4,195 results match your criteria Eurosurveillance [Journal]


Hepatitis E virus in blood donors in England, 2016 to 2017: from selective to universal screening.

Euro Surveill 2019 Mar;24(10)

Blood Borne Virus Unit, Virus Reference Department, Microbiology Services and National Infection Services, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom.

IntroductionHepatitis E virus (HEV), the most common cause of acute hepatitis in many European countries, is transmitted through consumption of processed pork but also via blood transfusion and transplantation. HEV infection can become persistent in immunocompromised individuals.AimWe aimed to determine the incidence and epidemiology of HEV infection in English blood donors since the introduction of donation screening in 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.10.1800386DOI Listing

Epidemiology and genotype 3 subtype dynamics of hepatitis E virus in Belgium, 2010 to 2017.

Euro Surveill 2019 Mar;24(10)

National Reference Centre of Hepatitis Viruses, Viral Diseases, Infectious Diseases in Humans, Sciensano, Brussels, Belgium.

BackgroundHepatitis E virus (HEV) is an emerging public health concern in high-income countries and can cause acute and chronic hepatitis. Reported numbers of indigenously acquired HEV infection have increased in the past decade in many European countries. Since 2010, the National Reference Centre (NRC) for Hepatitis Viruses has been testing samples of suspected hepatitis E cases in Belgium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.10.1800141DOI Listing

Detection in the United Kingdom of the FC428 clone, with ceftriaxone resistance and intermediate resistance to azithromycin, October to December 2018.

Euro Surveill 2019 Mar;24(10)

These authors contributed equally to this work.

We describe detection in the United Kingdom (UK) of the drug-resistant FC428 clone, with ceftriaxone resistance and intermediate azithromycin resistance. Two female patients developed infection following contact with UK-resident men from the same sexual network linked to travel to Ibiza, Spain. One case failed treatment with ceftriaxone, and azithromycin and gentamicin, before successful treatment with ertapenem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.10.1900147DOI Listing

Increased risk of chikungunya infection in travellers to Thailand during ongoing outbreak in tourist areas: cases imported to Europe and the Middle East, early 2019.

Euro Surveill 2019 Mar;24(10)

Aix Marseille Université, IRD, AP-HM, SSA, VITROME, Marseille, France.

We report nine travellers with confirmed chikungunya virus infection, returning from tourist areas of Thailand to Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Romania, Israel and France, diagnosed in January and February 2019. These sentinel tourists support the intensification of chikungunya virus circulation in Thailand and highlight the potential for importation to areas at risk of local transmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.10.1900146DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

HEVnet: a One Health, collaborative, interdisciplinary network and sequence data repository for enhanced hepatitis E virus molecular typing, characterisation and epidemiological investigations.

Euro Surveill 2019 Mar;24(10)

The members of HEVnet are listed at the end of the article.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a common cause of acute hepatitis worldwide. In Europe, HEV is a zoonosis transmitted via contaminated pork meat or other pork food products. Genotype 3 is the most prevalent HEV type in the animal reservoir, as well as in humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.10.1800407DOI Listing

Influenza C virus in pre-school children with respiratory infections: retrospective analysis of data from the national influenza surveillance system in Germany, 2012 to 2014.

Euro Surveill 2019 Mar;24(10)

Robert Koch Institute, National Reference Center for Influenza, FG 17 Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, Berlin, Germany.

IntroductionRecent data on influenza C virus indicate a possible higher clinical impact in specified patient populations than previously thought.AimWe aimed to investigate influenza C virus circulation in Germany.MethodsA total of 1,588 samples from 0 to 4 year-old children presenting as outpatients with influenza-like illness (ILI) or acute respiratory infection were analysed retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.10.1800174DOI Listing

Novel influenza A(H1N2) seasonal reassortant identified in a patient sample, Sweden, January 2019.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(9)

Unit for Laboratory Surveillance of Viral Pathogens and Vaccine Preventable Diseases, Department of Microbiology, the Public Health Agency of Sweden, Solna, Sweden.

In January 2019, a human seasonal reassortant influenza A(H1N2) virus with a novel 7:1 genetic constellation was identified in a 68-year-old female patient with suspected pneumonia. The virus harboured A(H3N2) neuraminidase and remaining genes from A(H1N1)pdm09. The patient recovered after severe illness. Read More

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https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.E
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.9.1900124DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Co-circulation of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and influenza A(H3N2) viruses, World Health Organization (WHO) European Region, October 2018 to February 2019.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(9)

The members of the network are listed at the end of the article.

In the World Health Organization European Region, the 2018/19 influenza season started in week 49 2018, crossing 10% virus-positivity in sentinel surveillance specimens. At week 5 2019, activity remained elevated with positivity rates at 55%. Both A(H1N1)pdm09 and A(H3N2) viruses circulated widely and detection levels in primary care and hospital settings were similar to past seasons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.9.1900125DOI Listing
February 2019

Worsening epidemiological situation of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Europe, assessment by national experts from 37 countries, July 2018.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(9)

The members of the capacity survey group are listed at the end of this article.

A survey on the epidemiological situation, surveillance and containment activities for carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) was conducted in European countries in 2018. All 37 participating countries reported CPE cases. Since 2015, the epidemiological stage of CPE expansion has increased in 11 countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.9.1900123DOI Listing
February 2019

Predicting and mapping human risk of exposure to nymphs using climatic and environmental data, Denmark, Norway and Sweden, 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(9)

Department for Diagnostics and Scientific Advice, National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.

BackgroundTick-borne diseases have become increasingly common in recent decades and present a health problem in many parts of Europe. Control and prevention of these diseases require a better understanding of vector distribution.AimOur aim was to create a model able to predict the distribution of nymphs in southern Scandinavia and to assess how this relates to risk of human exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.9.1800101DOI Listing
February 2019

Erratum for Euro Surveill. 2019;24(8).

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(9)

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.24.9.190228eDOI Listing
February 2019

Increasing importance of European lineages in seeding the hepatitis C virus subtype 1a epidemic in Spain.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(9)

KU Leuven, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute for Medical Research, Laboratory of Clinical and Epidemiological Virology, Leuven, Belgium.

BackgroundReducing the burden of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) requires large-scale deployment of intervention programmes, which can be informed by the dynamic pattern of HCV spread. In Spain, ongoing transmission of HCV is mostly fuelled by people who inject drugs (PWID) infected with subtype 1a (HCV1a).AimOur aim was to map how infections spread within and between populations, which could help formulate more effective intervention programmes to halt the HCV1a epidemic in Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.9.1800227DOI Listing
February 2019

Genetic relatedness of ceftriaxone-resistant and high-level azithromycin resistant cases, United Kingdom and Australia, February to April 2018.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(8)

Big Data Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Between February and April 2018, three ceftriaxone-resistant and high-level azithromycin-resistant cases were identified; one in the United Kingdom and two in Australia. Whole genome sequencing was used to show that the isolates from these cases belong to a single gonococcal clone, which we name the A2543 clone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.8.1900118DOI Listing
February 2019

No evidence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in stool samples of 1,544 asylum seekers arriving in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, April 2016 to March, 2017.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(8)

These two authors have contributed equally to this manuscript and share last authorship.

Introduction: Since 2015, increased migration from Asia and Africa to Europe has raised public health concerns about potential importation of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE), specifically those producing carbapenemases (C-PE), into European hospitals.

Aims: To inform infection control practices about ESBL-PE prevalence in asylum seekers and to investigate whether C-PE prevalence exceeds that in the German population.

Methods: Cross-sectional study from April 2016-March 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.8.1800030DOI Listing
February 2019

Implementation and evaluation of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination pilot for men who have sex with men (MSM), England, April 2016 to March 2017.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(8)

Immunisation and countermeasures division, National Infection Service, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Opportunistic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for men who have sex with men (MSM) was piloted in sexual health clinics (SHC) in England between 2016 and 2018.

Aim: to evaluate the pilot's first year (April 2016-March 2017) in terms of feasibility, acceptability, uptake, impact and equity and interpret the outcome in the context of wide HPV vaccination policy.

Methods: Attendance and uptake data from routine SHC surveillance datasets and a cross-sectional survey administered to individuals receiving the vaccine were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.8.1800055DOI Listing
February 2019
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Paediatric haemolytic uraemic syndrome related to Shiga toxin-producing , an overview of 10 years of surveillance in France, 2007 to 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(8)

Members of the Réseau français hospitalier de surveillance du SHU pédiatrique have been listed at the end of the article.

IntroductionHaemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) related to Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) is the leading cause of acute renal failure in young children. In France, HUS surveillance in children aged < 15 years was implemented starting from 1996.AimWe present the results of this surveillance between 2007 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.8.1800068DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Tracking Rift Valley fever: From Mali to Europe and other countries, 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(8)

UMR VITROME, Aix-Marseille Université, IRD, AP-HM, SSA, VITROME, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.

On 16 September 2016, the World Health Organization confirmed a Rift Valley fever (RVF) outbreak in Niger. Epidemiological surveillance was reinforced among the French Armed Forces deployed in Niger and bordering countries: Chad, Mali and Burkina Faso. On 26 October, a probable case of RVF was reported in a service member sampled in Mali 3 weeks earlier. Read More

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https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.E
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.8.1800213DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Interim 2018/19 influenza vaccine effectiveness: six European studies, October 2018 to January 2019.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(8)

European Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness (IVE) group members are listed at the end of the article.

Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and A(H3N2) viruses both circulated in Europe in October 2018-January 2019. Interim results from six studies indicate that 2018/19 influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimates among all ages in primary care was 32-43% against influenza A; higher against A(H1N1)pdm09 and lower against A(H3N2). Among hospitalised older adults, VE estimates were 34-38% against influenza A and slightly lower against A(H1N1)pdm09. Read More

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https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.E
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.1900121DOI Listing
February 2019
19 Reads

Analysis of exotic squirrel trade and detection of human infections with variegated squirrel bornavirus 1, Germany, 2005 to 2018.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(8)

Bernhard-Nocht-Institut für Tropenmedizin, Hamburg, Germany.

Following the discovery in 2015 of the variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 (VSBV-1) in fatal encephalitis cases among exotic squirrel breeders and a zoo animal caretaker in Germany, a case definition was developed. It was employed during trace-back animal trade investigations and sero-epidemiological studies among breeders and zoo animal caretakers of holdings with VSBV-1 infected squirrels. During the investigation, two possible human cases who had died of encephalitis were identified retrospectively among the squirrel breeders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.8.1800483DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Job vacancy at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(8)

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.8.1902212DOI Listing
February 2019

Call for papers for a special issue on how point of care/point of impact testing (POCT/ POIT) and self-testing impact surveillance and public health.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(8)

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.8.1902213DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Emergence of divergent enterovirus (EV) D68 sub-clade D1 strains, northern Italy, September to October 2018.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(7)

Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Between September and October 2018, an enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) outbreak occurred in patients hospitalised with severe acute respiratory infection in northern Italy; 21 laboratory-confirmed cases were reported. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that 16/20 of the EV-D68 sequences belonged to a divergent group within the sub-clade D1. Since its upsurge, EV-D68 has undergone rapid evolution with the emergence of new viral variants, emphasising the need for molecular surveillance that include outpatients with respiratory illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.24.7.1900090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381661PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Multidisciplinary, evidence-based consensus guidelines for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in high-risk populations, Spain, 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(7)

Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, España.

Introduction: Although human papillomavirus (HPV) routine vaccination programmes have been implemented around the world and recommendations have been expanded to include other high-risk individuals, current recommendations often differ between countries in Europe, as well as worldwide.

Aim: To find and summarise the best available evidence of HPV vaccination in high-risk patients aiding clinicians and public health workers in the day-to-day vaccine decisions relating to HPV in Spain.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the immunogenicity, safety and efficacy/effectiveness of HPV vaccination in high-risk populations between January 2006 and June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.7.1700857DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381660PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Molecular epidemiology of an enterovirus A71 outbreak associated with severe neurological disease, Spain, 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(7)

Translational Research Network in Paediatric Infectious Diseases (RITIP), IdiPaz, Madrid, Spain.

IntroductionEnterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is an emerging pathogen that causes a wide range of disorders including severe neurological manifestations. In the past 20 years, this virus has been associated with large outbreaks of hand, foot and mouth disease with neurological complications in the Asia-Pacific region, while in Europe mainly sporadic cases have been reported. In spring 2016, however, an EV-A71 outbreak associated with severe neurological cases was reported in Catalonia and spread further to other Spanish regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.7.1800089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381658PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Cost-effectiveness and budget effect of pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV-1 prevention in Germany from 2018 to 2058.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(7)

Institute for Health Care Management and Research, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

BackgroundPre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a highly effective HIV prevention strategy for men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM). The high cost of PrEP has until recently been a primary barrier to its use. In 2017, generic PrEP became available, reducing the costs by 90%. Read More

