6,058 results match your criteria Epidemiology and Infection[Journal]


Developing a risk management framework to improve public health outcomes by enumerating Salmonella in ground turkey.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Environmental Health Sciences,School of Public Health,University of Minnesota,Saint Paul,USA.

Salmonella spp. continue to be a leading cause of foodborne morbidity worldwide. To assess the risk of foodborne disease, current national regulatory schemes focus on prevalence estimates of Salmonella and other pathogens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095026881800328XDOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

The association between seasonal influenza-like illness cases and foetal death: a time series analysis.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 3:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Section of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health,University of Copenhagen,Copenhagen,Denmark.

It has been reported that foetal death follows a seasonal pattern. Influenza virus infection has been postulated as one possible contributor to this seasonal variation. This ecological study explored the temporal association between the influenza activity and the frequency of foetal death. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003254DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

Dynamic transmission model of routine mumps vaccination in Japan.

Authors:
Taito Kitano

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 3:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit,Nara Prefecture General Medical Center,Nara,Japan.

The mumps vaccine is not included in the national immunisation programme (NIP) of approximately 80 countries including Japan. To investigate the vaccine's cost-effectiveness, we developed a dynamic transmission model for routine one- and two-dose mumps vaccination programs in Japan. We calculated the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio compared with a current programme over a projected 50-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003230DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Apparent absence of Giardia infections among children under 5-years of age with acute watery diarrhoea in Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 3:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Parasitology, Department of Food Safety and Infection Biology,Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences,PO Box 369 Sentrum, 0102 Oslo,Norway.

Although the impact of diarrhoeal disease on paediatric health in Nigeria has decreased in recent years, it remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years. Rotavirus is recognised as an important aetiological agent, but information on the contribution of intestinal protozoa to watery diarrhoea in this age group in Nigeria is scarce. In this cross-sectional study, faecal samples from children admitted to healthcare centres in Abakaliki, Nigeria with acute watery diarrhoea (N = 199) and faecal samples from age-matched controls (N = 37) were examined for Cryptosporidium and Giardia using immunofluorescent antibody testing and molecular methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003151DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and herpes simplex virus in Beijing, China.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 3:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Infection Control,Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical Sciences,Beijing,China.

The prevalence of sexually transmitted infection (STI) pathogens in Beijing, China, is rarely reported. In this study, 34 911 symptomatic outpatients with suspected genital infections who attended outpatient clinics in a tertiary care hospital were included to investigate the updated prevalence of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2016 in Beijing, China. Results indicated that a decrease trend (UU, CT, NG and HSV) in male and an increase trend (UU, CT and NG) in female were observed during the period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003163DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

An outbreak of norovirus infection caused by ice cubes and a leaking air ventilation valve.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 3:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Infectious Diseases Control Unit,City of Tampere,Finland.

A gastrointestinal outbreak was reported among 154 diners who attended a Christmas buffet on the 9 and 10 December 2016. A retrospective cohort study was undertaken. Faecal samples, water, ice and an air ventilation device were tested for indicators and routine pathogens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095026881800314XDOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Travel-associated Legionnaires' disease: would changing cluster definition lead to the prevention of a larger number of cases?

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 3:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Biolinea Int.,Palma de Mallorca,Spain.

According to European Guidelines for Legionnaires' Disease prevention and control, travel-associated Legionnaires' disease (TALD) cases are managed differently if classified as sporadic or as part of a cluster and more stringent control measures are deployed after clusters are identified. In this study, we propose to modify the current cluster definition: 'two or more cases of Legionnaires' disease (LD) who stayed at, or visited, the same commercial accommodation site 2-10 days before onset of illness and whose onset is within the same 2-year period' with a new cluster definition, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003266DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

First Cryptosporidium outbreak in Hungary, linked to a treated recreational water venue in 2015.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 3:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Cryptosporidium Reference Unit, Public Health Wales Microbiology and Health Protection, Singleton Hospital,Swansea,UK.

In June 2015, an outbreak of cryptosporidiosis with 35 cases (23 probable and 12 laboratory-confirmed) occurred among 191 attendees of a residential rehabilitation holiday for paediatric organ transplant patients (n = 49) and their families at a hotel in Somogy county, Hungary. The overall attack rate was 18%. Most of the cases were transplanted children who experienced severe acute disease and required adjustment to their tacrolimus immunosuppression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003138DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Self-reported risk factors for having Escherichia coli sequence type 131 or its H30 subclone among US Veterans with a clinical E. coli isolate.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 3:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Minneapolis Veterans Health Care System,Minneapolis, Minnesota,USA.

Among 469 US military veterans with an Escherichia coli clinical isolate (2012-2013), we explored healthcare and non-healthcare risk factors for having E. coli sequence type 131 and its H30 subclone (ST131-H30). Overall, 66 (14%) isolates were ST131; 51 (77%) of these were ST131-H30. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003114DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Sexual risk behaviour in a cohort of HIV-negative and HIV-positive Rwandan women.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 3:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pharmacology,University of Gothenburg,Gothenburg,Sweden.

Here we wanted to assess whether sexual risk behaviour differs dependent by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status by following 100 HIV- and 137 HIV+ women recruited at two university teaching hospitals in Rwanda. Women were tested for sexually transmitted infections (STIs; trichomoniasis, syphilis, hepatitis B and C) and for reproductive tract infections (RTIs; candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis (BV)) and were interviewed at baseline and 9 months later. BV was the most prevalent infection, while syphilis was the most common STI with a 9-month incidence of 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003023DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

La Crosse virus: a scoping review of the global evidence.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 5:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Public Health Risk Sciences Division, National Microbiology Laboratory,Public Health Agency of Canada,Guelph, ON,Canada.

Urbanisation and climate change are altering the pattern of California serogroup viruses in North America. As La Crosse virus (LACV) is the most pathogenic of the California serogroup, it is important to identify changes in distribution, transmission and pathogenesis. A scoping review (ScR) was prioritised to summarise the global evidence on LACV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003096DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Association between Rift Valley fever virus seroprevalences in livestock and humans and their respective intra-cluster correlation coefficients, Tana River County, Kenya.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 5:1-9. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

International Livestock Research Institute,Nairobi,Kenya.

We implemented a cross-sectional study in Tana River County, Kenya, a Rift Valley fever (RVF)-endemic area, to quantify the strength of association between RVF virus (RVFv) seroprevalences in livestock and humans, and their respective intra-cluster correlation coefficients (ICCs). The study involved 1932 livestock from 152 households and 552 humans from 170 households. Serum samples were collected and screened for anti-RVFv immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies using inhibition IgG enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003242DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Deviating from IDSA treatment guidelines for non-purulent skin infections increases the risk of treatment failure in emergency department patients.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 5:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Quantitative Health Sciences,University of Massachusetts Medical School,Worcester, MA,USA.

The Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) publishes guidelines regularly for the management of skin and soft tissue infections; however, the extent to which practice patterns follow these guidelines and if this can affect treatment failure rates is unknown. We observed the treatment failure rates from a multicentre retrospective ambulatory cohort of adult emergency department patients treated for a non-purulent skin infection. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine the role of IDSA classification and whether adherence to IDSA guidelines reduced treatment failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003291DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Post-exposure prophylaxis vaccination rate and risk factors of human rabies in mainland China: a meta-analysis.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 4:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics,School of Public Health, Southeast University,Nanjing (210009),China.

Rabies is one of the major public health problems in China, and the mortality rate of rabies remains the highest among all notifiable infectious diseases. A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) vaccination rate and risk factors for human rabies in mainland China. The PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical and Wanfang databases were searched for articles on rabies vaccination status (published between 2007 and 2017). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003175DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

The use of capture-recapture methods to provide better estimates of the burden of norovirus outbreaks from seafood in England, 2004-2011.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 4:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Farr Institute @ HeRC, Block F -floor 2,Waterhouse Building,University of Liverpool,Liverpool, L69 3GL,UK.

Norovirus (NoV) is the greatest cause of infectious intestinal disease in the UK. The burden associated with foodborne outbreaks is underestimated in part because data are dispersed across different organisations. Each looks at outbreaks through a different lens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003217DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Active and passive surveillance for bat lyssaviruses in Italy revealed serological evidence for their circulation in three bat species.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Dec 4:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

FAO and National Reference Centre for Rabies, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie,Viale dell'Università 10, Legnaro (PD),Italy.

The wide geographical distribution and genetic diversity of bat-associated lyssaviruses (LYSVs) across Europe suggest that similar viruses may also be harboured in Italian insectivorous bats. Indeed, bats were first included within the passive national surveillance programme for rabies in wildlife in the 1980s, while active surveillance has been performed since 2008. The active surveillance strategies implemented allowed us to detect neutralizing antibodies directed towards European bat 1 lyssavirus in six out of the nine maternity colonies object of the study across the whole country. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003072DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Epidemiology & Infection goes open access.

Epidemiol Infect 2019 Jan 28;147:e1. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Cambridge University Press,Cambridge,UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003047DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Global spatial assessment of Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus: a scenario of Zika virus exposure.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 26:1-11. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Laboratorio de Ecología, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas Animales,Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile,Santiago,Chile.

Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arbovirus transmitted mainly by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Recent scientific evidence on Culex quinquefasciatus has suggested its potential as a vector for ZIKV, which may change the current risk zones. We aimed to quantify the world population potentially exposed to ZIKV in a spatially explicit way, considering the primary vector (A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003102DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Epidemiological survey and sequence information analysis of swine hepatitis E virus in Sichuan, China.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 19:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Veterinary Medicine College, Sichuan Agricultural University,Chengdu, Sichuan Province,China.

Hepatitis E is an important zoonosis that is prevalent in China. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a pathogen that affects humans and animals and endangers public health in China. In this study, the detection of HEV epidemics in swine in Sichuan Province, China, was carried out by nested real-time PCR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002893DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Geospatial cluster analyses of pneumonia-associated hospitalisations among adults in New York City, 2010-2014.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 19:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Epidemiology,Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Medical Center,New York City,USA.

Pneumonia is a leading cause of death in New York City (NYC). We identified spatial clusters of pneumonia-associated hospitalisation for persons residing in NYC, aged ⩾18 years during 2010-2014. We detected pneumonia-associated hospitalisations using an all-payer inpatient dataset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003060DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Meteorological factors and its association with hand, foot and mouth disease in Southeast and East Asia areas: a meta-analysis.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 19:1-18. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics,School of Public Health, Southeast University,Nanjing (210009),China.

Since the late 1990s, hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has become a common health problem that mostly affects children and infants in Southeast and East Asia. Global climate change is considered to be one of the major risk factors for HFMD. This study aimed to assess the correlation between meteorological factors and HFMD in the Asia-Pacific region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003035DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads
2.535 Impact Factor

Trends in and correlations between antibiotic consumption and resistance of Staphylococcus aureus at a tertiary hospital in China before and after introduction of an antimicrobial stewardship programme.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 16:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Pharmacy,The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710061,China.

The overuse of antibiotics and the rapid emergence of antibiotic resistance prompted the launch of an antimicrobial stewardship programme in 2011. This study aimed to investigate the trends and correlations between antibiotic consumption and resistance of Staphylococcus aureus in a tertiary hospital of northwest China from 2010 to 2016. Trends were analysed by linear regression, and correlations were assessed by an autoregressive integrated moving average model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003059DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Comments on letter to the editor by Faniyan et al. in response to Imported leishmaniasis in Sweden 1993-2016.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 16. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Unit for Parasitology and Waterborne Diseases,Public Health Agency of Sweden,Solna,Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002959DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Parasitic infections in relation to practices and knowledge in a rural village in Northern Thailand with emphasis on fish-borne trematode infection.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 15:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Section of Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, Department of Biology, Healthcare and the Environment,University of Barcelona,Barcelona,Spain.

The present study integrates several aspects of a parasitological survey in a rural community village combining community knowledge of parasites, their potential transmission routes and health risk factors. A rural community located in Northern Thailand was surveyed for intestinal parasites, and an overall prevalence of 45.2% for helminths and 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002996DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

The role of domestic reservoirs in domestically acquired Salmonella infections in Norway: epidemiology of salmonellosis, 2000-2015, and results of a national prospective case-control study, 2010-2012.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 15:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Zoonotic, Food- and Waterborne infections,Norwegian Institute of Public Health,Oslo,Norway.

In Norway, incidence of sporadic domestically acquired salmonellosis is low, and most frequently due to Salmonalla Typhimurium. We investigated the risk factors for sporadic Salmonella infections in Norway to improve control and prevention measures. Surveillance data for all Salmonella infections from 2000 to 2015 were analysed for seasonality and proportion associated with domestic reservoirs, hedgehogs and wild birds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002911DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Diarrhoea, enteric pathogen detection and nutritional indicators among controls in the Global Enteric Multicenter Study, Kenya site: an opportunity to understand reference populations in case-control studies of diarrhoea.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 15:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),Atlanta, GA,USA.

Given the challenges in accurately identifying unexposed controls in case-control studies of diarrhoea, we examined diarrhoea incidence, subclinical enteric infections and growth stunting within a reference population in the Global Enteric Multicenter Study, Kenya site. Within 'control' children (0-59 months old without diarrhoea in the 7 days before enrolment, n = 2384), we examined surveys at enrolment and 60-day follow-up, stool at enrolment and a 14-day post-enrolment memory aid for diarrhoea incidence. At enrolment, 19% of controls had ⩾1 enteric pathogen associated with moderate-to-severe diarrhoea ('MSD pathogens') in stool; following enrolment, many reported diarrhoea (27% in 7 days, 39% in 14 days). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002972DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Human rabies control in Lebanon: a call for action.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 15:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Internal Medicine,Division of Infectious Diseases, American University of Beirut Medical Center,Beirut,Lebanon.

The status of rabies as a neglected disease has made its eradication rather challenging in different parts of the world despite the availability of a successful vaccine. Lebanon, in particular, is a country endemic to the disease with several cases of rabies deaths reported over the past 30 years. The risk of rabies, however, has taken a new turn over the past few years in Lebanon with two emerging situations that have made the control of the disease rather challenging: the neighbouring Syrian war and the local garbage crisis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095026881800300XDOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Evolution of incidence and geographical distribution of Chagas disease in Mexico during a decade (2007-2016).

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 13:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Hospital Juárez de México,Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional 5160, Zacatenco, Gustavo A. Madero, 07360, México City,Mexico.

Chagas disease, whose aetiological agent is the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, mainly occurs in Latin America. In order to know the epidemiology and the geographical distribution of this disease in Mexico, the present work analyses the national surveillance data (10 years) for Chagas disease issued by the General Directorate of Epidemiology (GDE). An ecological analysis of Chagas disease (2007-2016) was performed in the annual reports issued by the GDE in Mexico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002984DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Human papillomaviruses 16 and 58 are distributed widely among women living in Shanghai, China, with high-grade, squamous intraepithelial lesions.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 13:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,Minhang Hospital, Fudan University,170 Xinsong Road, Minhang District, Shanghai 201199,P.R. China.

The distribution of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) must be understood for the control and prevention of cervical cancer. Community-based Papanicolaou and HPV DNA tests were performed on 41 578 women. The prevalences of HPV genotypes 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66 and 68 were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818003011DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Association between rs12252 and influenza susceptibility and severity: an updated meta-analysis.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 13:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention,Collaboration Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases,Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Key Laboratory for Medical Virology,National Health and Family Planning Commission,Beijing 102206,P.R. China.

In several lately published studies, the association between single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, rs12252) of IFITM3 and the risk of influenza is inconsistent. To further understand the association between the SNP of IFITM3 and the risk of influenza, we searched related studies in five databases including PubMed published earlier than 9 November 2017. Ten sets of data from nine studies were included and data were analysed by Revman 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002832DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

How differing methods of ascribing ethnicity and socio-economic status affect risk estimates for hospitalisation with infectious disease.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 13:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Growing Up in New Zealand,Centre for Longitudinal Research, University of Auckland,Private Bag 92019, Auckland,New Zealand.

Significant ethnic and socio-economic disparities exist in infectious diseases (IDs) rates in New Zealand, so accurate measures of these characteristics are required. This study compared methods of ascribing ethnicity and socio-economic status. Children in the Growing Up in New Zealand longitudinal cohort were ascribed to self-prioritised, total response and single-combined ethnic groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002935DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Trends in incidence and mortality of tuberculosis in Japan: a population-based study, 1997-2016.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 9:1-10. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Pharmaceutical Biomedicine,Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences,Okayama University, 1-1-1 Tsushima-Naka, Kita-ku, Okayama, 7008530,Japan.

Japan is still a medium-burden tuberculosis (TB) country. We aimed to examine trends in newly notified active TB incidence and TB-related mortality in the last two decades in Japan. This is a population-based study using Japanese Vital Statistics and Japan Tuberculosis Surveillance from 1997 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095026881800290XDOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Childhood infections and common carotid intima media thickness in adolescence.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 8:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Public Health,Institute of Tropical Medicine,Antwerp,Belgium.

Atherosclerotic changes can be measured as changes in common carotid intima media thickness (CIMT). It is hypothesised that repeated infection-associated inflammatory responses in childhood contribute to the atherosclerotic process. We set out to determine whether the frequency of infectious diseases in childhood is associated with CIMT in adolescence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095026881800287XDOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Human toxoplasmosis: a systematic review for genetic diversity of Toxoplasma gondii in clinical samples.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 5:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences,Mazandaran, Sari,Iran.

Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) as an obligate intracellular protozoan with a worldwide distribution can infect virtually all warm-blooded animals and humans. This study aims to provide a summary of the available data on genotypes of T. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002947DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Prevalence of comorbidities in cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: a retrospective study.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 5:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy,College of Pharmacy, King Saud University,22452 Riyadh 11495,Saudi Arabia.

The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a life-threatening respiratory disease with a high case fatality rate; however, its risk factors remain unclear. We aimed to explore the influence of demographic factors, clinical manifestations and underlying comorbidities on mortality in MERS-CoV patients. Retrospective chart reviews were performed to identify all laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-COV infection in Saudi Arabia that were reported to the Ministry of Health of Saudi Arabia between 23 April 2014 and 7 June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002923DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Reconstruction and prediction of viral disease epidemics.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Nov 5:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases and Center of Bioinformatics, Biostatistics and Integrative Biology, Institut Pasteur,Paris,France.

A growing number of infectious pathogens are spreading among geographic regions. Some pathogens that were previously not considered to pose a general threat to human health have emerged at regional and global scales, such as Zika and Ebola Virus Disease. Other pathogens, such as yellow fever virus, were previously thought to be under control but have recently re-emerged, causing new challenges to public health organisations. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002881DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Bayesian spatial and spatio-temporal approaches to modelling dengue fever: a systematic review.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 29:1-14. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

ARC Centre of Excellence for Mathematical and Statistical Frontiers, Queensland University of Technology,Brisbane,Australia.

Dengue fever (DF) is one of the world's most disabling mosquito-borne diseases, with a variety of approaches available to model its spatial and temporal dynamics. This paper aims to identify and compare the different spatial and spatio-temporal Bayesian modelling methods that have been applied to DF and examine influential covariates that have been reportedly associated with the risk of DF. A systematic search was performed in December 2017, using Web of Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect, PubMed, ProQuest and Medline (via Ebscohost) electronic databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002807DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Risk factors spatial-temporal detection for dengue fever in Guangzhou.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 26:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control,Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Beijing,China.

Dengue fever (DF) has been a growing public-health concern in China since its emergence in Guangdong Province in 1978. Of all the regions that have experienced dengue outbreaks in mainland China, the city of Guangzhou is the most affected. This study aims to investigate the potential risk factors for dengue virus (DENV) transmission in Guangzhou, China, from 2006 to 2014. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002820DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads
2.540 Impact Factor

An 8-year point-prevalence surveillance of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in a tertiary care teaching hospital in China.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 25:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Hospital Infection Prevention and Control,The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University,Hefei 230601, Anhui,China.

Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a major worldwide public-health problem, but less data are available on the long-term trends of HAIs and antimicrobial use in Eastern China. This study describes the prevalence and long-term trends of HAIs and antimicrobial use in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Hefei, Anhui, China from 2010 to 2017 based on annual point-prevalence surveys. A total of 12 505 inpatients were included; 600 HAIs were recorded in 533 patients, with an overall prevalence of 4. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002856DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

The incidence of symptomatic infection with influenza virus in the Netherlands 2011/2012 through 2016/2017, estimated using Bayesian evidence synthesis.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 23:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM),PO Box 1,3720 BA Bilthoven,Netherlands.

Due to differences in the circulation of influenza viruses, distribution and antigenic drift of A subtypes and B lineages, and susceptibility to infection in the population, the incidence of symptomatic influenza infection can vary widely between seasons and age-groups. Our goal was to estimate the symptomatic infection incidence in the Netherlands for the six seasons 2011/2012 through 2016/2017, using Bayesian evidence synthesis methodology to combine season-specific sentinel surveillance data on influenza-like illness (ILI), virus detections in sampled ILI cases and data on healthcare-seeking behaviour. Estimated age-aggregated incidence was 6. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095026881800273XDOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Simulation of Legionnaires' disease prospective spatiotemporal cluster detection, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 18:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene,Bureau of Communicable Disease,Queens, New York,USA.

Legionnaires' disease (LD) incidence in the USA has quadrupled since 2000. Health departments must detect LD outbreaks quickly to identify and remediate sources. We tested the performance of a system to prospectively detect simulated LD outbreaks in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002789DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Public health investigation and response to a hepatitis A outbreak from imported scallops consumed raw-Hawaii, 2016.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 17:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Disease Outbreak Control Division,Hawaii State Department of Health,Honolulu, HI,USA.

During the summer of 2016, the Hawaii Department of Health responded to the second-largest domestic foodborne hepatitis A virus (HAV) outbreak in the post-vaccine era. The epidemiological investigation included case finding and investigation, sequencing of RNA positive clinical specimens, product trace-back and virologic testing and sequencing of HAV RNA from the product. Additionally, an online survey open to all Hawaii residents was conducted to estimate baseline commercial food consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002844DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Assessing the relationship between epidemic growth scaling and epidemic size: The 2014-16 Ebola epidemic in West Africa.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 15:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Population Health Sciences,School of Public Health, Georgia State University,Atlanta, GA,USA.

We assess the relationship between epidemic size and the scaling of epidemic growth of Ebola epidemics at the level of administrative areas during the 2014-16 Ebola epidemic in West Africa. For this purpose, we quantify growth scaling parameters from the ascending phase of Ebola outbreaks comprising at least 7 weeks of epidemic growth. We then study how these parameters are associated with observed epidemic sizes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002819DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Declining hepatitis E virus antibody prevalence in Phnom Penh, Cambodia during 1996-2017.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Virology Unit, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge,Phnom Penh,Cambodia.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is endemic in Cambodia. However, little relevant data were available and there is no clue if HEV is an emerging or decreasing pathogen in that setting. The aim of our study was to describe temporal trends of anti-HEV IgG and IgM prevalences during the last two decades (1996-2017) in the context of population growth and urbanisation in Cambodia. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002790DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Analysis of spatial-temporal distribution and influencing factors of pulmonary tuberculosis in China, during 2008-2015.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 10:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

School of Science, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications,Beijing 100876,China.

At present, the number of people with tuberculosis in China is second only to India and ranks second in the world. Under such a severe case of tuberculosis in China, prevention and control of pulmonary tuberculosis are urgently needed. This study aimed to study the temporal and geographical relevance of the pathogenesis of pulmonary tuberculosis and the factors affecting the incidence of tuberculosis. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002765DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Bovine tuberculosis in working foxhounds: lessons learned from a complex public health investigation.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 9:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Public Health England South East,Chilton, OX11 0RE,UK.

In 2017, Public Health England South East Health Protection Team (HPT) were involved in the management of an outbreak of Mycobacterium bovis (the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis) in a pack of working foxhounds. This paper summarises the actions taken by the team in managing the public health aspects of the outbreak, and lessons learned to improve the management of future potential outbreaks. A literature search was conducted to identify relevant publications on M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002753DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

The tip of the iceberg: incompleteness of measles reporting during a large outbreak in The Netherlands in 2013-2014.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 9:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Centre for Infectious Disease Control, Netherlands Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM),Bilthoven,The Netherlands.

Measles is a notifiable disease, but not everyone infected seeks care, nor is every consultation reported. We estimated the completeness of reporting during a measles outbreak in The Netherlands in 2013-2014. Children below 15 years of age in a low vaccination coverage community (n = 3422) received a questionnaire to identify measles cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002698DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Multilocus sequencing-based evolutionary analysis of 52 strains of Burkholderia pseudomallei in Hainan, China.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 8:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Clinical Microbiology and Immunology of College of Medical Laboratory Science,Third Military Medical University,Chongqing, 400038,China.

Previously, we reported a phylogenetic study of 98 Burkholderia pseudomallei clinical isolates from Hainan, China. Here, we update the B. pseudomallei strain library with 52 strains from newly identified cases dating from 2014 to 2017, analysed by multilocus sequence typing. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002741DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

New product, old problem(s): multistate outbreak of Salmonella Paratyphi B variant L(+) tartrate(+) infections linked to raw sprouted nut butters, October 2015.

Epidemiol Infect 2018 Oct 8:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Atlanta,Georgia,USA.

A cluster of Salmonella Paratyphi B variant L(+) tartrate(+) infections with indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns was detected in October 2015. Interviews initially identified nut butters, kale, kombucha, chia seeds and nutrition bars as common exposures. Epidemiologic, environmental and traceback investigations were conducted. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S095026881
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268818002716DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads