memory Concerns across the Lifespan.

Exp Aging Res 2019 Jan-Feb;45(1):1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

b Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Health Sciences, and Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology , University of Toronto , Toronto , Canada.

Background/Study Context: Evidence regarding whether there is an age-related increase in subjective memory concerns is mixed. The goal of this study was to investigate whether calling to mind specific instances of memory failures affects the likelihood that individuals report being concerned about their memory.

Methods: Young, middle-aged, and older individuals responded to statements that probed general memory concerns (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1560104DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The role of illness burden in theory of mind performance among older adults.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Oct-Dec;44(5):427-442

a Department of Psychology , Simon Fraser University.

Background/Study Context: Theory of Mind (ToM) reflects the ability to reason about mental states in order to understand and predict behavior. Research has identified links between increased pulse pressure, a measure of vascular health, and reduced cognitive ToM in older adults. However, the relationships between other vascular and nonvascular conditions and reduced ToM are unknown. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1521494DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Breathe Easy, Speak Easy: Pulmonary Function and Language Performance in Aging.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Oct-Dec;44(5):351-368

a Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System , Boston , MA , USA.

Background: This study explored the association between pulmonary function (PF) and older adults' language performance accuracy. Study rationale was anchored in aging research reporting PF as a reliable risk factor affecting cognition among the elderly.

Methods: 180 adult English native speakers aged 55 to 84 years participated in the study. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1521374DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205719PMC
January 2019
15 Reads

When Do Older Adults Show a Positivity Effect in Emotional Memory?

Exp Aging Res 2018 Oct-Dec;44(5):455-468

a Laboratoire d'Étude des Mécanismes Cognitifs , Université Lumière Lyon 2 , Lyon , France.

Background: Typically, positive and negative emotional items are easier to remember than neutral ones. Charles, Mather, and Carstensen (2003) reported that older adults preferentially remember positive items, but this age-related "positivity effect" has not been replicated consistently.

Methods: We conducted a close replication of Charles et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1521498DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Does the Improvement of Position Sense Following Motor Imagery Practice Vary as a Function of Age and Time of Day?

Exp Aging Res 2018 Oct-Dec;44(5):443-454. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

a Université de Poitiers, Université François-Rabelais de Tours, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition et l'Apprentissage (CeRCA, UMR 7295) , Poitiers , France.

The effectiveness of motor imagery practice is known to depend on age and on the ability to form motor images. In the same individual, motor imagery quality changes during the day, being better late in the morning for older adults and in the afternoon for younger adults. Does this mean that motor imagery practice should be done at specific time of the day depending on the age of participants to maximize motor learning? To examine whether the effect of motor imagery practice varies as a function of time of day and age, the authors used an arm configuration reproduction task and measured position sense accuracy before and after 135 kinesthetic motor imagery trials. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1521496DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Drawing as an Encoding Tool: Memorial Benefits in Younger and Older Adults.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Oct-Dec;44(5):369-396. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

a Department of Psychology , University of Waterloo , Waterloo , ON, Canada.

Background/Study Context. In a recent study, drawing pictures relative to writing words at encoding has been shown to benefit later memory performance in young adults. In the current study, we sought to test whether older adults' memory might also benefit from drawing as an encoding strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1521432DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Own-Age Bias and Positivity Effects in Facial Recognition.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Oct-Dec;44(5):411-426. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

a Department of Psychology , Augsburg College , Minneapolis , MN , USA.

Background/Study Context - In the current study, we evaluated two age-related differences in recognition memory: the own-age bias, wherein older and younger adults best recognize those of their own age group, and an age-related positivity effect, wherein older adults recall positive emotional information better than negative information relative to younger adults. We sought to extend previous research that jointly investigated these variables in recognition memory. Methods - Younger (age 18 - 27) and older (age 62 - 80) adults completed an incidental encoding task on a sequence of 50 positive, negative, or neutrally valenced images of older and younger adult faces. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1521493DOI Listing
January 2019
20 Reads

Validity, Reliability, and Diagnostic Accuracy of Ratings of Perceived Exertion to Identify Dependence in Performing Self-care Activities in Older Women.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Oct-Dec;44(5):397-410. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

a Physical Education Department , Federal University of Parana , Curitiba , Brazil.

Background: Dependence in self-care activities among older women has been previously evaluated through performance-based tests. However, these tests have presented inability to accurately distinguish between dependent and independent older adults in performing activities of daily living.

Aim: To examine the validity, reliability, and diagnostic accuracy of rating of perceived exertion (RPE) to identify dependence in performing self-care activities in older women. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1521492DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Age-dependent Reactivity to Affective Images: Evidence for Variation Across Emotion Categories.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jul-Sep;44(4):297-310. Epub 2018 May 30.

a Dept. of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences , Aarhus University , Aarhus , Denmark .

Background: Research on the effect of age on affective reactivity continues to provide inconsistent findings. The present study addresses two potential explanations that may account for these inconsistencies. First, gender may moderate age differences in affective reactivity and second, age differences in affective reactivity may vary according to emotion category. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1477360DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Age-related changes in physical and perceptual markers of recovery following high-intensity interval cycle exercise.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jul-Sep;44(4):338-349. Epub 2018 May 29.

e School of Health, Sport and Human Performance , The University of Waikato , Hamilton , New Zealand.

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare physical performance, perceptual and haematological markers of recovery in well-trained masters and young cyclists across 48 h following a bout of repeated high-intensity interval exercise.

Methods: Nine masters (mean ± SD; age = 55.6 ± 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1477361DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Learning facts during aging: the benefits of curiosity.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jul-Sep;44(4):311-328. Epub 2018 May 22.

e Rotman Research Institute at Baycrest , Toronto , Canada.

Background/study context: Recent studies have shown that young adults better remember factual information they are curious about. It is not entirely clear, however, whether this effect is retained during aging. Here, the authors investigated curiosity-driven memory benefits in young and elderly individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1477355DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Influence of sex-stereotyped stimuli on the mental-rotation performance of elderly persons.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jul-Sep;44(4):284-296. Epub 2018 May 21.

a Institute of Psychology , University of Koblenz-Landau , Koblenz , Germany.

Background: In mental-rotation tests with cube figures as rotational objects, differences in favor of men are often found (Voyer, Voyer, & Bryden, 1995). Mental-rotation performance often declines with age (Jacewicz & Hartley, 1987), but sex differences usually remain (Herman & Bruce, 1983).

Methods: In this study, male- and female-stereotyped objects were used as rotational stimuli in a mental-rotation paper and pencil test (Ruthsatz, Neuburger, Rahe, Jansen, & Quaiser-Pohl, 2017) for elderly participants (age: 57-88 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1475156DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Reduced cognitive capacity impairs the malleability of older adults' negative attitudes to stigmatized individuals.

Authors:
Anne C Krendl

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jul-Sep;44(4):271-283. Epub 2018 May 21.

a Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences , Indiana University , Bloomington , IN , USA.

Background: Although engaging explicit regulatory strategies may reduce negative bias toward outgroup members, these strategies are cognitively demanding and thus may not be effective for older adults (OA) who have reduced cognitive resources. The current study therefore examines whether individual differences in cognitive capacity disrupt OA' ability to explicitly regulate their bias to stigmatized individuals.

Methods: Young and OA were instructed to explicitly regulate their negative bias toward stigmatized individuals by using an explicit reappraisal strategy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1475152DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Cognitively active older adults' comprehension and metacomprehension of negated text.

Authors:
Sara J Margolin

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jul-Sep;44(4):329-337. Epub 2018 May 14.

a Department of Psychology, The College at Brockport , State University of New York , Brockport , NY , USA.

Background/Study context: Previous research has demonstrated that negated text is universally difficult to understand, and while readers are aware of the difficulty, they are not always able to direct this awareness to improve their comprehension of negation. The present research aimed to determine whether this holds true for older adults, even while maintaining good cognitive function through reading activity.

Methods: The study used an online paradigm, where young (age range 19-24) and older (age range 60-87) adults read passages, rated their comprehension, and answered questions about what they read. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1475154DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Theory of mind and the Ultimatum Game in healthy adult aging.

Exp Aging Res 2018 May-Jun;44(3):246-257

a Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology and Human Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology , University of Edinburgh , UK.

Background: The Ultimatum Game assesses decision-making involved in cooperative interactions with others. However, little is known about the role that the ability to understand other people's intentions plays in these interactions.

Methods: This study examined performance on the Ultimatum Game and theory of mind (ToM) tasks in younger and older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1449590DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Age-dependent physiological changes, medicines and sex-influenced types of falls.

Exp Aging Res 2018 May-Jun;44(3):221-231. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

d Department of Nursing and Department of Medicine , The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne , Melbourne , Australia.

Background/Study context: We investigated various parameters related to falls including age-dependent physiological changes, regular medicine use and different types of falls experienced. There is a lack of research investigating the impact of health status, sex, polypharmacy and ageing on different types of falls such as unspecified fall on the same level, mechanical fall on the same level relating to slipping, tripping or loosing balance, fall from a chair, vehicle and fall as a result of syncope, fall from steps or stairs and fall from the height.

Methods: The study included a random sample of 250 older patients, which comprised 10% of the total number of patients (n = 2,492), admitted to a large-scale academic hospital following a fall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1449588DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

Emotional valence impacts lexical activation and inhibition differently in aging: an emotional Hayling task investigation.

Exp Aging Res 2018 May-Jun;44(3):206-220. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

a Laboratoire de Psychologie, Laboratoire de Psychologie , Université de Bordeaux, Laboratoire de Psychologie , France.

Background: Aging is characterized by cognitive changes such as a potential inhibition deficit. However, growing evidence shows that positive valence stimuli enhance performances in older adults to a greater degree than in younger adults. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the emotional valence of words on lexical activation and inhibition in aging by using a new Emotional Hayling Task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1449587DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Emotional arousal deficit or emotional regulation bias? An electrophysiological study of age-related differences in emotion perception.

Exp Aging Res 2018 May-Jun;44(3):187-205. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

d Department of Psychology , University of Akron , Akron , OH , USA.

Background/Study context: Adult age differences in emotion processing have been attributed to age-related decline in earlier emotional perception and age-related bias in later emotional regulation. Yet, the relationship between the processes of early emotion perception and bias in emotional regulation and their influence on behavioral outcomes remains unclear. Event-related potentials (ERPs) have the temporal precision to allow for the online measure of neurophysiological activity and provide potential insight into the complex dynamics of emotion processing and aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1449585DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Severity of sarcopenia is associated with postural balance and risk of falls in community-dwelling older women.

Exp Aging Res 2018 May-Jun;44(3):258-269. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

a Faculty of Physical Education , University of Brasília , Brasília , Distrito Federal , Brazil.

Background/Study context: Falls represent the leading cause of accidental deaths in the elderly. Sarcopenia is a geriatric syndrome defined as the loss of muscle mass and strength. However, the association between falls and sarcopenia is still unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1449591DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Altered cardiovascular function is related to reduced BDNF in Parkinson's disease.

Exp Aging Res 2018 May-Jun;44(3):232-245. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

e Department of Biological Sciences , Jordan University of Science and Technology , Irbid , Jordan.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been linked to cardiovascular health and function, however, the exact role is yet to be understood. The current study examined the relationship of circulatory BDNF with vascular function in Parkinson's disease (PD). ELISA was used to determine plasma BDNF in PD patients and healthy control (CT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2018.1449589DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Diagnosis makes a difference: Perceptions of older persons with dementia symptoms.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Mar-Apr;44(2):148-161. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

c Department of Psychology , The University of Wisconsin Oshkosh , Oshkosh , WI.

Background/Study Context: Employing the stereotype content model and terror management theory, we examined whether stereotypes and feelings about persons with dementia vary depending on the type of dementia diagnosis and purported causes of the dementia.

Methods: Participants were randomly assigned to read one of four vignettes that depicted a man who consulted his doctor because of memory problems. All vignettes described the same symptoms and diagnostic tests, but each of four groups read a different result: all tests normal (Normal); Alzheimer's disease (AD); Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome (WKS) associated with alcohol abuse; and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) associated with head injuries from playing football in high school and college. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1422475DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Effect of low-cost resistance training on lower-limb strength and balance in institutionalized seniors.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jan-Feb;44(1):48-61

a Nursing and Midwifery Faculty , Qazvin University of Medical Sciences , Qazvin , Iran.

Background/Study Context: Given the rapid increase in the aging population worldwide, fall prevention is of utmost importance. It is essential to establish an efficient, simple, safe, and low-cost intervention method for reducing the risk of falls. This study examined the effect of 12 weeks of progressive elastic resistance training on lower-limb muscle strength and balance in seniors living in the Rumah Seri Kenangan, social welfare home in Cheras, Malaysia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1398810DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads
1.103 Impact Factor

Parallel dual-task processing and task-shielding in older and younger adults: Behavioral and diffusion model results.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Mar-Apr;44(2):95-116. Epub 2018 Jan 16.

c Institute for Human-Computer-Media Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg , Würzburg , Germany.

Background/Study Context: The study investigated the Backward Crosstalk Effect (BCE) in dual-task situations, that is, the observation that Task 2 characteristics can even influence Task 1 processing. This observation suggests that the tasks are processed in parallel. Besides determining the existence of a BCE in a group of older adults, the size of the BCE was compared to that in a group of younger adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1422459DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

The irrelevant speech effect among younger and older adults: The influence of background noises on reading comprehension.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Mar-Apr;44(2):162-178. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

a Department of Psychology , Nipissing University , North Bay , ON , Canada.

Background: Aging could exacerbate the decreases in cognitive functioning already caused by noise pollution. According to the inhibitory deficit hypothesis, older adults have more difficulty than do younger adults keeping irrelevant information from interfering with processing of relevant information. However, irrelevant speech studies typically fail to support this hypothesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1422561DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

The influence of cognitive reserve and age on the use of memory strategies.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Mar-Apr;44(2):117-134. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

a Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Centre for Cognition , Radboud University , Nijmegen , The Netherlands.

Background: Whether older adults use effective memory strategies to compensate for their memory decline partly depends on their executive functioning (EF). However, many studies have overlooked the role of cognitive reserve (CR). This study examines the effects of age, EF, and CR on memory strategy use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1422472DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

The ACTIVE conceptual framework as a structural equation model.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jan-Feb;44(1):1-17. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

l Departments of Psychiatry and Human Behavior , Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University , Providence , Rhode Island , USA.

Background/Study Context: Conceptual frameworks are analytic models at a high level of abstraction. Their operationalization can inform randomized trial design and sample size considerations.

Methods: The Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly (ACTIVE) conceptual framework was empirically tested using structural equation modeling (N=2,802). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1398802DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5793899PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

The age-related positivity effect in electronic gambling.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Mar-Apr;44(2):135-147. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

b School of Psychology , University of Hagen , Hagen , Germany.

Background: Older adults are increasingly spending time and money playing electronic gambling machines (EGMs). The current study assessed whether the age-related positivity effect influences responding to various EGM outcomes, including wins and losses of equivalent magnitude and frequency. We also explored cognitive mechanisms potentially underpinning the positivity effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1422474DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

The association of total cholesterol with processing speed is moderated by age in mid- to late-age healthy adults.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Mar-Apr;44(2):179-186. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

b The Joseph Sagol Neuroscience Center, Sheba Medical Center , Tel Hashomer , Israel.

Objectives: To investigate the nature of the association of normal levels of total cholesterol with cognitive function and the contribution of age to this association.

Methods: A sample of 61 senior executives, who were summoned for an annual medical examination with approximately four measurements of total cholesterol during 4 years, were examined with a computerized cognitive battery assessing mental processing speed as a sensitive measure of cognitive decline. We examined the association of total cholesterol with processing speed and the moderating effect of age on this association. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1422585DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Existing knowledge of linguistic structure mitigates associative memory deficits in older adults.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jan-Feb;44(1):35-47. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

a Department of Psychological Sciences , University of Missouri , Columbia , Missouri , USA.

Background/Study Context: Older adults show lower memory performance than younger adults when a task requires them to create associations (Naveh-Benjamin, 2000, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26, 1170-1187). In this study, associative memory was examined in order to assess whether age differences in performance were mitigated when the word pairs to be learned utilized a familiar pattern seen in everyday language (adjective-noun), which we propose as a type of schematic support that capitalizes upon linguistic structure.

Methods: Thirty older (66-87 years old) and younger (18-22 years old) adults from the University of Missouri and the surrounding community studied word pairs in noun-noun, adjective-noun, and noun-adjective sequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1398517DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Destination memory accuracy and confidence in younger and older adults.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jan-Feb;44(1):62-81. Epub 2017 Dec 13.

b VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , USA.

Background/Study Context: Nascent research on destination memory-remembering to whom we tell particular information-suggested that older adults have deficits in destination memory and are more confident on inaccurate responses than younger adults. This study assessed the effects of age, attentional resources, and mental imagery on destination memory accuracy and confidence in younger and older adults.

Methods: Using computer format, participants told facts to pictures of famous people in one of four conditions (control, self-focus, refocus, imagery). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1398515DOI Listing
November 2018
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Does the Cognitive Reflection Test actually capture heuristic versus analytic reasoning styles in older adults?

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jan-Feb;44(1):18-34. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

b Department of Psychology , Purdue University , West Lafayette , Indiana , USA.

Background/Study Context: This study evaluated adult age differences in the original three-item Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT; Frederick, 2005, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 19, 25-42) and an expanded seven-item version of that test (Toplak et al., 2013, Thinking and Reasoning, 20, 147-168). The CRT is a numerical problem-solving test thought to capture a disposition towards either rapid, intuition-based problem solving (Type I reasoning) or a more thoughtful, analytical problem-solving approach (Type II reasoning). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1398508DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Successful aging: The role of cognitive gerontology.

Exp Aging Res 2018 Jan-Feb;44(1):82-93. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

k Department of Psychology, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro , Greensboro , North Carolina , USA.

This commentary explores the relationships between the construct of successful aging and the experimental psychology of human aging-cognitive gerontology. What can or should cognitive gerontology contribute to understanding, defining, and assessing successful aging? Standards for successful aging reflect value judgments that are culturally and historically situated. Fundamentally, they address social policy; they are prescriptive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1398849DOI Listing
November 2018
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Coordination Impairments Are Associated With Falling Among Older Adults.

Exp Aging Res 2017 Oct-Dec;43(5):430-439. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

m Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation , Harvard Medical School , Boston , Massachusetts , USA.

Background/Study Context: Approximately one third of older adults over the age of 65, and over 40% of those over 80 years, fall each year, leading to fractures, morbidity, and mortality. Annual direct medical costs due to falls in the United States are approximately $19.2 billion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1369634DOI Listing
June 2018
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Age Differences In Emotion Recognition: Task Demands Or Perceptual Dedifferentiation?

Exp Aging Res 2017 Oct-Dec;43(5):453-466. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

b Department of Psychology , Brandeis University , Waltham , Massachusetts , USA.

Background/Study Context: Older adults (OA) have consistently shown lower accuracy compared with younger adults (YA) when labeling facial expressions of emotion in multiple choice tasks. However, OA do not show lower accuracy when judging psychological attributes from faces in rating tasks. The authors investigated whether the cognitive demands of multiple choice tasks yields an underestimation of OA emotion recognition ability and whether lower scores by OA in emotion recognition tasks are an instance of age-related dedifferentiated face perception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1369628DOI Listing
June 2018
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Quantitative Analysis Of User Interfaces For Large Electronic Home Appliances And Mobile Devices Based On Lifestyle Categorization Of Older Users.

Exp Aging Res 2017 Oct-Dec;43(5):480-511. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

a Department of Industrial Engineering , Hanyang University , Seoul , Korea.

Background/Study Context: The increasing longevity and health of older users as well as aging populations has created the need to develop senior-oriented product interfaces. This study aims to find user interface (UI) priorities according to older user groups based on their lifestyle and develop quality of UI (QUI) models for large electronic home appliances and mobile products.

Methods: A segmentation table designed to show how older users can be categorized was created through a review of the literature to survey 252 subjects with a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1369723DOI Listing
June 2018
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Under Which Conditions Can Older Participants Maintain Information In Working Memory?

Exp Aging Res 2017 Oct-Dec;43(5):409-429. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

c Psychology Department , Université Grenoble Alpes, LPNC, BSHM , Grenoble , France.

Background/Study Context: Age-related deficits in working memory (WM) are commonly described in the literature. However, age-related deficits in WM maintenance mechanisms have received less attention. Based on recent models of WM, the present study aims at determining the conditions under which older adults are able to maintain information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1369730DOI Listing
June 2018
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Pilates and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Methods Induce Similar Strength Gains but Different Neuromuscular Adaptations in Elderly Women.

Exp Aging Res 2017 Oct-Dec;43(5):440-452. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

d Universidade Camilo Castelo Branco , São José dos Campos, São Paulo , Brazil.

Background/Study Context: The aging process is associated with a decline in muscle mass, strength, and conditioning. Two training methods that may be useful to improve muscle function are Pilates and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). Thus, the present study aimed to compare the influence of training programs using Pilates and PNF methods with elderly women. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1369624DOI Listing
June 2018
28 Reads

A Longitudinal Assessment Of Standing Balance In Healthy Adults.

Exp Aging Res 2017 Oct-Dec;43(5):467-479. Epub 2017 Sep 26.

b Pamplin School of Business Administration , University of Portland , Portland , Oregon , USA.

Background/Study Context: The study was a longitudinal assessment of age-related changes in standing balance and response strategy usage in healthy adults.

Methods: Balance of 17 individuals with a mean age of 44.5 years was assessed and then reassessed 19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1370254DOI Listing
June 2018
12 Reads

The Impact Of Dispositional Variables Of Elders, Relatives, And Paid Caregivers On Elders' Empowerment And Life Satisfaction.

Exp Aging Res 2017 Jul-Sep;43(4):367-378

a Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology , Sapienza University of Rome , Rome , Italy.

Background/Study Context: The impact of dispositional characteristic of elders' closest network members on elders' life satisfaction and empowerment has remained largely unexplored. This innovative study aimed to assess the impact of dispositional variables of elders, relatives, and paid caregivers on life satisfaction and empowerment of elders.

Methods: One hundred forty-three triads (one elder, one paid caregiver, and one relative) completed six scales measuring modifiable personality characteristics (loneliness, optimism, regulation of positive and negative emotions), life satisfaction, and sense of empowerment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1333833DOI Listing
June 2018
11 Reads