3,934 results match your criteria European Journal of Epidemiology[Journal]


Unreformed nutritional epidemiology: a lamp post in the dark forest.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), and Departments of Medicine, Health Research and Policy, Biomedical Data Science, and Statistics, Stanford University, 1265 Welch Road, Medical School Office Building, Room X306, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00487-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Cystic echinococcosis in unaccompanied minor refugees from Afghanistan and the Middle East to Germany, July 2016 through June 2017.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Augustenburgerplatz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany.

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is not covered by current refugee screening protocols. After we had detected CE among several refugees attending our clinic from Afghanistan and the Middle East, serological examinations for CE were performed for apparently healthy unaccompanied minor refugees from these regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00492-8DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The association between weight at birth and breast cancer risk revisited using Mendelian randomisation.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Observational studies suggest that higher birth weight (BW) is associated with increased risk of breast cancer in adult life. We conducted a two-sample Mendelian randomisation (MR) study to assess whether this association is causal. Sixty independent single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) known to be associated at P < 5 × 10 with BW were used to construct (1) a 41-SNP instrumental variable (IV) for univariable MR after removing SNPs with pleiotropic associations with other breast cancer risk factors and (2) a 49-SNP IV for multivariable MR after filtering SNPs for data availability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00485-7DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

"Bad luck" hypothesis and cancer prevention: translating the debate to more actions.

Authors:
Mingyang Song

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Departments of Epidemiology and Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 667 Huntington Avenue, Kresge 906A, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00489-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Asthma and selective migration from farming environments in a three-generation cohort study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Public Health, Danish Ramazzini Centre, Aarhus University, Bartholins Alle 2, Building 1260, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.

Individuals raised on a farm appear to have less asthma than individual raised elsewhere. However, selective migration might contribute to this as may also the suggested protection from farm environment. This study investigated if parents with asthma are less likely to raise their children on a farm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00491-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Nutritional epidemiology: forest, trees and leaves.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Ioannidis has stated that the field of nutritional epidemiology has generated confusion and numerous implausible findings and is in need of radical reform. One of the reforms he proposes is to conduct analyses that take into account the "totality for all nutritional factors measured". This approach is based on isolating and reducing diet into numerous independent variables with little regard to prior knowledge or the interrelations among dietary components, and relying on a "discovery" approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00488-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Premenopausal cardiovascular disease and age at natural menopause: a pooled analysis of over 170,000 women.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

School of Public Health, University of Queensland, 288 Herston Road (corner of Herston Rd and Wyndham St), Brisbane, QLD, 4006, Australia.

Early menopause is associated with an increased risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Few studies have investigated the converse. We examined whether premenopausal CVD events are associated with early age at menopause. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00490-wDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The meaning of confounding adjustment in the presence of multiple versions of treatment: an application to organ transplantation.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Causal inference for treatments with many versions requires a careful specification of the versions of treatment. Specifically, the existence of multiple relevant versions of treatment has implications for the selection of confounders. To illustrate this, we estimate the effect of organ transplantation using grafts from donors who died due to anoxic drug overdose, on recipient graft survival in the US. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00484-8DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Red meat, processed meat, and other dietary protein sources and risk of overall and cause-specific mortality in The Netherlands Cohort Study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Epidemiology, GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Processed meat and red meat have been associated with increased mortality, but studies are inconsistent and few have investigated substitution by other protein sources. The relationship of overall and causes-specific mortality with red meat, processed meat, and other dietary protein sources was investigated in The Netherlands Cohort Study. In 1986, 120,852 men and women aged 55-69 years provided information on dietary and lifestyle habits. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-019-00483-9
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January 2019
4 Reads

Intake of sucrose-sweetened soft beverages during pregnancy and risk of congenital heart defects (CHD) in offspring: a Norwegian pregnancy cohort study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Studies report increased risk of congenital heart defects (CHD) in the offspring of mothers with diabetes, where high blood glucose levels might confer the risk. We explored the association between intake of sucrose-sweetened soft beverages during pregnancy and risk of CHD. Prospective cohort data with 88,514 pregnant women participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study was linked with information on infant CHD diagnoses from national health registers and the Cardiovascular Diseases in Norway Project. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-019-00480-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00480-yDOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Hospitalisation of people with dementia: evidence from English electronic health records from 2008 to 2016.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Division of Psychiatry, University College London, 6th Floor, Maple House, 149 Tottenham Court Road, London, W1T 7NF, UK.

Hospitalisation of people with dementia is associated with adverse outcomes and high costs. We aimed to examine general, i.e. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-019-00481-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00481-xDOI Listing
January 2019
10 Reads

Secular trends of mortality and dementia-free life expectancy over a 10-year period in France.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 16;34(2):115-123. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Université de Bordeaux, INSERM, Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, UMR1219, 33000, Bordeaux, France.

The aim of this paper was to investigate the evolution of mortality and life expectancy according to dementia in two French populations 10 years apart. Two different populations of subjects aged 65 or older included in PAQUID from 1988 to 1989 (n = 1342) and 3C from 1999 to 2000 (n = 1996) and initially not demented were followed over 10 years. Dementia was assessed using an algorithmic approach, and participants were considered to have dementia if they had an MMSE score < 24 AND a 4IADL score > 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-019-00482-wDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Causal criteria: time has come for a revision.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Philosophy and History of Ideas, School of Culture and Society, Aarhus University, Building 1465, Jens Chr. Skous Vej 7, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.

Epidemiologists study associations but they are usually interested in causation that could lead to disease prevention. Experience show, however, that many of the associations we identify are not the causes we take an interest in (correlation is not causation). In order to proper translate association into causes, a set of causal criteria was developed 50-60 years ago and they became important tools guiding this translational process (sometimes correlation is causation). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-00479-xDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Alcohol consumption and labour market participation: a prospective cohort study of transitions between work, unemployment, sickness absence, and social benefits.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Studiestræde 6, 1455, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The aim of this study was to investigate the association of alcohol consumption and problem drinking on transitions between work, unemployment, sickness absence and social benefits. Participants were 86,417 men and women aged 18-60 years who participated in the Danish National Health Survey in 2010. Information on alcohol consumption (units per week) and problem drinking (CAGE-C score of 4-6) was obtained by questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0476-7DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The risk of breast and gynecological cancer in women with a diagnosis of infertility: a nationwide population-based study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Box 281, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.

Some studies have suggested that infertility is a risk factor for endometrial, ovarian and breast cancer. The study aimed to create a comprehensive picture of the association between infertility and the risk of ovarian, endometrial and breast cancer, and whether any association could be explained by ovulatory disturbances, endometriosis or nulliparity. In a population-based cohort of 2,882,847 women, cox regression analysis was used to investigate cancer incidence among infertile women. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0474-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0474-9DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Stem cell replication, somatic mutations and role of randomness in the development of cancer.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

CESP (Inserm U1018), Facultés de Médicine Université Paris-Sud, UVSQ, Université Paris-Saclay, Gustave Roussy, 94805, Villejuif, France.

An intense scientific debate has recently taken place relating to the "bad luck" hypothesis in cancer development, namely that intrinsic random, and therefore unavoidable, mutagenic events would have a predominant role in tumorigenesis. In this article we review the main contributions to this debate and explain the reasons why the claim that cancer is mostly explained by intrinsic random factors is unsupported by data and theoretical models. In support of this, we present an analysis showing that smoking-induced mutations are more predictive of cancer risk than the lifetime number of stem cell cellular divisions. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0477-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0477-6DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Vision loss and 12-year risk of dementia in older adults: the 3C cohort study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 4;34(2):141-152. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Inserm, Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, UMR 1219, Univ. Bordeaux, 33000, Bordeaux, France.

To analyze the longitudinal relationships between vision loss and the risk of dementia in the first 2 years, from 2 to 4 years and beyond 4 years after inclusion and to determine the roles of depressive symptomatology and engagement in cognitively stimulating activities in these associations. This study is based on the Three-City (3C) study, a population-based cohort of 7736 initially dementia-free participants aged 65 years and over with 12 years of follow-up. Near visual impairment (VI) was measured and distance visual function (VF) loss was self-reported. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-00478-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-00478-yDOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Protein markers and risk of type 2 diabetes and prediabetes: a targeted proteomics approach in the KORA F4/FF4 study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 31. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Institute of Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolstädter Landstraße 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany.

The objective of the present study was to identify proteins that contribute to pathophysiology and allow prediction of incident type 2 diabetes or incident prediabetes. We quantified 14 candidate proteins using targeted mass spectrometry in plasma samples of the prospective, population-based German KORA F4/FF4 study (6.5-year follow-up). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0475-8DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is associated with mortality in the general population: The Rotterdam Study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Inflammation is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality in the elderly. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a marker of systemic inflammation that integrates the information of the leukocyte differentials into one variable. We aimed to assess whether the NLR is a risk indicator for overall and cause-specific mortality in the general population. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0472-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0472-yDOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Cardiovascular mortality attributable to dietary risk factors in 51 countries in the WHO European Region from 1990 to 2016: a systematic analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 14;34(1):37-55. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Competence Cluster for Nutrition and Cardiovascular Health (nutriCARD), Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Germany.

This study was performed to highlight the relationship between single dietary risk factors and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in the WHO European Region. We used the comparative risk assessment framework of the Global Burden of Disease Study to estimate CVD mortality attributable to diet; comprising eleven forms of CVDs, twelve food and nutrient groups and 27 risk-outcome pairs in four GBD regions including 51 countries by age and sex between 1990 and 2016. In 2016, dietary risks were associated with 2. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0473-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0473-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325999PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Hypothesis: ubiquitous circadian disruption can cause cancer.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 13;34(1):1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institute and Policlinic for Occupational Medicine, Environmental Medicine and Prevention Research, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Circadian disruption (CD) was implicated in chains of cancer causation when the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified shift-work involving circadian disruption as probably carcinogenic in 2007. In the following decade, epidemiological studies into causal concepts associated with circadian disruption were inconclusive. Unappreciated complexity with an exclusive focus on shift-work, light-at-night, sleep, and melatonin in regard to circadian disruption may be accountable. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0469-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0469-6DOI Listing
January 2019
15 Reads

The Apgar paradox.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb;34(2):103-104

Department of Social and Behavioral Science, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, USA.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0466-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0466-9DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Contribution of the OC Sensor immunoassay in comparison to the Hemoccult II guaiac-test in organized colorectal cancer screening.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 8;34(2):163-172. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Service d'Hépato-gastro-entérologie, CHU Angers, 4, rue Larrey, 49933, Angers Cedex 09, France.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of cancer-related death of worldwide with high incidence and mortality rate, accessible to a screening program in France, first with guaiac- based fecal occult blood test (g-FOBT) then with fecal immunochemical tests (FIT), since 2015, because of better accuracy. The aim of our study was to compare the characteristics of screen-detected lesions in two successive CRC screening campaigns, using two different tests (Hemoccult II and OC Sensor) in the department of Maine-et-Loire, and to precise the performance of these tests [participation rate, detection rates (DR), positive predictive value (PPV)]. Participants, invited by CAP SANTE 49, with polyps or cancer at the colonoscopy after a positive screening test between 01/01/2013 and 31/12/2016 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0471-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A note of thanks and an invitation.

Authors:
Albert Hofman

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec;33(12):1131-1133

, Boston, MA, USA.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0464-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0464-yDOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

FranceCoag: a 22-year prospective follow-up of the national French cohort of patients with inherited bleeding disorders.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Haemophilia Treatment Centre, APHM, Children Hospital La Timone, Aix Marseille University, INSERM, INRA, C2VN, Marseille, France.

FranceCoag is an ongoing open prospective multicentre cohort project aimed at improving epidemiological knowledge about inherited bleeding disorders in France. The main objective of this article was to evaluate the project's progress as of the 30th December 2016. Between 1994 and this date, of the 10,047 patients included in the study, 384 (3. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0468-7
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December 2018
5 Reads

Radiotherapy for childhood cancer and subsequent thyroid cancer risk: a systematic review.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 4;33(12):1139-1162. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Institute of Medical Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, University Medical Centre of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, 55101, Mainz, Germany.

Most of the pooled analyses and reviews reported an association between radiotherapy for childhood cancer and an increased thyroid cancer risk. Up to now this article presents the first systematic literature review on this association combined with a critical assessment of the methodological quality of the included articles. PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched for relevant articles until May 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0467-8DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Potential causal associations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D with lipids: a Mendelian randomization approach of the HUNT study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 21;34(1):57-66. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine (IKOM), NTNU - Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Observational studies have shown consistent associations between higher circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and favorable serum lipids. We sought to investigate if such associations were causal. A Mendelian randomization (MR) study was conducted on a population-based cohort comprising 56,435 adults in Norway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0465-xDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Space-time clustering of childhood cancers: a systematic review and pooled analysis.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 16;34(1):9-21. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Mittelstrasse 43, 3012, Bern, Switzerland.

The aetiology of childhood cancers remains largely unknown. Space-time clustering of cases might imply an aetiological role of infections. We aimed to review the evidence of space-time clustering of specific childhood cancers. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0456-y
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326085PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Methods to handle missing values and missing individuals.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 14;34(1):5-7. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Health Metrics Unit, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, PO Box 463, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0461-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325998PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Association between physical activity and sub-types of cardiovascular disease death causes in a general population cohort.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.

Physical activity is thought to be cardioprotective, but associations with different subtypes of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are poorly understood. We examined associations between physical activity and seven major CVD death causes. The sample comprised 65,093 adults (aged 58 ± 12 years, 45. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0460-2DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Can environment or allergy explain international variation in prevalence of wheeze in childhood?

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Nov 11. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Population Health Research Institute, St George's, University of London, London, UK.

Asthma prevalence in children varies substantially around the world, but the contribution of known risk factors to this international variation is uncertain. The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase Two studied 8-12 year old children in 30 centres worldwide with parent-completed symptom and risk factor questionnaires and aeroallergen skin prick testing. We used multilevel logistic regression modelling to investigate the effect of adjustment for individual and ecological risk factors on the between-centre variation in prevalence of recent wheeze. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0463-z
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November 2018
5 Reads

Association of serum markers of oxidative stress with myocardial infarction and stroke: pooled results from four large European cohort studies.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Ageing Research, German Cancer Research Center, Im Neuenheimer Feld 581, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Oxidative stress contributes to endothelial dysfunction and is involved in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. However, associations of biomarkers of oxidative stress with MI and stroke have not yet been addressed in large cohort studies. A nested case-control design was applied in four population-based cohort studies from Germany, Czech Republic, Poland and Lithuania. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0457-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0457-xDOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Seeing through a glass darkly and taking the next right steps.

Authors:
Lawrence T Dauer

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 3;33(12):1135-1137. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10065, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0458-9DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study provides no evidence for an increase in risk for lung cancer in miners exposed to diesel engine emissions.

Authors:
Matthias Möhner

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 31;33(12):1251-1254. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Division of Work and Health, Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Nöldnerstr. 40/42, 10317, Berlin, Germany.

The Diesel Exhaust in Miners Study is unquestionably the most suitable data material to date to examine a possible link between diesel engine emissions and lung cancer risk. But the results do not appear to be consistent in themselves. The crucial methodological problem in this study, however, has yet to be discovered, to which the lack of any description of age related information (year of birth, year of hire, year of first exposure, year of death) for the cohort as well as for the cases might have contributed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0455-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290853PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The 100-plus Study of cognitively healthy centenarians: rationale, design and cohort description.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 25;33(12):1229-1249. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Alzheimer Center Amsterdam, Department of Neurology, Amsterdam Neuroscience, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam UMC, de Boelelaan 1118, 1081 HZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Although the incidence of dementia increases exponentially with age, some individuals reach more than 100 years with fully retained cognitive abilities. To identify the characteristics associated with the escape or delay of cognitive decline, we initiated the 100-plus Study ( www.100plus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0451-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290855PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Incidence of cardiovascular events in patients with stabilized coronary heart disease: the EUROASPIRE IV follow-up study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Public Health, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, 4K3, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

The EUROASPIRE surveys (EUROpean Action on Secondary Prevention through Intervention to Reduce Events) demonstrated that most European coronary patients fail to achieve lifestyle, risk factor and therapeutic targets. Here we report on the 2-year incidence of hard cardiovascular (CV) endpoints in the EUROASPIRE IV cohort. EUROASPIRE IV (2012-2013) was a large cross-sectional study undertaken at 78 centres from selected geographical areas in 24 European countries. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0454-0
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October 2018
8 Reads
5.340 Impact Factor

A comparison of different methods to handle missing data in the context of propensity score analysis.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 19;34(1):23-36. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, C7-P, 2333 ZA, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Propensity score analysis is a popular method to control for confounding in observational studies. A challenge in propensity methods is missing values in confounders. Several strategies for handling missing values exist, but guidance in choosing the best method is needed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0447-z
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325992PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Hearing loss, cognitive ability, and dementia in men age 19-78 years.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 10;34(2):125-130. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Hearing loss in later life has been associated with risk of dementia. The impact of risk factors for dementia may change during life, and it is unknown whether hearing loss early in midlife represents a risk factor for dementia. We examined whether hearing loss diagnosed in midlife was associated with an increased risk of dementia. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0452-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0452-2DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Education modifies the relationship between height and cognitive function in a cross-sectional population-based study of older adults in Rural South Africa.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 10;34(2):131-139. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA, USA.

We aimed to estimate the relationship between height (a measure of early-life cumulative net nutrition) and later-life cognitive function among older rural South African adults, and whether education modified this relationship. Data were from baseline in-person interviews with 5059 adults ≥ 40 years in the population-based "Health and Aging in Africa: A Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH Community in South Africa" (HAALSI) study in Agincourt sub-district, South Africa, in 2015. Linear regression was used to estimate the relationship between height quintile and latent cognitive function z-score (representing episodic memory, time orientation, and numeracy), with adjustment for life course covariates and a height-by-education interaction. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0453-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0453-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370512PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Copenhagen Baby Heart Study: a population study of newborns with prenatal inclusion.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 10;34(1):79-90. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Cardiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Congenital heart diseases (CHDs) are reported in 0.8% of newborns. Numerous factors influence cardiovascular development and CHD prevalence, and possibly also development of cardiovascular disease later in life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0448-yDOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Risk of various types of cataracts in a cohort of Mayak workers following chronic occupational exposure to ionizing radiation.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 10;33(12):1193-1204. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Southern Urals Biophysics Institute, Ozyorskoe Shosse 19, Ozyorsk, Chelyabinsk Region, Russia, 456780.

This study is the first to report cataract type specific risks in a cohort of Russian Mayak Production Association workers following chronic occupational exposure to ionizing radiation. In this retrospective cohort study, 22,377 workers (females 25.4%) first employed in 1948-1982 were followed up till the end of 2008. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0450-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0450-4DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Massive citations to misleading methods and research tools: Matthew effect, quotation error and citation copying.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Nov 6;33(11):1021-1023. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), and Departments of Medicine, Health Research and Policy, Biomedical Data Science, and Statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0449-xDOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Apgar score and risk of autism.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Feb 5;34(2):105-114. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Psychiatry and Seaver Autism Center, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1 Gustave L Levy PLC, New York, NY, 10029, USA.

Low Apgar score has been associated with higher risk for several neurological and psychiatric disorders, including cerebral palsy and intellectual disability. Studies of the association between Apgar score and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been inconsistent. We aimed to investigate (1) the association between low Apgar score at 5 min and risk for ASD, and (2) the modifying effects of gestational age and sex on this association in the largest multinational database of ASD. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0445-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0445-1DOI Listing
February 2019
21 Reads

Linkage of the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink with the national cancer registry.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 5;34(1):101-102. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Division of Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, School of Medical Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0441-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0441-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6326001PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Risk of lung cancer and physical activity by smoking status and body mass index, the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Oct 1. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsö, Norway.

We aimed to investigate physical activity (PA) and risk of different histological subtypes of lung cancer according to smoking status and body mass index using repeated measurements in a large cohort of women in Norway. The study sample for the multiple imputation analyses consisted of 86,499 and for the complete-case analysis 80,802 women. Repeated measurements of PA level, smoking habits, weight, and height were available for 54,691 women (63. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0446-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0446-0DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Case study in major quotation errors: a critical commentary on the Newcastle-Ottawa scale.

Eur J Epidemiol 2018 Nov 26;33(11):1025-1031. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, CB #7435, 135 Dauer Drive, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7435, USA.

The Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS) is one of many scales used to judge the quality of observational studies in systematic reviews. It was criticized for its arbitrary definitions of quality items in a commentary in 2010 in this journal. That commentary was cited 1,250 times through December 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0443-3DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D is associated with advanced glycation end products (AGEs) measured as skin autofluorescence: The Rotterdam Study.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 25;34(1):67-77. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, South Holland, The Netherlands.

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulate in tissues with aging and may influence age-related diseases. They can be estimated non-invasively by skin autofluorescence (SAF) using the AGE Reader™. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) may inhibit AGEs accumulation through anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties but evidence in humans is scarce. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0444-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0444-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325991PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Approach to record linkage of primary care data from Clinical Practice Research Datalink to other health-related patient data: overview and implications.

Eur J Epidemiol 2019 Jan 15;34(1):91-99. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD), MHRA, 10 South Colonnade, Canary Wharf, London, E14 4PU, UK.

Record linkage is increasingly used to expand the information available for public health research. An understanding of record linkage methods and the relevant strengths and limitations is important for robust analysis and interpretation of linked data. Here, we describe the approach used by Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) to link primary care data to other patient level datasets, and the potential implications of this approach for CPRD data analysis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10654-018-0442-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-018-0442-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325980PMC
January 2019
7 Reads