132,671 results match your criteria Esophageal Cancer


Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and gastroesophageal reflux.

Rom J Intern Med 2018 Dec;56(4):227-232

"Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

The prevalence of obesity is rising, becoming a medical problem worldwide. Also GERD incidence is higher in obese patients compared with normal weight, with an increased risk of 2.5 of developing symptoms and erosive esophagitis. Read More

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December 2018

Positive endoscopic and ultrasonographic findings in symptom-diagnosed functional gastrointestinal disorder patients: Data from a Chinese cross-sectional study.

J Dig Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Division of Gastroenterology, Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Objective: Few studies have systematically assessed symptom-based diagnosis of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in China. This study aimed to evaluate the positive endoscopic and ultrasonographic findings in symptom-based FGID patients.

Methods: Adult patients with gastrointestinal symptoms but not red flag symptoms who were empirically diagnosed with FGIDs underwent upper and/or lower gastrointestinal endoscopy based on their symptoms. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
1.924 Impact Factor

Changes in the Distal Esophageal Microbiota in Chinese Patients with Reflux Esophagitis.

J Dig Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Digestive Department, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objective: Changes in microbiota structure in the distal esophagus may be associated with the pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease. The composition of the distal esophageal microbiota between Chinese patients and healthy volunteers was compared through metagenomic high-throughput DNA sequencing and bioinformatic analyses.

Methods: Healthy volunteers (HV) and patients with reflux esophagitis (RE) were enrolled. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Circ-TTC17 Promotes Proliferation and Migration of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Dig Dis Sci 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Oncology Surgery, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background: Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a special class of noncoding RNAs with the characteristic of covalent closed-loop structure, have been widely found in various organisms. Growing evidence has shown that circRNAs play a crucial role in regulating biological functions of cancers. However, the specific role of circRNAs in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains largely unknown. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Current status of esophageal endoscopy including the evaluation of smoking and alcohol consumption in Japan: an analysis based on the Japan endoscopy database.

Esophagus 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

JED (Japan Endoscopy Database) Project Committee, Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: The aim was to investigate the current status of esophageal endoscopy, including the evaluation of smoking and alcohol consumption, in Japan.

Methods: A total of 47,441 patients who underwent 69,748 sessions of esophageal endoscopy were registered in the Japan Endoscopy Database between January 2015 and March 2017. The study variables were as follows: (1) methods for monitoring the esophagus and the time required for monitoring and (2) the status of smoking and alcohol consumption in patients with esophageal cancer and head and neck cancer. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

TUG1 confers cisplatin resistance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma by epigenetically suppressing PDCD4 expression via EZH2.

Cell Biosci 2018 28;8:61. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Oncology, Xinxiang Medical College, No. 601 Jinsui Avenue, Hongqi District, Xinxiang, 453003 China.

Background: Increasing evidence has suggested the involvement of long non-coding RNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) in chemoresistance of cancer treatment. However, its function and molecular mechanisms in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) chemoresistance are still not well elucidated. In the present study, we investigate the functional role of TUG1 in cisplatin (DDP) resistance of ESCC and discover the underlying molecular mechanism. Read More

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November 2018

Prognostic Value of Lymphocyte Activation Gene-3 (LAG-3) Expression in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

J Cancer 2018 20;9(22):4287-4293. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Department of Experimental Research, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, No. 651 Dongfeng East Road, Guangzhou 510060, China.

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a malignant epithelial tumor with a high incidence in East Asia and the Middle East. The outcomes for ESCC patients are usually not optimal due to the recurrence and metastasis. This study is aim to examine the expression and the prognostic value of LAG-3 in ESCC. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Long Non-coding RNA LINC01234 Regulates Proliferation, Invasion and Apoptosis in Esophageal Cancer Cells.

J Cancer 2018 20;9(22):4242-4249. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Environmental and Viral Oncology, College of Life Science and Bio-Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, China.

Esophageal cancer is one of the leading malignancies globally and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proved to have an important role in different malignancies including esophageal cancer. However their role in disease progression is still not clear. The objective of the study was to investigate the expression and role of LINC01234 in progression of esophageal cancer cells. Read More

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October 2018

Prognostic role of HPV infection in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Infect Agent Cancer 2018 29;13:38. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1Department of Surgery, Medical School, University of Pécs, Hungary, Ifjuság Street 13, Pécs, 7624 Hungary.

