3,556 results match your criteria Epididymitis

Isolated tuberculous orchitis presented as epididymo-orchitis: An unusual presentation of tuberculosis.

Urol Ann 2022 Apr-Jun;14(2):189-195. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Department of Internal MedicineDiseases, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) is almost 8%-15% of the extrapulmonary site of TB of all kinds, and epididymal involvement is rarer, counted only 28% of UGTB. Isolated tuberculous epididymitis (ITE), without the inclusion of prostate or clinical evidence of renal involvement, is an even more rare entity and is challenging to diagnose. However, isolated epididymis TB presented as a huge scrotal abscess with scrotal sack involvement is exceptionally uncommon. Read More

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February 2022

Recurrent epididymitis caused due to isolated prostatic utricle cyst in a child.

Yu-Tang Chang

Pediatr Neonatol 2022 May 22. Epub 2022 May 22.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, 80708, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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Comparative Review of Brucellosis in Small Domestic Ruminants.

Front Vet Sci 2022 12;9:887671. Epub 2022 May 12.

Instituto de Patobiología Veterinaria, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA)-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), N. Repetto y de Los Reseros, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

and are the primary etiological agents of brucellosis in small domestic ruminants. was first isolated in 1887 by David Bruce in Malta Island from spleens of four soldiers, while was originally isolated in Australia and New Zealand in early 1950's from ovine abortion and rams epididymitis. Today, both agents are distributed worldwide: remains endemic and associated with an extensive negative impact on the productivity of flocks in -some regions, and is still present in most sheep-raising regions in the world. Read More

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Integrative Analysis of Small RNA and mRNA Expression Profiles Identifies Signatures Associated With Chronic Epididymitis.

Front Immunol 2022 11;13:883803. Epub 2022 May 11.

Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Fertility Regulation, Center of Assisted Reproduction and Embryology, The University of Hong Kong - Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Chronic epididymitis (CE) refers to a long-lasting inflammatory condition of the epididymis, which is considered the most common site of intrascrotal inflammation and an important aetiological factor of male infertility. Recent studies demonstrate that small RNAs secreted from epididymal epithelium modulate embryo development and offspring phenotypes sperm transmission, and the resulting modifications may lead to transgenerational inheritance. However, to date, the genome-wide analysis of small RNA together with the transcriptomic expression profiles of human epididymis and CE is still lacking. Read More

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Application of core needle biopsy in the diagnosis of epididymal tuberculosis: a retrospective analysis of 41 cases.

Int J Infect Dis 2022 May 20;122:33-37. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Urology, Affiliated Hangzhou Chest Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Objective: We aimed to investigate the use of core needle biopsy (CNB) in epididymal tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis.

Methods: We analyzed 41 samples collected between January 1, 2018, and January 31, 2021, from patients who underwent CNB for suspected epididymal TB. All specimens were examined using histopathological examination and the Xpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli/rifampicin (MTB/RIF) assay. Read More

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Vasitis mimicking an inguinal hernia: A diagnostic dilemma.

Urol Case Rep 2022 Jul 25;43:102097. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

The Tweed Hospital, Tweed Heads, NSW, 2485, Australia.

Vasitis is a rare disorder characterised by inflammation of the vas deferens. It presents with scrotal or inguinal pain/swelling, mimicking the more commonly occurring conditions such as epididymitis, orchitis, testicular torsion or an incarcerated inguinal hernia. While ultrasound may exclude some of these differential diagnoses, computed tomography (CT) or Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is needed to distinguish vasitis from an incarcerated inguinal hernia. Read More

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[Urinary diversion for acute epididymitis : Transurethral or suprapubic catheter?]

Urologe A 2022 Apr 29. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie, Kinderurologie und Andrologie, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Gießen, Deutschland.

Acute infective epididymitis is the most common cause for scrotal pain in adults. The severe course of the disease requires immediate antimicrobial management, comprised antibiotic treatment and supportive measures. Patients with chronic indwelling catheters and developing epididymitis show a more severe clinical course compared to patients without a catheter. Read More

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Reprint of: A rare diagnosis of segmental testicular infarction on colored doppler ultrasound.

Dis Mon 2022 Apr 25:101383. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Sacred Heart University Physician Assistant Studies, Fairfield, CT, United States.

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A simplified ultrasound approach to diagnose testicular torsion and predict unsalvageable testis.

Med Ultrason 2022 Apr 18. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Department of Radiology, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical Center, 7, Keunjaebong-gil, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 18450, Republic of Korea.

Aims: To develop a decision tree model using US features to differentiate testicular torsion and other conditions of acute scrotum and to investigate predictive parameters of unsalvageable testis in testicular torsion.

Materials And Methods: Scrotal US was reviewed in patients aged <30 years who presented with acute scrotum from 2014 to 2020. US findings of whirlpool sign, testicular volume ratio, heterogeneous echotexture, testicular vascularity, epididymis enlargement and/or hyperemia, and avascular nodule were evaluated and compared. Read More

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Characterization of lesions in the temporal muscle and the male reproductive system (epididymis and testicle) of dogs experimentally infected with Leishmania infantum with different clinical stages.

Vet Parasitol 2022 May 26;305:109700. Epub 2022 Mar 26.

Animal Pathology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Agrifood Institute of Aragón (IA2), University of Zaragoza-CITA, Zaragoza, Spain.

Leishmaniosis is a zoonotic disease with a very complex pathogenesis modulated by the interaction between the parasite, the vector and the host. Although the pathological characteristics have been extensively studied in the typically affected organs, some locations such as muscles and reproductive organs have been less studied. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of lesions in the temporal muscle and the male reproductive organs (testicle and epididymis) and correlate their characteristics with the presence of the parasite and with the clinical status of the dogs. Read More

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Non-empirical management of asymptomatic chlamydia and gonorrhoea reduces unnecessary antibiotic use fivefold: a before and after study.

Sex Transm Infect 2022 Apr 5. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

School of Population Health, University of New South Wales Faculty of Medicine, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: In 2019, informed by favourable patient and provider acceptability surveys and concerns about antimicrobial resistance, Sydney Sexual Health Centre stopped routinely providing empirical antibiotic treatment to asymptomatic contacts of (chlamydia) and (gonorrhoea). We aimed to assess if this policy change had any negative impact on patient outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective file review of people who presented as asymptomatic contacts of chlamydia and gonorrhoea cases before and after the policy change was conducted. Read More

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Advances in the antibiotic management of epididymitis.

Jay Khastgir

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2022 May 4:1-11. Epub 2022 May 4.

Princess of Wales Hospital, Cwm Taff Bro Morgannwg Nhs University Health Board & Swansea University School of Medicine, Swansea, Wales.

Introduction: Acute epididymitis is commonly encountered and typically presents acutely within a wide clinical spectrum. Most cases of acute epididymitis are caused by bacterial infection, most often by sexually transmitted organisms and urinary pathogens. Current treatment regimens remain empirical, although recent advances using modern diagnostic techniques support a change in the management paradigm. Read More

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Gonococcal endocarditis with aortic root abscess and severe aortic insufficiency.

IDCases 2022 15;28:e01474. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT, United States.

Gonorrhea caused by is a very common sexually transmitted infection in the United States and World-wide (Kirkcaldy et al., 2019) [1]. The population with highest prevalence is young sexually active adults aged 15-24 years. Read More

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Congenital aphallia associated with congenital urethrorectal fistula: A rare case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Feb;101(7):e28878

2th Department, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Rationale: Aphallia is an extremely rare congenital malformation of unknown cause, with few reports in the literature. It is usually associated with other urogenital and gastrointestinal anomalies and is believed to be a result of either the absence of a genital tubercle or chromosome polymorphism. Herein, we describe an extremely rare case of congenital aphallia with congenital urethrorectal fistula and describe our treatment for this patient. Read More

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February 2022

Gonococcal tysonitis, a rare local complication of gonorrhea: a clinical study of 15 cases.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2022 May 23;41(5):787-792. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, First People's Hospital of Changshu City, Changshu Hospital Affiliated To Soochow University, Changshu, 215500, Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China.

To investigate the incidence, clinical manifestations, and treatments of gonococcal tysonitis in men. We enrolled men with gonococcal tysonitis and men with gonococcal urethritis from January 2000 to December 2020. Demographic data, interval from non-marital sexual contact to the onset of symptoms of gonococcal tysonitis, occurrence sites, and manifestations were recorded for all patients. Read More

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Emerging Presence of Culturable Microorganisms in Clinical Samples of the Genitourinary System: Systematic Review and Experience in Specialized Care of a Regional Hospital.

J Clin Med 2022 Mar 1;11(5). Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Program in Clinical Medicine and Public Health, University of Granada & Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada (ibs.GRANADA), 18016 Granada, Spain.

The detection of emerging pathogens responsible for genitourinary infections has increased with technological advances. We conducted a systematic review of publications on the involvement of these microorganisms in genitourinary samples, and we also investigated their presence and antibiotic susceptibility in samples from patients at our regional hospital (Granada, Spain). The MEDLINE database was searched up to 31 December 2020, and a cross-sectional descriptive study was performed of results obtained in urine samples and genital exudates from January 2016 through December 2019. Read More

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Testicular infarction and spontaneous scrotal rupture secondary to acute epididymo-orchitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Mar 4;15(3). Epub 2022 Mar 4.

Department of Urology, Northern Hospital Epping, Epping, Victoria, Australia.

Epididymo-orchitis is a common cause of acute unilateral testicular pain. Both infectious or non-infectious causes have been proposed and, rarely, testicular abscess formation and even infarction can occur as a severe complication. We present here a case of acute epididymo-orchitis leading to testicular abscess formation, infarction and spontaneous rupture through the scrotal wall despite appropriate antibiotic treatments. Read More

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Xanthogranulomatous epididymo-orchitis: A case report with review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 Mar 12;92:106832. Epub 2022 Feb 12.

Kscien Organization, Hamdi Str, Azadi Mall, Sulaimani, Kurdistan, Iraq.

Introduction: Xanthogranulomatous orchitis is an extremely rare condition of the test is marked by the necrosis and effacement of testicular parenchyma by an inflammatory process. The current study aims to report a case of xanthogranulomatous epididymo-orchitis.

Case Report: A 35-year-old man presented with a history of recurrent attacks of dull pain and swelling of the right side of the scrotum for 3 weeks. Read More

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A Fatal Case of Penile Calciphylaxis.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2022 Jan-Dec;10:23247096221076275

Kern Medical, Bakersfield, CA, USA.

Calciphylaxis is a rare and serious complication of chronic renal failure characterized by vascular calcium overload. It has a high mortality rate. Penile calciphylaxis is an extremely rare condition of penile necrosis due to calciphylaxis of the penile arterioles. Read More

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Acute orchiepididymitis: Epidemiological and clinical aspects: An analysis of 152 cases.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Mar 9;75:103335. Epub 2022 Feb 9.

Urology Department, IBN Rochd University Hospital, Casablanca, Morocco.

Introduction: Orchiepididymitis is an inflammation of the testis and epididymis. Epididymitis, orchitis, and true orchiepididymitis are all examples of orchiepididymites. They are the most frequent cause of adult acute scrotal pain. Read More

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Multiple vas deferens with polyorchidism and many congenital malformations in a symptomatic 11-year-old male patient: a rare case report.

BMC Urol 2022 Feb 23;22(1):26. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

Department of Urological Surgery, Surgical Kidney Hospital, Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic.

Background: Ductus deferens may manifest in a variety of anomalies such as its absence, duplication, ectopy, or diverticulum. Ectopic seminal tract opening has two main types, ectopic ejaculatory duct opening, and ectopic vas deferens opening. Generally, ductus deferens anomalies affect approximately 0. Read More

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February 2022

Testicular Atrophy and Epididymitis-Orchitis Associated with Infectious Bronchitis Virus in Broiler Breeder Roosters.

Avian Dis 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Veterinary Diagnostic Pathology, LLC, Fort Valley, VA 22652.

Infectious bronchitis is a respiratory disease of chickens caused by a gammacoronavirus named infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). In addition to affecting the respiratory tract, IBV may also induce urogenital infections, leading to nephropathogenic disease, false layer syndrome in laying hens, and epididymal lithiasis and epididymitis in males. Here, we report a case of decreased reproductive efficiency due to male infertility in 33- to 38-wk-old broiler breeders. Read More

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January 2022

2021 European guideline on the management of Mycoplasma genitalium infections.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2022 May 19;36(5):641-650. Epub 2022 Feb 19.

WHO Collaborating Centre for Gonorrhoea and other STIs, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.

Mycoplasma genitalium infection contributes to 10-35% of non-chlamydial non-gonococcal urethritis in men. In women, M. genitalium is associated with cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in 10-25%. Read More

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The Transcriptional Regulator MucR, but Not Its Controlled Acid-Activated Chaperone HdeA, Is Essential for Virulence and Modulates Surface Architecture and Properties in PA.

Front Vet Sci 2021 31;8:814752. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Departamento de Microbiología y Genética, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.

is a non-zoonotic bacterium causing contagious epididymitis and other genital lesions in rams and responsible for significant economic losses in sheep-breeding areas. It is a naturally rough (without O-chains in the lipopolysaccharide) species whose virulence mechanisms have been less explored than those of zoonotic smooth brucellae (bearing O-chains that mask other outer membrane molecules). Considering the rough nature of , the influence of surface components other than O-chains on its biological properties may be greater than in smooth species. Read More

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January 2022

Pearls and Pitfalls of Pediatric Scrotal Imaging.

Semin Ultrasound CT MR 2022 Feb 16;43(1):115-129. Epub 2021 May 16.

Department of Radiology, LeBonheur Children's Hospital, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN. Electronic address:

Ultrasonography (US) is the primary imaging modality for the evaluation of pediatric scrotal disease. The ability to obtain exceptional anatomical detail and testicular perfusion information without ionizing radiation makes it the essential tool for evaluating scrotal pain and palpable masses. Challenges arise in both the performance and interpretation of scrotal US in the child. Read More

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February 2022

Evaluation of the efficacy of polymeric antigen BLSOmp31 formulated in a new cage-like particle adjuvant (ISPA) administered by parenteral or mucosal routes against Brucella ovis in BALB/c mice.

Res Vet Sci 2022 Jul 6;145:29-39. Epub 2022 Feb 6.

Laboratorio de Inmunología, Departamento de Sanidad Animal y Medicina Preventiva (SAMP), Centro de Investigación Veterinaria Tandil (CIVETAN-CONICET-CICPBA), Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias (FCV), Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (UNCPBA), Tandil, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Brucella ovis is an economically important cause of epididymitis in rams worldwide. Polymeric BLSOmp31 was previously identified as a protective immunogen against this pathogen. In this study, BLSOmp31 was formulated with a modified version of ISCOMATRIX adjuvant called ISPA (BLSOmp31/ISPA) and was administered in BALB/C by the subcutaneous and ocular route. Read More

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Localized genitourinary tract infection in an immunocompetent patient: Bladder and epidydimal aspergillosis.

Urol Case Rep 2022 May 24;42:102012. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Hospital Angeles Pedregal, Mexico City, Mexico.

Invasive bladder Aspergillosis has only been reported in six publications so far. A 74-year-old male, presented to the emergency department with fever, abdominal pain, and right testicular enlargement. Abdominal computed tomography concluded a bladder tumor and testicular ultrasound reported right epididymitis. Read More

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Epstein-Barr virus-associated infectious mononucleosis with acute epididymitis: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2022 Feb 10;22(1):147. Epub 2022 Feb 10.

Department of General Medicine, Toyooka Public Hospital, 1094, Tobera, Hyogo, 668-8501, Toyooka, Japan.

Background: Infectious mononucleosis due to the Epstein-Barr virus is an infectious disease that causes the appearance of atypical lymphocytes in the peripheral blood; it mainly presents with fever, tonsillar pharyngitis, and lymphadenopathy. In addition to hepatitis, splenomegaly, and rashes, it can involve different organs. Here, a case of epididymitis as a rare complication in a patient with Epstein-Barr virus-associated infectious mononucleosis was reported. Read More

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February 2022

How useful is a complete urinary tract ultrasound in orchiepididymitis?

PLoS One 2022 10;17(2):e0263934. Epub 2022 Feb 10.

Pediatric Emergency Division, Department of Pediatrics, Gynecology, and Obstetrics, Geneva University Hospitals, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Orchiepididymitis (OE) is a frequent cause of pediatric emergency department attendance in boys presenting with acute scrotum. The etiology of most episodes of OE remains unclear and there is no consensus regarding the correlation between OE and underlying genitourinary malformations. Whether imaging evaluation should comprise complete urinary tract ultrasonography (US) or voiding cystography is a subject of debate. Read More

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February 2022

Efficacy of Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Therapy Against Intestinal Behçet's Disease Complicated by Recurrent Enterocutaneous Fistulae.

Biologics 2022 2;16:1-6. Epub 2022 Feb 2.

Department of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

A 55-year-old man presented with recurrent ulcers and an enterocutaneous fistula at the anastomotic site after surgery for an ileovesical fistula and was diagnosed with intestinal Behçet's disease after undergoing surgery for enterocutaneous fistulae twice. The patient was transferred to our hospital because of recurrent enterocutaneous fistulae. He had a history of recurrent oral aphthous ulcers, folliculitis, and epididymitis and met the diagnostic/classification criteria for incomplete Behçet's disease and thus was diagnosed as having intestinal Behçet's disease. Read More

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February 2022