5,962 results match your criteria Equine Veterinary Journal[Journal]


Solar angle of the distal phalanx is associated with scintigraphic evidence of subchondral bone injury in the palmar/plantar aspect of the third metacarpal/tarsal condyles in Thoroughbred racehorses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Equine Centre, Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Subchondral bone injury at the palmar/plantar aspect of the condyles of the third metacarpal/metatarsal bone (MC/MT3) commonly causes lameness and poor performance in racehorses. Injury occurs due to repetitive loading, the magnitude of which may be influenced by the position of the distal phalanx relative to the ground surface, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13086DOI Listing
February 2019

Effects of vatinoxan on cardiorespiratory function and gastrointestinal motility during constant-rate medetomidine infusion in standing horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Equine and Small Animal Medicine, University of Helsinki, PO Box 57, 00014, Finland.

Background: Medetomidine suppresses cardiovascular function and reduces gastrointestinal motility in horses mainly through peripheral α -adrenoceptors. Vatinoxan, a peripheral α -antagonist, has been shown experimentally to alleviate the adverse effects of some α -agonists in horses. However, vatinoxan has not been investigated during constant-rate infusion (CRI) of medetomidine in standing horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13085DOI Listing
February 2019

Peripheral caries and disease of the periodontium in Western Australian horses; an epidemiological, anatomical and histopathological assessment.

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

International Research Collaborative - Oral Health and Equity, Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Peripheral caries may cause significant oral pain and pathology and is very prevalent within the Western Australia horse population. Associations with periodontal disease have been indicated; however, further work is needed to assess the anatomical and histological aspects of the conditions, to better understand the pathophysiology.

Objectives: To assess the anatomical and histopathological changes associated with equine cheek teeth peripheral caries and disease of the periodontium to better understand the pathogenesis and any association between the conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13084DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of circadian rhythm, age, training, and acute lameness on serum concentrations of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) neo-epitope in horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Division of Pathology, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Molecular serum markers that can identify early reversible osteoarthritis (OA) in horses are lacking.

Objectives: We studied serum concentrations of a novel cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) neo-epitope in horses subjected to short-term exercise and with acute lameness. The effects of circadian rhythm and age were also evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13082DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Clinical insights: Treatment of laminitis.

Authors:
N J Bamford

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar;51(2):145-146

Melbourne Veterinary School, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13055DOI Listing

Science in brief: Progress in endocrinopathic laminitis research: Have we got a foothold?

Authors:
M A de Laat

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar;51(2):141-142

Science and Engineering Faculty, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13056DOI Listing

Clinical insights: Diagnosis of laminitis.

Authors:
N J Menzies-Gow

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar;51(2):143-144

Department of Clinical Sciences and Services, Royal Veterinary College, North Mymms, Hertfordshire, UK.

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evj.13057
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13057DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Letter to the Editor: Multicentre, blinded, randomised clinical trial comparing the use of flunixin meglumine with firocoxib in horses with small intestinal strangulating obstruction.

Authors:
D E Freeman

Equine Vet J 2019 Feb 3. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine, Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13078
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13078DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Research trends in equine movement analysis, future opportunities and potential barriers in the digital age: A scoping review from 1978 to 2018.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 19. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Institute for Sport and Health, School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sport Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Since Muybridge's 'horse in motion', researchers in the equine movement analysis field continue to improve objective analysis and performance monitoring while ensuring representative data capture. However, subjective evaluation remains the primary method of equine gait analysis in the applied setting, despite evidence highlighting the unreliability of this approach.

Objectives: To map research trends, limitations and opportunities across the diverse equine gait analysis literature. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13076
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13076DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Sustained atrial tachycardia in horses and treatment by transvenous electrical cardioversion.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Large Animal Internal Medicine, Ghent University, Equine Cardioteam Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium.

Background: Atrial tachycardia including focal atrial tachycardia and macroreentrant atrial tachycardia (atrial flutter), are occasionally found in horses. Diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of these arrhythmias has been inadequately described.

Objectives: To describe the findings on surface electrocardiography (ECG), intra-atrial electrogram recording and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), the response to treatment by transvenous electrical cardioversion (TVEC), and TDI follow-up, of sustained atrial tachycardia in horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13073DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Variation in gait parameters used for objective lameness assessment in sound horses at the trot on the straight line and the lunge.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Objective lameness assessment is gaining more importance in a clinical setting, necessitating availability of reference values.

