6,390 results match your criteria European Journal of Clinical Nutrition [Journal]


Modelling the health co-benefits of sustainable diets in the UK, France, Finland, Italy and Sweden.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Centre on Population Approaches for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, Big Data Institute, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background/objectives: It is not known if diets lower in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are also healthier. We evaluated the population health implications of changing to more sustainable diets in the UK, France, Finland, Italy and Sweden.

Subjects/methods: We developed a life table model to simulate mortality and morbidity from diet-related diseases over the lifetime of the current population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0401-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Evidence of higher intramyocellular fat among normal and overweight Indians with prediabetes.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Physiology, Pathology, Biostatistics, Orthopaedics and Endocrinology, St John's Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Background: The rise in prevalence rates of Type 2 Diabetes among Indians is well recognized. The research focus has been primarily to understand the changes in insulin sensitivity and beta cell dysfunction among Indians with Type 2 Diabetes. However, no data are available on the role of peripheral tissue, in particular intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content and its impact on glucose homeostasis among Indians with prediabetes. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-019-0402-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0402-4DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Effect of antenatal and infant micronutrient supplementation on middle childhood and early adolescent development outcomes in Tanzania.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: There is growing evidence that nutritional interventions in the first 1000 days of life may influence long-term health and development outcomes. Few studies have examined the effect of maternal and infant micronutrient supplementation on development outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa.

Methods: We conducted a follow-up study of two randomized trials of antenatal and infant micronutrient supplementation conducted in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0403-3DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Soy intake and vasomotor menopausal symptoms among midlife women: a pooled analysis of five studies from the InterLACE consortium.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background/objectives: Phytoestrogen rich-foods such as soy may be associated with less frequent/severe vasomotor menopausal symptoms (VMS), although evidence is limited. We thus investigated the associations between the consumption of soy products and soy milk and the frequency/severity of VMS.

Subjects/methods: We pooled data from 19,351 middle-aged women from five observational studies in Australia, UK, USA, and Japan that contribute to the International Collaboration for a Life course Approach to reproductive health and Chronic disease Events (InterLACE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0398-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Psychological disorders and dietary patterns by reduced-rank regression.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Objective: To determine the relationship between dietary patterns identified by reduced-rank regression method and psychological disorders in a large group of Iranian adults.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on 3363 Iranian adults between 20 and 55 years. Dietary intakes were assessed using a validated dish-based semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0399-8DOI Listing
January 2019

Plasma vitamin C concentrations and risk of incident respiratory diseases and mortality in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer-Norfolk population-based cohort study.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Clinical Gerontology Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background/objectives: Cancerous and non-cancerous respiratory diseases are common and contribute significantly to global disease burden. We aim to quantify the association between plasma vitamin C concentrations as an indicator of high fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of incident respiratory diseases and associated mortality in a general population.

Subjects/methods: Nineteen thousand three hundred and fifty-seven men and women aged 40-79 years without prevalent respiratory diseases at the baseline (1993-1997) and participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk study in the United Kingdom were followed through March 2015 for both incidence and mortality from respiratory diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0393-1DOI Listing
January 2019

The interaction of cholesteryl ester transfer protein gene variations and diet on changes in serum lipid profiles.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 31. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background/objectives: Gene-diet interactions may have an important role in the disparities between the lipid responses of individuals to diet. This study aimed to investigate whether polymorphisms (rs5882 and rs3764261) in the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene modify the association of diet with changes in serum lipid profiles.

Subjects/methods: A total of 4700 individuals aged ≥18 years were selected from among participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0397-xDOI Listing
January 2019

Effects of vitamin D supplements on frequency of CD4 T-cell subsets in women with Hashimoto's thyroiditis: a double-blind placebo-controlled study.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Immunology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Vitamin D is a modulator of immune functions. Investigations on the mechanisms of vitamin D action and pathogenesis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) have revealed that vitamin D can reduce damages to thyroid cells caused by autoreactive immune cells.

