8,315 results match your criteria Epileptiform Discharges
J Neurotrauma 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
University of Eastern Finalnd , Neulaniementie 2 , Kuopio, Finland , 70211 ;
Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces seizures or status epilepticus (SE) in 20%-30% of patients during the acute phase. We hypothesized that severe TBI induced with lateral fluid-percussion injury (FPI) triggers post-impact SE. Adult Sprague-Dawley male rats were anesthetized with isoflurane and randomized into sham-operated experimental control or lateral FPI-induced severe TBI groups. Read More
Exp Ther Med 2018 Dec 19;16(6):5243-5247. Epub 2018 Oct 19.
Department of Internal Medicine, Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang, Shandong 261000, P.R. China.
This study investigated prognostic evaluation of child patients with viral encephalitis through ambulatory electroencephalogram (AEEG) and regular electroencephalogram (REEG). A total of 94 child patients who were clinically diagnosed with viral encephalitis in Yantaishan Hospital of Yantai from May 2010 to July 2014, was examined with AEEG and REEG, respectively and randomly divided into AEEG group (n=47) and REEG group (n=47). The probabilities of detecting abnormal electroencephalographic activities with two examination methods were compared. Read More
Epilepsia Open 2018 Dec 19;3(4):528-534. Epub 2018 Oct 19.
Department of Neurology NYU School of Medicine New York New York U.S.A.
The running-down phenomenon refers to 2 analogous but distinct entities that may be seen after epilepsy surgery. The first is clinical, and denotes a progressive diminution in seizures after epilepsy surgery in which the epileptogenic zone could not be completely removed (Modern Problems of Psychopharmacology 1970;4:306, Brain 1996:989). The second is electrographic, and refers to a progressive deactivation of a secondary seizure focus after removal of the primary epileptogenic zone. Read More
Epilepsia Open 2018 Dec 2;3(4):460-473. Epub 2018 Nov 2.
Epilepsy Unit Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta Milano Italy.
In vitro brain tissue preparations allow the convenient and affordable study of brain networks and have allowed us to garner molecular, cellular, and electrophysiologic insights into brain function with a detail not achievable in vivo. Preparations from both rodent and human postsurgical tissue have been utilized to generate in vitro electrical activity similar to electrographic activity seen in patients with epilepsy. A great deal of knowledge about how brain networks generate various forms of epileptiform activity has been gained, but due to the multiple in vitro models and manipulations used, there is a need for a standardization across studies. Read More
Int J Neurosci 2018 Dec 7:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
c Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine , Ondokuz Mayıs University , Samsun , Turkey , e-mail:
This study was aimed at examining the epileptiform activity of the 5-HT serotonin receptor agonist and antagonist, and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) in penicillin-induced epilepsy in albino Wistar rats. For this purpose, 90 albino male Wistar rats were used in this study. Epileptiform activity was induced by an injection of penicillin, an agonist of GABAA receptor, (500 IU, ic) into the somatomotor cortex. Read More
Hawaii J Med Public Health 2018 Dec;77(12):319-324
John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI (NLB,JCK,AS).
Gelastic seizures (GS) are a rare form of epilepsy characterized by inappropriate, uncontrolled laughter. They are highly associated with abnormal cognitive development and behavioral problems in patients. Research has shown that GS can originate from hypothalamic hamartomas (HH), non- neoplastic masses consisting of gray matter with large and small neurons interspersed with glial nuclei. Read More
Case Rep Neurol Med 2018 4;2018:3092018. Epub 2018 Nov 4.
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Tartu, Estonia.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare, rapidly progressive spongiform encephalopathy in humans. EEG plays an important role in diagnosing this disease. In some patients, epileptic activity and encephalopathy from various aetiologies may share morphological features on EEG. Read More
Brain Res 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Neuroimmunology and Imaging Group, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 27, 53127 Bonn, Germany. Electronic address:
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the classical hallmarks of Aβ-deposition and tau-pathology that are thought to ultimately lead to synapse and neuron loss. Although long known, neuroinflammation has recently attracted a substantial amount of attention by researchers due to genome wide association studies (GWAS) that identified microglia associated genes to be correlated with sporadic AD. Besides that, cholinergic degeneration and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) abnormalities have been identified in the brains of AD patients already decades ago, but have not received much attention over the last ten years. Read More
Neuroimage 2018 Nov 29;188:161-170. Epub 2018 Nov 29.
Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94143-0628, USA; Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628, USA. Electronic address:
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) data is subject to many sources of environmental noise, and interference rejection is a necessary step in the processing of MEG data. Large amplitude interference caused by sources near the brain have been common in clinical settings and are difficult to reject. Artifact from vagal nerve stimulators (VNS) is a prototypical example. Read More
Front Psychiatry 2018 19;9:568. Epub 2018 Nov 19.
Department of Psychiatry and Neurobiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.
Electroencephalograms of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) show higher rates of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs), which are known to have an inverse association with cognitive function in typically developed (TD) children. Nevertheless, that phenomenon has not been investigated adequately in children with ASD. From university and affiliated hospitals, 163 TD children (84 male, 79 female, aged 32-89 months) and 107 children (85 male, 22 female, aged 36-98 months) with ASD without clinical seizure were recruited. Read More
Nat Neurosci 2018 Dec 26;21(12):1742-1752. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Department of Developmental Epileptology, Institute of Physiology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic.
The mechanism of seizure emergence and the role of brief interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) in seizure generation are two of the most important unresolved issues in modern epilepsy research. We found that the transition to seizure is not a sudden phenomenon, but is instead a slow process that is characterized by the progressive loss of neuronal network resilience. From a dynamical perspective, the slow transition is governed by the principles of critical slowing, a robust natural phenomenon that is observable in systems characterized by transitions between dynamical regimes. Read More
Curr Neuropharmacol 2018 Nov 27. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Montreal Neurological Institute of Physiology, McGill University, Montréal, H3A 2B4 Québec. Canada.
The synchronized activity of neuronal networks under physiological conditions is mirrored by specific oscillatory patterns of the EEG that are associated with different behavioral states and cognitive functions. Excessive synchronization can however lead to focal epileptiform activity characterized by interictal and ictal discharges in epileptic patients and animal models. This review focusses on studies that have addressed epileptiform synchronization in temporal lobe regions by employing in vitro and in vivo recording techniques. Read More
Neuropharmacology 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Dept of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Physiological Laboratory, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3EG, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
In addition to reducing seizures, anti-epileptic treatments should preserve physiological network activity. Here, we used a thalamocortical slice preparation displaying physiological slow oscillations to investigate the effects of anticonvulsant drugs on physiological activity and epileptiform activity in two pharmacological epilepsy models. Thus, we compared the effects of GABA pharmacology on spontaneous physiological and pathological events in slices of the mouse barrel cortex. Read More
Front Cell Neurosci 2018 6;12:390. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
Division of Physiology and Neuroscience, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.
The synchronization of neuronal activity in the sensorimotor cortices is crucial for motor control and learning. This synchrony can be modulated by upstream activity in the cerebello-cortical network. However, many questions remain over the details of how the cerebral cortex and the cerebellum communicate. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Nov 20;8(1):17089. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.
Cortical propagating waves have recently attracted significant attention by the neuroscience community. These travelling waves have been suggested to coordinate different brain areas and play roles in assisting neural plasticity and learning. However, it is extremely challenging to record them with very fine spatial scales over large areas to investigate their effect on neural dynamics or network connectivity changes. Read More
Epilepsy J 2018 28;4(2). Epub 2018 Jun 28.
Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, California, United States of America.
Epilepsy remains one of the most common neurological disorders. In patients, it is characterized by unprovoked, spontaneous, and recurrent seizures or ictal events. Typically, inter-ictal events or large bouts of population level activity can be measured between seizures and are generally asymptomatic. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Nov 16;8(1):16959. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Dominick P. Purpura Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1410 Pelham Parkway South, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA.
