6,000 results match your criteria Equine Veterinary Journal[Journal]


Accelerometer activity tracking in horses and the effect of pasture management on time budget.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, UK.

Background: Accelerometry is an accepted means of quantifying human physical activity. Quantitative physical activity tracking could be beneficial for studies into equine health and disease prevention, for example, in relation to obesity management.

Objectives: Validate accelerometer use in grazing horses, determine between-day repeatability, and assess the effects of pasture size on time budget (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13130DOI Listing

Administration of enrofloxacin during late pregnancy failed to induce lesions in the resulting newborn foals.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA.

Background: A recent study demonstrated that enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin cross the equine placenta without causing gross cartilage or tendon lesions in the 9-month foetus; however, long-term effects of in utero fluoroquinolone exposure are unknown.

Objectives: To assess effects of foetal exposure to enrofloxacin on the resulting foal's cartilage and tendon strength.

Study Design And Methods: Healthy mares at 280 days' gestation were allocated into four groups: untreated (n = 5), therapeutic treatment (7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13131DOI Listing

Effects of pulsed inhaled nitric oxide on arterial oxygenation during mechanical ventilation in anaesthetised horses undergoing elective arthroscopy or emergency colic surgery.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Administration of pulsed inhaled nitric oxide (PiNO) improves arterial oxygenation in spontaneously breathing anaesthetised healthy horses and in horses undergoing colic surgery. However, because hypoventilation commonly occurs, horses are often mechanically ventilated to prevent hypercarbia.

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of PiNO on arterial oxygenation during anaesthesia in mechanically ventilated healthy horses and horses undergoing colic surgery. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evj.13129
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13129DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Synovial sepsis of unknown origin in the adult Thoroughbred racehorse.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Randwick Equine Centre, 3 Jane Street, Randwick, Sydney, NSW, 2031, Australia.

Background: Synovial sepsis of unknown origin is a rare cause of lameness in the adult horse and a haematogenous pathogenesis has been proposed in previous cases.

Objectives: To describe the features and outcome of synovial sepsis of unknown origin in adult Thoroughbred racehorses.

Study Design: Retrospective case series. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evj.13127
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13127DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Intra-articular triamcinolone acetonide improves lung function in horses with severe asthma.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200 rue Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, J2S 2M2, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Locally administered corticosteroids are commonly used to treat joint diseases in sport and racehorses. As they are also the most potent drugs for the treatment of equine asthma, we hypothesised that the intra-articular corticosteroids used to treat joint diseases also improve the lung function in horses with severe asthma, thus potentially delaying the diagnosis of this common lung condition.

Objectives: To compare the effects of intra-articular (IA) and intramuscular (IM) triamcinolone acetonide (TA) on lung function in horses with severe asthma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13128DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A microbiome analysis of equine peripheral dental caries using next generation sequencing.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Division of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, UK.

Background: Although, peripheral caries (PC) affects almost half of UK horses, no comprehensive microbiological study has been performed on this disorder. Because a high proportion of oral bacteria cannot be conventionally cultured, a molecular microbiological technique such as Next Generation Sequencing are required to examine the complex oral bacteria community.

Objectives: To identify the microbiota involved in equine PC, including comparing microbiota at the more commonly and severely affected three caudal cheek teeth with the less commonly affected three rostral cheek teeth. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evj.13126
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13126DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Factors associated with long-term athletic outcome in Thoroughbred neonates admitted to an intensive care unit.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Hofmann Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Background: Limited information exists on the long-term outcome of foals that survive following hospitalisation for disease as a neonate. Significant financial investment is required to raise foals to racing age, therefore improved understanding of factors that affect long-term outcome and future athletic performance is important.

Objective: To analyse racing performance in Thoroughbred foals hospitalised as neonates, compared to their maternal siblings and to determine factors associated with failure to race and racing performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13125DOI Listing

Genotypic diversity of Salmonella ser. Abortusequi isolates from Argentina.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), CICVyA, Instituto de Patobiología, Área de Bacteriología, Castelar, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Abortusequi (S. Abortusequi) is a serotype restricted to equines, which produce abortion outbreaks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13123DOI Listing

Race performance following epiglottic entrapment surgery in Thoroughbred yearlings.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

Background: Epiglottic entrapment can occur in yearling Thoroughbreds (TB); however, race performance following surgical correction is unknown.

Objectives: To determine the race performance of horses treated surgically for epiglottic entrapment as yearlings as compared to an untreated cohort. A second objective was to identify risk factors for treated horses not racing post-operatively. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evj.13122
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13122DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Diagnosis and treatment of confirmed and suspected primary hyperparathyroidism in equids: 17 cases (1999-2016).

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Baker Institute for Animal Health, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, New York, 14853, USA.

Background: Primary hyperparathyroidism is uncommon in equids.

Objectives: To describe the diagnostic findings and efficacy of treatment in equids with primary hyperparathyroidism.

Study Design: Retrospective case series describing sixteen horses and one mule. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evj.13120
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13120DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Repeatability of the hyperglycaemic clamp for assessment of β-cell response and insulin sensitivity in horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Box 7054, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: The hyperglycaemic clamp has been used for measurement of insulin sensitivity (IS) but not for measurement of β-cell response in the horse. However, the repeatability of this test has not been reported for horses.

Objectives: To determine the repeatability and reliability of measures for IS and β-cell response to glucose using the hyperglycaemic clamp in horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13119DOI Listing

Clinical insights: Equine dentistry.

Authors:
T P Barnett

Equine Vet J 2019 May;51(3):277-279

Rossdales Equine Hospital, Exning, Newmarket, Suffolk, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13083DOI Listing

Science-in-brief: Horse, rider, saddlery interactions: Welfare and performance.

Equine Vet J 2019 May;51(3):280-282

Saddle Research Trust, the Old Barns Worksop, Derbyshire, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13088DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

PETting horses?

Authors:
M Spriet

Equine Vet J 2019 May;51(3):283-284

School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13077DOI Listing

Leptospirosis in horses: A European perspective.

Authors:
F Malalana

Equine Vet J 2019 May;51(3):285-286

Institute of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Neston, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13022DOI Listing

Corrigendum.

Authors:

Equine Vet J 2019 May;51(3):424

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13079DOI Listing

Serum amyloid A and plasma fibrinogen concentrations in horses following emergency exploratory celiotomy.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Bell Equine Veterinary Clinic, 104 Butchers Lane, Mereworth, Maidstone, Kent, ME18 5GS, UK.

Background: Acute-phase proteins may help assess the nature and severity of lesions and outcome in horses undergoing colic surgery.

Objectives: Compare serum amyloid A and plasma fibrinogen concentrations ([SAA] and [fibrinogen]) in the immediate post-operative period after exploratory celiotomy and determine their value in assessment of post-operative complications and survival to discharge.

Study Design: Observational study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13117DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A missense mutation in damage-specific DNA binding protein 2 is a genetic risk factor for ocular squamous cell carcinoma in Belgian horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, USA.

Background: Belgian horses are commonly affected with ocular squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), the most common cancer of the equine eye. A missense mutation in damage-specific DNA binding protein 2 (DDB2 c.1013C>T, p. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13116DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

An outbreak of strangles associated with a novel genotype of Streptococcus equi subspecies equi in donkeys in China during 2018.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Veterinary Medical Science, Shandong Vocational Animal Science and Veterinary College, Weifang, China.

Background: Strangles is a highly contagious respiratory disease of equids caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi subspecies equi.

Objectives: To identify the cause of an outbreak of strangles that occurred on donkey farms within the Shandong Province of China and determine the prevalence of the disease.

Study Design: Cross-sectional. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13114DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy to diagnose osteoarthritis in equine serum.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.

Background: Reliable and validated biomarkers for osteoarthritis (OA) are currently lacking.

Objectives: To develop an accurate and minimally invasive method to assess OA-affected horses and provide potential spectral markers indicative of disease.

Study Design: Observational, cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13115DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Pharmacokinetics and safety of repeated oral dosing of acetaminophen in adult horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.

Background: There are no published studies on the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen at the dosage used clinically (20 mg/kg), nor has the safety of multiple doses in horses been investigated.

Objective: Define the pharmacokinetic parameters of oral acetaminophen at 20 mg/kg in adult horses as a single dose, and twice daily for 14 days to assess the safety of multiple dosing.

Study Design: Pharmacokinetic study, multiple dose safety study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13112DOI Listing

Continuous fluid infusion per rectum compared with intravenous and nasogastric fluid administration in horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

School of Veterinary Science, the University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Rectal fluid administration may offer a simple, safe and inexpensive alternative to intravenous or nasogastric fluid therapy in equine clinical cases.

Objectives: To evaluate the tolerance and effects of rectally administered fluid and compare the measurements of haemodilution and intravascular volume with those during nasogastric and intravenous fluid administration.

Study Design: Randomised controlled experimental trial. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evj.13113
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13113DOI Listing
March 2019
16 Reads

Intralesional application of medical grade honey improves healing of surgically treated lacerations in horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Large Animal Medicine and Surgery, Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Beit Dagan, Israel.

Background: Infection and dehiscence of simple lacerations is common in horses, and consistently effective methods of prevention are yet to be found. Honey has been shown to promote wound healing when applied topically; however, intralesional application prior to wound closure has not been reported.

Objectives: To examine whether intralesional application of medical grade honey (MGH) would reduce the incidence of infection and dehiscence following wound closure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13111DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Concentrations of sulphated estrone, estradiol and dehydroepiandrosterone measured by mass spectrometry in pregnant mares.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA.

Background: Few studies have provided a longitudinal analysis of systemic concentrations of conjugated oestrogens (and androgens) throughout pregnancy in mares, and those only using immunoassay. The use of liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) will provide more accurate concentrations of circulating conjugated steroids.

Objectives: To characterise circulating concentrations of individual conjugated steroids throughout equine gestation by using LC-MS/MS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13109DOI Listing

The effect of insulin infusion on heart rate and systemic blood pressure in horses with equine metabolic syndrome.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: There is little evidence that horses with equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) have higher resting blood pressures than horses with normal insulin sensitivity. However, there are indications that EMS horses have an altered dynamic response to the cardiovascular effects of insulin.

Objectives: To examine heart rate and the systemic blood pressure response in EMS and control horses during insulin infusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13110DOI Listing

Equine ulcerative keratitis with furrow: A review of the outcomes of 72 cases from 1987 to 2015.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Comparative Ophthalmology, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Background: Ulcerative keratitis with peripheral furrow formation is a poorly-described condition which has been associated with a grave prognosis due to rapid necrosis of the cornea.

Objective: To describe the infectious aetiologies associated with furrow-forming ulcerative keratitis, its overall clinical course and the efficacy of medical and surgical intervention in horses.

Study Design: Retrospective clinical case series. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13101DOI Listing

Abortion in donkeys associated with Salmonella abortus equi infection.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar abortus equi (S. abortus equi) is well known as the aetiological agent of equine abortion. However, abortion caused by S. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13100
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13100DOI Listing
March 2019
13 Reads

A kinematic comparison of the locomotor pattern of horses sedated with detomidine alone and in combination with low doses of butorphanol.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Departamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avda. Puerta de Hierros/n, 28040, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Chemical restraint is often used to perform diagnostic and minor surgical procedures; α -adrenoceptor agonists are the most commonly used drugs, however, the combination with an opiate can induce a profound sedation. There is a lack of kinematic studies examining the effects of the combination of these drugs on locomotor patterns.

Objectives: To evaluate the duration of the effects of sedation with detomidine and detomidine combined with a low dose of butorphanol on the movement patterns of horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13098DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Adipose tissue dysfunction in obese horses with equine metabolic syndrome.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Roslin, Midlothian, UK.

Background: Obesity is a common feature of equine metabolic syndrome (EMS). In other species, obese adipose tissue shows pathological features such as adipocyte hypertrophy, fibrosis, inflammation and impaired insulin signalling all of which contribute to whole body insulin dysregulation. Such adipose tissue dysfunction has not been investigated in horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13097DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Immunogenicity of Potomac horse fever vaccine when simultaneously co-administered with rabies vaccine in a multivalent vaccine or as two monovalent vaccines at separate sites.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Virginia Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.

Background: Potomac horse fever (PHF) is a potentially fatal enterocolitis of horses caused by Neorickettsia risticii. The disease was originally recognised almost 40 years ago in the state of Maryland in the US. It is now known to occur in many areas of North America, as well as having been described in South America and Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13096DOI Listing

Differences in plasma and peritoneal fluid proteomes identifies potential biomarkers associated with survival following strangulating small intestinal disease.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 10. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, Department of Musculoskeletal Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Strangulating small intestinal disease (SSID) carries a poor prognosis for survival in comparison to other types of colic, particularly if resection is required. Identification of markers which aid early diagnosis may prevent the need for resection, assist with more accurate prognostication and/or support the decision on whether surgical intervention is likely to be successful, would be of significant welfare benefit.

