4,986 results match your criteria European neurology[Journal]


Telemedicine in General Neurology: Interrater Reliability of Clinical Neurological Examination Via Audio-Visual Telemedicine.

Eur Neurol 2019 Feb 15;80(5-6):289-294. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Neurology, Klinikum Neumarkt, Neumarkt/OPf,

Introduction: While there are several studies on reliability of telemedicine in assessing stroke scales, little is known about the validity of a general neurological examination performed via telemedicine. Therefore, we sought to test the agreement between bedside and remote examination in acute patients of the emergency room.

Methods: Acute patients at the emergency room of a 450-bed academic teaching hospital were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497157DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of Next-Generation Sequencing for the Diagnosis of Infections of the Central Nervous System Caused by the Neurotropic Herpes Viruses: A Pilot Study.

Eur Neurol 2019 Feb 14;80(5-6):283-288. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Medical School of Chinese PLA, Beijing, China.

Background: There are sparse and limited studies on small sample size reporting the application of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in the detection of central nervous system (CNS) viral infections. We assessed the diagnostic performance of NGS of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for predicting viral infections of the CNS caused by the neurotropic herpes viruses in a pilot population.

Materials And Methods: We prospectively collected CSF samples from 24 patients with CNS viral infection from April 2017 to October 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497319DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Association between Sleep Disturbances and Daytime Somnolence in Parkinson's Disease.

Eur Neurol 2019 Feb 7;80(5-6):268-276. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Chulalongkorn Center of Excellence for Parkinson's Disease and Related Disorders, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Sleep disturbance is a common problem among patients with Parkinson's disease (PD).

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of daytime somnolence and night-time sleep disturbances; to characterise the night-time sleep disturbance in patients with daytime somnolence; and to determine the correlation between daytime somnolence and night-time sleep disturbances.

Methods: One hundred and sixty patients with PD were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496937DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Intra-Arterial Thrombolysis Improves the Prognosis of Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients without Large Vessel Occlusion.

Eur Neurol 2019 Feb 7;80(5-6):277-282. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing,

Background And Purpose: Intravenous thrombolysis is known as the only effective reperfusion therapy for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by small branches occlusion. However, it is still unclear whether intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) is safe and effective for patients without detectable arterial occlusion. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of IAT in these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496936DOI Listing
February 2019

An Evaluation of the Effect of Vision on Standing Stability in the Early Stage of Parkinson's Disease.

Eur Neurol 2019 Feb 7;80(5-6):261-267. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Eastern Finland University, Kuopio, Finland.

Background: Postural instability is a common disorder in Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to evaluate stance stability of the subjects at the early stage of PD with both linear and nonlinear approaches. Moreover, this study aimed to find the effect of visual control on quiet stance postural control in these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497041DOI Listing
February 2019

Yield of Screening Tests for Systemic Vasculitis in Young Adults with Ischemic Stroke.

Eur Neurol 2019 Feb 4;80(5-6):245-248. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Neurology, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of

Systemic vasculitis, which can involve the brain, may be one of the causes of stroke in young adults; therefore, a test panel for systemic vasculitis is considered for some young stroke patients. However, little is known about this test's yield as a screening test in young adults with ischemic stroke. We evaluated the yield of a panel for systemic vasculitis as a screening test in young patients with ischemic stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496373DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
1.362 Impact Factor

EEG Alpha (Re-)Activity after Paramedian Bi-Thalamic Stroke.

Eur Neurol 2019 Feb 4;80(5-6):254-255. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University Hospital and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496806DOI Listing
February 2019

Profile of Syrian Asylum-Seekers from Neurological Clinic in a Tertiary Center.

Eur Neurol 2019 Feb 4;80(5-6):249-253. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Neurology, University of Health Sciences, Bakirkoy Prof. Dr. Mazhar Osman Training and Research Hospital for Psychiatric, Neurologic and Neurosurgical Diseases, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: The humanitarian response for Syria has been largely managed either from within Syria or from neighboring countries, particularly Turkey. This study was aimed at determining the sociodemographic and clinical profiles of Syrian asylum-seekers admitted to our clinic, changes in patient number across years, and the percentage of patients on follow-ups.

