Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2022 05 16;322(5):G500-G512. Epub 2022 Feb 16.
Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Program, McCormick School of Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
We used in silico models to investigate the impact of the dimensions of myotomy, contraction pattern, the tone of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ), and musculature at the myotomy site on esophageal wall stresses potentially leading to the formation of a blown-out myotomy (BOM). We performed three sets of simulations with an in silico esophagus model, wherein the myotomy-influenced region was modeled as an elliptical section devoid of muscle fibers. These sets investigated the effects of the dimensions of myotomy, differing esophageal contraction types, and differing esophagogastric junction (EGJ) tone and wall stiffness at the myotomy affected region on esophageal wall stresses potentially leading to BOM. Read More