Objectives: To apply an unbiased methodology to investigate the plasma and peritoneal fluid proteomes in horses diagnosed with SSID requiring resection, to identify novel biomarkers which may be of diagnostic or prognostic value. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13094DOI Listing

Comparing the clinical success rate of the dorsolateral approach to the medial approach for injection of the centrodistal joint in the horse.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 10. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, USA.

Background: Centrodistal joint injection is an important component of lameness evaluation and treatment. Successful injection is poor for the medial approach. The dorsolateral approach is an alternative but has not been validated with contrast medium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13095DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Effect of different doses of inhaled ciclesonide on lung function, clinical signs related to airflow limitation and serum cortisol levels in horses with experimentally induced mild to severe airway obstruction.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 10. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica GmbH, Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany.

Background: Inhaled corticosteroids are effective for the treatment of equine asthma but they induce cortisol suppression with potential side effects.

Objectives: To study the efficacy of ciclesonide, an inhaled corticosteroid with an improved safety profile, on lung function, clinical signs related to airway obstruction, and serum cortisol levels in asthmatic horses exposed to a mouldy hay challenge.

Study Design: Cross-over placebo controlled, blinded, randomised experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13093DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Nebulisation of dexamethasone sodium phosphate for the treatment of severe asthmatic horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, St-Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Inhaled corticosteroids are effective in the treatment of equine asthma. A recent study reported that nebulisation of injectable dexamethasone had low systemic bioavailability in healthy horses and could represent a cost-effective therapy for equine inflammatory lung diseases.

Objectives: To determine the effects of dexamethasone nebulisation on lung function in severe asthmatic horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13091DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The prevalence of elevated gamma-glutamyltransferase and sorbitol dehydrogenase activity in racing Thoroughbreds and their associations with viral infection.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Equine Medical & Surgical Group, Arcadia, California, USA.

Background: In racehorses, serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity is positively correlated with cumulative days in training and, when ≥100 IU/L, has been associated with poor performance. The prevalence of increased GGT activity in North American Thoroughbreds and its aetiopathogenesis are unknown. Four emerging viruses, pegivirus E (PgV E; equine pegivirus), hepacivirus A (HcV A; equine hepacivirus), pegivirus D (PgV D; Theiler's disease virus), and equine parvovirus-hepatitis (EqPV-H) have been identified in horses with clinical and subclinical hepatopathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13092DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Systemic morphine administration causes gastric distention and hyperphagia in healthy horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Anesthesia and Analgesia, ONIRIS-Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Nantes, Nantes Cedex, France.

Background: There are no data investigating the effect of systemic morphine on the size of the stomach or the food consumption in horses.

Objectives: To evaluate gastrointestinal side effects of morphine administered systemically in healthy horses by the means of clinical and ultrasonographic evaluations.

Study Design: In vivo experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13090DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The use of equine chondrogenic-induced mesenchymal stem cells as a treatment for osteoarthritis: A randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled proof-of-concept study.

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Global Stem Cell Technology NV, Anacura Group, Evergem, Belgium.

Background: There is a need to improve therapies for osteoarthritis in horses.

Objectives: To assess the efficacy of equine allogeneic chondrogenic-induced mesenchymal stem cells combined with equine allogeneic plasma as a novel therapy for osteoarthritis in horses.

Study Design: Randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13089DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Letter to the Editor: Bias in statistics or bias in equine veterinary medicine?

Equine Vet J 2019 May 27;51(3):423. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13081DOI Listing

Misoprostol is superior to combined omeprazole-sucralfate for the treatment of equine gastric glandular disease.

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 26. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Loughborough, UK.

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated a poor response to healing of gastric glandular lesions with oral omeprazole and other medications.

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of two novel treatments (misoprostol [M] and combined omeprazole-sucralfate [OS]) in horses for gastric glandular disease.

Study Design: Prospective, clinical study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13087DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Solar angle of the distal phalanx is associated with scintigraphic evidence of subchondral bone injury in the palmar/plantar aspect of the third metacarpal/tarsal condyles in Thoroughbred racehorses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Equine Centre, Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Subchondral bone injury at the palmar/plantar aspect of the condyles of the third metacarpal/metatarsal bone (MC/MT3) commonly causes lameness and poor performance in racehorses. Injury occurs due to repetitive loading, the magnitude of which may be influenced by the position of the distal phalanx relative to the ground surface, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13086DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of vatinoxan on cardiorespiratory function and gastrointestinal motility during constant-rate medetomidine infusion in standing horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Medetomidine suppresses cardiovascular function and reduces gastrointestinal motility in horses mainly through peripheral α -adrenoceptors. Vatinoxan, a peripheral α -antagonist, has been shown experimentally to alleviate the adverse effects of some α -agonists in horses. However, vatinoxan has not been investigated during constant-rate infusion (CRI) of medetomidine in standing horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13085DOI Listing
February 2019

Peripheral caries and disease of the periodontium in Western Australian horses: An epidemiological, anatomical and histopathological assessment.

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, International Research Collaborative - Oral Health and Equity, the University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Peripheral caries may cause significant oral pain and pathology and is very prevalent within the Western Australia horse population. Associations with periodontal disease have been indicated; however, further work is needed to assess the anatomical and histological aspects of the conditions, to better understand the pathophysiology.

Objectives: To assess the anatomical and histopathological changes associated with equine cheek teeth peripheral caries and disease of the periodontium to better understand the pathogenesis and any association between the conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13084DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Effect of circadian rhythm, age, training and acute lameness on serum concentrations of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) neo-epitope in horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Molecular serum markers that can identify early reversible osteoarthritis (OA) in horses are lacking.

Objectives: We studied serum concentrations of a novel cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) neo-epitope in horses subjected to short-term exercise and with acute lameness. The effects of circadian rhythm and age were also evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13082DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Clinical insights: Treatment of laminitis.

Authors:
N J Bamford

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar;51(2):145-146

Melbourne Veterinary School, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13055DOI Listing

Science in brief: Progress in endocrinopathic laminitis research: Have we got a foothold?

Authors:
M A de Laat

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar;51(2):141-142

Science and Engineering Faculty, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13056DOI Listing

Clinical insights: Diagnosis of laminitis.

Authors:
N J Menzies-Gow

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar;51(2):143-144

Department of Clinical Sciences and Services, Royal Veterinary College, North Mymms, Hertfordshire, UK.

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evj.13057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13057DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Letter to the Editor: Multicentre, blinded, randomised clinical trial comparing the use of flunixin meglumine with firocoxib in horses with small intestinal strangulating obstruction.

Authors:
D E Freeman

Equine Vet J 2019 May 3;51(3):422. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine, Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13078
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13078DOI Listing
May 2019
8 Reads

Research trends in equine movement analysis, future opportunities and potential barriers in the digital age: A scoping review from 1978 to 2018.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Institute for Sport and Health, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sport Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Since Muybridge's 'horse in motion', researchers in the equine movement analysis field continue to improve objective analysis and performance monitoring while ensuring representative data capture. However, subjective evaluation remains the primary method of equine gait analysis in the applied setting, despite evidence highlighting the unreliability of this approach.

Objectives: To map research trends, limitations and opportunities across the diverse equine gait analysis literature. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13076
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13076DOI Listing
January 2019
18 Reads

Sustained atrial tachycardia in horses and treatment by transvenous electrical cardioversion.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Large Animal Internal Medicine, Ghent University, Equine Cardioteam Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium.

Background: Atrial tachycardia including focal atrial tachycardia and macroreentrant atrial tachycardia (atrial flutter), are occasionally found in horses. Diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of these arrhythmias has been inadequately described.

Objectives: To describe the findings on surface electrocardiography (ECG), intra-atrial electrogram recording and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), the response to treatment by transvenous electrical cardioversion (TVEC), and TDI follow-up, of sustained atrial tachycardia in horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13073DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Variation in gait parameters used for objective lameness assessment in sound horses at the trot on the straight line and the lunge.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Objective lameness assessment is gaining more importance in a clinical setting, necessitating availability of reference values.

Objectives: To investigate the between -path, -trial and -day variation, between and within horses, in the locomotion symmetry of horses in regular use that are perceived sound.

Study Design: Observational study with replicated measurement sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13075DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads