292,334 results match your criteria European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care[Journal]


Comparison of PED and FRED Flow Diverters for Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysms: A Propensity Score-Matched Cohort Study.

Neurosurgery 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Neurology, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Flow diversion has become an accepted endovascular treatment modality for intracranial aneurysms. Studies comparing different types of flow diverters are currently lacking.

Objective: To perform a propensity score-matched cohort study comparing the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED; Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) and Flow Redirection Endoluminal Device (FRED; MicroVention, Aliso Viejo, California). Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Validated screening tools for the assessment of cachexia, sarcopenia, and malnutrition: a systematic review.

Am J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec;108(6):1196-1208

Clinical Surgery, University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: There is great overlap between the presentation of cachexia, sarcopenia, and malnutrition. Distinguishing between these conditions would allow for better targeted treatment for patients.

Objectives: The aim was to systematically review validated screening tools for cachexia, sarcopenia, and malnutrition in adults and, if a combined tool is absent, make suggestions for the generation of a novel screening tool. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

[Survival of pediatric patients with Ewing sarcoma treated at Semmelweis University].

Magy Onkol 2018 Dec 19;62(4):230-236. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

II. Sz. Gyermekgyógyászati Klinika, Semmelweis Egyetem, Budapest, Hungary.

The survival of children treated with Ewing sarcoma at Semmelweis University were investigated. Pediatric patients with Ewing sarcoma treated at Semmelweis University from 2001 through 2013 were analyzed in terms of overall survival and clinical factors (age, primary localization and extent of the tumor, time interval from primary complaints to diagnosis). For statistical analysis Kaplan-Meier estimated survival and log rank test were applied. Read More

View Article
December 2018

First field efficacy trial of the ChAd63 MVA ME-TRAP vectored malaria vaccine candidate in 5-17 months old infants and children.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0208328. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Centre National de Recherche et de Formation sur le Paludisme, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

Background: Heterologous prime boost immunization with chimpanzee adenovirus 63 (ChAd63) and Modified Vaccinia Virus Ankara (MVA) vectored vaccines is a strategy previously shown to provide substantial protective efficacy against P. falciparum infection in United Kingdom adult Phase IIa sporozoite challenge studies (approximately 20-25% sterile protection with similar numbers showing clear delay in time to patency), and greater point efficacy in a trial in Kenyan adults.

Methodology: We conducted the first Phase IIb clinical trial assessing the safety, immunogenicity and efficacy of ChAd63 MVA ME-TRAP in 700 healthy malaria exposed children aged 5-17 months in a highly endemic malaria transmission area of Burkina Faso. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels are more prevalent in Canadians of South Asian than European ancestry inhabiting the National Capital Region of Canada.

PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207429. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Bureau of Nutritional Sciences, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

The US Institute of Medicine defined serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) cut point values of 30 nmol/L and 40 nmol/L were used to assess the vitamin D status of South Asian and European Canadians of self-identified ancestry living in the National Capital Region of Canada. Serum 25OHD values were measured in the spring and fall of 2012 to represent status during the winter and summer months, respectively. A total of 1238 measurements were obtained from 669 participants (49% South Asian ancestry): some participants were measured only once (spring or fall). Read More

View Article
December 2018
2 Reads

Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis: Results of the European Retrospective Pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis Registry (RetroPEER).

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Gastroenterology, Nutrition, and Liver Disease, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, Israel.

Objectives: Recommendations for diagnosing and treating eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) are evolving; however, information on real world clinical practice is lacking. To assess the practices of pediatric gastroenterologists diagnosing and treating EoE and to identify the triggering allergens in European children.

Methods: Retrospective anonymized data were collected from 26 European pediatric gastroenterology centers in 13 countries. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Clinical Management of Pediatric Achalasia: A Survey of Current Practice.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Pediatric Gastroenterology.

Objectives: Pediatric achalasia is a rare neurodegenerative disorder of the esophagus that requires treatment. Different diagnostic and treatment modalities are available, but there are no data that show how children can best be diagnosed and treated. We aimed to identify current practices regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic approach toward children with achalasia. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection and Other Conditions in Children: A Joint Position Paper From the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Children's Nutrition and Research Center, Houston, TX.

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is becoming part of the treatment algorithms against recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI) both in adult and pediatric gastroenterology practice. With our increasing recognition of the critical role the microbiome plays in human health and disease, FMT is also being considered as a potential therapy for other disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis), graft versus host disease, neuropsychiatric diseases, and metabolic syndrome. Controlled trials with FMT for rCDI have not been performed in children, and numerous clinical and regulatory considerations have to be considered when using this untraditional therapy. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Design and rationale of the Edoxaban Treatment in routiNe clinical prActice for patients with Atrial Fibrillation in Europe (ETNA-AF-Europe) study.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Birmingham, SWBH and UHB NHS Trusts, Birmingham, UK.

Aim: Edoxaban, a nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant, is an oral factor Xa inhibitor approved for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in adult patients with atrial fibrillation and for the treatment and secondary prevention in adult patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study details the design of the Edoxaban Treatment in routiNe clinical prActice for patients with Atrial Fibrillation in Europe (ETNA-AF-Europe) study - a postauthorization observational study, which is part of the postapproval plan for edoxaban agreed with the European Medicines Agency.

Methods: The ETNA-AF-Europe study (Clinicaltrials. Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Monitoring haemodynamic response to fluid-challenge in ICU: Comparison of pressure recording analytical method and oesophageal Doppler.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

From the Department of Anaesthesia, Burn, and Critical Care, Saint-Louis Lariboisière University Hospital (RB, FD, MR, JS, AM, BGC), Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, European Hospital Georges-Pompidou, APHP (AN, DD, RP), Paris Diderot University, Sorbonne Paris Cité (AM, BGC), Inserm U942 (AM), Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité (RP), Inserm U1153 (RP) and Inserm U1160, Paris, France (BGC).

Background: The ability of the pressure recording analytical method (PRAM) in tracking change in cardiac output (ΔCO) after a fluid challenge in ICU needs to be evaluated with the most contemporary comparison methods recommended by experts.

Objective: Our objective was to report the trending ability of PRAM in tracking ΔCO after a fluid challenge in ICU and to compare this with oesophageal Doppler monitoring (ODM).

Design: Prospective, observational study. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Observational Study Examining the Association of Baseline Frailty and Postcardiac Surgery Delirium and Cognitive Change.

Anesth Analg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland†Division of Medical Psychology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: Frailty is a geriatric syndrome thought to identify the most vulnerable older adults, and morbidity and mortality has been reported to be higher for frail patients after cardiac surgery compared to nonfrail patients. However, the cognitive consequences of frailty after cardiac surgery have not been well described. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that baseline frailty would be associated with postoperative delirium and cognitive change at 1 and 12 months after cardiac surgery. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Cannabis-related cognitive impairment: a prospective evaluation of possible influences on patients with cancer during chemotherapy treatment as a pilot study.

Anticancer Drugs 2019 Jan;30(1):91-97

Neuro-Cognitive Unit, Rambam Health Care Campus.

Objectives: In patients with cancer, the use of medical cannabis has increased significantly during the recent years. There is evidence that cannabis consumption may affect cognitive performance; however, this potential effect has not been investigated prospectively in patients with cancer to date. We aimed to evaluate the effect of cannabis consumption on cognitive abilities as well as on symptom relief in patients with cancer during chemotherapy treatment. Read More

View Article
January 2019

Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy in gastroenteropancreatic NEN G3: a multicenter cohort study.

Endocr Relat Cancer 2019 Feb;26(2):227-239

Department of Oncology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) is an established treatment of metastatic neuroendocrine tumors grade 1-2 (G1-G2). However, its possible benefit in high-grade gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN G3) is largely unknown. We therefore aimed to assess the benefits and side effects of PRRT in patients with GEP NEN G3. Read More

View Article
February 2019

River water analysis using a multiparametric approach: Portuguese river as a case study.

J Water Health 2018 Dec;16(6):991-1006

Department of Aquatic Production, Abel Salazar Institute for the Biomedical Sciences (ICBAS), University of Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal E-mail: LAQV, Requimte, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal.

The Ave River in northern Portugal has a history of riverbanks and water quality degradation. The river water quality was assessed by physicochemical, biological (macroinvertebrates) and microbiological (Enterococcus spp. and Escherichia coli) parameters in six locations (A-F, point A being the nearest to the source) throughout its course during a year. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Value-based medicine in oncology: the importance of perspective in the emerging value frameworks.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2018 Dec 10;73(suppl 1):e470s. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Centro de Investigacao Translacional em Oncologia, Instituto do Cancer do Estado de Sao Paulo (ICESP), Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Recently, professional and healthcare-related entities have launched frameworks designed to assess the value of cancer innovations in multistakeholder decision processes. Among the most visible entities that propose and implement value frameworks in oncology are the European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO), the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). However, these value frameworks have been criticized for conceptual inconsistencies, inability to include a greater variety of value criteria, and inadequate explanation of the uncertainty approach used in the modeling process. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Meta-analysis of the relationship between excision repair cross-complementing Group 5 rs17655 gene polymorphism and head and neck cancer susceptibility.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S1041-S1047

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Scientific Research Platform, The Second Clinical Medical College, Guangdong Medical University; Department of Dongguan Scientific Research Center, Sino-American Cancer Research Institute, Key Laboratory for Medical Molecular Diagnostics of Guangdong Province, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan, Guangdong, China.

Background: Published studies have evaluated the association between excision repair cross-complementing Group 5 (ERCC5) rs17655 polymorphism and head and neck cancer (HNC) susceptibility. However, these studies showed inconsistent results.

Aims: The aim of this study was to get a more comprehensive estimation of this association. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Identification of differentiated functional modules in papillary thyroid carcinoma by analyzing differential networks.

J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Dec;14(Supplement):S969-S974

Department of Ultrasound, Linzi District People's Hospital, Zibo 255 400, Shandong Province, China.

Purpose: The incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has dramatically increased over the past two decades. This study aimed to investigate the disparity of gene expression between PTC and normal tissues.

Materials And Methods: Gene chip data of E-GEOD-33630 and E-GEOD-60542 were acquired and downloaded from European Bioinformatics Institute Part of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory website. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Meta-Analysis of Effects of Digoxin on Survival in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation or Heart Failure: An Update.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Jan 4;123(1):69-74. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany. Electronic address:

In 2015, 3 independent meta-analyses raised concerns about digoxin therapy being associated with an increased mortality risk in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and with heart failure (HF). Although several other studies have been published since then fostering these safety issues, the most recent 2016 European guidelines for AF still recommend this therapy as a class I indication. We performed an updated systematic review and random-effect meta-analysis on publications up to March 2018 reporting data on digoxin associated mortality in subjects with AF or HF. Read More

View Article
January 2019
1 Read

Indacaterol/Glycopyrronium versus Salmeterol/Fluticasone in Patients with COPD-A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in the Czech Republic.

Value Health Reg Issues 2018 Sep 27;16:112-118. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Novartis s.r.o., Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) represents an illness with significant healthcare and societal impacts. Fixed combinations of long-acting beta-agonists (LABA) and inhaled corticosteroids have been used for COPD treatment as the standard of care for many years. A daily dose of indacaterol and glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) at 110/50 µg has recently been gaining attention due to its improved efficacy and tolerability versus the standard of care. Read More

View Article
September 2018

Transoesophageal echocardiography current practice in France: A multicentre study.

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2018 Dec 4;111(12):730-738. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of cardiology, SOS Endocardites, Henri-Mondor Hospital, 94010 Creteil, France.

Background: Few data are available on the application of transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) recommendations in daily practice.

Aims: To evaluate TOE practice based on echocardiography societies' guidelines, and to determine complication rates and factors associated with patient feelings.

Methods: Between April and June 2017, we prospectively included all consecutive patients referred to 14 French hospitals for a transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE). Read More

View Article
December 2018

Heart Transplantation Cost Composition in Brazil: A Patient-Level Microcosting Analysis and Comparison With International Data.

J Card Fail 2018 Dec 26;24(12):860-863. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Heart Transplant Program, Division of Cardiology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil; National Health Technology Assessment Institute, National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Advanced heart failure (HF) therapies, such as heart transplantation, are resource intensive and costly. In Brazil, only one-fifth of the estimated population need is fulfilled. We examined cost expenditures of heart transplants in a public institution in Brazil. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Alcohol intake and risk of systemic lupus erythematosus: a Mendelian randomization study.

Authors:
S C Bae Y H Lee

Lupus 2018 Dec 12:961203318817832. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

2 Department of Rheumatology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: This study aimed to examine whether alcohol intake is causally associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

Methods: We performed a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis using the inverse-variance weighted (IVW), weighted median, and MR-Egger regression methods. We used the publicly available summary statistics of alcohol intake frequency from the UK Biobank genome-wide association studies (GWASs; n = 336,965) as the exposure and an SLE GWAS consisting of 1311 SLE and 1783 control subjects of European descent as the outcome. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Re-thinking performance assessment for primary care: Opinion of the expert panel on effective ways of investing in health.

Eur J Gen Pract 2018 Dec 12:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

g Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care , Ghent University , Ghent , Belgium.

Background: In 2017, the European Commission (EC) identified as a policy priority the performance assessment of primary care systems, which relates to a country's primary care structure, services delivery and outcomes. The EC requested its Expert Panel on Effective Ways of Investing in Health (Expert Panel) to provide an opinion on ways for improving performance assessment of primary care.

Objectives: To provide an overview of domains and dimensions to be taken into consideration in assessing primary care and specific indicators to be collected and analysed to improve understanding of primary care performance. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Effects of various abiotic factors on biomass growth and lipid yield of Chlorella minutissima for sustainable biodiesel production.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Bioenergy Research Laboratory, Department of Polymer and Process Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (Saharanpur Campus), Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, 247001, India.

In this study, effects of different abiotic factors were studied on biomass and lipid yield of green microalga Chlorella minutissima (C. minutissima) Various concentrations of abiotic factors like nitrogen, phosphorus, glucose, iron, zinc, different values of pH, temperature, light intensity and different photoperiods were observed on the biomass growth and lipid yield of C. minutissima cultivated with modified CHU-13 medium. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Prevention of postoperative bleeding in hip fractures treated with prosthetic replacement: efficacy and safety of fibrin sealant and tranexamic acid. A randomised controlled clinical trial (TRANEXFER study).

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Public Health and Clinical Epidemiology Service-Iberoamerican Cochrane Centre, IIB Sant Pau. CIBERESP, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: We assessed the efficacy of fibrin sealant (FS) and tranexamic acid (TXA) administered topically in patients with a hip fracture treated with prosthetic replacement.

Materials And Methods: Parallel, multicentre, open label, randomised, clinical trial. We compared three interventions to reduce blood loss: (1) 10 ml of FS, (2) 1 g of topical TXA, both administered at the end of the surgery, and (3) usual haemostasis (control group). Read More

View Article
December 2018

Development, implementation and first insights of a time- and location-independent longitudinal postgraduate curriculum in emergency medicine.

GMS J Med Educ 2018 15;35(4):Doc44. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

University of Bern, Bern University Hospital, Inselspital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Bern, Switzerland.

There have been few reports on the implementation of a structured curriculum for emergency medicine, as emergency medicine is not yet an established medical specialty for training in many European countries, including Switzerland and Germany. Because of the non-plannable workload in the emergency setting, common training approaches are often difficult to implement. Need-assessments of emergency medicine trainees commonly identify a need for interactive, time-independent ways of learning that integrate modern forms of knowledge transfer. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Complete genome sequence of sacbrood virus isolated from Asiatic honey bee in India.

Virusdisease 2018 Dec 27;29(4):453-460. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

2Molecular Virology Lab, Division of Crop Protection, ICAR-National Research Centre for Banana, Thogamalai Road, Thayanur Post, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu 620102 India.

We determined the complete genome sequence of a sacbrood virus (SBV) infecting Indian honey bee () from Tamil Nadu, India named as AcSBV-IndTN1. The genome of AcSBV-IndTN1 comprised of 8740 nucleotides, encoding a single large ORF containing 2849 amino acids flanked by 5' and 3' untranslated regions. Results of phylogenetic tree analysis based on complete genomes of SBV isolates indicated that the virus isolates from India isolated from the Asiatic honey bee . Read More

View Article
December 2018
1 Read

Artificial Neural Network to Predict Varicocele Impact on Male Fertility through Testicular Endocannabinoid Gene Expression Profiles.

Biomed Res Int 2018 13;2018:3591086. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Faculty of Biosciences and Technology for Food, Agriculture and Environment, University of Teramo, 64100 Teramo, Italy.

The relationship between varicocele and fertility has always been a matter of debate because of the absence of predictive clinical indicators or molecular markers able to define the severity of this disease. Even though accumulated evidence demonstrated that the endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays a central role in male reproductive biology, particularly in the testicular compartment, to date no data point to a role for ECS in the etiopathogenesis of varicocele. Therefore, the present research has been designed to investigate the relationship between testicular ECS gene expression and fertility, using a validated animal model of experimental varicocele (VAR), taking advantage of traditional statistical approaches and artificial neural network (ANN). Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Biomarker-based corticosteroid adjustment in severe asthma: a modified Delphi consensus.

ERJ Open Res 2018 Oct 7;4(4). Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Centre for Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen's University, Belfast, UK.

http://ow.ly/sTrf30my3jw. Read More

View Article
October 2018

Osteoprotegerin Induces CD34 Differentiation in Endothelial Progenitor Cells.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2018 27;5:331. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Inserm, UMR_S1140, Faculty of Pharmacy, Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are the main hypothetical cells that could give rise to vessels and in particular one subtype isolated from peripheral or cord bloods: endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs). These ECFCs are clonogenic precursors committed to endothelial lineage and have robust vasculogenic properties. However, their low number and poor expansion properties when isolated from human adult bloods, currently limit their use as an autologous cell therapy product. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Presence of cadmium residues in muscle, liver and kidney of and histological evidence.

Ital J Food Saf 2018 Sep 7;7(3):7684. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari "Aldo Moro".

Cadmium (Cd) concentrations were evaluated in the samples of kidney, liver and muscle of sixty-six buffaloes regularly slaughtered. Forty were raised in Campania, in the territory between the province of Naples and Caserta and twenty-six were bred in Apulia, in the province of Bari. Two aliquots were prepared for the renal and hepatic samples: one intended for the chemical analysis and the other one intended for histological investigations. Read More

View Article
September 2018

Tacrolimus in non-Asian patients with SLE: a real-life experience from three European centres.

Lupus Sci Med 2018 2;5(1):e000274. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rheumatology Unit, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Objectives: To analyse the real-life practice on the use of Tacrolimus (TAC) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from three European SLE referral centres.

Methods: Adult patients with SLE regularly followed at three European referral centres were included. Demographics, cumulative organ involvement, treatment history, Systemic Lupus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), laboratory features and physician's judgement were collected at baseline and at 3-6-12 months after starting TAC. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Biobanks in Horizon 2020: sustainability and attractive perspectives.

EPMA J 2018 Dec 23;9(4):345-353. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Immunochemistry, University Hospital Pilsen, Edvarda Benese 1128/13, 305 99 Pilsen, CZ Czech Republic.

Biobanks have during last two decades gained an important role in the whole process of biomedical research and health care not only in Europe but also worldwide. Biobanks are one of the pillars in personalised medicine tackling all its aspects such as prevention, diagnosis, treatment and monitoring closely the specific characteristics of an individual patient. The current and future power of biobanks is the amount of samples of high-quality and related information available for current and future research of diseases, for optimising patients´ prevention, diagnosis, treatment and monitoring. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Prognostic Role of MicroRNAs in Human Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Dis Markers 2018 21;2018:8309015. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

College of Health and Human Sciences, Charles Darwin University, Alan Walker Cancer Care Centre, Darwin, NT, Australia.

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to play an important role in the development and outcomes for multiple human cancers. Their role as a prognostic biomarker in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. This meta-analysis aims to clarify the role of various miRNAs in the survival of NSCLC patients. Read More

View Article
October 2018

Evaluation of RECIST, PERCIST, EORTC, and MDA Criteria for Assessing Treatment Response with Ga68-PSMA PET-CT in Metastatic Prostate Cancer Patient with Biochemical Progression: a Comparative Study.

Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 Dec 26;52(6):420-429. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

4Department of Radiology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Delhi, India.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to compare response evaluation criteria in solid tumours 1.1 (RECIST 1.1), positron emission tomography response criteria in solid tumours (PERCIST), European organisation for research and treatment of cancer (EORTC), and MD Anderson (MDA) criteria for response assessment by Gallium 68-prostate-specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography-computed tomography (Ga68-PSMA PET-CT) in metastatic adenocarcinoma prostate cancer (mPCa) patients with biochemical progression. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Development and Validation of Dummies and Human Models Used in Crash Test.

Appl Bionics Biomech 2018 13;2018:3832850. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Tianjin Aerisafety Science and Technology Co. Ltd, Tianjin, China.

The crash test dummy, an important tool for car crash safety tests, is of great significance to explore the injury biomechanics of the occupants and improve the safety performance of the vehicle. The article mainly consists of four parts: brief introduction of injury mechanism, early experiments for obtaining biomechanical response (animal tests, cadaver tests, and volunteer tests), and development and validation of mechanical dummies and computational models. This study finds that the current crash test dummies are generally designed based on European and American, so they have limitations on the damage prediction of other regions. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Ecological significance of dorsal polymorphism in a Batesian mimic snake.

Curr Zool 2018 Dec 10;64(6):745-753. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Departamento de Zoología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain.

Batesian mimicry is the process in which harmless species adopt the appearance of a dangerous, aposematic species. In some prey species, both Batesian mimetic and non-Batesian morphs coexist, presupposing that both morphs have to be evolutionarily advantageous. The viperine snake, , exhibits a zigzag dorsal pattern and antipredatory behavior that mimics European vipers. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Molecular Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Carbapenemase-Producing Isolates in Portuguese Hospitals: Results From European Survey on Carbapenemase-Producing (EuSCAPE).

Front Microbiol 2018 27;9:2834. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

National Reference Laboratory of Antibiotic Resistances and Healthcare Associated Infections, Department of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Health Dr. Ricardo Jorge, Lisbon, Portugal.

In Portugal, the epidemiological stage for the spread of carbapenemase-producing (CPE) increased from sporadic isolates or single hospital clones (2010-2013), to hospital outbreaks, later. Here we report data from a 6-month study performed under the European Survey on Carbapenemase-Producing (EuSCAPE). During the study period, 67 isolates (61 and 6 ) non-susceptible to carbapenems were identified in participant hospital laboratories. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Dissociative states in borderline personality disorder and their relationships to psychotropic medication.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2018 23;14:3253-3257. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Center for Neuropsychiatric Research of Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry and UHSL, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic,

Background: According to recent data, dissociation may play an important role in borderline personality disorder (BPD), nevertheless specific influences of psychotropic medication on dissociative symptoms in BPD and their therapeutic indications are largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess relationships of dissociative symptoms in BPD patients with levels of psychotropic medication and compare these results with a subgroup of patients with schizophrenia.

Materials And Methods: In this study, we investigated 52 BPD patients and compared the results with a control group of 36 schizophrenia patients. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Digitalizing multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD with a smartphone application: an international observational pilot study.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2018 23;13:3831-3836. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Lung Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Cantonal Hospital St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland,

Background: Concerning COPD, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has a positive effect on disease progression and mortality, is cost-effective, and is a part of recommendations of international guidelines. Only a minority of patients profit from conventional PR due to a lack of resources, physicians' guideline adherence, or patients' motivation. Novel digital therapies like Kaia COPD, a smartphone application that digitizes PR in COPD, are promising solutions to fill this void. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Author Correction: Lipid management in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Nat Rev Nephrol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

CNR- IFC, Clinical Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Hypertension and Renal Diseases, Ospedali Riuniti, Italy.

In the acknowledgements section of this article as originally published, information on the authors' roles as EURECAm members is missing. The correct acknowledgement is as follows: "This Review was planned as part of the activity of the European Renal and Cardiovascular Medicine working (EURECAm) group and all authors are EURECAm members. A. Read More

View Article
December 2018

F between archaic and present-day samples.

Heredity (Edinb) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720-3140, USA.

The increasing abundance of DNA sequences obtained from fossils calls for new population genetics theory that takes account of both the temporal and spatial separation of samples. Here, we exploit the relationship between Wright's F and average coalescence times to develop an analytic theory describing how F depends on both the distance and time separating pairs of sampled genomes. We apply this theory to several simple models of population history. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Desperately seeking…Models to find the right partner and the best use for checkpoint inhibitors.

Br J Cancer 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Laboratory of Hematology-Oncology, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy.

Immune checkpoint inhibitors have shown unprecedented clinical activity in a variety of cancer types, but only in a fraction of patients. Promising in vivo synergies have been demonstrated between checkpoint inhibitors and other drugs and/or chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and effective models are now needed to select the best combinatorial regimen and disease setting. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Publisher Correction: Tracing the transitions from pluripotency to germ cell fate with CRISPR screening.

Nat Commun 2018 12 11;9(1):5328. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Wellcome Trust/Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QN, UK.

Ufuk Günesdogan was incorrectly associated with Center for Genetic Analysis of Behaviour, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, 5-1 Higashiyama Myodaiji, Okazaki, Aichi 444-8787, Japan and Toshihiro Kobayashi was incorrectly associated with Department of Developmental Biology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen Center for Molecular Biosciences, Justus-von-Liebig Weg 11, 37077 Göttingen, Germany. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Integrated multi-omics characterization reveals a distinctive metabolic signature and the role of NDUFA4L2 in promoting angiogenesis, chemoresistance, and mitochondrial dysfunction in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

Aging (Albany NY) 2018 12 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation- Urology, Andrology and Kidney Transplantation Unit, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

An altered metabolism is involved in the development of clear cell - renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), and in this tumor many altered genes play a fundamental role in controlling cell metabolic activities. We delineated a large-scale metabolomic profile of human ccRCC, and integrated it with transcriptomic data to connect the variations in cancer metabolism with gene expression changes. Moreover, to better analyze the specific contribution of metabolic gene alterations potentially associated with tumorigenesis and tumor progression, we evaluated the transcription profile of primary renal tumor cells. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Anti-anginal drugs: Systematic review and clinical implications.

Int J Cardiol 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centro Cardiologico Universitario, University Hospital of Ferrara, Via Aldo Moro 8, 44124 Cona, Ferrara, Italy; Maria Cecilia Hospital, GVM Care & Research, Via Corriera 1, Cotignola, RA, Italy.

Background: The cornerstone of the treatment of patients affected by stable angina is based on drugs administration classified as first (beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, short acting nitrates) or second line treatment (long-acting nitrates, ivabradine, nicorandil, ranolazine and trimetazidine). However, few data on comparison between different classes of drugs justify that one class of drugs is superior to another.

Methods: We performed a systematic review of the literature following PRISMA guidelines. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Genetic ancestry, admixture and health determinants in Latin America.

BMC Genomics 2018 Dec 11;19(Suppl 8):861. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Biological Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 30332, USA.

Background: Modern Latin American populations were formed via genetic admixture among ancestral source populations from Africa, the Americas and Europe. We are interested in studying how combinations of genetic ancestry in admixed Latin American populations may impact genomic determinants of health and disease. For this study, we characterized the impact of ancestry and admixture on genetic variants that underlie health- and disease-related phenotypes in population genomic samples from Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Puerto Rico. Read More

View Article
December 2018