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https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.E
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.7.1800398DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381659PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Pertactin-deficient isolates: evidence of increased circulation in Europe, 1998 to 2015.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(7)

Department of Medical Microbiology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

IntroductionPertussis outbreaks have occurred in several industrialised countries using acellular pertussis vaccines (ACVs) since the 1990s. High prevalence of pertactin (PRN)-deficient isolates has been found in these countries.AimsTo evaluate in Europe: (i) whether proportions of PRN-deficient strains increased in consecutive collections of clinical isolates; (ii) if the frequency of PRN-deficient strains in countries correlated with the time since ACV introduction; (iii) the presence of pertussis toxin (PT)-, filamentous haemagglutinin (FHA)- or fimbriae (Fim)-deficient isolates. Read More

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https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.E
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.7.1700832DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381657PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about vaccination in primary healthcare workers involved in the administration of systematic childhood vaccines, Barcelona, 2016/17.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(6)

CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Instituto Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.

BackgroundHealthcare professionals are a reliable and impactful source of information on vaccination for parents and children.ObjectivesWe aimed to describe the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs primary care professionals involved in administration of childhood vaccines in Barcelona have about vaccines and vaccination.MethodsIn 2016/17, surveys were administered in person to every public primary care centre (PCC) with a paediatrics department (n = 41). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.6.1800117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373069PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Impact of rotavirus vaccination on rotavirus genotype distribution and diversity in England, September 2006 to August 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(6)

NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

IntroductionRotavirus vaccination with the live-attenuated monovalent (a G1P[8] human rotavirus strain) two-dose Rotarix vaccine was introduced in England in July 2013. Since then, there have been significant reductions in rotavirus gastroenteritis incidence.AimWe assessed the vaccine's impact on rotavirus genotype distribution and diversity 3 years post-vaccine introduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.6.1700774DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373066PMC
February 2019
1 Read

An increase in reports of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in the United Kingdom, 1 January 2018-21 January 2019: early findings.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(6)

Members of the UK AFP task force are listed at the end of the article.

During 2018, the United Kingdom experienced an increase in reports of cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). As at 21 January 2019, 40 cases had been identified with a peak in October 2018. The increase was temporally associated with an upsurge in enterovirus (EV) D68 activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.6.1900093DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373064PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Where do Eritrean migrants get infected with malaria? The importance of considering the migration route.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(6)

WHO Collaborating Centre for Travel Medicine, Travel Clinic and Department of Public Health, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.6.1900095DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373068PMC
February 2019

Childhood vaccinations: knowledge, attitudes and practices of paediatricians and factors associated with their confidence in addressing parental concerns, Italy, 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(6)

Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

BackgroundPaediatrician recommendations are known to influence parental vaccine decisions.AimOur aim was to examine vaccination knowledge, attitudes and practices among paediatricians in Italy and identify factors associated with their confidence in addressing parental questions.MethodsAn electronic questionnaire survey was conducted from February to March 2016, among a sample of Italian paediatricians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.6.1800275DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373065PMC
February 2019

Timeliness and completeness of routine childhood vaccinations in young children residing in a district with recurrent vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks, Jerusalem, Israel.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(6)

Chief Scientist, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel.

BackgroundChildhood vaccination schedules recommend vaccine doses at predefined ages.AimWe evaluated vaccination completeness and timeliness in Jerusalem, a district with recurrent vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks.MethodsVaccination coverage was monitored by the up-to-date method (vaccination completeness at age 2 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.6.1800004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373067PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Genetic and antigenic characterisation of influenza A(H3N2) viruses isolated in Yokohama during the 2016/17 and 2017/18 influenza seasons.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(6)

Department of Special Pathogens, International Research Center for Infectious Diseases, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Influenza A(H3N2) virus rapidly evolves to evade human immune responses, resulting in changes in the antigenicity of haemagglutinin (HA). Therefore, continuous genetic and antigenic analyses of A(H3N2) virus are necessary to detect antigenic mutants as quickly as possible.

Aim: We attempted to phylogenetically and antigenically capture the epidemic trend of A(H3N2) virus infection in Yokohama, Japan during the 2016/17 and 2017/18 influenza seasons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.6.1800467DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373070PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Early season estimate of influenza vaccination effectiveness against influenza hospitalisation in children, Hong Kong, winter influenza season 2018/19.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(5)

WHO Collaborating Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control, School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

The winter 2018/19 influenza season in Hong Kong has been predominated by influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 as at January 2019. We enrolled 2,016 children in three public hospitals in Hong Kong between 2 September 2018 and 11 January 2019. Using the test-negative approach, we estimated high early season effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine against influenza A or B of 90% (95% confidence interval (CI): 80-95%) and 92% (95% CI: 82-96%) against influenza A(H1N1)pdm09. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.5.1900056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386215PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Bloodstream infections due to carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Italy: results from nationwide surveillance, 2014 to 2017.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(5)

Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

Following the rapid increase of infections due to carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in Italy, the national surveillance of bloodstream infections (BSI) due to CPE ( and ) was instituted in 2013. All CPE-BSI cases reported to the surveillance in the years 2014-17 were analysed in order to investigate incidence rate (IR), trend, main individual characteristics and enzymes involved in CPE resistance. Throughout this period, 7,632 CPE-BSI cases (IR: 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.5.1800159DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386214PMC
January 2019

Bacterial sexually transmitted infections in France: recent trends and patients' characteristics in 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(5)

Santé publique France (the French national public health agency), Saint-Maurice, France.

Diagnoses of bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STI) have been increasing in France since their resurgence in the late 1990s. This article presents recent epidemiological trends until 2016 and the patients' characteristics. STI surveillance relies on sentinel networks: a clinician-based network RésIST (clinical, biological and behavioural data for early syphilis and gonorrhoea), the lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) network (clinical, biological and behavioural data for rectal LGV, and the laboratory networks Rénachla and Rénago (demographic and biological data for chlamydial infections and gonorrhoea, respectively). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.5.1800038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386212PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Laboratory management of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus infections: perspectives from two European networks.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(5)

Authors contributed equally to the work and share last authorship.

BackgroundCrimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is considered an emerging infectious disease threat in the European Union. Since 2000, the incidence and geographic range of confirmed CCHF cases have markedly increased, following changes in the distribution of its main vector, ticks.AimsTo review scientific literature and collect experts' opinion to analyse relevant aspects of the laboratory management of human CCHF cases and any exposed contacts, as well as identify areas for advancement of international collaborative preparedness and laboratory response plans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.5.1800093DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386216PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

First detection of a allele V1016G conferring a high level of insecticide resistance in collected from Europe (Italy) and Asia (Vietnam), 2016: a new emerging threat to controlling arboviral diseases.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(5)

Department of Medical Entomology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction (Skuse) is an important vector of arboviral diseases, including dengue, chikungunya and Zika virus disease. Monitoring insecticide resistance and mechanisms by which the mosquito develops resistance is crucial to minimise disease transmission.AimTo determine insecticide resistance status and mechanisms in from different geographical regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.5.1700847DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386213PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Malaria in Eritrean migrants newly arrived in seven European countries, 2011 to 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(5)

Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Global migration has resulted in a large number of asylum applications in Europe. In 2014, clusters of cases were reported among newly arrived Eritreans. This study aimed to assess malaria among Eritrean migrants in Europe from 2011 to 2016. Read More

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https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.E
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.5.1800139DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386211PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Impact of whole genome sequencing on the investigation of food-borne outbreaks of Shiga toxin-producing serogroup O157:H7, England, 2013 to 2017.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(4)

National Infection Service, Public Health England, United Kingdom.

We aim to provide insight and guidance on the utility of whole genome sequencing (WGS) data for investigating food-borne outbreaks of Shiga toxin-producing (STEC) O157:H7 in England between 2013 and 2017. Analysis of WGS data delivered an unprecedented level of strain discrimination when compared with multilocus variable number tandem repeat analysis. The robustness of the WGS method ensured confidence in the microbiological identification of linked cases, even when epidemiological links were obscured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1800346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352002PMC
January 2019

Genomic sequence of yellow fever virus from a Dutch traveller returning from the Gambia-Senegal region, the Netherlands, November 2018.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(4)

Department of Viroscience, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

In November 2018, yellow fever was diagnosed in a Dutch traveller returning from a bicycle tour in the Gambia-Senegal region. A complete genome sequence of yellow fever virus (YFV) from the case was generated and clustered phylogenetically with YFV from the Gambia and Senegal, ruling out importation into the Netherlands from recent outbreaks in Brazil or Angola. We emphasise the need for increased public awareness of YFV vaccination before travelling to endemic countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1800684DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351999PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Cocirculation of Hajj and non-Hajj strains among serogroup W meningococci in Italy, 2000 to 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(4)

Department of Infectious Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy.

In Italy, B and C are the predominant serogroups among meningococci causing invasive diseases. Nevertheless, in the period from 2013 to 2016, an increase in serogroup W (MenW) was observed. This study intends to define the main characteristics of 63 MenW isolates responsible of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in Italy from 2000 to 2016. Read More

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https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.E
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1800183DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352001PMC
January 2019
12 Reads

Prospective genomic surveillance of methicillin-resistant (MRSA) associated with bloodstream infection, England, 1 October 2012 to 30 September 2013.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(4)

Public Health England, Clinical Microbiology and Public Health Laboratory, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

BackgroundMandatory reporting of methicillin-resistant (MRSA) bloodstream infections (BSI) has occurred in England for over 15years. Epidemiological information is recorded, but routine collection of isolates for characterisation has not been routinely undertaken. Ongoing developments in whole-genome sequencing (WGS) have demonstrated its value in outbreak investigations and for determining the spread of antimicrobial resistance and bacterial population structure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1800215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351993PMC
January 2019

Whole genome sequencing of Chester reveals geographically distinct clusters, Norway, 2000 to 2016.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(4)

Division for Infection Control and Environmental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH), Oslo, Norway.

IntroductionDuring summer 2016, Norway observed an increase in subsp. serovar Chester cases among travellers to Greece.AimOur aim was to investigate genetic relatedness of Chester for surveillance and outbreak detection by core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) and compare the results to genome mapping. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1800186DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352000PMC
January 2019

Air-conditioner cooling towers as complex reservoirs and continuous source of infection evidenced by a genomic analysis study in 2017, Switzerland.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(4)

Applied Microbiology Research, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

IntroductionWater supply and air-conditioner cooling towers (ACCT) are potential sources of infection in people. During outbreaks, traditional typing methods cannot sufficiently segregate strains to reliably trace back transmissions to these artificial water systems. Moreover, because multiple strains may be present within these systems, methods to adequately distinguish strains are needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1800192DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351994PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Whole genome sequencing-based analysis of tuberculosis (TB) in migrants: rapid tools for cross-border surveillance and to distinguish between recent transmission in the host country and new importations.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(4)

CIBER Enfermedades respiratorias (CIBERES), Spain.

BackgroundThe analysis of transmission of tuberculosis (TB) is challenging in areas with a large migrant population. Standard genotyping may fail to differentiate transmission within the host country from new importations, which is key from an epidemiological perspective.AimTo propose a new strategy to simplify and optimise cross-border surveillance of tuberculosis and to distinguish between recent transmission in the host country and new importationsMethodsWe selected 10 clusters, defined by 24-locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR), from a population in Spain rich in migrants from eastern Europe, north Africa and west Africa and reanalysed 66 isolates by whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1800005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351995PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Review of the impact of MALDI-TOF MS in public health and hospital hygiene, 2018.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(4)

Infectious Diseases Service, University Hospital of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

IntroductionMALDI-TOF MS represents a new technological era for microbiology laboratories. Improved sample processing and expanded databases have facilitated rapid and direct identification of microorganisms from some clinical samples. Automated analysis of protein spectra from different microbial populations is emerging as a potential tool for epidemiological studies and is expected to impact public health. Read More

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https://www.eurosurveillance.org/content/10.2807/1560-7917.E
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1800193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351997PMC
January 2019
18 Reads

How do advanced diagnostics support public health policy development?

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(4)

ESCMID Study Group for Genomic and Molecular Diagnostics, Basel, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1900068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351996PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Interim estimates of 2018/19 vaccine effectiveness against influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, Canada, January 2019.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(4)

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec, Quebec City, Canada.

Using a test-negative design, the Canadian Sentinel Practitioner Surveillance Network assessed interim 2018/19 vaccine effectiveness (VE) against predominant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses. Adjusted VE was 72% (95% confidence interval: 60 to 81) against medically attended, laboratory-confirmed influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 illness. This substantial vaccine protection was observed in all age groups, notably young children who appeared to be disproportionately affected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1900055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6351998PMC
January 2019
1 Read