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    2331 results match your criteria Eumycetoma Fungal Mycetoma

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    Mycetoma-like chromoblastomycosis: a diagnostic dilemma.
    Int J Dermatol 2017 Feb 23. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India.
    Objectives: Mycetoma and chromoblastomycosis are subcutaneous fungal infections caused by pigmented fungi, common in the tropics and subtropics. Here we report a pregnant woman who presented with a swelling around the ankle joint which was clinically diagnosed as a case of mycetoma; however, further investigations revealed it to be a case of chromoblastomycosis.

    Methods: 24 year old primigravida presented with an indurated swelling around the ankle joint with multiple nodules and sinuses draining serosanguinous discharge. Read More

    Serious fungal infections in the Philippines.
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2017 Feb 21. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Education and Research Center, University Hospital of South Manchester, Southmoor Road, Manchester, M23 9LT, UK.
    The Philippines is a low middle-income, tropical country in Southeast Asia. Infectious diseases remain the main causes of morbidity, including tuberculosis. AIDS/HIV prevalence is still low at <1%, but is rapidly increasing. Read More

    1,10-Phenanthroline-5,6-Dione-Based Compounds Are Effective in Disturbing Crucial Physiological Events of Phialophora verrucosa.
    Front Microbiol 2017 30;8:76. Epub 2017 Jan 30.
    Laboratório de Taxonomia, Bioquímica e Bioprospecção de Fungos, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Phialophora verrucosa is a dematiaceous fungus able to cause chromoblastomycosis, phaeohyphomycosis and mycetoma. All these fungal diseases are extremely difficult to treat and often refractory to the current therapeutic approaches. Therefore, there is an urgent necessity to develop new antifungal agents to combat these mycoses. Read More

    Review of 21 cases of mycetoma from 1991 to 2014 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Feb 13;11(2):e0005301. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil.
    Mycetoma is caused by the subcutaneous inoculation of filamentous fungi or aerobic filamentous bacteria that form grains in the tissue. The purpose of this study is to describe the epidemiologic, clinic, laboratory, and therapeutic characteristics of patients with mycetoma at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between 1991 and 2014. Twenty-one cases of mycetoma were included in the study. Read More

    Mycetoma in a non-endemic area: a diagnostic challenge.
    BMC Clin Pathol 2017 2;17. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Departement of Pathology, Hassan II Teaching Hospital, Fès, Morocco.
    Background: Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infectious disease caused by filamentous bacteria or by fungi. The disease is endemic in certain tropical and subtropical areas of the world but can be found elsewhere posing sometimes a diagnostic challenge for clinicians.

    Case Presentation: A 65-year- old man presented with a right foot swelling evolving for 25 years. Read More


    Tenosynovitis caused by Scedosporium apiospermum infection misdiagnosed as an Alternaria species: a case report.
    BMC Infect Dis 2017 Jan 14;17(1):72. Epub 2017 Jan 14.
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Scedosporium apiospermum, which can usually be isolated from soil, polluted stream water and decaying vegetation, is increasingly recognized as an opportunistic dematiaceous fungus. The mortality rate of infection in immunocompromised hosts is over 50%. S. Read More

    [Cutaneous granular bacteriosis occurring in Staphylococcus aureus septicaemia].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2016 Dec 26. Epub 2016 Dec 26.
    Service de dermatologie, hôpital Saint-André, CHU de Bordeaux, 1, rue Jean-Burguet, 33075 Bordeaux cedex, France; Inserm U1053, équipe 3 oncogenèse des lymphomes cutanés, université de Bordeaux, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Herein we report a case of cutaneous granular bacteriosis, with discussion of the nosological setting of this entity based upon the clinical and histological findings.

