933 results match your criteria European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology[Journal]


Chlamydia trachomatis fails to protect its growth niche against pro-apoptotic insults.

Cell Death Differ 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

INSERM U1138, Centre de Recherche des Cordeliers, 75006, Paris, France.

Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular bacterial agent responsible for ocular infections and sexually transmitted diseases. It has been postulated that Chlamydia inhibits apoptosis in host cells to maintain an intact replicative niche until sufficient infectious progeny can be generated. Here we report that, while cells infected with C. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41418-018-0224-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41418-018-0224-2DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

The European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: quality and quantity in 2013.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2013 Jan 23;32(1):1-2. Epub 2012 Dec 23.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-012-1804-6DOI Listing
January 2013
1 Read

[Scientific production in infectious diseases in Spain (1991-2001): position within the European Union].

Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin 2004 Jan;22(1):22-8

Unidad de Enfermedades Infecciosas. Servicio de Medicina Interna. Hospital General Universitario de Elche. Alicante. España.

Introduction: Medical research in our geographic area has undergone significant changes over the last three decades. The objective of this study was to quantitatively determine Spain's medical research output published in the journals included in the Infectious Diseases section of the Journal Citation Reports, and to compare it with that of other European Union (EU) countries.

Methods: The PubMed Web site (MEDLINE) was used to retrieve medical articles published by authors from Spain and other EU countries from 1991 to 2001 in 36 infectious disease journals included in the Infectious Diseases section of the Journal Citation Reports. Read More

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January 2004
2 Reads

Aerococcus bacteremia associated with granulocytopenia.

Authors:
W Kern E Vanek

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):670-3

Department of Hematology and Oncology, University of Ulm, FRG.

Two cases of bacteremic infection due to aerococci in granulocytopenic patients with acute leukemia and oral mucositis are described. Strains isolated from blood cultures of both patients were resistant to the antibiotics given orally for prophylaxis. One patient died in septic shock; surveillance cultures from oral washings in the other repeatedly showed high concentrations of aerococci. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Gas chromatographically quantitated lactate in empyema and other pleural effusions.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):731-3

Department of Serology and Bacteriology, Helsinki, Finland.

To determine the value of gas chromatographically measured lactate in distinguishing between empyema and other causes of pleural effusion, consecutively collected samples of pleural fluid were studied. In 15 cases of empyema the mean lactate concentration was 11.60 mM and higher than in 41 patients with other diagnoses (mean 3. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Ultrasensitive analysis of microbial fatty acids using gas chromatography with electron capture detection.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):729-31

Medical Microbiology, Lund University, Sweden.

Pentafluorobenzyl and pentafluoropropionyl/pentafluorobenzyl esters of bacterial fatty acids were analysed by capillary gas chromatography using both flame ionization and electron capture detection. No differences between the relative peak areas of the various fatty acids were observed as regards the two detectors used except that response of the electron capture dectector to the hydroxy acid derivatives exceeded that to the non-hydroxy acid derivatives by 20%. Use of the described derivatives in combination with electron capture detection yields chromatograms comparable with those obtained by analysis of methyl esters using flame ionization detection but with superior sensitivity. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Gas chromatographic comparison of peptone yeast glucose and gas liquid chromatography growth media for anaerobic bacteria.

Authors:
E Holst L Larsson

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):724-8

Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Lund, Sweden.

The growth media peptone yeast extract glucose broth and gas liquid chromatography broth were compared with respect to their suitability for anaerobic bacteria, using 63 strains belonging to 12 species. After incubation for 24 and 48 h the broth cultures were subjected to viable counts and gas chromatographic analysis of short-chain alcohols and fatty acids in head-space vapours and ether extracts. Head-space analysis was superior to the ether extraction method for detecting the rapidly eluting short-chain alcohols. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Role of individual serum pentitol concentrations in the diagnosis of disseminated visceral candidiasis.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):708-14

Department of Neoplastic Disease, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029.

A technique was developed for separating total serum pentitols into individual arabinitol, adonitol and xylitol and determining their relevance for the diagnosis of disseminated candidiasis. Pentitols were separated as trimethylsilyl derivatives on two 25 m long, bonded methyl silicone columns with a 0.32 mm i. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Urinary neopterin: an early marker of HIV infection.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):698-9

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December 1987
1 Read

High frequency of isolation of Campylobacter coli from poultry meat in France.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):693-5

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December 1987
1 Read

Recovery of Moraxella urethralis from clinical material.

Authors:
C Bizet A Buré

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):692-3

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December 1987
1 Read

Pharmacokinetics of aztreonam in very low birthweight neonates.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):691-2

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December 1987
1 Read

Effect of BMY-28100, a new cephalosporin, on Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):679-81

Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.

In order to examine the in vivo activity of BMY-28100, serial quantitative nasal cultures were taken from 52 nasal carriers of Staphylococcus aureus following administration of the antimicrobial. Nasal carriage rates and mean log titers decreased significantly during (days 2-4 and 5-8) and following (days 1-2 and 6-7) treatment. No change in antibiotic sensitivities was noted in follow-up isolates, and the MIC90 remained at 2mcg/ml. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Two-hour miniaturized system for detection of enteropathogenic bacteria in stool cultures.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):661-4

Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

A miniaturized 2-h system for detection of lactose-negative potentially enteropathogenic bacteria on the basis of nine enzymatic tests was evaluated. The system was challenged with 210 strains of lactose-negative and lactose-positive species grown on MacConkey agar. Specific and constant patterns were found for Salmonella, Shigella A-C, Yersinia enterocolitica, Aeromonas spp. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Candida albicans endocarditis possibly related to systemic candidiasis in a heroin addict.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):657-8

Infectious Disease Unit, Hospital Clinic i Provincial, Barcelona, Spain.

A case of Candida albicans endocarditis is described which developed in a heroin addict with aortic valvulopathy after an episode of cutaneous and chondrocostal candidiasis related to the use of "brown" heroin. To our knowledge this is the first case reported in the English literature. This complication should be suspected in all heroin addicts with this new syndrome, especially if valvulopathy is present. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Serogroups and biotypes of human strains of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolated in France.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):641-5

Laboratoire de Bactériologie, Hôpital des Enfants, Bordeaux, France.

The Lior schemes were used for biotyping and serogrouping campylobacter strains isolated during a three year period in Bordeaux, France. Of the 226 strains tested, 176 were Campylobacter jejuni and 50 Campylobacter coli. Campylobacter jejuni biotype I was the most prevalent (48. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Selection and counting of aerobic gram-negative bacilli in saliva by the spiral system.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):634-6

Department of Microbiology, Brugmann University Hospital, Brussels, Belgium.

A four-month pilot study involving 100 volunteers, 100 hospitalised patients not on antibiotics and 100 patients on antibiotics was performed using a non labor-intensive system involving inoculator, laser colony counter and 14-cm petri dishes containing MacConkey medium to determine the number of aerobic gram-negative bacilli present in saliva. All colonies greater than or equal to 0.75 mm in diameter were found to be aerobic gram-negative bacteria. Read More

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December 1987
2 Reads

Epidemiology and prevention of Clostridium difficile infections in a leukemia unit.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):623-7

Microbiology Department, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

A 29-month prospective study was carried out in a leukemia unit with the aim of investigating the epidemiology of Clostridium difficile infections and limiting their spread. Systematic cultures of stools and assays for cytotoxin were performed on patient admission and at weekly intervals, yielding 1,355 cultures and assays. The study period was divided in period A, before total unit renovation, and period B, afterwards. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Carbohydrate profiling of bacteria by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry: chemical derivatization and analytical pyrolysis.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):715-23

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208.

Carbohydrate profiling by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry is a powerful tool for the identification and detection of bacteria. Its increasing applicability in the microbiology laboratory is illustrated by three examples. In the first, differentiation of legionellae by their sugar composition was determined with alditol acetate derivatization followed by selected- ion monitoring. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Analysis of dimycocerosates of glycosylphenolphthiocerols in the identification of some clinically significant mycobacteria.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):703-7

Department of Organic Chemistry, University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Extracts of representative mycobacteria were examined by thin-layer chromatography for glycosylphenolphthiocerol dimycocerosates. The glycolipid typical of Mycobacterium bovis was also found in Mycobacterium africanum and Mycobacterium microti, but it was absent in Mycobacterium bovis AN 5. Mycobacterium gastri strains contained a glycolipid which was chromatographically similar to that in Mycobacterium kansasii. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Transient fungemia and Candida arthritis due to Candida zeylanoides.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):668-9

Infectious Diseases Unit, Hospital Clinico Provincial, Barcelona, Spain.

A 37 year old man developed transient fungemia caused by Candida zeylanoides following a kidney and pancreas transplant. For the next seven months the patient had signs and symptoms of right knee arthritis. Candida zeylanoides was finally identified as the aetiological agent. Read More

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December 1987
5 Reads

Enzyme immunoassay and enzyme-linked fluoroimmunoassay for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis antigen.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):659-61

National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

An enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and an enzyme-linked fluoroimmunoassay (ELFIA) utilizing monoclonal antibody to major outer membrane protein of Chlamydia trachomatis L2 were developed for rapid detection of chlamydial antigen in clinical samples. The EIA and ELFIA could detect levels of purified chlamydial outer membrane protein as low as 1.0 and 0. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Adverse reactions and immunogenicity in adults to regular and increased dosage of diphtheria vaccine.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):637-40

Department of Infectious Diseases, Ostra sjukhuset, Göteborg, Sweden.

Booster doses of 3 Lf or 7.5 Lf of a regular diphtheria vaccine were given to 200 previously immunized adult volunteers. The toxoid was prepared from toxin with a purity of 2100 Lf/mg protein nitrogen and adsorbed to aluminium phosphate. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Predictive value of surveillance cultures for systemic infection due to Candida species.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):628-33

Department of Pathology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City 52242.

Weekly fungal surveillance cultures (1,542 cultures) of urine (475), stool (520) and oropharyngeal (547) specimens from 111 patients on the bone marrow transplant and hematologic malignancy services were analyzed. Forty-three percent of the patients were colonized by Candida albicans and 10.8% by Candida tropicalis. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Efficacy of oral fluoroquinolones versus conventional intravenous antipseudomonal chemotherapy in treatment of cystic fibrosis.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):618-22

Department of Pediatrics, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The clinical efficacy of the conventional aminoglycoside plus beta-lactam treatment was compared to that of monotherapy with oral quinolones in 26 adult cystic fibrosis patients in an open prospective clinical trial in which six two-week courses of antipseudomonas treatment were administered with an interval of approximately three months between treatments. In each patient two courses of conventional treatment were followed by two courses of quinolone treatment and then by another two courses of conventional treatment. The observed improvements in pulmonary function were somewhat higher when the patients received conventional treatments, and in the most seriously affected patients conventional treatment was significantly better than quinolone treatment. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Pneumonia--1987: new developments.

Authors:
F M LaForce

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):613-7

Veterans Administration Medical Center, Denver, Colorado.

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December 1987
2 Reads

Comparative in vitro activity of cefetamet and fleroxacin against anaerobic bacteria.

Authors:
J Wüst U Hardegger

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):688-90

Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

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December 1987
1 Read

Activity of new antimicrobial agents against Listeria monocytogenes.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):686-8

Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Texas, M. D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute, Houston, 77030.

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December 1987
1 Read

Interaction of the novel penem CGP 31 608 and its enantiomer with type Id beta-lactamase and penicillin-binding proteins.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):674-8

Department of Bacteriology, Giba-Geigy Limited, Basel, Switzerland.

The novel penem CGP 31,608 (5R, 6S, 8R) and its enantiomer CGP 32,879 (5S, 6R, 8S) were shown to be essentially stable against hydrolysis by type Id beta-lactamase isolated from Pseudomonas aeruginosa 18S/H. CGP 31 608 was a potent progressive inhibitor of this enzyme (150 = 32 microM), which was only weakly inhibited by CGP 32,879 (150 = 460 microM). CGP 31,608 had the highest affinity for penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 4 from Escherichia coli K-12 (150 = 1 microgram/ml), followed by PBPs 2 (10 micrograms/ml) and 1A/1Bs (100 micrograms/ml); CGP 32,879 did not inhibit binding of 14C-benzylpenicillin to the PBPs. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Sensitivity of mitomycin-C treated McCoy cells for isolation of Chlamydia trachomatis from genital specimens.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):653-6

Section of Virology, Institute of Ophthalmology, London, UK.

A new cell culture method was developed for the diagnostic isolation of Chlamydia trachomatis using McCoy cells pretreated with mitomycin-C. This drug acts on the cell by producing cross links between strands of DNA and results in the production of large, flat cells, which are similar to irradiated cells, and large chlamydial inclusions. In tests using a laboratory isolate of Chlamydia trachomatis, there were significantly more inclusions produced in mitomycin-treated monolayers than in cycloheximide-treated monolayers. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

LY146032 treatment of Clostridium difficile colitis in hamsters.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):686

National Bacteriological Laboratory, Stockholm, Sweden.

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December 1987
1 Read

Comparative in vitro activity of the new peptolide antibiotic LY146032 against staphylococci.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):685

Institute of Hygiene, University of Cologne, FRG.

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December 1987
3 Reads

Comparative activity of LY146032 against anaerobic cocci.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):682-4

Department of Microbiology, University Hospital, Queen's Medical Center, Nottingham, UK.

Fifty strains of anaerobic gram-positive cocci were tested in vitro against benzylpenicillin, teicoplanin, vancomycin and LY146032. The organisms displayed a wide range of susceptibility to penicillin and the minimum inhibitory concentration for 11 of the strains was greater than or equal to 1 mg penicillin/L. The activity of teicoplanin exceeded that of vancomycin by a factor of two. Read More

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December 1987
2 Reads

Evaluation of three methods for typing herpes simplex virus.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):664-7

Centro Nacional de Farmacobiología, Carretera de Majadahonda a Pozuelo, Madrid, Spain.

Three methods of typing herpes simplex virus were compared. A total of 111 clinical isolates obtained from patients not treated with antivirals and seven resistant mutants selected in vitro were tested by immunofluorescence assay using antibodies against herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2. Twenty-nine isolates were also studied by restriction endonuclease analysis. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Modulation of human neutrophil and monocyte oxidative burst by Legionella pneumophila sonic extract.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Dec;6(6):646-52

Statens Seruminstitut, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The effect of Legionella pneumophila sonic extract on human neutrophil and monocyte oxidative burst was studied by superoxide anion release and luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence assays. Legionella pneumophila sonic extract by itself did not stimulate neutrophils and monocytes. The sonic extract at 8-2000 micrograms/ml primed neutrophils for enhanced superoxide release and, at 8-62. Read More

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December 1987
1 Read

Beta-lactamase hydrolysis and inhibition studies of the new 1-carbacephem LY163892.

Authors:
R N Jones A L Barry

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):570-1

Clinical Microbiology Institute, Tualatin, Oregon.

A novel 1-carbacephem, LY163892, was determined to be more stable to plasmid-mediated beta-lactamases than cefaclor. Chromosomal-mediated Type Ia and IVc enzymes destroyed LY163892 at rates ranging from 16 to 93% that of nitrocefin. LY163892 showed minimal ability to inhibit beta-lactamases other than Type Ia (P99). Read More

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October 1987
1 Read

In vitro activity and beta-lactamase stability of the oral cephalosporin BMY-28100.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):559-63

Episome Institute, Gunma, Japan.

BMY-28100 was compared with cephalexin, cefaclor, cefixime, and cefteram and found to be more active than the reference cephalosporins against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus faecalis, and Clostridium difficile. BMY-28100 was the next most active, after cefteram, against Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Against gram-negative bacteria, BMY-28100 showed similar activity to that of cefaclor. Read More

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October 1987
1 Read

Bacterial vaginosis: microbiological and clinical findings.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):536-41

Institute of Clinical Bacteriology, University of Uppsala, Sweden.

A prospective study was performed involving 101 women who consecutively attended a primary health care unit for complaints of genital malodour and/or abnormal vaginal discharge. Bacterial vaginosis was diagnosed in 34 women on the basis of four diagnostic criteria: vaginal pH greater than 4.7, homogeneous vaginal discharge, a positive amine test and clue cells. Read More

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October 1987
1 Read

Pharmacokinetics and tissue penetration of orally administered pefloxacin.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):521-4

Department of Medical Microbiology, Dudley Road Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

The pharmacokinetics of the quinolone pefloxacin were determined following a 400 mg oral dose given to each of six male volunteers. Concentrations were determined in serum and urine by high-performance liquid chromatography, and in cantharidin-induced inflammatory fluid by a microbiological assay. The mean peak serum level of 6. Read More

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October 1987
1 Read

Visceral leishmaniasis in a patient seropositive for HIV.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):604-6

Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Virología e Inmunología Sanitarias, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.

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October 1987
1 Read

Emergence of urea-splitting multi-resistant coryneform bacteria (Corynebacterium group D2) as pathogens.

Authors:
F Soriano

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):601-2

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October 1987
1 Read

Edwardsiella tarda bacteremia.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):599-600

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October 1987
1 Read

Efficacy of ciprofloxacin in treatment of CAPD peritonitis.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):599

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October 1987
1 Read

Comparison of seven coagulase tests for identification of Staphylococcus aureus.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):589-91

Department of Medical Microbiology, University Hospital of Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Four coagglutination tests for the identification of Staphylococcus aureus were compared with the ordinary slide and tube coagulation tests using two groups of staphylococcal strains (one isolated in the authors' laboratory and the other identified by a reference laboratory). The correct identification rate in the two groups was respectively for slide test 96.9% and 92. Read More

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October 1987
1 Read

In vitro activity of ciprofloxacin against methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant staphylococci.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):581-4

Department of Antibiotics, Statens Seruminstitut, Copenhagen S, Denmark.

Ciprofloxacin was found to be active against selected strains of methicillin-resistant as well as methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, having minimal inhibitory concentrations less than 0.8 micrograms/ml with inocula of approximately 10(4) CFU/ml. When killing kinetic studies were done with inocula of approximately 10(6) CFU/ml and various ciprofloxacin concentrations, the killing effect was low (less than 3 log10 in 6 h) and regrowth of the culture was seen after 24 h in at least one Staphylococcus aureus strain. Read More

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October 1987
1 Read

Capnocytophaga bacteremia complicating premature delivery by cesarean section.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):580-1

Statens Seruminstitut, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Rigshospitalet, Denmark.

A case of endomyometritis associated with Capnocytophaga ochracea bacteremia following premature delivery is described. The patient, a 30 year old woman without immunological incompetence or other predisposing disease, responded to peroral pivmecillinam. Capnocytophaga spp. Read More

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October 1987
4 Reads

Bacteria in bile of patients with bile duct inflammation.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):575-8

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Medical Academy, Kraków, Poland.

Bile samples taken intraoperatively from 100 patients with three different bile system diseases were subjected to bacteriological analysis. Statistically significant differences between the types of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria present in the bile were found. Read More

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October 1987
1 Read

Enterococcal urinary tract infections in a teaching hospital.

Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987 Oct;6(5):574-5

Department of Medical Microbiology, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

A six year retrospective survey of enterococcal urinary tract infections in hospital inpatients is reported. During the study period there was an increase in the proportion of significant cultures that yielded enterococci. These organisms were more frequently isolated from catheter specimens than midstream specimens of urine and from surgical than from medical wards. Read More

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October 1987
1 Read