386,871 results match your criteria Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews [Journal]


Low-level laser therapy versus trunk stabilization exercises on sternotomy healing after coronary artery bypass grafting: a randomized clinical trial.

Lasers Med Sci 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Physical Therapy for Internal Medicine, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) versus trunk stabilization exercises on sternotomy healing following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Forty-five male patients who had acute sternal instability post-CABG surgery in the age range of 45-65 years were divided randomly into three equal groups (n = 15). The laser group received LLLT, while the exercise group received trunk stabilization exercises. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Follow-up efficacy of physical exercise interventions on fall incidence and fall risk in healthy older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sports Med Open 2018 Dec 13;4(1):56. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Training and Movement Sciences, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Philippstr. 13, Haus 11, 10115, Berlin, Germany.

Background: The risk of falling and associated injuries increases with age. Therefore, the prevention of falls is a key priority in geriatrics and is particularly based on physical exercising, aiming to improve the age-related decline in motor performance, which is crucial in response to postural threats. Although the benefits and specifications of effective exercise programs have been well documented in pre-post design studies, that is during the treatment, the definitive retention and transfer of these fall-related exercise benefits to the daily life fall risk during follow-up periods remains largely unclear. Read More

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December 2018

Correction to: Cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal adaptations to recreational team handball training: a randomized controlled trial with young adult untrained men.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, SDU Sport and Health Sciences Cluster (SHSC), University of Southern Denmark, 3450, Odense, Denmark.

The author would like to correct the errors in the publication of the original article. The corrected details are given below for your reading. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of Flywheel Training on Strength-Related Variables: a Meta-analysis.

Sports Med Open 2018 Dec 13;4(1):55. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Strength and power development are abilities important for athletic performance in many sports. Generally, resistance training based on gravity is used to improve these qualities. Flywheel training instead utilizes kinetic energy transferred to a flywheel. Read More

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December 2018

Axillary Nerve Position in Humeral Avulsions of the Glenohumeral Ligament.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Dec 5;6(12):2325967118811044. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

Background: The axillary nerve is at risk during repair of a humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL).

Purpose: To measure the distance between the axillary nerve and the free edge of a HAGL lesion on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and compare these findings to the actual intraoperative distance measured during open HAGL repair.

Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Read More

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December 2018

Safety of Creatine Supplementation in Active Adolescents and Youth: A Brief Review.

Front Nutr 2018 28;5:115. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Exercise and Performance Nutrition Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, United States.

Creatine has been extensively researched and is well-supported as one of the most effective dietary supplements available. There is overwhelming support within the literature regarding the ability of creatine to augment performance following short term (5-7 days) and long-duration supplementation periods. There is also strong support for creatine regarding its safety profile and minimal risk for adverse events or any negative influence on markers of clinical health and safety. Read More

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November 2018

Guideline Approaches for Cardioendocrine Disease Surveillance and Treatment Following Spinal Cord Injury.

Curr Phys Med Rehabil Rep 2018 15;6(4):264-276. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

1The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL USA.

Purpose Of Review: Persons with spinal cord injuries (SCI) commonly experience individual risks and coalesced health hazards of the cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS). This review will examinethe role of exercise and nutritional intervention as countermeasures to these disease risks.

Recent Findings: The CMS hazards of overweight/obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are strongly associated with physical deconditioning and are common after SCI. Read More

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November 2018

Tracking of sport and exercise types from midlife to old age: a 20-year cohort study of British men.

Eur Rev Aging Phys Act 2018 7;15:16. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1UCL Department of Primary Care & Population Health, UCL Medical School, Royal Free Campus, Rowland Hill Street, London, NW3 2PF UK.

Background: Previous physical activity (PA) tracking studies have examined the stability of overall PA and/or PA types, but few have investigated how specific types of sport/exercise track over the life course. The aim of this study was to determine how specific sports/exercises in midlife track and predict future sport/exercise and PA in men transitioning to old age.

Methods: Seven thousand seven hundred thirty-five men (aged 40-59 years) recruited in 1978-80 were followed up after 12, 16 and 20 years. Read More

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December 2018

Interlimb Asymmetries Identified Using the Rate of Torque Development in Ballistic Contraction Targeting Submaximal Torques.

Front Physiol 2018 28;9:1701. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

NeuroMuscularFunction Research Group, School of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Evaluating the rate of torque development (RTD) in isometric ballistic contraction targeting submaximal torques is usually overlooked in the literature. In a series of isometric ballistic contractions targeting a range of submaximal torque values, there is a linear relationship between the peak torque and the peak RTD obtained in each contraction. RTD scaling factor (RTD-SF) represents the slope of this relationship. Read More

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November 2018

Left Ventricular Structure and Function in Elite Swimmers and Runners.

Front Physiol 2018 28;9:1700. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Human Performance and Health Research Laboratory, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.

Sport-specific differences in the left ventricle (LV) of land-based athletes have been observed; however, comparisons to water-based athletes are sparse. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in LV structure and function in elite swimmers and runners. Sixteen elite swimmers [23 (2) years, 81% male, 69% white] and 16 age, sex, and race matched elite runners participated in the study. Read More

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November 2018

Pathophysiology of the right ventricle and of the pulmonary circulation in pulmonary hypertension: an update.

Eur Respir J 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Dept of Cardiology, Erasme University Hospital, Brussels, Belgium.

The function of the right ventricle determines the fate of patients with pulmonary hypertension. Since right heart failure is the consequence of increased afterload, a full physiological description of the cardiopulmonary unit consisting of both the right ventricle and pulmonary vascular system is required to interpret clinical data correctly. Here, we provide such a description of the unit and its components, including the functional interactions between the right ventricle and its load. Read More

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December 2018

Risk stratification and medical therapy of pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Eur Respir J 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Cardiovascular Medicine, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains a severe clinical condition despite the availability over the past 15 years of multiple drugs interfering with the endothelin, nitric oxide and prostacyclin pathways. The recent progress observed in medical therapy of PAH is not, therefore, related to the discovery of new pathways, but to the development of new strategies for combination therapy and on escalation of treatments based on systematic assessment of clinical response. The current treatment strategy is based on the severity of the newly diagnosed PAH patient as assessed by a multiparametric risk stratification approach. Read More

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December 2018
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Alternative Modes of Exercise Training in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction: Is It Time to Give Them Serious Consideration?

Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

University of Cyprus Medical School, Nicosia, Cyprus; Heart Failure Unit, Second Department of Cardiology, Attikon University Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece. Electronic address:

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December 2018

Impact on long-term cardiovascular outcomes of different cardiac resynchronization therapy response criteria.

Rev Port Cardiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Cardiology Department, Hospital de Santa Marta, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal.

Introduction: There is a lack of consensus on the definition of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), and it is not clear which response criteria have most influence on cardiac event-free survival.

Objectives: To assess the predictive value of various response criteria in patients undergoing CRT and the agreement between them.

Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of the BETTER-HF trial. Read More

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December 2018

Predicted Risk for Exacerbation of Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia from Indiscriminate Postrace Intravenous Hydration of Ultramarathon Runners.

Authors:
Martin D Hoffman

J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, Northern California Health Care System, Sacramento, California; University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California; Ultra Sports Science Foundation, El Dorado Hills, California.

Background: Asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) can be exacerbated by aggressive hydration.

Objective: This work predicts the percentage of athletes at risk for exacerbation of EAH from indiscriminate hydration after an ultramarathon.

Methods: Postrace serum sodium, creatinine, creatine kinase (CK), and urea nitrogen concentrations were determined for 161-km ultramarathon participants. Read More

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December 2018

Flexor tendon rehabilitation in the 21st century: A systematic review.

J Hand Ther 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Milliken Hand Rehabilitation Center, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Study Design: Systematic review.

Introduction: The rehabilitation of patients following flexor tendon injury has progressed from immobilization to true active flexion with the addition of wrist motion over the last 75 years.

Purpose Of The Study: This review specifically intended to determine whether there is evidence to support one type of exercise regimen, early passive, place and hold, or true active, as superior for producing safe and maximal range of motion following flexor tendon repair. Read More

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December 2018

Preschool children's physical activity and cardiovascular disease risk: A systematic review.

J Sci Med Sport 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Deakin University, Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Science, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Higher physical activity (PA) levels in adults are associated with lower cardiovascular disease risk, however it is unclear whether this association is evident in children younger than five years. Given that cardiovascular disease has early life origins, this study systematically reviews evidence of associations between PA and cardiovascular disease risk factors among children aged 3-5.5years. Read More

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November 2018

Body fat percentage assessment by ultrasound subcutaneous fat thickness measurements in middle-aged and older adults.

Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Sports and Life Sciences, National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Kanoya, Kagoshima 891-2393, Japan.

Background & Aims: B-mode ultrasound accurately measures both muscle mass, body density and percent body fat (% BF) in younger adults, but how well it can estimate % BF in middle-aged and older adults using DXA-derived %BF as the criterion is unclear. We sought to develop % BF prediction equations for middle-aged and older adults using ultrasound subcutaneous fat thickness (SFT).

Methods: A cross-sectional study of Japanese adults (n = 414, 50-79 years) where 276 subjects were randomly assigned to a model development group and the other 138 subjects were assigned to a cross-validation group. Read More

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November 2018

A priori-defined Mediterranean-like dietary pattern predicts cardiovascular events better in north Europe than in Mediterranean countries.

Int J Cardiol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, Italy; Dipartimento di Scienze Farmacologiche e Biomolecolari, Università di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Background: The Mediterranean Diet (MD) is a model of healthy eating contributing to a favorable health status, but its clinical usefulness is still debated. The aim of this study was to relate the adherence to MD with the incidence of cardio/cerebro-vascular events (VEs) in north and south European participants of the IMPROVE study.

Methods: IMPROVE is an observational, longitudinal, prospective cohort study involving 3703 individuals from five European countries (Finland, Sweden, Netherlands, France and Italy). Read More

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November 2018

Associations of Body Mass and Fat Indexes With Cardiometabolic Traits.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2018 Dec;72(24):3142-3154

MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit at the University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom; Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Background: Body mass index (BMI) is criticized for not distinguishing fat from lean mass and ignoring fat distribution, leaving its ability to detect health effects unclear.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare BMI with total and regional fat indexes from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in their associations with cardiometabolic traits. Duration of exposure to and change in each index across adolescence were examined in relation to detailed traits in young adulthood. Read More

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December 2018

Responses of healthy young males to fine-particle exposure are modified by exercise habits: a panel study.

Environ Health 2018 12 13;17(1):88. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

State Key Joint Laboratory for Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China.

Background: Aerobic exercise benefits health but increases inhalation of fine particles (PM) in ambient air. Acute cardiopulmonary responses to PM exposure in individuals with different exercise habits, especially in areas with severe air pollution, are not well understood.

Methods: To examine acute cardiopulmonary responses to PM exposure modified by exercise habits, a panel of 20 healthy non-smoking male subjects, recruited in Beijing, China, completed seven visits. Read More

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December 2018

A specific protocol of autologous bone marrow concentrate and platelet products versus exercise therapy for symptomatic knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial with 2 year follow-up.

J Transl Med 2018 Dec 13;16(1):355. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

CAPHRI, School of Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Background: Cell-based therapies have shown promise for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA). The current study compared exercise therapy to autologous bone marrow concentrate (BMC) and platelet products for knee OA treatment.

Methods: Patients with symptomatic knee OA (N = 48) were randomized into either an exercise therapy control group or treatment group with injection of autologous BMC and platelet products. Read More

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December 2018

Analysing the use of the Australian Health Star Rating system by level of food processing.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2018 Dec 13;15(1):128. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC, 3125, Australia.

Background: The consumption of ultra-processed foods is associated with diminished dietary quality and adverse health outcomes. The Australian Health Star Rating (HSR) is a nutrient-based front-of-pack (FOP) labelling system that assesses the 'healthiness' of foods on a scale of 0.5 to 5 stars based on their content of 'risk' and 'positive' nutrients. Read More

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December 2018

Am I seeing things through the eyes of patients? An exercise in bolstering patient attentiveness and empathy.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 14;18(Suppl 3):929. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Willis-Knighton Health System, 2600 Greenwood Road, Shreveport, LA, 71103, USA.

Background: Modern marketing thought heavily emphasizes the need for healthcare providers to possess a customer orientation, placing patients at the focal point of attention within health and medical establishments. This has motivated significant investments in tools and techniques that foster outstanding service, attention, and support. Such investments in isolation, however, offer no guarantees that a true customer orientation will emerge. Read More

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December 2018

Embedding sports and exercise medicine into the medical curriculum; a call for inclusion.

BMC Med Educ 2018 Dec 13;18(1):306. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

University of Sheffield Medical School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

The UK is currently facing an inactivity crises, with 1 in 5 children currently meeting physical activity guidelines (Health Survey for England, Children's Health, 2016). To combat this growing problem there has been increased interest in promoting exercise and healthy lifestyle advise to patients as a method for improving public health. In line with this, the specialty of Sports and Exercise Medicine (SEM) has been gaining momentum and is now a recognised specialty with a higher specialist training programme. Read More

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December 2018

The impact of community-based interventions for the older population: a quasi-experimental study of a hip-fracture prevention program in Norway.

BMC Geriatr 2018 Dec 13;18(1):311. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Centre for Public Safety, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.

Background: Hip fractures among older adults are a major public health problem in many countries. Hip fractures are associated with expensive health care treatments, and serious adverse effects on patients' health and quality-of-life. In this paper, we estimate the effect of a community-based hip fracture prevention program that was initiated in 16 Norwegian municipalities in 2007. Read More

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December 2018

Supplementation with Beta-Hydroxy-Beta-Methylbutyrate Impacts Glucose Homeostasis and Increases Liver Size in Trained Mice.

Int J Vitam Nutr Res 2018 Dec 14:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

1 Laboratory of Nutrigenomics, Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Pelotas, UFPel, Pelotas, Brazil.

β-hydroxy-β-methyl butyrate (HMB) is a bioactive metabolite derived from the amino acid leucine, usually applied for muscle mass increase during physical training, as well as for muscle mass maintenance in debilitating chronic diseases. The hypothesis of the present study is that HMB is a safe supplement for muscle mass gain by strength training. Based on this, the objective was to measure changes in body composition, glucose homeostasis and hepatic metabolism of HMB supplemented mice during strength training. Read More

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December 2018

Reduced vision-related quality of life in people living with dystonia.

Disabil Rehabil 2018 Dec 13:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

e School of Psychology, University of South Australia , Adelaide , Australia.

Purpose: Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder with negative impact on function and quality of life. It is currently unclear whether vision-related quality of life is affected. The aim of this study was to determine whether vision-related quality of life is reduced by dystonia. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of Change of Direction Speed Performance and Asymmetries between Team-Sport Athletes: Application of Change of Direction Deficit.

Sports (Basel) 2018 Dec 12;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Directorate of Sport, Exercise & Physiotherapy, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester M6 6PU, UK.

The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to examine differences in change of direction (COD) performance and asymmetries between team-sports while considering the effects of sex and sport; (2) to evaluate the relationship between linear speed, COD completion time, and COD deficit. A total of 115 (56 males, 59 females) athletes active in cricket, soccer, netball, and basketball performed the 505 for both left and right limbs and a 10-m sprint test. All team-sports displayed directional dominance (i. Read More

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December 2018

Perceived Facilitators and Barriers in Response to a Walking Intervention in Rural Cancer Survivors: A Qualitative Exploration.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 11;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity (ARENA), School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia.

Physical activity has numerous associated benefits for cancer survivors. Compared to their urban counterparts, rural and remote Australians experience a health disadvantage, including poorer survival rate after the diagnosis of cancer. The purpose of this qualitative study was to (a) investigate factors that motivated or inhibited walking in rural participants during a 12-week intervention and (b) to investigate factors that motivated or inhibited physical activity behavior change three months post-intervention. Read More

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December 2018

Frequency of Dietary Intake and Physical Activity in Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 11;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

General Medical Hospital 'Sveti Duh', 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Evidence shows that diet is associated with physical activity. However, there has been a lack of studies addressing it in a population of older adults. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to explore associations between various frequencies of dietary intake and physical activity in older adults. Read More

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December 2018
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Influence of Resistance Exercise on Appetite and Affect Following Pre-Sleep Feeding.

Sports (Basel) 2018 Dec 11;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Exercise Science, Energy Metabolism and Body Composition Laboratory, Elon University, 100 Campus Drive, Elon, NC 27244, USA.

To determine changes in appetite, affect and cortisol in response to an acute bout of resistance exercise (RE) the morning after consuming whey (WP) and casein (CP) protein and a non-caloric placebo (PLA) consumed pre-sleep, 14 active men (n = 5) and women (n = 9) consumed a single dose of 24 g WP, 48 g WP, 24 g CP, 48 g CP, or PLA 30 min pre-sleep. Prior to and immediately after RE, appetite, affect and cortisol were assessed. Significant time effects were observed for Energetic Arousal and Tense Arousal ( = 0. Read More

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December 2018

Relative Density of Away from Home Food Establishments and Food Spend for 24,047 Households in England: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 11;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Box 285 Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK.

Eating away from home is a risk factor for poor diet quality and obesity. With an ever-increasing proportion of household food spend directed toward eating out, the proliferation of these food establishments may contribute to their use, a potential precursor to less healthy food choices and low overall diet quality. However few studies are conducted at the national level and across a range of away from home food sources. Read More

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December 2018

Assessing Food Liking: Comparison of Food Liking Questionnaires and Direct Food Tasting in Two Cultures.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 11;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Centre for Advanced Sensory Sciences, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong 3220, Australia.

Food liking can be directly measured in specialised sensory testing facilities; however, this method is not feasible for large population samples. The aim of the study was to compare a Food Liking Questionnaire (FLQ) against lab-based sensory testing in two countries. The study was conducted with 70 Australian and Thai participants (35 Australian, 35 Thai, mean (SD) age 19 (3. Read More

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December 2018

Data Analytics of a Wearable Device for Heat Stroke Detection.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Dec 9;18(12). Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Chung Cheng Institute of Technology, National Defense University No. 75, Shiyuan Rd., Daxi District, Taoyuan City 33551, Taiwan.

When exercising in a high-temperature environment, heat stroke can cause great harm to the human body. However, runners may ignore important physiological warnings and are not usually aware that a heat stroke is occurring. To solve this problem, this study evaluates a runner's risk of heat stroke injury by using a wearable heat stroke detection device (WHDD), which we developed previously. Read More

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December 2018

The Effects of Mind-Body Exercise on Cognitive Performance in Elderly: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 9;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Health and Exercise Science Laboratory, Institute of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.

: As the situation of cognitive aging is getting worse, preventing or treating cognitive decline through effective strategies is highly important. This systematic review aims to investigate whether mind-body exercise is an effective approach for treating cognition decline. : Searches for the potential studies were performed on the eight electronic databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, PsycArtilces, CNKI, and Wanfang). Read More

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December 2018

The Constituent Year Effect: Relative Age Disparities in Australian Masters Track and Field Athletic Participation.

Sports (Basel) 2018 Dec 8;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa K1N 6N5, Canada.

The constituent year effect, a source of relative age disparities, in masters sport has been demonstrated mainly amongst North American samples. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine whether a participation-related constituent year effect exists among athletes ( = 6492) competing in Australian Masters Athletics competitions between 2000 and 2014. The results indicated that a participation-related constituent year effect was observed as the likelihood of participating was significantly higher for masters athletes in their first and second constituent year of any five-year age category ( < 0. Read More

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December 2018

CRT Pacing: Midterm Follow-Up in LV Only Pacing without RV Lead in Patients with Normal AV Conduction.

J Clin Med 2018 Dec 8;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 8.

University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila", 014451 Bucharest, Romania.

Background: The aim of our study was to assess the real life cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) fusion left ventricular (LV) only pacing in patients with normal AV conduction (NAVc) without right ventricular (RV) lead.

Methods: Consecutive NAVc patients with CRT indication were implanted with a right atrium RA/LV DDD pacing system. Complete follow-up at 1, 3 and every 6 months thereafter included echocardiography and stress testing. Read More

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December 2018

Fat-Free Mass and the Balance Error Scoring System Predict an Appropriate Maximal Load in the Unilateral Farmer's Walk.

Sports (Basel) 2018 Dec 8;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Exercise and Rehabilitative Sciences, Slippery Rock University, 337 Patterson Hall, Slippery Rock, PA 16057, USA.

This study quantified and compared unilateral farmer's walk (UFW) performance in recreationally active males and females, and determined if additional variables allowed for the prediction of a maximal safe load. Anthropometric (height, body weight (BW), body mass index, body fat percentage, fat-free mass (FFM), and fat mass), muscular endurance (maximal duration side bridge), and balance (Balance Error Scoring System (BESS)) tests were completed. Participants performed a series of 20 s UFW trials (non-dominant side) at a cadence of 66 beats/min. Read More

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December 2018

Air Pollution Exposure in Walking School Bus Routes: A New Zealand Case Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 10;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Research and Investigations, Auckland Council, Auckland 1010, New Zealand.

Walking School Buses (WSBs), organized groups for children to walk to school under the supervision of adults, help reduce traffic congestion and contribute towards exercise. Routes are based largely on need, traffic safety and travel time, with exposure to air pollution not generally considered. This paper explores whether reductions in exposure can be achieved based on the side of the road travelled using data collected in Auckland, New Zealand. Read More

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December 2018

Delivery of Fall Prevention Interventions for At-Risk Older Adults in Rural Areas: Findings from a National Dissemination.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 10;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Administration for Community Living, Washington, DC 20201, USA.

Falls incidence rates and associated injuries are projected to increase among rural-dwelling older adults, which highlights the need for effective interventions to prevent falls and manage fall-related risks. The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify the geospatial dissemination of eight evidence-based fall prevention programs (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Adults with Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 7;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Research Centre for Musculoskeletal Science & Sports Medicine, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Manchester Metropolitan University Cheshire, Crewe CW1 5DU, UK.

The aim of this study was to determine the response to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in adult males with Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), and to investigate whether body composition contributes to any variance in the glucose response. Twenty-eight adult males with dystrophinopathy (BMD, = 13; DMD, = 15) and 12 non-dystrophic controls, ingested 75 g oral anhydrous glucose solution. Fingertip capillary samples were assessed for glucose at 30-min intervals over 2-h post glucose ingestion. Read More

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December 2018

Tendon Remodeling in Response to Resistance Training, Anabolic Androgenic Steroids and Aging.

Cells 2018 Dec 7;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Graduate Program of Rehabilitation Science, University of Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brasília 70840-901, Distrito Federal, Brazil.

Exercise training (ET), anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), and aging are potential factors that affect tendon homeostasis, particularly extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. The goal of this review is to aggregate findings regarding the effects of resistance training (RT), AAS, and aging on tendon homeostasis. Data were gathered from our studies regarding the impact of RT, AAS, and aging on the calcaneal tendon (CT) of rats. Read More

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December 2018

In Vitro and In Vivo Functional Characterization of Essence of Chicken as An Ergogenic Aid.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 7;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sports University, Taoyuan City 33301, Taiwan.

Essence of chicken is a popular Asian nutritional supplement that is often taken to improve metabolism and general health. Although used as a traditional remedy for combating fatigue and general health, there has been few studies investigating the ergogenic properties of chicken essence and its associated mechanism. We conducted a study to investigate the anti-fatigue and anti-oxidant properties of essence of chicken (EC) after exercise. Read More

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December 2018

Physical Activity and Nutrition: Two Promising Strategies for Telomere Maintenance?

Nutrients 2018 Dec 7;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Institute of Neuroscience, Université catholique de Louvain, Place Pierre de Coubertin 1 L8.10.01, 1348 Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium.

As the world demographic structure is getting older, highlighting strategies to counteract age-related diseases is a major public health concern. Telomeres are nucleoprotein structures that serve as guardians of genome stability by ensuring protection against both cell death and senescence. A hallmark of biological aging, telomere health is determined throughout the lifespan by a combination of both genetic and non-genetic influences. Read More

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December 2018

Exercise and the Timing of Snack Choice: Healthy Snack Choice is Reduced in the Post-Exercise State.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 7;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA.

Acute exercise can induce either a compensatory increase in food intake or a reduction in food intake, which results from appetite suppression in the post-exercise state. The timing of food choice-choosing for immediate or later consumption-has been found to influence the healthfulness of foods consumed. To examine both of these effects, we tested in our study whether the timing of food choice interacts with exposure to exercise to impact food choices such that choices would differ when made prior to or following an exercise bout. Read More

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December 2018

Molecular and Functional Interaction of the Myokine Irisin with Physical Exercise and Alzheimer's Disease.

Molecules 2018 Dec 7;23(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School of Inje University, Gimhae 50834, Korea.

Irisin, a skeletal muscle-secreted myokine, produced in response to physical exercise, has protective functions in both the central and the peripheral nervous systems, including the regulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factors. In particular, irisin is capable of protecting hippocampus. Since this area is the region of the brain that is most susceptible to Alzheimer's disease (AD), such beneficial effect may inhibit or delay the emergence of neurodegenerative diseases, including AD. Read More

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December 2018

The Effects of Tai Chi on Heart Rate Variability in Older Chinese Individuals with Depression.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 Dec 7;15(12). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Martial Arts, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China.

Very little research has been done to simultaneously investigate the effects of Tai Chi (TC) on depression and heart rate variability (HRV). This study, therefore, attempted to explore the effects of TC on depression and on HRV parameters. Sixty older individuals with depression score of 10 or above (the Geriatric Depression Scale, GDS) were randomly assigned into two groups: TC ( = 30) and control group ( = 30). Read More

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December 2018

Atrial fibrillation in athletes and general population: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13405

Center of Morphological Experiment, Medical College of Yanbian University.

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of heart arrhythmia, but the impact of long-term, high-intensity endurance exercise on the risk of AF remains uncertain.

Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases were searched till Nov 2017 to retrieve the articles. The included studies were summarized, pooled odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Read More

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December 2018