602 results match your criteria Epilepsia Partialis Continua


Epilepsia partialis continua as the presenting feature of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis in a young male.

Neurol Sci 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Neurology, Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences, Delhi, 110095, India.

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Responsive neurostimulation for focal motor status epilepticus.

Ann Clin Transl Neurol 2021 Jun 6;8(6):1353-1361. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

No clear evidence-based treatment paradigm currently exists for refractory and super-refractory status epilepticus, which can result in significant mortality and morbidity. While patients are typically treated with antiepileptic drugs and anesthetics, neurosurgical neuromodulation techniques can also be considered. We present a novel case in which responsive neurostimulation was used to effectively treat a patient who had developed super-refractory status epilepticus, later consistent with epilepsia partialis continua, that was refractory to antiepileptic drugs, immunomodulatory therapies, and transcranial magnetic stimulation. Read More

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Successful treatment of epilepsia partialis continua with perampanel: two pediatric cases.

Epileptic Disord 2021 Apr;23(2):385-391

Department of Pediatric Neurology, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is a form of focal motor status epilepticus, associated with multiple etiologies. Etiology-specific treatments, such as hemispherotomy for Rasmussen encephalitis, lesionectomy for focal cortical dysplasia, and metabolic correction for non-ketotic hyperglycemia, have proven to be efficacious in treating EPC, but, in general, EPC is difficult to treat and often drug-resistant, and there is little evidence to guide therapy. We report the successful treatment of EPC with perampanel in two pediatric patients. Read More

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A case of juvenile CLN1- challenge in diagnosis and epilepsy treatment.

Neurocase 2021 Apr 14;27(2):165-168. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Neurology Department, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.

Classic onset of CLN1 disease is within the first year of life with developmental arrest, epilepsy and rapid progression. In an atypical variant of CLN1 disease onset is later in the juvenile epoch. Although epilepsy in the juvenile form of CLN1 often is less severe than in typical CLN1, treatment of seizures and status epilepticus may be challenging. Read More

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Epilepsy surgery in COVID times-a unique conundrum.

Childs Nerv Syst 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Room No. 607, New Delhi, 110029, India.

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced hospitals to prioritize admissions. Epilepsy surgeries have been postponed at most centers. As the pandemic continues with no definite end in sight in the near future, the question arises until when such patients should be denied appropriate treatment. Read More

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Robotic thermocoagulative hemispherotomy: concept, feasibility, outcomes, and safety of a new "bloodless" technique.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2021 Apr 2:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

4Neurology, and.

Objective: The authors present a new "bloodless" technique for minimally invasive robotic thermocoagulative hemispherotomy (ROTCH). Such a method is being described in the literature for the first time.

Methods: A robotic system was used to plan five sets of different trajectories: anterior disconnection, middle disconnection, posterior disconnection, corpus callosotomy, and temporal stem and amygdalar disconnection. Read More

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Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease presenting as epilepsia partialis continua and non-ictal nystagmus.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jul;28(7):2456-2459

Neurology Department, Coimbra University and Hospital Centre, Coimbra, Portugal.

Background And Purpose: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare form of rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Seizures are uncommon in the early stage of CJD, increasing diagnostic difficulty.

Methods: An autopsy-proven case of CJD presenting initially as an epilepsia partialis continua is reported, in which the initial workup was unremarkable. Read More

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Neurological Complications of Endocrine Emergencies.

Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 2021 03 11;21(5):21. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Neurology, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso, El Paso, TX, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Endocrine disorders are the result of insufficient or excessive hormonal production. The clinical course is long, and the manifestations are nonspecific due to the systemic effect of hormones across many organs and systems including the nervous system. This is a narrative review of the recent evidence of the diagnosis and treatment approach of these medical and neurological emergencies. Read More

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Continuous Visual Focal Status Epilepticus as the Primary Presentation of NMDA-R and GAD65-R Autoimmune Epilepsy.

Front Neurol 2020 26;11:598974. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Epilepsy Clinic, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Mexico City, Mexico.

) has changed in its clinical and pathophysiological definition throughout time. Several etiologies have been described in addition to classic causes of EPC. The following case depicts a young woman who had a peculiar onset of epilepsy with a continuous visual aura becoming a form of chronic recurrent and non-progressive EPC. Read More

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November 2020

A Case Report of Nonketotic Hyperglycemic Seizures: A Diagnostic Dilemma.

Cureus 2020 Nov 10;12(11):e11416. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Neurology, Guntur Medical College, Guntur, IND.

Nonketotic hyperglycemia (NKH) is a rare but serious complication of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus that occurs acutely with a mortality rate of more than 50%. This condition presents with a clinical syndrome consisting of profound hyperglycemia, hyperosmolality, and dehydration. Infrequently, the patients also present with seizure activity. Read More

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November 2020

Rasmussen's encephalitis: mechanisms update and potential therapy target.

Ther Adv Chronic Dis 2020 29;11:2040622320971413. Epub 2020 Nov 29.

Department of Neurology, SanBo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University No. 50 Xiangshanyikesong Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100093, China.

Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is rare neurological diseases characterized as epilepsia partialis continua, invariably hemiparesis, and cognitive impairment. This disease is encountered frequently in childhood and presents with progressive atrophy of the unilateral hemisphere, and there are also sustained neurological complications. Owing to uncertain pathogenesis, the most effective way to limit the influence of seizures currently is cerebral hemispherectomy. Read More

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November 2020

Temporal subcortical T2 hypointensity on MRI in epilepsia partialis continua, a non ketotic hyperglycemia rather than herpes encephalitis.

Int J Neurosci 2020 Dec 8:1-3. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Physiotherapy Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: Hyperglycemia can present as many neurological problems, one of them is seizure. Different brain MRI features can be seen in focal seizures associated with nonketotic hyperglycemia that subcortical T2 hypointensity is the only characteristic one. Finding this MRI feature is highly valuable in early diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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December 2020

Relevance of neurophysiological assessment in a case of epilepsia partialis continua caused by anaplastic large cell lymphoma.

Clin Neurophysiol 2021 Jan 23;132(1):165-166. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Integrated Diagnostics for Epilepsy, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

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January 2021

Thalidomide Use for Complicated Central Nervous System Tuberculosis in Children: Insights From an Observational Cohort.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 03;72(5):e136-e145

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Much of the neurological sequelae of central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis (TB) is due to an excessive cytokine-driven host-inflammatory response. Adjunctive corticosteroids, which reduce cytokine production and thus dampen the inflammation, improve overall survival but do not prevent morbidity. This has prompted investigation of more targeted immunomodulatory agents, including thalidomide. Read More

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Immunomodulation With Azathioprine Therapy in Rasmussen Syndrome: A Multimodal Evaluation.

Neurology 2021 01 12;96(2):e267-e279. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

From the Developmental Neurosciences Programme (S.P., T.B., J.H.C.), Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK; Child Neuropsychiatry Unit (S.P., G.C.), University of Verona, Italy; and Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust (S.P., F.D., S.V., J.H.C.), London, UK.

Objective: To verify safety and efficacy of the corticosteroid-sparing drug azathioprine (AZA) in Rasmussen syndrome (RS), we retrospectively analyzed a cohort of patients with RS recruited in a single pediatric neuroscience center.

Methods: We compared outcomes in 30 patients with RS who received AZA with 23 patients who were not treated with this drug. We used a multimodal approach to correlate therapy with clinical features (seizures, epilepsia partialis continua [EPC], hemiparesis) and neuroimaging markers of progressive brain atrophy. Read More

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January 2021

True abdominal epilepsy is clonic jerking of the abdominal musculature.

Epileptic Disord 2020 Oct;22(5):582-591

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

Abdominal epilepsy (AE) has long been reported as a rare phenomenon in children with various episodic gastrointestinal sensory and painful symptoms suspected to be due to epileptic seizures. Originally, AE was diagnosed when abdominal sensory or painful symptoms were associated with pain, temporal lobe origin, an epileptiform or paroxysmal EEG pattern, and a clinical response to antiseizure medication. AE has also been associated with non-epileptic etiologies such as migraine. Read More

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October 2020

Left Homonymous Hemianopia: An Uncommon, Neuro-ophthalmological Presentation of Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State.

Am J Med Case Rep 2020 3;8(12):463-466. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA.

Spectrum of the neurological deficits in non-ketotic hyperglycemia and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) ranges widely among patients and can have any presentation from focal seizures, epilepsia partialis continua, chorea-hemiballismus syndrome, hemiparesis, hemianopia to mental obtundation and coma. Here we report a case of HHS which presented with Left Homonymous Hemianopia as the only initial presentation. Symptoms slowly resolved over the course of two weeks by administration of insulin and normalizing the glucose. Read More

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September 2020

Age-Dependent Reduction in Severity and Discrete Topographical Patterns in Rasmussen Encephalitis: A Link to Cortical Maturation?

Pediatr Neurol 2020 11 11;112:25-33. Epub 2020 Aug 11.

Professor of Neuropathology and Head, General Pathology, Department of General Pathology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India.

Background: Autopsy studies in Rasmussen encephalitis reveal areas of sparing within the affected hemisphere. Clinical progression and inflammation are milder with an older onset. We sought to demonstrate radiological corroboration for these patterns. Read More

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November 2020

Diagnostic algorithm for children presenting with epilepsia partialis continua.

Epilepsia 2020 10 2;61(10):2224-2233. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Department of Paediatric Neurology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK.

Objective: To characterize a cohort of children with epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) and develop a diagnostic algorithm incorporating key differential diagnoses.

Methods: Children presenting with EPC to a tertiary pediatric neurology center between 2002 and 2019 were characterized.

Results: Fifty-four children fulfilled EPC criteria. Read More

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October 2020

Abdominal epilepsia partialis continua due to cortical ischemia: a video-documented case report and review.

Acta Neurol Belg 2021 Feb 26;121(1):279-281. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Department of Neurology, CHR NAMUR, 185, Avenue Albert Ier, 5000, Namur, Belgium.

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February 2021

Lingual epilepsia partialis continua: a detailed video-EEG and neuroimaging study.

Epileptic Disord 2020 Aug;22(4):494-500

Biomedical Research Institute (IDIVAL),, Department of Intensive Medicine, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, Santander, Cantabria, Spain.

Motor epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is a frequent and widely described variant of simple focal motor status epilepticus. However, lingual EPC is an unusual epileptic condition. We present a case of lingual EPC secondary to low-grade glioma in which the EEG and neuroimaging features were particularly remarkable. Read More

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Rasmussen's encephalitis: From immune pathogenesis towards targeted-therapy.

Seizure 2020 Oct 25;81:76-83. Epub 2020 Jul 25.

Pediatric Neurology and Muscular Diseases Unit, IRCCS "G. Gaslini" Institute, Genova, Italy; Department of Neurosciences, Rehabilitation, Ophtalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, University of Genoa, Genova, Italy.

Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is a unilateral hemispheric encephalitis whose main clinical features include refractory focal epilepsy or epilepsia partialis continua, hemiparesis, and progressive cognitive decline. Despite the autoimmune pathogenesis of RE, the only definitive therapeutic option is currently represented by surgery. We review the clinical features, the immune pathogenesis, and the available therapeutic options for RE, with special focus on immunosuppressive agents. Read More

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October 2020

Epilepsy surgery for Rasmussen encephalitis: the UCLA experience.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2020 Jul 17:1-9. Epub 2020 Jul 17.

Departments of1Neurosurgery.

Objective: Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is a rare inflammatory neurological disorder typically involving one hemisphere and resulting in drug-resistant epilepsy and progressive neurological decline. Here, the authors present seizure outcomes in children who underwent epilepsy surgery for RE at a single institution.

Methods: The records of consecutive patients who had undergone epilepsy surgery for RE at the UCLA Mattel Children's Hospital between 1982 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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GABA receptor autoimmunity after alemtuzumab treatment for multiple sclerosis.

Neurology 2020 09 10;95(9):399-401. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

From the Department of Neurology and Stroke Unit "A. Cardarelli Hospital" (G.T.M., G.S., V.M., M.N., P.C., C.F.); Multiple Sclerosis Centre "A. Cardarelli Hospital" (G.T.M., C.F.), Naples; Neurology Unit (S.M., S.F., S.B.), Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine, and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Italy; Institute of Neurology (R.H.), Medical University of Vienna, Austria; Multiple Sclerosis Center (R.C.), ASST - Spedali Civili of Brescia, Montichiari; Department of Neuroradiology (S.G.), San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan; and Ragon Institute of Massachusetts General Hospital (M.S.), Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard Medical School, Cambridge.

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September 2020

The Perirolandic Sign: A Unique Imaging Finding Observed in Association with Polymerase γ-Related Disorders.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2020 05 7;41(5):917-922. Epub 2020 May 7.

From the Departments of Radiology and Division of Neuroradiology (F.G.G., B.H., C.A.P.F.A., S.R.T., J.S.M.-S., A.V., G.Z.).

Pathogenic variants in the () cause a diverse group of pathologies known as -related disorders. In this report, we describe brain MR imaging findings and electroencephalogram correlates of 13 children with -related disorders at diagnosis and follow-up. At diagnosis, all patients had seizures and 12 had abnormal MR imaging findings. Read More

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"Negative T2 shine through" in patients with hyperglycemia and seizures: a frequently overlooked MRI pattern.

Neuroradiology 2020 Jul 26;62(7):895-899. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Department of Neurology, University Medical Center Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Epileptic seizures associated with hyperglycemia have a rare but characteristic MR imaging pattern which however is frequently missed. It consists of a T2 hypointensity and an apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) decrease of the white matter underlying the epileptic cortex; the cortex itself may be DWI hyperintense and show a blood-brain barrier disruption. Prompt diagnosis is relevant since treatment of the hyperglycemic state rather than treatment with anti-epileptic drugs frequently interrupts the seizures. Read More

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Bilateral asymmetric auricular myoclonus as a manifestation of focal motor seizure: Phenomenology, potential lateralizing value, and insights into auricular motor control.

J Neurol Sci 2020 06 2;413:116762. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. Electronic address:

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Epilepsia Partialis Continua as an Early Sign of Anti-Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein Antibody-positive Encephalitis.

Intern Med 2020 Jun 5;59(11):1445-1449. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Neurology, Japanese Red Cross Medical Center, Japan.

Anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies have been associated with steroid-responsive cortical encephalitis and comorbid generalized epilepsy. A 44-year-old woman developed repeated epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) without generalized seizures and was anti-MOG antibody-positive. Radiological abnormalities were detected in the bilateral medial frontoparietal cortices, but there were no cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities. Read More

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Very late-onset mitochondrial cytopathy featuring epilepsia partialis continua and bilateral deafness: A case report.

Seizure 2020 Jan 28;76:153-155. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Oxford Epilepsy Research Group, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Clinical Neuroscience, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK. Electronic address:

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January 2020