845 results match your criteria European Eating Disorders Review[Journal]


Disordered eating and the perinatal period: A systematic review and best evidence synthesis of mental health and psychosocial correlates.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Swinburne University, Hawthorn, Melbourne, Australia.

Objective: This paper systematically reviews the literature to date on the relationship between disordered eating and mental health, psychological and social factors during pregnancy and the post-partum period, as well as the direction of associations.

Methods: Peer reviewed articles were sourced from seven databases: PsycINFO, CINAHL, Psychology and Behavioural Sciences Collection, Academic Search Complete, Scopus (MEDLINE), Web of Science, and Proquest. A quality review and best evidence synthesis was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2675DOI Listing

A controlled study of an integrated prevention program for improving disordered eating and body image among Mexican university students: A 3-month follow-up.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Biological and Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Obesity and eating disorders are currently two significant health problems in Mexico. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an integrated prevention program on university students through an exploratory controlled study that targeted specific predisposing factors of disordered eating and obesity related to healthy eating, physical activity, body image satisfaction and perceived pressure to be thin. A total of 388 university students participated (264 females and 124 males) and were assigned either to an intervention condition or one of the two control conditions (study skills vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2674DOI Listing

Associations between interoceptive sensitivity, intuitive eating, and body mass index in patients with anorexia nervosa and normal-weight controls.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Reduced perception of bodily signals and low levels of intuitive eating have been reported in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) compared with normal-weight individuals. However, findings have been inconsistent and treatment progress might account for some of these inconsistencies. Thirty-seven inpatients with AN and 39 normal-weight controls completed a heartbeat perception task and the Intuitive Eating Scale-2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2676DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Ten-year time trends in mental and physical health correlates of weight/shape overvaluation.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Translational Health Research Institute, School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To investigate the relationships between weight/shape overvaluation, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and functional role impairment (days out of role [DOR]) in the general population over 11 years.

Method: Five cross-sectional surveys of men and women representative of the South Australian population were conducted in 2005, 2008, 2009, 2015, and 2016 (n  = 15,140). Data were collected on demographics, overvaluation, HRQoL, DOR, and eating disorder behaviours. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2672DOI Listing

Mechanisms and moderators in mindfulness- and acceptance-based treatments for binge eating spectrum disorders: A systematic review.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objective: Increasing evidence suggests that mindfulness- and acceptance-based psychotherapies (MABTs) for bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) may be efficacious; however, little is known about their active treatment components or for whom they may be most effective.

Methods: We systematically identified clinical trials testing MABTs for BN or BED through PsychINFO and Google Scholar. Publications were categorized according to analyses of mechanisms of action and moderators of treatment outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2673DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Characteristics and content of intrusive images in patients with eating disorders.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 300 Leuven, Belgium.

The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics and content of intrusive images in patients with different subtypes of eating disorders (EDs). Data were collected from 74 ED patients, 22 dieting, and 29 nondieting controls. Participants completed a set of self-report questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2671DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Exploring the cooccurrence of behavioural phenotypes for avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in a partial hospitalization sample.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.

Objective: Literature providing clinical characterizations of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) has proposed the occurrence of three functions for food refusal: fear of negative consequences, lack of hunger, or sensory sensitivity. Recent studies have suggested that these functions may be used to subtype patients presenting with ARFID; however, other work suggests that these categories are not mutually exclusive and instead represent neurobiological dimensions that can cooccur. The current study explored the potential cooccurrence of behavioural phenotypes in patients with ARFID presenting to a partial hospitalization program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2670DOI Listing

Pathways to specialist care for eating disorders: An Italian multicentre study.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 7;27(3):274-282. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Mental Health, University of Campania "L. Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.

Two hundred forty six patients with eating disorders (EDs) recruited from eight Italian specialized treatment centres were administered with the World Health Organization "Encounter Form," a standardized schedule that makes it possible to characterize the clinical pathways that patients follow to reach specialized care. The median time from symptoms onset to specialized care was 114 weeks. Primary "points of access to care" were general practitioners (25%), psychiatrists (18%), and clinical nutritionists (17%), followed by various other carers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2669DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Clinical management of females seeking fertility treatment and of pregnant females with eating disorders.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 7;27(3):215-223. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Hannover Medical School, Hanover, Germany.

The presence of eating disorders (EDs) might have a significant impact upon pregnancy, birth, and the offspring's well-being. Thus, several specific aspects are to be considered by medical professionals when females with EDs either become pregnant or intend to undergo fertility treatment. Clinical management algorithms for gynaecologists and fertility specialists are missing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2667DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Effect of the catechol-O-methyltransferase Val Met polymorphism on theory of mind in obesity.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Departament de Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Obesity is often accompanied with psychosocial adjustment problems, such as difficulties in social interactions and social withdrawal. A key aspect of social cognition is theory of mind, which allows inferring mental states, feelings, motivations, and beliefs of others and to use this information to predict their future behaviour. Theory of mind is highly dependent on prefrontal dopaminergic neurotransmission, which is regulated by catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2665DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictors of early response in conjoint and separated models of family-based treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 13;27(3):283-294. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychiatry and UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Objective: Early response, as indicated by early weight gain, in family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN) predicts remission at end of treatment. However, little is known about what factors contribute to early response. Further, no previous studies have examined early response to separated forms of FBT. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2668
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2668DOI Listing
May 2019
14 Reads

Rituals and preoccupations associated with bulimia nervosa in adolescents: Does motivation to change matter?

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 7;27(3):323-328. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

This study evaluated the effects of two treatments for adolescent bulimia nervosa (BN), family-based treatment (FBT-BN), and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-A), on both attitudinal and behavioural outcomes at end-of-treatment. These associations were examined specifically relative to motivation for change in obsessive-compulsive (OC) features of eating disorder (ED) symptoms. Adolescents (N = 110) were randomly assigned to FBT-BN or CBT-A and completed assessments of eating pathology and OC-ED behaviour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2664DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447441PMC
May 2019
1 Read

Investigating transdiagnostic factors in eating disorders: Does self-esteem moderate the relationship between perfectionism and eating disorder symptoms?

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Objective: According to Fairburns transdiagnostic model of eating disorders (EDs), high levels of perfectionism and low self-esteem are two core traits across EDs. This study investigates the role of self-esteem as a transdiagnostic moderator of the relationship between perfectionism and ED symptoms across EDs.

Method: A large group of patients (n = 732) completed several questionnaires measuring perfectionism, self-esteem, and disordered eating symptomatology, more specifically, drive for thinness (DFT) and body dissatisfaction (BD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2666DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Neurobiological signature of intimacy in anorexia nervosa.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 21;27(3):315-322. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: Intimacy and psychosexual development represent core problems of anorexia nervosa (AN). Experiential and neurobiological evidence however is scarce.

Material And Methods: Thirty-one female AN patients were compared with 35 non-patients (NP) and 22 recovered participants (REC) by using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2663
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2663DOI Listing
May 2019
8 Reads

Efficacy of psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder on self-esteem improvement: Meta-analysis.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 03 9;27(2):109-123. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: This meta-analysis examined the effects of psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge-eating disorder (BED) on self-esteem improvement.

Method: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of psychological treatments that assessed self-esteem change in eating disorders were included. Thirty-four RCTs were included; most sampled BED and then BN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2662DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

High-intensity exercise is associated with a better nutritional status in anorexia nervosa.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

CESP, INSERM, University of Paris-Descartes, Paris, France.

Objective: Our aim is to investigate the links between duration and intensity of exercise and the nutritional status in terms of body composition in acute anorexia nervosa (AN) patients.

Method: One hundred ninety-one hospitalized women suffering from AN were included. Exercise duration and intensity were assessed using a semistructured questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2661DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Prevalence and correlates of a positive screen for eating disorders among Syrian refugees.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 13;27(3):263-273. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Notre Dame University-Louaize, Zouk Mosbeh, Lebanon.

The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of a positive screen for eating disorders (EDs) in a sample of Syrian refugees living in North Lebanon. The study was conducted on a convenience sample of 450 (84.67% women and 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2660DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

A controlled study of the Collaborative Care Skills Workshops versus Psycho-educational Workshops among Spanish caregivers of relatives with an eating disorder.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 13;27(3):247-262. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Usera Mental Health Center, 12 de Octubre University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that a negative reaction to the illness would be reduced through the "Collaborative Care Skills Workshops" programme among Spanish caregivers of relatives with an eating disorder. Caregivers were randomly allocated to either the skill-based workshops (n = 32) or psycho-educational workshops (n = 31), and assessments were carried out over time (T vs. T vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2658DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

A longitudinal study on the association between facets of mindfulness and eating disorder symptoms in individuals diagnosed with eating disorders.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 22;27(3):295-305. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

Mindfulness-based treatments for eating disorders could be improved by understanding how facets of mindfulness predict eating disorder symptoms over time. We examined whether facets of mindfulness predict eating disorder symptoms over time and vice versa. Individuals with an eating disorder diagnosis (N = 124; 87. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2657DOI Listing
May 2019
20 Reads

Psychometric properties of the "Autonomous and Controlled Motivation for Treatment Questionnaire" in women with eating disorders.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 12;27(3):306-314. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Eating Disorders Continuum, Douglas Mental Health Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: To validate the Autonomous and Controlled Motivation for Treatment Questionnaire (ACMTQ) for use in women with an eating disorder (ED).

Method: Data were available for 463 individuals. We assessed factor structure, internal reliability, test-retest reliability, convergent/divergent validity, and incremental predictive validity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2656DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Placebo response and cessation in binge eating disorder: A pooled analysis of two randomized parallel-group clinical trials.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Objective: This study aims to explore predictors and clinical correlates of placebo response and cessation in binge eating disorder (BED).

Method: Data from two identically designed, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, and multicenter pharmacotherapy studies for adults with moderate to severe BED were pooled.

Results: Of 360 placebo recipients, 134 (37%) were responders and 53 (15%) achieved 4-week binge eating cessation. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2655
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2655DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Abnormalities in the EEG power spectrum in bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, and obesity: A systematic review.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 03 25;27(2):124-136. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Integrated Research and Treatment Center AdiposityDiseases, Departments of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology and Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Leipzig Medical Center, Leipzig, Germany.

To provide a basis for electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback protocols for bulimia nervosa (BN), binge-eating disorder (BED), and obesity, this systematic review investigates alterations in EEG-measured brain activity, specifically frequency bands. A systematic literature search with predefined search terms yielded N = 7 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. The risk of bias was assessed for all studies. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2654
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2654DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Food addiction and preoperative weight loss achievement in patients seeking bariatric surgery.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 23;26(6):645-656. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Evidence suggests that food addiction (FA) is prevalent among individuals with obesity seeking bariatric surgery (BS), but there is no evidence about whether FA is a predictor of weight loss (WL). We aimed to analyse the prevalence of FA in patients with obesity seeking BS and to examine whether FA could predict WL following dietary intervention before surgery.

Method: The study included 110 patients with obesity who underwent a dietetic intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2649DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Food addiction distinguishes an overweight phenotype that can be reversed by low calorie diet.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 23;26(6):657-670. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Endocrinology Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Science, Centre for Applied Biomedical Research, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Alma Mater University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Similarities in neural activation patterns in obese and substance-dependent subjects led to the food addiction concept, but studies exploiting this issue for obesity stratification are missing. We assessed brain activation in response to food cues using F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose-PET in 36 overweight women, stratified by low or high food addiction groups according to the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS). Assessments were repeated after a 3-month diet. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2652
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2652DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Food addiction: A transdiagnostic construct of increasing interest.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 18;26(6):536-540. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Psychological Medicine Department, King's College and Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2645
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2645DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads

Therapist adherence and therapeutic alliance in individual cognitive-behavioural therapy for adolescent binge-eating disorder.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 03 18;27(2):182-194. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Integrated Research and Treatment Center AdiposityDiseases, Leipzig, Germany.

To evaluate psychological treatments for adolescent binge-eating disorder (BED), reliable information on therapeutic process factors is needed. This study examines therapist adherence and therapeutic alliance and their associations in cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for adolescents with BED. In a randomised-controlled efficacy trial, adherence and alliance were objectively determined based on 247 audio-taped CBT sessions from a sample of N = 64 adolescents with BED. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2650DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Preliminary validation of the Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children 2.0: A dimensional approach to scoring.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 17;26(6):605-617. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Objective: Assessment approaches for food addiction in younger samples have not been updated to reflect recently revised diagnostic approaches for addictive disorders. The aim of the current study is to develop a new dimensional approach to assess food addiction in adolescents that is psychometrically sound, developmentally appropriate, and reflective of the updated diagnostic criteria.

Methods: The dimensional Yale Food Addiction Scale for Children 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2648DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231957PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Symptoms of disordered eating among adult international adoptees: A population-based cohort study.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 18;27(3):236-246. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: There is a paucity of data on disordered eating among adoptees. The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence of symptoms of disordered eating and body image concerns among international adoptees in a large representative community survey on health-related behaviours.

Method: Combining survey data from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort and Swedish population data, adult international adoptees were compared with total participant data to assess differences in disordered eating and body dissatisfaction. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2653
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2653DOI Listing
May 2019
15 Reads

Precision psychiatry-What it means for eating disorders?

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 01 16;27(1):3-7. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Section of Eating Disorders, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2651
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2651DOI Listing
January 2019
21 Reads

Food addiction in Russian adolescents: Associations with age, sex, weight, and depression.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 15;26(6):671-676. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Institute of Physiology of Komi Science Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Syktyvkar, Russia.

Objective: Eating disorders are a cause of the recent obesity epidemic. Food addiction (FA) and factors associated with eating disorders have not been adequately studied in adolescents.

Method: The final study sample included 1,144 students. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2644
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2644DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Negative urgency and the dual pathway model of bulimic symptoms: A longitudinal analysis.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 01 15;27(1):34-48. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: This study extends the dual pathway model (DPM) of bulimic symptoms by considering the bidirectional effects amongst symptoms of depression, dietary restraint, and bulimia. We also assessed the influence of negative urgency, a personality construct associated with bulimic symptoms, on the DPM.

Method: Participants were 244 females (M  = 23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2647DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Severity of somatic symptoms in outpatients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 03 15;27(2):195-204. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Objective: Prior studies investigated objective somatic consequences of eating disorders whereas research on subjective somatic symptom severity, that is, profiles of subjective burden of somatic symptoms in patients with anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), is sparse.

Methods: Somatic symptom severity (Patient Health Questionnaire-15) was investigated in a cross-sectional consecutive sample of outpatients with AN or BN. Using regression and mediation analyses, effects of somatic symptom severity on days of sick leave during the last 2 weeks and quality of life were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2643DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Unravelling the role and mechanism of adipokine and gastrointestinal signals in animal models in the nonhomeostatic control of energy homeostasis: Implications for binge eating disorder.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 2;26(6):551-568. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Physiology, Centre for Research in Molecular Medicine and Chronic Diseases (CIMUS), University of Santiago de Compostela-Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria (IDIS), CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Central and peripheral signals regulating energy homeostasis interact tightly with neuronal pathways to modulate the hedonic component of food intake. Dysregulation of these interactions could explain the development of binge eating disorder (BED) and/or obesity and the increasing incidence of food addiction. In this review, we have highlighted the crucial role of peripheral hormones, such as leptin and ghrelin, among others, in these nonhomeostatic pathways. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2641
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2641DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Compulsive "grazing" and addictive tendencies towards food.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 26;26(6):569-573. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Evidence suggests that palatable foods can promote an addictive process akin to drugs of abuse. To date, research in the field of food addiction has focused largely on binge eating as a symptom of this condition. The present study investigated relationships between food addiction and other patterns of overeating, such as compulsive grazing-a behaviour with high relevance to bariatric surgery outcomes. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/erv.2642
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2642DOI Listing
November 2018
26 Reads

The association of serum leptin levels with food addiction is moderated by weight status in adolescent psychiatric inpatients.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 4;26(6):618-628. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Leptin is essential for the control of energy homeostasis and eating behaviour. We investigated potential associations between serum leptin levels and food addiction in adolescent psychiatric inpatients (n = 228). The most frequent psychiatric diagnoses were mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and substance use disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2637DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Body uneasiness is associated with food addiction symptoms: A cross-sectional study.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 18;26(6):638-644. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Human Sciences, European University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

The main aim of the present study was to investigate the association between food addiction (FA) symptoms and body uneasiness in a nonclinical sample, while controlling for potential confounding variables. Participants (N = 395; 123 men) were administered self-report measures assessing FA, binge eating severity, body uneasiness, depressive symptoms, emotion dysregulation and socio-demographic variables. Body uneasiness was independently associated with FA symptoms (standardized beta coefficients ranging between 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2640DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

A case series to investigate food-related fear learning and extinction using in vivo food exposure in anorexia nervosa: A clinical application of the inhibitory learning framework.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 03 10;27(2):173-181. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Section of Eating Disorders, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Objective: Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe malnutrition. This study tested the hypothesis that fear of food is a learned behaviour and evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of gradual exposure to food to improve eating behaviour in people with anorexia nervosa.

Methods: Eighteen women were recruited and completed baseline self-reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2639DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Obsessive-compulsive symptomatology in female adolescent inpatients with restrictive compared with binge-purge eating disorders.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 May 9;27(3):224-235. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Objective: Strong relationships exist between obsessive-compulsive (OC) disorder and eating disorders (EDs). The aim of the study was to investigate whether OC symptoms would be expressed differently in different ED types.

Method: Ninety-four female adolescent inpatients with restricting anorexia nervosa (AN-R), 67 with binge/purge AN (AN-B/P), and 48 with bulimia nervosa (BN) were assessed on admission and discharge using the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), Yale-Brown-Cornell Eating Disorders Scale (YBC-EDS), Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2638DOI Listing
May 2019
11 Reads

Food addiction and impaired executive functions in women with obesity.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 30;26(6):574-584. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Ciber Fisiopatologia Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Instituto Salud Carlos III, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Individuals with obesity (OB) often report suffering from addiction-like symptoms. As in addictions, deficits in executive function domains, such as decision-making and sustained attention, are found in OB. No study to date has examined the associations between food addiction, OB, and neuropsychological performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2636DOI Listing
November 2018
27 Reads

Associations between dimensions of anorexia nervosa and obsessive-compulsive disorder: An examination of personality and psychological factors in patients with anorexia nervosa.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 03 22;27(2):161-172. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Objective: Anorexia nervosa (AN) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are highly comorbid. However, the factors that account for this comorbidity are poorly understood. We examined the core dimensions of AN and OCD and psychological and personality factors shared by both disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2635DOI Listing
March 2019
19 Reads

Predictors of outcome among young adult patients with anorexia nervosa in a randomised controlled trial.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 01 9;27(1):76-85. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.

Objective: The prognosis in cases of anorexia nervosa (AN) is unsatisfactory, and it is therefore important to examine pretreatment predictors of outcome.

Methods: Female AN patients (N = 74) included in a randomised controlled trial receiving individual cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) or family-based treatment (FBT) were included. Predictors of the outcome were explored using pretreatment eating disorder psychopathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2630DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Food addiction and other addictive behaviours in bariatric surgery candidates.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2018 11 9;26(6):585-596. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Objective: The present study investigated the association between food addiction (FA) and other addictive behaviours in 216 bariatric surgery candidates (91.7% class 3 obesity; 80.1% women; age Mdn = 44. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2629DOI Listing
November 2018
24 Reads

Illness pathways between eating disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms: Understanding comorbidity with network analysis.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 03 7;27(2):147-160. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.

Eating disorders (EDs) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly comorbid. However, specific mechanisms by which PTSD-ED comorbidity is maintained are unknown. The current study constructed two PTSD-ED comorbidity networks (25 EDs and 17 PTSD symptoms) in two samples: a clinical (N = 158 individuals with an ED diagnosis) and a nonclinical sample (N = 300 college students). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2634DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361526PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Confirmatory factor analysis and psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Repetitive Eating Questionnaire: Further evidence for two distinct subtypes of grazing behaviour.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 03 2;27(2):205-211. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Objective: The Repetitive Eating Questionnaire, Rep(eat)-Q, is a 12-item self-report measure of compulsive and noncompulsive forms of grazing behaviour (i.e., eating modest amounts of food in a repetitive and unplanned manner). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2631DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

An intensive family-based treatment guided intervention for medically hospitalized youth with anorexia nervosa: Parental self-efficacy and weight-related outcomes.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 01 30;27(1):67-75. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Recent studies suggest the efficacy of family-based treatment (FBT) among youth with anorexia nervosa (AN) in intensive treatment settings. This study aimed to assess weight outcomes in youth who received an FBT intervention while hospitalized for medical complications of AN. Parental self-efficacy among participating caregivers was also measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2632DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Network analysis of specific psychopathology and psychiatric symptoms in patients with anorexia nervosa.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 01 31;27(1):24-33. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Neuroscience Department, Psychiatry Unit, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Background: Network analysis is increasingly applied to psychiatric populations to understand relationships among symptoms.

Methods: Network analysis was applied on 955 patients with anorexia nervosa (AN; 631 restricting-type [ANR] and 324 binge eating-/purging-type [ANBP]), assessed with Symptom Check-List 90 (SCL-90), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), and Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire.

Results: Depression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity (SCL-90), and ineffectiveness (EDI) had the highest centrality (strength from 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2633DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Disordered eating behaviours and autistic traits-Are there any associations in nonclinical populations? A systematic review.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 01 30;27(1):8-23. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: The objective of this study is to critically review existing literature concerning the possible association between autistic-like behaviours and problematic eating behaviours in nonclinical populations.

Method: We performed a systematic literature search in three large databases. Studies were included if they assessed any association between a broad range of autistic-like behaviours and problematic eating behaviours in nonclinical samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2627DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

The Adult Eating Behaviour Questionnaire in a bariatric surgery-seeking sample: Factor structure, convergent validity, and associations with BMI.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 01 23;27(1):97-104. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA, USA.

The aim of this study was to validate the Adult Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (AEBQ), a measure of food approach and avoidant traits, for use in bariatric surgery candidates. Participants were 337 bariatric surgery candidates in the Mid-Atlantic United States. Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that one item did not load onto its original factor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2628DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Infant feeding behaviours and attitudes to feeding amongst mothers with eating disorders: A longitudinal study.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2019 03 22;27(2):137-146. Epub 2018 Jul 22.

Behavioural and Brain Sciences Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College of London, London, UK.

This study aims to investigate breastfeeding, infant feeding behaviours, and attitudes to feeding amongst women with eating disorders (ED) and healthy controls (HC). Women with active ED (C-ED; N = 25), past ED (P-ED; N = 28), and HC (N = 46) were recruited in pregnancy and followed up longitudinally. Post-natally infant feeding behaviour was investigated at 8 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year and parental modelling at 1 and 2 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/erv.2626DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads