296,309 results match your criteria Ethnicity & Disease[Journal]


Evaluating the properties of a frailty index and its association with mortality risk among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine and Department of Pathology, Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Center and Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Objective: To evaluate the properties of a frailty index (FI), constructed using data from the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) inception cohort, as a novel health measure in SLE.

Methods: For this secondary analysis, the baseline visit was defined as the first study visit at which both organ damage (SLICC/ACR Damage Index [SDI]) and health-related quality of life (Short-Form 36 [SF-36]) were assessed. The SLICC-FI was constructed using baseline data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/art.40859DOI Listing
February 2019

Variations in Gambling Disorder Symptomatology Across Sexual Identity Among College Student-Athletes.

J Gambl Stud 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, International Centre for Youth Gambling Problems and High-Risk Behaviors, McGill University, 3724 McTavish Street, Montreal, QC, H3A 1Y2, Canada.

Gambling disorder has serious negative consequences for individual health and wellbeing, while being more prevalent among college student-athletes compared to the general college population. While previous research reports that sexual minority (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-019-09838-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Sexual and ethnic polymorphism render prosthetic overhang and under-coverage inevitable using off-the shelf TKA implants.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Laboratoire AMIS, UMR 5288 CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France.

Purpose: Unexplained pain and stiffness after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) often result from mismatch between implant geometry and knee morphology, which depends on patient size, sex, and ethnicity. This study aimed to determine whether size, sex, or ethnicity are independently associated with distal femoral morphology in healthy Caucasian and Asian knees, and to compare anatomic ratios to those of commercially available TKA implants.

Methods: Two series of computed tomography (CT) angiograms from France (264 knees) and China (259 knees) were used to digitize osteometric landmarks at the level of the femoral epicondyles, to measure anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) dimensions at the anterior, posterior, medial, and lateral zones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05410-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Improvements cardiometabolic risk factors in Latin American Amerindians (the Mapuche) with concurrent training.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Education department of La Unión city, Chile.

Our aim was to investigate the effects of 12-weeks of CT (i.e., high-intensity interval and resistance training) in Mapuche adults from Chile and in their peers of European descent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.13409DOI Listing
February 2019

Philadelphia Telemedicine Glaucoma Detection and Follow-up Study: confirmation between eye screening and comprehensive eye examination diagnoses.

Br J Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Glaucoma Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Aims: To evaluate agreement between ocular findings of a telemedicine eye screening (visit 1) with diagnoses of a comprehensive eye examination (visit 2).

Methods: A primary care practice (PCP)-based telemedicine screening programme incorporating fundus photography, intraocular pressure (IOP) and clinical information was conducted. Eligible individuals were African American, Hispanic/Latino or Asian over the age of 40; Caucasian individuals over age 65; and adults of any ethnicity over age 40 with a family history of glaucoma or diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2018-313451DOI Listing
February 2019

The changing epidemiology of congenital hypothyroidism: fact or artifact?

Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2014 Jul 16;9(4):387-395. Epub 2014 May 16.

a Endocrinology Service and Research Center, Sainte-Justine Hospital, Montreal, Canada.

Screening increases prevalence estimates for most diseases and congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is no exception, affecting one in 6700 children by clinical ascertainment and one in 3500 in the first surveys of systematic biochemical screening of newborns. Importantly, screening has resulted in the disappearance of intellectual disability due to CH. A further doubling in prevalence estimates has recently been reported, mostly accounted for by changes in screening algorithms; accordingly, the prevalence of overt CH has remained stable. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/17446651.2014.911083DOI Listing

Barriers to Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant for Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus 1 associated Adult T-Cell Lymphoma-Leukemia in the United States: Experience from a large cohort in a major tertiary center.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Medical Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine - Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY; Department of Medicine, Division of HOT, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. Electronic address:

In the United States (U.S.), Adult T-Cell Lymphoma-Leukemia (ATLL) carries a dismal prognosis and mainly affects immigrants from Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus 1 (HTLV-1) endemic areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Keratoconus at a molecular level: a review.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 3BZ, UK.

Keratoconus is the most common ectatic disease of the cornea. The disease is usually detected between ages 15 and 25. Incidence is estimated at 1 out of every 2000 individuals, with some specific ethnic groups being more at risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.24090DOI Listing
February 2019

Association between primary language, a lack of mammographic screening, and later stage breast cancer presentation.

Cancer 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.

Background: Health determinants are known to influence the stage of breast cancer presentation, but it is unclear to what extent language affects stage. This study investigates whether non-English-speaking (NES) patients present at a later stage than their English-speaking (ES) counterparts and whether language is associated with mammographic screening.

Methods: This study was a retrospective, single-institution cohort analysis of women undergoing breast radiotherapy from 2012 to 2017 (n = 1057). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32027DOI Listing
February 2019

Patterns and clinical consequences of discontinuing HIV preexposure prophylaxis during primary care.

J Int AIDS Soc 2019 Feb;22(2):e25250

Division of Infectious Disease, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: Discontinuations of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by at-risk individuals could decrease the effectiveness of PrEP. Our objective was to characterize patterns of, reasons for, and clinical outcomes associated with PrEP discontinuations in primary care.

Methods: We conducted medical chart reviews for patients prescribed PrEP during 2011 to 2014 at a Boston community health centre specializing in healthcare for sexual and gender minorities. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jia2.25250
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jia2.25250DOI Listing
February 2019
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Ethnic Differences in Referral Routes to Youth Mental Health Services.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, UK.

Objective: To examine whether there are ethnic differences in referral route to youth mental health services.

Method: This was an analysis of national routinely collected data from N = 14,588 young people (mean [SD] age = 12.28(3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.07.906DOI Listing
January 2019

Association Between Self-rated Health, Coronary Artery Calcium Scores, and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Feb 1;2(2):e188023. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Heart Disease, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Importance: The interplay of self-rated health (SRH), coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores, and cardiovascular risk is poorly described.

Objectives: To assess the degree of correlation between SRH and CAC, to determine whether these measures are complementary for risk prediction, and to assess the incremental value of the addition of SRH to established risk tools.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) is a large population-based prospective cohort study of adults aged 45 to 84 years who were recruited from 6 US communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.8023DOI Listing
February 2019

Do ethnic inequalities in multimorbidity reflect ethnic differences in socioeconomic status? The HELIUS study.

Eur J Public Health 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Public Health, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam Public Health (APH) Research Institute, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: The burden of multimorbidity is likely higher in ethnic minority populations, as most individual diseases are more prevalent in minority groups. However, information is scarce. We examined ethnic inequalities in multimorbidity, and investigated to what extent they reflect differences in socioeconomic status (SES). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckz012DOI Listing
February 2019

Vitamin D status in a multi-ethnic population of northern Norway: the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Feb 15:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

1Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences,UiT The Arctic University of Norway,Postboks 6050 Langnes 9037,Tromsø,Norway.

Objective: To investigate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (S-25(OH)D) concentration in a multi-ethnic population of northern Norway and determine predictors of S-25(OH)D, including Sami ethnicity.

Design: Cross-sectional data from the second survey of the Population-based Study on Health and Living Conditions in Regions with Sami and Norwegian Populations (the SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey, 2012-2014). S-25(OH)D was measured by the IDS-iSYS 25-Hydroxy Vitamin Dˢ assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018003816DOI Listing
February 2019

Changes in outpatient antibiotic utilization, 2000-2016: More people are receiving fewer antibiotics.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Population Medicine,Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute,Boston, Massachusetts.

We examined annual outpatient antibiotic dispensings within a health insurance plan covering ∼970,000 members per year during 2000-2016. The proportion of members with antibiotic dispensings decreased from 33.3% in 2000 to 25. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.341DOI Listing
February 2019

Consideration of Factors Influencing Weight Outcomes among U.S. Racial-Ethnic Minority Populations in the Social Work Literature.

Soc Work Public Health 2019 Feb 15:1-18. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

c Department of Pediatrics , Metropolitan Hospital Oregon , New York , New York , USA.

Objective: This study explores the social work profession's empirical contribution to addressing factors influencing overweight and obesity outcomes among racial-ethnic minority populations in the United States. The high prevalence of obesity in U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2019.1575309DOI Listing
February 2019

Decoding Nonadherence to Hypertensive Medication in New York City: A Population Segmentation Approach.

J Prim Care Community Health 2019 Jan-Dec;10:2150132719829311

1 The New York Academy of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: Nearly one-third of adults in New York City (NYC) have high blood pressure and many social, economic, and behavioral factors may influence nonadherence to antihypertensive medication. The objective of this study is to identify profiles of adults who are not taking antihypertensive medications despite being advised to do so.

Methods: We used a machine learning-based population segmentation approach to identify population profiles related to nonadherence to antihypertensive medication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2150132719829311DOI Listing
February 2019

Postpartum depression prevalence and risk factors among Indigenous, non-Indigenous and immigrant women in Canada.

Can J Public Health 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Centre for Urban Health Solutions, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Canada.

Objectives: The social position of different minority groups in contemporary societies suggests different risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD). In this study, we used two cut-offs of the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) to examine prevalence and risk factors for PPD among mothers participating in the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), and to compare Indigenous, Canadian-born non-Indigenous and immigrant mothers.

Methods: We used cross-sectional nationwide data from the 2006 MES (unweighted N = 6237, weighted N = 74,231) and conducted multivariate logistic regression models for EPDS ≥ 10 and EPDS ≥ 13 to explore risk factors for the total sample of mothers and in each study group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17269/s41997-019-00182-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Influence of Asian Ethnicities on Short- and Mid-term Outcomes Following Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy.

Obes Surg 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of General Surgery, National University Health System, 1E, Kent Ridge Road, Singapore, 119228, Singapore.

Purpose: Prevalence of obesity in Asia has been on the increasing trend, with corresponding increase in utilisation of bariatric surgery. The objective of this study was to examine differences in weight loss outcomes following bariatric surgery between Asian ethnicities.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective database review was conducted of patients undergoing primary laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy between 2009 and 2013 in 14 centres from Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, India, Australia, Switzerland, and the USA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-019-03716-8DOI Listing
February 2019
3.747 Impact Factor

Effectiveness and Safety of Micafungin in Managing Invasive Fungal Infections among Patients in Greece with Hematologic Disorders: The ASPIRE Study.

Infect Dis Ther 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

University General Hospital of Larissa, Larissa, Greece.

Introduction: Invasive candidiasis (IC) can be a life-threatening infection in immunocompromised patients, particularly those with cancer, hematologic diseases and/or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of micafungin in patients with hematologic malignancies or HSCT recipients, relevant to clinical presentation of IC, in real-life practice in Greece.

Methods: ASPIRE was a phase IV, multicenter, non-interventional, prospective cohort study, conducted at ten tertiary hospitals in Greece, in adults with hematologic disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40121-019-0236-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of Ethnicity-Specific Hepatic Microsomal Scaling Factor, Liver Weight, and Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 Content on Physiologically Based Prediction of CYP1A2-Mediated Pharmacokinetics in Young and Elderly Chinese Adults.

Clin Pharmacokinet 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, 1345 Center Drive, P3-27, Gainesville, FL, 32610-0494, USA.

Background: The vast majority of physiological and biological data required for physiologically based predictions are primarily available in Caucasians rather than other ethnic populations, which leads to a lack of confidence in the application of physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling for ethnicity-specific prediction of pharmacokinetics in the Chinese population.

Objectives: In this study we recalibrate the system parameters of Chinese-specific PBPK modeling and explore for the first time the relative importance of ethnicity-specific microsomal protein per gram of liver (MPPGL), liver weight, and cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 abundance to the projection of drug disposition mediated by CYP1A2 in young and elderly Chinese adults.

Methods: Chinese MPPGL levels and associated variability were parameterized and incorporated for the first time into ethnicity-specific PBPK models for the Chinese adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40262-019-00737-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Development of Hepatic Steatosis After Chemotherapy for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma.

Hepatol Commun 2019 Feb 28;3(2):220-226. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

Liver and Energy Metabolism Unit, Liver Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases National Institutes of Health Bethesda MD.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common liver disorder in the developed world. Although typically reflecting caloric overload, it can also be secondary to drug toxicity. We aimed to describe the incidence and risk factors for steatosis during chemotherapy for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep4.1304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357828PMC
February 2019

The Association Between Risk Behaviors and Race/Ethnicity on Dental Visiting Among High School Students in Hawai'i: Hawai'i Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 2013, 2015.

Hawaii J Med Public Health 2019 Feb;78(2):44-51

Health Resource and Services Administration, Graduate Student Epidemiology Program; Rockville, MD (AE).

Risk behaviors are known to adversely affect health outcomes, but the relationship between youth risk behaviors and oral health remains unclear. The objective of this study is to examine the likelihood of dental visiting among Hawai'i public high school students by demographic factors and number of adverse risk behaviors. Aggregated 2013 and 2015 Hawai'i public high school Youth Risk and Behavior Survey (YRBS) data was analyzed from 10,720 students. Read More

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February 2019

Undesirable stressful life events, impact, and correlates during midlife: observations from the Seattle midlife women's health study.

Womens Midlife Health 2019 3;5. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

3Biobehavioral Nursing and Health Informatics, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Purpose: To examine the undesirable stressful life events midlife women experience, including: 1) which life events midlife women reported most frequently; 2) which life events women rated as most undesirable; and 3) whether age, years of education, income, employment, race/ethnicity, marital status, being a parent, and the menopausal transition stage were associated with the impact scores of the life event categories.

Background: In addition to the menopausal transition, midlife is a time of increased responsibilities for women related to multiple roles such as taking care of children, caring for elderly parents, managing households, and working outside the home. These multiple roles put midlife women at risk for increased stress with little time for themselves in order to relieve stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40695-018-0045-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318955PMC
January 2019

Neighborhood disorder, exposure to violence, and perceived discrimination in relation to symptoms in midlife women.

Womens Midlife Health 2018 19;4:14. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

3Department of Anthropology, UMass Amherst, Amherst, MA USA.

Background: Some symptoms at midlife are associated with stress, such as hot flashes, trouble sleeping, headaches, or depressed mood. Hot flashes have been studied in relation to laboratory stressors, physiological biomarkers, and self-reported stress, but less is known about hot flashes in relation to the larger context of women's lives. This study examined the risk of symptoms in relation to neighborhood disorder, exposure to neighborhood violence, social cohesion and perceived discrimination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40695-018-0043-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297945PMC
October 2018

The effects of age and ethnicity on the circadian variation of catecholamines and cortisol in employed women.

Authors:
Gary D James

Womens Midlife Health 2018 28;4:10. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University-SUNY, Binghamton, NY 13902 USA.

Background: Women employed outside the home in urban settings must adapt to changing circadian microenvironments. The pattern and extent of vasoactive hormone responses to these changes may depend upon age and ethnic background. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of age and ethnicity on the circadian variation of urinary norepinephrine, epinephrine, and cortisol excretion across work, home and sleep microenvironments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40695-018-0040-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298005PMC

Stress and the menopausal transition in Campeche, Mexico.

Womens Midlife Health 2018 18;4. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

4Department of Anthropology, University of Hawai'i at Hilo, Hilo, HI USA.

Background: Stress has been implicated as a factor in the presence and severity of symptoms during the menopausal transition. Our primary aim was to test the hypothesis that stress-sensitive biological measures and self-reported stress would be positively associated with a greater likelihood and intensity of hot flashes. Our secondary aim was to examine measures of stress in relation to the most often reported symptoms in Campeche, Mexico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40695-018-0038-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6298015PMC

Association between ACE gene I/D polymorphism and knee osteoarthritis in a Chinese population.

Biosci Rep 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou, China

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterized by joint destruction with cartilage loss and occasional gross derangement of joint integrity. In recent years, several studies have reported the association between angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism and knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, the results were conflicting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BSR20181713DOI Listing
February 2019

Suboptimal Nocturnal Glucose Control Is Associated With Large for Gestational Age in Treated Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Diabetes Care 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Division of Clinical and Population Sciences, Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, U.K.

