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    Epidemiology of dermatomycoses in Kerman province, southeast of Iran: A 10-years retrospective study (2004-2014).
    Microb Pathog 2017 Jul 27;110:561-567. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    School of Medicine, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran.
    Objectives: Superficial and cutaneous fungal infections (SCFIs) are an important public health problem and are common in tropical and subtropical countries. Pityriasis versicolor, dermatophytosis, erythrasma, onychomycosis, and otomycosis are the major diseases associated with SCFIs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and causative agents of dermatomycoses over a period of 10 years in Kerman province, southeast of Iran. Read More

    Erythrasma: A report of nine men successfully managed with mupirocin 2% ointment monotherapy.
    Dermatol Online J 2017 May 15;23(5). Epub 2017 May 15.
    Department of Dermatology, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California.
    Background: Erythrasma is a benign dermatosis that typically occurs on intertriginous skin.

    Purpose: We describe a series of nine men with erythrasma that were successfully treated with mupirocin 2% ointment monotherapy.

    Methods And Materials: We reviewed PubMed for the following terms: erythrasma, mupirocin, ointment, treatment. Read More

    Influence of low-level laser on pain and inflammation in type 2 diabetes mellitus with diabetic dermopathy - A case report.
    J Cosmet Laser Ther 2017 May 11:1-4. Epub 2017 May 11.
    a Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Manipal University , Manipal , India.
    Numerous skin lesions have been commonly observed in individuals with diabetes mellitus. The common skin manifestations of diabetes mellitus are erythrasma, xanthomatosis, xanthelasma, phycomycetes and cutaneous infections like furuncolosis, candidiasis, carbuncle, dermatophytosis, etc. Diabetic dermopathy is the most common skin lesion found in patients with diabetes. Read More

    Skin diseases of the vulva: Infectious diseases.
    J Obstet Gynaecol 2017 Apr 11:1-9. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    a Department of Dermatology , Bispebjerg Hospital , Copenhagen , Denmark.
    A multitude of infectious diseases of viral (genital herpes, herpes zoster, genital warts and molluscum contagiosum), bacterial (syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, erysipelas, cellulitis and necrotising fasciitis, folliculitis, impetigo, bartholin gland abscess, trichomycosis and erythrasma), fungal (candidiasis and dermatophytosis) and parasitic (pediculosis pubis) origin may affect the vulvar area. Herein, we review the infections and their skin manifestations in the vulvar area. Read More

    Clinical and epidemiological features of coryneform skin infections at a tertiary hospital.
    Indian Dermatol Online J 2016 May-Jun;7(3):168-73
    Department of Dermatology, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
    Background: Skin infections caused by coryneform bacteria are common dermatological conditions. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies are available on the clinical characteristics and epidemiological features of this group of disorders as one entity from India and abroad.

    Aims: To study the clinical and epidemiological features of coryneform skin infections. Read More

    [Treatment of interdigital foot Erythrasma with ozonated olive oil].
    Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2016 Jul-Aug;54(4):458-61
    Sección de Micología, Hospital General "Dr. Manuel Gea González", Ciudad de México, México.
    Background: Erythrasma is caused by Corinebacterium minutissimum producing a porphyrin that with Wood's light emits a coral-red fluorescence. It is the most common bacterial infection of the feet. Ozonated olive oil decreases the cytoplasm and damages bacterial proteins and lipids. Read More

    Superficial Mycoses Associated with Diaper Dermatitis.
    Mycopathologia 2016 Oct 19;181(9-10):671-9. Epub 2016 May 19.
    Department of Mycology and Dermatology Service, Hospital General de México, "Dr. Eduardo Liceaga", Dr. Balmis 148, Col Doctores, CP 06720, Mexico, DF, Mexico.
    Diapers create particular conditions of moisture and friction, and with urine and feces come increased pH and irritating enzymes (lipases and proteases). Fungi can take advantage of all these factors. Candida yeasts, especially C. Read More

    Dermatological Complaints of the Elderly Attending a Dermatology Outpatient Clinic in Turkey: A Prospective Study over a One-year Period.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2015 ;23(4):277-81
    Assoc. Prof. Muhterem Polat, MD, Gazi University School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Ankara, Turkey;
    The geriatric population is continuously growing, which leads to more aged patients being admitted to dermatology clinics. The aim of this study is to determine the dermatological complaints of the elderly attending a dermatology outpatient clinic. All of the patients aged 65 years and older admitted to our dermatology outpatient clinic over a 1-year period were included. Read More

    Hyperhidrosis, bromhidrosis, and chromhidrosis: Fold (intertriginous) dermatoses.
    Clin Dermatol 2015 Jul-Aug;33(4):483-91. Epub 2015 Apr 8.
    Tokuda Hospital, Sofia, Bulgaria.
    Human sweat glands disorders are common and can have a significant impact on the quality of life and on professional, social, and emotional burdens. It is of paramount importance to diagnose and treat them properly to ensure optimal patient care. Hyperhidrosis is characterized by increased sweat secretion, which can be idiopathic or secondary to other systemic conditions. Read More

    The prevalence of interdigital erythrasma: a prospective study from an outpatient clinic in Turkey.
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2015 Mar;105(2):121-4
    Background: Erythrasma is a superficial skin infection caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum . Interdigital erythrasma is the most common form and is easily confused with tinea pedis. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of interdigital erythrasma in patients with clinically suspected tinea pedis. Read More

    Complete Genome Sequence of Corynebacterium minutissimum, an Opportunistic Pathogen and the Causative Agent of Erythrasma.
    Genome Announc 2015 Mar 19;3(2). Epub 2015 Mar 19.
    Special Bacteriology Reference Laboratory, Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
    Corynebacterium minutissimum was first isolated in 1961 from infection sites of patients presenting with erythrasma, a common cutaneous infection characterized by a rash. Since its discovery, C. minutissimum has been identified as an opportunistic pathogen in immunosuppressed cancer and HIV patients. Read More

    Postoperative Abdominal Infection Caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum.
    Infect Chemother 2014 Dec 29;46(4):261-3. Epub 2014 Dec 29.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon University School of Medicine, Gil Hospital, Incheon, Korea.
    Corynebacterium minutissimum is a non-spore forming, gram-positive, aerobic or facultative anaerobic bacillus. It is the causative organism of erythrasma, a common superficial infection of skin, which typically presents as reddish-brown macular patches. To date, it has rarely been found to cause invasive disease, although other non-diphtheria corynebacteria are becoming increasingly common as opportunistic pathogens. Read More

    Interdigital foot infections: Corynebacterium minutissimum and agents of superficial mycoses.
    Braz J Microbiol 2014 9;45(3):781-4. Epub 2014 Oct 9.
    Department of Microbiology Kayseri Education and Research Hospital Kayseri Turkey Department of Microbiology, Kayseri Education and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey.
    Interdigital foot infections are mostly caused initially by dermatophytes, yeasts and less frequently by bacteria. Erythrasma caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum can be confused with superficial mycoses. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the etiologic agents of superficial mycoses and the frequency of Corynebacterium minutissimum in interdigital foot infections. Read More

    [Erythrasma: study of 16 cases].
    Tunis Med 2014 Apr;92(4):245-8
    Background: Erythrasma is a chronic bacterial infection due to Corynebacterium minutissimum, affecting the interspaces of the toes, the axillary folds and the groin. Its impact is underestimated as it is often misdiagnosed ad wrongly taken as a dermatophytic infection.

    Aim: Through a hospital series, we report the epidemiologic and clinical features of erythrasma, as well as the therapeutic ways. Read More

    Effective treatment of erythrasma-associated inflammation and pruritus with isoconazole nitrate and diflucortolone valerate combination therapy.
    Mycoses 2013 May;56 Suppl 1:38-40
    Istituto Clinico San Siro, Milan, Italy.
    A warm and moist environment is a common risk factor for erythrasma, a condition characterized by pruritic, scaly and erythematous tan patches on the skin. Here we report on a 13-year-old athletic student presenting with pruritus and mild burning on her left medial thigh, and subsequently diagnosed with erythrasma. The patient was successfully treated with a 5-day regimen of Travocort cream containing isoconazole nitrate 1% and diflucortolone valerate 0. Read More

