875 results match your criteria Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita
J Cutan Med Surg 2018 May/Jun;22(3):356-358
2 Division of Dermatology and Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathobiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a rare acquired type of mechanobullous disease affecting the dermal-epidermal junction (DEJ) of trauma prone acral surfaces. It manifests as tense vesicles, bullae, and milia and typically heals as atrophic hypo- or hyperpigmented scars. Classic noninflammatory mechanobullous EBA typically presents at a mean age of 48 years. Read More
Dermatopathology (Basel) 2018 Jan-Mar;5(1):1-5. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
Harvard Combined Dermatology Residency Program, and Departments of Pathology and Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a rare mucocutaneous blistering disorder with typical onset in adulthood. Diagnosis and management can be difficult owing to the variability in presentation and clinical manifestation. In this case, we explore a case of EBA as well as provide a general overview of the condition and its variants. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 21;9:570. Epub 2018 Mar 21.
Laboratory of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, Reims, France.
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune bullous skin disease characterized by anti-BP180 and anti-BP230 autoantibodies (AAbs). Mucous membrane involvement is an uncommon clinical feature of BP which may evoke epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, another skin autoimmune disease characterized by anti-type VII collagen AAbs. We therefore evaluated the presence of anti-type VII collagen AAbs in the serum of BP patients with and without mucosal lesions at time of diagnosis and under therapy. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 16;9:535. Epub 2018 Mar 16.
Institute of Genetics, Department of Biology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is an antibody-mediated blistering skin disease associated with tissue-bound and circulating autoantibodies to type VII collagen (COL7). Transfer of antibodies against COL7 into mice results in a subepidermal blistering phenotype, strictly depending on the complement component C5. Further, activation predominantly by the alternative pathway is required to induce experimental EBA, as blistering was delayed and significantly ameliorated only in factor B mice. Read More
Arh Hig Rada Toksikol 2018 Mar;69(1):77-80
1Rijeka University Faculty of Medicine, Rijeka, Croatia.
Abstrat A 50-year-old female patient suffering from a severe form of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) took legal action against the Croatian Pension Insurance Institute (CPII) in an attempt to overturn their assessment that she was no longer capable of working as a seamstress but still capable of doing administrative jobs. Her claim was that she was not capable of doing any job at all. She was first diagnosed EBA in 2000, and the disease progressed slowly with intermittent remissions. Read More
Semin Immunol 2018 Jun 27;37:21-29. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
Center for Immunology and Inflammatory Diseases, Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
The deposition of IgG autoantibodies in peripheral tissues and the subsequent activation of the complement system, which leads to the accumulation of the anaphylatoxin C5a in these tissues, is a common hallmark of diverse autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and pemphigoid diseases (PDs). C5a is a potent chemoattractant for granulocytes and mice deficient in its precursor C5 or its receptor C5aR1 are resistant to granulocyte recruitment and, consequently, to tissue inflammation in several models of autoimmune diseases. However, the mechanism whereby C5a/C5aR regulates granulocyte recruitment in these diseases has remained elusive. Read More
Clin Dermatol 2018 Mar - Apr;36(2):231-238. Epub 2017 Oct 3.
Department of Dermatovenereology, University Hospital Center Zagreb and University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address:
Autoimmune blistering diseases (AIBD) are a group of chronic diseases affecting the skin and mucous membranes, with different presentation, clinical course, histologic and immunopathologic findings, and different therapeutic approach. Blisters develop as a result of autoantibodies directed against distinct adhesion structures within desmosomes or within the basement membrane zone. The most common AIBD that develops in the elderly is bullous pemphigoid (previously also named "pemphigoid senilis"), but mature patients can also present with other AIBD as mucous membrane pemphigoid, epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, paraneoplastic pemphigus, pemphigus vulgaris, pemphigus foliaceus, linear IgA dermatosis, and dermatitis herpetiformis. Read More
J Invest Dermatol 2018 Mar 17. Epub 2018 Mar 17.
Priority Area Asthma and Allergy, Research Center Borstel, Borstel, Germany; Airway Research Center North, German Center for Lung Research (DZL). Electronic address:
Although uncontrolled proteolytic activity mediated by activated neutrophils is a major reason for tissue damage, therapeutic approaches using protease inhibitors are inefficient. Here, we investigated the role of the immune complex-induced neutrophil adhesion and protease release in tissue damage. We show both in vitro and in vivo that immune complex-mediated neutrophil adhesion to the target tissue depends on β integrins. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 1;9:407. Epub 2018 Mar 1.
Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States.
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune and inflammatory skin disease associated with subepidermal blistering and autoantibodies directed against the hemidesmosomal components BP180 and BP230. Animal models of BP were developed by passively transferring anti-BP180 IgG into mice, which recapitulates the key features of human BP. By using these model systems, key cellular and molecular events leading to the BP disease phenotype are identified, including binding of pathogenic IgG to its target, complement activation of the classical pathway, mast cell degranulation, and infiltration and activation of neutrophils. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 19;9:248. Epub 2018 Feb 19.
Center for Blistering Diseases, Department of Dermatology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
Introduction: Rituximab (RTX) is a monoclonal antibody targeting CD20, a transmembrane protein expressed on B cells, causing B cell depletion. RTX has shown great efficacy in studies of pemphigus vulgaris, but data of pemphigoid diseases are limited.
Objective: To assess the effectiveness and safety of RTX in pemphigoid diseases. Read More
Front Immunol 2018 15;9:249. Epub 2018 Feb 15.
Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
Because of the morbidity and limited therapeutic options of autoimmune diseases, there is a high, and thus far, unmet medical need for development of novel treatments. Pemphigoid diseases, such as epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), are prototypical autoimmune diseases that are caused by autoantibodies targeting structural proteins of the skin, leading to inflammation, mediated by myeloid cells. To identify novel treatment targets, we performed cutaneous genome-wide mRNA expression profiling in 190 outbred mice after EBA induction. Read More
Dermatol Online J 2017 Dec 15;23(12). Epub 2017 Dec 15.
New York University, New York.
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a rare, acquired subepidermal blistering disease. EBA is characterized by autoantibodies to collagen VII,which serves to link the epidermis to the dermis. The two most common presentations of EBA are classical noninflammatory EBA and bullous pemphigoid-like EBA. Read More
Br J Dermatol 2018 Feb;178(2):333
Department of Dermatology, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, LE1 5WW, U.K.
Am J Clin Dermatol 2018 Jun;19(3):391-403
Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VAMC, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Autoimmune bullous diseases (AIBD), including pemphigus, bullous pemphigoid, epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, mucous membrane pemphigoid, and pemphigoid gestationis, pose significant therapeutic challenges, especially in pregnant and post-partum breastfeeding patients or those planning to conceive. Data on the safety and efficacy of therapeutic interventions during the perinatal period are lacking because randomized controlled trials are typically not performed in this setting. However, many of the treatments for AIBD are also used in other diseases, so data can be extrapolated from studies or case reports in these other patient populations. Read More
J Dermatol 2018 May 20;45(5):515-521. Epub 2018 Jan 20.
Department of Dermatology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.
Type VII collagen (COL7), a major component of anchoring fibrils in the epidermal basement membrane zone, has been characterized as a defective protein in dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa and as an autoantigen in epidermolysis bullosa acquisita. Although COL7 is produced and secreted by both epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts, the role of COL7 with regard to the epidermis is rarely discussed. This review focuses on COL7 physiology and pathology as it pertains to epidermal keratinocytes. Read More
Br J Dermatol 2018 Feb 10;178(2):573-574. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
Department of Dermatology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.
An Bras Dermatol 2017 ;92(5 Suppl 1):14-16
Department of Dermatology, Shandong Provincial Hospital for Skin Diseases, Shandong University, Shandong , China.
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is a severe autoimmune subepidermal bullous disease. In this report, we described for the first time a patient with epidermolysis bullosa acquisita who developed acute renal failure. There is a possibility that epidermolysis bullosa acquisita and acute renal failure's pathogenesis shared some common autoimmune pathways. Read More
J Dermatol 2018 Apr 4;45(4):472-474. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
Department of Geriatric and Environmental Dermatology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan.
Subepidermal autoimmune blistering disease including bullous pemphigoid, pemphigoid gestationis, mucous membrane pemphigoid, anti-laminin-γ1 pemphigoid, linear immunoglobulin A bullous disease and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), are all characterized by direct immunofluorescence microscopy or immunoglobulin deposition on the basement membrane zone. Among them, EBA is a rare acquired subepidermal autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes reactive with type VII collagen, a major component of the epidermal basement membrane zone. Anti-laminin-332-type mucous membrane pemphigoid has pathogenic autoantibodies against laminin-332, which is a basement membrane heterotrimeric protein composed of α3, β3 and γ2 laminin chains. Read More
Acta Derm Venereol 2018 Apr;98(4):411-415
Laboratory of Molecular and Cell Biology, Instituto Dermopatico dell'Immacolata-IRCCS, Via dei Monti di Creta, 104, IT-00167 Rome, Italy.
Circulating anti-type VII collagen autoantibodies are frequently detected in patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB). However, evidence supporting their pathogenic role in inducing epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) has been provided for only one individual with dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DDEB). We describe here a patient who presented with dystrophic toenails since early childhood and developed trauma-induced skin blisters and oral erosions at age 26 years. Read More
Br J Dermatol 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
Department of Dermatology at St George Hospital, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
Background: Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a complex autoimmune bullous disease disease with variable clinical presentations and multiple possible diagnostic tests, making an international consensus on the diagnosis of EBA essential.
Objectives: To obtain an international consensus on the clinical and diagnostic criteria for EBA.
Methods: The International Bullous Diseases Group (IBDG) met three times to discuss the clinical and diagnostic criteria for EBA. Read More
Immunol Res 2018 Feb;66(1):6-17
Department of Dermatology, Rambam Health Care Campus, POB 9602, 31096, Haifa, Israel.
Subepidermal autoimmune bullous diseases of the skin and mucosae comprise a large group of chronic diseases, including bullous pemphigoid, pemphigoid gestationis, mucous membrane pemphigoid, linear IgA bullous dermatosis, epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, and anti-p200 pemphigoid. These diseases are characterized by an antibody response toward structural components of the basement membrane zone, resulting in subepidermal blistering. The epidemiological features of these diseases vary substantially in different regions of the world. Read More
J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Apr 16;78(4):754-759.e6. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
Department of Dermatology, Center for Blistering Diseases, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address:
Background: Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) microscopy of a skin biopsy specimen is the reference standard for the diagnosis of pemphigoid diseases (PDs). Serration pattern analysis enables the differentiation of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) from other PDs using DIF microscopy alone. However, practice gaps need to be addressed in order to implement this technique in the routine diagnostic procedure. Read More
Eur J Dermatol 2017 10;27(5):563-564
Department of Dermatology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan, Singapore Immunology Network (SIgN) and Institute of Medical Biology, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Biopolis, Singapore.
Br J Dermatol 2018 Feb 9;178(2):573. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
Department of Dermatology, Center for Blistering Diseases, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
J Invest Dermatol 2018 Feb 20;138(2):301-309. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Germany.
A link between hypovitaminosis D and development of autoimmune bullous disorders has been suggested recently, but this association has not been elaborated experimentally. Here, the role of vitamin D was investigated in epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), an anti-type VII collagen autoantibody-induced blistering skin disease. Oral administration of the hormonally active vitamin D metabolite calcitriol ameliorated clinical disease severity and dermal neutrophil infiltration in both an antibody transfer- and immunization-induced EBA mouse model. Read More
Exp Dermatol 2017 Dec 7;26(12):1199-1206. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
Institute of Anatomy, University of Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany.
Previous reports have demonstrated that cell-derived nanoparticles (CDNPs) composed of bovine or porcine protein complexes exerted therapeutic effects against viral infections and cancer in mice and humans. Based on these observations, we asked whether CDNPs would improve inflammatory skin disorders. To address this, we utilized two distinct mouse models of cutaneous inflammation: the autoimmune skin-blistering disease epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) as an example of an autoantibody-induced cutaneous inflammation, and Leishmania major (L. Read More
Exp Dermatol 2017 Dec;26(12):1207-1213
Institute of Anatomy, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
Autoimmune diseases affect a large fraction of the population in Western countries. To elucidate the underlying causes, autoantibody transfer-induced mouse models have been established that greatly contributed to the understanding of the pathophysiology of these diseases. However, the role of a potentially co-occurring murine xenogeneic immune response to commonly utilized rabbit anti-mouse IgG remains poorly understood. Read More
Exp Dermatol 2017 Dec;26(12):1175-1178
Xiamen-Borstel Joint Laboratory of Autoimmunity, Medical College of Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.
CD11b, the α-chain of β integrin Mac-1, is involved in many activation processes of phagocytes. Depending on the respective autoimmune disorder, CD11b has been shown to exert pro-inflammatory functions or be dispensable in their pathogenesis. Here, we investigated the role of CD11b in the pathogenesis of experimental epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), an autoimmune skin blistering disease mediated by autoantibodies to type VII collagen. Read More
JAMA Dermatol 2017 Nov;153(11):1137-1141
Center for Blistering Diseases, Department of Dermatology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
Importance: Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a potentially lethal opportunistic infection that primary prophylaxis can help prevent. The risk of prophylactic therapy must be weighed against the incidence of PCP in the patient population. Prophylaxis most frequently involves trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, with second-line therapies, including atovaquone, dapsone, and pentamide. Read More
Exp Dermatol 2017 Dec 2;26(12):1163-1170. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
Department of Dermatology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.
Pemphigoid diseases (PD) are a subgroup of rare acute or chronic autoimmune skin disorders characterized and caused by autoantibodies directed against distinct structural components of the dermal-epidermal junction. Binding of autoantibodies to their targets leads to the formation of blisters and erosions in patients. PDs comprise eight disorders for which the molecular target antigens have been identified. Read More
Br J Dermatol 2018 Feb 3;178(2):350-356. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
Dermatology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, U.S.A.
Colchicine is a treatment for gout that has been used for more than a millennium. It is the treatment of choice for familial Mediterranean fever and its associated complication, amyloidosis. The 2009 U. Read More
Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 2018 Feb;54(1):26-51
Department of Dermatology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
Autoimmune subepidermal blistering diseases of the skin and mucosae constitute a large group of sometimes devastating diseases, encompassing bullous pemphigoid, gestational pemphigoid, mucous membrane pemphigoid, epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, and anti-p200 pemphigoid. Their clinical presentation is polymorphic. These autoimmune blistering diseases are associated with autoantibodies that target distinct components of the basement membrane zone of stratified epithelia. Read More
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2017 Sep-Oct;83(5):550-555
Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
Background: Subepidermal autoimmune bullous diseases are a diverse group of diseases with overlapping clinical and immunopathological features. Indirect immunofluorescence microscopy on artificially split skin helps to classify these conditions into those with staining on the epidermal side of the split ("roof-binding") and those with staining on the dermal side ("floor-binding"). Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is the prototype of "floor-binding" subepidermal autoimmune bullous diseases. Read More
Br J Dermatol 2018 Jan 14;178(1):207-214. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
Department of Dermatology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
Background: Neutrophil (polymorphonuclear) granulocytes (PMN) have been shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriasis by releasing interleukin-17 and LL37-DNA complexes via neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), webs of chromatin strands decorated with antimicrobial peptides, in psoriatic skin. Fumaderm , a fumaric acid ester (FAE) formulation consisting of different FAE salts, has been successfully used to treat psoriasis for decades. Most recently, FAE treatment was reported to inhibit NET formation in murine epidermolysis bullosa acquisita. Read More
J Cutan Med Surg 2018 Jan/Feb;22(1):22-24. Epub 2017 Jul 18.
1 Departments of Dermatology and Skin Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Background: It has been postulated that periodic acid-Schiff staining of basement membrane can predict direct immunofluorescence patterns seen in epidermolysis bullosa acquisita and bullous pemphigoid. It has also been suggested that the type of inflammatory infiltrate or presence of fraying of basal keratinocytes may differentiate these two conditions.
Objective: In this study, we aimed to confirm these observations. Read More
J Dermatol Sci 2017 Nov 30;88(2):248-250. Epub 2017 Jun 30.
Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; Lübeck Institute of Experimental Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
Skinmed 2017 1;15(3):175-180. Epub 2017 Jun 1.
Department of Dermatology, Autoimmune Bullous Diseases Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Autoimmune bullous diseases (ABDs) are uncommon but significant skin disorders with relatively high morbidity and mortality. Some surveys have been carried out to describe the spectrum of ABDs in a region, but this is the first that has focused on ABDs in elderly patients. This study was conducted to determine the clinicoepidemiologic features of ABDs in elderly patients. Read More
Br J Dermatol 2017 Dec 1;177(6):1683-1692. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Philipps-University, Marburg, D-35043, Germany.
Background: Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a rare, potentially devastating autoimmune disease of the skin. IgG autoantibodies directed against type VII collagen (Col7), the major component of anchoring fibrils, induce skin fragility leading to cutaneous and mucocutaneous blister formation, which is mostly of a scarring phenotype. Thus, powerful and reproducible diagnostic assays are critical to establish the diagnosis of EBA early to avoid irreversible sequelae. Read More
Int J STD AIDS 2017 10 1;28(12):1255-1258. Epub 2017 Mar 1.
Department of Dermatology, Topiwala National Medical College & B.Y.L. Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai, India.
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is a chronic subepidermal blistering disease associated with autoimmunity to type-VII collagen within anchoring fibrils located at the dermo-epidermal junction. This entity is rarely reported from India. It can have a variety of presentations. Read More
J Invest Dermatol 2017 Oct 30;137(10):2131-2139. Epub 2017 May 30.
Department of Physiology, Semmelweis University School of Medicine, Budapest, Hungary; MTA-SE "Lendület" Inflammation Physiology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address:
The inflammatory form of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is caused by autoantibodies against type VII collagen (C7), a component of the dermal-epidermal junction. We have previously shown that myeloid Src family kinases mediate skin inflammation triggered by anti-C7 antibodies. Here we identify the Syk tyrosine kinase as a critical component of autoantibody-induced skin inflammation downstream of Src family kinases. Read More
Am J Dermatopathol 2017 Jul;39(7):e90-e96
Departments of *Dermatology, and †Cellular Pathology, St George's University Hospital, London, United Kingdom; and ‡Department of Immunodermatology, St Thomas' Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
Brunsting-Perry pemphigoid is defined as an autoimmune vesiculobullous eruption typically localized on the head and neck region with minimal or no mucosal involvement. The disease tends to run a chronic and recurrent course with residual scarring. Histological features are characterized by subepidermal bullae and linear IgG deposits at the dermo-epidermal junction. Read More
J Cutan Pathol 2017 06 20;44(6):602-603. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
Department of Dermatology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
Br J Dermatol 2018 Feb 17;178(2):547-550. Epub 2017 Oct 17.
Dermatology Department, Saint-Louis Hospital, 1 Avenue Claude Vellefaux, 75010, Paris, France.
Orf is a DNA parapoxvirus transmitted to humans by contact with infected goats and sheep. Many complications have been reported after orf infection, including erythema multiforme. A few cases of autoimmune bullous dermatosis complicating orf disease have been reported to date. Read More
Exp Dermatol 2017 Dec 9;26(12):1179-1186. Epub 2017 May 9.
Lübeck Institute of Experimental Dermatology and Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
Pemphigoid diseases (PDs) are chronic and life-threatening autoimmune diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. PDs are characterized and caused by autoantibodies targeting components of the basement membrane. In the PD epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), the target autoantigen is type VII collagen. Read More
Exp Dermatol 2017 Sep 20;26(9):811-819. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
Department of Dermatology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume University Institute of Cutaneous Cell Biology, Kurume, Japan.
In this study, we generated a new set of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to bovine and human type VII collagen (COL7) by immunizing mice with bovine cornea-derived basement membrane zone (BMZ) fraction. The four mAbs, tentatively named as COL7-like mAbs, showed speckled subepidermal staining in addition to linear BMZ staining of normal human skin and bovine cornea, a characteristic immunofluorescence feature of COL7, but showed no reactivity with COL7 by in vitro biochemical analyses. Taking advantage of the phenomenon that COL7-like mAbs did not react with mouse BMZ, we compared immunofluorescence reactivity between wild-type and COL7-rescued humanized mice and found that COL7-like mAbs reacted with BMZ of COL7-rescued humanized mice. Read More
J Invest Dermatol 2017 May 17;137(5):1104-1113. Epub 2017 Jan 17.
Department of Dermatology, Allergy, and Venereology, University of Lübeck, 23538 Lübeck, Germany. Electronic address:
Recruitment of neutrophils and eosinophils into the skin is a hallmark of pemphigoid diseases. The molecular cues regulating granulocyte recruitment into the skin and the individual contributions of neutrophils and eosinophils to pemphigoid diseases are, however, poorly understood. The lipid mediator leukotriene B (LTB) is a potent granulocyte chemoattractant and is abundant in the skin blister fluid of bullous pemphigoid (BP) patients, but its pathogenic significance is unknown. Read More
Semin Diagn Pathol 2017 May 14;34(3):250-260. Epub 2016 Dec 14.
Section of Dermatopathology, Division of Surgical Pathology & Cytopathology, University of Virginia Medical Center, Charlottesville, VA, United States. Electronic address:
Several dermatoses are typified by the formation of spaces (blisters; bullae) within or beneath the epidermis. These may be acellular or filled with particular species of inflammatory cells. Etiological categories include infectious, immune-mediated, genetic, drug-related, and idiopathic lesions. Read More
J Am Acad Dermatol 2017 May 28;76(5):889-894.e5. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
Department of Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; Lübeck Institute of Experimental Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany. Electronic address:
Background: Serologic diagnosis of autoimmune blistering disease (AIBD) usually follows a sophisticated multistep algorithm.
Objective: We sought validation of a multivariant enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the routine diagnosis of AIBD.
Methods: The multivariant ELISA comprising 6 recombinant immunodominant forms of major AIBD target antigens, ie, desmoglein 1, desmoglein 3, envoplakin, BP180, BP230, and type VII collagen was applied in: (1) a cohort of well-characterized AIBD (n = 173) and control sera (n = 130), (2) a prospective multicenter study with 204 sera from patients with newly diagnosed AIBD with positive direct immunofluorescence microscopy, and (3) a prospective monocenter study with 292 consecutive sera from patients with clinical suspicion of AIBD in comparison with the conventional multistep diagnostic algorithm. Read More
J Invest Dermatol 2017 01;137(1):e1-e6
Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany. Electronic address:
Autoimmune blistering diseases are examples of autoantibody-mediated, organ-specific autoimmune disorders. Based on a genetic susceptibility, such as a strong HLA-class II association, as yet unknown triggering factors induce the formation of circulating and tissue-bound autoantibodies that are mainly directed against adhesion structures of the skin and mucous membranes. Compared with other autoimmune diseases, especially systemic disorders, the pathogenicity of autoimmune blistering diseases is relatively well described. Read More
Mol Med 2016 Dec 20;23. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
Lübeck Institute of Experimental Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Germany.
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a difficult-to-treat subepidermal autoimmune blistering skin disease (AIBD) with circulating and tissue-bound anti-type VII collagen antibodies. Different reports have indicated an increased concentration of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) in the serum and blister fluid of patients with subepidermal AIBDs. Furthermore, successful anti-TNF treatment has been reported for individual patients with AIBDs. Read More