293,367 results match your criteria Ethnicity & Disease[Journal]


Is physical activity associated with resting heart rate in boys and girls? A representative study controlled for confounders.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Universidade Estadual Paulista, Departamento de Educação Física, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: Investigate the relationship between different domains of physical activity and resting heart rate (RHR) in boys and girls.

Method: The sample included 1011 adolescents, aged between 10 and 17 years. RHR was measured by a heart rate monitor and physical activity was assessed in total and in three different domains (school, occupational, and sports practice) by a questionnaire. Read More

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December 2018

Acupuncture and related interventions for the treatment of symptoms associated with carpal tunnel syndrome.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Dec 2;12:CD011215. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University, Beom-eu, Meulgeum, Yangsan, Korea, South, 626-870.

Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a compressive neuropathic disorder at the level of the wrist. Acupuncture and other methods that stimulate acupuncture points, such as electroacupuncture, auricular acupuncture, laser acupuncture, moxibustion, and acupressure, are used in treating CTS. Acupuncture has been recommended as a potentially useful treatment for CTS, but its effectiveness remains uncertain. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Uterine Cancer Incidence and Mortality - United States, 1999-2016.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Dec 7;67(48):1333-1338. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.

Uterine cancer is one of the few cancers with increasing incidence and mortality in the United States, reflecting, in part, increases in the prevalence of overweight and obesity since the 1980s (1). It is the fourth most common cancer diagnosed and the seventh most common cause of cancer death among U.S. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The need for complete population-based studies on the etiology of liver disease.

Authors:
Paulo S Pinheiro

Hepatology 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University of Miami School of Medicine, Public Health Sciences, 1120 14th NW St., Don Soffer Clinical Research Building, Miami, Florida, United States.

I read Kim et al.'s "Changing Trends in Etiology- and Ethnicity-Based Annual Mortality Rates of Cirrhosis and Hepatocellular Carcinoma in the US" with great interest. Patterns for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are complex, with disparities likely rooted in etiological differences. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The prevalence of human papillomavirus in oropharyngeal cancer is increasing regardless of sex or race, and the influence of sex and race on survival is modified by human papillomavirus tumor status.

Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of sex and race/ethnicity upon prevalence trends of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) and survival after OPC.

Method: This was a cohort study of patients included in the United States National Cancer Database who had been diagnosed with OPC between 2010 and 2015. Outcomes were HPV status of tumor specimens and overall survival. Read More

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December 2018

Loss of CXCR4 on non-classical monocytes in participants of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) with subclinical atherosclerosis.

Cardiovasc Res 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

La Jolla Institute of Immunology, La Jolla, California, USA.

Aims: To test whether human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and subclinical cardiovascular disease (sCVD) are associated with expression of CXCR4 and other surface markers on classical, intermediate, and non-classical monocytes in women.

Methods And Results: sCVD was defined as presence of atherosclerotic lesions in the carotid artery in 92 participants of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Participants were stratified into 4 sets (n = 23 each) by HIV and sCVD status (HIV-/sCVD-, HIV-/sCVD+, HIV+/sCVD-, HIV+/sCVD+) matched by age, race/ethnicity, and smoking status. Read More

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December 2018

Indirect Estimation of Race/Ethnicity for Survey Respondents Who Do Not Report Race/Ethnicity.

Med Care 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA.

Background: Researchers are increasingly interested in measuring race/ethnicity, but some survey respondents skip race/ethnicity items.

Objectives: The main objectives of this study were to investigate the extent to which racial/ethnic groups differ in skipping race/ethnicity survey items, the degree to which this reflects reluctance to disclose race/ethnicity, and the utility of imputing missing race/ethnicity.

Research Design: We applied a previously developed method for imputing race/ethnicity from administrative data (Medicare Bayesian Improved Surname and Geocoding 2. Read More

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December 2018
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Racial Disparities in the Cardiac Computed Tomography Assessment of Coronary Artery Disease: Does Gender Matter.

Cardiol Rev 2019 Jan/Feb;27(1):14-22

Department of Surgery, Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, NY.

Coronary heart disease (CHD) represents a significant healthcare burden in terms of hospital resources, morbidity, and mortality. Primary prevention and early detection of risk factors for the development of CHD are pivotal to successful intervention programs and prognostication. Yet, there remains a paucity of evidence regarding differences in the assessment of these risk factors and the tools of assessment among different ethnicities. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn due to alloanti-M: three Chinese case reports and a review of the literature.

Transfusion 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Fetal Medicine Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510000, China.

Background: Alloanti-M was once regarded as not clinically significant, with a few exceptions in extremely rare cases. However, an increasing number of cases of severe hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN), resulting in fetal hydrops and recurrent abortion caused by alloanti-M, have been reported mainly in the Asian population.

Study Design And Methods: Three pregnant Chinese women with a history of abnormal pregnancy with hydrops fetalis were encountered. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

2-hr vs. 1-hr Glucose Tolerance Testing: Predicting prediabetes in adolescent girls with obesity.

Pediatr Diabetes 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Section on Ethnicity and Health, Diabetes, Endocrinology and Obesity Branch, National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

Background: During an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), morphological features of the glucose curve (monophasic curve, glucose peak >30mins and 1-hr glucose ≥155mg/dL) maybe associated with higher prediabetes risk, but their reproducibility and predictive ability in adolescents with obesity are unknown.

Design/methods: Nondiabetic adolescent girls with obesity underwent a multiple-sample OGTT at baseline (n=93), 6-weeks (n=83), and 1-year (n=72). Short-term reproducibility (baseline to 6-weeks) and the predictive ability for prediabetes (baseline to 1-year) for each feature were compared to standard fasting and 2-hr OGTT diagnostic criteria. Read More

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December 2018

Racial and Ethnic Trends in Prostate Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Philadelphia, PA: an Observational Study.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: To learn more about local prostate cancer (PCa) disparities, we conducted descriptive analyses of the role of race and age in PCa using the Pennsylvania Cancer Registry data for Philadelphia (2005-2014).

Methods: We focused on the most prevalent race/ethnic groups: white (33%), black (44%), and Hispanic (9%). Outcomes included PCa rates, tumor stage, and tumor grade. Read More

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December 2018

Quality and Stability of Cross-Ethnic Friendships: Effects of Classroom Diversity and Out-of-School Contact.

J Youth Adolesc 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1521, USA.

Cross-ethnic friendships are linked to a range of positive outcomes in adolescence, but have been shown to be lower quality and less stable than same-ethnic friendships. The current study examined how classroom diversity and out-of-school contact contribute to these relational differences between cross-and same-ethnic friendships. Multilevel analyses were conducted on a sample of 9,171 classroom-based friends nested within 4,333 ethnically diverse sixth grade students (54% female; 32% Latino, 20% White, 14% East/Southeast Asian, 12% African American, 14% Multiethnic, 8% Other ethnic). Read More

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December 2018

Lack of Association between Variant rs7916697 in and Primary Open Angle Glaucoma in a Saudi Cohort.

Genet Res Int 2018 1;2018:2148056. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Glaucoma Research Chair, Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

A case-control genetic association study was performed to investigate whether variant rs7916697 in (), which has been previously reported to be associated with optic disc parameters and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) in different ethnic groups, is a risk factor for POAG or any of its clinical phenotypes in a Saudi cohort. Genotyping of rs7916697 (G>A) variant was performed in 186 unrelated POAG cases and 171 unrelated nonglaucomatous controls of Saudi origin using real-time Taq-Man® assay. Genotypic and allelic association with POAG and its related clinical indices were evaluated. Read More

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November 2018

Factors associated with choice of intensification treatment for type 2 diabetes after metformin monotherapy: a cohort study in UK primary care.

Clin Epidemiol 2018 8;10:1639-1648. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK,

Purpose: To understand the patient characteristics associated with treatment choice at the first treatment intensification for type 2 diabetes.

Patients And Methods: This is a noninterventional study, using UK electronic primary care records from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. We included adults treated with metformin monotherapy between January 2000 and July 2017. Read More

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November 2018

Barberry in the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome: possible mechanisms of action.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2018 8;11:699-705. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Modern Sciences and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran,

Obesity is a consequence of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. It affects people of both genders and all age groups, ethnicity and socioeconomic groups, and in developed and developing countries. Obesity is often accompanied by the metabolic syndrome (MetS). Read More

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November 2018

Observational study of the status of coronary risk biomarkers among Negritos with metabolic syndrome in the east coast of Malaysia.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 4;8(12):e021580. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UCSI University, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS), ascertain the status of coronary risk biomarkers and establish the independent predictors of these biomarkers among the Negritos.

Settings: Health screening programme conducted in three inland settlements in the east coast of Malaysia and Peninsular Malaysia.

Subjects: 150 Negritos who were still living in three inland settlements in the east coast of Malaysia and 1227 Malays in Peninsular Malaysia. Read More

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December 2018

Effects of folic acid food fortification scenarios on the folate intake of a multi-ethnic pregnant population.

Public Health Nutr 2018 Dec 6:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

2The Centre for Longitudinal Research - He Ara ki Mua, School of Population Health (building 730, level 3), Tamaki Campus,University of Auckland,261 Morrin Road, St Johns, Auckland 1072,New Zealand.

Objective: To simulate effects of different scenarios of folic acid fortification of food on dietary folate equivalents (DFE) intake in an ethnically diverse sample of pregnant women.

Design: A forty-four-item FFQ was used to evaluate dietary intake of the population. DFE intakes were estimated for different scenarios of food fortification with folic acid: (i) voluntary fortification; (ii) increased voluntary fortification; (iii) simulated bread mandatory fortification; and (iv) simulated grains-and-rice mandatory fortification. Read More

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December 2018

Cariogenicity of Candida albicans of distinct genotypes among 3-5-year-old Uygur children in Kashgar, China- a case-control study.

BMC Oral Health 2018 Dec 5;18(1):203. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Endodontics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, 830054, China.

Background: In recent years, the opportunistic fungus C.albicans has been linked to ECC.It is important to investigate the relationship between the distribution of C. Read More

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December 2018

Genetic Polymorphisms Associated with Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 4;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Linkou Medical Center and College of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, No.5, Fuxing St., Guishan Township, Taoyuan County 333, Taiwan.

Differences in the incidence of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) between ethnicities exist, with an estimated 42% of the variance explained by ethnicity itself. Caucasians have a higher proportion of lobar ICH (LICH, 15.4% of all ICH) than do Asians (3. Read More

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December 2018

Ethnic Differences in Magnesium Intake in U.S. Older Adults: Findings from NHANES 2005⁻2016.

Nutrients 2018 Dec 4;10(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Epidemiology, Centre for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Magnesium plays a crucial role in hundreds of bodily processes relevant to aging, but consumption of dietary magnesium intake has been shown to be inadequate in a large proportion of older adults. Identifying groups at risk of low magnesium intake is important for informing targeted advice. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005⁻2016, we examined the association between ethnicity (Caucasian/African American/Hispanic/other) and magnesium intake in a large representative sample of U. Read More

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December 2018

Association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and self-reported chronic pain in older adults: a cross-sectional analysis from the ViDA study.

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Chronic pain is a major contributor to the global burden of disability. Prior studies on the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and chronic pain have yielded mixed results. The Vitamin D Assessment study, a large randomized controlled trial from New Zealand, offered the opportunity to examine this association in data collected at baseline in all participants, and among those with arthritis or depression. Read More

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November 2018

Remission from chronic opioid use-Studying environmental and socio-economic factors on recovery (RECOVER): Study design and participant characteristics.

Contemp Clin Trials 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Indivior Inc., 10710 Midlothian Turnpike, Suite 430, Richmond, VA 23235, United States. Electronic address:

Few opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment studies measure meaningful life changes during long-term recovery, focusing instead on retention and abstinence. Here, we report on the design and participant characteristics of the RECOVER Study, a study exploring life changes in persons with OUD for up to 24 months following participation in a Phase III trial evaluating buprenorphine extended-release monthly injection for subcutaneous use (known as RBP-6000 during development). This multisite, observational, cohort study tracks clinical, environmental, and socio-economic changes using self-administered assessments, urine drug screens (UDS), and public databases. Read More

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November 2018
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Awareness of Breastfeeding Laws and Provisions of Students and Employees of Institutions of Higher Learning in Georgia.

J Hum Lact 2018 Dec 3:890334418801536. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

2 Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

Background:: Over the past two decades, southern states in the United States have recorded the lowest breastfeeding rates. It is not known whether awareness of breastfeeding laws and provision of resources play any role in their breastfeeding practices.

Research Aims:: The aims were (a) to describe awareness of breastfeeding laws and provisions by students and employees of institutions of higher learning in the state of Georgia, (b) to describe awareness by race and ethnicity, and (c) to determine factors associated with awareness of breastfeeding laws and provisions among students and employees within Georgia institutions of higher learning. Read More

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December 2018

Short-Term Incidence of Sequelae of HCV Infection Among Medicaid Beneficiaries in Oregon.

Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 3:33354918813552. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1 Oregon Public Health Division, Acute and Communicable Disease Prevention, Oregon Health Authority, Portland, OR, USA.

Objectives:: Given the known high morbidity and mortality of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Oregon, we sought to develop a practical method of estimating the severe sequelae of HCV infection among Medicaid beneficiaries in Oregon.

Methods:: We assembled a retrospective cohort that identified all Oregon Medicaid beneficiaries with HCV infection enrolled for at least 1 year during 2009-2013. We linked this cohort to 3 data sets to identify HCV-related deaths, cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and first hospitalizations for advanced liver disease (ALD). Read More

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December 2018

Women's Reproductive History and Pre-Clinical Peripheral Arterial Disease in Late Life: The San Diego Population Study.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

5 Premier Applied Sciences, Premier, Inc., Charlotte, North Carolina.

Objective: Reproductive events have been linked with increased cardiovascular risk in women, but whether they are associated with pre-clinical peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has been understudied. We evaluated associations between reproductive factors and later-life ankle-brachial index (ABI), femoral artery intima-media thickness (fIMT), and femoral plaques.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 707 multiethnic women who participated in a follow-up exam of the San Diego Population Study in 2007-2011. Read More

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December 2018

What is the appropriate communication style for family members confronting difficult surrogate decision-making in palliative care?: A randomized video vignette study in medical staff with working experiences of clinical oncology.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Psychiatry and Cognitive-Behavioral Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Background: The family members of terminally ill patients are often requested to make difficult surrogate decisions during palliative care. This study sought to clarify the appropriate communication style for physicians as perceived by family members confronting difficult surrogate decision-making.

Methods: This experimental psychological study used scripted videos. Read More

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December 2018

Natality Decline and Spatial Variation in Excess Death Rates During the 1918-1920 Influenza Pandemic in Arizona, United States.

Am J Epidemiol 2018 Dec;187(12):2577-2584

Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia.

A large body of epidemiologic research has concentrated on the 1918 influenza pandemic, but more work is needed to understand spatial variation in pandemic mortality and its effects on natality. We collected and analyzed 35,151 death records from Arizona for 1915-1921 and 21,334 birth records from Maricopa county for 1915-1925. We estimated the number of excess deaths and births before, during, and after the pandemic period, and we found a significant decline in the number of births occurring 9-11 months after peak pandemic mortality. Read More

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December 2018

Recent trends in US mortality in early and middle adulthood: racial/ethnic disparities in inter-cohort patterns.

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Sociology and Social Science Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: A striking increase in the all-cause mortality of US middle-aged non-Hispanic Whites in the past two decades has been documented by previous studies. The inter-cohort patterns in US mortality, as well as their racial/ethnic disparities, are still unclear.

Methods: Using official mortality data, we study US annual mortality rates for ages 25-54 from 1990 to 2016 by gender and race/ethnicity. Read More

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December 2018

Pregnancy And Neonatal Diabetes Outcomes in Remote Australia: the PANDORA study-an observational birth cohort.

Int J Epidemiol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Clinical and Population Health, Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: In Australia's Northern Territory, 33% of babies are born to Indigenous mothers, who experience high rates of hyperglycemia in pregnancy. We aimed to determine the extent to which pregnancy outcomes for Indigenous Australian women are explained by relative frequencies of diabetes type [type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and gestational diabetes (GDM)].

Methods: This prospective birth cohort study examined participants recruited from a hyperglycemia in pregnancy register. Read More

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November 2018

Self-Reported Instances of Major Discrimination, Race/Ethnicity, and Inflammation Among Older Adults: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Johns Hopkins Center for Health Disparities Solutions.

Background: This study examines the relationship between self-reported instances of major discrimination and inflammation among older adults, and explores whether this relationship varies in accordance with race/ethnicity. We hypothesized that self-reported instances of major discrimination would be associated with higher levels of high-risk inflammation, and that this relationship would be stronger for racial/ethnic minorities than Whites.

Methods: Data from the 2006/2008 Health and Retirement Study (HRS), an ongoing biennial nationally representative sample of older adults in the United States, was used to collect measures of self-reported instances of major discrimination and high-risk C-reactive protein (CRP), which was assayed from blood samples. Read More

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December 2018

Occupational Injury Among Janitors: Injury Incidence, Severity and Associated Risk Factors.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Midwest Center for Occupational Health and Safety Education and Research Center, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota.

Objective: Determine injury incidence and severity and potential associated risk factors for injury, among janitors.

Methods: Questionnaires were disseminated to 1,200 full-time janitors in the SEIU Local 26 union; 390 responded and provided information on their injury experiences and exposures, based on personal characteristics and work-related activities. Multivariable analyses, including bias adjustment, were implemented using directed acyclic graphs to determine potential risk. Read More

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November 2018

Childhood Lead Poisoning: A Perpetual Environmental Justice Issue?

J Public Health Manag Pract 2019 Jan/Feb;25 Suppl 1, Lead Poisoning Prevention:S115-S120

Lead Poisoning Prevention and Environmental Health Tracking Branch, Division of Environmental Health Science and Practice (Dr Whitehead) and Office of Priority Projects and Innovation (Dr Buchanan), National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

As the amount of lead in the environment has significantly decreased with the removal of lead in gasoline and paint, the United States has made great strides in preventing lead poisoning or reducing levels of lead in young children's blood. Even so, lead exposure is not equal for all children-low-income and minority children continue to bear a disproportionate burden of exposure primarily through contact with deteriorating lead-based paint from older housing and potentially through drinking contaminated water resulting from failing leaded pipes, as evidenced by the recent events in Flint, Michigan. These facts suggest that childhood lead poisoning is an environmental justice issue worthy of public health consideration and action; "environmental justice" is focused on identifying and addressing disproportionately high and adverse effects of environmental hazards on low-income and minority communities. Read More

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December 2018

My strong, Black daughter: Racial/ethnic differences in the attributes mothers value for their daughters.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Psychological Sciences.

Objectives: The Strong Black Woman (SBW) ideal, which emphasizes self-reliance and strength, is considered an influential cultural image for many Black women. Research on how the SBW ideal may be reflected in maternal socialization is largely theoretical or qualitative.

Methods: Guided by cultural models of parenting, we tested for racial/ethnic differences in the importance and meaning of SBW-related attributes among 194 low-income, Black (22%), White (20%), and Latina (57%) families. Read More

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December 2018

Patient and family members' perceptions of family participation in care on acute care wards.

Scand J Caring Sci 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, and Gold Coast Health, Southport, QLD, Australia.

Background: Hospital leaders, policymakers and healthcare professionals are realising the benefits of delivering care that promotes family participation because it is known to enhance the quality of care, and improve patient satisfaction.

Aim: The aim of this study was to explore, from the perspective of patients and family members within an adult acute care ward: (a) their beliefs and attitudes towards family participation in patient care and (b) staff behaviours that support or hinder family participation in patient care.

Design And Methods: A naturalistic approach with an exploratory sequential design was used in a medical assessment and planning unit of a regional referral hospital in Australia. Read More

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December 2018

Population genetics of 19 Y-STR loci in Yanbian Korean samples from China.

Ann Hum Genet 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

School of Forensic Medicine, China Medical University, Shenyang, 110122, China.

Background: China harbors 56 ethnic groups, including Korean, with a population size of approximately 1.92 million at the 2010 census. Most of the Koreans live in Northeastern parts of China, including Jilin (59. Read More

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December 2018

Alcohol and Ideal Cardiovascular Health: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.

Clin Cardiol 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

The Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Baltimore, MD.

Background: Alcohol consumption is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), with moderate drinkers having decreased CVD risk compared to non- and heavy drinkers. However, whether alcohol consumption is associated with ideal cardiovascular health (CVH), assessed by the AHA Life's Simple 7 (LS7) metrics, and whether associations differ by sex, is uncertain.

Hypothesis: Heavy alcohol consumption is associated with worse CVH METHODS: We explored associations between alcohol consumption and CVH in a multi-ethnic population including 6,506 participants free of CVD, aged 45-84 years. Read More

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December 2018

The effect of CYP4F2, VKORC1 and CYP2C9 in influencing coumarin dose. A single patient data meta-analysis in more than 15,000 individuals.

Clin Pharmacol Ther 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

General Medicine and Hypertension Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy.

The CYP4F2 gene is known to influence mean coumarin dose. The aim of the present study was to undertake a meta-analysis at individual patients' level to capture the possible effect of ethnicity, gene-gene interaction or other drugs on the association and to verify if inclusion of CYP4F2*3 variant into dosing algorithms improves the prediction of mean coumarin dose. We asked the authors of our previous meta-analysis (30 articles) and of 38 new articles retrieved by a systematic review to send us individual patients' data. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Imputation of race/ethnicity to enable measurement of HEDIS performance by race/ethnicity.

Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

RAND Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Objective: To improve an existing method, Medicare Bayesian Improved Surname Geocoding (MBISG) 1.0 that augments the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS) administrative measure of race/ethnicity with surname and geographic data to estimate race/ethnicity.

Data Sources/study Setting: Data from 284 627 respondents to the 2014 Medicare CAHPS survey. Read More

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December 2018

Transmitting trauma: a systematic review of the risk of child abuse perpetrated by parents exposed to traumatic events.

Int J Public Health 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Danish Research Centre for Migration, Ethnicity and Health, Section for Health Services Research, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: To review the empirical evidence of a potential association between parental trauma and parental child abuse.

Methods: Following PRISMA guidelines, 4645 publications were identified through a systematic search in PubMed, PsycINFO and Cochrane. The final number of publications included was 15. Read More

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December 2018

Adult Immigrants' Utilization of Physician Visits, Dentist Visits, and Prescription Medication.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

School of Social Work, University of Alabama, Room 104, Farrah Hall, Box 870314, Tuscaloosa, AL, 35487-0314, USA.

This study sought factors in immigrants' utilization of services of physicians and dentists, as well as their use of prescription medication. The study used data from 1452 adult immigrants collected for the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012. Logistic regression results showed that age, US citizenship, and health insurance status were associated with the use of physician, dentist, and medication services. Read More

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November 2018

Prenatal Diagnosis of Tay-Sachs Disease.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1885:233-250

Mount Sinai Genomics, Inc., DBA Sema 4, New York, NY, USA.

Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations of the HEXA gene resulting in the deficiency of hexosaminidase A (Hex A) and subsequent neuronal accumulation of G gangliosides. Infantile TSD is a devastating and fetal neurodegenerative disease with death before the age of 3-5 years. A small proportion of TSD patients carry milder mutations and may present juvenile or adult onset milder disease. Read More

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January 2019

High-Effort Coping and Cardiovascular Disease among Women: A Systematic Review of the John Henryism Hypothesis.

J Urban Health 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Center for Women, Children, and Youth, College of Nursing, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

African-American women living in the United States experience higher cardiovascular disease risk (CVD) mortality compared to White women. Unique mechanisms, including prolonged high-effort coping in the face of discriminatory stressors might contribute to these racial disparities. The John Henryism hypothesis is a conceptual framework used to explain poor health outcomes observed among individuals with low resources who repeatedly utilize active coping to overcome barriers. Read More

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November 2018

Optimal cutoffs for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment vary by race and ethnicity.

Alzheimers Dement (Amst) 2018 3;10:773-781. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health and Health Professions & College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Introduction: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), scored from 0 to 30, is used as a screening tool for mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The current cutoff (26) may not be optimal among minorities.

Methods: Data from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set March 2018 data freeze was used to calculate optimal cutoffs for detection of MCI and dementia by race/ethnic group and education. Read More

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November 2018

Reference values of nuchal fold thickness in an Iranian population sample.

J Res Med Sci 2018 26;23:94. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Emam Hossein Children's Hospital, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Non-Communicable Disease, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Considering that ethnicity and gestational age (GA) could affect the value of nuchal fold thickness (NFT) in mid-trimester, we aimed to determine the reference intervals of NFT values for each gestational week from 16 to 24 weeks of pregnancy among a group of Iranian pregnant women.

Materials And Methods: In this cross-sectional study, medical files of pregnant women who underwent fetal anomaly scanning at 16-24 weeks of gestation were reviewed and the following data were extracted: GA, value of NFT, value of nuchal translucency (NT) in their previous ultrasound study, if available, and head circumference (HC). The 5, 25, 50, 75, and 95 percentiles of NFT for each gestational week were determined. Read More

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October 2018

Assessment of hepatitis C risk factors in center of Iran: A case-control study.

J Res Med Sci 2018 26;23:87. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Emergency Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections remain as one of the major public health problems worldwide. The current study aimed at investigating the potential risk factors of HCV+ in a sample of Iranian patients.

Materials And Methods: In a case-control study, 436 HCV-infected patients and 531 age-matched HCV antibody negative controls were recruited in a central region of Iran. Read More

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October 2018

Marijuana Use and Depressive Symptoms; Gender Differences in African American Adolescents.

Front Psychol 2018 16;9:2135. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

This study aimed to examine gender differences in the bidirectional associations between marijuana use and depressive symptoms among African American adolescents. The study also tested gender differences in the effects of socioeconomic status, maternal support, and friends' drug use on adolescents' depressive symptoms and marijuana use. This is a secondary analysis of the Flint Adolescent Study (FAS). Read More

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November 2018

Examination of Racial Differences in a Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Group Therapy Program for Veterans.

Group Dyn 2018 Sep 19;22(3):129-142. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most prevalent mental health diagnoses for veterans. Group therapy can be an effective and efficient means of treating PTSD, yet the literature exploring treatment outcomes for racial minorities is mixed and limited. The present study was an evaluation across racial groups of the PTSD Recovery Program, a manualized group therapy implemented at a Veterans Affairs hospital. Read More

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September 2018