Methods: Totally, 48 female patients with HT disease were introduced to the study by endocrinologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0395-zDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Dietary flaxseed and tamoxifen affect the inflammatory microenvironment in vivo in normal human breast tissue of postmenopausal women.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Oncology and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Anti-oestrogens such as tamoxifen, decrease the risk of breast cancer but are unsuitable for prevention because of their side-effects. Diet modifications may be a breast cancer prevention strategy. Here, we investigated if a diet addition of flaxseed, which can be converted to the phytoestrogen enterolactone by the gut microbiota, exhibited similar effects as tamoxifen on normal human breast tissue in vivo, with special emphasis on inflammatory mediators implicated in cancer progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0396-yDOI Listing
January 2019

Vitamin D status during pregnancy and offspring outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Research Group in Nutrition and Mental Health (NUTRISAM), Nutrition and Public Health Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain.

Background/objectives: Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy may influence adverse outcomes in offspring. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was to assess the association between low prenatal concentrations of 25(OH)D (by using three different cut-off levels), preterm birth (PTB) and anthropometric and neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring.

Subjects/methods: Studies reporting data on the association between maternal vitamin D concentrations and offspring outcomes identified through a systematic review of scientific literature published in PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus and the Cochrane Library databases up to April 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0373-xDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Body hydration assessment using bioelectrical impedance vector analysis in neurologically impaired children.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Paediatric Surgery Department, Children's Hospital "G. Di Cristina", ARNAS Civico-di Cristina-Benfratelli", Palermo, Italy.

Dehydration is common and frequently under-diagnosed in chronic malnourished children, leading to life-threatening conditions. In this pilot study we applied bioimpedance vector analysis (BIVA) to determine hydration status in 52 neurologically impaired (NI) paediatric patients (14.08 ± 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0384-7DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Anthropometric measurement standardization for a multicenter nutrition survey in children with spinal muscular atrophy.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

International Center for the Assessment of Nutritional Status (ICANS), Department of Food Environmental and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS), University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disease associated with nutritional status derangement and altered body composition. New drugs are changing the natural history of the disease, so now more than ever is important to focus on the correct assessment of nutritional status in SMA. We implemented a standardization process for the anthropometric measurement as part of our ongoing longitudinal study of growth patterns in SMA patients. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-019-0392-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0392-2DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Design and characterization of dietary assessment in the German National Cohort.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), Nuthetal, Germany.

Background/objectives: The aim of the study was to describe a novel dietary assessment strategy based on two instruments complemented by information from an external population applied to estimate usual food intake in the large-scale multicenter German National Cohort (GNC). As proof of concept, we applied the assessment strategy to data from a pretest study (2012-2013) to assess the feasibility of the novel assessment strategy.

Subjects/methods: First, the consumption probability for each individual was modeled using three 24 h food lists (24h-FLs) and frequencies from one food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-018-0383-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0383-8DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Differences in the macronutrient and dietary fibre profile of gluten-free products as compared to their gluten-containing counterparts.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria La Fe, Avenida Fernando Abril Martorell 106, Torre A planta 0, 46026, Valencia, Spain.

Background/objectives: Gluten-free diet is the lifelong therapy for patients with coeliac disease. A wide range of gluten-free products (GFP) is available, which mimics the characteristics of their gluten-containing counterparts (GCC). The aim of this study was to compare the macronutrient and dietary fibre composition of GFP and GCC currently available in Spain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0385-6DOI Listing
January 2019

Folate intake and the risk of breast cancer: an up-to-date meta-analysis of prospective studies.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

College of Food Science, Southwest University, No.2 Tiansheng Road, BeiBei District, Chongqing, 400715, China.

Epidemiological studies focusing on the association between folate and breast cancer risk reported inconsistent findings. We conducted a systematic search of the literature using PubMed and EMBASE databases. A total of 23 prospective studies involving 41,516 cases and 1,171,048 individuals were included for meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0394-0DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
2.709 Impact Factor

Clinical value of body composition monitor to evaluate lean and fat tissue mass in peritoneal dialysis.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Departments of Renal Medicine and Transplantation, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, E1 1BB, UK.

Background/objectives: Bioimpedance analysis is often routinely performed in any dialysis unit to guide fluid management but can provide a reproduceable assessment of fat and muscle mass. We wished to determine the clinical significance of low muscle or high fat mass and the determinants that influence their change.

Subjects/methods: We performed retrospective analysis of 824 patients on peritoneal dialysis who underwent routine repeated bioimpedance analysis measurements using the body composition monitor (BCM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0391-3DOI Listing
January 2019

A pilot study of the effect of phospholipid curcumin on serum metabolomic profile in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran.

Background/objectives: Curcumin, a natural polyphenol compound in the spice turmeric, has been found to have potent anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activity. Curcumin may treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) through its beneficial effects on biomarkers of oxidative stress (OS) and inflammation, which are considered as two feature of this disease. However, the effects of curcumin on NAFLD have been remained poorly understood. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-018-0386-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0386-5DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Associations between long-chain PUFAs in maternal blood, cord blood, and breast milk and offspring body composition up to 5 years: follow-up from the INFAT study.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

From the Else Kröner-Fresenius-Center for Nutritional Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany.

Background/objectives: Limited research suggests that exposure to long-chain PUFAs (LCPUFAs) during perinatal development can influence adipose tissue expansion later in life. In previous analyses, we observed that maternal LCPUFAs in late gestation promote offspring gestational growth, whereas breast milk n-3 LCPUFAS promote adipogenesis in infants up to 1 year. This follow-up analysis examines these relationships in offspring up to 5 years. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-018-0388-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0388-3DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Design and implementation of modified-texture diet in older adults with oropharyngeal dysphagia: a randomized controlled trial.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Clinical Nutrition Service, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background/objectives: Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a common problem in elderly population that negatively affects the oral intake and body composition resulting in clinical complications as malnutrition and dehydration. The aim of this study was to design, implement, and evaluate the effect of texture-modified foods and thickened drinks diet, with nectar or pudding viscosity and controlled bolus volume in older adults with OD on body composition and oral intake.

Subjects/methods: Randomized clinical trial, simple blind. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0389-xDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Clinical impact of body composition phenotypes in patients with COPD: a retrospective analysis.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Physiotherapy, Laboratory of Research in Respiratory Physiotherapy (LFIP), State University of Londrina, Londrina, Brazil.

Background/objectives: Abnormal body composition is an independent determinant of COPD outcomes. To date, it is already known that patient stratification into body composition phenotypes are associated with important outcomes, such as exercise capacity and inflammation, but there are no data comparing physical activity and muscle strength among these phenotypes. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare clinical characteristics and physical function in patients with COPD stratified into body composition phenotypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-019-0390-4DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Healthy diets and telomere length and attrition during a 10-year follow-up.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 14. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Telomeres are repeats of DNA that contain the sequence TTAGGG at the ends of each chromosome, and their function is to protect DNA from damage. Little evidence exists regarding the relationship between dietary patterns and telomere length, especially derived applying longitudinal design. The aim was to study if overall dietary pattern is associated with leukocyte telomere length (LTL) or faster telomere attrition or both. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0387-4DOI Listing
January 2019

The effects of curcumin supplementation on liver enzymes, lipid profile, glucose homeostasis, and hepatic steatosis and fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology, Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major global health problem. The most common cause of death in these patients is due to cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of curcumin supplementation on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with NAFLD. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-018-0382-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0382-9DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads
2.709 Impact Factor

Differences in the incidence of postoperative pneumonia after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy between liquid and semi-solid nutrient administration.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Feb 4;73(2):250-257. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Internal Medicine, Sapporo Kiyota Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Background/objectives: This historical control study examined the differences in the incidence of postoperative pneumonia between patients administered liquid and semi-solid nutrients after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG).

Subjects/methods: The medical records of adult patients who underwent PEG between March 1999 and March 2014 were investigated. The patients were administered either liquid or semi-solid nutrient and examined for gastroesophageal reflux via radiography after PEG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0380-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368559PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Serum advanced glycation end products are not associated with muscle strength in hemodialysis patients.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Graduate Program in Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Goias, Goiania, Brazil.

Background: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are elevated in patients with renal failure and may potentially affect skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether serum concentrations of AGEs are associated with muscle strength in hemodialysis (HD) patients, since this association is not clear in the literature.

Methods: This research has a cross-sectional design and included 96 patients on hemodialysis treatment (20-69 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0379-4DOI Listing
January 2019

CKD autophagy activation and skeletal muscle atrophy-a preliminary study of mitophagy and inflammation.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Devision of Nephrology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200080, China.

Background/objectives: Long-lived proteins and organelles, such as mitochondria and the sarcoplasmic reticulum, are degraded by autophagy. However, the specific role of autophagy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) muscle atrophy is still undefined.

Subjects/methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 20 subjects and 11 controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0381-xDOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
2.709 Impact Factor

Effects of prebiotics on sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, mortality, feeding intolerance, time to full enteral feeding, length of hospital stay, and stool frequency in preterm infants: a meta-analysis.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background/objectives: Prebiotics are increasingly recognized as an effective measure to promote health and prevent adverse health outcomes in preterm infants. We aimed to systematically review the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in this area.

Subjects/methods: Relevant studies from January 2000 to June 2018 were searched and selected from PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0377-6DOI Listing
December 2018

Secular trends in Dietary Inflammatory Index among adults in the United States, 1999-2014.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Physical Activity Epidemiology Laboratory, Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, USA.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate secular trends in Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) scores in the United States between 1999 and 2014.

Methods: Data from adults over 19 years from the 1999 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 39,191) were used. DII scores, at each 2-year cycle, were evaluated from a 24-h recall, including 26 food parameters for DII calculation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0378-5DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Physical activity and energy balance.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

NUTRIM, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0374-9DOI Listing
December 2018

Four years after implementation of a national micronutrient powder program in Kyrgyzstan, prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia is lower, but prevalence of vitamin A deficiency is higher.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background/objectives: In 2009, the Ministry of Health of Kyrgyzstan launched a national Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) program which included point-of-use fortification of foods with micronutrient powders (MNP) containing iron, vitamin A, and other micronutrients. Caretakers of children aged 6-23 months were given 30 sachets of MNP every 2 months. Micronutrient surveys were conducted in 2009 and 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0368-7DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Dietary intake and food sources of one-carbon metabolism nutrients in preschool aged children.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Faculty of Health and Medicine, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia.

Background: It is hypothesised that epigenetic mechanisms including DNA methylation may underlie the relationship between early-life nutrition and child cognitive outcomes. This study aimed to identify dietary patterns associated with the intake of one-carbon metabolism nutrients in children aged 2-3 years.

Methods: A validated 120-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires at 2-3 years of age were used to estimate the intake of one-carbon metabolism nutrients (methionine, folate, choline and vitamins B2, B6, B12) and to quantify mean number of serves consumed of the food groups specified by the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0376-7DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Lifestyle interventions in Muslim patients with metabolic syndrome-a feasibility study.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Experimental & Clinical Research Center - a joint co-operation between Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin and Max-Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Lindenberger Weg 80, 13125, Berlin, Germany.

Obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type-2 diabetes mellitus are common in Muslim patients living in Germany, most of whom are of Turkish origin. Lifestyle interventions must be tailored to religion and ethnicity. We tested the body weight-reducing effect of a 30% calorie-reduced intake diet, adjusted to individual energy expenditure, eating habits, and food preferences in a Turkish-background cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0371-zDOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Total, insoluble, and soluble dietary fiber intake and insulin resistance and blood pressure in adolescents.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Georgia Prevention Institute, Department of Population Health Sciences, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, 30912, USA.

Background/objectives: To evaluate sex and race differences in fiber intakes, which are understudied in adolescents, and to investigate whether low insoluble and soluble fiber intakes would be associated with higher risk for insulin resistance and blood pressure (BP).

Subjects/methods: A total of 754 black and white adolescents, 14 to 18 years old (49.2% blacks; 50. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0372-yDOI Listing
December 2018

Reviewer recognition.

Authors:

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec;72(12):1728-1730

In this issue we would like to thank all those listed below for taking the time to review for the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2017-your generosity is much appreciated and we hope your association with the journal continues in the future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0357-xDOI Listing
December 2018

Predictors of serum cobalamin and its association with homocysteine in community-dwelling older adults.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Institute of Nutritional Science, Justus Liebig University, Goethestrasse 55, D-35390, Giessen, Germany.

Background/objectives: This study investigates the predictors of serum cobalamin concentrations in community-dwelling older adults and the relationship between serum cobalamin and plasma homocysteine.

Subjects/methods: Serum cobalamin and plasma homocysteine were measured by SimulTRAC-SNB radio assay and HPLC, respectively. Linear multiple regression analyses were performed with cross-sectional data of 352 participants aged 60-90 years to examine (1) the predictors of serum cobalamin and (2) the association between cobalamin and homocysteine status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0367-8DOI Listing
December 2018

Effects of intermittent versus continuous energy restriction for weight loss on diet quality and eating behavior. A randomized trial.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Section for Preventive Cardiology, Department of Endocrinology, Morbid Obesity and Preventive Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background/objectives: Weight loss diets affect food choices and control of eating. We evaluated the effects of intermittent energy restriction (IER) vs. continuous energy restriction (CER) on nutritional composition and eating behavior. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-018-0370-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0370-0DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Is fasting blood glucose a reliable parameter to investigate the effect of non-nutritive sweeteners on glucose metabolism?

Eur J Clin Nutr 2019 Feb 29;73(2):331-332. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Avignon University, LAPEC EA4278, F-84000, Avignon, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0366-9DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Mediterranean diet and cardio-metabolic health: what is the role of meat?

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA.

Traditional Mediterranean diet is known for its health benefits in prevention of cardio-metabolic diseases and risk factors associated with it. The role of red meat in Mediterranean diet is to some extent overlooked with the main focus on foods of plant origin. The majority of existing guidelines encourage general population to limit intakes of red meat. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-018-0303-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0303-yDOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Adherence Of Spanish Primary Physicians And Clinical Practise To The Mediterranean Diet.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), Barcelona, Spain.

Background/objectives: The primary objective of this study was to explore physicians' adherence to the dietary pattern known as the Mediterranean diet (MD). As a secondary objective we assessed physicians' awareness on the benefits of the MD and of the possibility of prescribing it.

Subjects/methods: Physicians' adherence to the MD was evaluated through the Spanish associations SEMERGEN and CAMFIC, who sent the validated PREDIMED screener to their affiliates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0314-8DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Worldwide adherence to Mediterranean Diet between 1960 and 2011.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Mediterranean Diet Foundation, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: From the 1960s to the early 21st-century adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) declined around the world. This was partly due to the westernization of eating habits. However, in the last decade a new variable came into play, the economic crisis, which may have affected dietary patterns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0313-9DOI Listing
November 2018
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Sleep and meal timing influence food intake and its hormonal regulation in healthy adults with overweight/obesity.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Studies associate sleeping and eating late in the day with poor dietary quality and higher obesity risk but differences in sleep duration confound this association. We aimed to determine whether sleep and meal timing, independent of sleep duration, influenced food intake in healthy adults.

Methods: This was a controlled, 2 × 2 inpatient crossover study with normal (0000-0800 h) or late (0330-1130 h) sleep and normal (1, 5, 11, and 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0312-xDOI Listing
November 2018
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New and traditional foods in a modernized Mediterranean diet model.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Medical Center, Chantepoulet, Genève, Switzerland.

Mediterranean diet is definitely one of the healthiest dietary models. Next questions are: is the traditional Mediterranean diet adapted to the modern environmental and existential conditions? Could and/or should it be "modernized" to adapt to the various geographical, environmental, ethnic, and religious characteristics? If "modernization" is required, which traditional Mediterranean foods should be imperatively conserved as they are? Alternatively, which "new" foods-not traditional or not Mediterranean-could be introduced to help people to still respect the basic healthy Mediterranean diet principles? The present article intends to help solving these new questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0308-6DOI Listing
November 2018
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Unique features of the Mediterranean food environment: Implications for the prevention of chronic diseases Rh: Mediterranean food environments.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Social and Cardiovascular Epidemiology Research Group, School of Medicine, Universidad de Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-018-0311-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0311-yDOI Listing
November 2018
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Importance of gut microbiota in obesity.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Unidad de Gestión Clínica Endocrinología y Nutrición. Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga (IBIMA), Complejo Hospitalario de Málaga (Virgen de la Victoria)/Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain.