Objective: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) provides far greater detail about fetal exposure to maternal glucose across the 24-h day. Our aim was to examine the role of temporal glucose variation on the development of large for gestational age (LGA) infants in women with treated gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Research Design And Methods: We performed a prospective observational study of 162 pregnant women with GDM in specialist multidisciplinary antenatal diabetes clinics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc18-2212DOI Listing
February 2019

Compared to Pre-prepared Meals, Fully and Partly Home-Cooked Meals in Diverse Families with Young Children Are More Likely to Include Nutritious Ingredients.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Background: Interest in initiatives that promote home cooking has been increasing, but no studies have examined whether home cooking is associated with dietary quality using longitudinal data on meals served in a diverse sample of families.

Objective: The present study examined data on multiple meals per family in diverse households to determine whether home-cooked meals are more likely to contain nutritious ingredients than pre-prepared meals.

Design: Data for the study came from the National Institutes of Health-funded Family Matters Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2018.12.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Utilizing a Board Game to Measure Family/Parenting Factors and Childhood Obesity Risk.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN.

Objective: To describe a direct observational approach (ie, interactive family board game) to measure family functioning and parenting behaviors of relevance to child weight and weight-related behaviors and to examine family functioning and parenting factors from multiple family dyads (eg, siblings, parent-child) and their associations with child weight and weight-related behaviors.

Design: Cross-sectional, mixed-methods study.

Setting: Two home visits were conducted with families 10 days apart with a 7-day observational period between home visits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Development and evaluation of a quality of life measurement scale in English and Chinese for family caregivers of patients with advanced cancers.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2019 Feb 14;17(1):35. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: The quality of life of family caregivers of patients with advanced cancers is an important concern in oncology care. Yet, there are few suitable measurement scales available for use in Asia. This study aims to develop and evaluate a locally derived measurement scale in English and Chinese to assess the quality of life of family caregivers of patients with advanced cancers in Singapore. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12955-019-1108-yDOI Listing
February 2019

Association of vitamin D receptor gene variants with polycystic ovary syndrome: a meta-analysis.

BMC Med Genet 2019 Feb 14;20(1):32. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Zhejiang Hospital, Department of nutrition, Hangzhou, 310013, Zhejiang Province, China.

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in reproductive-age women. Multiple susceptible gene as well as environmental factors and their interaction each other are contributed to the PCOS risk. Several case-control studies have researched the associations of the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) polymorphisms with PCOS susceptibility, but the jury is still out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12881-019-0763-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of Patient Characteristics on Medication Adherence among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-sectional Survey.

Contemp Nurse 2019 Feb 15:1-23. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

f Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences , Universiti Putra Malaysia , 43400 Serdang , Selangor , Malaysia . Contact No: 603- 8947 2419, Email address:

Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is steadily increasing worldwide, with a significant DM population in Asian countries. Adherence to medications is important to achieve good glycaemic control among patients with DM. Thus, patients' adherence to their medication regimen should be determined to optimise DM management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10376178.2019.1583067DOI Listing
February 2019

Differences in Prenatal Tobacco Exposure Patterns among 13 Race/Ethnic Groups in California.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 5;16(3). Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Environmental Health Investigations Branch, California Department of Public Health (CDPH), Richmond, CA 94804, USA.

Prenatal tobacco exposure is a significant, preventable cause of childhood morbidity, yet little is known about exposure risks for many race/ethnic subpopulations. We studied active smoking and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in a population-based cohort of 13 racially/ethnically diverse pregnant women: white, African American, Hispanic, Native American, including nine Asian/Pacific Islander subgroups: Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Filipino, Cambodian, Vietnamese, Laotian, Samoan, and Asian Indians (N = 3329). Using the major nicotine metabolite, cotinine, as an objective biomarker, we analyzed mid-pregnancy serum from prenatal screening banked in 1999⁻2002 from Southern California in an effort to understand differences in tobacco exposure patterns by race/ethnicity, as well as provide a baseline for future work to assess secular changes and longer-term health outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030458DOI Listing
February 2019

Development and Validation of a Preliminary Measure of African American Women's Gender Role Beliefs.

J Black Psychol 2016 Aug;42(4):320-342

U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD, USA.

Gender role beliefs of African American women differ from those of women in other ethnic/racial groups and a culturally valid measure of their gender role beliefs is needed. Three studies were conducted to develop a preliminary measure. In Study 1, focus groups were conducted with a community and college sample of 44 African American women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0095798415576614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369688PMC

Prenatal vaccination of mothers and hepatitis B vaccination of their infants.

