125,714 results match your criteria Esophagogastroduodenoscopy


Spectrum of chronic gastrointestinal diseases with final outcome in children at a tertiary care centre: A single-centre study.

J Pak Med Assoc 2022 Jun;72(6):1188-1192

Department of Anaesthesia, Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute and Research Centre, Lahore, Pakistan.

Chronic gastrointestinal (GI) diseases in children present with a wide range of symptoms. Limited resources in Paediatric Gastroenterology in developing countries like Pakistan cause considerable difficulties in managing children with chronic GI diseases in a timely fashion. This retrospective descriptive study aimed to determine the spectrum and outcomes of chronic GI diseases in children. Read More

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Endoscopic management of postoperative fistulas using purse-string suture combining with cyanoacrylate.

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Gastroenterology, Shenzhen People's Hospital, China.

A 65-year-old man complained of choking and hoarseness for fifteen days, and was diagnosed with thyroid carcinoma infiltrating esophagus and trachea. Therefore, the patient underwent thyroidectomy, partial esophagectomy, and partial tracheal resection, and histopathology confirmed primary squamous cell carcinoma of the thyroid. Unfortunately, on the tenth postoperative day, an esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a large fistula (25 mm*20 mm) in esophageal introitus, and diagnosed with tracheoesophageal fistula due to sustained choking. Read More

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Spontaneous drainage of a pancreatic pseudocyst into the stomach.

Authors:
Yanjun Dong Jun Li

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Radiology, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, China.

A 45-year-old woman presented with a ten-day history of abdominal pain. Laboratory examination upon admission indicated increased serum amylase level of 213 U/L (35-135 U/L). Tumor markers were within the normal range. Read More

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EGD for Refractory Toxidromes: Is It Time to Add to the Algorithm?

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2022 Jan-Dec;10:23247096221106760

Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.

Toxic ingestions are an increasing concern among pediatric patients in the United States. Less common, but troubling, are those patients with persistent toxicity symptoms despite stabilization, resuscitative, and decontamination efforts. We report a case of refractory serotonin toxicity in an adolescent for whom endoscopic removal of medication remnants led to the resolution of his clinical course. Read More

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PD-1 Cellular Nanovesicles Carrying Gemcitabine to Inhibit the Proliferation of Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cell.

Pharmaceutics 2022 Jun 14;14(6). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences (Shenzhen), Shenzhen Campus of Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen 518107, China.

PD-1 inhibitor Keytruda combined with chemotherapy for Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has been approved for FDA, successfully representing the combination therapy of immunotherapy and chemotherapy for the first time in 2020. However, PD-L1 inhibitor Tecentriq combined with albumin paclitaxel using the similar strategy failed to achieve the expected effect. Therefore, it is still necessary to explore new effective immunotherapy and chemotherapy-based combined strategies. Read More

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Evaluation of a Diagnostic and Management Algorithm for Adult Caustic Ingestion: New Concept of Severity Stratification and Patient Categorization.

J Pers Med 2022 Jun 17;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan.

Background: Caustic ingestion has gained increasing attention worldwide. However, the insight into whether to use esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or computed tomography (CT) for first-line investigation remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate a diagnostic and management algorithm that combines EGD and CT for rapid triage. Read More

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What Is the Prevalence of Clinically Significant Endoscopic Findings in Subjects with Dyspepsia? Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: The prevalence of clinically significant endoscopic findings in people with dyspepsia and understanding how symptoms can predict endoscopic pathology can help inform dyspepsia guidelines. We evaluated this in an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane CENTRAL and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 2010 through to January 2022 to identify relevant articles. Read More

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Esophageal Squamous Cell Papilloma: A Report of Three Cases.

Cureus 2022 May 18;14(5):e25115. Epub 2022 May 18.

Pathology, Istanbul Sultanbeyli State Hospital, Istanbul, TUR.

Esophageal squamous papilloma (ESP) is a rare benign tumor. ESP is generally detected incidentally during esophagogastroduodenoscopy, which is usually performed to investigate dyspepsia. We present three cases of this rare endoscopic finding. Read More

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A pilot study demonstrating the impact of surgical bowel preparation on intestinal microbiota composition following colon and rectal surgery.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 22;12(1):10559. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

The intestinal microbiota has been implicated in the pathogenesis of complications following colorectal surgery, yet perioperative changes in gut microbiome composition are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to characterize the perioperative gut microbiome in patients undergoing colonoscopy and colorectal surgery and determine factors influencing its composition. Using Illumina amplicon sequencing coupled with targeted metabolomics, we characterized the fecal microbiota in: (A) patients (n = 15) undergoing colonoscopy who received mechanical bowel preparation, and (B) patients (n = 15) undergoing colorectal surgery who received surgical bowel preparation, composed of mechanical bowel preparation with oral antibiotics, and perioperative intravenous antibiotics. Read More

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Obscure Gastrointestinal Bleeding Caused by a Small Intestinal Lymphatic-venous Malformation: A Case Report with a Literature Review.

Intern Med 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mie University Hospital, Japan.

A 44-year-old woman presented with severe anemia. We strongly suspected gastrointestinal bleeding; however, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, and computed tomography showed no bleeding sources. Video capsule endoscopy revealed an actively bleeding submucosal lesion within the jejunum. Read More

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Noch mal: Nach positivem iFOBT schnellstens zur Koloskopie!

MMW Fortschr Med 2022 Jun;164(12):24-25

Privatpraxis für Integrative Innere Medizin, München, Deutschland.

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Antiperistaltic effect and safety of L-menthol for esophagogastroduodenoscopy in the elderly with contraindication to hyoscine-N-butylbromide.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 21;12(1):10418. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, #201, Section 2, Shipai Rd., Beitou District, Taipei, 11217, Taiwan.

Hyoscine-N-butylbromide (HBB) is the most used antiperistaltic agent during esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). However, almost half of the elderly have a contraindication to HBB. We aimed to evaluate L-menthol's antiperistaltic effect and safety for EGD in the elderly with contraindication to HBB. Read More

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Endoscopic submucosal dissection: the first reported experience from a New Zealand centre.

N Z Med J 2022 Feb 25;135(1550):121-132. Epub 2022 Feb 25.

MBBS, FRCP, FRACP; Gastroenterology Department, North Shore Hospital, Waitemata District Health Board, Auckland.

Aim: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is internationally accepted as a minimally invasive procedure to treat early gastrointestinal cancers endoscopically. Uptake of this procedure in the West is limited. No published data are available in New Zealand. Read More

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February 2022

Modified and alternative Baveno VI criteria based on age for ruling out high-risk varices in patients with compensated cirrhosis.

Hepatol Int 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tianjin Second People's Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Background: The Baveno VI criteria (B6C) have been recommended to screen high-risk varices (HRV) in patients with liver cirrhosis to avoid the use of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Due to conservative nature of B6C and the general unavailability of transient elastography in the medical institutions, clinical application of B6C is restricted. We aimed to optimize B6C and attempted to replace the liver stiffness (LS) score with other parameters that could help patients avoid EGD. Read More

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CRP and ALT Levels in Individuals with Acute Biliary Pancreatitis after Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography and Endoscopic Sphincterotomy.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 11;2022:6492551. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Emergency Division, Huzhou Central Hospital & Affiliated Central Hospital Huzhou University, Huzhou 313000, China.

Objective: The goal of this study was to see how effective endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography combined with endoscopic sphincterotomy was in treating acute biliary pancreatitis and how it affected CRP and ALT levels.

Methods: This analysis is based on a 100-patient acute pancreatitis (ABP) study conducted at our institution from June 2019 to June 2020. They were divided into two groups of 50 cases each, the control group and the observational group, according to the random number table. Read More

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Effectiveness of a multi-loop traction device for colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection performed by trainees: a pilot study.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 17;12(1):10197. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Gastroenterology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, 1397-1 Yamane, Hidaka, Saitama, 350-1298, Japan.

Colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a difficult procedure, and its introduction to trainees has been debated. Although the criteria for performing colorectal ESD vary among institutions, it is often allowed after gaining experience performing surgeries in animals and upper gastrointestinal ESD. This pilot study aimed to compare the treatment outcomes of ESD performed by trainees using the multi-loop traction device (MLTD group) and those of conventional ESD performed by experts (control group). Read More

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Retrospective analysis of different therapeutic approaches for retroperitoneal duodenal perforations.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 17;12(1):10243. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, University Hospital of Tübingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076, Tübingen, Germany.

Surgical therapy of duodenal perforation into the retroperitoneum entails high morbidity. Conservative treatment and endoscopic negative pressure therapy have been suggested as promising therapeutic alternatives. We aimed to retrospectively assess outcomes of patients treated for duodenal perforation to the retroperitoneum at our department. Read More

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Magnified endoscopy with texture and color enhanced imaging with indigo carmine for superficial nonampullary duodenal tumor: a pilot study.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 20;12(1):10381. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Inohana 1-8-1, Chiba-City, 260-8670, Japan.

This pilot study aimed to investigate the utility of texture and color enhancement imaging (TXI) with magnified endoscopy (ME) for the preoperative diagnosis of superficial nonampullary duodenal epithelial tumors (SNADETs). We prospectively evaluated 12 SNADETs. The visibility for ME-TXI, ME with indigo carmine (ICME)-white-light imaging (WLI), ICME-TXI compared to ME-NBI (narrow-band imaging) was scored (+ 2 to - 2 ME-NBI was set as score 0) by 3 experts. Read More

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Identifying the factors promoting colorectal cancer screening uptake in Hong Kong using Andersen's behavioural model of health services use.

BMC Public Health 2022 Jun 20;22(1):1228. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

The Nethersole School of Nursing, 7/F, Esther Lee Building, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is an effective strategy to aid early cancer detection. However, the decision to undergo screening can be affected by a variety of factors. The aims of this study were to examine current CRC screening uptake in Hong Kong and identify the factors associated with it using Andersen's Behavioural Model as a guiding framework. Read More

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Kyoto international consensus report on anatomy, pathophysiology and clinical significance of the gastro-oesophageal junction.

Gut 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Institute of Pathology, Klinikum Bayreuth, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen, Nurenberg, Germany.

Objective: An international meeting was organised to develop consensus on (1) the landmarks to define the gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ), (2) the occurrence and pathophysiological significance of the cardiac gland, (3) the definition of the gastro-oesophageal junctional zone (GOJZ) and (4) the causes of inflammation, metaplasia and neoplasia occurring in the GOJZ.

Design: Clinical questions relevant to the afore-mentioned major issues were drafted for which expert panels formulated relevant statements and textural explanations.A Delphi method using an anonymous system was employed to develop the consensus, the level of which was predefined as ≥80% of agreement. Read More

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Interventional endoscopy for abdominal transplant patients.

Semin Pediatr Surg 2022 Jun 26;31(3):151190. Epub 2022 May 26.

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave., MLC 2010, Cincinnati, OH 45229, United States; Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, United States.

Interventional endoscopy can play a significant role in the care and management of children pre-and post- abdominal solid organ transplantation. Such procedures primarily include endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), and balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BAE), though additional interventions are available using standard endoscopes (gastroscopes, colonoscopes) for therapeutics purposes such as endoscopic hemostasis. The availability of pediatric practitioners with the advanced training to effectively and safely perform these procedures are most often limited to large tertiary care pediatric centers. Read More

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Giant esophageal liposarcoma with squamous cell carcinoma resected via the cervical approach: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2022 Jun 20;8(1):118. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Surgery, Hiroshima City Hiroshima Citizens Hospital, 7-33 Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima, 730-8518, Japan.

Background: Liposarcoma is one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas, but is extremely rarely found in the esophagus. There have been no reports of esophageal liposarcoma together with superficial carcinoma of the esophagus. Here, we report a patient who underwent complete resection of esophageal liposarcoma with carcinoma via a cervical approach. Read More

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Is qFIT a useful tool in prioritising symptomatic patients referred with suspect colorectal cancer in the COVID-19 era?

Ulster Med J 2022 May 15;91(2):79-84. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

General and Colorectal Surgical Unit, Ulster Hospital, Dundonald, Belfast, UK.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is an evolving healthcare challenge causing secondary disruption of cancer services. Quantitative Faecal Immunochemical Testing (qFIT) has been established as a screening method in asymptomatic patients. We aim to assess its utility as a triage tool to prioritise investigations in symptomatic patients with suspected colorectal cancer. Read More

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Digital single-operator video cholangioscopy improves endoscopic management in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis-a retrospective observational study.

World J Gastroenterol 2022 May;28(20):2201-2213

Department of Medicine B (Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Endocrinology, Clinical Infectiology), University Hospital Muenster, Muenster 48149, Germany.

Background: Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are at a high risk of developing cholestatic liver disease and biliary cancer, and endoscopy is crucial for the complex management of these patients.

Aim: To clarify the utility of recently introduced digital single-operator video cholangioscopy (SOVC) for the endoscopic management of PSC patients.

Methods: In this observational study, all patients with a history of PSC and in whom digital SOVC (using the SpyGlass DS System) was performed between 2015 and 2019 were included and retrospectively analysed. Read More

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First prospective European study for the feasibility and safety of magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy in gastric mucosal abnormalities.

World J Gastroenterol 2022 May;28(20):2227-2242

Department of Gastroenterology, Endo-Kapszula Health Centre and Endoscopy Unit, Székesfehérvár 8000,

Background: While capsule endoscopy (CE) is the gold standard diagnostic method of detecting small bowel (SB) diseases and disorders, a novel magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy (MCCE) system provides non-invasive evaluation of the gastric mucosal surface, which can be performed without sedation or discomfort. During standard SBCE, passive movement of the CE may cause areas of the complex anatomy of the gastric mucosa to remain unexplored, whereas the precision of MCCE capsule movements inside the stomach promises better visualization of the entire mucosa.

Aim: To evaluate the Ankon MCCE system's feasibility, safety, and diagnostic yield in patients with gastric or SB disorders. Read More

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Esophageal tuberculosis as an unusual cause of dysphagia: a case report.

Pan Afr Med J 2022 18;41:225. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Gastroenterology Department, Mohamed Tahar Maamouri Hospital, Nabeul, Tunisia.

Esophageal tuberculosis is a rare cause of infectious esophagitis, even in countries with endemic tuberculosis. This impairment is often secondary. We report a case of secondary esophageal tuberculosis in an immunocompetent patient, clinically revealed by dysphagia. Read More

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Upper Gastrointestinal Tract IrAEs: A Case Report About Sintilimab-Induced Acute Erosive Hemorrhagic Gastritis.

Front Immunol 2022 3;13:840916. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

The Second Affiliated Hospital, Department of Digestive Internal Medicine, Hengyang Medical School, University of South China, Hengyang, China.

Introduction: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have now become the standard therapy for malignancies like non-small cell lung cancer and classical Hodgkin's lymphoma. ICIs are associated with unique immune-related adverse events (irAEs) caused by dysregulated immune activation. Treatment of lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract irAEs, such as colitis, is more common. Read More

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Lessons learned: Preventable misses and near-misses of endoscopic procedures.

World J Gastrointest Endosc 2022 May;14(5):302-310

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY 12208, United States.

Endoscopy is a complex procedure that requires advanced training and a highly skilled practitioner. The advances in the field of endoscopy have made it an invaluable diagnostic tool, but the procedure remains provider dependent. The quality of endoscopy may vary from provider to provider and, as a result, is not perfect. Read More

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Identification of Upper Gastrointestinal Diseases during Screening Gastroscopy through Deep Convolutional Neural Network Algorithm.

Gastrointest Endosc 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Clinical Research Center, Dazhou Central Hospital, Dazhou, Sichuan, China; Center of Intelligent Medicine, Computer Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: The clinical application of gastrointestinal endoscopy for the diagnosis of multiple diseases using artificial intelligence (AI) has been limited by its high false positive rates. There is an unmet need to develop a Gastrointestinal Endoscopy AI-assisted Diagnosis System (GEADS) to improve diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility.

Methods: In this retrospective, multicenter study, a convolutional neural network was trained to assess upper gastrointestinal diseases based on 26,228 endoscopic images from Dazhou Central Hospital that were randomly assigned (3:1:1) to the training dataset, validation dataset, and test dataset, respectively. Read More

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Clinical setting should be considered in studies evaluating bowel preparation.

Gastrointest Endosc 2022 Jul;96(1):169-170

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

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