3,519 results match your criteria European Journal of Nutrition [Journal]


Modeled industry-wide food and beverage reformulations reduce the gap between current and nutritionally adequate dietary intakes among French adults.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Purpose: The objective was to assess the capacity of food reformulations to reduce the required dietary changes to reach overall nutritional adequacy in the French adult population.

Methods: Reformulation standards, defined using the Nestlé Nutritional Profiling System (NNPS), were applied to the French food composition database (CIQUAL-2013), classifying foods into "PASS" or "FAIL". Baseline nutritional intakes were estimated for 1838 adults of the INCA2 French national survey according to three scenarios based on: (1) the original food composition database (CURRENT), (2) a "reformulated" database in which the nutrient composition of FAIL products was adjusted to the NNPS standards (REFORMULATION), and (3) a "substituted" database in FAIL products were replaced by the most nutritionally similar PASS products from the same NNPS-category (SUBSTITUTION). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01973-yDOI Listing

Effects of a multicomponent exercise program combined with calcium-vitamin D-enriched milk on health-related quality of life and depressive symptoms in older men: secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia.

Purpose: Osteoporosis is associated with both lower health-related quality of life and depression in older people. We examined the independent and combined effects of a multi-component exercise program and calcium-vitamin D fortified milk on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and depression in older men.

Methods: In this 12-month, factorial design randomized controlled trial, 180 healthy community-dwelling men aged 50-79 years with normal to below average bone mineral density were allocated into one of four groups: exercise + fortified milk; exercise; fortified milk; or controls. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00394-019-01969-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01969-8DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Correction to: Overweight and diabetes prevention: is a low-carbohydrate-high-fat diet recommendable?

Authors:
Fred Brouns

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Human biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, NUTRIM‑School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University, Post Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

In the original publication, the disclosure of potential conflicts of interest statement was not correct. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01959-wDOI Listing

Maternal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass impairs insulin action and endocrine pancreatic function in male F1 offspring.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Laboratório de Fisiologia Endócrina e Metabolismo (LAFEM), Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (UNIOESTE), Cascavel, PR, 858119-110, Brazil.

Purpose: Obesity is predominant in women of reproductive age. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most common bariatric procedure that is performed in obese women for weight loss and metabolic improvement. However, some studies suggest that this procedure negatively affects offspring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01968-9DOI Listing

Associations between long-term adherence to healthy diet and recurrent depressive symptoms in Whitehall II Study.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Inserm, U1198, University of Montpellier, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, PSL Research University, Montpellier, 34095, France.

Purpose: We examined whether long-term adherence to three diet quality scores-the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010), Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and  transformed-Mediterranean Diet Score (tMDS), Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) and Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) is associated with the risk of recurrent depressive symptoms.

Methods: Analyses were conducted on a sample of 4949 men and women from the Whitehall II study. Diet scores were calculated using data collected from food frequency questionnaires repeated over 11 years of exposure (1991/1993-2002/2004). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01964-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Age and time trends in sugar intake among children and adolescents: results from the DONALD study.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Institute of Nutritional and Food Sciences-Nutritional Epidemiology, University of Bonn, DONALD Study, Heinstück 11, 44225, Dortmund, Germany.

Purpose: To describe age and time trends in added sugar, free sugar and total sugar intake among German 3-18-year-olds.

Methods: Overall, 10,761 3-day dietary records kept between 1985 and 2016 by 1312 DONALD participants (660 boys, 652 girls) were analysed (%E) using polynomial mixed-effects regression models.

Results: TS intake decreased with age (♂: linear, quadratic and cubic trend all p < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01965-yDOI Listing

Effects of low doses of fish and milk proteins on glucose regulation and markers of insulin sensitivity in overweight adults: a randomised, double blind study.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Dietary Protein Research Group, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, 5020, Bergen, Norway.

Purpose: To examine whether supplementation with low doses of fish or milk proteins would affect glucose regulation and circulating lipid concentrations in overweight healthy adults.

Methods: Ninety-three overweight adults were assigned to receive 2.5 g protein/day from herring (HER), salmon (SAL), cod (COD) or milk (CAS, a casein-whey mixture as positive control) as tablets for 8 weeks. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00394-019-01963-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01963-0DOI Listing
April 2019
9 Reads

Diet quality index for Brazilian adolescents: the ERICA study.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Graduate Program in Human Nutrition, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Brazil.

Purpose: This study aimed to assess the dietary patterns of adolescents using a food-based diet quality index and their compliance with a healthy dietary guideline METHODS: Participants included 71,553 Brazilian adolescents (12-17 years old) from the Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (ERICA), a cross-sectional school-based multicenter study.. Dietary intake was measured by one 24-h recall. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00394-019-01923-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01923-8DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Post-cancer diagnosis dietary inflammatory potential is associated with survival among women diagnosed with colorectal cancer in the Women's Health Initiative.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 6. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene Street, Discovery I Building, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA.

Purpose: Dietary factors may influence colorectal cancer (CRC) survival through effects on inflammation. We examined the association between post-CRC diagnosis inflammatory potential of diet and all-cause and cancer-specific mortality in the Women's Health Initiative.

Methods: The study included 463 postmenopausal women who developed CRC during follow-up and completed a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), on average 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01956-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Urinary equol, but not daidzein and genistein, was inversely associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes in Chinese adults.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Many studies have examined the association of isoflavone intake with type 2 diabetes (T2D), and produced inconsistent results. Few studies, however, explored the association using objective biomarkers (particular for daidzein metabolite-equol) of isoflavones. We aimed to explore the association of urinary equol, daidzein and genistein concentrations with T2D and examine the mediating roles of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01939-0DOI Listing

Dietary sources of free sugars in the diet of European children: the IDEFICS Study.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, University of Zaragoza, C/Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009, Saragossa, Spain.

Objective: To report dietary free sugars consumption and their different types and food sources in European children.

Methods: The present study is based on the IDEFICS study, a European multicenter cohort study in children (2-9 years old) from eight countries, comprising 8308 children (51.4% males). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01957-yDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The MC4R genetic variants are associated with lower visceral fat accumulation and higher postprandial relative increase in carbohydrate utilization in humans.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, M.C. Sklodowskiej-Curie 24A, 15-276, Bialystok, Poland.

Purpose: The interactions between lifestyle and genetic factors play an important role in obesity development. Mutations in melanocortin-4-receptor (MC4R) gene are one of the most common cause of monogenic obesity, however, the functional effects of polymorphic variants near MC4R gene in general populations remain uncertain. The aim of our study was to analyze whether the common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of MC4R gene influence the food preferences, physical activity, body fat content and distribution, as well as fasting and postprandial energy expenditure and substrates utilization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01955-0DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Examining the links between hydration knowledge, attitudes and behavior.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, USA.

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the psychological factors (knowledge, barriers and facilitators) that can contribute to hydration-related behaviors (i.e., fluid intake) in the general population and how these relate to physical health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01958-xDOI Listing

Association of food groups with depression and anxiety disorders.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet has been associated with fewer depressive symptoms, however, it is unknown whether this is attributed to some or to all components. We examined the association between the individual food groups of the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), in isolation and in combination, with depression and anxiety (symptom severity and diagnosis).

Methods: Data from 1634 adults were available from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00394-019-01943-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01943-4DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Nutritional and health attributes of milk and milk imitations.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Universität Potsdam, Institut für Ernährungswissenschaft, Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany.

Purpose: Modern food technology allows designing products aiming to simulate and replace traditional food. In affluent societies there is a rising tendency to consume foods derived from plants including milk imitations or plant drinks based on cereals, nuts, legumes, oil seeds or other plant families. Herein we review production and composition of such drinks, summarize consumers' motivations to change from milk to plant drinks and highlight nutritional and health implications of consuming plant drinks instead of milk, in particular if non-fortified and if consumed by infants, children, adolescents and the elderly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01936-3DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Erythrocyte membrane n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are inversely associated with the presence and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Chinese adults: a prospective study.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, China.

Purpose: Previous studies have shown that high-dose supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may benefit patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but the association of n-3 PUFAs with NAFLD among individuals with normal diets is only speculative. We investigated the cross-sectional and prospective associations between n-3 PUFAs and NAFLD in Chinese adults.

Methods: This community-based prospective study included 3049 men and women (40-75 years) in Guangzhou, China, whose participants completed an NAFLD ultrasound evaluation and erythrocyte PUFA tests. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00394-019-01953-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01953-2DOI Listing
April 2019
6 Reads

Consumption of modern and traditional Moroccan dairy products and colorectal cancer risk: a large case control study.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and pharmacy of Fez, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Km 2. 200 Sidi Harazem Road, 1893, Fès, Morocco.

Purpose: The main objective of this study is to describe the association between the consumption of either traditional or modern dairy products or calcium intakes and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the adult Moroccan population.

Methods: A case-control study was conducted in five Moroccan hospital centers. The study was matched on sex, age (± 5 years) and center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01954-1DOI Listing

Iodine-fortified toddler milk improves dietary iodine intakes and iodine status in toddlers: a randomised controlled trial.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of consuming iodine-fortified toddler milk for improving dietary iodine intakes and biochemical iodine status in toddlers.

Methods: In a 20-week parallel randomised controlled trial, healthy 12-20-month-old children were assigned to: Fortified Milk [n = 45; iodine-fortified (21.1 µg iodine/100 g prepared drink) cow's milk], or Non-Fortified Milk (n = 90; non-fortified cow's milk). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01950-5DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Diets containing the highest levels of dairy products are associated with greater eutrophication potential but higher nutrient intakes and lower financial cost in the United Kingdom.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition, University of Reading, Reading, UK.

Purpose: Previously, the nutritional contribution, environmental and financial costs of dairy products have been examined independently. Our aim was to determine the nutritional adequacy, financial cost and environmental impact of UK diets according to dairy content.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study of adults (19-64 years) from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey years 1-4 (n = 1655), dietary intakes assessed from 4-day estimated food diaries were organized into quartiles (Q) total grams of dairy (milk, cheese, yogurt, dairy desserts) and analyzed using ANCOVA controlling for age, sex and energy intake with Bonferroni post hoc test for nutritional adequacy, Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010), environmental impact [greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE), eutrophication and acidification potentials], financial cost, markers of health and cardio-metabolic diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01949-yDOI Listing

A flavonoid-rich extract from bergamot juice prevents carcinogenesis in a genetic model of colorectal cancer, the Pirc rat (F344/NTac-Apc).

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Section of Pharmacology and Toxicology, NEUROFARBA Department, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Purpose: To determine the potential of a flavonoid-rich extract from bergamot juice (BJe) to prevent colorectal carcinogenesis (CRC) in vivo.

Main Methods: Pirc rats (F344/NTac-Apc), mutated in Apc, the key gene in CRC, were treated with two different doses of BJe (35 mg/kg or 70 mg/kg body weight, respectively) mixed in the diet for 12 weeks. Then, the entire intestine was surgically removed and dissected for histological, immunohistochemical and molecular analyses. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00394-019-01948-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01948-zDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Consumption of fried foods and risk of atrial fibrillation in the Physicians' Health Study.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Divisions of Aging, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequently encountered cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice. While fried food consumption is common in United States, little is known about the association between fried food consumption and incident AF.

Methods: We prospectively examined the association of fried food consumption with incident AF in 18,941 US male physicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01952-3DOI Listing

Polyphenol intake and metabolic syndrome risk in European adolescents: the HELENA study.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, C.Heymanslaan 10-4K3, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Purpose: The role of polyphenol intake during adolescence to prevent metabolic syndrome (MetS) is little explored. This study aimed to evaluate the association between intake of total polyphenols, polyphenol classes and the 10 most consumed individual polyphenols with MetS risk in European adolescents.

Methods: Of the cross-sectional HELENA study, 657 adolescents (54% girls; 14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01946-1DOI Listing

Inflammatory potential of diet and risk of lymphoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red: Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain.

Introduction: Chronic inflammation plays a critical role in lymphomagenesis and several dietary factors seem to be involved its regulation. The aim of the current study was to assess the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet and the risk of lymphoma and its subtypes in the European Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study.

Methods: The analysis included 476,160 subjects with an average follow-up of 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01947-0DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Moderate consumption of fermented alcoholic beverages diminishes diet-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease through mechanisms involving hepatic adiponectin signaling in mice.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Molecular Nutritional Science, University of Vienna, Althanstraße 14 (UZA II), 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: Results of some epidemiological studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption may be associated with a decreased risk to develop NAFLD. Here, the effect of the consumption of moderate beer and diluted ethanol, respectively, on the development of NAFLD were assessed.

Methods: Female C57BL/6J mice were fed a control diet (C-D) or a diet rich in fructose, fat and cholesterol (FFC) enriched isocalorically and isoalcoholically with beer (FFC + B) or plain ethanol (FFC + E) (2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01945-2DOI Listing

Betaine-rich sugar beet molasses protects from homocysteine-induced reduction of survival in Caenorhabditis elegans.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Molecular Nutrition Research, Interdisciplinary Research Centre, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, 35392, Giessen, Germany.

Purpose: Homocysteine (Hcy) in humans represents a blood-borne biomarker which predicts the risk of age-related diseases and mortality. Using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, we tested whether feeding betaine-rich sugar beet molasses affects the survival under heat stress in the presence of Hcy, in spite of a gene loss in betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase.

Methods: Knockdown of the genes relevant for remethylation or transsulfuration of Hcy was achieved by RNA interference (RNAi). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01944-3DOI Listing

Consumption of a soy drink has no effect on cognitive function but may alleviate vasomotor symptoms in post-menopausal women; a randomised trial.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health, Ulster University, Coleraine, BT52 1SA, Northern Ireland, UK.

Purpose: Cognitive decline is commonly reported during the menopausal transition, with memory and attention being particularly affected. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a commercially available soy drink on cognitive function and menopausal symptoms in post-menopausal women.

Methods: 101 post-menopausal women, aged 44-63 years, were randomly assigned to consume a volume of soy drink providing a low (10 mg/day; control group), medium (35 mg/day), or high (60 mg/day) dose of isoflavones for 12 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01942-5DOI Listing

Beneficial effects of ginger on prevention of obesity through modulation of gut microbiota in mice.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, National Engineering Research Center for Fruit and Vegetable Processing, Key Laboratory of Fruit and Vegetable Processing, Ministry of Agriculture, Engineering Research Centre for Fruit and Vegetable Processing, Ministry of Education, China Agricultural University, No. 17, Qinghua East Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100083, China.

Purpose: Recent evidence has demonstrated that the gut microbiota plays a critical role in the treatment of obesity and other metabolic dysfunctions. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), one of the most commonly used spices and dietary supplements, has been shown to exert beneficial effects against obesity and related disorders. However, to date, the mechanisms linking these effects to the gut microbiota remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01938-1DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Combined choline and DHA supplementation: a randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Neonatology, University Hospital, Calwerstr. 7, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Objective: Choline and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are essential nutrients for preterm infant development. They are metabolically linked via phosphatidylcholine (PC), a constitutive plasma membrane lipid and the major transport form of DHA in plasma. Plasma choline and DHA-PC concentrations rapidly decline after preterm birth. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00394-019-01940-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01940-7DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

The effect of probiotics on inflammatory biomarkers: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P. O. Box 14155-6117, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: No study has summarized earlier findings on the effect of probiotic supplementation on inflammatory biomarkers. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to systematically review the available placebo-controlled clinical trials about the effect of probiotic supplementation on several inflammatory biomarkers in adults.

Methods: Relevant papers published up to March 2018 were searched up through PubMed, MEDLINE, SCOPUS, EMBASE, and Google Scholar, using following suitable keywords. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01931-8DOI Listing

Patterns and sociodemographic determinants of water intake by children in China: results from the first national population-based survey.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, 100083, China.

Purpose: Accurate data on water and beverage intakes are essential for assessing hydration adequacy and setting proper guidelines. The objective of this study is to identify the patterns and sociodemographic determinants of water intake and to assess the intake adequacy for children in China.

Methods: The study team recruited 41,439 children aged 6-17 years using a multi-stage cluster random sampling method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01921-wDOI Listing
March 2019
3.467 Impact Factor

Vitamin D-fortified foods improve wintertime vitamin D status in women of Danish and Pakistani origin living in Denmark: a randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Division of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.

Purpose: Low vitamin D status is prevalent worldwide. We aim to investigate the effect of vitamin D fortification on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration in women of Danish and Pakistani origin at risk of vitamin D deficiency.

Methods: A 12-week randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled intervention trial during winter time, designed to provide 20 µg vitamin D/day through fortified yoghurt, cheese, eggs and crisp bread, and assess the change in serum 25(OH)D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01941-6DOI Listing

Effectiveness of increased salt iodine concentration on iodine status: trend analysis of cross-sectional national studies in Switzerland.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Human Nutrition Laboratory, Institute of Food Nutrition and Health, ETH Zurich, LFV D16.2, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland.

Purpose: Despite longstanding voluntary salt iodisation in Switzerland, data suggest inadequate iodine intake in vulnerable population groups. In response, the salt iodine concentration was increased from 20 to 25 mg/kg and we assessed the impact on iodine status.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional national study in school-age children (n = 731), women of reproductive age (n = 353) and pregnant women (n = 363). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01927-4DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Food intake of folate, folic acid and other B vitamins with lung cancer risk in a low-income population in the Southeastern United States.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center and Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1161 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.

Purpose: We prospectively examined associations of lung cancer risk with food intake of B vitamins involved in one-carbon metabolism and the use of folic acid-containing supplements among a low-income population of black and white adults in the Southeastern US.

Methods: Within the Southern Community Cohort Study, we included 1064 incident lung cancer cases among 68,236 participants aged 40-79 years at study enrollment. Food intake and the use of folic acid-containing supplements were assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire at study enrollment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01934-5DOI Listing

Association of free sugar intake with blood pressure and obesity measures in Australian adults.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

School of Life and Environmental Sciences and Charles Perkins Centre, Faculty of Science, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.

Purpose: This study examined the association of free sugar (FS) intake with obesity measures and blood pressure (BP) among a nationally representative sample of Australian adults.

Methods: Data from adults (weighted n = 5136) who completed 2 × 24-h recalls and had complete data for BP, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and body mass index (BMI) were analyzed. Associations between percentage energy of FS from all food sources (%EFS), beverages only (%EFS), and non-beverages sources only (%EFS) and obesity measures and BP were examined using linear and non-linear regressions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01932-7DOI Listing

The novel insight into anti-inflammatory and anxiolytic effects of psychobiotics in diabetic rats: possible link between gut microbiota and brain regions.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 2. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Purpose: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) was associated with gut microbial impairment (dysbiosis) and neurological and behavioral disorders. The role of the gut-brain axis in the management of many diseases including T2DM has been the focus of much research activity in the recent years. However, a wide knowledge gap exists about the gut microbial effects on the function of glia cells. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00394-019-01924-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01924-7DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Fluid balance and hydration status in combat sport Olympic athletes: a systematic review with meta-analysis of controlled and uncontrolled studies.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Mar 1;58(2):497-514. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia.

Purpose: Athletes in Olympic combat sports experience body water fluctuations resulting from training and intentional dehydration when making weight. Despite the popularity of urine specific gravity (U) and urine osmolality (U) measurement in characterizing fluid fluctuations, their utility remains questioned. This systematic review/meta-analysis examined the utility of urinary hydration indices in laboratory and field settings in Olympic combat sport athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01937-2DOI Listing

Identification of potential human urinary biomarkers for tomato juice intake by mass spectrometry-based metabolomics.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Institute of Food Chemistry, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 45, 48149, Münster, Germany.

Purpose: Dietary biomarkers allow the accurate and objective determination of the dietary intake of humans and can thus be valuable for investigating the relation between consumption of foods and biochemical as well as physiological responses. The objective of this study was the identification of potential urinary biomarkers for consumption of tomato juice.

Methods: In the course of a dietary intervention study, the human urine metabolome of a study cohort was compared between a tomato-free diet and after intake of tomato juice by application of an LC-HRMS-based metabolomics approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01935-4DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Nutrients or nursing? Understanding how breast milk feeding affects child cognition.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences (SICS), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore, 117609, Singapore.

Purpose: To explore the associations between type of milk feeding (the "nutrients") and mode of breast milk feeding (the "nursing") with child cognition.

Methods: Healthy children from the GUSTO (Growing Up in Singapore Toward healthy Outcomes) cohort participated in repeated neurodevelopmental assessments between 6 and 54 months. For "nutrients", we compared children exclusively bottle-fed according to type of milk received: formula only (n = 296) vs some/all breast milk (n = 73). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01929-2DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Creatine supplementation in Walker-256 tumor-bearing rats prevents skeletal muscle atrophy by attenuating systemic inflammation and protein degradation signaling.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, State University of Londrina, Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid, Pr 445 Km 380, Campus Universitário, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of creatine supplementation on muscle wasting in Walker-256 tumor-bearing rats.

Methods: Wistar rats were randomly assigned into three groups (n = 10/group): control (C), tumor bearing (T), and tumor bearing supplemented with creatine (TCr). Creatine was provided in drinking water for a total of 21 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01933-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Chocolate and risk of chronic disease: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany.

Purpose: Evidence for the association between chocolate intake and risk of chronic diseases is inconclusive. Therefore, we aimed to synthesize and evaluate the credibility of evidence on the dose-response association between chocolate consumption with risk of all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, heart failure (HF), type 2 diabetes (T2D), colorectal cancer (CRC), and hypertension.

Methods: Prospective studies were searched until July 2018 in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01914-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Development and relative validation of a short food frequency questionnaire for assessing dietary intakes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease patients.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, Surrey, UK.

Purpose: This work aimed to design and validate a novel short food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) to assess habitual intakes of food items related to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a cohort of European patients.

Methods: A 48-item SFFQ was created, with questions from existing FFQs and expert knowledge, emphasizing foods and nutrients implicated in NAFLD pathogenesis. Consenting, fibroscan-diagnosed, NAFLD patients completed the SFFQ during a short interview and were asked to complete a 4-day diet diary (4DDD) at home for return by mail. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01926-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of a polysaccharide-rich extract derived from Irish-sourced Laminaria digitata on the composition and metabolic activity of the human gut microbiota using an in vitro colonic model.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 25. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health (NICHE), Ulster University, Coleraine, BT52 1SA, UK.

Background: Brown seaweeds are known to be a rich source of fiber with the presence of several non-digestible polysaccharides including laminarin, fucoidan and alginate. These individual polysaccharides have previously been shown to favorably alter the gut microbiota composition and activity albeit the effect of the collective brown seaweed fiber component on the microbiota remains to be determined.

Methods: This study investigated the effect of a crude polysaccharide-rich extract obtained from Laminaria digitata (CE) and a depolymerized CE extract (DE) on the gut microbiota composition and metabolism using an in vitro fecal batch culture model though metagenomic compositional analysis using 16S rRNA FLX amplicon pyrosequencing and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) analysis using GC-FID. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01909-6DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Effects of phytosomal curcumin on anthropometric parameters, insulin resistance, cortisolemia and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease indices: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Medical and Surgical Sciences Department, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Via Albertoni, 15, 40138, Bologna, Italy.

Purpose: Curcumin has shown to exert a positive impact on human glucose metabolism, even if its bioavailability is usually very low. The present study aimed to explore the effect of phosphatidylserine- and piperine-containing curcumin phytosomes on a large number of metabolic parameters related to insulin resistance, in the context of a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial involving 80 overweight subjects with suboptimal fasting plasma glucose.

Methods: Subjects were randomized to be treated with indistinguishable tablets (2 per day, to be taken after dinner) containing 800 mg phytosomal curcumin (Curserin®: 200 mg curcumin, 120 mg phosphatidylserine, 480 mg phosphatidylcholine and 8 mg piperine from Piper nigrum L. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00394-019-01916-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01916-7DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Consumption of out-of-season orange modulates fat accumulation, morphology and gene expression in the adipose tissue of Fischer 344 rats.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Eurecat, Centre Tecnològic de Catalunya, Unitat de Nutrició i Salut, Reus, Spain.

Purpose: According to the xenohormesis theory, animals receive signals from plants that give clues about the changing environment, and thus, depending on the season of the year, animals develop physiological changes to adapt in advance to the seasonal changes. Our objective was to study how the same fruit cultivated during two different seasons could affect the adipose tissue of rats.

Methods: Thirty-six Fischer 344 rats were acclimated for 4 weeks to long-day or short-day (SD) photoperiods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01930-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Allyl isothiocyanate regulates lysine acetylation and methylation marks in an experimental model of malignant melanoma.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Applied Sciences, Translational Biosciences Group, Northumbria University, Ellison Building, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK.

Objective(s): Isothiocyanates (ITCs) are biologically active plant secondary metabolites capable of mediating various biological effects including modulation of the epigenome. Our aim was to characterize the effect of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) on lysine acetylation and methylation marks as a potential epigenetic-induced anti-melanoma strategy.

Methods: Our malignant melanoma model consisted of (1) human (A375) and murine (B16-F10) malignant melanoma as well as of human; (2) brain (VMM1) and lymph node (Hs 294T) metastatic melanoma; (3) non-melanoma epidermoid carcinoma (A431) and (4) immortalized keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells subjected to AITC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01925-6DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Dietary total antioxidant capacity and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease and cancer: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Gerash University of Medical Sciences, Gerash, Iran.

Purpose: No conclusive information is available about the association between dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC) and risk of mortality. Current meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies was done to summarize available findings on the association between DTAC and risk of death from all-cause, cancer and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).

Methods: Online databases were searched to detect relevant publications up to January 2018, using relevant keywords. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01922-9DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Reduced meal frequency alleviates high-fat diet-induced lipid accumulation and inflammation in adipose tissue of pigs under the circumstance of fixed feed allowance.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

School of Life Science and Engineering, Southwest University of Science and Technology, 621010, Mianyang, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: The present study was conducted to determine whether reduced meal frequency (MF) could restore high-fat diet (HFD)-modified phenotypes and microbiota under the condition of fixed feed allowance.

Methods: A total of 32 barrows with initial weight of 61.6 ± 0. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00394-019-01928-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01928-3DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads
3.467 Impact Factor

Impact of a nudging intervention and factors associated with vegetable dish choice among European adolescents.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Bournemouth University, Foodservice and Applied Nutrition Research Group & Health and Wellbeing, Faculty of Management, Poole, BH12 5BB, UK.

Purpose: To test the impact of a nudge strategy (dish of the day strategy) and the factors associated with vegetable dish choice, upon food selection by European adolescents in a real foodservice setting.

Methods: A cross-sectional quasi-experimental study was implemented in restaurants in four European countries: Denmark, France, Italy and United Kingdom. In total, 360 individuals aged 12-19 years were allocated into control or intervention groups, and asked to select from meat-based, fish-based, or vegetable-based meals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01903-yDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

An inverse association between the Mediterranean diet and bladder cancer risk: a pooled analysis of 13 cohort studies.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Complex Genetics and Epidemiology, NUTRIM School for Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University, Universiteitssingel 40, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Purpose: The role of diet in bladder carcinogenesis has yet to be established. To date most studies have investigated dietary components individually, rather than as dietary patterns, which may provide stronger evidence for any influence of diet on bladder carcinogenesis. The Mediterranean diet has been associated with many health benefits, but few studies have investigated its association with bladder cancer risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01907-8DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Seasonal variation of diet quality in a large middle-aged and elderly Dutch population-based cohort.

Eur J Nutr 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Several studies have reported seasonal variation in intake of food groups and certain nutrients. However, whether this could lead to a seasonal pattern of diet quality has not been addressed. We aimed to describe the seasonality of diet quality, and to examine the contribution of the food groups included in the dietary guidelines to this seasonality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-019-01918-5DOI Listing
February 2019
3.467 Impact Factor