Background: The aims of this study were to evaluate whether HPV infection has a prognostic role in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent oncological treatment and also to compare the heat shock proteins (Hsp) 90, 27 and 16.2 and growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor (GHRH-R) expression patterns of the pre-treatment tumor biopsies with the HPV status and with the oncological response.

Methods: Pre-treatment tumor biopsies of 74 patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were processed retrospectively. Read More

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November 2018

Esophageal Adenocarcinoma with Extensive Metastasis to Unexpected Sites: A Case Report.

Case Rep Oncol 2018 Sep-Dec;11(3):742-750. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Hematology/Oncology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA.

Background: Esophageal cancer (EC) with unexpected metastasis (UM) to unusual sites have been increasingly reported. EC with metastasis in general has a very high mortality and morbidity rate, and those with UM to unusual sites present another specific field that needs to be further studied in order to understand and manage the presentation. An extensive systematic review was recently completed regarding this field which identified characteristics and findings concerning patients with EC with UM sites. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

Histone deacetylase 6 expression in metastatic lymph nodes is a valuable prognostic marker for resected node-positive esophageal squamous cell cancer.

Cancer Manag Res 2018 8;10:5451-5460. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China,

Background: Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) exerts enzymatic deacetylation activity on histones and on non-histone substrates and plays a key role in microtubule dynamics and chaperone activities. In addition, previous studies have demonstrated its role in cancer progression. However, its clinical significance in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) has not been elucidated. Read More

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November 2018

Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of circulating tumor cells in patients with esophageal cancer: a meta-analysis.

Onco Targets Ther 2018 12;11:8053-8061. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Tumor Biological Behaviors and Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China,

Background: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in patients with esophageal cancer (EC).

Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, Cochrane library (from inception to July 2018) with the keywords "esophageal cancer", "circulating tumor cells", "prognosis", and "peripheral blood". HR, risk ratio (RR), OR, and their 95% CIs were set as effect measures. Read More

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November 2018
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Concurrent chemoradiation therapy tailored to the older adults with esophageal cancer: state of the art and the future.

Clin Interv Aging 2018 8;13:2275-2287. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Hangzhou Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou 310000, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China,

Purpose: The aim of this study was to review the published literature addressing the question of whether geriatric assessment (GA) should be routinely applied in the treatment of older adults with esophageal cancer (EC) who have received definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (dCRT).

Materials And Methods: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library was performed. Studies that contained original data outlining the inclusion and exclusion criteria, treatment compliance rate, and severe toxicity reports were reviewed. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Not all neonates with oesophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula are a surgical emergency.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Evelina Children's Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. Electronic address:

Aim: Infants with oesophageal atresia and distal tracheoesophageal fistula (OA-TOF) occasionally require endotracheal intubation prior to definitive surgery. This creates the risk of preferential ventilation of the fistula leading to gastric distention and subsequent perforation. We aimed to reassess the risk of preoperative positive-pressure ventilation and update recommendations for emergency surgery in this cohort. Read More

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November 2018

The natural polyphenol curcumin induces apoptosis by suppressing STAT3 signaling in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2018 Dec 5;37(1):303. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Pathophysiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450001, People's Republic of China.

Background: We and others have previously shown that the STAT3 signaling pathway is activated in some esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells and is required for the survival and growth of these primary ESCC-derived xenografts. It has also been shown that the natural polyphenol curcumin is an effective anti-tumor agent.

Methods: Luciferase assay and immunoblotting were performed to examine whether curcumin suppressed STAT3 signaling. Read More

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December 2018

The Biological Significance and Regulatory Mechanism of c-Myc Binding Protein 1 (MBP-1).

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Dec 4;19(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Gene Resource and Molecular Development/College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.

Alternatively translated from the gene and expressed in an array of vertebrate and plant tissues, c-Myc binding protein 1 (MBP-1) participates in the regulation of growth in organisms, their development and their environmental responses. As a transcriptional repressor of multiple proto-oncogenes, vertebrate MBP-1 interacts with other cellular factors to attenuate the proliferation and metastasis of lung, breast, esophageal, gastric, bone, prostrate, colorectal, and cervical cancer cells. Due to its tumor-suppressive property, MBP-1 and its downstream targets have been investigated as potential prognostic markers and therapeutic targets for various cancers. Read More

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December 2018
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CircVRK1 regulates tumor progression and radioresistance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma by regulating miR-624-3p/PTEN/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Gynecology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, No. 150 Haping Road, Nangang District, Ha'erbing, Heilongjiang 150060, China. Electronic address:

As a novel class of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been verified to be potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for human malignant tumors. However, the thorough understanding of circRNAs in the progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) still needs to be improved. This study focused on exploring the function and mechanism of circVRK1 in ESCC. Read More

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November 2018

Preoperative Administration of Olive Oil Reduces Chylothorax after Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy.

Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Shantou Central Hospital, China. Electronic address:

Background: Chylothorax after esophagectomy is uncommon but potentially fatal. We performed a retrospective study to assess the effect of olive oil administered orally before surgery on reducing chylothorax in patients who underwent minimal invasive esophagectomy.

Methods: Between May 2013 and December 2016, patients with esophageal squamous cell cancer who underwent minimal invasive esophagectomy were screened. Read More

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November 2018

Preoperative endoscopic pyloric balloon dilatation decreases the rate of delayed gastric emptying after Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy.

Dis Esophagus 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of General-, Visceral-, and Transplant Surgery, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.

Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy occurs postoperatively in up to 50% of the patients. This pyloric dysfunction can lead to severe secondary complications postoperatively such as early aspiration, pneumonia or may even have an impact on anastomotic healing and therefore leakage. Early detection of DGE is essential to prevent further complications. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Delayed recovery following thoracic surgery: persistent issues and potential interventions.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, Yale School of Medicine and VA Connecticut Healthcare System, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Lung and esophageal surgery remain a curative option for resectable cancers. However, despite advances in surgical and anesthesia practices, the inclusion of patients with comorbidities that would have previously not been offered curative resection presents additional concerns and challenges.

Recent Findings: Perioperative complication rates remain high and prolonged and/or painful recovery are common. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

RNF168 facilitates proliferation and invasion of esophageal carcinoma, possibly via stabilizing STAT1.

J Cell Mol Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Gastroenterology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, Henan, P.R. China.

Oesophageal cancer ranks as one of the most common malignancy in China and worldwide. Although genome-wide association studies and molecular biology studies aim to elucidate the driver molecules in oesophageal cancer progression, the detailed mechanisms remain to be identified. Interestingly, RNF168 (RING finger protein 168) shows a high frequency of gene amplification in oesophageal cancer from TCGA database. Read More

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December 2018

A subanalysis of Japanese patients in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial of nivolumab for patients with advanced gastric or gastro-esophageal junction cancer refractory to, or intolerant of, at least two previous chemotherapy regimens (ONO-4538-12, ATTRACTION-2).

Gastric Cancer 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Division of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, 5-1-1, Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, 104-0045, Japan.

Background: Nivolumab, an anti-programmed death-1 agent, showed survival benefits in Asian patients, including Japanese, with gastric/gastro-esophageal junction (G/GEJ) cancer. We report the analysis of the Japanese subpopulation from ATTRACTION-2 that evaluated nivolumab versus placebo in unresectable advanced or recurrent G/GEJ cancer after ≥ 2 chemotherapy regimens.

Methods: Data from the Japanese subpopulation in the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial were analyzed (data cutoff, February 25, 2017). Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Isocitrate dehydrogenase gene mutations and 2-hydroxyglutarate accumulation in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Med Oncol 2018 Nov 30;36(1):11. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan.

Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) are key metabolic enzymes that convert isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate. Somatic point mutations in IDH1/2 confer a gain-of-function in cancer cells, resulting in overproduction of an oncometabolite, 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). 2HG interferes with cellular metabolism and epigenetic regulation, contributing to oncogenesis. Read More

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November 2018
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Endoscopic therapy for confirmed low-grade dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus.

Transl Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 29;3:83. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Unità Operativa Complessa di Endoscopia Digestiva Chirurgica, Dipartimento Scienze Gastroenterologiche, Endocrino-Metaboliche e Nefro-Urologiche Istituto di Clinica Chirurgica Generale e Terapia Chirurgica Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italia.

Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a premalignant condition characterized by replacement of the esophageal lining with metastatic columnar epithelium. To date, the management in case of confirmed low-grade dysplasia (LGD) remains controversial. In this article we summarize the available endoscopic options and their results in terms of efficacy and safety in the treatment of confirmed LGD in BE. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Minimally invasive esophagectomy for Barrett's adenocarcinoma.

Transl Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 16;3:77. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Division of General Surgery, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, University of Milan, Italy.

Minimally invasive esophagectomy has become the preferred approach for invasive Barrett's adenocarcinoma because it can speed recovery and enhance patient's quality of life. Multiple minimally invasive surgical techniques have been described during the last two decades. Preoperative staging, anatomy and physiological patient's status, comorbidity, and experience of the surgical team should drive the choice of the surgical approach. Read More

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October 2018

Qualitative and Quantitative DNA- and RNA-Based Analysis of the Bacterial Stomach Microbiota in Humans, Mice, and Gerbils.

mSystems 2018 Nov-Dec;3(6). Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Universität Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.

Clinical interventions in the stomach have been linked to fecal microbiota alterations, suggesting a function of the stomach in gastrointestinal (GI) homeostasis. We sought to determine the taxonomic bacterial biogeography of the upper GI tract, including different sites within the human stomach (cardia, corpus, and antrum), adjacent upstream (esophagus) and downstream (duodenum) locations, and luminal contents (aspirate), as well as whole-stomach samples from mice and gerbils. Qualitative and quantitative DNA- and RNA-based taxonomic microbiota analyses were combined to study the relationship of relative and absolute bacterial abundances and transcriptionally active bacterial microbiota components in the stomach of humans and mice. Read More

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November 2018

Primary adenocarcinoma arising in esophageal colon interposition for corrosive esophageal injury: a case report and review of the literature.

Endosc Int Open 2018 Dec 23;6(12):E1406-E1409. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

 Colon interposition for benign strictures is associated with significant perioperative complications that carry high morbidity and mortality. Although rarely reported in the literature, adenocarcinoma can occur as a late complication in an interposed colonic segment. We report a case of a late-stage adenocarcinoma in a colonic interposition performed for benign esophageal stricture. Read More

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December 2018

The accuracy of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and platelet to lymphocyte ratio as a marker for gastrointestinal malignancies.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):972-978

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Healthcare System, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Background: Accurate predictors of locally advanced and recurrence disease in patients with gastrointestinal cancer are currently lacking. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have emerged as possible markers for predicting recurrence in these patients. In this study, we sought to evaluate the utility of NLR and PLR in predicting the presence of regional nodal disease, metastasis and systemic recurrence in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies. Read More

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October 2018

Proton beam therapy for gastrointestinal cancers: past, present, and future.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):962-971

Department of Radiation Oncology, Miami Cancer Institute, Baptist Health South Florida, Miami, FL, USA.

Despite the conformality of modern X-ray therapy limiting high dose received by normal tissues the physical properties of X-rays make it impossible to avoid dose being delivered distal to the target. This "exit dose" is likely clinically significant especially for patients with gastrointestinal (GI) cancers when considering that even low dose received by the heart, lungs, bowel, and other radiosensitive structures can lead to morbidity and even may affect long-term tumor control. In contrast, proton beam therapy (PBT) delivers no "exit dose" and a growing body of literature suggests that this may improve clinical outcomes by reducing toxicity and even allowing for safe dose intensification to enhance tumor control. Read More

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October 2018

Esophagectomy from then to now.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):903-909

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Healthcare System, Sarasota, FL, USA.

We have come a long way from the onset of surgery for esophageal cancer. Surgical resection is pivotal for the long-term survival in patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer. Moreover, advancements in post-operative care and surgical techniques have contributed to reductions in morbidity. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Anastomotic leak and neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in esophageal cancer.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):894-902

Division of Surgical Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Background: Anastomotic leaks (AL) cause significant morbidity after esophagectomy. Most patients receive neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NCR) prior to esophagectomy which has been associated with increase perioperative complications and mortality. We report on a comparison of AL rates in upfront surgical (UFS) and NCR patients. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound staging for T2N0 esophageal cancer: a National Cancer Database analysis.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):887-893

Division of Surgical Oncology, Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Sarasota, FL, USA.

Background: To determine accuracy of clinical staging of T2N0 esophageal cancer from the National Cancer Database (NCDB).

Methods: The NCDB was accessed to identify patients with T2N0M0 esophageal cancer (adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma) treated between 2004-2013 that underwent esophagectomy. Pathologic staging was compared to clinical stage. Read More

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October 2018

Clinical fate of T0N1 esophageal cancer: results from the National Cancer Database.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2018 Oct;9(5):880-886

Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Florida State University College of Medicine, Sarasota, FL, USA.

The long-term survival for patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer (EC) remains poor despite improvements in multi-modality care. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NCR) followed by surgical resection remains pivotal in the management of patients with EC. However, the outcome of patients whose primary tumor exhibits a complete response with residual regional nodal disease (T0N1) remains unclear as well as the role for adjuvant therapy. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Initial experience with uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery esophagectomy.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 31):S3686-S3695

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "A.Gemelli", Rome, Italy.

Background: Multiportal thoracoscopic approach is already a well standardized procedure for minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE); conversely very few reports have been published about uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) technique till now. We present our preliminary experience with uniportal VATS esophagectomy, evaluating short-term outcomes as perioperative mortality, complications, oncological radicality, postoperative pain and cosmetic results.

Methods: From December 2016 to November 2017, the prospectively collected clinical data of 12 patients, who underwent uniportal VATS esophagectomy and reconstruction with a stomach conduit, according to McKeown technique, were reviewed and outcomes evaluated. Read More

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November 2018

Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery Roman experience-a report of the first 16-month Roman experience.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Nov;10(Suppl 31):S3678-S3685

Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "A.Gemelli", Rome, Italy.

Background: The acceptance of uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (U-VATS) for thoracic procedures has been growing worldwide. This study reports one of the widest Italian U-VATS experiences.

Methods: The prospectively collected data of 237 patients underwent a U-VATS procedure, between May 2016 and September 2017, were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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November 2018

Early discharge after lung resection is safe: 10-year experience.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5870-5878

Division of Thoracic and Esophageal Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center and Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: The average hospitalization after lung resection is 6 days, but some patients are discharged early in the post-operative period. The patient factors associated with early discharge (ED) and the safety of this approach are unknown. We hypothesized that specific patient populations are associated with ED, and that complications in this practice are low. Read More

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October 2018

Gene set enrichment analysis and meta-analysis to identify six key genes regulating and controlling the prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Oct;10(10):5714-5726

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Sichuan Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Chengdu 610041, China.

Background: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a common malignancy with high mortality. Because of the lack of clarity in the relevant genes and mechanisms involved, and the current difficulty for oncotherapy in providing therapeutic solutions, there is an urgent need to study this matter. While gene probe studies have been used to select the most virulent genes and pathways, paucity of case controls during gene screening and lack of conclusive results to expound the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease, have reduced study reliability. Read More

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October 2018

First case on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computerized tomography of a distant skip metastases to parotid node from esophageal adenocarcinoma.

World J Nucl Med 2018 Oct-Dec;17(4):302-304

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom.

We are presenting the first case of a gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with metastasis only to the intraparotid lymph node simulating Warthin's tumor. A 66-year-old man underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy that found circumferential ulcerated esophageal tumor beginning 40 cm from incisors resulting in stricture and two discrete erosions in the proximal third of esophagus. Biopsies from the stricture have demonstrated a poorly differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma. Read More

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December 2018

Efficacy of Enteral Access in Patients with Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Under Neoadjuvant Therapy.

Anticancer Res 2018 Dec;38(12):6939-6945

Institute of Medical Sciences, Tzu-Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Background: Enteral feeding tubes used to manage the nutritional status of esophageal cancer were evaluated regarding their effectiveness in patients receiving neoadjuvant therapy.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective study evaluating patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma undergoing neoadjuvant therapy between 2001 and 2014 was conducted at a medical center. Hospital patients' records for enteral access (EA) insertion and treatment outcomes were statistically analyzed. Read More

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December 2018

Management of Pleural Effusion After Mediastinoscopic Radical Esophagectomy.

Anticancer Res 2018 Dec;38(12):6919-6925

Division of Digestive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background/aim: Trans-hiatal and -cervical approach mediastinoscopic radical esophagectomy (TMrE) for esophageal cancers is a less-invasive procedure and does not require for trans-thoracic approach management. However, some patients suffer from pleural effusion after TMrE. In the present study, we investigated the clinicopathological factors of patients needing drainage of pleural effusion (DPE) after TMrE. Read More

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December 2018

LC3A, LC3B and Beclin-1 Expression in Gastric Cancer.

Anticancer Res 2018 Dec;38(12):6827-6833

Department of Pathology, Democritus University of Thrace and University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

Background: The current study examined the key proteins involved in autophagosome formation and their prognostic role in gastric cancer.

Materials And Methods: Paraffin-embedded tissues from 121 consecutive patients treated with surgery for gastric cancer were analyzed immunohistochemically for the expression of autophagic proteins microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3A and 3B (LC3A, LC3B) and beclin-1 (encoded by BECN1 gene). Assessment of proliferative index using E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase (MIB1) and correlations with histopathological parameters and overall survival were performed. Read More

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December 2018

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Chemoradiotherapy for Patients with Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Anticancer Res 2018 Dec;38(12):6809-6814

Department of Surgery, Kyushu Central Hospital of the Mutual Aid Association of Public School Teachers, Fukuoka, Japan

Aim: To confirm the superiority of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) over neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) as preoperative therapy for locally advanced esophageal cancer.

Patients And Methods: A total of 298 patients with resectable esophageal cancer were initially enrolled; 62 patients received NAC and 236 patients received NACRT. Propensity score matching was applied to create a study cohort. Read More

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December 2018

Closer location of the tracheoesophageal fistula to the carina in newborns with esophageal atresia and VACTERL association.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of pediatric surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: VACTERL is a complicated syndrome with an unknown etiology where many studies have failed to identify the cause. In esophageal atresia (EA) roughly 10%-23% also have concurrent anomalies that align with VACTERL disorder. The aim of this study is to investigate if there is a difference regarding localization of the tracheoesophageal fistula between patients with VACTERL and non-VACTERL patients. Read More

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November 2018

Esophageal Melanocytosis in a Patient with Gastro-Esophagheal Reflux Disease.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology; Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.

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November 2018

Clinical features at baseline do not predict symptomatic placebo response in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Division of Gastroenterology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

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November 2018

Phase II study of metabolic response to one-cycle chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

J Formos Med Assoc 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Oncology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; National Taiwan University Cancer Center, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Oncology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, No 1, Jen Ai Road Section 1, Taipei, 10051, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: In the treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the optimal use of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) in measuring metabolic tumor response is undetermined. We launched a phase II trial to evaluate early metabolic response to one-cycle induction chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced ESCC.

Methods: ESCC patients in stage classification T3N0, N1M0, or M1a (American Joint Committee on Cancer, 6th edition) received one-cycle chemotherapy comprising paclitaxel, cisplatin, and 24-h infusional 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin on days 1 and 8, followed by neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, 40 Gy, with paclitaxel/cisplatin and then esophagectomy. Read More

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November 2018

Biliary atresia: 20-40-year follow-up with native liver in an Italian centre.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, "Spedali Civili" Children's Hospital, 25123, Brescia, Italy; Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia, 25123, Brescia, Italy.

Introduction: Biliary atresia (BA) represents the leading indication for liver transplantation in childhood. Only few studies reported the outcome of patients who survived more than 20 years on their native liver, and up to date there are no Italian data available. We reported our 40-year single centre experience with long-term follow-up of BA patients. Read More

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November 2018
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Successful Treatment of a Late Diagnosed Esophageal Perforation with Mediastinitis and Pericardial Abscess.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Dec;28(12):972-973

Department of Cardiovascular, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey.

We herein report a case of late diagnosed thoracic esophageal perforation. A 60-year-old man was diagnosed as an esophageal perforation with mediastinitis and pericardial abscess by detailed history taking, chest computed tomography, esophagoscopy and inflammatory findings in his blood test. Surgical drainage of mediastinum and pericardium was able to effectively control infectious process and pericardial fibrosis. Read More

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December 2018