Prev Med 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Women's Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd., Galveston, TX 77555-0587, USA. Electronic address:

Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination and influenza vaccination are recommended during pregnancy primarily to prevent influenza and pertussis in mothers and their infants. This study examines associations between prenatal Tdap vaccination and influenza vaccination of mothers and hepatitis B vaccination of their infants. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from electronic medical records from 15,468 deliveries to 14,925 mothers occurring April 2, 2014-December 3, 2016 at a university hospital in Texas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.02.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparison of Biphasic vs Static Oxygen Saturation Targets Among Infants With Retinopathy of Prematurity.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.

Importance: The Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Pulse Oximetry Randomized Trial (SUPPORT) demonstrated that static low oxygen saturation decreased retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) but increased mortality compared with static high oxygen saturation cohorts.

Objective: To compare outcomes of a biphasic oxygen protocol with static targets recommended by SUPPORT.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Retrospective cohort study comparing biphasic vs static standards 41 months prior to and 42 months after a change from biphasic to static SUPPORT standards at a level III neonatal intensive care unit (Fairview Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.7021DOI Listing
February 2019

Racial and ethnic disparities in medication adherence among privately insured patients in the United States.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(2):e0212117. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Pharmaceutical & Health Economics, USC School of Pharmacy, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.

Objective: To examine the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and racial and ethnic disparities in medication adherence for three widely prescribed therapeutic classes.

Methods: We linked longitudinal claims data from a large US-based insurance provider (2011-2013) to detailed SES information to identify patients treated with oral antidiabetic (N = 56,720), antihypertensive (N = 156,468) or antihyperlipidemic (N = 144,673) medications. We measured adherence and discontinuation by therapeutic class, and conducted regression analysis to quantify the contributions of different factors in the association between race/ethnicity and medication adherence. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212117PLOS
February 2019

Effects of angiotensin converting enzyme gene polymorphism on hypertension in Africa: A meta-analysis and systematic review.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(2):e0211054. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

School of Pharmacy, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya Univeristy, Harar, Ethiopia.

Background: Hypertension is dramatically increasing in Africa with evidence of increased severity and resistance to treatment. Although angiotensin converting enzyme gene polymorphism is associated with higher prevalence of hypertension, the evidence is inconclusive on its influence on the emerging pattern in Africa. This meta-analysis is conducted to pool the available evidence to inform future research and interventions. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211054PLOS
February 2019

Vital Signs: Tobacco Product Use Among Middle and High School Students - United States, 2011-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Feb 15;68(6):157-164. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Introduction: Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States; nearly all tobacco product use begins during youth and young adulthood.

Methods: CDC, the Food and Drug Administration, and the National Cancer Institute analyzed data from the 2011-2018 National Youth Tobacco Surveys to estimate tobacco product use among U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6806e1DOI Listing
February 2019

The Influence of Tobacco Retailer Density and Poverty on Tobacco Use in a Densely Populated Urban Environment.

Public Health Rep 2019 Feb 14:33354918824330. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

4 Department of Population Health, New York University, New York, NY, USA.

Objectives:: Researchers have identified associations between neighborhood-level factors (eg, income level, tobacco retailer density) and smoking behavior, but few studies have assessed these factors in urban environments. We explored the effect of tobacco retailer density, neighborhood poverty, and housing type (multiunit and public) on smoking in a large urban environment (New York City).

Methods:: We used data on smoking prevalence and individual sociodemographic characteristics from the 2011-2013 New York City Community Health Survey, data on tobacco retailers from the 2012 New York City Department of Consumer Affairs, data on neighborhood sociodemographic characteristics and population density from the 2009-2013 American Community Survey, and data on multiunit and public housing from the 2012 New York City Primary Land Use Tax Lot Output data set. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0033354918824330DOI Listing
February 2019

Ageing profiles of Caucasian and Chinese cohorts - focus on hands skin.

Int J Cosmet Sci 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Oriflame Skin Research Institute, Oriflame Cosmetics AB, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: In spite of hand care being a dynamic segment of skin care, hands skin physiology has been receiving little attention in comparison to facial skin. In the present study, we aimed at gathering a comprehensive set of skin data from the dorsal part of the hand to study age related-changes in two ethnic groups (Caucasian and Chinese).

Methods: Skin topographic, skin colour/colour heterogeneities, skin chromophores and skin biophysical measurements of 116 Caucasian and Chinese female volunteers aged 30-65 years old were collected in Ireland and in China as part of a cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ics.12514DOI Listing
February 2019

Addressing adverse childhood experiences in diverse racial and ethnic settings: a review.

Curr Opin Pediatr 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Cohen Children's Medical Center, Northwell Health Solutions, New York, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This article reviews the current literature on adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with particular focus on racial and ethnic factors.

Recent Findings: Limited research exists with respect to ACEs and certain racial and ethnic groups. In this article, we highlight the unique challenges specific populations may face in their lives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0000000000000748DOI Listing
February 2019

Can Patients Forecast Their Postoperative Disability and Pain?

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2019 Mar;477(3):635-643

A. Alokozai, S. L. Eppler, L. Y. Lu, N. Sheikholeslami, R. N. Kamal, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University, Redwood City, CA, USA.

Background: Forecasting is a construct in which experiences and beliefs inform a projection of future outcomes. Current efforts to predict postoperative patient-reported outcome measures such as risk-stratifying models, focus on studying patient, surgeon, or facility variables without considering the mindset of the patient. There is no evidence assessing the association of a patient's forecasted postoperative disability with realized postoperative disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CORR.0000000000000627DOI Listing

Perivascular spaces and their associations with risk factors, clinical disorders and neuroimaging features: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Stroke 2019 Feb 14:1747493019830321. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 Department of Neuroimaging Sciences, Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences and Edinburgh Imaging, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: Perivascular spaces, visible on brain magnetic resonance imaging, are thought to be associated with small vessel disease, neuroinflammation, and to be important for cerebral hemodynamics and interstitial fluid drainage.

Aims: To benchmark current knowledge on perivascular spaces associations with risk factors, neurological disorders, and neuroimaging lesions, using systematic review and meta-analysis.

Summary Of Review: We searched three databases for perivascular spaces publications, calculated odds ratios with 95% confidence interval and performed meta-analyses to assess adjusted associations with perivascular spaces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747493019830321DOI Listing
February 2019

Association of weight discrimination during pregnancy and postpartum with maternal postpartum health.

Health Psychol 2019 Mar;38(3):226-237

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles.

Objective: Weight stigma adversely affects the health of the general population, but almost no studies have examined possible negative consequences of weight stigma in the context of pregnancy. The present study tested whether experiencing weight stigma in pregnancy is inversely related to mental and physical health in mothers during the first postpartum year.

Method: This study examined associations between weight-related experiences of discrimination in everyday life, measured at 1 month after the birth of a child, and physical and mental health outcomes measured concurrently and at 6 months and 1 year postpartum in a sample of 214 women in the Community Child Health Network study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000711DOI Listing

APA Multicultural Guidelines executive summary: Ecological approach to context, identity, and intersectionality.

Am Psychol 2019 Feb-Mar;74(2):232-244

Department of Counseling, Developmental & Educational Psychology, Boston College.

The initial version of the Multicultural Guidelines, titled Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists, was published in 2002. Since then, there has been significant growth in research and theory regarding multicultural contexts. The revised Multicultural Guidelines are conceptualized to reconsider diversity and multicultural practice within professional psychology at this period in time, with intersectionality as its primary purview. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/amp0000382DOI Listing
February 2019

Parkinson's disease among migrants in Europe: estimating the magnitude of an emerging phenomenon.

J Neurol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Human Neuroscience, Sapienza University, Viale dell'Università 30, 00185, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: The occurrence of age-related pathological conditions among subjects with a migration background and composing ethnic minorities is an emerging challenge for Western countries. Specifically, the onset of neurodegenerative diseases in these populations of individuals might assume special relevance and generate additional complexities for our healthcare systems. The aim of the present study was to estimate the number of Parkinson's disease (PD) cases in migrant subjects living in Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-019-09241-zDOI Listing
February 2019