    Patients And Methods: A 62-year-old woman receiving methotrexate for Sezary syndrome was admitted for fever of 38.5̊C and overall impairment of her health. Read More

    Fusarium species causing eumycetoma: Report of two cases and comprehensive review of the literature.
    Mycoses 2017 Mar 7;60(3):204-212. Epub 2016 Dec 7.
    Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
    Recently, mycetoma was added to the World Health Organization's list of neglected tropical disease priorities. Fusarium as a genus has been reported to cause eumycetoma, but little is known about the species involved in this infection and their identification. In this study, molecular tools were applied to identify Fusarium agents from human eumycetoma cases. Read More

    First Case of Actinomycetoma in France Due to a Novel Nocardia Species, Nocardia boironii sp. nov.
    mSphere 2016 Nov-Dec;1(6). Epub 2016 Nov 23.
    Research Group on Bacterial Opportunistic Pathogens and Environment, UMR 5557, Ecologie Microbienne, French Observatory of Nocardiosis, Université de Lyon, Université de Lyon, CNRS, VetAgro Sup, Lyon, France.
    Bacterial mycetoma is a neglected disease mainly observed in tropical area countries and typically associated with rural conditions, making its presence in developed countries of temperate climate areas rare. However, we report the first case of an autochthonous mycetoma case in continental France that originated from a new Nocardia species. A Gram-positive filamentous bacterium (OFN 14. Read More

    Two Cases of Chromomycosis Identified by Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis.
    Med Mycol J 2016 ;57(4):J133-J139
    Department of Dermatology, Kyorin University School of Medicine.
    Chromomycosis is an infection caused by dematiaceous fungi. These fungi belong to several genera with varied clinical presentations and parasitic forms. The disease is roughly classified into three types: chromoblastomycosis, black-grain mycetoma, and phaeohyphomycosis. Read More

    Non-dermatophyte Dermatoses Mimicking Dermatophytoses in Animals.
    Mycopathologia 2017 Feb 16;182(1-2):113-126. Epub 2016 Nov 16.
    UP Interactions Cellules Environnement, VetAgro Sup, Univ Lyon, 69280, Marcy l'Etoile, France.
    Dermatophytoses in animals are fungal diseases of the skin caused by dermatophyte fungi of the genus Microsporum or Trichophyton. Because the infection is generally follicular, the most common clinical sign is one or many circular areas of alopecia with variable erythema, scaling and crusting, and the primary differential diagnoses are follicular infections, such as bacterial folliculitis and demodicosis. Although dermatophyte folliculitis or ringworm is the most commonly observed lesion of dermatophytoses in animals, other presentations may be observed according to the host species and the dermatophyte involved: dermatophyte folliculitis or ringworm, scaling and crusting in dermatophytosis due to Microsporum persicolor, nodule in case of kerion or mycetoma, matted hairs, seborrheic dermatosis or miliary dermatitis in cats, generalized exfoliative dermatoses in dogs, cats and horses, superficial non-follicular pustules, papules and macules in the Devon Rex cat, pruritic dermatophytoses in dogs, cats and horses, and onychomycosis in dogs, cats and horses. Read More

    Predictors of Post-operative Mycetoma Recurrence Using Machine-Learning Algorithms: The Mycetoma Research Center Experience.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Oct 31;10(10):e0005007. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    The Mycetoma Research Center, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
    Post-operative recurrence in mycetoma after adequate medical and surgical treatment is common and a serious problem. It has health, socio-economic and psychological detrimental effects on patients and families. It is with this in mind, we set out to determine the predictors of post-operative recurrence in mycetoma. Read More

    PET/CT and MRI Imaging of a Eumycetoma of the Right Thigh.
    Clin Nucl Med 2017 Jan;42(1):61-63
    From the *Department of Biophysics and Nuclear Medicine, Bicêtre University Hospital, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre; and †IR4M-UMR8081, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, Orsay, France.
    Eumycetoma is a chronic tropical fungal disease that infiltrates subcutaneous tissues, mainly in the feet and legs. Standard antifungal drugs are ineffective, and mutilating surgery is common. Morphological imaging is useful for assessing the local extent of the disease before surgery. Read More

    Molecular identification of unusual Mycetoma agents isolated from patients in Venezuela.
    Mycoses 2017 Feb 21;60(2):129-135. Epub 2016 Oct 21.
    Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico.
    Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous, subcutaneous disease endemic in tropical and subtropical countries. It is currently a health problem in rural areas of Africa, Asia and South America. Nine cases of mycetoma were analysed in a retrospective study. Read More

    Hand Mycetoma: The Mycetoma Research Centre Experience and Literature Review.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Aug 2;10(8):e0004886. Epub 2016 Aug 2.
    The Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
    Mycetoma is a devastating, neglected tropical disease characterised by extensive tissue involvement resulting in destruction, deformities and disabilities in the affected patients. The hand is commonly affected by mycetoma thus compromises its functionality and hinder the patient's daily activities of living. In this communication, we report on 533 patients with hand mycetoma managed over a period of 24 years at the Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan. Read More

    Detection of (1→3)-β-d-Glucan in Eumycetoma Patients.
    J Clin Microbiol 2016 Oct 20;54(10):2614-7. Epub 2016 Jul 20.
    ErasmusMC, Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Wytemaweg 80, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Mycetoma can be caused by bacteria (actinomycetoma) or fungi (eumycetoma). Here, we demonstrated in 45 eumycetoma patients, 30 actinomycetoma patients, and 30 healthy controls that (1→3)-β-d-glucan detection in serum cannot reliably be used to discriminate between the two types of mycetoma. Read More

    Th-1, Th-2 Cytokines Profile among Madurella mycetomatis Eumycetoma Patients.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Jul 19;10(7):e0004862. Epub 2016 Jul 19.
    Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
    Eumycetoma is a progressive and destructive chronic granulomatous subcutaneous inflammatory disease caused by certain fungi, the most common being Madurella mycetomatis. The host defence mechanisms against fungi usually range from an early non-specific immune response to activation and induction of specific adaptive immune responses by the production of Th-1 and Th-2 cytokines. The aim of this study is to determine the levels of Th-1 and Th-2 cytokines in patients infected with Madurella mycetomatis, and the association between their levels and disease prognosis. Read More

    Identification by Molecular Methods and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry and Antifungal Susceptibility Profiles of Clinically Significant Rare Aspergillus Species in a Referral Chest Hospital in Delhi, India.
    J Clin Microbiol 2016 Sep 13;54(9):2354-64. Epub 2016 Jul 13.
    Department of Medical Mycology, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
    Aspergillus species cause a wide spectrum of clinical infections. Although Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus flavus remain the most commonly isolated species in aspergillosis, in the last decade, rare and cryptic Aspergillus species have emerged in diverse clinical settings. The present study analyzed the distribution and in vitro antifungal susceptibility profiles of rare Aspergillus species in clinical samples from patients with suspected aspergillosis in 8 medical centers in India. Read More

    Sinonasal Fungal Infections and Complications: A Pictorial Review.
    J Clin Imaging Sci 2016 14;6:23. Epub 2016 Jun 14.
    Department of Radiology and Imaging, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA.
    Fungal infections of the nose and paranasal sinuses can be categorized into invasive and non-invasive forms. The clinical presentation and course of the disease is primarily determined by the immune status of the host and can range from harmless or subtle presentations to life threatening complications. Invasive fungal infections are categorized into acute, chronic or chronic granulomatous entities. Read More

    Cutaneous Involvement in the Deep Mycoses: A Literature Review. Part I-Subcutaneous Mycoses.
    Actas Dermosifiliogr 2016 Dec 30;107(10):806-815. Epub 2016 Jun 30.
    Departamento de Dermatología, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    The deep mycoses are uncommon in our setting. These fungal infections occur mainly in immunosuppressed patients or in tropical climates, and include subcutaneous infections and systemic infections. The skin is always involved in the former. Read More

    Genomic Changes Associated with the Loss of Nocardia brasiliensis Virulence in Mice after 200 In Vitro Passages.
    Infect Immun 2016 Sep 19;84(9):2595-606. Epub 2016 Aug 19.
    Laboratorio Interdisciplinario de Investigación Dermatológica, Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Universitario, U.A.N.L., Monterrey, Mexico
    Nocardia species, particularly Nocardia brasiliensis, are etiologic agents of mycetoma, a chronic subcutaneous infection. Until now, little has been known about the pathogenic mechanisms involved in nocardial infection. Traditionally, subculture in rich media has been a simple way to induce attenuation. Read More

    The Surgical Treatment of Mycetoma.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Jun 23;10(6):e0004690. Epub 2016 Jun 23.
    Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
    Surgical intervention is an integral component in the diagnosis and management of mycetoma. Surgical treatment is indicated for small, localised lesions and massive lesions to reduce the mycetoma load and to enable better response to medical therapy. It is also a life-saving procedure in patients with massive disease and sepsis. Read More

    Subcutaneous Phaeohyphomycosis Caused by Pyrenochaeta romeroi in a Rheumatoid Arthritis Patient: A Case Report with Review of the Literature.
    Mycopathologia 2016 Oct 10;181(9-10):735-43. Epub 2016 Jun 10.
    Department of Pathology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Pyrenochaeta romeroi is a rare fungal agent of chronic, suppurative subcutaneous infections leading to mycetoma. It is an unusual cause of deep, non-mycetomatous infections. We herein present review of the literature along with a case of 61-year-old Indian female with rheumatoid arthritis who developed subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Pyrenochaeta romeroi. Read More

    [Mycetoma and their treatment].
    J Mycol Med 2016 Jun 31;26(2):77-85. Epub 2016 May 31.
    Service de parasitologie-mycologie, hôpital Saint-Antoine, 184, rue du Faubourg-Saint-Antoine, 75012 Paris, France. Electronic address:
    Mycetoma are chronic subcutaneous infections, endemic in dry tropical regions. It can be caused either by actinomycetes or by fungi, presenting as filamentous grains in vivo. The foot is the most common localization. Read More

    Role of a NSAID in the apparent cure of a fungal mycetoma.
    J Mycol Med 2016 Jun 24;26(2):86-93. Epub 2016 May 24.
    Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, 75013 Paris, France.
    Unlabelled: We report the case of a fungal mycetoma due to Madurella mycetomatis that failed to respond to surgery and antifungal treatment but responded strongly to the addition of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). This African patient was born in Mauritania in 1972. He was a herdsman, living close to the Senegal River. Read More

    Genome Sequence of Madurella mycetomatis mm55, Isolated from a Human Mycetoma Case in Sudan.
    Genome Announc 2016 May 26;4(3). Epub 2016 May 26.
    Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    We present the first genome sequence for a strain of the main mycetoma causative agent, Madurella mycetomatis This 36.7-Mb genome sequence will offer new insights into the pathogenesis of mycetoma, and it will contribute to the development of better therapies for this neglected tropical disease. Read More

    Use of immunoblotting in testing Madurella mycetomatis specific antigen.
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2016 May;110(5):312-6
    Mycetoma Research Centre, Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan.
    Background: Though serodiagnosis of actinomycetoma is established, that of eumycetoma due to Madurella mycetomatis is limited because of lack of pure antigen. Reliable rapid tests are needed to make an accurate timely diagnosis. The purpose of this study is to detect antigen parts of M. Read More

    Madura foot in Europe: diagnosis of an autochthonous case by molecular approach and review of the literature.
    New Microbiol 2016 Apr;39(2):156-9
    Infectious and Tropical Diseases Unit, Careggi Hospital, Florence, Italy.
    Madura foot is a chronic granulomatous infection of the soft-tissue of the foot and it is endemic in tropical and subtropical countries. Some cases have also been reported in local people or migrants in temperate countries. The microbiological diagnosis requires prolonged bacterial cultures in aerobic and anaerobic conditions, but the use of the molecular approach could be helpful for an early and rapid diagnosis. Read More

    Imaging Manifestations of Thoracic Tuberculosis.
    Radiol Clin North Am 2016 May;54(3):453-73
    Department of Radiology, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, Mail Code 7800, San Antonio, TX 78229-3900, USA.
    Despite significant improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis achieved during the last 3 decades, tuberculosis still remains one of the deadliest communicable diseases worldwide. Tuberculosis is still present in all regions of the world, with a more significant impact in developing countries. This article reviews the most common imaging manifestations of primary and postprimary tuberculosis, their complications, and the critical role of imaging in the diagnosis and follow-up of affected patients. Read More

    Novel Taxa Associated with Human Fungal Black-Grain Mycetomas: Emarellia grisea gen. nov., sp. nov., and Emarellia paragrisea sp. nov.
    J Clin Microbiol 2016 Jul 13;54(7):1738-45. Epub 2016 Apr 13.
    PHE Mycology Reference Laboratory, Bristol, United Kingdom.
    Eumycetoma is a debilitating, chronic, fungal infection that is endemic in India, Indonesia, and parts of Africa and South and Central America. It remains a neglected tropical disease in need of international recognition. Infections follow traumatic implantation of saprophytic fungi and frequently require radical surgery or amputation in the absence of appropriate treatment. Read More

