299,097 results match your criteria Ethnicity & Disease[Journal]


Identification of arylsulfatase B gene mutations and clinical presentations of Iranian patients with Mucopolysaccharidosis VI.

Gene 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Diabetes Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran; Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type VI, also known as Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome, is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency in arylsulfatase B (ARSB) enzyme. Our objectives were to investigate clinical phenotypes and performed molecular studies in Iranian patients with MPS VI, for the first time, in the southwestern Iran.

Methods: We studied 14 cases from 10 unrelated kindreds with MPS VI that were enrolled during 8 years. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03781119193040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2019.04.050DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Neonatal screening tests in Brazil: prevalence rates and regional and socioeconomic inequalities.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Departamento de Saúde Pública, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: To identify the prevalence and associated factors with the performance of the Guthrie test, hearing, and red reflex screening tests in Brazil.

Methods: This was a population-based, cross-sectional study that analyzed data on 5231 children under 2 years of age participating in the National Health Survey of 2013. The study described the prevalence and confidence intervals (95% CI) of the three neonatal screening tests performed, in any period, and their association with the country's regions, skin color/ethnicity, private health insurance, and per capita household income. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.02.008DOI Listing

Deconstructing a Leader: An in Depth Analysis of the Commonalities Between Plastic Surgery Chiefs and Chairmen.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Purpose: We sought to identify factors associated with current chiefs and chairpersons in academic plastic surgery to encourage and shape future leaders of tomorrow.

Methods: Academic chairpersons in plastic surgery (n = 94) were identified through an Internet-based search of all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited residency training programs during the year of 2015. Gender, ethnicity, academic rank, board certification, time since certification, medical school attended, residency program attended, fellowships training, advanced degrees, obtaining leadership roles at trainee's institution, and h- index were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005783DOI Listing

Race/Ethnicity-specific Disparities in In-Hospital Mortality and Hospital Charges Among Inflammatory Bowel Disease-related Hospitalizations in the United States.

J Clin Gastroenterol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Alameda Health System, Highland Hospital, Oakland, CA.

Goal: The goal of this study was to evaluate disparities in hospital outcomes among inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) related hospitalizations in the United States with a focus on ethnicity-specific disparities.

Background: IBD-related hospitalizations contribute to significant morbidity and health care economic burden.

Methods: IBD-related hospitalizations (identified with ICD-9) among US adults were evaluated using 2007 to 2013 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00004836-900000000-9773
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCG.0000000000001204DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The prevalence of substance use in child welfare and general population eighth graders in the United States.

Authors:
Julia M Kobulsky

Subst Use Misuse 2019 Apr 22:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

a School of Social Work College of Public Health , Temple University , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , USA.

Background: Early substance use is an established risk factor for substance abuse and dependence.

Objective: The current study sought to examine whether child welfare-involved eighth graders have higher rates of early substance use than general population eighth graders. Data from the first National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW) were analyzed to assess the prevalence of self-reported substance use, including alcohol, marijuana, and inhalant use in child welfare-involved eighth graders (N = 896). Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10826084.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2019.1594907DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Relationship of Socioeconomic Status Indicators to Obesity in Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Middle-Aged Women: A Population Study.

Int J Womens Health Wellness 2019 28;5(1). Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Background: Obesity rates differ between Hispanic and White (non-Hispanic) women in the United States, with higher rates among Hispanic women. Socioeconomic processes contribute to this disparity both at the individual and the environmental level. Understanding these complex relationships requires multilevel analyses within cohorts of women that have a shared environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23937/2474-1353/1510090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469717PMC
February 2019

Prediabetes: An emerging public health concern in adolescents.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2019 Apr 1;2(2):e00060. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon Saskatchewan Canada.

Objectives: To identify the presence of risk factors for type 2 diabetes (ethnicity, body mass index, blood glucose tolerance and blood pressure) and to determine the prevalence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in Canadian adolescents attending two multicultural urban high schools.

Methods: A total of 266 multicultural urban high school students who live in a mid-sized Western Canadian city, aged 14-21, were screened for risk factors of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in March-April 2018. Data with respect to demographics, family history of diabetes, anthropometrics, blood pressure and haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/edm2.60DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458462PMC

Perceived risk of colorectal and breast cancers among women who are overweight or with obesity.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Jun 22;14:100845. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Research fellow, Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education (ORISE), Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, United States of America.

Many overweight women or women with obesity do not acknowledge their high weight status and may be unaware of their elevated cancer risk. We explored the relationship between weight status and women's perceived risk of colorectal (CRC) and breast cancers, overall and by race/ethnicity, in a nationally representative sample. Data was combined from NHIS 2005, 2010, and 2015 sample adult questionnaires and cancer control supplements. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22113355193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100845DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458496PMC
June 2019
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Sarcoidosis in the Middle East.

Ann Thorac Med 2019 Apr-Jun;14(2):106-115

College of Medicine and Health Science, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman.

Sarcoidosis, a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown cause, has been described worldwide and in all populations with notable differences in clinical characteristics, organ involvement, disease severity, and prognosis among different ethnic and racial groups. While the exact prevalence of sarcoidosis in the Middle East is unknown, studies from various countries in the region have reported the clinical characteristics of affected patients, along with a few anecdotal reports. A search of the MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases was conducted for relevant English-language articles using the terms "sarcoidosis" and "Middle East" or "sarcoidosis" and "Arabs. Read More

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http://www.thoracicmedicine.org/text.asp?2019/14/2/106/25551
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/atm.ATM_227_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6467024PMC
April 2019
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Unravelling the demographic dynamics of ethnic residential segregation.

Popul Space Place 2019 Mar 24;25(2):e2193. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

OTB-Research for the Built Environment Delft University of Technology Delft The Netherlands.

Selective intraurban migration of ethnic groups is often assumed to be the main microlevel mechanism reproducing ethnic residential segregation. However, other demographic processes, such as natural change and international migration, also matter. This paper contributes to the literature by unravelling the impacts of different demographic processes to changes in ethnic segregation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/psp.2193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472496PMC

HLA-A*29:01-B*07:05-C*15:29*DRB1*10:01-DQB1*05:01, a deduced probable human leukocyte antigen haplotype in association with a human leukocyte antigen-C low-incidence allele C*15:29 in Taiwanese individuals.

Ci Ji Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Apr-Jun;31(2):86-89

Department of Research, China Shanghai Tissuebank Diagnostics, Shanghai, China.

Objective: HLA-C*15:29 is a low-frequency allele in the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-C locus. The aim of this study is to confirm the ethnicity of C*15:29 and to deduce a probable HLA haplotype in association with C*15:29 in Taiwanese population.

Materials And Methods: A total of 12,534 healthy unrelated Taiwanese individuals were tested for HLA using a sequence-based typing method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/tcmj.tcmj_111_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450153PMC

Conditional cash transfers for primary education: Which children are left out?

World Dev 2018 May;105:1-12

Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02453, USA.

Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs to increase primary-school enrollment and attendance among low-income households have been shown to benefit children and households, but to date little is known about who joins such programs. We test three hypotheses about predictors of CCT program participation in indigenous societies in Bolivia, focusing on attributes of the household (ethnicity), parents (modern human capital), and children (age, sex). We model whether children receive a transfer from Bolivia's CCT program (), using data from 811 school-age children and nine ethnic groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.12.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472288PMC

Post-traumatic stress disorder and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy among military women.

Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Background: Women are more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than men. Limited research exists evaluating the risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) among military women with PTSD.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using US Department of Defense (DoD) data comprised of all active-duty women giving birth to their first, liveborn singleton infant using DoD-sponsored health insurance from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2008 (n = 34 176). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppe.12546DOI Listing

Correlates, Trends, and Short-Term Outcomes of Venous Thromboembolism in Hospitalized Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

J Gastrointest Cancer 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Saint Louis University, St Louis, MO, USA.

Background And Aim: The incidence and overall mortality of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the US have been increasing over the past decade. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. This study aims at examining the epidemiology, risk factors, and short-term outcomes of VTE in hospitalized patients with HCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12029-019-00242-9DOI Listing

Obesity risk in women of childbearing age in New Zealand: a nationally representative cross-sectional study.

Int J Public Health 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

GeoHealth Laboratory (Te Taiwhenua o te Hauora), Geospatial Research Institute (Toi Hangarau), University of Canterbury (Te Whare Wānanga o Waitaha), Christchurch, New Zealand.

Objectives: To investigate risk factors for women with obesity of childbearing age.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of New Zealand women (15-49 years) with measured height and weight was used [unweighted (n = 3625) and weighted analytical sample (n = 1,098,372)] alongside sociodemographic-, behavioural- and environmental-level predictors. Multilevel logistic regression weighted for non-response of height and weight data was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01239-8DOI Listing

Iranian Registry of Crohn's and Colitis: study profile of first nation-wide inflammatory bowel disease registry in Middle East.

Intest Res 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Digestive Disease Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background/aims: A recent study revealed increasing incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Iran. The Iranian Registry of Crohn's and Colitis (IRCC) was designed recently to answer the needs. We reported the design, methods of data collection, and aims of IRCC in this paper. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5217/ir.2018.00157DOI Listing

[Dose-response relationship between maternal hemoglobin concentration and preterm birth, in pregnant women].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Apr;40(4):471-474

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistic, School of Public Health, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, China.

To investigate the dose-response relationship between hemoglobin concentration and preterm birth, during pregnancy. With Zhuang ethnicity, a total of 12 780 pregnant women and their infants that admitted to Wuming、Pingguo、Jingxi、Debao、Longan and Tiandong hospitals, were recruited, in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, from January 2015 to December 2017. Non-conditional logistic regression method was used to analyze the effect of anemia on preterm birth during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.04.019DOI Listing
April 2019
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Children lose confidence in their potential to "be scientists", but not in their capacity to "do science".

Dev Sci 2019 Apr 21:e12837. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

New York University, Department of Psychology, 6 Washington Place, rm. 302, New York, NY, 10003.

Over the course of middle childhood, children's interest and beliefs about their own capacities for success in science often decline. This pernicious decline is especially evident among underrepresented groups, including girls, members of some racial and ethnic minorities, and children from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The present research (N=306, ages 6-11) found that while children lose interest and feelings of efficacy about their potential to "be scientists" across middle childhood, they maintain more robust interest and efficacy about "doing science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/desc.12837DOI Listing

HIV Status Does Not Worsen Oral Health Outcomes.

J Clin Periodontol 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Oral Biology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh.

Last January 31 , Journal of Clinical Periodontology just made available the report titled "A Retrospective Analysis of Dental Implant Survival in HIV Patients", which concluded that "implants placed in HIV-positive patients had similar survival rates as HIV-negative patients." These data support our hypothesis that infection by HIV does not lead to worse oral health outcomes, including worse periodontitis. We looked 6,092 individuals and selected all HIV-positive subjects (N=73) and matched them by age, sex, ethnicity, and smoking habits with 261 HIV-negative control subjects. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jcpe.13116
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13116DOI Listing
April 2019
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New insight into human sweet taste: a genome-wide association study of the perception and intake of sweet substances.

Am J Clin Nutr 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: Individual differences in human perception of sweetness are partly due to genetics; however, which genes are associated with the perception and the consumption of sweet substances remains unclear.

Objective: The aim of this study was to verify previous reported associations within genes involved in the peripheral receptor systems (i.e. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/aj
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz043DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Sex differences in eating related behaviors and psychopathology among adolescent military dependents at risk for adult obesity and eating disorders.

Eat Behav 2019 Apr 11;33:73-77. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS), 4301 Jones Bridge Road, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA; Section on Growth and Obesity, Division of Intramural Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA. Electronic address:

Stressors unique to military families may place dependents of military service members of both sexes at high-risk for disordered-eating. Yet, there are no data examining sex-related differences in eating pathology and distress among this population. Therefore, we examined disordered-eating attitudes and associated psychosocial characteristics in adolescent military dependents at high-risk for both eating disorders and adult obesity (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Pediatric urinary stone disease in the United States: The Urologic Diseases in America Project.

Urology 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine the recent epidemiology of pediatric urinary stone disease (USD) in the United States.

Methods: We utilized the 2004-2016 Optum Clinformatics Data Mart database, a de-identified adjudicated administrative health claims database that includes 15-18 million individuals covered annually by commercial insurance in all 50 US states. The analysis included 12,739,125 children aged 0-18 years. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00904295193035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.04.012DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Cervical Cancer Death Rates Among U.S.- and Foreign-Born Women: U.S., 2005-2014.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Historically, foreign-born women in the U.S. are less likely to be screened and are more likely to die from cervical cancer when compared with their U. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Pharmacokinetics of Single Doses of BI 425809 in Healthy Chinese and Japanese Subjects: A Randomized Study.

Clin Ther 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, South Korea.

Purpose: This study's primary goal was to evaluate the safety profile, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and dose proportionality of BI 425809, a potent and selective inhibitor of glycine transporter 1, in healthy Chinese and Japanese subjects.

Methods: This single center, double-blind, single-rising dose study conducted in Korea randomly assigned (3:1) subjects within each ethnic subgroup (Chinese and Japanese) to receive a single dose of BI 425809 (10, 25, or 50 mg) or placebo. The primary end point was number (%) of subjects with drug-related adverse events (AEs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2019.03.014DOI Listing

Outcomes by Gender and Ethnicity After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Am J Cardiol 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York. Electronic address:

Limited data on gender differences by ethnicity after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) exist. In this prospective cohort study, we examined gender differences in 1-year outcomes among patients from 4 ethnic groups who underwent PCI from 2010 to 2016 at a tertiary center. The primary outcome was 1-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) defined as composite of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), or target lesion revascularization. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00029149193031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.03.019DOI Listing
March 2019
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Are 'low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' barriers to minority women's use of contraception? A qualitative exploration and critique of a common argument in reproductive health research.

Midwifery 2019 Mar 25;75:59-65. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Women's and Children's Health (IMCH), Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.

Objective: 'Low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' appear to have gained status as nearly universal explanatory models for why women in minority groups are less likely to use contraception than other women in the Scandinavian countries. Through interviews with pious Muslim women with immigrant background, living in Denmark and Sweden, we wanted to gain empirical insights that could inform a discussion about what 'low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' might mean with regard to women's reproductive decisions.

Design: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in Denmark and Sweden between 2013 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2019.03.017DOI Listing

Meta-analytic review of dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs: Intervention, participant, and facilitator features that predict larger effects.

Clin Psychol Rev 2019 Apr 8;70:91-107. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Oregon Research Institute, United States.

Many trials have provided support for dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs. This meta-analytic review characterized the average intervention effects and tested whether various intervention, participant, and facilitator features correlated with larger effects to guide implementation of optimally effective versions of this program. We identified 56 trials that evaluated 68 dissonance-based eating disorder prevention programs (7808 participants). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Association between preoperative adenomyosis detection rate during pelvic ultrasonography and the specialty of the reading physician.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of South Florida, Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL. Electronic address:

Study Objective: To compare the detection rate of adenomyosis when ultrasound is performed by a radiologist compared to a gynecologic expert sonologist.

Design: A retrospective, single center study.

Setting: University teaching hospital PATIENTS: All women above 18 years of age with a positive histopathology diagnosis of adenomyosis obtained in a hysterectomy specimen from October 1, 2011 - October 1, 2017 were screened for inclusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2019.04.015DOI Listing

Racial/ethnic differences in daily, nondaily, and menthol cigarette use and smoking quit ratios in the United States: 2002 to 2016.

Prev Med 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institute for Implementation Science in Population Health, The City University of New York, New York, NY, USA; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, The City University of New York, New York, NY, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

In the United States (US), racial/ethnic groups differ in cigarette smoking behaviors. We examined changes in cigarette prevalence and quit ratios over 15 years by racial/ethnic group (Non-Hispanic (NH) White, NH Black, Hispanic, NH Other). Data were drawn from the 2002-2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) public use data files and analyzed in 2018. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00917435193013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.04.009DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Impact of Trust, Satisfaction, and Perceived Quality on Preference for Setting of Future Care Among Veterans With PTSD.

Mil Med 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

UT Health San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229.

Introduction: Among US veterans, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a high-prevalence condition; more than a million veterans of all combat eras are service-connected for this condition. Research on factors driving veterans' decision-making regarding preferred setting for PTSD care has been limited. The purpose of this study was to understand factors associated with preferences for setting of future PTSD care among veterans service-connected for PTSD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz078DOI Listing

Similarity attracts: The role of personality in similarity perceptions and children's attitudes towards refugees.

Br J Dev Psychol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Previous research has shown that children's intergroup similarity judgements are based not only on ethnicity but also on other dimensions such as sports interest. The present research investigates the role of personality in perceived similarity between ingroup children and refugee outgroup children. A study was conducted among 9- to 12-year-old children (N = 124) at two elementary schools in the Netherlands. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12285DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Cardiovascular Risk Assessment Varies Widely by Calculator and Race/Ethnicity in a Majority Latinx Cohort Living with HIV.

J Immigr Minor Health 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Research to Advance Community Health (ReACH) Center, UT Health San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Comparison of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk calculators in Latinx majority populations living with HIV can assist clinicians in selecting a calculator and interpreting results. 10-year CVD risks were estimated for 652 patients seen ≥ 2 times over 12 months in a public clinic using three risk calculators: Atherosclerotic CVD risk Calculator (ASCVD), Framingham Risk Calculator (FRC), and Data Collection on Adverse Effects of Anti-HIV Drugs Study (D:A:D) Calculator. Median estimated 10-year CVD risk in this population was highest using FRC (11%), followed by D:A:D (10%), and lowest with ASCVD (5%; p < 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-019-00890-wDOI Listing

Clonal haematopoiesis and risk of acute myeloid leukemia.

Haematologica 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Washington University School of Medicine;

Nearly all adults harbor acute myeloid leukemia-related clonal hematopoietic mutations at a variant allele fraction of ≥0.0001, yet relatively few develop hematologic malignancies. We conducted a nested analysis in the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study blood subcohorts, with up to 22 years of follow-up, to investigate associations of clonal mutations of ≥0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2018.215269DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Psychiatric Disorders and Alcohol Consumption Among Low-Income African Americans:Gender Differences.

Brain Sci 2019 Apr 18;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Family Medicine, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, CA 90059, USA.

Background: Although cooccurrence of nonsubstance use disorders (non-SUDs) and substance use is well-established in the literature, most of what we know in this regard is derived from studies that have recruited predominantly White sample populations. As a result, there is a gap in knowledge on this link among low-income African Americans (AAs). There is also a need to understand how low-income AA men and women differ in these associations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9040086DOI Listing

Preconception Care in the Veterans Health Administration.

Semin Reprod Med 2018 Nov 19;36(6):327-339. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

VA Central Office, Women's Health Services, Washington, District of Columbia.

Preconception care (PCC), defined as a set of interventions to help women optimize their health and well-being prior to pregnancy, can improve pregnancy outcomes and is recommended by national organizations including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Women Veterans who use the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system may face elevated risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes due to a high prevalence of chronic medical and mental health conditions as well as psychosocial stressors including sexual trauma history and intimate partner violence. Many women Veterans of childbearing age experience poverty and homelessness, which are key social determinants of poor reproductive health outcomes. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1678753
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1678753DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and potential determinants of subthreshold and major depression in the general population of Qatar.

Authors:
Salma M Khaled

J Affect Disord 2019 Apr 9;252:382-393. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Social and Economic Survey Research Institute, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

Background: There is a paucity of epidemiological studies of depression in war-free Arab countries. This study estimated the prevalence and potential determinants of Subthreshold (SUBDE) and Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in migrants and non-migrants typical of Qatar and neighboring Gulf countries.

Methods: A telephone survey of a probability-based sample of 2,424 participants was conducted in February 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.056DOI Listing

Genetic factors and therapy outcomes in persistent developmental stuttering.

J Commun Disord 2019 Apr 5;80:11-17. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, 35A Convent Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: We investigated whether outcomes of therapy for persistent developmental stuttering differ in individuals who carry a mutation in one of the known genes associated with stuttering compared to individuals without such mutations.

Method: We studied outcomes of an intensive fluency shaping-based therapy program in individuals with persistent developmental stuttering. We evaluated a cohort of 51 stuttering individuals with who carried a mutation in either the GNPTAB, GNPTG, NAGPA, or AP4E1 gene. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00219924183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2019.03.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Patient Satisfaction with Oral Versus Intravenous Sedation for Cataract Surgery : A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Ophthalmology 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA.

Purpose: To determine whether patient satisfaction with oral sedation is non-inferior to intravenous (IV) sedation for cataract surgery.

Design: A prospective, randomized, double-masked clinical trial.

Subjects: A volunteer sample of patients age 18 or older from diverse ethnic, racial, and socioeconomic backgrounds scheduled for cataract surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.04.022DOI Listing

Trends in cervical cancer incidence rates by age, race/ethnicity, histological subtype, and stage at diagnosis in the United States.

Prev Med 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.

Recent trends of cervical cancer incidence by histology and age in the United States (U.S.) have not been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.04.010DOI Listing

Cardiometabolic risk factors in children born with marginally low birth weight: A longitudinal cohort study up to 7 years-of-age.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0215866. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Introduction: Low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) may predict an increased risk of an adverse cardiometabolic profile later in life, but long-term effects in different populations and birth weight strata are still unclear. We explored laboratory markers of cardiometabolic risk in children born with marginally LBW (2000-2500 g).

Methods: This was a prospective longitudinal cohort study including 285 Swedish marginally LBW children and 95 normal birth weight (NBW, 2501-4500 g) controls. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215866PLOS

Reducing ethnic disparity in access to high-quality HLA-matched cord blood units for transplantation: analysis of the Canadian Blood Services' Cord Blood Bank inventory.

Transfusion 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Canadian Blood Services' Cord Blood Bank, Ottawa, Ontario.

Background: Launched in 2013, Canadian Blood Services' Cord Blood Bank (CBS' CBB) has built a high-quality, ethnically diverse cord blood repository that aims to reduce ethnic disparity in accessing suitable units for transplantation.

Methods And Results: As of December 2016, 2000 units have been banked. The self-reported maternal ethnicity was 58% non-Caucasian. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/trf.15313DOI Listing

Association Between Opioid Dose Variability and Opioid Overdose Among Adults Prescribed Long-term Opioid Therapy.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e192613. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Aurora.

Importance: Attempts to discontinue opioid therapy to reduce the risk of overdose and adhere to prescribing guidelines may lead patients to be exposed to variability in opioid dosing. Such dose variability may increase the risk of opioid overdose even if therapy discontinuation is associated with a reduction in risk.

Objective: To examine the association between opioid dose variability and opioid overdose. Read More

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http://jamanetworkopen.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2613DOI Listing
April 2019
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POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS AND BIPHENYL IN SERUM - TIME TREND STUDY FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY FOR YEARS 2005/06 THROUGH 2013/14.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Eleven polybrominated diphenyl ether (tri- to decaBDE) congeners and 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl (BB153) have been measured in pooled samples from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for one decade (from survey years 2005/06 through 2013/14). The pools, which are representative of the general noninstitutionalized population of the United States, encompassed thirty-two demographic groups defined by sex, race/ethnicity (Mexican American, non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic white, all other race/ethnicities), and age (12-19, >20-39, >40-59, ≥60 years). The adjusted geometric means were determined for the six congeners (BDE28, BDE47, BDE99, BDE100, BDE153, BB153) with detectable concentrations in at least 60% of pools in each of the thirty-two demographic groups; the level of significance for pairwise comparisons thereof were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b00471DOI Listing

Substance use in kidney transplant candidates and its impact on access to kidney transplantation.

Clin Transplant 2019 Apr 19:e13565. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Division of Nephrology, Multi-Organ Transplant Program, University Health Network and University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Due to the increasing public acceptance of substance use, it is important to understand the association between substance use and access to kidney transplant and its outcomes. Here we assess the sociodemographic predictors of substance use and the association between substance use and KT access.

Methods: Predictors of substance use were examined using a multivariable-adjusted multinomial logistic regression. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ctr.13565
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.13565DOI Listing
April 2019
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Religious and spiritual struggles, religiousness, and alcohol problems among undergraduates.

J Prev Interv Community 2019 Apr 19:1-16. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

b Bowling Green State University , Bowling Green , OH , USA.

Theoretically, religion/spirituality may protect against alcohol problems or facilitate recovery. However, challenges can arise in religious/spiritual life that may contribute to or complicate alcohol problems. Emerging adults often experience difficult transitions from family environments to independent membership in academic communities straddling the legal drinking age boundary. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10852352.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10852352.2019.1603678DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Psychology across cultures: Challenges and opportunities.

Psychol Psychother 2019 Jun;92(2):261-276

Division of Psychology and Mental Health, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, School of Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, UK.

Large variations of inequalities in rates of mental health disorders and access to mental health care exist within and between countries. Globally, disparities range from countries where there is little provision to those where, despite the availability of evidence-based mental health care, service access and outcomes are mediated by social factors such as socio-economic status, race/ethnicity, and culture. This is salient because increasingly diverse populations are inevitably created with globalization. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/papt.12229
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/papt.12229DOI Listing
June 2019
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The Complex Etiology of Childhood Obesity in Arabs Is Highlighted by a Combination of Biological and Socio-Economic Factors.

Front Public Health 2019 2;7:72. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Clinical Services, Dasman Diabetes Institute, Kuwait City, Kuwait.

To identify predictors of childhood and adolescent obesity in Kuwaitis with Arab ethnicity. A cross-sectional sample of 6-18 year-old schoolchildren was randomly selected from 244 public schools across all six governorates in the State of Kuwait. Anthropometric data were measured from 6,574 Arab Kuwaiti schoolchildren, and a structured questionnaire was used to collect information on possible risk factors associated with obesity. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00072
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00072DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6455072PMC
April 2019
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Developing Normative Reference Values for Nerve Conduction Studies of Commonly Tested Nerves among a Sample Pakistani Population.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):178-184

Department of Neurophysiology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

Introduction: Most neurophysiology departments around the world establish their own normative data. However, ethnic differences are not taken into account. Our aim was to establish normal nerve conduction studies (NCS) data for routinely tested nerves in individuals of Pakistani (South Asian) origin and to compare with Western published data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_370_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454950PMC

Knowledge and perceptions about Pre-diabetes amongst doctors, medical students, and patients in a tertiary care hospital of Islamabad.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):527-532

Shifa College of Medicine, Shifa Tameer e Millat University, Islamabad.

Objective: To explore the knowledge and perceptions about pre-diabetes screening and management amongst physicians, final year medical students, and patients.

Methods: The cross-sectional observational study was conducted at Shifa International Hospital, Shifa Foundation Clinic and Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan, from November 2017 to February 2018. A structured questionnaire was used to assess doctors' and final year medical students' knowledge about screening and management of pre-diabetes. Read More

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April 2019
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High frequencies of Non Allelic Homologous Recombination (NAHR) events at the AZF loci and male infertility risk in Indian men.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 18;9(1):6276. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India.

Deletions in the AZoospermia Factor (AZF) regions (spermatogenesis loci) on the human Y chromosome are reported as one of the most common causes of severe testiculopathy and spermatogenic defects leading to male infertility, yet not much data is available for Indian infertile men. Therefore, we screened for AZF region deletions in 973 infertile men consisting of 771 azoospermia, 105 oligozoospermia and 97 oligoteratozoospermia cases, along with 587 fertile normozoospermic men. The deletion screening was carried out using AZF-specific markers: STSs (Sequence Tagged Sites), SNVs (Single Nucleotide Variations), PCR-RFLP (Polymerase Chain Reaction - Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) analysis of STS amplicons, DNA sequencing and Southern hybridization techniques. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42690-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42690-0DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read