Recently, a number of studies have related the development of highly prevalent disorders such as type 2 diabetes and obesity to gut microbiota. Obesity itself have been associated with modifications in gut microbiota composition, and a tendency towards an overgrowth of microorganisms that obtain more efficient energy from diet. It's capacity to decompose the polysaccharides that can not be digested by the host, increase monosaccharide and short chain fatty acid (SCFA) production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0306-8DOI Listing
November 2018

Wine and Health-New Evidence.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.

Health benefits of moderate wine consumption have been studied during the past decades, first in observational studies and more recently, in experimental settings and randomized controlled studies. Suggested biological pathways include antioxidant, lipid regulating, and anti-inflammatory effects. Both the alcoholic and polyphenolic components of wine are believed to contribute to these beneficial effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0309-5DOI Listing
November 2018
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Promoting and Implementing the Mediterranean Diet in the Southern Hemisphere: the Chilean Experience.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Centro de Nutrición Molecular y Enfermedades Crónicas, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Santiago, Chile.

Increasing scientific evidence shows that the Mediterranean lifestyle -including a characteristic dietary pattern as well as psychosocial and cultural features- has beneficial effects on human health. However, production and use of some of the distinctive components (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0307-7DOI Listing
November 2018

A review of factors that affect carotenoid concentrations in human plasma: differences between Mediterranean and Northern diets.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences, and Gastronomy, School of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Carotenoids are naturally occurring pigments of autotroph organisms that have been related to many health benefits and this is not only because some of them are precursors of vitamin A. Individual or whole carotenoid consumption has been associated with a lower risk of developing cancer, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases among others. However, the blood levels of carotenoids vary largely from person to person due to different factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0305-9DOI Listing
November 2018

Extra virgin olive oil: More than a healthy fat.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Lipids and Atherosclerosis Unit, Maimonides Biomedical Research Institute of Cordoba (IMIBIC), Reina Sofia University Hospital, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain.

The beneficial effects of a Mediterranean diet on human health and, in particular, on lowering risk of cardiovascular disease, has been mainly attributed to its high content to extra virgin olive oil (EVOO). While its main fatty acid, oleic acid, is considered important to these effects, EVOO has other biological properties that depend on, or are potentiated by other minor components of this oil. Initially, the mechanisms considered as possible causes of this cardioprotective effect of EVOO were based on the incidence on the so-called traditional risk factors (especially lipids and blood pressure). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0304-xDOI Listing
November 2018

Mediterranean diet as a lifestyle and dynamic food pattern.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Mediterranean Diet Foundation, Barcelona, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0302-zDOI Listing
November 2018

Selected conference proceedings of the XIth Barcelona International Mediterranean Diet Conference.

Authors:

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

April 27-28, 2016Barcelona, SpainOrganized by: Mediterranean Diet FoundationThis supplement is a selection of papers presented at the XI Barcelona International Mediterranean Diet Conference that took place in Barcelona, Spain on April 27-28, 2016 within the framework of the International Food and Beverage Exhibition, Alimentaria 2016. This conference discussed various aspects of achieving an even healthier lifestyle, taking into account that the Mediterranean Diet is regarded as a lifestyle as well as a dynamic food pattern.Sponsorship statement: This supplement is sponsored by the Mediterranean Diet Foundation and the Diputació de Barcelona. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0363-zDOI Listing
November 2018

Health and sustainability outcomes of vegetarian dietary patterns: a revisit of the EPIC-Oxford and the Adventist Health Study-2 cohorts.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Oct 2. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Center for Nutrition, Healthy Lifestyle, and Disease Prevention, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA.

Knowledge in the role of plant-based diets on health had been shaped in part by cohort studies on vegetarians. We revisited publications from two ongoing longitudinal studies comprising large proportions of vegetarians-the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) and the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Oxford (EPIC-Oxford)-to describe the food and nutrient intake, health effects, and environmental sustainability outcomes of the dietary patterns identified in these studies. The vegetarian diet groups in both cohorts have essentially no meat intake, lower intake of fish and coffee, and higher intakes of vegetables and fruits compared to their non-vegetarian counterparts. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-018-0310-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0310-zDOI Listing
October 2018
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