Objectives: To investigate the between -path, -trial and -day variation, between and within horses, in the locomotion symmetry of horses in regular use that are perceived sound.

Study Design: Observational study with replicated measurement sessions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13075DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A luminescence-based assay for evaluating bactericidal antibody to Borrelia burgdorferi in vaccinated horses' serum.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Background: Current serological tests cannot discriminate between bactericidal Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies from others that are merely a response to Borrelia antigenic stimulation.

Objective: To develop a sensitive and convenient luminescence-based serum bactericidal assay (L-SBA) to identify serum borreliacidal activity.

Study Design: Prospective validation study and method comparison. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13074DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Continuous digital hypothermia prevents lamellar failure in the euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp model of equine laminitis.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 13. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

Australian Equine Laminitis Research Unit, School of Veterinary Science, the University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Continuous digital hypothermia can prevent the development and progression of laminitis associated with sepsis but its effects on laminitis due to hyperinsulinaemia are unknown.

Objectives: To determine the effects of continuous digital hypothermia on laminitis development in the euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp model.

Study Design: Randomised, controlled (within subject), blinded, experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13072DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Searching for serum protein markers of equine squamous gastric disease using gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 13. Epub 2019 Jan 13.

Department of Preclinic and Applied Animal Science and Laboratory of Cellular Biomedicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.

Background: Equine squamous gastric disease (ESGD) is a very common disorder but an accurate and practical screening technique for detecting ESGD is currently lacking.

Objectives: To identify serum protein markers to detect ESGD using electrophoresis and mass spectrometry.

Study Design: Proteomic analysis and bioinformatics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13068DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Atypical myopathy-associated hypoglycin A toxin remains in sycamore seedlings despite mowing, herbicidal spraying or storage in hay and silage.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Comparative Neuromuscular Diseases Laboratory, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, London, UK.

Background: Several pasture management strategies have been proposed to avoid hypoglycin A (HGA) intoxication in horses, but their efficacy has never been investigated.

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of mowing and herbicidal spraying on HGA content of sycamore seedlings and the presence of HGA in seeds and seedlings processed within haylage and silage.

Study Design: Experimental study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13070DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Leptospirosis: An important infectious disease in North American horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

North American horses are commonly exposed to Leptospira organisms. Leptospira Bratislava is the most common infecting serovar but this serovar has not been confirmed to cause clinical disease in North American horses. Leptospira Pomona type kennewicki is responsible for most of the clinical diseases (leptospirosis) in North American horses. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13069
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13069DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

In vitro antimicrobial activity against equine Lawsonia intracellularis strains.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

Background: Lawsonia intracellularis is the aetiologic agent of equine proliferative enteropathy (EPE). This emerging equine disease leads to diarrhoea, severe protein loss and can result in death if left untreated. Timely treatment of EPE is critical for recovery from the disease, and hence, information about antimicrobial susceptibilities of equine L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13071DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Genetic and environmental risk factors for vitiligo and melanoma in Pura Raza Español horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Agro-Forestry Sciences, ETSIA, University of Seville, Seville, Spain.

Background: Vitiligo and melanoma are relatively common disorders in grey Pura Raza Español horses and other horse breeds with grey-coloured coats.

Objectives: To determine the breed prevalence, environmental risks factors and estimate the genetic parameters for vitiligo and melanoma in Pura Raza Español horses.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13067
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13067DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Ultrasound-guided injection of the cranial tibial artery for stem cell administration in horses.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA.

Background: A technique for intra-arterial injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) has been established for front limbs with the use of the median artery. This approach has been proposed for treatment of soft tissue injuries of the equine distal limb. A technique has not been validated yet for hindlimb injection. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13065DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Salivary alpha-amylase activity and concentration in horses with acute abdominal disease: Association with outcome.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Clinic Analysis Interdisciplinary Laboratory (Interlab-UMU), Campus of Excellence Mare Nostrum, Murcia, Spain.

Background: Salivary biomarkers could be useful to objectively evaluate critical illness and prognosis for survival in horses with acute abdominal disease.

Objectives: To compare salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) activity and concentration in healthy horses and horses with acute abdominal disease, and evaluate the association between sAA activity and concentration with disease severity and outcome.

Study Design: A prospective cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13066DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The contribution of myostatin (MSTN) and additional modifying genetic loci to race distance aptitude in Thoroughbred horses racing in different geographic regions.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

UCD School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Race distance aptitude in Thoroughbred horses is highly heritable and is influenced largely by variation at the myostatin gene (MSTN).

Objectives: In addition to MSTN, we hypothesised that other modifying loci contribute to best race distance.

Study Design: Using 3006 Thoroughbreds, including 835 'elite' horses, which were >3 years old, had race records and were sampled from Europe/Middle-East, Australia/New Zealand, North America and South Africa, we performed genome-wide association (GWA) tests and separately developed a genomic prediction algorithm to comprehensively catalogue additive genetic variation contributing to best race distance. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13058
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13058DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The lipidome of Thoroughbred racehorses before and after supramaximal exercise.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 1. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA.

Background: A comprehensive study of the effect of supramaximal exercise in lipid homeostasis of Thoroughbreds provides the basis for future research on the role of lipids on energy metabolism in racehorses.

Objective: To compare the plasma lipidome of Thoroughbreds before and after supramaximal exercise using an untargeted lipidomics approach.

Study Design: Pilot experimental study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13064DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Synovial sepsis is rare following intrasynovial medication in equine ambulatory practice.

Equine Vet J 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Rossdales LLP, Rossdales Equine Hospital, Exning, Newmarket, UK.

Background: There are few observational studies regarding the potentially serious complication of synovial sepsis following intrasynovial medication in general equine practice. Quantification of risk is fundamental to fully inform decision-making and owner consent prior to undertaking procedures.

Objectives: To describe the occurrence of synovial sepsis following intrasynovial injections in a large ambulatory equine practice between 2006-2011. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13063DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Development and validation of a novel 13-plex PCR system for commonly used short tandem repeats in horses (Equus caballus).

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Institute of Equine Sciences, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, PR China.

Background: Due to the thriving development of the modern horse industry and the occurrence of horse related crimes, the demand for methods of individual horse identification, parentage tests and other genetic analyses is increasing. Previous methods had disadvantages that decreased the accuracy of the results, lacked the inclusion of all commonly used short tandem repeats (STR) or increased the experimental cost and time.

Objectives: We aimed to develop a novel 13-plex STR typing system to resolve the above issues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13047DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Prospective, randomised clinical trial of four different presurgical hand antiseptic techniques in equine surgery.

Equine Vet J 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada.

Background: Currently, the World Health Organization recommends the use of alcohol-based hand rubs (ABR) for surgical hand preparation in human surgery. When disinfecting soaps are used, a rubbing technique causes less skin irritation than brush scrubbing. Based on a recent survey, most equine surgeons still use disinfecting soap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13060DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Serum amyloid A in equine health and disease.

Equine Vet J 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, WarsawUniversity of Life Sciences - SGGW, Warsaw, Poland.

Serum amyloid A (SAA) is the major acute phase protein in horses. It is produced during the acute phase response (APR), a nonspecific systemic reaction to any type of tissue injury. In the blood of healthy horses, SAA concentration is very low, but it increases dramatically with inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13062DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

No evidence of bovine papillomavirus type 1 or 2 infection in healthy equids.

Equine Vet J 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Research Group Oncology, Clinical Unit of Equine Surgery, University Clinic for Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria.

Background: There is a large body of evidence supporting bovine papillomavirus types 1 and 2 (BPV1; BPV2) as aetiological agents of equine sarcoids. However, there is conflicting data regarding BPV1/2 infection in sarcoid-free equids.

Objectives: Data obtained between 2007 and 2017 by BPV1/2 screening of sarcoids and nonsarcoid tumours vs. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13061
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13061DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Translation and application of equine genomics: The Havemeyer principles.

Authors:
E Bailey C Finno

Equine Vet J 2019 Mar 13;51(2):273. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Population Health and Reproduction, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13051DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Incidence and clinical signs of owner-reported equine laminitis in a cohort of horses and ponies in Great Britain.

Equine Vet J 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Veterinary Epidemiology, Economics and Public Health Group, Pathobiology and Population Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Hertfordshire, UK.

Background: Previous robust epidemiological studies of equine laminitis have utilised only veterinary-diagnosed episodes of disease, potentially underestimating true disease frequency.

Objectives: To estimate the incidence of, and describe clinical signs associated with, owner-reported active laminitis in horses/ponies, using both veterinary-diagnosed and nonveterinary-diagnosed episodes.

Study Design: Prospective cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13059DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Clinical insights: Biomechanics and lameness diagnosis.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan;51(1):5-6

School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13036DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

How to publish diagnostic imaging studies: Common mistakes and recommendations.

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan;51(1):7-10

Equine Veterinary Journal, Fordham, Ely, Cambridgeshire, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13037DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Sedative and antinociceptive effects of different detomidine constant rate infusions, with or without methadone in standing horses.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

São Paulo State University (UNESP), School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Standing surgery avoids the risks of general anaesthesia in horses.

Objectives: To assess sedation, antinociception and gastrointestinal motility in standing horses after a detomidine loading dose and 2-h constant rate intravenous (i.v. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13054DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

The relationship between sagittal hoof conformation and hindlimb lameness in the horse.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Equine Orthopaedic Research Center, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.

Background: Lameness can be multifactorial and may result from the accumulation of multiple seemingly unrelated causes. The identification of factors associated with lameness could be one method to decrease incidence of lameness and prolong the equine athlete's competitive life.

Objectives: To determine if there is an association between hoof balance in the sagittal plane and hindlimb lameness. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evj.13050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13050DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Heritability of metabolic traits associated with equine metabolic syndrome in Welsh ponies and Morgan horses.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Veterinary Population Medicine Department, 225 Veterinary Medical Center, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

Background: Equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) is a complex clinical disorder with both environmental and genetic factors contributing to EMS phenotypes. Estimates of heritability determine the proportion of variation in a trait that is attributable to genetics.

Objectives: To provide heritability estimates for nine metabolic traits associated with EMS in two high-risk breeds. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13053
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13053DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Concentrations of indomethacin and its metabolite desmethylindomethacin in plasma and urine after repeated indomethacin topical application to Thoroughbreds.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 25. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Laboratory of Racing Chemistry, Utsunomiya, Tochigi, Japan.

Background: Repeated topical application of indomethacin is common in Japanese racehorses, despite the lack of pharmacokinetic data.

Objectives: To determine the concentrations of indomethacin and its metabolite, desmethylindomethacin, in plasma and urine of Thoroughbreds topically treated repeatedly with indomethacin.

Study Design: In vivo experimental. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13049DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

A comparison of two ketamine doses for field anaesthesia in horses undergoing castration.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Anaesthesia, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, UK.

Background: Ketamine at 2.2 mg/kg given i.v. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13052DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Oral reserpine administration in horses results in low plasma concentrations that alter platelet biology.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Reserpine is a popular drug in the equine industry for long-term tranquilisation. Clinical observations revealed that blood from horses receiving oral reserpine was hypercoagulable. No studies have documented the pharmacokinetics of orally administered reserpine nor the effects of reserpine on platelets in horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13048DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Equus caballus papillomavirus 8 (EcPV8) associated with multiple viral plaques, viral papillomas, and squamous cell carcinoma in a horse.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Background: Equus caballus papillomavirus 8, a recently discovered virus, has been reported to cause generalised papillomavirus in horses.

Objectives: To describe a case in which multiple viral plaques, viral papillomas, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in situ and invasive squamous cell carcinoma (ISCC) were associated with EcPV8 in a horse.

Study Design: Case report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13046DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Total intravenous anaesthesia with ketamine, medetomidine and guaifenesin compared with ketamine, medetomidine and midazolam in young horses anaesthetised for computerised tomography.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

The School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland, Australia.

Background: There is no information directly comparing midazolam with guaifenesin when used in combination with an alpha-2 agonist and ketamine to maintain anaesthesia via i.v. infusion in horses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13045DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Diffusion of enrofloxacin to pregnancy fluids and effects on fetal cartilage after intravenous administration to late pregnant mares.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 18. Epub 2018 Nov 18.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA.

Background: In selective cases, enrofloxacin may be an alternative antibacterial agent to treat unresponsive infections in pregnant mares. Supratherapeutic doses of enrofloxacin are toxic to adult horses and also to newborn foals, however, it is unknown if enrofloxacin crosses the equine placenta or if it is toxic to the fetus.

Objectives: To assess the diffusion of enrofloxacin and its metabolite to fetal fluids and its effects on fetal cartilage when administered to pregnant mares. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13044DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Using readability software to enhance the health literacy of equine veterinary clients: An analysis of 17 American Association of Equine Practitioners' newsletter and website articles.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 17. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Veterinarians often provide supplemental healthcare information to horse owners via newsletters and website articles. However, articles written above the reading level of the intended audience contributes to misunderstanding. To ensure that the text in equine healthcare articles and brochures is consistent with the literacy of clients, veterinarians can adopt guidelines set forth by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA) for a target 6th grade readability level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13042DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Vitrification of equine expanded blastocysts following puncture with or without aspiration of the blastocoele fluid.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Sharjah Equine Hospital, Sharjah, UAE.

Background: Historically, cryopreservation of equine embryos >300 μm gave poor pregnancy rates until researchers collapsed the blastocoele cavity and aspirated the blastocoele fluid prior to vitrification.

Objective: To determine if aspiration of the blastocoele fluid prior to vitrification is essential for post warming survival.

Study Design: In vivo experiments. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13039
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13039DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Usefulness of digital and optical refractometers for the diagnosis of failure of transfer of passive immunity in neonatal foals.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada.

Background: Neonatal foals with failure of transfer of passive immunity (FTPI) are at higher risk of morbidity and mortality. Successful treatment of FTPI is time-dependent, thus rapid and accurate measurement of serum IgG concentration is important for the management and care of neonatal foals.

Objectives: To validate the use of digital and optical refractometers for assessing FTPI in neonatal foals and compare the diagnostic performance and level of agreement of the two refractometers to the reference standard radial immunodiffusion (RID) assay. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13040DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Factors associated with survival, laminitis and insulin dysregulation in horses diagnosed with equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction.

Equine Vet J 2018 Nov 12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is a commonly described endocrine disorder in higher latitudes of the Northern hemisphere but the description of the disease at lower latitudes and in the Southern hemisphere is limited.

Objectives: Document the clinical features of PPID at different Australian latitudes and climates, and investigate factors associated with survival, laminitis and insulin dysregulation (ID).

Study Design: Retrospective study of 274 equids from eight institutions across Australia. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13041
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13041DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Letter to the Editor: Evidence-based farriery - does it exist?

Equine Vet J 2019 Jan 2;51(1):136-137. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Animal & Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Cork, Ireland.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13023DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A prospective multicentre survey of complications associated with equine castration to facilitate clinical audit.

Equine Vet J 2018 Oct 26. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Liverpool, Neston, UK.

Background: Despite the regularity with which castration is performed, the types of complications and current best practice are unknown.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to perform a prospective audit of routine equine castrations performed in general practice to determine complication rates and factors associated with them.

Study Design: Multicentre, prospective audit of castrations. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13035DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Evaluation of dynamic testing for pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction diagnosis in donkeys.

Equine Vet J 2018 Oct 26. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, University of Cordoba, Campus Rabanales, Cordoba, Spain.

Background: Endocrine disorders are common in donkeys. Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is thought to be a frequent disturbance in donkeys due to their longevity. However, information on PPID dynamic testing in donkeys is lacking. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13034
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13034DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids in commercial feedstuffs for horses.

Equine Vet J 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Institute of Animal Nutrition, Nutrition Diseases and Dietetics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: Pyrrolizidine alkaloids are secondary plant metabolites with hepatotoxic effect in humans and several animal species. In recent studies, foods such as herbal teas and honey have been found to be contaminated with pyrrolizidine alkaloids.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify and assess pyrrolizidine alkaloids in compound feeds manufactured for horses and containing either alfalfa or a blend of herbs. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13033
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13033DOI Listing
October 2018
17 Reads

Rapid detection of equine infectious anaemia virus nucleic acid by insulated isothermal RT-PCR assay to aid diagnosis under field conditions.

Equine Vet J 2018 Oct 24. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Louisiana Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory and Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.

Background: Control of equine infectious anaemia (EIA) currently depends on serological diagnosis of infected equids. However, recently infected equids may not produce detectable anti-EIAV antibodies up to 157 days post infection and so present a high transmission risk. Therefore, direct nucleic acid detection methods are urgently needed to improve EIAV surveillance and management programs in counties where the disease is endemic. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/evj.13032
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/evj.13032DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads