158,190 results match your criteria Evidence-Based Mental Health [Journal]


Program implementer perspectives replicating evidence based sexual reproductive health programs.

Eval Program Plann 2018 Dec 6;73:80-87. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

The Johns Hopkins Center for Child & Community Health, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 5200 Eastern Avenue, Suite 4200, Mason F. Lord Building, Center Tower, Baltimore, MD 21224, United States.

Purpose: Explore factors affecting implementation of evidence based adolescent sexual/reproductive health programs, from the perspectives of program implementers.

Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 program implementers delivering six sexual/reproductive health programs in New Jersey. Programs were delivered among 2698 primarily African American and Hispanic adolescents in school and community-based settings. Read More

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December 2018

Evidence based survey of the distribution volume of ethanol: Comparison of empirically determined values with anthropometric measures.

Forensic Sci Int 2018 Nov 13;294:124-131. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Principal Forensic Services, Bromley, Kent, UK.

The Widmark equation is commonly used when blood alcohol calculations are required in forensic and legal medicine, such as in road-traffic cases and alcohol-related deaths. An important biological variable in this connection is the volume of distribution (V) of ethanol, which is commonly referred to as the rho-factor. Although a person's V can be determined empirically through controlled drinking experiments, this approach is not very practical in reality. Read More

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November 2018

Design of a randomized controlled trial on the efficacy of a reproductive health survivorship care plan in young breast cancer survivors.

Contemp Clin Trials 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, 3855 Health Sciences Dr. La Jolla, CA 92093-090, USA; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Diego, 9300 Campus Pointe Drive, MC 7433, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Young breast cancer survivors (YBCS) have unmet needs for managing hot flashes, fertility-related concerns, sexual health and contraception.

Purpose: Describe the design and participant characteristics of a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of the survivorship care plan on reproductive health (SCP-R) intervention on improving hot flashes, fertility-related concerns, sexual health, and contraception in YBCS.

Methods: SCP-R is a web-based intervention with text message support encompassing evidence- based practices on four reproductive health issues. Read More

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December 2018

Comparative effectiveness and harms of long-acting insulins for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Diabetes Obes Metab 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Pacific Northwest Evidence-based Practice Center Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon.

Aims: To review evidence comparing benefits and harms of long-acting insulins in Type 1 and 2 diabetes.

Methods: MEDLINE and two Cochrane databases were searched through February 2018. Two authors selected studies meeting inclusion criteria and assessed their quality. Read More

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December 2018

British Association of Dermatologists guidelines for the management of hidradenitis suppurativa (acne inversa) 2018.

Br J Dermatol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

British Association of Dermatologists, Willan House, 4 Fitzroy Square, London, W1T 5HQ, U.K.

The overall objective of the guideline is to provide up-to-date, evidence-based recommendations for the management of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). The document aims to:. offer an appraisal of all relevant literature up to July 2018, focusing on any key developments. Read More

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December 2018

How Do Family Strengths-Oriented Therapeutic Conversations (FAM-SOTC) Advance Psychiatric Nursing Practice?

J Nurs Scholarsh 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Psychiatric Clinical Nurse Specialist, Landspitali University Hospital, Landspitali-The National University Hospital in Iceland, Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Division, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Purpose: Family nursing interventions, focusing on therapeutic conversations, have been found to benefit primary caregivers dealing with chronic and acute illnesses. Less is known, however, about the benefit of these interventions for partner caregivers. The aims of this study were to develop and test the Family Strengths-Oriented Therapeutic Conversation (FAM-SOTC) intervention for partner caregivers of young individuals with eating disorders (EDs). Read More

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December 2018

Unit Leadership and Climates for Evidence-Based Practice Implementation in Acute Care: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study.

J Nurs Scholarsh 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Rho, Professor, University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to (a) describe nurse manager (NM) leadership behaviors for evidence-based practice, NM evidence-based practice competencies, and unit climates for evidence-based practice implementation in acute care, and (b) test for differences in NMs' and staff nurses' (RNs') perceptions.

Design: A multisite cross-sectional design was used to collect data from a sample of 24 NMs and 553 RNs from 24 adult medical-surgical units in seven U.S. Read More

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December 2018

Recent Advances on Relationship Between Inorganic Phosphate and Pathologic Calcification: Is Calcification After Breast Augmentation with Fat Grafting Correlated with Locally Increased Concentration of Inorganic Phosphate?

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Aesthetic and Reconstructive Breast Surgery, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, 33 Badachu Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, 100144, China.

Background: Pathologic calcification has frequently occurred after breast augmentation with fat grafting as well as other conditions such as breast cancer, trauma, myocardial infarction, arteriosclerosis and even after reduction mammoplasty. Inorganic phosphate, correlated with fat metabolism, is an important factor that induces pathologic calcification such as vascular calcification.

Methods: A literature search was conducted using PubMed with the keywords: calcification, inorganic phosphate, fat. Read More

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December 2018

The Use of Platelet-Rich Plasma in Aesthetic and Regenerative Medicine: A Comprehensive Review.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Introduction: In recent years, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a promising autologous biological treatment modality for the use in aesthetic and regenerative medicine. PRP is a high concentration of platelets derived from whole blood which is isolated by centrifugation to separate and concentrate platelet-containing plasma from red blood cells. PRP comprises hundreds of bioactive proteins, including growth factors, peptides, and cytokines that stimulate healing of skin and soft tissues. Read More

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December 2018
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M1/M2 Macrophages Play Different Roles in Adipogenic Differentiation of PDGFRα Preadipocytes In Vitro.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Breast Plastic and Reconstructive Center, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, 33 Badachu Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, 100144, People's Republic of China.

Background: PGGFRα preadipocytes are the major subpopulations that can regenerate into adipocytes. Two different types of macrophages exist in the fat tissue: the classically activated macrophage (M1) and the alternatively activated macrophage (M2). In this study, we investigated whether M1/M2 macrophages play distinct roles in adipogenic differentiation of PDGFRα preadipocytes. Read More

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December 2018

Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural therapy: a protocol for an overview of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e025761. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Introduction: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a psychological therapy that has been used to improve patient well-being across multiple mental and physical health problems. Its effectiveness has been examined in thousands of randomised control trials that have been synthesised into hundreds of systematic reviews. The aim of this overview is to map, synthesise and assess the reliability of evidence generated from these systematic reviews of the effectiveness of CBT across all health conditions, patient groups and settings. Read More

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December 2018

Relationship between hospital or surgeon volume and outcomes in joint arthroplasty: protocol for a suite of systematic reviews and dose-response meta-analyses.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e022797. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Introduction: Joint arthroplasty is a particularly complex orthopaedic surgical procedure performed on joints, including the hip, knee, shoulder, ankle, elbow, wrist and even digit joints. Increasing evidence from volume-outcomes research supports the finding that patients undergoing joint arthroplasty in high-volume hospitals or by high-volume surgeons achieve better outcomes, and minimum case load requirements have been established in some areas. However, the relationships between hospital/surgeon volume and outcomes in patients undergoing arthroplasty are not fully understood. Read More

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December 2018

Predicting 7-year mortality for use with evidence-based guidelines for Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) testing: findings from a large prospective study of 123 697 Australian men.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e022613. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: To develop and validate a prediction model for short-term mortality in Australian men aged ≥45years, using age and self-reported health variables, for use when implementing the Australian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Testing and Early Management of Test-Detected Prostate Cancer. Implementation of one of the Guideline recommendations requires an estimate of 7-year mortality.

Design: Prospective cohort study using questionnaire data linked to mortality data. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of community pharmacist intervention on concurrent benzodiazepine and opioid prescribing patterns.

J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Objectives: (1) To evaluate the number of opioid/benzodiazepine (BZD) prescription changes resulting from pharmacist communication to prescriber(s); (2) to determine the number of patients on concurrent opioid/BZD therapy from single versus multiple prescribers; (3) to compare the number of opioid/BZD prescription changes resulting from communication when a single versus multiple prescribers was involved in a patient's care; and (4) to compare the number of opioid/BZD prescription changes resulting from communication via fax versus the Kansas Health Information Network (KHIN) direct messaging feature.

Methods: Prospective study conducted at 13 community pharmacies, including patients 18 years of age or older simultaneously filling opioid and BZD prescriptions within 90 days before October 2017. Prescribers received faxed or KHIN communication proposing evidence-based prescription changes to opioid/BZD agents. Read More

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December 2018

Off-hours use of a smartphone intervention to extend support for individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders recently discharged from a psychiatric hospital.

Schizophr Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

The Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, 500 Hofstra Blvd, Hempstead, NY 11549, USA; Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, 350 Community Dr, Manhasset, NY 11030, USA.; Department of Psychiatry, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, 500 Hofstra Blvd, Hempstead, NY 11549, USA.. Electronic address:

Introduction: Technology-delivered healthcare interventions may enhance dissemination of evidence-based treatments in low-resource areas. These interventions may be accessed 'on-demand,' including after hours. Patients with schizophrenia do engage with technological aids but when/how they would utilize these tools is not known. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence of Known Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Multiethnic Urban Youth in Edmonton: Findings From the WHY ACT NOW Project.

Can J Diabetes 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Indigenous and Global Health Research Group, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: The Canadian Diabetes Risk Assessment Questionnaire (CANRISK) is a validated, evidence-based, self-administered tool to assess the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in multiethnic Canadian adults. Identifying individuals at high risk for type 2 diabetes allows early intervention that improves modifiable risk factors. This study examined the risk factors for type 2 diabetes in multiethnic urban youth in Edmonton, Alberta. Read More

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October 2018

The Results of Randomized Controlled Trials in Emergency Medicine Are Frequently Fragile.

Ann Emerg Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences, Tulsa, OK.

Study Objective: Randomized controlled trials govern evidence-based clinical practice, and it is therefore critical that their results be robust. We aim to investigate the fragility of randomized controlled trials in emergency medicine by determining how often significance would be nullified with small changes in outcomes using the fragility index.

Methods: We conducted a methodological systematic review of randomized controlled trials in emergency medicine published in the top 10 general medicine journals and the top 10 emergency medicine journals. Read More

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December 2018

Ultrasound guided L5-S1 placement of labor epidural does not improve dermatomal block in parturients.

Int J Obstet Anesth 2018 Nov 20. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, University of Chicago, Chicago, United States of America.

Background: Based on their experience or training, anesthesiologists typically use the iliac crest as a landmark to choose the L3-4 or L2-3 interspace for labor epidural catheter placement. There is no evidence-based recommendation to guide the exact placement. We hypothesized that lower placement of the catheter would lead to a higher incidence of S2 dermatomal block and improved analgesia in late labor and at delivery. Read More

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November 2018

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment by Emergency Nurses: A Review of the Literature.

J Emerg Nurs 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Introduction: Emergency nurses could assume a unique role in the screening process and provide patient education regarding the consequences of harmful alcohol use. Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment is an evidence-based method used to identify drinking behaviors that may have a negative impact on people's lives and reduce abuse or dependence on alcohol.

Methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to evaluate both the effectiveness as well as the feasibility of nurse implementation of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment in the ED setting. Read More

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December 2018

The Genetic Diagnosis of Neurodegenerative Diseases and Therapeutic Perspectives.

Brain Sci 2018 Dec 13;8(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Evidence-Based Therapeutics Group, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Universidad de La Sabana, Chía 140013, Colombia.

Genetics has led to a new focus regarding approaches to the most prevalent diseases today. Ascertaining the molecular secrets of neurodegenerative diseases will lead to developing drugs that will change natural history, thereby affecting the quality of life and mortality of patients. The sequencing of candidate genes in patients suffering neurodegenerative pathologies is faster, more accurate, and has a lower cost, thereby enabling algorithms to be proposed regarding the risk of neurodegeneration onset in healthy persons including the year of onset and neurodegeneration severity. Read More

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December 2018

An introduction to the role of immunology in medical anthropology and molecular epidemiology.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 28;109:2203-2209. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran; Department of Anatomical Sciences, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran. Electronic address:

Medical anthropology is a multi-disciplinary approach to the medical sciences and humanities. Immunology is of the basic medical sciences dealing with anthropology as a science which involves in recognition of self and non-self. We performed this review paper to introduce the role of immunology in medical anthropology and molecular epidemiology. Read More

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January 2019

Reevaluation of the post-marketing safety of Xuebijing injection based on real-world and evidence-based evaluations.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 14;109:1523-1531. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, 233000, China.

Aims: To determine the causes of adverse reactions associated with Xuebijing injection and provide medical evidence for its safe and rational post-marketing use in clinical practice.

Materials And Methods: We used prospective nested case-control and prescription sequence analysis designs. Using data from the Hospital Information System, patients exhibiting trigger signals after receiving Xuebijing injection were classified as suspected allergic patients. Read More

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January 2019

Understanding the common pathogenesis of asthma and COPD.

Authors:
Satoshi Konno

Nihon Rinsho 2016 Oct;74(10):1729-1734

Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are obstructive pulmonary diseases characterized by chronic airway inflammation. Historically, the pathogenesis of the two diseases has been independently studied in mutually exclusive populations. However, the recent recognition of heterogeneity and of the importance of phenotypic classification in both diseases have highlighted the need to pay much attention to subjects with overlapping features of both asthma and COPD: those with asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS). Read More

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October 2016
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Current status of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer based on the evidence of JCOG0404 trial.

Nihon Rinsho 2016 Nov;74(11):1903-1908

The concept of optimal surgery for colorectal cancer in Japan includes D3 dissection, which preserves the mesocolic plane by sharp dissection off the parietal plane, with central vascular ligation. In recent 25 years, laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancers has been widespread, and Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery(JSES) demonstrated that a penetration rate of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer was 58 % in 2013. To evaluate long and short-term outcomes of laparoscopic D3 resection for stage Il/III colorectal cancer, a randomized con- trolled trial was conducted in Japan (JCOG0404). Read More

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November 2016

Hormonal physiology of childbearing: evidence and implications for women, babies and maternity care.

Authors:
Alys Einion

Pract Midwife 2017 Apr;20(4):31-34

Report review runs alongside Guideline commentary and the other evidence series articles, examining local, national and international reports that have implications directly or indirectly for midwives. It helps readers to understand what reports mean for midwifery practice and to place report recommendations into context. As with all our evidence series articles, report reviews support you to critique recommendations and have implications for your own practice. Read More

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April 2017
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Implementing change in older people's acute care.

Authors:
Liz Charalambous

Nurs Times 2016 Aug;112(27-28):15-17

Visiting times on wards providing care for older people (HCOP) wards were explorec as part of a master's in advanced nursing. Restricted visiting was not found to be evidence-based so strategies were used to explore alternative options. This small-scale project, which set out to benefit the care of older people on acute wards, used a systematic, inclusive approach to involve staff at all levels and demonstrates how evidence and theory can be translated into practice. Read More

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2018 Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy.

Clin Infect Dis 2019 Jan;68(1):1-4

Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, and Center for Evidence-based Practice, University of Pennsylvania Health System, Philadelphia.

A panel of experts was convened by the Infectious Diseases Society of America to update the 2004 clinical practice guideline on outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) [1]. This guideline is intended to provide insight for healthcare professionals who prescribe and oversee the provision of OPAT. It considers various patient features, infusion catheter issues, monitoring questions, and antimicrobial stewardship concerns. Read More

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January 2019
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Mobilising evidence to improve nursing practice: A qualitative study of leadership roles and processes in four countries.

Int J Nurs Stud 2018 Nov 27;90:21-30. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

School of Education, Health, and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.

Background: The approach and style of leaders is known to be an important factor influencing the translation of research evidence into nursing practice. However, questions remain as to what types of roles are most effective and the specific mechanisms through which influence is achieved.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to enhance understanding of the mechanisms by which key nursing roles lead the implementation of evidence-based practice across different care settings and countries and the contextual factors that influence them. Read More

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November 2018
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Estimating the probability of abusive head trauma after abuse evaluation.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 Dec 11;88:266-274. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, United States.

Background: Evidence-based, patient-specific estimates of abusive head trauma probability can inform physicians' decisions to evaluate, confirm, exclude, and/or report suspected child abuse.

Objective: To derive a clinical prediction rule for pediatric abusive head trauma that incorporates the (positive or negative) predictive contributions of patients' completed skeletal surveys and retinal exams.

Participants And Setting: 500 acutely head-injured children under three years of age hospitalized for intensive care at one of 18 sites between 2010 and 2013. Read More

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December 2018

National survey: Developing a common approach to grading of practice in pre-registration midwifery.

Nurse Educ Pract 2018 Nov 26;34:150-160. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

University College London, Gower St, Bloomsbury, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

This paper presents the final phase of a national project exploring grading of practice in programmes leading to registration as a midwife in the United Kingdom. The aim was to develop a generic framework for grading practice, enhancing standardisation while enabling flexibility in application of current and new educational standards. A mixed method on-line survey considered existing practice assessment tools, factors contributing to robust and reliable assessment and perceptions of two assessment tools developed by the research team: a 'Lexicon Framework' and 'Rubric', which were tested through scenarios. Read More

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November 2018

Which patients initiate cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure in department of veterans affairs PTSD clinics?

J Anxiety Disord 2018 Nov 20;62:53-60. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Minneapolis VA Health Care System, One Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA; Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Ave, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, 75 E River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address:

The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) and Prolonged Exposure therapy (PE) for PTSD at all of its facilities, but little is known about systematic differences between patients who do and do not initiate these treatments. VA administrative data were analyzed for 6,251 veterans receiving psychotherapy over one year in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) specialty clinics at nine VA medical centers. CPT and PE were initiated by 2,173 (35%) patients. Read More

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November 2018

International priorities for home care education, research, practice, and management: Qualitative content analysis.

Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 7;73:83-87. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Case Western Reserve University, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Despite growing demand for home care nursing, there is a growing home care workforce shortage, due in part to hospital-centric nursing curricula that lead students to undervalue of home care and community practice setting (Van Iersel et al., 2018a, 2018b).

Objectives: Articulate an international vision for the future of home care education, research, practice, and management shared by experienced home care nurses working in leadership roles. Read More

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December 2018

Current Resources for Evidence-Based Practice, January 2019.

Authors:
Marit L Bovbjerg

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

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December 2018

One-Session Treatment of Phobias in Children: Recent Developments and a Systematic Review.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; email:

One-session treatment is a well-established evidence-based treatment for specific phobias in youths that incorporates reinforcement, cognitive challenges, participant modeling, psychoeducation, and skills training into a single, massed session of graduated exposure. This review begins by briefly examining the phenomenology, etiology, epidemiology, and assessment of specific phobias and then pivots to a description of One-Session Treatment. We examine the use of One-Session Treatment with children and adolescents, briefly discussing its components and application, and subsequently review almost two decades of research supporting its efficacy. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of Patient Safety Culture on Missed Nursing Care and Adverse Patient Events.

J Nurs Care Qual 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Columbia University, School of Nursing, New York, New York (Dr Hessels); Ann May Center for Nursing and Allied Health, Hackensack Meridian Health, Neptune, New Jersey (Drs Hessels, Weaver, and Wurmser); Institute of Evidence-Based Care, Hackensack Meridian Health, Neptune, New Jersey (Ms Paliwal); and Medical Services Division, United Nations, New York, New York (Dr Siddiqui).

Background: A strong patient safety culture (PSC) may be associated with improved patient outcomes in hospitals. The mechanism that explains this relationship is underexplored; missed nursing care may be an important link.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe relationships among PSC, missed nursing care, and 4 types of adverse patient events. Read More

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December 2018

High-grade Endometrial Carcinomas: Morphologic and Immunohistochemical Features, Diagnostic Challenges and Recommendations.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2019 Jan;38 Suppl 1:S40-S63

Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (R.M., R.A.S.) New York University Medical Center and School of Medicine, Tisch Hospital (K.M.), New York Department of Pathology, University Hospital, Stony Brook School of Medicine, Stony Brook (C.T.), New York Department of Pathology, Oslo University Hospital, Norwegian Radium Hospital; Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway (B.D.) Department of Pathology, University of California San Diego, San Diego (O.F.) Department of Pathology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles (J.K.L.R.), California Department of Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (J.A.C.) Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School (C.P.C.) Department of Pathology, Massachussetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School (E.O.), Boston, Massachussetts Department of Pathology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver (C.B.G., J.A.I.) Department of Laboratory Medicine, Pathology and Medical Genetics, Royal Jubilee Hospital, Victoria (J.A.I.), BC, Canada Department of Pathology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (A.M.) Department of Pathology, Hospital University Arnau de Vilanova; and Department of Pathology, Hospital University de Bellvitge, IRBLLEIDA, IDIBELL, University of Lleida, CIBERONC, Barcelona, Spain (X.M.-G.) Department of Pathology, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, UK (W.G.M.) Department of Pathology and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale School of Medicine and Yale School of Publich Health, New Haven, Connecticut (V.P.) Department of Pathology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland (P.N.S.) Department of Pathology, KEMH and School for Women's and Infants' Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia (C.J.R.S.).

This review of challenging diagnostic issues concerning high-grade endometrial carcinomas is derived from the authors' review of the literature followed by discussions at the Endometrial Cancer Workshop sponsored by the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists in 2016. Recommendations presented are evidence-based, insofar as this is possible, given that the levels of evidence are weak or moderate due to small sample sizes and nonuniform diagnostic criteria used in many studies. High-grade endometrioid carcinomas include FIGO grade 3 endometrioid carcinomas, serous carcinomas, clear cell carcinomas, undifferentiated carcinomas, and carcinosarcomas. Read More

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January 2019
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Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists/European Association of Cardiothoracic Anaesthetists Practice Advisory for the Management of Perioperative Atrial Fibrillation in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery.

Anesth Analg 2019 Jan;128(1):33-42

Department of Perioperative Medicine, Barts Heart Centre, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Postoperative atrial fibrillation (poAF) is the most common adverse event after cardiac surgery and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and hospital and intensive care unit length of stay. Despite progressive improvements in overall cardiac surgical operative mortality and postoperative morbidity, the incidence of poAF has remained unchanged at 30%-50%. A number of evidence-based recommendations regarding the perioperative management of atrial fibrillation (AF) have been released from leading cardiovascular societies in recent years; however, it is unknown how closely these guidelines are being followed by medical practitioners. Read More

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January 2019

Effective But Not Adhered to: How Can We Improve Adherence to Evidence-Based Hamstring Injury Prevention in Amateur Football?

Clin J Sport Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Rehabilitation, Physical Therapy Science and Sports, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neurosciences, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Objectives: To investigate adherence to a Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) program in a real-world context of male amateur football, and the perceptions of end users (players) and intervention deliverers (coaches and medical staff) about adherence to this proven effective program.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Dutch amateur football. Read More

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December 2018

Can a smartphone App help manage wounds in primary care?

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Nursing & Health Professions, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Background And Purpose: Although wound care guidelines are available for primary care providers, barriers to assessment and treatment remain. This article examines current evidence supporting wound management, wound guidelines, and provider comfort with wound management in primary care and discusses the need for improved training, education, and the development of a simplified approach to wound management in primary care.

Methods: This review of evidence examines knowledge of wound care, wound curriculum, and the current availability of guidelines for health care providers at the frontlines. Read More

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December 2018
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Statewide implementation of child trauma-focused practices using the community-based learning collaborative model.

Psychol Serv 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institute of Behavioral Science.

A significant number of youth in the United States experience traumatic events that substantially increase the risk of physical and behavioral health problems across the life span. This public health concern warrants concerted efforts to promote trauma-informed, evidence-based practices that facilitate recovery. Although youth-focused trauma-specific treatments exist, determining effective ways to disseminate and implement these services-so that they are available, accessible, and sustainable-poses an ongoing challenge. Read More

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December 2018

Underaddressed animal-welfare issues in conservation.

Conserv Biol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

College of Veterinary Medicine, School of Veter…cut the number of references to the best 3inary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, 90 South St, Murdoch, WA 6160, Australia.

Much progress has been made improving animal welfare in conservation over the past two decades. However, several glaring knowledge gaps remain where animal welfare concerns exist but animal welfare studies have not been performed in politically sensitive contexts. We use examples from Australia to identify four such issues lacking meaningful analysis; the absence of animal welfare oversight for operations designated as "management" (as opposed to research), the lack of consideration for the animal welfare impacts of biological agents that are used to control invasive animals, the paucity of studies to examine the welfare of animals that are hunted recreationally, and the scarcity of studies to examine the animal welfare impacts associated with Indigenous wildlife use. Read More

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December 2018

No Easy Answers: Avoiding Potential Pitfalls of De-implementation.

Am J Community Psychol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

School of Social Work, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

In 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began to de-emphasize and de-implement multiple evidence-based HIV prevention practices that had been around for 20 years, thus changing the scope of implementation across the globe. The authors provide evidence how existing interventions (e.g. Read More

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December 2018

Preconception management of women with obesity: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Medicine (Austin Health), University of Melbourne, Heidelberg Heights, Victoria, Australia.

The prevalence of women of child-bearing age with obesity continues to rise at an alarming rate. This has significant implications for both the short-term and long-term health of mother and offspring. Given the paucity of evidence-based literature in this field, the preconception management of women with obesity is highly variable both between institutions and around the world. Read More

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December 2018

A Systematic Review of Ayres Sensory Integration Intervention for Children with Autism.

Autism Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Occupational Therapy Jefferson, College of Health Professions Faculty, Farber Institute for Neurosciences Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Sensory integration is one of the most highly utilized interventions in autism, however, a lack of consensus exists regarding its evidence base. An increasing number of studies are investigating the effectiveness of this approach. This study used the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) Standards for Evidence-based Practices in Special Education to evaluate the effectiveness research from 2006 to 2017 on Ayres Sensory Integration (ASI) intervention for children with autism. Read More

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December 2018
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Dissemination of the CAPABLE Model of Care in a Medicaid Waiver Program to Improve Physical Function.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background/objectives: Of older adults, 42% report problems with daily function, and physical function is the most important consideration for aging individuals. Thus, we implemented a model of care focused on improving physical function and examined health and use outcomes and satisfaction.

Design: A 3-year participatory, single-group pretrial/posttrial benchmarked to a usual care cohort that was evaluated prior to the study. Read More

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December 2018

Evidence-based skin care in preterm infants.

Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, California.

Most guidelines on neonatal skin care emphasize issues pertaining to healthy, term infants. Few address the complex task of skin barrier maintenance in preterm, very preterm, and extremely preterm infants. Here, we provide an evidence-based review of the literature on skin care of preterm neonates. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

The effect of a teamwork intervention on staff perception of teamwork and patient care on a medical surgical unit.

Nurs Forum 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Nursing, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky.

As a result of the ever-changing health care environment and patient complexity, it is difficult for nursing teams to provide safe quality care and complete all tasks, also known as missed nursing care. Missed nursing care is a global health care issue and defined as any aspect of care missed in part, in whole, or delayed. Teamwork has been found to not only positively impact the performance of a team, but also patient outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Update on the Role of Research in the Oncology Nursing Society.

Oncol Nurs Forum 2019 Jan;46(1):11-14

Oncology Nursing Society.

Changes are underway at the Oncology Nursing Society to align resources so that scientists have the support needed to generate new knowledge and clinicians have access to tools needed to use evidence-based interventions that can speed the translation of research to transform cancer care. Read More

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January 2019