1,173 results match your criteria Esophageal Leiomyoma


Natural History of Asymptomatic Esophageal Subepithelial Tumors of 30 mm or Less in Size.

J Korean Med Sci 2022 Jun 13;37(23):e184. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Gastroenterology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: No definite guidelines for the management of small esophageal subepithelial tumors (SETs) have been established, because there are limited data and studies on their natural history. We aimed to assess the natural history and propose optimal management strategies for small esophageal SETs.

Methods: Patients diagnosed as esophageal SETs ≤ 30 mm in size between 2003 and 2017 using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) with a minimal follow-up of 3 months were enrolled, and their esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and EUS were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Right video-assisted thoracoscopic enucleation of an upper thoracic esophageal leiomyoma.

Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg 2022 Jun 6;2022. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Hepato-gastro-enterology Denshal teaching hospital, Damanhour, Egypt.

Leiomyomas are rare benign tumors of the esophagus that account for about 4% of all esophageal tumors. Recently, the great improvements in minimally invasive techniques have made the resection of mediastinal and pulmonary neoplasms more feasible through video-assisted thoracoscopic or robotic surgery. Our video tutorial describes our approach for a right-sided 3-port thoracoscopic resection of an upper esophageal leiomyoma. Read More

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Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus: differentiation from esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and leiomyoma using dynamic contrast-enhanced CT findings.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Radiology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, No. 52 Fu Cheng Road, Hai Dian District, Beijing, 100142, China.

Purpose: This study aimed to summarize the computed tomography (CT) findings of PMME and differentiate it from esophageal SCC and leiomyoma using CT analysis.

Methods: This was a retrospective study including 23 patients with PMME, 69 patients with SCC, and 21 patients with leiomyoma in our hospital. Qualitative CT morphological characteristics of each lesion included the location, tumor range, ulcer, enhanced pattern, and so on. Read More

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Surgical Treatment for Esophageal Leiomyoma: 13 Years of Experience in a High-Volume Tertiary Hospital.

Front Oncol 2022 11;12:876277. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: Esophageal leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor in the esophagus. Thoracotomy and thoracoscopy are both elective for esophageal leiomyoma enucleation. This study aimed at presenting surgical experience in our center and exploring more suitable surgical methods for different situations. Read More

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Leiomyoma of the esophagus: A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 13;94:107078. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of General Surgery, Hospital Mohamed Taher Maamouri, Nabeul, Tunisia; University Tunis El Manar, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Tunisia.

Introduction: Benign tumors represent less than 1% of esophageal neoplasms. Esophageal leiomyoma is a very rare tumor that arises from mesenchymal tissue. We present here a case of leiomyoma of the esophagus which was revealed by dysphagia and vomiting that was treated by surgical enucleation. Read More

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Endoscopic full-thickness resection of an esophageal leiomyoma located in close proximity to the azygos vein.

DEN open 2022 Apr 25;2(1):e30. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine Fukuoka Japan.

Third-space endoscopic techniques, such as peroral endoscopic tumor resection (POET) and submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER), enable access to deep organs and tissues that have been previously inaccessible with an endoscope. We present a 29-year-old man with a submucosal tumor (40 × 25 mm) located at 5 o'clock in the upper thoracic esophagus. Histological diagnosis by endoscopic ultrasound-fine needle aspiration was leiomyoma. Read More

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Laparoscopic enucleation for gastric leiomyoma in the antrum (with video).

Asian J Surg 2022 07 9;45(7):1473-1474. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, China. Electronic address:

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Totally robotic enucleation of a mid-esophageal leiomyoma.

Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg 2022 Feb 18;2022. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Chicago IL.

Enucleation of an esophageal leiomyoma is the treatment of choice in symptomatic patients. Several open or minimally invasive approaches have been shown to be safe and effective. Robotic approaches allow for delicate and precise dissection with improved three-dimensional visualization. Read More

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February 2022

Robotic-assisted surgery for esophageal submucosal tumors: a single-center case series.

Updates Surg 2022 Jun 11;74(3):1043-1054. Epub 2022 Feb 11.

Mainz University, Johannes Gutenberg Universitat Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Esophageal submucosal tumors (SMTs) are rare heterogenous clinical entities. The surgical resection can be performed in different surgical approaches. However, the robotic surgical strategy is poorly documented in the treatment of SMTs. Read More

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Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery vs. Thoracotomy for the Treatment in Patients With Esophageal Leiomyoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Surg 2021 11;8:809253. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, West-China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Surgical treatment is usually suitable for patients with esophageal leiomyoma. Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) offers a minimally invasive approach to thoracotomy. However, there is no clear conclusion on whether VATS can achieve an equal or even better surgical effect when compared with the traditional open approach in the treatment of esophageal leiomyoma. Read More

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January 2022

Thoracoscopic resection of a large lower esophageal schwannoma: A case report and review of the literature.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Dec;9(35):11061-11070

Department of Gastroenterology, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Lanzhou 730030, Gansu Province, China.

Background: Esophageal schwannomas originating from Schwann cells are extremely rare esophageal tumors. They commonly occur in the upper and middle esophagus but less frequently in the lower esophagus. Herein, we report a rare case of a large lower esophageal schwannoma misdiagnosed as a leiomyoma. Read More

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December 2021

Giant Esophageal Leiomyoma: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Nov 18;22:e934557. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Thoracic Unit, Department of Surgery, King Fahd Hospital of the University, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

BACKGROUND Leiomyoma is a rare, benign, esophageal tumor that does not often measure >10 cm. Here, we report a case of giant esophageal leiomyoma in a 24-year-old man. CASE REPORT A 24-year-old man who smoked and had primary hypertension and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency presented with a history of shortness of breath and productive cough with yellowish sputum, a long history of dysphagia to solid food, and a weight loss of 7 kg over 2 months. Read More

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November 2021

Carney's triad in an adult male from a tertiary care center in India: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Nov 16;15(1):559. Epub 2021 Nov 16.

Sarcoma Medical Oncology Clinic, BRA IRCH, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Carney's triad is a rare syndrome comprising gastrointestinal stromal tumor, extra-adrenal paraganglioma, and pulmonary chondroma along with newer additions of adrenal adenoma and esophageal leiomyoma. The triad is completely manifest in only 25-30% cases, with most patients presenting with two out of three parts of the syndrome. Wild-type succinate-dehydrogenase-deficient gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor forms the most common component of Carney's triad and is usually multicentric and multifocal. Read More

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November 2021

Thoracoscopic enucleation of a large esophageal leiomyoma in the lower esophagus: challenges and solutions.

Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Nov 26;37(6):694-697. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Surgical Disciplines, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Esophageal leiomyomas are rare tumors which have been conventionally managed using open surgery. Only few reports describe the enucleation of large or circumferential leiomyoma successfully managed by thoracoscopy. We herein describe a case of a large circumferential esophageal leiomyoma successfully enucleated using thoracoscopy. Read More

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November 2021

Multiple Esophageal Leiomyoma Presenting with Clinical Dysphagia from Mechanical Obstruction and Motility Disorder.

Case Rep Gastroenterol 2021 Sep-Dec;15(3):861-868. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Anatomical pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

Esophageal leiomyoma is uncommon. However, this tumor is the most common subepithelial tumor affecting the esophagus, comprising approximately two-thirds of benign esophageal tumors. Leiomyomas of the esophagus rarely cause symptoms when they are single and <5 cm. Read More

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September 2021

A comparison of bronchial blocker under artificial pneumothorax and double-lumen endobronchial tube for lung isolation in thoracoscopic enucleation of oesophageal leiomyoma.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Oct 31;16(1):322. Epub 2021 Oct 31.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, CAMS & PUMC, No. 1 Shuaifuyuan, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

Background: Oesophageal leiomyomas are one of the most common benign oesophageal tumours. This retrospective, observational study summarized and compared the clinical outcomes of thoracoscopic enucleation of oesophageal leiomyoma between single-lumen endotracheal intubation with a bronchial blocker and double-lumen endotracheal intubation.

Methods: A total of 36 patients who underwent thoracoscopic enucleation of oesophageal leiomyoma at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2014 and 2020 were retrospectively analysed. Read More

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October 2021

Complete thoracoscopic enucleation of the esophageal leiomyoma at the level of the azygos vein: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Nov 25;88:106537. Epub 2021 Oct 25.

The Thoracic Surgery Department, Da Nang Hospital, Viet Nam. Electronic address:

Benign tumors of the esophagus are rare. Among them, leiomyomas are common. Surgical enucleation is indicated in cases, which have symptoms or large tumors. Read More

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November 2021

A Giant Upper Esophageal Leiomyoma: A Rare Case.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Oct 15;22:e932430. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Department of Radiology, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama, Bahrain.

BACKGROUND Benign esophageal neoplasms are uncommon, representing less than 10% of esophageal tumors. Esophageal leiomyomas are benign mesenchymal esophageal tumors, typically involving the distal two-thirds of the esophagus. However, upper esophageal leiomyoma is unusual. Read More

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October 2021

Submucosal tunnel endoscopic resection for a large leiomyoma originating from the muscularis propria in the upper esophagus.

Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2022 06;114(6):348-349

Gastroenterology, The People's Hospital of Leshan.

A 57-year-old female underwent esophago-gastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for dysphagia and a mass was found with a central depression in the esophagus, 20 cm from incisors. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed a well-defined 3 x 3 cm esophageal mass and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) revealed a heterogeneously hypoechoic mass originating from the muscularis propria. Read More

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Video assisted thoracoscopy or laparoscopy for enucleation of esophageal leiomyoma: A seven-year single center experience of 75 cases.

J Visc Surg 2022 04 23;159(2):108-113. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Department of Surgery, Hanoi Medical University, 1, rue Ton That Tung, Kim Lien, Dong Da, Hanoi, Viet Nam.

Objective: Leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor of the esophagus. Extra mucosal enucleation is the standard treatment. Herein we evaluated the feasibility and the outcomes of Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) using video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) or laparoscopic surgery (VALS) for esophageal leiomyoma enucleation. Read More

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Subepithelial tunneling endoscopic resection with intratunnel morcellation for a giant esophageal leiomyoma.

Endoscopy 2022 Jul 9;54(7):E364-E365. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Shivanand Desai Center for Digestive Disorders, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Center, Pune, India.

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Esophageal Inflammatory Fibroid Polyp After Button Battery Ingestion.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2021 12;73(6):e126

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI.

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December 2021

Missed Giant Lower Esophageal Leiomyoma in a Young Female Presenting with Refractory Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.

Case Rep Med 2021 20;2021:9925224. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Endoscopy, Cho-Ray Hospital, Hochiminh, Vietnam.

Esophageal leiomyoma is a rare disease commonly reported in middle-aged patients with a male predominance. Many patients are asymptomatic, and a few may present with symptoms such as dysphagia and chest pain. However, heartburn is only reported in patients with accompanying hiatal hernia. Read More

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Robotic Enucleation of a Large Gastroesophageal Junction Leiomyoma.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Dec 16;28(13):8973-8974. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.

In this multimedia article, we demonstrate transabdominal robotic enucleation of a large, multilobulated leiomyoma at the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ). The robotic platform provides stereoscopic visualization and wristed motion, which improved ease of an organ-sparing resection in a challenging anatomic location. Alternative minimally invasive approaches to tumors in this location have been reported including endoscopic, endoscopic with laparoscopic assistance, laparoscopic, and thoracoscopic approaches, with choice of approach dependent upon the location and configuration of the tumor Milito et al. Read More

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December 2021

Esophageal Leiomyomatosis Complicated with Achalasia in a Child With Alport Syndrome.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2021 10;73(4):e105

Department of Pediatrics, Hsinchu MacKay Memorial Hospital.

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October 2021

Holmium laser enucleation of an esophageal leiomyoma in endoscopic tunnel technique.

VideoGIE 2021 Jun 13;6(6):250-251. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg Medical Centre, Freiburg, Germany.

Video 1We present a case of a 76 year old patient undergoing holmium laser enucleation of an esophageal leiomyoma in endoscopic tunnel technique. Read More

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Robot-assisted thoracoscopic enucleation for a large esophageal leiomyoma: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 May 26;7(1):129. Epub 2021 May 26.

Thoracic Surgery, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Akita, Japan.

Background: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is being used to treat esophageal submucosal tumors (SMTs) all over the world. However, this technique is difficult when the tumor is large and located on the left side wall of the esophagus, within the upper mediastinum. This is because, with VATS, the surgical forceps have a limited range of motion. Read More

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[Symptomatic Esophageal Leiomyoma].

Korean J Gastroenterol 2021 05;77(5):258-260

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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Spindle cell neoplasms of the upper gastrointestinal tract, hepatobiliary tract, and pancreas by fine needle aspiration: A single institutional experience of 15 years with follow-up data.

Diagn Cytopathol 2021 Sep 18;49(9):987-996. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Robert J Tomsich Pathology & Laboratory Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Background: The diagnosis of spindle cell neoplasms (SCN) of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract, hepatobiliary tract, and pancreas detected by fine needle aspiration (FNA) is challenging. We describe a single-center experience of these samples with follow-up data and characterization of the morphologic findings.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed pathology records for all FNAs diagnostic for or suggestive of SCN on esophagus, stomach, small bowel, liver, and pancreas in a 15 year period. Read More

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September 2021