    Dermatitis of the folds in black Africans in Bamako, Mali.
    Int J Dermatol 2012 Nov;51 Suppl 1:37-40, 41-4
    Department of Dermatology, CNAM Ex Institut Marchoux, PO Box 251 Faculty of Medicine, University of Bamako, Bamako, Mali.
    Dermatitis of the folds (intertrigo) is a frequent reason for attending consultations, particularly in Africa, where the hot and humid climate constitute an aggravating factor. It is a complex pathology with multiple and intricate etiologies. The aim of this study was to describe epidemiological and etiological aspects of dermatitis of the folds in black-skinned subjects in Bamako (Mali). Read More

    Interdigital erosions - tinea pedis?
    Aust Fam Physician 2012 Oct;41(10):793-4
    University Hospital San Cecilio, Department of Dermatology, Granada, Spain.
    Interdigital erosions are frequently due to tinea pedis. However, other infectious conditions, such as candidiasis, erythrasma or bacterial infections, can generate lesions that cannot be differentiated at the clinical level. Microbiological tests are therefore necessary. Read More

    Direct extraction of DNA from positive transparent dressing and swab to identify Candida albicans infection in intertriginous Candidiasis in the inguinal region.
    Mycopathologia 2012 Dec 7;174(5-6):519-21. Epub 2012 Jul 7.
    Department of Dermatology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
    We report a case of a patient infected by Candida albicans which was identified by direct extraction of DNA from a positive transparent dressing and a swab. The patient was a 32-year-old male who complained of erosion in his inguinal region. Large patches of erythema and erosion were present in his inguinal and perianal region, with soya-bean like residue discharge. Read More

    The prevalence of interdigital erythrasma in southern region of Turkey.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2012 Nov 7;26(11):1372-6. Epub 2011 Oct 7.
    Department of Medical Microbiology, School of Medicine, Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey.
    Background: Erythrasma is a skin infection which is caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum. Interdigital erythrasma is the most common form.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to detect the frequency and risk factors of interdigital erythrasma in patients with clinically suspected tinea pedis. Read More

    A comparison between the effectiveness of erythromycin, single-dose clarithromycin and topical fusidic acid in the treatment of erythrasma.
    J Dermatolog Treat 2013 Feb 18;24(1):70-4. Epub 2011 Sep 18.
    Department of Dermatology, Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.
    Unlabelled: Although erythrasma is a superficial skin infection, there is no consensus on the treatment model of erythrasma.

    Objective: To compare the efficacy of erythromycin, single-dose clarithromycin and topical fusidic acid in the treatment of erythrasma in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial.

    Methods: Hundred and fifty-one patients over 18 years of age were included in this study. Read More

    Diagnostic procedures in dermatology.
    Clin Dermatol 2011 Sep-Oct;29(5):548-56
    Department of Dermatology, Second University of Naples, via Sergio Pansini 5, 80131 Napoli, Italy.
    Although most skin diseases can be diagnosed with simple visual inspection, laboratory investigations are necessary in several clinical circumstances. This contribution highlights the usefulness of routine diagnostic procedures that are often overlooked and the innovative methods of molecular biology, which are expensive and require an experienced staff. Among the classic diagnostic investigations are (1) the use of Wood's light in many dermatologic disorders (eg, vitiligo, pityriasis versicolor, erythrasma, porphyrias), (2) cytodiagnosis of Tzanck in dermatologic practice (eg, herpetic infections, molluscum contagiosum, leishmaniasis, pemphigus vulgaris, basal cell carcinoma, erythroplasia of Queyrat, Hailey-Hailey disease), and (3) microscopic examination for fungal and bacterial skin infections as well as for mite infestation using potassium hydroxide, simple saline, and Gram stain. Read More

    [Antibiotic therapy in skin diseases].
    Pol Merkur Lekarski 2011 May;30(179):367-72
    Wojskowy Instytut Medyczny w Warszawie, Klinika Dermatologii CSK MON.
    Antibiotics are used for systemic and topical skin diseases treatment, taking advantage of their antiseptic, bacteriostatic and also their anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties. In case of localized external skin layers infections, a topical treatment is adequate. In case of widespread and deeper infections a systemic treatment is needed. Read More

    Recent trends in specular light reflectance beyond clinical fluorescence diagnosis.
    Eur J Dermatol 2011 Mar-Apr;21(2):157-61
    Laboratory of Skin Bioengineering and Imaging, Department of Dermatopathology, University Hospital Sart Tilman, Liège, Belgium.
    Under specific light illumination, particularly ultraviolet (UV) and near-UV light stimulation, the skin produces both specular light reflectance and, possibly, specific fluorescent emission. These properties offer diagnostic clues and disclose some peculiar functions of the skin. A series of superficial infections (erythrasma, some tinea capitis types, tinea/pityriasis versicolor, dermatophytoses, etc. Read More

    Exogenous coproporphyrin III production by Corynebacterium aurimucosum and Microbacterium oxydans in erythrasma lesions.
    J Med Microbiol 2011 Jul 10;60(Pt 7):1038-42. Epub 2011 Mar 10.
    Department of Dermatology, Surugadai Nihon University Hospital, 1-8-13 Surugadai, Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8309, Japan.
    Erythrasma is a superficial skin disease caused by Gram-positive Corynebacterium species. Coral-red fluorescence under Wood's light, strongly suggestive of erythrasma, can be attributed to the presence of porphyrins. Fractionated porphyrin analysis in erythrasma lesions is yet to be reported. Read More

    [How I explore...skin by photodiagnosis using skin fluorescence and its functional imaging].
    Rev Med Liege 2010 Sep;65(9):521-6
    Service de Dermatopathologie, CHU de Liege, Belgique.
    Under specific light illumination, skin produces peculiar fluorescent aspects. Such property can be used to provide diagnostic arguments or to disclose some peculiar functions of the skin. Some superficial infections (erythrasma, tinea versicolor, dermatophytic tinea,. Read More

    Corynebacterium-associated skin infections.
    Int J Dermatol 2008 Sep;47(9):884-90
    Department of Dermatopathology, University Hospital of Liège, Liège, Belgium.
    Background: Corynebacterium spp. are diphtheroid bacteria responsible for pitted keratolysis, a common plantar infection confined to the thick stratum corneum.

    Aim: To study a series of demographic features of patients suffering from pitted keratolysis, and to present a review of the Corynebacterium-associated infections, including pitted keratolysis, erythrasma, and trichobacteriosis. Read More

    [Interdigital erythrasma: clinical, epidemiologic, and microbiologic findings].
    Actas Dermosifiliogr 2008 Jul-Aug;99(6):469-73
    Sección de Micología, Hospital General Dr Manuel Gea González, Secretaría de Salud, Tlalpan, Mexico.
    Background: Erythrasma is a superficial infection caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum and affects the major skin folds and the interdigital regions of the feet. It is characterized by erythematous, brown, scaly patches and maceration, and exhibits coral-red fluorescence under Wood light.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of erythrasma in patients with interdigital lesions. Read More

    Corynebacterium minutissimum bacteremia and meningitis: a case report and review of literature.
    J Infect 2008 Jan 26;56(1):77-9. Epub 2007 Nov 26.
    Division of Infectious Diseases, New York Hospital Queens, 56-45 Main Street, Flushing, NY 11355, USA.
    Corynebacterium minutissimum, the causative agent of erythrasma, is a gram-positive, non-spore forming, aerobic or facultative anaerobic bacillus. It has rarely been associated with extracutaneous disease, since its description in 1961. A computerized medline search for review of literature was performed. Read More

    Cutaneous manifestation of diabetes mellitus.
    Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2003 Mar-Apr;69(2):105-8
    Dept. of Dermato-Venereology, Lady Harding Medical College and Hospitals, New Delhi.
    One hundred consecutive diabetes mellitus patients attending the diabetic clinic of the hospital constituted the study group. One hundred age and sex matched non-diabetics were taken as controls. The majority, 63%, belonged to the 41-60 years age group and 98% had non-insulin dependent diabetes. Read More

    [How I treat....A stoutness-associated intertrigo].
    Rev Med Liege 2007 Feb;62(2):67-70
    CHR hutois, service de Dermatologie, Huy.
    Intertrigo is a common inflammatory disorder of various origins. It can represent a single skin manifestation or be part of a disorder possibly exhibiting specific manifestations on other parts of the body. Hence, intertrigo may represent a sign of a peculiar disease. Read More

    Fluorescence digital photography of acne using a light-emitting diode illuminator.
    Skin Res Technol 2006 Nov;12(4):289-91
    Department of Dermatology, Korea University Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
    Background/purpose: The fluorescence findings of several dermatological diseases, such as erythrasma, tinea versicolor, and acne are helpful for diagnosis and follow-up. However, many experience difficulty taking photographic images of fluorescence. The aim of this study was to develop a 405 nm light-emitting diode (LED) system for fluorescence digital photography of acne and to determine whether such a diode can be used to evaluate acne. Read More

    Diabetes mellitus.
    Clin Dermatol 2006 Jul-Aug;24(4):237-46
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Department of Medicine, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.
    Dermatologic problems are common in diabetes, with approximately 30% of patients experiencing some cutaneous involvement during the course of their illness. Skin manifestations generally appear during the course of the disease in patients known to have diabetes, but they may also be the first presenting sign of diabetes or even precede the diagnosis by many years. The skin involvement can be autoimmune in nature, such as acanthosis nigricans, necrobiosis lipoidica, diabetic dermopathy, scleredema, and granuloma annulare, or infectious in the form of erythrasma, necrotizing fasciitis, and mucormycosis. Read More

    Photodynamic action of red light for treatment of erythrasma: preliminary results.
    Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2006 Jun;22(3):153-6
    Clinique de Dermatologie, Hôpital Claude Huriez, CHRU, Lille Cedex, France.
    Background: Erythrasma is a superficial cutaneous infection caused by Corynebacterium minutissimum and is characterized by fluorescence under Wood's light (UV) because of the presence of porphyrins. These molecules are photosensitizing and we propose to assess efficacy of red light that activates porphyrins (photodynamic reaction) in treatment of this pathology.

    Objectives: Assessment of effects of photodynamic action of red light for treatment of erythrasma without exogenous photosensitizing molecules. Read More

    Obesity and dermatology.
    Clin Dermatol 2004 Jul-Aug;22(4):303-9
    Department of Dermatology, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center and Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York, USA.
    Obesity is associated with a number of dermatoses. It affects cutaneous sensation, temperature regulation, foot shape, and vasculature. Acanthosis nigricans is the most common dermatological manifestation of obesity. Read More

    Coexistence of pityriasis versicolor and erythrasma.
    Mycoses 2004 Aug;47(7):343-5
    Department of Dermatology, Mycology Reference Laboratory, State Hospital of Dermatological and Venereal Diseases, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    We describe a 53-year-old woman with pityriasis versicolor together with erythrasma that was localized in the axillary and genitocrural region. The coexistence of these infections is rare and we propose the use of methylene blue stain for the diagnosis of both diseases. Read More

    Pityriasis versicolor on the groin mimicking erythrasma.
    Mycoses 2004 Jun;47(5-6):249-51
    Department of Dermatology, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.
    Pityriasis versicolor (PV) is a widespread dermatomycosis caused by yeasts. Erythrasma is a superficial bacterial skin disease affecting the major folds of the body, particularly the groin. We report the case of a 45-year-old man, affected by PV, exclusively localized in the inguinal folds and in the inner surface of the thighs, characterized by lesions clinically reproducing erythrasma. Read More

    Skin infections and ageing.
    Ageing Res Rev 2004 Jan;3(1):69-89
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Central Out-Patients, Hartshill Road, Stoke-on-Trent ST4 7PA, UK.
    Elderly individuals have an increased susceptibility to skin infections due to age-related anatomical, physiological and environmental factors. The types of organisms that cause primary skin and soft tissue infections are diverse, and include bacterial, viral and fungal pathogens as well as parasites. In the elderly, these infections and infestations may present with atypical signs and symptoms or may complicate underlying chronic skin disorders. Read More

    Severe erythema nodosum due to Behçet's disease responsive to erythromycin.
    J Dermatolog Treat 2003 Jun;14(2):124-7
    Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Mersin University, 33079 Zeytinlibahçe, Mersin, Turkey.
    A patient with severe erythema nodosum due to Behçet's disease is reported on here. Erythema nodosum lesions did not respond to classical treatments; however, they cleared after erythromycin treatment, which was prescribed for the treatment of coincidental erythrasma. Erythromycin treatment appears to be an effective treatment option in erythema nodosum. Read More

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