Migraine is a highly prevalent, debilitating, episodic headache disorder affecting roughly 15% of the population. Familial hemiplegic migraine type 2 (FHM2) is a rare subtype of migraine caused by mutations in the ATP1A2 gene, encoding the α isoform of the Na/K-ATPase, predominantly expressed in astrocytes. Differential comorbidities such as epilepsy and psychiatric disorders manifest in patients. Read More
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2018 Dec 15;39(12):2371-2377. Epub 2018 Nov 15.
From the Department of Diagnostic Imaging (D.M.-M., E.W.)
Background And Purpose: Abnormalities of oligodendrocytes have been reported in surgical specimens of patients with medically intractable epilepsy. The aim of this study was to compare the MR imaging, magnetoencephalography, and surgical outcome of children with oligodendrocytosis relative to focal cortical dysplasia I.
Materials And Methods: Oligodendrocytosis included oligodendroglial hyperplasia, oligodendrogliosis, and oligodendroglial-like cells in the white matter, gray matter, or both from children with medically intractable epilepsy. Read More
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:3148-3151
Diagnosis of epilepsy based on visual inspection of electroencephalogram (EEG) abnormalities is an inefficient, time-consuming, and expert-centered process. Moreover, the diagnosis based on ictal epileptiform events is challenging as the ictal patterns are infrequent. Consequently, the development of an automated, fast, and reliable epileptic EEG diagnostic system is essential. Read More
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2018 Jul;2018:2044-2047
Over the past couple of decades, glial cells have been highlighted as active agents in hyperexcitability of neuronal networks, specifically playing key roles in seizure onset and termination. In particular, microglia have been suggested to have both neuroprotective and neurotoxic effects on the brain. Investigation into seizure termination is of particular interest, as it is sometimes followed by a postictal generalized EEG suppression (PGES) - a low activity state that is potentially associated with sudden unexpected death in epilepsy. Read More
Clin EEG Neurosci 2018 Nov 14:1550059418813020. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
1 University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
Positive occipital sharp transients of sleep (POSTS) and lambda waves have similar morphology and location. We studied a possible association between these 2 normal EEG patterns. We reviewed a series of consecutive unselected ambulatory EEGs during a 3-month period (October 16, 2017 to January 19, 2018) and identified records with POSTS and records with lambda waves. Read More
Brain Res Bull 2018 Nov 10;144:187-193. Epub 2018 Nov 10.
State Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100005, China; Neuroscience Center, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100005, China. Electronic address:
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with hippocampal sclerosis is the most common type of drug-resistant epilepsy. Non-human primates are attractive models for studying the pathogenic mechanisms of TLE, with the goal of developing new drugs and interventions. In this study, we developed and tested a Cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) model of TLE. Read More
Brain Res 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran; Institute for Brain Sciences and Cognition, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
Low frequency stimulation (LFS) has inhibitory effect on hyperexcitability during epileptic states. However, knowledge is lacking about LFS patterns that can exert an optimal antiepileptic effect. In this study, the effect of different numbers of pulses and current intensities of 1 Hz LFS applied at various time points of epileptiform activity was evaluated in high-K model of epileptiform activity (EA). Read More
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Nov 10. Epub 2018 Nov 10.
Department of Neurosurgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois.
Background And Importance: Abdominal epilepsy is a rare seizure disorder characterized by episodic gastrointestinal symptoms with electroencephalogram abnormalities. It is typically well treated with anti-epileptic medications; however, little is known about treatment of refractory cases.
Clinical Presentation: The patient is a 16-yr-old male who began experiencing episodic abdominal pain and distension at the age of 2. Read More
Neurology 2018 Nov 9;91(22):e2078-e2088. Epub 2018 Nov 9.
From the Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy (S.Z., Z.M., L.H.-H., S.K., S. Balestrini, S.M.S.) and Division of Neuropathology (Z.M., M.T.), UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK; Clinic of Neurology (S.Z.), Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Marche Polytechnic University, Ancona, Italy; Department of Pediatric Neurology and Neurological Rehabilitation (C.S., T.H., P.W., G.J.K.) and Neurosurgery Clinic and Clinic for Epilepsy Surgery (M.K.), Schön Klinik Vogtareuth; Department of Pediatrics (C.S., M.S.), Children's Hospital Augsburg, Germany; UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health (J.R.N., K.V., S.M.V., J.H.C.), London, UK; Paediatric Neurology and Neurogenetics Unit and Laboratories (D.M., R.G.), A. Meyer Children's Hospital, University of Florence, Italy; Chalfont Centre for Epilepsy (Z.M., L.H.-H., S.K., S. Balestrini, S.M.S.), Chalfont-St-Peter, Buckinghamshire, UK; CeGaT-Center for Genomics and Transcriptomics (A.P., S. Biskup), Tübingen, Germany; Neurogenetics Unit (M.L.), Department of Medical Genetics, Hospital de São João, Porto, Portugal; Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine (J.G.), University Medical Center Göttingen; Hospital for Children and Adolescents (A.M.), University Clinic Leipzig, Germany; Freiburg Medical Laboratory (M.J.), Dubai; The Danish Epilepsy Centre (R.S.M., E.G.), Dianalund; Institute for Regional Health Services (R.S.M., E.G.), University of Southern Denmark, Odense; Department of Clinical Genetics (B.S.K.), Odense University Hospital; Hans Christian Andersen Children's Hospital (L.K.H.), Odense, Denmark; Pediatric Neurology and Muscular Diseases Unit (M.S.V., P.S.), Department of Neurosciences, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, and Maternal and Child Health, University of Genoa "G. Gaslini" Institute, Italy; Division of Neurology (K.L.H.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA; Department of Neurology (S.D., C.L.S.-H.), Division of Neurogenetics, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD; Center for Genomic Medicine (N.H.-F.), Tohoku University; Department of Pediatrics (N.H.-F.), Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan; Department of Pediatrics (T.T., R.L.) and Institute of Clinical Medicine (K.O.), University of Tartu; Children's Clinic (T.T., R.L.), Department of Radiology (P.I.), and Department of Clinical Genetics, United Laboratories (K.O.), Tartu University Hospital, Estonia; Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (I.K.); Department of Pediatric Neurology (A.H.), Clinic Traunstein; Children's Hospital (M.K.), Dr. Horst Schmidt Klinik, Wiesbaden; Altona Children's Hospital (J.H.), Hamburg; Department of Pediatrics (C. Makowski), Technische Universität München, Germany; Department of Clinical Genetics (S.G.), Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards; John Hunter Children's Hospital (G.M.S.), New Lambton Heights, New South Wales, Australia; Department of Neurology (R.T.), University Hospital of Wales; Institute of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences (R.H.T.), Cardiff University; Division of Neuroradiology (C. Micallef), National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London; Department of Brain Repair & Rehabilitation (D.J.W.), Stroke Research Centre, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK; Paracelsus Medical University (G.J.K.), Salzburg, Austria; and IRCCS Stella Maris Foundation (R.G.), Pisa, Italy.
Objective: To characterize the neurologic phenotypes associated with mutations and to seek genotype-phenotype correlation.
Methods: We analyzed clinical, EEG, and neuroimaging data of 44 new and 55 previously reported patients with mutations.
Results: Childhood-onset focal seizures, frequently complicated by status epilepticus and resistance to antiepileptic drugs, was the most common phenotype. Read More
Cureus 2018 Aug 13;10(8):e3134. Epub 2018 Aug 13.
Internal Medicine, Punjab Medical College Allied Hospital Faisalabad, Faisalabad, PAK.
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome is one of the rare childhood-onset epileptic encephalopathies, characterized by multiple type seizure disorder, the typical pattern on electroencephalogram and intellectual disability. Tonic-type seizures are most commonly seen in these patients. Behavioral disturbances and cognitive decline are gradual-onset and last long after the first episode of epileptiform activity. Read More
J Paediatr Child Health 2018 Nov 8. Epub 2018 Nov 8.
Department of Neurology, Children's Neuroscience Service, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
Aim: A new-onset seizure clinic (NOSC) was established at our hospital in 2011, with the aim to provide accurate diagnosis and appropriate management to children with new-onset seizures or seizure mimics.
Methods: We report on the data analysis of the first 200 children seen in NOSC. A paediatric neurologist or paediatric/neurology trainee under supervision of a neurologist reviewed all the children. Read More
Epilepsy Behav 2018 Dec 3;89:94-98. Epub 2018 Nov 3.
F.M. Kirby Neurobiology Center, Translational Neuroscience Center, Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America. Electronic address:
High-voltage rhythmic electroencephalographic (EEG) spikes have been recorded in wildtype (WT) rats during periods of light slow-wave sleep and passive wakefulness. The source of this activity is unclear but has been attributed to either an inherent form of absence epilepsy or a normal feature of rodent sleep EEG. In contrast, little is known about epileptiform spikes in WT mice. Read More
Seizure 2018 Dec 26;63:48-51. Epub 2018 Oct 26.
Department of Neurology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
Purpose: To determine the usefulness of the first-hour sleep EEG recording in identifying interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) during long-term video-EEG monitoring.
Method: We retrospectively reviewed 255 consecutive patients who underwent continuous long-term video-EEG monitoring in the adult epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) at the University of Chicago. The complete video-EEG recording was reviewed, and the occurrence of IEDs was determined for each patient. Read More
PLoS One 2018 6;13(11):e0207158. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
Department of Neuroscience, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
Quantification of interictal spikes in EEG may provide insight on epilepsy disease burden, but manual quantification of spikes is time-consuming and subject to bias. We present a probability-based, automated method for the classification and quantification of interictal events, using EEG data from kainate- and saline-injected mice (C57BL/6J background) several weeks post-treatment. We first detected high-amplitude events, then projected event waveforms into Principal Components space and identified clusters of spike morphologies using a Gaussian Mixture Model. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Nov 5;8(1):16312. Epub 2018 Nov 5.
Department of Engineering Science, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
The timing of hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in preterm infants is often uncertain and there are few biomarkers to determine whether infants are in a treatable stage of injury. We evaluated whether epileptiform sharp waves recorded from the parietal cortex could provide early prediction of neuronal loss after HI. Preterm fetal sheep (0. Read More
Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2018 Dec 28;95:406-420. Epub 2018 Oct 28.
Montreal Neurological Institute and Departments of Neurology & Neurosurgery, and of Physiology, McGill University, 3801 University Street, Montréal, PQ, H3A 2B4, Canada; Department of Experimental Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:
Theta oscillations (4-12 Hz) represent one of the most prominent physiological oscillatory activity in the mammalian EEG. They are observed in several areas of the hippocampus and in parahippocampal structures. Theta oscillations play important roles in modulating synaptic plasticity during memory and learning; moreover, they are dependent on septal cholinergic inputs. Read More
Rev Paul Pediatr 2018 Oct-Dec;36(4):519-523. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Centro Hospitalar do Médio Ave, Nova de Famalicão, Portugal.
Objective: Leigh syndrome is a neurodegenerative disorder with an incidence of 1:40,000 live births. It presents wide clinical, biochemical, and genetic heterogeneity, but with homogenous neuropatoradiological alterations. There is no specific treatment, and the prognosis is reserved. Read More
Epileptic Disord 2018 Oct;20(5):413-417
Epilepsy Center, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Centre, Cleveland, USA, Center for SUDEP Research.
STX1B is a gene that encodes syntaxin-1B. STX1B mutations have recently been implicated in fever-associated epilepsy syndromes. However, these have not previously been reported in sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy. Read More
Sleep Med 2018 Sep 20. Epub 2018 Sep 20.
Sleep and Epilepsy Center, Neurocenter of Southern Switzerland, Civic Hospital of Lugano (EOC), via Tesserete 46, Lugano, 6903, Switzerland.
Objective: A case-control study was performed to test the hypothesis that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have chronic sleep deprivation and may be classified into specific sleep-related phenotypes.
Methods: Thirty outpatients with ADHD (nine females, mean age 10.1 ± 2. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Oct 30;8(1):15985. Epub 2018 Oct 30.
NEUROcom, School of Health Sciences University of A Coruna, and Agrupación estratégica CICA-INIBIC - UdC, A Coruna, Spain.
Increasing evidence indicates that static magnetic fields (SMF) reduce cortical activity in both human and animal models. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of SMF on epileptiform cortical activity, a condition related to an abnormal increase in neuronal excitability. The first experimental block included a Pilocarpine rat model of epilepsy, in which a magnetic neodymium nickel-plated cylinder, a magnetic field of 0. Read More
Discrete Continuous Dyn Syst Ser B 2018 Jan;23(1):161-172
USC Stevens Neuroimaging and Informatics Institute University of Southern California, 2025 Zonal Ave Los Angeles, CA, 90033, USA.
Epilepsy is among the most common serious disabling disorders of the brain, and the global burden of epilepsy exerts a tremendous cost to society. Most people with epilepsy have acquired forms, and the development of antiepileptogenic interventions could potentially prevent or cure these epilepsies [3, 13]. The discovery of potential antiepileptogenic treatments is currently a high research priority. Read More
ACS Chem Neurosci 2018 Nov 6. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
Laboratory for Molecular Biodiscovery, Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences , University of Leuven , Leuven 3000 , Belgium.
In view of the clinical need for new antiseizure drugs (ASDs) with novel modes of action, we used a zebrafish seizure model to screen the anticonvulsant activity of medicinal plants used by traditional healers in the Congo for the treatment of epilepsy, and identified a crude plant extract that inhibited pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced seizures in zebrafish larvae. Zebrafish bioassay-guided fractionation of this anticonvulsant Fabaceae species, Indigofera arrecta, identified indirubin, a compound with known inhibitory activity of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3, as the bioactive component. Indirubin, as well as the more potent and selective GSK-3 inhibitor 6-bromoindirubin-3'-oxime (BIO-acetoxime) were tested in zebrafish and rodent seizure assays. Read More
Front Neurol 2018 5;9:829. Epub 2018 Oct 5.
Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
In presurgical evaluation of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), selection of the resection side is challenging when bilateral temporal epileptiform discharges or structural abnormalities are present. We aim to evaluate the lateralization value of beamformer analysis of magnetoencephalography (MEG) in TLE. MEG data from 14 TLE patients were analyzed through beamformer analysis. Read More
Am J Hum Genet 2018 Nov 18;103(5):666-678. Epub 2018 Oct 18.
Division of Genetic Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address:
Developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (DEEs) are severe neurodevelopmental disorders often beginning in infancy or early childhood that are characterized by intractable seizures, abundant epileptiform activity on EEG, and developmental impairment or regression. CACNA1E is highly expressed in the central nervous system and encodes the α-subunit of the voltage-gated Ca2.3 channel, which conducts high voltage-activated R-type calcium currents that initiate synaptic transmission. Read More
Epilepsy Behav 2018 Nov 17;88:341-348. Epub 2018 Oct 17.
Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, United States of America; Department of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, United States of America.
Objectives: The association between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and epilepsy is well-known. Abnormalities on electroencephalography (EEG) results have been reported in patients with ASD without a history of seizures. However, little is known about the relationship between abnormalities on EEG results and the core features of ASD. Read More
PLoS One 2018 19;13(10):e0206095. Epub 2018 Oct 19.
Department of Neurosurgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Objectives: To investigate the long-term postoperative outcomes and predictive factors associated with poor surgical outcomes in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE).
Materials And Methods: We enrolled patients with MTLE who underwent resective surgery at single university-affiliated hospital. Surgical outcomes were determined using a modified Engel classification at the 2nd and 5th years after surgery and the last time of follow-up. Read More
Epilepsia 2018 Nov 19;59(11):2019-2034. Epub 2018 Oct 19.
Neuroscience Institute, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.
Objective: To determine when spontaneous granule cell epileptiform discharges first occur after hippocampal injury, and to identify the postinjury "latent" period as either a "silent" gestational state of epileptogenesis or a subtle epileptic state in gradual transition to a more obvious epileptic state.
Methods: Nonconvulsive status epilepticus evoked by perforant path stimulation in urethane-sedated rats produced selective and extensive hippocampal injury and a "latent" period that preceded the onset of the first clinically obvious epileptic seizures. Continuous granule cell layer depth recording and video monitoring assessed the time course of granule cell hyperexcitability and the onset/offset times of spontaneous epileptiform discharges and behavioral seizures. Read More
Epilepsy Behav 2018 Nov 15;88:277-282. Epub 2018 Oct 15.
Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, China. Electronic address:
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical and electrographic characteristics of seizures in LGI1-antibody encephalitis.
Methods: The methods utilized in this study were prospective analysis of the clinical manifestations, types of seizures, electroencephalogram (EEG), adjuvant examination, treatment and prognosis of 19 cases of LGI1-antibody encephalitis diagnosed from January 2017 to February 2018 in First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, and reviewed related literatures.
Results: The 15/19 (79%) patients were male, and the average onset age was 58 years (23-82). Read More
Epilepsia 2018 Nov 17;59(11):2035-2048. Epub 2018 Oct 17.
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Objective: Approximately 30% of patients with epilepsy are refractory to existing antiseizure drugs (ASDs). Given that the properties of the central nervous systems of these patients are likely to be altered due to their epilepsy, tissues from rodents that have undergone epileptogenesis might provide a therapeutically relevant disease substrate for identifying compounds capable of attenuating pharmacoresistant seizures. To facilitate the development of such a model, this study describes the effects of classical glutamate receptor antagonists and 20 ASDs on recurrent epileptiform discharges (REDs) in brain slices derived from the kainate-induced status epilepticus model of temporal lobe epilepsy (KA-rats). Read More
J Clin Neurosci 2018 Dec 13;58:201-203. Epub 2018 Oct 13.
Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, United States.
Ictal gaze deviation and oculogyric crisis (OGC) can show identical clinical manifestations. We report a case of repeated drug induced OGCs in a 38 year old patient with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. He was referred to our center for treatment of "intractable" epilepsy manifesting as episodic eye and head deviations with apparent unresponsiveness. Read More
J Vet Intern Med 2018 Nov 16;32(6):2037-2044. Epub 2018 Oct 16.
Department of Internal Medicine and Clinic for Horses, Dogs and Cats, The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wrocław, Poland.
Background: In humans, temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), is a type of focal epilepsy occurring mainly in the mesial TLE (mTLE), commonly associated with hippocampal sclerosis (HS).
Objectives: According to recent studies, TLE might also occur in dogs and could be associated with hippocampal atrophy (HA)/HS. To date, hippocampal lesions have not been correlated with electroencephalographic (EEG) findings in epileptic dogs. Read More
Am J Transl Res 2018 15;10(9):2877-2889. Epub 2018 Sep 15.
Family Planning Research Institute, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology Wuhan 430030, China.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of microglial activation on the onset of epilepsy. Microglias cultured were stimulated with different concentrations of coriaria lactone (CL), and the effects on cell cycle and apoptosis were examined using flow cytometry. Then microglia were stimulated with 5×10 mol/L CL, and levels of cyclin D1 and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) mRNA were measured by fluorescence quantitative PCR; tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in supernatant were detected by radioimmunoassay. Read More