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    1 OF 92

    Malignant tumours of the foot and ankle.
    EFORT Open Rev 2017 May 11;2(5):261-271. Epub 2017 May 11.
    Laboratoire d'anatomie et cytologie pathologiques, Institut Universitaire du Cancer de Toulouse- Oncopole, 1 avenue Irène Joliot-Curie. 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
    Most of tumours of the foot are tumour-like (synovial cyst, foreign body reactions and epidermal inclusion cyst) or benign conditions (tenosynovial giant cells tumours, planta fibromatosis). Malignant tumours of the soft-tissue and skeleton are very rare in the foot and their diagnosis is often delayed with referral to specialised teams after initial inappropriate procedures or unplanned excisions. The adverse effect of these misdiagnosed tumours is the increasing rate of amputation or local recurrences in the involved patients. Read More

    Keystone-designed buried de-epithelialized flap: A novel technique for obliterating small to moderately sized dead spaces.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 May;96(21):e7008
    aDepartment of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konyang University Hospital, University of Konyang College of Medicine, Myunggok Medical Research Center, Daejeon bDepartment of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea.
    Effective obliteration of dead space after reconstructive surgery facilitates a good cosmetic outcome and prevention of delayed wound healing and recurrent infection.We evaluated the efficacy of a keystone-designed buried de-epithelialized (KBD) flap for the obliteration of small to moderately sized surgical dead spaces.We reviewed the medical records of patients who received a KBD flap following removal of a mass or debridement of necrotic tissue from September 2015 to February 2016. Read More

    Cutaneous Hybrid Tumor Composed of Epidermal Cyst and Cystic Pilomatricoma: Unusual Presentation in a Child.
    Int J Trichology 2016 Oct-Dec;8(4):195-196
    Department of Pediatric Surgery, Penteli Children's Hospital, Penteli, Greece.
    We report a rare case of cutaneous hybrid tumor composed of epidermal cyst and cystic pilomatricoma that presented in an unusual way in a child. A 14-year-old teen girl presented with a skin lesion on the inner side of the left arm, approximately at the level of the elbow. The lesion was initially observed 5 months before and was continuously increasing in size during that time resembling other benign or malignant cutaneous tumors. Read More

    Giant proliferating trichilemmal cyst arising from a nevus sebaceus growing for 30 years.
    J Cutan Pathol 2017 Apr 17. Epub 2017 Apr 17.
    Department of Pathology, Dermatopathology Division, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center and Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida.
    Nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn, a congenital cutaneous hamartoma, has the potential to develop into various epidermal adnexal-origin neoplasms. While the most common neoplasms are trichoblastoma or syringocystadenoma, proliferating trichilemmal cysts are exceptionally rare. We report a case of a 63-year-old Cuban male with a giant proliferating trichilemmal cyst arising from a nevus sebaceus on the right shoulder which had been growing for 30 years. Read More

    Influence Factor in Thickness of Cyst Wall of Epidermal Cysts.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Jun;28(4):e369-e372
    *Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon †Department of Plastic Surgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.
    Purpose: An epidermal cyst is one of the most common benign tumors of the skin and its major treatment method is excision. Surgical excision is treatment of choice for epidermal cysts, but the cyst wall may be ruptured during operation, especially when the cyst wall is relatively thin. The incomplete excision of the cyst sometimes occurs because of a rupture of the cyst and incomplete excision may cause recurrence. Read More

    Sonographic classification of testicular tumors by tissue harmonic imaging: experience of 58 cases.
    J Med Ultrason (2001) 2017 Mar 20. Epub 2017 Mar 20.
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.
    Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between our proposed sonographic classification of testicular tumors by tissue harmonic imaging and histological type.

    Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 58 testicular tumors and tumor-like lesions [seminomatous germ cell tumor (SGCT): 28; non-seminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT): 16; lymphoid and hematopoietic tumor (LHT): 7; Leydig cell tumor: 1; epidermal cyst: 2; and tumor of paratesticular structure (TPS): 4]. We divided a sonographic image into six types for morphological criteria and three types for color Doppler criteria. Read More

    Trichoadenoma of Nikolowski- A Rare Tumour with Unusual Presentation Over Vulva.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Jan 1;11(1):ED05-ED06. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Shaheed Hasan Khan Mewati, Government Medical College , Nalhar, Nuh, Haryana, India .
    Trichoadenoma is a rare benign, slowly growing, cutaneous tumour of the hair follicle first described by Nikolowski in 1958. It presents as a non-specific nodule over the face or buttocks. However, unusual sites such as the neck, upper arm, thigh, shoulder, and shaft of the penis may also be affected. Read More

    Usefulness of Dermoscopy in the Differential Diagnosis of Ruptured and Unruptured Epidermal Cysts.
    Ann Dermatol 2017 Feb 3;29(1):33-38. Epub 2017 Feb 3.
    Department of Dermatology, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
    Background: An epidermal cyst is a common keratin-filled epithelial-lined cyst. The treatment of choice for epidermal cysts is surgical excision. If the cyst becomes ruptured, incision and drainage with oral antibiotic therapy or intralesional steroid injection are required. Read More

    Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Papulonodular Lesions of Skin: A Study of 50 Cases.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Dec 1;10(12):EC09-EC13. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Professor and Head of Department, Department of Pathology, JSS Medical College, JSS University , Mysuru, Karnataka, India .
    Introduction: Skin is one of the frequent site of disease in human body. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is a safe diagnostic method in these cases. FNAC has some limitation, particularly related to representativity of samples, exact typing of skin adnexal tumours and classifying the nature of metastatic cutaneous nodules. Read More

    Autologous Smashed Dermal Graft with Epidermal Re-closure: Modified Technique for Acne Scars.
    J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2016 Oct-Dec;9(4):258-262
    Department of Dermatology, Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Conventional technique of dermal grafting for acne scars where the source of filler material used is the patient's own dermis requires longer surgical time, recovery period and can result in unsightly scars at the donor area. Hence, it is not suitable for treating a larger number of scars. Furthermore, these dermal grafts are firm and cannot be contoured to fit all types of acne scars. Read More

    Intraosseous Epidermal Inclusion Cyst of the Proximal Phalanx of the Fifth Toe and Review of the Literature.
    Foot Ankle Spec 2017 Feb 1:1938640017690859. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Podiatric Medicine and Surgery, Grant Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.
    Intraosseous epidermal inclusion cysts (IEpC) are benign bone tumors that often present in the phalanges of the fingers, but rarely are seen in the lower extremity. These tumors often present following surgery, and have a similar clinical and radiographic presentation to osteomyelitis. The lack of defining characteristics makes preoperative diagnosis of these tumors very difficult. Read More

    Coexistence of intracranial epidermoid tumor and multiple cerebral aneurysms: A case report and literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Feb;96(5):e6012
    aDepartment of Neurosurgery bInstitute of Neurology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Taijiang District, Fuzhou City, China.
    Rationale: There were a few case reports concerning epidermoid tumor coexisted with multiple cerebral aneurysms. Here, we present one case of coexistence of intracranial epidermoid tumor and multiple cerebral aneurysms and performed a literature review.

    Patient Concerns: A 42 years old male patient was admitted to our institution with complaints of headache and dizziness. Read More

    The clinical, histological and immunohistochemical characteristics and nomenclature of meibomian gland ductal cysts (intratarsal keratinous cysts) and eyelid steatocystomas.
    Eye (Lond) 2017 May 13;31(5):736-740. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
    South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
    PurposeMeibomian gland ductal cysts (MGDCs) and steatocystomas are epithelial lined, keratin-containing lesions of the eyelids. MDGCs are variably called tarsal keratinous cysts, intratarsal keratinous cysts of the meibomian glands, intratarsal inclusion cysts, epidermal cysts and epidermoid cysts. Both lesions are poorly described in the literature. Read More

    Parallel microarray profiling identifies ErbB4 as a determinant of cyst growth in ADPKD and a prognostic biomarker for disease progression.
    Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2017 Apr 11;312(4):F577-F588. Epub 2017 Jan 11.
    Kidney Genetics Group, Academic Unit of Nephrology, The Medical School, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the fourth most common cause of end-stage renal disease. The disease course can be highly variable and treatment options are limited. To identify new therapeutic targets and prognostic biomarkers of disease, we conducted parallel discovery microarray profiling in normal and diseased human PKD1 cystic kidney cells. Read More

    Unsuspected Conjunctival Orbital Dermoid Cyst: Aids in Diagnosis.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Jan 5. Epub 2017 Jan 5.
    David G. Cogan Laboratory of Ophthalmic Pathology, Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
    A 25-year-old man with Type 1 diabetes mellitus experienced rapid visual decline and was scheduled for right cataract surgery. At the time of administering an inferotemporal retrobulbar block, a white discharge appeared spontaneously on the surface of the globe. Superotemporally a cyst was found and its contents were subtotally evacuated. Read More

    Epidermoid Cyst of the Sole - A Case Report.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Nov 1;10(11):PD06-PD07. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    Senior Surgeon, Department of General Surgery, St. Martha's Hospital , Bangalore, Karnataka, India .
    Epidermoid cysts are common benign subcutaneous lesion also termed as epidermal cysts. Epidermoid cyst are commonly seen in hairy regions of body like scalp, face and scrotum, can be single or multiple, but rarely can occur in glabrous skin of palm and sole. They are known to result from progressive cystic ectasia of the infundibular portion of hair follicle but the pathogenesis in palmo-plantar epidermoid cyst differs that is traumatic sequestration of epidermal elements into dermis. Read More

    Complicated skin and soft tissue infection with Mycobacterium fortuitum following excision of a sebaceous cyst in Taiwan.
    J Infect Dev Ctries 2016 Dec 30;10(12):1357-1361. Epub 2016 Dec 30.
    Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC.
    Mycobacterium fortuitum group (M. fortuitum), also known as rapidly growing Mycobacteria, can cause pyogenic infections in human beings, most commonly in immunocompromised patients. Herein, we present a 40-year-old immunocompetent male patient who underwent planned excision of a sebaceous cyst in the abdominal wall. Read More

    Thymic Epidermoid Cyst: Clinical and Imaging Manifestations of This Rare Anterior Mediastinal Mass.
    Case Rep Radiol 2016 24;2016:5789321. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    Department of Radiology, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
    Thymic epidermoid cysts are an extremely rare entity. These arise from epidermal cells that migrate to the thymus. The radiologic diagnosis of this rare lesion is challenging. Read More

    A Rare Case of Epidermoid Cyst in the Pancreatic Tail Invaginated from the Splenic Hilum: The Long-term Changes in the Imaging Findings.
    Intern Med 2016;55(24):3591-3594. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Asahikawa Medical University, Japan.
    Epidermoid cysts arising from both the pancreas and spleen are rare. We herein report a case of a surgically resected epidermoid cyst in the pancreatic tail invaginated from the spleen. A multi-locular cyst, 2 cm in diameter, without a solid component was discovered incidentally in the pancreatic tail. Read More

    Neck epidermoid cyst mimicking tuberculosis at ultrasound: Case report and review of literature.
    Turk J Pediatr 2016 ;58(1):90-93
    Department of ENT, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
    Neck masses in children can be inflammatory, congenital or neoplastic. When a congenital cyst becomes infected repeatedly, it may mimic inflammatory disease and the diagnosis may be challenging with ultrasound. An increasing incidence of infection with non-tuberculous mycobacterial organisms has been observed in recent decades in children with cervical lymphadenopathy. Read More

    Epidermoid Cyst in an Intrapancreatic Accessory Spleen: Case Report and Literature Review of the Preoperative Imaging Findings.
    Intern Med 2016;55(23):3445-3452. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Department of Gastroenterology, Okinawa Prefectural Chubu Hospital, Japan.
    An epidermoid cyst arising within an intrapancreatic accessory spleen (ECIAS) is rare, and also difficult to correctly diagnose before surgery. It is mostly misdiagnosed as a cystic tumor, such as a mucinous cystic neoplasm or as a solid tumor with cystic degeneration, such as a neuro endocrine tumor. We herein report a case of ECIAS and also perform a literature review of 35 reports of ECIAS. Read More

    Cutaneous neck lesion of occult odontogenic origin: search for the tooth.
    BMJ Case Rep 2016 Nov 21;2016. Epub 2016 Nov 21.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, Cardiff, UK.
    The differential diagnosis for inflammatory neck swellings is vast. A swelling of dental origin should be considered because, while rare, they mimic more common causes of neck lumps. We report the case involving a recurrent submandibular swelling in a young female patient that was presumed to be an epidermoid cyst by her general medical practitioner. Read More

    Two Cases of an Epidermoid Cyst Developing in an Intrapancreatic Accessory Spleen Identified during Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy.
    Intern Med 2016;55(21):3137-3141. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    Department of Internal medicine, Okayama Saiseikai General Hospital, Japan.
    Epidermoid cysts presenting within an intrapancreatic accessory spleen are rare non-neoplastic cysts typically occurring in the pancreatic tail. This entity is difficult to diagnose given there are many types of pancreatic neoplastic cysts. We herein describe two cases of an epidermoid cyst within an intrapancreatic accessory spleen for which we performed a resection by laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. Read More

    Intramedullary dermoid cyst infection mimicking holocord tumor: should radical resection be mandatory?-a case report.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2016 Nov 16;32(11):2249-2253. Epub 2016 May 16.
    Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
    Background: Dermoid cysts are benign lesions which contain epidermal and dermal elements. Dermoid cysts usually contain a dermal sinus tract but this is not mandatory. Dermoid cysts can manifest by spinal cord infection without a dermal sinus tract. Read More

    An unusual complication of nasolabial flap reconstruction.
    Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2017 Feb 28;99(2):e60-e61. Epub 2016 Oct 28.
    University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust , UK.
    Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common carcinoma in the oral cavity. Resection of these cancers often requires reconstruction. Nasolabial flaps are a robust and reliable local flap that provide a satisfactory outcome. Read More

    Squamous cell carcinoma arising from a vulval epidermal cyst.
    J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2016 Nov;42(11):1623-1626
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Diana, Princess of Wales Hospital, Grimsby, Lincolnshire, UK.
    Malignant transformation of epidermal cyst is rare, with most cases arising in the head and neck. Here, we report a case of squamous cell carcinoma arising from a longstanding epidermal cyst in the right vulva of a 65-year-old woman. The patient presented with a sudden increase in size of the cyst over 6 weeks to the size of a golf ball. Read More

    Congenital Milium of the Nipple.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2017 Jan 25;34(1):e28-e29. Epub 2016 Oct 25.
    Ambulatory Pediatric Service, Children's Hospital, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
    A 12-month-old girl presented with an asymptomatic, pearly nodule on the left nipple that had been present from birth and was currently 3 mm in diameter and growing. Assuming the diagnosis of congenital primary milium of the nipple, we took a "wait and see" approach. After 3 months, the pearl disappeared without any scarring. Read More

    [Eruptive epidermoid cysts during topical imiquimod treatment].
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 Mar 17;144(3):212-215. Epub 2016 Oct 17.
    Cabinet de dermatologie, 34, avenue d'Allemagne, 80000 Amiens, France.
    Background: Imiquimod is a local immune-response modifier that works by stimulating innate and acquired immunity. It is frequently used to treat superficial basal cell carcinoma, the most common form of skin cancer. Marked local inflammatory reaction is common during treatment. Read More

    [Congenital cysts and fistulae in children].
    Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2016 Oct 18;61(5):371-388. Epub 2016 Aug 18.
    Service de chirurgie orthopédique et plastique pédiatrique, CHRU Lapeyronie, 371, avenue du Doyen-Gaston-Giraud, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France. Electronic address:
    Cysts and fistulae of the face and neck in children are formed before birth and correspond to the persistence of embryonic remnants that occur due to coalescence defects of embryonic buds or due to epidermal inclusion. They represent the most common pathological malformation of the face and neck. They may be separated according to their location into laterocervical cysts and fistulas or median cysts and fistulas. Read More

    An elusive cause of perianal pain in a patient with Hirschsprung's disease.
    BMJ Case Rep 2016 Oct 12;2016. Epub 2016 Oct 12.
    Madras Medical College, Institute of Surgical Gastroenterology, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.
    A 23-year-old woman presented to the outpatients department with symptoms of acute onset perianal pain of 2 weeks' duration and constipation. She was a known case of Hirschsprung's disease and was operated on in infancy. Rectal examination ruled out acute fissure or perianal sepsis, and subsequent colonoscopy was normal. Read More

    Elevated ΔNp63α Levels Facilitate Epidermal and Biliary Oncogenic Transformation.
    J Invest Dermatol 2017 Feb 7;137(2):494-505. Epub 2016 Oct 7.
    Molecular Signaling and Cell Death Unit, Inflammation Research Center, VIB, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Biomedical Molecular Biology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address:
    Unlike its family member p53, TP63 is rarely mutated in human cancer. However, ΔNp63α protein levels are often elevated in tumors of epithelial origin, such as squamous cell carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. To study the oncogenic properties of ΔNp63α in vivo, we generated transgenic mice overexpressing ΔNp63α from the Rosa26 locus promoter controlled by keratin 5-Cre. Read More

    Merkel Cell Carcinoma Arising in an Epidermal Cyst.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2016 Sep 26. Epub 2016 Sep 26.
    *Department of Pathology, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain; and †Central Medical Laboratory, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain.
    Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare aggressive primary cutaneous neuroendocrine tumor. It is associated mostly with malignant skin lesions. Rare cases in the literature described its association with benign skin adnexal lesions. Read More

    A Splenic Epithelial Cyst: Increased Size, Exacerbation of Symptoms, and Elevated Levels of Serum Carcinogenic Antigen 19-9 after 6-year Follow-up.
    Intern Med 2016;55(18):2629-34. Epub 2016 Sep 15.
    Division of Endoscopy, Shizuoka Cancer Center, Japan.
    A 58-year-old man, who had presented with a large cyst between the pancreatic tail and splenic hilum 6 years previously, was referred to our hospital with exacerbation of abdominal distention. Computed tomography revealed a well-demarcated, unilocular cyst, with a beak sign for the pancreas, without wall thickening or nodules suggestive of a non-neoplastic cyst. Compared with 6 years previously, the cyst had increased in size from 14. Read More

    Subungual onycholemmal cyst of the toenail mimicking subungual melanoma.
    Cutis 2016 Aug;98(2):107-10
    Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
    This report highlights a rare case of a woman with horizontal ridging and tenderness of the right great toenail associated with dyspigmentation of 5 years' duration. Histopathology revealed a cystic structure with an epithelial lining mostly reminiscent of an isthmus-catagen cyst admixed with the presence of both an intermittent, focal granular layer and an eosinophilic cuticle surrounding pink, laminated keratin, most consistent with a diagnosis of subungual onycholemmal cyst (SOC). It is a rare and distinctive nail abnormality occurring in the dermis of the nail bed. Read More

    Unusually Giant Sublingual Epidermoid Cyst: A Case Report.
    Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2016 Jul;28(87):291-6
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Govt. Medical College, Nanded, India.
    Introduction: Epidermoid cysts are rare, slow‑growing, benign, developmental cysts, which are derived from abnormally situated ectodermal tissue. Epidermoid cysts of the floor of the mouth represent <0.01% of all oral cysts. Read More

    Prone position craniotomy in pregnancy without fetal heart rate monitoring.
    J Clin Anesth 2016 Sep 29;33:119-22. Epub 2016 Apr 29.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Lourdes Hospital, Ernakulam, Kochi, Kerala 682012, India.
    A pregnant patient in second trimester scheduled for posterior fossa craniotomy in prone position is a challenge for the anesthesiologist. Things to consider are physiological changes during pregnancy, non-obstetric surgery in pregnant patients, neuroanesthetic principles, effects of prone positioning, and need for fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring. We have described the anesthetic management of this case and discussed intra-operative FHR monitoring including controversies about its role, indications, and various options available as per fetal gestational age. Read More

    Open and endoscopic excision of calvarial dermoid and epidermoid cysts: a single center experience on 128 consecutive cases.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2016 Dec 22;32(12):2351-2356. Epub 2016 Aug 22.
    Department of Neurosurgery, New York University Langone Medical Center, 317 East 34th Street, New York, NY, 10016, USA.
    Objective: Dermoid and epidermoid cysts rank among the most common pediatric tumors. We analyzed the outcomes of surgical excision of dermal and epidermal inclusion cysts in a large consecutive series of children.

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 128 consecutive children who underwent calvarial inclusion cyst resection between 2000 and 2010 at NYU Langone Medical Center. Read More

    Extensive epidermoid cyst of the submental region.
    Autops Case Rep 2016 Apr-Jun;6(2):51-4. Epub 2016 Jun 30.
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Hospital das Clínicas - Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo/SP - Brazil .
    Epidermoid cysts are malformations that are rarely observed in the submental region. Imaging has an important role in surgical planning according to the size and location of the cyst in relation to geniohyoid and mylohyoid muscles. This article reports the case of a 15-year-old female patient complaining of submental swelling. Read More

    Malignant transformation of a residual cerebellopontine angle epidermoid cyst.
    J Clin Neurosci 2016 Nov 9;33:59-62. Epub 2016 Aug 9.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Hadassah University Medical Center, P.O. Box 12000, Jerusalem 91120, Israel. Electronic address:
    Malignant transformation is a rare but devastating complication following partial resection of an intracranial epidermoid cyst (EC). Time to malignant transformation is highly variable and optimal management is unclear. A literature search from 1965 to January 2016 identified manuscripts discussing clinical presentation, management, and outcome of malignant transformation of a remnant intracranial EC. Read More

    Nodulocystic Basal Cell Carcinoma Arising Directly from a Seborrheic Keratosis: A Rare Case Report.
    Indian J Dermatol 2016 Jul-Aug;61(4):443-5
    Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
    Seborrheic keratoses (SKs) are common epidermal tumors composed of benign keratinocytes. Malignant skin tumors including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) rarely arise within SKs. We report a rare case of an 82-year-old man with nodulocystic BCC that appeared at the center of a scaly hyperpigmented SK that had been presented for more than 10 years. Read More

    Laparoscopic Partial Splenectomy: A Preferred Method for Select Patients.
    J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2016 Dec 28;26(12):1010-1014. Epub 2016 Jul 28.
    Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The First People's Hospital of Changzhou, The Third Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University , Changzhou, China .
    Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) using a harmonic scalpel (HS) combined with bipolar coagulation.

    Materials And Methods: Using HS and bipolar coagulation technology, 18 patients suffering from splenic cystic neoplasm were treated with LPS between January 2010 and December 2014, and their clinical data were analyzed retrospectively.

    Results: LPS was performed successfully without conversion to open surgery in all cases. Read More

    Penile Epidermal Cyst: A Case Report.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 May 1;10(5):PD05-6. Epub 2016 May 1.
    Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth , Pondicherry, India .
    Epidermal cysts also known as epidermoid cysts, is one of the common benign tumours presenting anywhere in the body. However, epidermal cyst in the penis is very rare. This condition in children is usually congenital due to abnormal embryologic closure of the median raphe; hence, it is termed as median raphe cysts (MRCs). Read More

    Aggressive papillary adenocarcinoma on atypical localization: A unique case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Jul;95(28):e4110
    aDepartment of Pathology, Mengucek Gazi Education and Research Hospital, Erzincan University bDepartment of Pathology, Evliya Celebi Education and Research Hospital, Dumlupinar University, Kutahya cDepartment of General Surgery, Mengucek Gazi Education and Research Hospital, Erzincan University, Turkey.
    Introduction: Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma (ADPA) is a rare sweat gland tumor that is found on the fingers, toes, and the digits. To date, <100 cases have been reported in the literature. Apart from 1 case reported in the thigh, all of them were on digital or nondigital acral skin. Read More

    A Ruptured Digital Epidermal Inclusion Cyst: A Sinister Presentation.
    Case Rep Orthop 2016 22;2016:9035246. Epub 2016 Jun 22.
    Orthopaedic Department, Tauranga Hospital, Cameron Road, Tauranga, Bay of Plenty 3112, New Zealand.
    Epidermal inclusion cysts are benign cutaneous lesions caused by dermal or subdermal implantation and proliferation of epidermal squamous epithelium as a result of trauma or surgery. They are typically located on the scalp, face, trunk, neck, or back; however they can be found anywhere on the body. Lesions are asymptomatic unless complicated by rupture, malignant transformation to squamous cell carcinoma, or infection at which point they can clinically appear as more sinister pathologies. Read More

    Lateral Orbital Wall Destruction Due to Pilonidal Sinus.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Jul;27(5):e461-2
    *Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Konya Numune State Hospital†Department of Pathology, Meram Faculty of Medicine, N.E. University‡Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Faculty of Selcuk, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.
    Pilonidal sinus is a chronic inflammatory disease commonly observed in the sacrococcygeal region. The authors report a patient of a pilonidal sinus in a rare location-the lateral orbital region. The authors' patient was misdiagnosed with an epidermal cyst, and the subsequent incomplete excision of the sinus tract led a pilonidal sinus with a high morbidity resulting in the destruction of bone tissue in the lateral orbital wall. Read More

    An unusual occurrence of multiple epidermoid cysts in both sides of buccal mucosa: A unique and rare first case report.
    Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2015 Jul-Dec;6(2):244-6
    Department of Pathology, Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Intraoral epidermoid cyst of buccal mucosa is generally an uncommon entity. Epidermal inclusion cyst refers sequestration of epidermal elements into the dermal and deeper tissue during the fetal period in line of fusion of embryonic process or acquired due to implantation of the epithelium due to trauma or surgery. It usually presents as slow growing asymptomatic cysts but may be symptomatic due to large size, interfering with mastication and speech or secondary infection. Read More

    Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans of the scalp, with fibrosarcomatous areas masquerading as epidermal inclusion cyst.
    BMJ Case Rep 2016 Jul 7;2016. Epub 2016 Jul 7.
    Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India.
    Lesions on the scalp are frequently encountered in clinical practice. Commonly diagnosed lesions include epidermal inclusion cysts (EICs), dermoid cysts and lipomas. Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a low-grade malignant skin tumour occurring mostly in the extremities. Read More

    [Rare giant retroauricular epidermoid cyst: a case report].
    Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2016 Mar;30(5):409-10
    Epidermnoid cysts are henign, cutaneous cysts which commonly occur on face, neck and trunk. Retroauricular epidermoid cyst is rare reported which should be differentiated from auricle pseudocyst, lipoma, steatocystoma and fibroma. The hitopathological examination is a gold standard of diagnosis. Read More

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