1,144 results match your criteria Esophageal Leiomyoma


Robot-assisted thoracoscopic enucleation for a large esophageal leiomyoma: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 May 26;7(1):129. Epub 2021 May 26.

Thoracic Surgery, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Akita, Japan.

Background: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is being used to treat esophageal submucosal tumors (SMTs) all over the world. However, this technique is difficult when the tumor is large and located on the left side wall of the esophagus, within the upper mediastinum. This is because, with VATS, the surgical forceps have a limited range of motion. Read More

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[Symptomatic Esophageal Leiomyoma].

Korean J Gastroenterol 2021 May;77(5):258-260

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

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Esophageal leiomyoma and simultaneous overlying squamous cell carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature.

BMC Surg 2021 Apr 29;21(1):221. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

Background: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common epithelial tumor of the esophagus. Upper endoscopy with multiple minimally invasive biopsies should be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Leiomyoma of esophagus is rare, but it's the most common benign submucosal mesenchymal tumor of the esophagus. Read More

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Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma mimicking submucosal tumour.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 1;21(1):150. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Gastroenterology, 900Th Hospital of People's Liberation Army, 156 North Road, West second Ring Road, Gulou District, Fuzhou, 350025, China.

Background: Oesophageal submucosal tumours are usually benign. We report a rare case of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma presenting as a submucosal tumour.

Case Presentation: A 58-year-old man undergoing screening oesophago-gastroduodenoscopy was found to have a smooth-surfaced 0. Read More

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Complete laparoscopic-transhiatal removal of duplex benign oesophageal tumour: case report and review of literature.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Feb 2;21(1):47. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Surgery, University of Szeged, Semmelweis u. 8, 6725, Szeged, Hungary.

Background: Leiomyoma is the most common benign oesophageal tumour. Half of all leiomyoma patients have oesophagus-associated complaints, such as dysphagia and epigastric pain, and the other 50% are asymptomatic with a diagnosis made on incidental discovery. Endoscopic ultrasonography is essential for an accurate preoperative workup and can enable guided-tissue acquisition for immunohistochemistry in certain cases. Read More

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February 2021

[Safety and feasibility of laparoscopic double-flap technique in digestive tract reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy for esophagogastric junction tumors larger than 5 cm].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Feb;24(2):167-172

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine/Guangdong Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, China.

To investigate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic double-flap technique (Kamikawa) in digestive tract reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy for esophagogastric junction (EGJ) leiomyoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) with the maximum diameter >5 cm. A descriptive case-series study was used to retrospectively analyze the data of patients with EGJ leiomyoma and GIST undergoing laparoscopic-assisted proximal gastrectomy and double-flap technique (Kamikawa) at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Guangdong Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from September 2017 to March 2019. All the tumors invaded the cardia dentate line, and the maximum diameter was >5 cm. Read More

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February 2021

Smooth Muscle Operator: Robotic-Assisted Enucleation of an Esophageal Leiomyoma.

Dig Dis Sci 2021 Jan 22. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

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January 2021

Large leiomyoma of lower esophagus diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasonography-fine needle aspiration: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2020 Nov;8(22):5809-5815

Department of Hepatology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, Jilin Province, China.

Background: Benign esophageal tumors are rare accounting for < 1% of esophageal tumors; two-thirds of which are leiomyomas. Esophageal leiomyoma is a benign tumor derived from mesenchymal tissue that is completely muscularly differentiated. Most esophageal leiomyomas are < 5 cm. Read More

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November 2020

Endoscopic resection of benign esophageal schwannoma: Three case reports and review of literature.

World J Clin Cases 2020 Nov;8(22):5690-5700

Department of Gastroenterology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan 250012, Shangdong Province, China.

Background: Esophageal schwannomas are uncommon esophageal submucosal benign tumors and are usually treated with surgery.

Case Summary: Here, we report three cases of middle/lower thoracic esophageal schwannoma treated successfully with endoscopic resection. These lesions were misdiagnosed as leiomyoma on preoperative imaging. Read More

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November 2020

Giant circumferential esophageal leiomyoma successfully treated by thoracoscopic enucleation with the patient in a prone position: A case report.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2020 Dec 14. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Japan.

Esophageal leiomyomas are common benign tumors. Although surgical resection is warranted in symptomatic patients, the procedure used to enucleate a giant, circumferential tumor is complicated. A 38-year-old man was referred to our institution with a diagnosis of submucosal esophageal tumor. Read More

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December 2020

Differential diagnosis for esophageal protruded lesions using a deep convolution neural network in endoscopic images.

Gastrointest Endosc 2021 06 13;93(6):1261-1272.e2. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background And Aims: Recent advances in deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have led to remarkable results in digestive endoscopy. In this study, we aimed to develop CNN-based models for the differential diagnosis of benign esophageal protruded lesions using endoscopic images acquired during real clinical settings.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the images from 1217 patients who underwent white-light endoscopy (WLE) and EUS between January 2015 and April 2020. Read More

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Leiomyoma of esophagus-A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 23;76:285-287. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Department of General Surgery, D. Y. Patil Medical College, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, 416006, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: Benign tumors of the esophagus are rare. However, among them, leiomyomas are common. Tumors larger than 5 cm are rare and may present as dysphagia or epigastric pain. Read More

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September 2020

[Minimally invasive treatment with function preservation for submucosal tumors in the gastric cardia].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2020 Oct;23(10):944-948

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130041, China.

The detection rate of submucosal tumors in the gastric cardia increases year by year. Most of these tumors are benign or borderline tumors, among which leiomyoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumor are more common. The functional preservation of the gastric cardiac region is closely related to the anatomical structure of the esophagogastric junction. Read More

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October 2020

Endoscopic submucosal dissection of coexisting early esophageal carcinoma and leiomyoma: a case report and review of the literature.

J Int Med Res 2020 Oct;48(10):300060520961246

Department of Gastroenterology, The First People's Hospital of Changzhou, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou, Jiangsu, China.

The occurrence of early esophageal cancer located within an area of leiomyoma is extremely rare, and its clinical features and treatment methods have not been well described. We herein report the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment methods of early esophageal cancer that developed on top of a leiomyoma in the upper third of the esophagus in a 78-year-old woman. All tumor marker concentrations were normal. Read More

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October 2020

Intramural esophageal bronchogenic cyst.

Cir Cir 2020 ;88(Suppl 1):94-97

Servicio de Cirugía General, Hospital Privado Universitario de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina.

Antecedentes: Los quistes broncogénicos esofágicos son sacos cerrados originados de brotes anormales del tubo -traqueobronquial primitivo. Estas lesiones suelen ser asintomáticas, por lo que pueden hallarse incidentalmente o pueden causar síntomas por compresión de estructuras adyacentes. Son lesiones muy poco comunes; se han publicado unos 23 casos en adultos. Read More

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January 2020

Clinical outcomes in the surgical treatment of esophageal leiomyoma: A retrospective evaluation of 13 cases.

Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg 2020 Jul 28;28(3):505-513. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Department of Gastroenterology, Medeniyet University, Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the surgical outcomes after enucleation of esophageal leiomyomas and present the feasibility of enucleation using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

Methods: The medical records of 13 patients (8 males, 5 females; mean age 45.9 years; range, 30 to 69 years) who underwent open or thoracoscopic surgery for an esophageal leiomyoma between April 2007 and June 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Submucosal Tunnel Endoscopic Resection of Gastric Lesion Before Obesity Surgery: a Case Series.

Obes Surg 2020 Nov 17;30(11):4636-4642. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Department of Minimally Invasive Digestive Surgery, Antoine Beclere Hospital AP-HP, Clamart, France.

Background: Submucosal tumors (SMTs) of the gastrointestinal tract are a rare pathological entity comprising a wide variety of neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. Even if most SMTs are benign tumors (e.g. Read More

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November 2020

Primary monophasic synovial sarcoma of the cervical esophagus confirmed by detection of the SS18-SSX2 fusion transcripts: case report and literature review.

Surg Case Rep 2020 Jul 20;6(1):176. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima-shi, Kagoshima, 890-8520, Japan.

Background: Synovial sarcoma (SS) of the esophagus is extremely rare. Because of the microscopic features of SS, the monophasic type can easily be misdiagnosed as other spindle cell tumors. Here, we present the first case of a primary SS of the esophagus in the presence of SS18-SSX2 fusion transcripts. Read More

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Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma or high-grade dysplasia overlying leiomyoma, rare but not to be neglected.

Esophagus 2021 Jan 30;18(1):125-137. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Pathology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100021, China.

Background: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and leiomyoma are common tumors. The coexistence of these two tumors can be classified into two types: the overlying type and the separate type. The overlying type is rare. Read More

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January 2021

Thoracoscopic surgery combined with endoscopic creation of a submucosal tunnel for a large complicated esophageal leiomyoma.

Surg Case Rep 2020 May 6;6(1):92. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Surgery and Oncology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

Background: The standard surgical method for symptomatic submucosal tumors (SMTs) or tumors with unclear biological behavior is enucleation. Minimally invasive approaches are usually considered appropriate for surgical enucleation; thus, thoracoscopic and laparoscopic enucleation is performed widely and safely. However, it is sometimes difficult to enucleate large and complicated esophageal tumors using thoracoscopic surgery, and even if rare, there is the risk of requiring thoracotomy or esophagectomy. Read More

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A Right Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Enucleation of a Calcified Esophageal Leiomyoma: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2020 May 6;21:e922422. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

BACKGROUND Benign esophageal tumors are considered rare, and most commonly are leiomyomas with the incidence of 0.005%. They arise intramurally in the distal two-thirds of the esophagus and are multiple in about 5% of patients. Read More

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Clitoral leiomyoma in a premenopausal woman: a case report.

BMC Womens Health 2020 05 1;20(1):89. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Geneva University Hospitals, 30 Bld de la Cluse, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Extrauterine leiomyomata is an uncommon lesion that can lead to several problems of differential diagnosis, especially when localized in the external genitalia. There are few reports in the English literature and a novel association with Alport's syndrome has been investigated since the 1980s.

Case Presentation: Here, we describe the case of a premenopausal woman who presented with an indolent swelling of the right interlabial fossa that resulted in a Bartholin cyst. Read More

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Robotic resection of an esophageal leiomyoma.

Multimed Man Cardiothorac Surg 2020 Jan 21;2020. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Surgery Thoracic Surgery Prisma Health Upstate Greenville, SC.

The use of robotic thoracic surgery as an alternative to open resections or video assisted thoracoscopy has increased in recent years due to its many potential benefits to patients. These benefits include less pain and therefore less use of pain medication, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery, and fewer complications.  This video tutorial describes the robotic resection of a 37-mm by 30-mm esophageal leiomyoma. Read More

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January 2020

Giant Gastroesophageal Leiomyoma: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management.

J Gastrointest Cancer 2020 Sep;51(3):1039-1043

Department of Surgical Oncology, Apollo Cancer Institutes, No. 35, Padma Complex, Anna Salai, Chennai, 600035, India.

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September 2020

Clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical characteristics of upper gastrointestinal leiomyomas harboring interstitial cells of Cajal: A potential mimicker of gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2020 Apr 5;45:151476. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Koç University Hospital, Department of Pathology, Turkey.

Objective: To analyze clinicopathologic characteristics of upper gastrointestinal leiomyomas and to determine the distribution and immunohistochemical features of interstitial cells of Cajal, in order to designate whether they can cause diagnostic challenges.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-four upper gastrointestinal leiomyomas (14 esophagus, 10 stomach) were retrieved. CD117, DOG-1 and muscle markers were performed. Read More

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Outcomes of submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection in upper gastrointestinal sub-epithelial tumors.

Indian J Gastroenterol 2019 12 30;38(6):509-517. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, 6-3-661, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, 500 082, India.

Background: Submucosal tunneling techniques have expanded the horizon of therapeutic endoscopy. One such procedure, submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER), enables the endoscopic removal of gastrointestinal (GI) sub-epithelial tumors. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of STER in patients with sub-epithelial lesions localized to the upper GI tract. Read More

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December 2019

Diffuse leiomyomatosis with circumferential thickening of the gastrointestinal wall, resembling human diffuse leiomyomatosis, in a young miniature dachshund.

J Vet Med Sci 2020 Feb 18;82(2):139-142. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-58 Rinku-Ourai-Kita, Izumisano, Osaka 598-8531, Japan.

Leiomyoma is the most common mesenchymal tumor in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Leiomyomas usually have a single or multinodular mass of various sizes, and affected animals can develop alimentary symptoms depending on the location and size. A 3-year old female miniature dachshund died after a history of refractory rectal prolapse, esophagectasis and aspiration pneumonia. Read More

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February 2020

[Diagnostics and treatment of patients with giant leiomyoma of the esophagus].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2019 (12):47-53

Novosibirsk State Medical University of the Ministry of Health, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Diagnostics and surgical treatment of 2 patients with giant esophageal leiomyoma are reported. The diagnosis was confirmed by chest computed tomography, MRI of the mediastinum, endoscopic ultrasound. Resection of tumor with mucosa suturing and Nissen fundoplication was performed in 1 case. Read More

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December 2019

Oesophageal carcinoma mimicking a submucosal lesion: A case report.

World J Gastrointest Endosc 2019 Nov;11(11):541-547

Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Government Stanley Medical College, Chennai 600001, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Oesophageal cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related deaths in India. Esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) arise from the epithelial layer, and commonly present as polypoidal, ulcerative or ulceroproliferative growth in the oesophageal lumen. In contrast, oesophageal submucosal tumours are a distinct group of tumours arising from the mesenchyme (examples include leiomyoma, fibrovasculoma, lipoma, granular cell tumour or carcinoid), and mostly do not breach the mucosa. Read More

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November 2019