26,440 results match your criteria Evaluating the Literature

Autism spectrum disorder and dentoalveolar trauma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Division of orthodontics, University clinics of dental medicine, University of Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Objectives: Patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be more predisposed to oral pathology, including dentoalveolar trauma. Our aim was to assess the risk of dentoalveolar trauma in patients with ASD.

Materials And Methods: Meta-analysis methodology was used to compared the prevalence of dentoalveolar trauma in individuals with ASD compared to children without ASD. Read More

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Health Economics and Equity in Preconception Health Care: A Systematic Review.

Semin Reprod Med 2022 Jul 1. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Poor pregnancy outcomes affect a child's lifelong health and disadvantaged populations are at higher risk of poor pregnancy outcomes. Preconception care aims to improve pregnancy outcomes by managing conditions and risks prior to conception. Given known inequities in pregnancy outcomes, the adoption of preconception care may benefit disadvantaged populations. Read More

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Chemotherapy and gene expression profiling in older early luminal breast cancer patients: An International Society of Geriatric Oncology systematic review.

Eur J Cancer 2022 Jun 28;172:158-170. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Department of Medical Oncology, Institut Curie/Saint-Cloud, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: The benefit of chemotherapy for older patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative early breast cancer (EBC) is a key area of debate. Gene expression profiling (GEP) may identify patients deriving benefit, but their predictive role has not been established for older adults. We summarise evidence on efficacy, safety, and quality-of-life impacts of chemotherapy and on GEP use and impact in older HR-positive, HER2-negative EBC patients. Read More

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Evaluating the incidence and predictors of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in a contemporary cohort of patients diagnosed with dermoid tumors: A national inpatient sample analysis.

J Clin Neurosci 2022 Jun 28;102:109-113. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Johns Hopkins Whiting School of Engineering, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Introduction: Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is a form of encephalitis previously associated with dermoid tumors. However, most studies in the literature evaluating the disease are case reports and small patient cohorts, limiting robust statistical analysis. Here, we demonstrate predictors of anti-NMDAR encephalitis in a large cohort of US patients. Read More

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Malignancy risk stratification for solitary pulmonary nodule: A clinical practice guideline.

J Evid Based Med 2022 Jul 1. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Clinical Question: The detection rate of the solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) is increasing with the popularization of CT scanning. Malignancy risk stratification for SPN is a major clinical difficulty.

Current Practice: There have been several guidelines for SPN assessment. Read More

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Ciliated foregut cyst of the gall bladder in the Calot's triangle: A case report with review of literature.

J Minim Access Surg 2022 May 17. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Minimal Access Surgery, Belle Vue Clinic, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Ciliated foregut cysts (CFCs) are rare anomalies of the foregut epithelium. The common sites in the abdomen are liver and gall bladder. There are only 16 cases of CFC reported in the gall bladder to date. Read More

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The Achilles' heel of cancer survivors: fundamentals of accelerated cellular senescence.

J Clin Invest 2022 Jul;132(13)

Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Recent improvements in cancer treatment have increased the lifespan of pediatric and adult cancer survivors. However, cancer treatments accelerate aging in survivors, which manifests clinically as the premature onset of chronic diseases, such as endocrinopathies, osteoporosis, cardiac dysfunction, subsequent cancers, and geriatric syndromes of frailty, among others. Therefore, cancer treatment-induced early aging accounts for significant morbidity, mortality, and health expenditures among cancer survivors. Read More

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Effects of botulinum toxin in patients with myofascial pain related to temporomandibular joint disorders: A systematic review.

Dent Med Probl 2022 Apr-Jun;59(2):271-280

Department of Orthodontics, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Botulinum toxin is used as an alternative for the treatment of chronic refractory myofascial pain derived from temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). It is important to establish the benefits of botulinum toxin in this type of symptomatology. The aim of the study was to conduct a systematic review in order to evaluate the effects of botulinum toxin in patients with myofascial pain related to temporomandibular disorders. Read More

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November 2021

Understanding Individual Differences in Metacognitive Strategy Use, Task Demand, and Performance in Integrated L2 Speaking Assessment Tasks.

Front Psychol 2022 14;13:876208. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Institute of Linguistics, Shanghai International Studies University, China Center for Language Planning and Policy Studies, State Language Commission of China, Shanghai, China.

This study investigated the concept of individual differences (IDs) in the use of metacognitive strategies (planning, problem-solving, monitoring, and evaluating) and its relationship with task demand and learner performance within Kormos' Bilingual Speech Production Model from the lens of Chinese English-as-foreign-language (EFL) learners in the context of integrated L2 speaking assessment. To measure metacognitive strategies, we administered an inventory on 134 Chinese EFL learners after they completed four integrated L2 speaking assessment tasks. Descriptive analysis and multiple linear regression were adopted for data analysis, and results show that: (a) IDs displayed variance in Chinese EFL learners' metacognitive strategy use; (b) among the four metacognitive strategies under investigation, problem-solving was reported to be used the most frequently in sharp contrast to monitoring, which had the lowest frequency; (c) metacognitive strategies worked interactively, responding to task demands involved in the four integrated L2 speaking assessment tasks; and (d) Chinese EFL learners' use of metacognitive strategies, in individual and interactive working modes, had no relationship with their speaking performance. Read More

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The eradication rate of infection in septic knee arthritis according to the Gächter Classification: a systematic review.

Orthop Rev (Pavia) 2022 25;14(2):33754. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Public Health, Orthopedic Unit, "Federico II" University, Naples (Italy).

Introduction: Knee septic arthritis rapidly damages the knee joint. Gächter described a classification of joint infections based on arthroscopic findings: an arthroscopic staging of the common disease has prognostic and therapeutic consequences. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze the application of the Gächter classification system to knee septic arthritis, evaluating prognostic and therapeutic implications of this classification. Read More

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Multidisciplinary Approach for Adult Patients With Childhood-Onset Chronic Disease Focusing on Promoting Pediatric to Adult Healthcare Transition Interventions: An Updated Systematic Review.

Front Pediatr 2022 14;10:919865. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Doctoral Program in Nursing Science, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

Introduction: Owing to improved prognosis, the number of adult patients with childhood-onset chronic disease (APCCD) has increased. In this systematic review, we evaluated a multidisciplinary approach toward APCCD, focusing on promoting pediatric to adult healthcare transition interventions and their effects.

Methods: We reviewed literature comparing the effects of pediatric to adult healthcare transition interventions in children and adolescents with childhood-onset chronic disease, using PubMed, MEDLINE, and CINAHL, from 2010 to 2021 (keywords: "transition," "children," "intervention," "healthcare," etc. Read More

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Evaluating the Quality of a Clinical Mobile App for Physicians' CT Scan Ordering Using the MARS Rating Scale.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2022 Jun;295:382-385

DigiHealth Institute, Neu-Ulm University of Applied Sciences, Neu-Ulm, Germany.

Given the lack of literature on the contributing factors to adopt mobile applications (apps) among physicians and the crucial role of the quality of the apps in their widespread use, the aim of this study is using the Mobile App Rating Scale (MARS) to evaluate the quality of the head CT scan appropriateness criteria app(HAC app). It was developed to assist medical interns and residents in ordering head CT scans. MARS is internationally recognized as an app rating tool and consists of four objective and subjective quality subscales quality subscale. Read More

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Usability Evaluation of a Modern Multilingual MeSH Browser.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2022 Jun;295:37-40

Institute for AI and Informatics in Medicine, University Hospital rechts der Isar, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is one of the most important vocabularies for information retrieval in medical research. It enables fast and reliable retrieval of research on PubMed/MEDLINE, the world's largest body of medical literature. The original English version of the thesaurus can be accessed via a MeSH Browser developed by the NLM. Read More

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Uses of mathematical modeling to estimate the impact of mass drug administration of antibiotics on antimicrobial resistance within and between communities.

Scott W Olesen

Infect Dis Poverty 2022 Jun 30;11(1):75. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard Chan School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Antibiotics are a key part of modern healthcare, but their use has downsides, including selecting for antibiotic resistance, both in the individuals treated with antibiotics and in the community at large. When evaluating the benefits and costs of mass administration of azithromycin to reduce childhood mortality, effects of antibiotic use on antibiotic resistance are important but difficult to measure, especially when evaluating resistance that "spills over" from antibiotic-treated individuals to other members of their community. The aim of this scoping review was to identify how the existing literature on antibiotic resistance modeling could be better leveraged to understand the effect of mass drug administration (MDA) on antibiotic resistance. Read More

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Environmental impacts of mass drug administration programs: exposures, risks, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance.

Infect Dis Poverty 2022 Jun 30;11(1):78. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7431, USA.

Mass drug administration (MDA) of antimicrobials has shown promise in the reduction and potential elimination of a variety of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). However, with antimicrobial resistance (AMR) becoming a global crisis, the risks posed by widespread antimicrobial use need to be evaluated. As the role of the environment in AMR emergence and dissemination has become increasingly recognized, it is likewise crucial to establish the role of MDA in environmental AMR pollution, along with the potential impacts of such pollution. Read More

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Bias in IGF-1 concentrations and interpretation across three different clinical laboratory assays.

Clin Biochem 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada; Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.

In this study, we compared the DiaSorin LiaisonXL IGF-1 immunoassay to both the Roche Elecsys IGF-1 immunoassay and to the liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-MS) IGF-1 assay. Our study shows a constant positive bias in DiaSorin compared to the Roche immunoassay (mean 42 ug/L, 24%), and a proportional positive bias in DiaSorin compared to the LC-MS method (mean 49 ug/L, 29%). Further, we demonstrate the potential clinical impact of this bias by evaluating 43 adult samples, collected over a 2-month period, which were shown to be discrepant based on a chart review. Read More

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Reliability of radio-ulnar and carpal alignment measurements in the wrist between radiographs and 3D imaging.

Eur J Radiol 2022 Jun 22;154:110417. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Diagnostic department, Radiology Unit, Geneva University Hospital, Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1205 Genève, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Objective: Conventional radiography is the first modality to investigate the radio-ulno-carpal joint in the event of trauma or instability. This study sought to determine the reliability of cone beam computer tomography (CBCT) and scout of view in evaluating carpal alignment compared with conventional radiographs in order to assess the influence of wrist kinematics on usual measurements.

Materials And Methods: We prospectively recruited 305 patients who successively underwent plain radiography and CBCT. Read More

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A systematic review of match-play characteristics in women's soccer.

PLoS One 2022 30;17(6):e0268334. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom.

This review aimed to (1) systematically review the scientific literature evaluating the match-play characteristics of women's soccer, (2) determine the methods adopted to quantify match-play characteristics of women's soccer, and (3) present the physical, technical and tactical characteristics of women's soccer match-play across age-groups, playing standards and playing positions. A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted in May 2021; keywords relating to the population, soccer and match-play characteristics were used. Studies which quantified physical, technical or tactical performance of women's soccer players during match-play were included. Read More

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Insights on Selection of Undergraduate Dental Students.

Eur J Dent Educ 2022 Jun 30. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.

Introduction: The goal of selection to dental education is to find those with the greatest aptitude for dentistry. Recently, schools have introduced a variety of tools, however, these have often been adopted without appropriate evaluation regarding existing evidence for fairness, reliability, or validity. We explore dental admissions staff beliefs about the quality of different selection tools, with the objective of exploring their decision-making in implementing selection practices. Read More

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Stimulating Results Signal a New Treatment Option for People Living With Painful Diabetic Neuropathy.

J Diabetes Sci Technol 2022 Jun 30:19322968221099542. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Grunberger Diabetes Institute, Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA.

Background: Painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is a progressive condition that deprives many patients of quality of life. With limited treatment options available, successful pain management can be difficult to achieve.

Methods: We reviewed results of recent data evaluating high frequency spinal cord stimulation (SCS). Read More

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Current treatment options and long-term outcomes in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis.

Expert Rev Clin Immunol 2022 Jun 30. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd), Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: Dietary and pharmacological (proton pump inhibitors, swallowed topical corticosteroids) therapies are effective for induction of clinical and histological remission of eosinophilic esophagitis. However, data evaluating their long-term efficacy and safety is limited.

Areas Covered: Since eosinophilic esophagitis is chronic, clinical, endoscopic and histological features usually recur when successful treatments are stopped. Read More

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Psychometric Properties of Disaster Preparedness Tools in Nurses: A Systematic Literature Review.

Bilge Kalanlar

Prehosp Disaster Med 2022 Jun 30:1-6. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Nursing, Hacettepe University Faculty of Nursing Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: There is no widely-recommended standardized and valid measurement tool for evaluating the disaster preparedness of nurses. This study aims to assess the psychometric properties of scales developed or adapted to evaluate the sudden-impact natural disaster preparedness of nurses.

Methods: This study is a systematic literature review for the psychometric properties of disaster preparedness tools. Read More

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Measuring Mood and Anxiety Disorders by Patient Reported Outcomes in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Literature Review Update.

Rev Recent Clin Trials 2022 Jun 28. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Department of Health Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Calabria, Catanzaro, Italy.

Background Anxiety and depression are the most common psychological disorders found in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients. Accurate measuring of these disorders should be proposed for a prompt management. Patient-reported outcome measurements (PROMs) allow patients to self-report their psychological symptoms. Read More

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Contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid plaques: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Echocardiography 2022 Jun 29. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Saudi Electronic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a promising imaging modality for the assessment of plaque vulnerability. We aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the ability of CEUS parameters to differentiate between symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid plaques and to assess its reproducibility.

Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies that potentially evaluated carotid plaques using CEUS. Read More

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Society of General Internal Medicine Position Statement on Social Risk and Equity in Medicare's Mandatory Value-Based Payment Programs.

J Gen Intern Med 2022 Jun 29. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Maine Medical Center Research Institute, Scarborough, ME, USA.

The Affordable Care Act (2010) and Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (2015) ushered in a new era of Medicare value-based payment programs. Five major mandatory pay-for-performance programs have been implemented since 2012 with increasing positive and negative payment adjustments over time. A growing body of evidence indicates that these programs are inequitable and financially penalize safety-net systems and systems that care for a higher proportion of racial and ethnic minority patients. Read More

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Timing of tracheostomy in patients with severe traumatic brain injuries: The need for tailored practice management guidelines.

Injury 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Orlando Regional Medical Center, Orlando, FL, USA; Department of Surgical Education, Orlando Regional Medical Center, Orlando, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of fatal trauma, and patients often require prolonged ventilation and tracheostomy. There are currently no standardized guidelines regarding the optimal timing of tracheostomy placement for mechanically ventilated patients with severe TBI. This review aims to investigate the impact of tracheostomy timing on the clinical outcomes in patients with severe TBI. Read More

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Factors associated with cancer treatment delay: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 28;12(6):e061121. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Treatment delays are significantly associated with increased mortality risk among adult cancer patients; however, factors associated with these delays have not been robustly evaluated. This review and meta-analysis will evaluate factors associated with treatment delays among patients with five common cancers.

Methods And Analysis: Scientific databases including Ovid MEDLINE, Elsevier Embase, EBSCOhost CINAHL Plus Full Text, Elsevier Scopus and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global will be searched to identify relevant articles published between January 2000 and October 2021. Read More

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Effect of Physiotherapeutic Interventions on Biomarkers of Neuropathic Pain: A Systematic Review of Preclinical Literature.

J Pain 2022 Jun 26. Epub 2022 Jun 26.

Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine. Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain.; Grupo de Investigación de Neurorrehabilitación del Daño Cerebral y los Trastornos del Movimiento (GINDAT), Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Pozuelo de Alarcón, Madrid, Spain; Motion in Brains Research Group, Institute of Neuroscience and Sciences of the Movement (INCIMOV), Centro Superior de Estudios Universitarios La Salle, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.; Grupo Multidisciplinar de Investigación y Tratamiento del Dolor. Grupo de Excelencia Investigadora URJC-Banco de Santander.; La Paz Hospital Institute for Health Research, IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain.

The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of physiotherapeutic interventions on biomarkers of neuropathic pain in preclinical models of peripheral neuropathic pain (PNP). The search was performed in Pubmed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane, Cinhal, Psycinfo, Scopus, Medline and Science Direct. Studies evaluating any type of physiotherapy intervention for PNP (systemic or traumatic) were included. Read More

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Multiview Deep Anomaly Detection: A Systematic Exploration.

IEEE Trans Neural Netw Learn Syst 2022 Jun 29;PP. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Anomaly detection (AD), which models a given normal class and distinguishes it from the rest of abnormal classes, has been a long-standing topic with ubiquitous applications. As modern scenarios often deal with massive high-dimensional complex data spawned by multiple sources, it is natural to consider AD from the perspective of multiview deep learning. However, it has not been formally discussed by the literature and remains underexplored. Read More

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Usability Methods and Attributes Reported in Usability Studies of Mobile Apps for Health Care Education: Scoping Review.

JMIR Med Educ 2022 Jun 29;8(2):e38259. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Faculty of Health and Function, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Mobile devices can provide extendable learning environments in higher education and motivate students to engage in adaptive and collaborative learning. Developers must design mobile apps that are practical, effective, and easy to use, and usability testing is essential for understanding how mobile apps meet users' needs. No previous reviews have investigated the usability of mobile apps developed for health care education. Read More

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