Methods: Syrian patients who were admitted to the neurology outpatient clinics, neurology emergency department (ED), and hospitalized in the neurology clinics were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496807DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Risk Factors for Nonconvulsive Status Epilepticus after Stroke.

Eur Neurol 2019 Feb 4;80(5-6):256-260. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Cerebrovascular Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Status epilepticus (SE) sometimes occurs after stroke. SE is classified as convulsive SE (CSE) and nonconvulsive SE (NCSE). Clinical characteristics, outcomes, mortality, and recurrences of post-stroke NCSE are yet to be clarified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496512DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Herpesviridae Seropositivity in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: First Polish Study.

Eur Neurol 2019 Jan 18;80(5-6):129-135. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Neurology, Medical University of Białystok, Białystok, Poland.

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that leads to inflammation, demyelination and neurodegeneration. Viral aetiology has been suspected to be an MS trigger for a long time, and herpesviruses (HSs) are among the potential pathogens involved.

Objectives: The present investigation aims to detect the presence of antibodies against the herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella-zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human cytomegalovirus (CMV) and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6) in the serum of MS patients and control individuals in north-eastern Poland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496402DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Brain Morphology in Patients with Genetic Generalized Epilepsy: Its Heterogeneity among Subsyndromes.

Eur Neurol 2019 Jan 18;80(5-6):136-144. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea.

Background: We aimed to evaluate the brain morphology of patients with genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE) compared to healthy subjects. In addition, we investigated whether there are differences in brain morphology among different GGE syndromes.

Methods: We enrolled 100 patients with a clinical diagnosis of GGE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496698DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Angelos Katakouzenos (1902-1982): A Lifework of Neurology and Art.

Eur Neurol 2018 15;80(3-4):217-222. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Angelos and Leto Katakouzenos Foundation, Athens, Greece.

Angelos Katakouzenos, a Greek neurologist and prolific medical writer at the beginning of the 20th century, belonged to a group of artists and scholars that formed the "generation of the 30s," a cultural movement that emerged after World War I and introduced modernism in Greek art and literature. Born in 1902, Katakouzenos studied medicine in France at the Universities of Montpellier and Paris, where he trained in neurology and -psychiatry under Georges Guillain, Henri Claude, Jean-Athanase Sicard, Pierre Marie, Clovis Vincent and Théophile -Alajouanine. In Paris, he attended to Freud's patients, collaborating with the psychoanalyst Marie Bonaparte, while he was introduced to the contemporary avant-garde movements of this time, developing long-lasting friendships with artists and intellectuals, including Marc Chagall and Tériade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496352DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

The Influence of Menopause in Multiple Sclerosis Course: A Longitudinal Cohort Study.

Eur Neurol 2018 15;80(3-4):223-227. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Neurology, Hospital de Egas Moniz, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Lisbon, Portugal.

Background: Hormonal variations are known to influence the course of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the impact of menopause in MS course, including disease activity and disability progression.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal cohort study including all women, older than 44, post-menopausal, with a diagnosis of MS at least 1 year before menopause. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496374DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Central Slab versus Whole Brain to Measure Brain Atrophy in Multiple Sclerosis.

Eur Neurol 2018 3;80(3-4):207-214. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Neurologic Clinic and Policlinic, Departments of Medicine, Clinical Research and Biomedical Engineering, University Hospital Basel and University of Basel, Basel,

Background: Structural Image Evaluation using Normalization of Atrophy (SIENA) is used to measure brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, brain extraction is prone to artefacts in the upper and lower parts of the brain. To overcome these shortcomings, some pivotal MS trials used a central slab instead of the whole brain as input for SIENA. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495798
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495798DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Spontaneous Arm Movement Activity during Sleep in Epileptic and Non-Epileptic Patients.

Eur Neurol 2018 2;80(3-4):200-206. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Neurology, Centre for Neurology and Neuropsychiatry, LVR-Klinikum Düsseldorf, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf,

Purpose: Epilepsy has a complex interaction with sleep. The purpose of this study was to explore the relation between spontaneous arm movements and sleep architecture in patients with epilepsy.

Methods: This prospective study included 53 patients with suspected epilepsy (44 ± 18 years; 30 females, 23 males) and 55 age-matched patients with non-epileptic seizures (42 ± 15: 27 females, 28 males). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495799DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Blood Glucose Levels Are Associated with Cerebral Microbleeds in Patients with Acute Ischaemic Stroke.

Eur Neurol 2018 20;80(3-4):187-192. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China.

Background And Purpose: There are debates about the causative role of high blood glucose in cerebral small vessel disease. The relationship between cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and blood glucose is unclear.

Methods: Patients admitted to our department with acute ischaemic stroke were consecutively and prospectively included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494990DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Autonomic Symptoms Correlate with Non-Autonomic Non-Motor Symptoms and Sleep Problems in Patients with Parkinson's Disease.

Eur Neurol 2018 20;80(3-4):193-199. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Neurology, Dokkyo Medical University, Mibu, Japan.

Objective: The objective of this study was to clarify the relationship between autonomic and non-autonomic non-motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD).

Methods: Sixty-five PD patients were included in this study (27 men and 38 women; aged 68.5 ± 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495797DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Impaired Consciousness in the Emergency Department.

Eur Neurol 2018 12;80(3-4):179-186. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurology, Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU), Munich,

Background: The approach to unconscious patients in the emergency department (ED) is difficult, often depends on local resources and interests, and workup strategies often lack standardization. One reason for this is that data on causes, management, and outcome of patients who present to the ED with sudden onset unconsciousness of unknown cause is limited.

Objectives: This study was performed to analyze the causes of acute impaired consciousness in patients in an interdisciplinary ED. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495363
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495363DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

Intensive Statin Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke to Reduce the Number of Microemboli: A Preliminary, Randomized Controlled Study.

Eur Neurol 2018 28;80(3-4):163-170. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Neurology, Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, Xiamen,

Background: To assess whether intensive statin therapy reduces the occurrence of microemboli in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Methods: Patients with acute ischemic stroke within 72 h of onset were randomized to the intensive statin (atorvastatin 60 mg/day, adjusted to 20 mg/day after 7 days) and control (atorvastatin 20 mg/day) groups. Combined aspirin and clopidogrel were used for antiplatelet therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494989DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Stroke in Patients with Infective Endocarditis: A 15-Year Single-Center Cohort Study.

Eur Neurol 2018 28;80(3-4):171-178. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Neurology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objective: To explore the relationship between infective endocarditis (IE) and stroke.

Methods: The clinical data of patients diagnosed with IE from January 2003 to December 2017 in Beijing Anzhen Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: A total of 861 patients (mean age: 40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495149DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Intravenous Thrombolysis in Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Associated with Transient Symptoms.

Eur Neurol 2018 21;80(3-4):149-150. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Neurology, Nîmes University Hospital, Nîmes, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494669DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Decremental Responses to Repetitive Nerve Stimulation in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

Eur Neurol 2018 21;80(3-4):151-156. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an,

Introduction: To illuminate the mechanism of neuromuscular junction involvement by analyzing the features of a slow-rate repetitive nerve simulation (RNS) and EMG in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed relationship between clinical features and the decremental response in RNS in 184 sporadic ALS patients.

Results: (1) 44. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494670DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Physical Activity, Physical Function, and Quadriceps Muscle Thickness in Male Patients with Sub-Acute Stroke during Hospitalization: A Pilot Study.

Eur Neurol 2018 21;80(3-4):157-162. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Nursing and Rehabilitation, Konan Women's University, Kobe, Japan.

Increasing physical activity (PA) is an important rehabilitation target for patients with sub-acute stroke during hospitalization in order to recover physical function and prevent stroke recurrence. However, the characteristics of low PA in stroke patients during hospitalization who were targets for increased intervention have not been reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the daily number of steps and physical function and quadriceps muscle thickness (QMT) in patients with sub-acute stroke during hospitalization for convalescence rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494991DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Inflammatory Signaling in Post-Stroke Fatigue and Depression.

Eur Neurol 2018 16;80(3-4):138-148. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Stroke Biological Recovery Laboratory, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts,

Background: In the United States, stroke continues to be the cause for long-term disability. Of the patients with a first stroke, up to 75% will experience post-stroke fatigue (PSF) in the first year following stroke. PSF is one of the most disabling symptoms in stroke survivors; it decreases quality of life, increases mortality, and is a barrier to stroke rehabilitation. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494988
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494988DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Altered Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness and Choroid Thickness in Patients with Migraine.

Eur Neurol 2018 13;80(3-4):130-137. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Neurology, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing,

Background: Migraine is a chronic neurological disorder. However, its pathogenesis is still unclear. This study aimed to measure the posterior ocular structure in patients with migraine using enhanced depth imaging (EDI)-optical coherence tomography (OCT) and explore the probable pathogenesis of migraine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494671DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Air Embolism: An Unusual Cause of Ischemic stroke and Myoclonic Status Epilepticus.

Eur Neurol 2018 2;80(3-4):128-129. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Neurology, Hospital Beatriz Ângelo, Loures, Portugal.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494668DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Ventral Longitudinal Intraspinal Fluid Collection Presenting as Upper Limb Amyotrophy.

Eur Neurol 2018 2;80(3-4):126-127. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Institute of Neurology, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494673DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads
1.362 Impact Factor

Lower Urinary Tract Function in Familial Spastic Paraplegia.

Eur Neurol 2018 2;80(3-4):121-125. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Continence Center, Dokkyo Medical College, Tochigi, Japan.

In order to investigate lower urinary tract function in hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), we recruited 12 HSP patients: 8 men, 4 women; mean age, 64.6 years; mean disease duration, 18.9 years; walk without cane, 2, walk with cane, 6, wheelchair bound, 3. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494030DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Headache at the Time of First Symptom Manifestation of Multiple Sclerosis: A Prospective, Longitudinal Study.

Eur Neurol 2018 26;80(3-4):115-120. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Neurology, Neuroimmunological Section, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany.

Aims: Headaches have not been considered a typical symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), although since 2000, almost every study showed high prevalence. We screened 50 MS patients at the time of first occurrence of neurological symptoms and found the highest prevalence of headache in MS that was ever recorded (78%). Postmortem histological analyses of MS patients' brains revealed lymphoid follicle-like structures in the cerebral meninges and a pathophysiological link between headache, and high inflammatory activity especially in the initial phase of MS could be suspected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494092DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Medication Adherence of Statin Users after Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Eur Neurol 2018 22;80(1-2):106-114. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Outcomes Research/Real World Data Team, Corporate Affairs/Health and Value Division, Pfizer Pharmaceutical Korea Limited, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Although statins are established therapy for the secondary prevention of ischemic stroke, factors associated with adherence to statin treatment following ischemic stroke are not well known. To address this, we assessed the 6-month statin adherence using 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Of 991 patients, 65. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493530DOI Listing
January 2019
25 Reads

Very Early Neurophysiological Study in Guillain-Barre Syndrome.

Eur Neurol 2018 22;80(1-2):100-105. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an,

Purpose: The diagnosis of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) in the very early stage may be challenging. Our aim was to report the neurophysiological abnormalities in GBS within 4 days of clinical onset. We expected that GBS will be diagnosed by the assistance of neurophysiological study in the very early stage. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/494261
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494261DOI Listing
January 2019
16 Reads

The Role of Sex Hormones in Multiple Sclerosis.

Eur Neurol 2018 19;80(1-2):93-99. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Clinical Research Institute and Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas, USA.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelination disorder with an immune-mediated pathophysiology that affects the central nervous system (CNS). Like other autoimmune conditions, it has a predilection for female gender. This suggests a gender bias and a possible hormonal association. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494262DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Orthostatic Hypotension and Albuminocytologic Dissociation as Primary Manifestations of the Paraneoplastic Syndrome.

Eur Neurol 2018 19;80(1-2):78-81. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Neurology and Stroke Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is the key manifestation of autonomic dysfunction with many causes. Systemic neurological causes such as paraneoplastic syndrome are usually ignored.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical and examination data of 2 patients who were hospitalized, with onset symptom of OH and who were diagnosed as paraneoplastic syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493865DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads
1.360 Impact Factor

Using Motor Imagery Training to Increase Quadriceps Strength: A Pilot Study.

Eur Neurol 2018 19;80(1-2):87-92. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

University of Toronto, Rehabilitation Sciences Institute, Toronto, Ontario,

Background: Motor imagery training implements neural adaptation theory to improve muscle strength without physically performing muscle contractions. To date, motor imagery training research regarding the efficacy of improving torque of the quadriceps over a brief training period is limited.

Objective: To determine the impact of a 3-week motor imagery training on peak torque during knee extension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494091DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Comparison of Clinical and Laboratory Characteristics of General Paresis and Non-Neurosyphilis Dementia.

Eur Neurol 2018 19;80(1-2):82-86. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Zhongshan Hospital, Medical College of Xiamen University, Xiamen,

Background: The differential diagnosis of general paresis (GP) and non-neurosyphilis (NS) dementia is not clearly defined. The present study examined the differences in clinical and laboratory features of GP and non-NS dementia.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively examined clinical and laboratory features of 85 GP patients and 196 non-NS dementia patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493866DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: From Chronic Fatigue to More Specific Syndromes.

Eur Neurol 2018 4;80(1-2):73-77. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Medicine, Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

In the last decade, a group of chronic disorders associated with fatigue (CDAF) emerged as the leading cause of chronic fatigue, chronic pain, and functional impairment, all of which have been often labeled in clinical practice as chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or fibromyalgia. While these chronic disorders arise from various pathophysiologic mechanisms, a shared autoimmune or immune-mediated etiology could shift the focus from symptomatic treatment of fatigue and pain to targeted immunomodulatory and biological therapy. A clinical paradigm shift is necessary to reevaluate CFS and fibromyalgia diagnoses and its relationship to the CDAF entities, which would ultimately lead to a change in diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for patients with chronic fatigue and chronic pain. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/493531
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493531DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

Diagnostic Difficulties in Primary Pauci-Melanotic Leptomeningeal Melanomatosis.

Eur Neurol 2018 19;80(1-2):68-70. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Pathomorphology and Oncologic Cytology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland.

We present a rare case of primary malignant melanoma of the central nervous system. We underline the difficulties we faced during diagnostic procedures. Finally, postmortem examination revealed the diagnosis of primary pauci--melanotic leptomeningeal melanomatosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493197DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Blood Pressure Variability in Acute Ischemic Stroke: The Role of Early Recanalization.

Eur Neurol 2018 18;80(1-2):63-67. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Neurology, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

We performed a retrospective study with the aim of investigating the association between blood pressure (BP) variability in the first 24 h after ischemic stroke and functional outcome, regarding arterial recanalization status. A total of 674 patients diagnosed with acute stroke and treated with revascularization therapies were enrolled. Systolic and diastolic BP values of the first 24 h after stroke were collected and their variation quantified through standard deviation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492627DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Heart Rate Variability During Early Mobilization in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Eur Neurol 2018 11;80(1-2):50-54. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Nursing and Rehabilitation, Konan Women's University, Kobe, Japan.

Autonomic dysfunction is one of the predictors of poor outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We compared the heart rate variability (HRV) during early mobilization in patients with or without neurological deterioration (ND). We enrolled 7 acute ischemic patients with ND and 14 without ND and measured their HRV in the rest and mobilization by electrocardiography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492794DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Jargonaphasia: A Systematic Overview and Characterization in Primary Progressive Aphasia.

Eur Neurol 2018 11;80(1-2):55-62. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Neurology, Institut de la mémoire et de la maladie d'Alzheimer, Centre de Référence "Démences Rares", Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, AP-HP, Paris,

This study provides a literature-based overview of jargonaphasia in primary progressive aphasias (PPA) exploring its occurrence, phenotypes, and anatomical underpinnings, while adding 2 novel cases with prototypical jargon. We report 26 jargonaphasia cases, initially diagnosed with semantic or logopenic PPA, resulting in semantic or phonological jargon, respectively. Brain damage in literature and our cases encompassed superior temporal cortices involved in language monitoring, the temporal-parietal junction for phonological jargon and temporal poles for semantic jargon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492793DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

Medical Procedure-Related Transient Global Amnesia.

Eur Neurol 2018 11;80(1-2):42-49. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Neurology, Research Institute of Medical Science, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of

Background: Transient global amnesia (TGA) is an interesting clinical syndrome characterized by sudden memory loss for recent events and an inability to retain new memories usually lasting several hours and recovering spontaneously. We conducted a literature search of medical procedure-related TGA and its predisposing conditions.

Methods: We performed PubMed searches using the keyword "transient global amnesia" combined with "procedure," "test," "therapy," or various other individual medical procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493163DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Sexual Dysfunction Seems to Trigger Depression in Female Multiple Sclerosis Patients.

Eur Neurol 2018 31;80(1-2):34-41. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Neurology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen,

Background: In women with multiple sclerosis (MS), depression and sexual dysfunction (SD) are common. Whether SD promotes depression or vice versa remains unclear despite therapeutic relevance. Therefore, we aimed to assess whether SD more likely triggers depression or vice versa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492126DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

To Predict Visual Deterioration According to the Degree of Intracranial Hypertension in Patients with Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis.

Eur Neurol 2018 22;80(1-2):28-33. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Departments of Neurology and Ophthalmology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing,

Background: Visual damage is one of the most common complications of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST)-associated intracranial hypertension (IH). This study is aimed at stratifying the risk of IH-induced visual damage in an attempt to predict its deterioration and prevent high-risk patients from irreversible eyesight impairment promptly.

Methods: A total of 94 patients with confirmed diagnosis of CVST were eligible for enrollment in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492184DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

The Role of Demographic and Symbolic Features in Clinical Arabic Graphesthesia Testing.

Eur Neurol 2018 21;80(1-2):19-27. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Division of Neurology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: Graphesthesia is the ability to identify a symbol traced on the skin. Agraphesthesia is the impairment in this ability and is encountered in various disorders of the somatosensory pathways. We aimed to describe the demographic and symbolic features that influence correct recognition of Arabic graphesthesia stimuli in healthy Arabic individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492183DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Optic Nerve Sheath Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Mimicking Carotid Cavernous Fistula.

Eur Neurol 2018 8;80(1-2):17-18. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Department of Neurology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung,

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492062DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Józef Brudziński (1874-1917).

Eur Neurol 2018 8;80(1-2):14-16. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Józef Brudziński's (1874-1917) contribution to the field of neurology is noteworthy and undeniable. His organizational efforts and research activity have earned him the name of the "father of the Polish paediatrics". He described the Brudzinski reflex and Brudzinski neck sign. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492127DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

General Anesthesia may have Similar Outcomes with Conscious Sedation in Thrombectomy Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Real-World Registry in China.

Eur Neurol 2018 26;80(1-2):7-13. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Neurology, Jinling Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.

Background And Purpose: Clinical trials showed that anesthesia may not influence the functional outcome in stroke patients with endovascular therapy; however, data are lacking in China. Using real-world registry data, our study aims to compare the effects of general anesthesia or conscious sedation on functional outcomes in stroke patients treated with thrombectomy in China.

Methods: Consecutive patients with acute anterior circulation stroke receiving thrombectomy in 21 stroke centers between January 2014 and June 2016 were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490901DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Spectrum of Clinical, Neuroimaging, and Cerebrospinal Fluid Features of Adult Neurocutaneous Melanocytosis.

Eur Neurol 2018 13;80(1-2):1-6. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Department of Neurology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing,

Background: Neurocutaneous melanocytosis (NCM) is a poorly understood disease due to its rarity. This study aimed to summarize the characteristics of adult NCM and improve the awareness of this disease.

Methods: The clinical data of 13 adult patients with NCM were retrospectively reviewed, including neuroimages, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and histological features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000488687DOI Listing
January 2019
22 Reads

Early Predictors of Drug-Resistant Epilepsy Development after Convulsive Status Epilepticus.

Eur Neurol 2018 9;79(5-6):325-332. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Department of Neurology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.

Background: Drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) is a common and serious consequence of convulsive status epilepticus (CSE). Little is known on the early prediction of DRE development after CSE. Our aim was to identify independent DRE predictors in patients with CSE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490900DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

In Hyperacute Recanalization Therapy, Early Hospital Arrival Improves Outcome in Patients with Large Artery Occlusion.

Eur Neurol 2018 9;79(5-6):335-341. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

Background: It is unknown whether the effect of onset---to-door (OTD) time on clinical outcomes differs between -patients with and without large artery occlusion (LAO) who undergo hyperacute recanalization therapy.

Methods: Hyperacute recanalization therapy includes intravenous thrombolysis tissue-plasminogen activator (tPA), and endovascular therapy (EVT). Favorable clinical outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale of ≤2 at discharge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000490461DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads