6,511 results match your criteria Exercise Prescription

Intermittent Exercise at Lactate Threshold Induces Lower Acute Stress than Its Continuous Counterpart in Middle-to-Older Aged Men.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 19;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Center for Liberal Arts, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka 811-0295, Japan.

This study aimed to compare the degree of exhaustion and trophic effects between continuous exercise (CE) and intermittent exercise (IE) at lactate threshold (LT) intensity. Seven healthy men (age: 43-69 years) performed the following three experimental tests in a randomized crossover order: (1) control; (2) CE, performed as a 20-min of cycling at LT intensity; and (3) IE, performed as 20 sets of a one-min bout of cycling at LT intensity with a 30-s rest between every two sets. Heart rate (HR), blood lactate concentration (LA), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), catecholamines, cortisol, growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were measured. Read More

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Impacts of an Exercise Intervention on the Health of Pancreatic Beta-Cells: A Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 13;19(12). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Sports Science, University of Harbin Sport, Harbin 150008, China.

There is an increasing consensus that exercise is a medicine and that regular exercise can effectively improve and prevent metabolic diseases such as diabetes. Islet cells are the endocrine of the pancreas and vital to the development of diabetes. Decades of developmental research in exercise intervention and the health of islet cells confirmed that exercise exerts beneficial effects on the function, proliferation, and survival rate of islet cells. Read More

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Therapeutic Effects of Intradialytic Exercise on Life Quality of Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease: Study Protocol for a Randomized Control Trial.

Healthcare (Basel) 2022 Jun 14;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung 407219, Taiwan.

Background: Exercise training has positive effects on physical functions and could reduce a sedentary lifestyle for hemodialysis (HD) patients. Given that low-level physical activity increases morbidity and mortality, here, we aimed to determine the effects of an intradialytic exercise program delivered at different frequencies on HD patients in Taiwan.

Methods: This study is a prospective, randomized control trial. Read More

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Reproducibility and Applicability of Traditional Strength Training Prescription Recommendations.

Biology (Basel) 2022 Jun 2;11(6). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Radiology, Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Background: The aim of this study was to verify the reproducibility of a resistance training protocol in the bench press (BP) exercise, based on traditional recommendations, analysing the effect of the muscle fatigue of each set and of the whole exercise protocol.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, thirty male physical education students were divided into three groups according to their relative strength ratio (RSR), and they performed a 1RM BP test (T1). In the second session (T2), which was one week after T1, the participants performed a BP exercise protocol of three sets with the maximum number of repetitions (MNR) possible to muscle failure, using a relative load corresponding to 70% 1RM determined through the mean propulsive velocity (MPV) obtained from the individual load-velocity relationship, with 2 min rests between sets. Read More

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Energy Consumption of Water Running and Cycling at Four Exercise Intensities.

Sports (Basel) 2022 Jun 8;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Lazio Meridionale, 03043 Cassino, Italy.

Water exercise provides a workload in every direction of motion for training in a reduced impact environment. The selection of an appropriate physical activity and an individual exercise prescription are essential to obtain training effects. The aim of the present study was to determine individualised relative exercise intensities at four speeds of motion for water cycling and water running. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of a Combined Aerobic, Strength and Flexibility Exercise Training Program in Patients with Implantable Cardiac Devices.

J Cardiovasc Dev Dis 2022 Jun 6;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Institute of Sports Medicine, Sport e Salute, 00197 Rome, Italy.

: The "FIDE Project" (Fitness Implantable DEvice) was organized by the Institute of Sports Medicine and Science and the World Society of Arrhythmias with the aim of demonstrating the usefulness of exercise training in improving functional capacity in patients with implantable cardiac devices. : Thirty sedentary patients were selected for the project (25 males and 5 females), with a mean age of 73 ± 5 years (range 44-94 years). Twenty-five were implanted with a Pacemaker (PM) and five with an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD). Read More

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Monitoring and Analysis of Youth Sports Physique by Intelligent Medical Robot Based on Cognitive Computing.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 13;2022:5358059. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

School of Physical Education, Shenyang Sport University, Shenyang 110032, Liaoning, China.

As a key part of promoting the physical health of the people and promoting social progress, sports has ushered in comprehensive vitality. More and more people's attention has been paid to the physical health status, especially the physical status of young people. In the field of physical fitness monitoring, although the state has continuously increased investment in human and financial resources, it still cannot meet the needs of the market. Read More

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Clinical and Demographic Factors Associated With Follow-Up in a Hospital-Based Exercise Oncology Program.

Integr Cancer Ther 2022 Jan-Dec;21:15347354221105482

University of Utah, Department of Health and Kinesiology, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Objective: Despite the numerous benefits of regular exercise participation for cancer survivors, nearly 60% of survivors do not meet current guidelines. Hospital-based exercise oncology programs may be one strategy to promote exercise engagement as survivors have expressed a preference for exercise programs associated with a cancer hospital. However, follow-up rates in hospital-based exercise oncology programs can be low. Read More

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Hierarchical framework to improve individualised exercise prescription in adults: a critical review.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2022 7;8(2):e001339. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Sports and Exercise Medicine, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Physical activity (PA) guidelines for the general population are designed to mitigate the rise of chronic and debilitating diseases brought by inactivity and sedentariness. Although essential, they are insufficient as rates of cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, metabolic and other devastating and life-long diseases remain on the rise. This systemic failure supports the need for an improved exercise prescription approach that targets the individual. Read More

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The Effect of Modified Tai Chi Exercises on the Physical Function and Quality of Life in Elderly Women With Knee Osteoarthritis.

Front Aging Neurosci 2022 26;14:860762. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the leading cause of pain and stiffness, affecting older adults' physical function and quality of life. As a form of mind-body exercise, Tai Chi has been recommended as an exercise prescription for KOA patients. This study examined the effects and continuation of modified Tai Chi exercises on physical function and quality of life in elderly women with KOA. Read More

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ACE-Neuro: A tailored exercise oncology program for neuro-oncology patients - Study protocol.

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2022 Aug 25;28:100925. Epub 2022 May 25.

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Background: Patients with primary brain tumours (i.e., neuro-oncology patients) lack access to exercise oncology and wellness resources. Read More

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Moderate-Intensity Exercise Preserves Bone Mineral Density and Improves Femoral Trabecular Bone Microarchitecture in Middle-Aged Mice.

J Bone Metab 2022 May 31;29(2):103-111. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Physical Education, Dongduk Women's University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: Aging leads to significant bone loss and elevated osteoporosis risk. Exercise slows age-related bone loss; however, the effects of various moderate-intensity exercise training volumes on bone metabolism remain unclear. This study aimed to determine the degree to which different volumes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training influence bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC), femoral trabecular bone microarchitecture, and cortical bone in middle-aged mice. Read More

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Exercise Prescription Improve the Rehabilitation of a Child With Viral Encephalitis Sequelae: A Case Report.

Front Pediatr 2022 31;10:828014. Epub 2022 May 31.

Faculty of Table Tennis, Badminton and Tennis, Chengdu Sport University, Chengdu, China.

This study conducted a personalized exercise prescription intervention on a child with viral encephalitis sequelae (VES). The purpose was to observe the rehabilitation process from the aspects of brain activation, and the curative effects on balance function and gait. A further aim was to explore the possible nerve biomechanical mechanisms between the extent of brain activation and the improvement in balance function and gait. Read More

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Development of a reference chart for monitoring cancer-related fatigue throughout a supervised exercise program.

Rehabil Oncol 2022 Apr;40(2):82-88

Division of Medical Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora CO.

Background: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is one of the most reported and functionally limiting symptoms experienced by individuals living with and beyond cancer. Exercise is effective at reducing CRF, though currently it is not possible to predict the magnitude and time course of improvement for an individual participating in an exercise program.

Objective: To develop a reference chart of CRF improvement for individuals participating in a 3-month cancer-specific exercise program. Read More

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A multi-phase intervention study of sports bra prescription for elite UK female athletes preparing for the Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics.

Res Sports Med 2022 Jun 16:1-15. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Innovation Department, Clover Global Limited, Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Athletes report poor breast/bra knowledge, breast pain, sports bras causing lacerations and chafing, negatively affecting sports performance. No bra interventions to address these issues are reported. Working with 142 UK female athletes preparing for Tokyo Olympics/Paralympics (27 sports), this multi-phase intervention assessed breast/bra knowledge, preferences, issues via surveys and breast/bra assessments. Read More

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Inter-individual variations in response to aerobic and resistance training in hypertensive older adults.

J Hypertens 2022 Jun;40(6):1090-1098

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, Universidade Federal do Pará - UFPA.

Background: Hemodynamic responses to physical training are not homogenous and uniform, and considerable inter-individual variations in the blood pressure of hypertensive individuals are noted in both aerobic and resistance training protocols. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of resistance and aerobic exercise on the blood pressure responses of hypertensive older adults.

Methods: Groups were randomly divided into resistance training, n = 20; aerobic training, n = 20; control group, n = 21). Read More

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A Case of Brachioradial Pruritus Treated with Chiropractic and Acupuncture.

Case Rep Dermatol 2022 Jan-Apr;14(1):93-97. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation/Bay Pines VA Healthcare System, C.W. Bill Young VA Medical Center, St. Petersburg, Florida, USA.

This case report discusses the treatment of brachioradial pruritus (BRP) in a 57-year-old white male veteran with chiropractic and acupuncture. The patient presented with findings consistent with a diagnosis of BRP to include sharp pain, burning, and itching at the bilateral upper extremities over the C5 and C6 dermatomes with acquired excoriations over the affected regions. The only known palliative measure was applying icepacks. Read More

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RadBone: bone toxicity following pelvic radiotherapy - a prospective randomised controlled feasibility study evaluating a musculoskeletal health package in women with gynaecological cancers undergoing pelvic radiotherapy.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 14;12(6):e056600. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Endocrinology, The Christie Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK

Introduction: Patients receiving radiotherapy are at risk of developing radiotherapy-related insufficiency fractures, which are associated with increased morbidity and pose a significant burden to patients' quality of life and to the health system. Therefore, effective preventive techniques are urgently required. The RadBone randomised controlled trial (RCT) aims to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a musculoskeletal health package (MHP) intervention in women undergoing pelvic radiotherapy for gynaecological malignancies and to preliminary explore clinical effectiveness of the intervention. Read More

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Outcomes of participation in parkrun, and factors influencing why and how often individuals participate: A systematic review of quantitative studies.

J Sports Sci 2022 Jun 13:1-14. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

School of Health Sciences, College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing, University of Newcastle, Central Coast Campus, Ourimbah, Australia.

The primary objective of this systematic review was to synthesise peer-reviewed quantitative research of outcomes associated with participation in parkrun. The secondary objective was to synthesise the quantitative research of factors influencing why, and how often, individuals participate in parkrun. Studies were identified via electronic search of Medline, AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Informit, PsychInfo, SportDiscus, and Web of Science, to 30 March 2021. Read More

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Factors Affecting the Exercise Capacity in Pediatric Primary Hypertension.

Front Pediatr 2022 25;10:882223. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Children's Hospital Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing, China.

Purpose: Exercise training is crucial to the early intervention of pediatric primary hypertension (PHT). However, much less is known about exercise capacity in this disease. This work investigated the exercise capacity in pediatric PHT and analyzed the factors affecting exercise capacity. Read More

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Use of heart rate for guiding exercise training in patients with atrial fibrillation.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Centre for Heart Rhythm Disorders, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute and Royal Adelaide Hospital, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia -

Objective: Heart rate reserve (HRR) is used to guide exercise training in patients with cardiovascular disease, primarily as a surrogate for oxygen uptake reserve (VO2R) as a marker of metabolic demand. However, the relationship between HRR and VO2R in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is not well described. We aimed to assess the validity of HRR as a surrogate for VO2R to guide exercise intensity in AF patients. Read More

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Effect of Physical Activity on Depression in Patients with Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Jun 3;19(11). Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Physical Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease worldwide, and approximately 50% of PD patients suffer from depression. We aim to determine the effects of physical activity on depression in PD patients and to provide scientific evidence-based exercise prescriptions for PD patients. A systematic review was conducted by searching PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and PsycInfo until February 2022 for randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies published in English. Read More

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A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Association and Differences between Aerobic Threshold and Point of Optimal Fat Oxidation.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 May 26;19(11). Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, 18001 Granada, Spain.

Over the past two decades, scientists have attempted to evaluate whether the point of maximal fat oxidation (FAT) and the aerobic threshold (AerT) are connected. The existence of such a relationship would allow a more tailored training approach for athletes while improving the efficacy of individualized exercise prescriptions when treating numerous health-related issues. However, studies have reported conflicting results, and this issue remains unresolved. Read More

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Clinician approach to cardiopulmonary exercise testing for exercise prescription in patients at risk of and with cardiovascular disease.

Br J Sports Med 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium.

Exercise training is highly recommended in current guidelines on primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This is based on the cardiovascular benefits of physical activity and structured exercise, ranging from improving the quality of life to reducing CVD and overall mortality. Therefore, exercise should be treated as a powerful medicine and critical component of the management plan for patients at risk for or diagnosed with CVD. Read More

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Breast cancer survivors' physical activity and experiences while transitioning to a virtual cardiovascular rehabilitation program during a pandemic (COVID-19).

Support Care Cancer 2022 Jun 8. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, 355 Harbord St., Toronto, Ontario, M5G 2W6, Canada.

Breast cancer accounts for 25% of all cancers among Canadian females. Despite successes of decreased mortality, adverse treatment effects, such as cardiotoxicity, contribute to a sedentary lifestyle and decreased quality of life. Physical activity (PA) is a possible therapy for the late effects; however, COVID-19 restricted access to in-person cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) programs. Read More

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The Development of a Digital Tool for Planning Physical Exercise Training During Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2022 Jun;290:1098-1099

Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Digital Health and Prevention, Salzburg, Austria.

In this work, we describe the conceptualization and development of a digital tool to support patients in adhering to prescription of physical exercise training during cardiac rehabilitation. To meet the need for an individual and trackable heart-healthy training plan - which became even more evident during the Coronavirus pandemic - the Activity Planning Tool was developed within a user-centered design process. Tackling the relationship between rehabilitation professional and patient, it allows to jointly set up, monitor, and regularly review a personalized physical activity plan. Read More

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The blood pressure response to acute exercise predicts the ambulatory blood pressure response to exercise training in patients with resistant hypertension: results from the EnRicH trial.

Hypertens Res 2022 Jun 7. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Institute of Biomedicine - iBiMED, School of Health Sciences, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Reports suggest that the blood pressure (BP) response to an acute bout of exercise is associated with the BP response to aerobic training in participants with elevated BP. These associations have not been tested among patients with resistant hypertension. This study aimed to determine whether the BP response to acute exercise predicts the 24-h ambulatory BP response to a 12-week exercise training program in patients with resistant hypertension (n = 26, aged 59. Read More

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Developing Clinical Decision Support System using Machine Learning Methods for Type 2 Diabetes Drug Management.

Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2022 Jan-Feb;26(1):44-49. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Health Informatics, Kalpavriksh Healthcare, Dwarka, Delhi, India.

Background And Objectives: Application of artificial intelligence/machine learning (AI/ML) for automation of diabetes management can enhance equitable access to care and ensure delivery of minimum standards of care. Objective of the current study was to create a clinical decision support system using machine learning approach for diabetes drug management in people living with Type 2 diabetes.

Methodology: Study was conducted at an Endocrinology clinic and data collected from the electronic clinic management system. Read More

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Towards an improved understanding of proximity-to-failure in resistance training and its influence on skeletal muscle hypertrophy, neuromuscular fatigue, muscle damage, and perceived discomfort: A scoping review.

J Sports Sci 2022 Jun 5:1-23. Epub 2022 Jun 5.

School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

While proximity-to-failure is considered an important resistance training (RT) prescription variable, its influence on physiological adaptations and short-term responses to RT is uncertain. Given the ambiguity in the literature, a scoping review was undertaken to summarise evidence for the influence of proximity-to-failure on muscle hypertrophy, neuromuscular fatigue, muscle damage and perceived discomfort. Literature searching was performed according to PRISMA-ScR guidelines and identified three themes of studies comparing either: i) RT performed to momentary muscular failure versus non-failure, ii) RT performed to set failure (defined as anything other than momentary muscular failure) versus non-failure, and iii) RT performed to different velocity loss thresholds. Read More

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