    Aspergillus Mycetoma Causing Epiphora and Ipsilateral Facial Pain.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Apr 4. Epub 2016 Apr 4.
    *Oculoplastic, Facial Cosmetic & Orbital Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, †Section of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, and ‡Department of Otolaryngology, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, U.S.A.
    Tearing is a frequently encountered chief complaint in an ophthalmologist's office. Certain associated atypical symptoms may warrant further workup. The authors present a case of a patient presenting with painful tearing which elicited further evaluation with CT imaging. Read More

    Mycetoma Caused by Acremonium Species in a Patient with Chronic Granulomatous Disease.
    Case Reports Immunol 2016 28;2016:3209493. Epub 2016 Feb 28.
    Department of Immunology, Heartlands Hospital, Bordesley Green East, Birmingham B9 5SS, UK.
    Patients with chronic granulomatous disease are predisposed to fungal infections and are therefore routinely prescribed antifungal prophylaxis. We report a case where acremonium was responsible for causing a cutaneous infection (mycetoma) despite antifungal prophylaxis. Treatment with voriconazole was initiated and the infection gradually resolved. Read More

    Successful living-donor liver transplantation after treatment of sinus aspergillosis by endoscopic mycetoma removal and sinus drainage.
    Surg Case Rep 2015 Dec 12;1(1):29. Epub 2015 Mar 12.
    Department of Surgery, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8, Nishi-Shinbashi, Minato-ku, 105-8461, Tokyo, Japan.
    A 47-year-old female was admitted to our hospital for treatment of end-stage liver disease due to primary biliary cirrhosis. Preoperative routine nasal sinus magnetic resonance imaging revealed diffuse inflammatory mucosal hyperplasia of the right maxillary sinus and mycetoma without invasive fungal sinusitis. Aspergillus antigen was positive. Read More

    Eyelid Mycetoma Masquerading as Sebaceous Carcinoma.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Feb 12. Epub 2016 Feb 12.
    *Henry C. Witelson Ocular Pathology Laboratory, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; †Pathology Department, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile; ‡Ophthalmology Department, and §Departments of Medicine, Microbiology and Immunology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    A 56-year-old Asian woman presented with an upper eyelid mass. The lesion was exposed after eversion of the eyelid revealing a thickened tarsus with yellowish areas. Working diagnosis was sebaceous carcinoma. Read More

    Microbial yield from physiotherapy assisted sputum production in respiratory outpatients.
    BMC Pulm Med 2016 Feb 2;16:23. Epub 2016 Feb 2.
    The National Aspergillosis Centre, ERC, 2nd floor, University Hospital South Manchester, Southmoor Road, Manchester, M23 9LT, UK.
    Background: Sputum is a key diagnostic sample for those with chronic chest conditions including chronic and allergic aspergillus-related disease, but often not obtained in clinic. The objective of this study was to evaluate physiotherapeutic interventions to obtain sputum from those not able to spontaneously produce and the subsequent microbiological result.

    Methods: Sputum samples were collected by physiotherapists from patients attending routine outpatient clinics managing their aspergillus-related diseases who were unable to spontaneously produce. Read More

    Interstitial Lung Disease in Systemic Scleroderma, Complicated with Bilateral Pulmonary Aspergilloma: An Unusual Association.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2015 Dec 1;9(12):OD11-3. Epub 2015 Dec 1.
    Demonstrator, Department of Pathology, Midnapore Medical College & Hospital , Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India .
    Aspergilloma or mycetoma is a saprophytic fungal infection that colonizes pre-existing excavated lung lesion. However, its association with systemic sclerosis related interstitial lung disease is unusual and scarcely found in literature. We report a middle aged female with long standing systemic sclerosis, who was on immunosuppressive therapy for many years, presented with repeated haemoptysis. Read More

    Mycetoma: a unique neglected tropical disease.
    Lancet Infect Dis 2016 Jan;16(1):100-12
    Mycetoma Research Center, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
    Mycetoma can be caused by bacteria (actinomycetoma) or fungi (eumycetoma) and typically affects poor communities in remote areas. It is an infection of subcutaneous tissues resulting in mass and sinus formation and a discharge that contains grains. The lesion is usually on the foot but all parts of the body can be affected. Read More

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