11,175 results match your criteria Epidemiologia & Prevenzione [Journal]


Association between high levels of inflammatory markers and cognitive outcomes at 4 years of age: The Rhea mother-child cohort study, Crete, Greece.

Cytokine 2019 Feb 14;117:1-7. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece; Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.

There is growing evidence associating inflammatory markers in complex, higher order neurological functions, such as cognition and memory. We examined whether high levels of various inflammatory markers are associated with cognitive outcomes at 4 years of age in a mother-child cohort in Crete, Greece (Rhea study). We included 642 children in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2019.01.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder: Associated perinatal factors and quality of life.

J Affect Disord 2019 Feb 10;249:143-150. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Health Sciencies, University of Jaen, Jaen, Spain; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Background: The relationship between obstetric variables and postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and its influence on quality of life (QoL), have scarcely been studied.

Objective: Determine the prevalence of PTSD at postpartum weeks 4 and 6, and its relation with perinatal variables and quality of life METHOD: A cross-sectional study with 2990 Spanish puerperal women in Spain. Data were collected on socio-demographic and obstetric variables, and on newborns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.01.042DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in child population. A study of a cohort in Castile and Leon, Spain.

Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Dirección General de Salud Pública, Consejería de Sanidad, Junta de Castilla y León, Valladolid, España.

Introduction: Several studies warn that overweight and obesity have become an epidemic with severe consequences in the population's health. The objetive of the present study is to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Castile and Leon in a sample of children at 6, 11 and 14 years of age, to describe its evolution and its association with life habits and antecedents.

Material And Methods: Observational study, retrospective cohort, performed by the pediatricians of the Health Sentinel Network. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.endinu.2018.10.004DOI Listing
February 2019

General and abdominal adiposity and the risk of Parkinson's disease: A prospective cohort study.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Germany. Electronic address:

Introduction: Due to demographic change, an increase in the frequency of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients is expected in the future and, thus, the identification of modifiable risk factors is urgently needed. We aimed to examine the associations of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) with incident PD.

Methods: In 13 of the 23 centers of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study, a total of 734 incident cases of PD were identified between 1992 and 2012 with a mean follow-up of 12 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2019.01.019DOI Listing
February 2019

[Use of off-label drugs in neonatal intensive care].

An Pediatr (Barc) 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Unidad de Epidemiología Clínica y Bioestadística, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña (CHUAC)-Instituto de Investigación Biomédica A Coruña (INIBIC) Sergas, A Coruña, España.

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of non-approved prescriptions (off-label and unlicensed) in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), and to describe factors of the neonate associated with its use.

Materials And Methods: Observational prospective study in a level III NICU during a 6-month period. Every prescription was analysed using the summary of product characteristics as a reference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anpedi.2018.12.015DOI Listing
February 2019

Interventions for the control of Aedes aegypti in Latin America and the Caribbean: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Trop Med Int Health 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria, Centro de Investigación de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Argentina.

Objective: To determine the effectiveness and degree of implementation of interventions for the control of Aedes aegypti in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) as reported in scientific literature.

Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, SOCINDEX and LILACS, for experimental and observational studies, economic assessments and qualitative experiences carried out in LAC from 2000 to 2016. We assessed incidence and morbimortality of Aedes aegypti-related diseases and entomological indices: Breteau (containers), House, and Pupae per Person. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13217DOI Listing
February 2019

Common Polygenic Variations for Psychiatric Disorders and Cognition in Relation to Brain Morphology in the General Pediatric Population.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019 Jan 9. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Objective: To examine the relationship between polygenic scores (PGS) for five major psychiatric disorders and two cognitive traits with brain MRI morphological measurements in a large population-based sample of children. Additionally, we tested whether differences in brain morphology mediated associations between PGS for psychiatric disorders and related behavioral phenotypes.

Method: The participants included 1,139 children from the Generation R Study assessed at 10 years-of-age with genotype and neuroimaging data available. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08908567193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2018.09.443DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Abdominal trauma: experience of 4961 cases in Western Mexico.

Cir Cir 2019 ;87(2):183-189

Servicio de Cirugía Medicina Legal, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara Fray Antonio Alcalde, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.

Introduction: Trauma is a leading cause of morbimortality in the world. Intraabdominal compartment is the third most affected anatomical region and bleeding from this origin is difficult to identify, therefore the importance to predict possible lesions to the abdominal cavity.

Objective: To describe and analyze the sociodemographic profile and injuries found in patients with abdominal trauma in a western hospital in Mexico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/CIRU.18000509DOI Listing
January 2019

Estimating age-dependent survival when juveniles resemble females: Invasive ring-necked parakeets as an example.

Ecol Evol 2019 Jan 5;9(2):891-898. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Animal Demography and Ecology Group IMEDEA, CSIC-UIB Esporles Spain.

Many species only show sexual dimorphism at the age of maturity, such that juveniles typically resemble females. Under these circumstances, estimating accurate age-specific demographic parameters is challenging. Here, we propose a multievent model parameterization able to estimate age-dependent survival using capture-recapture data with uncertainty in age and sex assignment of individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4366DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6362439PMC
January 2019

Newborn DNA-methylation, childhood lung function, and the risks of asthma and COPD across the life course.

Eur Respir J 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Rationale: We aimed to identify differentially methylated regions (DMRs) in cord blood DNA associated with childhood lung function, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) across the life course.

Methods: We meta-analyzed epigenome-wide data of 1688 children from five cohorts to identify cord blood DMRs and their annotated genes, in relation to Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 s (FEV1), FEV1/Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), and Forced Expiratory Flow at 75% of FVC (FEF75) at ages 7-13 years. Identified DMRs were explored for associations with childhood asthma, adult lung function and COPD, gene expression and involvement in biological processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01795-2018DOI Listing
February 2019

Second-hand smoke exposure in adulthood and lower respiratory health during 20 year follow up in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey.

Respir Res 2019 Feb 14;20(1):33. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Institute of Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health, Ingolstädter Landstraße 1, 85764, Neuherberg, Germany.

Background: Early life exposure to tobacco smoke has been extensively studied but the role of second-hand smoke (SHS) for new-onset respiratory symptoms and lung function decline in adulthood has not been widely investigated in longitudinal studies. Our aim is to investigate the associations of exposure to SHS in adults with respiratory symptoms, respiratory conditions and lung function over 20 years.

Methods: We used information from 3011 adults from 26 centres in 12 countries who participated in the European Community Respiratory Health Surveys I-III and were never or former smokers at all three surveys. Read More

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https://respiratory-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12931-019-0996-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Health Benefits of Physical Activity Related to an Urban Riverside Regeneration.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 5;16(3). Epub 2019 Feb 5.

ISGlobal (Global Health Institute Barcelona), 08003 Barcelona, Spain.

The promotion of physical activity through better urban design is one pathway by which health and well-being improvements can be achieved. This study aimed to quantify health and health-related economic impacts associated with physical activity in an urban riverside park regeneration project in Barcelona, Spain. We used data from Barcelona local authorities and meta-analysis assessing physical activity and health outcomes to develop and apply the "Blue Active Tool". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030462DOI Listing
February 2019

Household air pollution as an important factor in the complex relationship between altitude and COPD.

Authors:
Xavier Basagaña

Eur Respir J 2019 Feb 7;53(2). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.02454-2018DOI Listing
February 2019

Sociodemographic, behavioral, and health-related risk factors for depression among men and women in a southern Brazilian city.

Braz J Psychiatry 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Pública, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande (FURG), Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of depression and sociodemographic, behavioral, and health-related risk factors therefor in a southern Brazilian city.

Methods: Population-based, cross-sectional study of adults from Rio Grande, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Individuals (n=1,295) were selected using a multistage sampling procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0135DOI Listing
February 2019

Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about vaccination in primary healthcare workers involved in the administration of systematic childhood vaccines, Barcelona, 2016/17.

Euro Surveill 2019 Feb;24(6)

CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Instituto Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.

BackgroundHealthcare professionals are a reliable and impactful source of information on vaccination for parents and children.ObjectivesWe aimed to describe the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs primary care professionals involved in administration of childhood vaccines in Barcelona have about vaccines and vaccination.MethodsIn 2016/17, surveys were administered in person to every public primary care centre (PCC) with a paediatrics department (n = 41). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.6.1800117DOI Listing
February 2019

[Multimorbidity in Portugal: Results from The First National Health Examination Survey].

Acta Med Port 2019 Feb 1;32(1):30-37. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Departamento de Epidemiologia. Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge. Lisboa. Centro de Investigação em Saúde Pública (CISP). Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública. Universidade NOVA de Lisboa. Lisboa. Portugal.

Introduction: The simultaneous presence of multiple chronic diseases in the same individual is recognized as an important public health problem. Patients with multimorbidity have greater healthcare needs, which represents a higher burden on health services. Although there is no consensual definition of this concept, multimorbidity is usually defined as the presence of two or more chronic diseases in the same patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20344/amp.11227DOI Listing
February 2019

The Incidence of Obesity, Assessed as Adiposity, Is Reduced After 1 Year in Primary Schoolchildren by the POIBA Intervention.

J Nutr 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, (Public Health Agency, Barcelona), Spain.

Background: Childhood obesity is becoming a serious problem, and prevention programs are needed.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, after 1 y, the effectiveness of a multicomponent, school-based obesity intervention program.

Methods: This intervention, conducted in Barcelona, Spain, was a quasi-experimental obesity primary prevention intervention targeting schoolchildren aged 9-10 y. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxy259DOI Listing
February 2019

Durability of first-line antiretroviral regimens in the era of integrase inhibitors: a cohort of HIV-positive individuals in Spain, 2014-2015.

Antivir Ther 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain.

Background: We compared time to treatment change (TC), viral suppression (VS) and change in CD4+ T-cell counts of first-line antiretroviral regimens (ART).

Methods: We analyzed HIV treatment-naïve adults from the Cohort of the Spanish HIV/AIDS Research Network (CoRIS) initiating the most commonly used ART regimens from September 2014 to November 2015. We used proportional hazards models on the sub-distribution hazard to estimate sub-distribution hazard ratios (sHR) for time to TC, logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (ORs) for VS (viral load<50 copies/ml), and linear regression to assess mean differences in CD4 changes from ART initiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3851/IMP3297DOI Listing
February 2019

Kidney transplantation epidemiology in Brazil.

Nefrologia 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Postgraduate Program in Biosciences and Health, State University of Western Paraná, Cascavel, PR, Brazil; Medicine Department, State University of Western Paraná, Cascavel, PR, Brazil.

Background: In 2015, were celebrated in Brazil 50 years of kidney transplants, whose activities have been registered since 1995 by the Brazilian Association of Organ Transplantation (ABTO).

Purpose: To evaluate the quantitative evolution of renal transplants that occurred in Brazil during the period from 1995 to 2015 and to classify the country's position in the international scenario.

Methods: Ecological and retrospective study, based on data records published by ABTO and the International Registry in Organ Donation and Transplantation (IRODaT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nefro.2018.07.005DOI Listing
February 2019

[Effect of the population in collective dwellings on small-area mortality risk estimation in the Basque Country region (Spain)].

Gac Sanit 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Servicio de Epidemiología, Consejería de Sanidad, Comunidad de Madrid, Madrid, España.

Objective: To quantify the effect of the inclusion of the population in collective dwellings on the estimation of mortality risk in the census areas of the Basque Country (Spain) for the main causes of mortality in the period 1996-2003.

Method: Small-area ecological cross-sectional study. The main causes of mortality by sex were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Healthcare professionals' opinions, barriers and facilitators towards low-value clinical practices in the hospital setting.

Gac Sanit 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain; Health Services Research Group, Institut de Recerca Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: To explore healthcare professionals' opinions about low-value practices, identify practices of this kind possibly present in the hospital and barriers and facilitators to reduce them. Low-value practices include those with little or no clinical benefit that may harm patients or lead to a waste of resources.

Method: Using a mixed methodology, we carried out a survey and two focus groups in a tertiary hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.11.007DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Long Non-Coding RNA and Acute Leukemia.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Feb 9;20(3). Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Laboratorio de Genómica del Cáncer, Instituto Nacional de Medicina Genómica, Mexico City 14610, Mexico.

Acute leukemia (AL) is the main type of cancer in children worldwide. Mortality by this disease is high in developing countries and its etiology remains unanswered. Evidences showing the role of the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the pathophysiology of hematological malignancies have increased drastically in the last decade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20030735DOI Listing
February 2019

The longitudinal association between natural outdoor environments and mortality in 9218 older men from Perth, Western Australia.

Environ Int 2019 Feb 8;125:430-436. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

School of Population and Global Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background/aim: Natural outdoor environments may mitigate harmful environmental factors associated with city living. We studied the longitudinal relationship between natural ('green and blue') outdoor environments and mortality in a cohort of older men residing in Perth, Western Australia.

Methods: We studied a cohort of 9218 men aged 65 years and older from the Health In Men Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.01.075DOI Listing
February 2019

Maternal body mass index, gestational weight gain, and the risk of overweight and obesity across childhood: An individual participant data meta-analysis.

PLoS Med 2019 Feb 11;16(2):e1002744. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Maternal obesity and excessive gestational weight gain may have persistent effects on offspring fat development. However, it remains unclear whether these effects differ by severity of obesity, and whether these effects are restricted to the extremes of maternal body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain. We aimed to assess the separate and combined associations of maternal BMI and gestational weight gain with the risk of overweight/obesity throughout childhood, and their population impact. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002744
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002744DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Downregulation of specific FBXW7 isoforms with differential effects in T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma.

Oncogene 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa (CBMSO), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas-Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (CSIC-UAM), Madrid, Spain.

FBXW7 is a driver gene in T-cell lymphoblastic neoplasia acting through proteasome degradation of key proto-oncogenes. FBXW7 encodes three isoforms, α, β and γ, which differ only in the N-terminus. In this work, massive sequencing revealed significant downregulation of FBXW7 in a panel of primary T-cell lymphoblastic lymphomas characterised by the absence of mutations in its sequence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41388-019-0746-1DOI Listing
February 2019

[Prostate cancer is associated with the anogenital distance, a biomarker of prenatal androgen milieu.]

Arch Esp Urol 2019 Jan;72(1):9-15

Departamento de Ciencias Sociosanitarias. Área de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Murcia. Murcia. España. Grupo de Metodología de Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud. Instituto Murciano de Investigación Biosanitaria (IMIB-Arrixaca). Murcia. España. CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP). Madrid. España. Servicio de Medicina Preventiva. Hospital Clínico Universi.

Objective: To evaluate the associationbetween anogenital distance (AGD), as a biomarker ofprenatal androgen milieu, and risk of prostate cancer(PCa).

Methods: A case-control study was conducted on260 men attending a university hospital where theyunderwent physical and andrological examination andcompleted a brief questionnaire. PCa patients were confirmedby biopsy of the tumor. Read More

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January 2019

Exposure to indoor endocrine disrupting chemicals and childhood asthma and obesity.

Allergy 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Serviço de Imunologia Básica e Clínica, Departamento de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto Portugal & Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal.

Background: Indoor air contaminants may act as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs). However, to what extent these contaminants affect health is poorly known. We aimed to assess the association between EDCs exposure and asthma, respiratory symptoms and obesity in schoolchildren. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13740DOI Listing
February 2019

[Disimplementation of low-value clinical activities. From the evidence, through consensus, to a change in practices].

Gac Sanit 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, España; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), España; Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria, Hospitales Universitarios de Granada/Universidad de Granada, Granada, España.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.11.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Human papillomavirus 16 sub-lineage dispersal and cervical cancer risk worldwide: Whole viral genome sequences from 7116 HPV16-positive women.

Papillomavirus Res 2019 Feb 6;7:67-74. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV)16 can be separated into genetic sub-lineages (A1-4, B1-4, C1-4, D1-4) which may have differential cervical cancer risk.

Methods: A next-generation sequencing assay was used to whole-genome sequence 7116 HPV16-positive cervical samples from well-characterised international epidemiological studies, including 2076 controls, 1878 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and 186 adenocarcinoma/adenosquamous cell carcinoma (ADC), and to assign HPV16 sub-lineage. Logistic regression was used to estimate region-stratified country-adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95%CI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pvr.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Early-life exposome and lung function in children in Europe: an analysis of data from the longitudinal, population-based HELIX cohort.

Lancet Planet Health 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Team of Environmental Epidemiology applied to Reproduction and Respiratory Health, Inserm, CNRS, University Grenoble Alpes, Institute for Advanced Biosciences (IAB), U1209 Joint Research Center, Grenoble, France. Electronic address:

Background: Several single-exposure studies have documented possible effects of environmental factors on lung function, but none has relied on an exposome approach. We aimed to evaluate the association between a broad range of prenatal and postnatal lifestyle and environmental exposures and lung function in children.

Methods: In this analysis, we used data from 1033 mother-child pairs from the European Human Early-Life Exposome (HELIX) cohort (consisting of six existing longitudinal birth cohorts in France, Greece, Lithuania, Norway, Spain, and the UK of children born between 2003 and 2009) for whom a valid spirometry test was recorded for the child. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(19)30010-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Anthropometric indicators as screening tools for sarcopenia in older adult women.

Enferm Clin 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Núcleo de Estudos em Epidemiologia do Envelhecimento (NEPE), Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (UESB), Jequié, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate the association between sarcopenia and different anthropometric indicators, and identify the best indicator to discriminate sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adult women.

Method: Data from 173 older adult women (≥60 years), living in Lafaiete Coutinho, a small-sized city in northeastern Brazil, were analyzed. Sarcopenia was defined based on the European consensus on definition and diagnosis using three components: muscle mass, muscle strength and performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2018.12.010DOI Listing
February 2019

[Usefulness of the microbiological surveillance of respiratory syncytial virus in Galicia (Spain): 2008-2017].

Gac Sanit 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Servicio de Epidemiología, Dirección Xeral de Saúde Pública, Consellería de Sanidade, Xunta de Galicia, Santiago de Compostela (A Coruña), España.

Objective: To describe whether the microbiological information of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), provided by four hospitals on a weekly basis, adequately captures the seasonality of the RSV in the entire community.

Method: Retrospective descriptive study. We compared the detection of RSV in respiratory samples of patients (hospitalized and not) from all age groups, from the 4 hospitals that are part of the microbiological surveillance system (MSS), with data from the Minimum Basic Data Set of hospitalization for bronchiolitis by RSV or another infectious organism, in patients under 5 years of age, admitted to any public hospital in Galicia (seasons 2008/2009 to 2016/2017). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.11.009DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Attributes influencing parental decision-making to receive the Tdap vaccine to reduce the risk of pertussis transmission to their newborn - outcome of a cross-sectional conjoint experiment in Spain and Italy.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

o Direzione Medica Vaccini , GSK , Verona , Italy.

Pertussis vaccination of parents and household contacts ('cocooning') to protect newborn infants is an established strategy in many countries, although uptake may be low. Many aspects may influence such decision-making. We conducted a cross-sectional survey (NCT01890447) of households and other close contacts of newborns aged ≤6 months (or of expectant mothers in their last trimester) in Spain and Italy, using an adaptive discrete-choice experiment questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2019.1571890DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Multiple Approaches to Address Potential Risk Factors of Chagas Disease Transmission in Northeastern Brazil.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Feb;100(2):296-302

Laboratório de Ecoepidemiologia da Doença de Chagas, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, IOC/Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Chagas disease is one of the most significant systemic parasitosis in Latin America, caused by , which is mainly transmitted by hematophagous insects, the triatomines. This research was carried out in both domestic and wild environments throughout a Northeastern rural locality. Triatomines were captured in both peridomicile and wild environments, obtaining 508 specimens of triatomines, of which 99. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0480DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367631PMC
February 2019

Reply: Residential radon and small cell lung cancer. A systematic review.

Cancer Lett 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, CIBERESP, Spain; Service of Preventive Medicine, University Hospital Complex of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03043835193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2019.01.036DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Psychiatric disorders in children with enuresis at 6 and 11 years old in a birth cohort.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2019 Feb 3. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Medicina Interna, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: Enuresis may have a negative impact on the self-image in childhood and adolescence. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between enuresis and psychiatric disorders at 6 and 11 years of age.

Method: 3,356 children of a birth cohort were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2018.11.010DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A comparison of DSM-5 and DSM-IV agoraphobia in the World Mental Health Surveys.

Depress Anxiety 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, version 5 (DSM-5) definition of agoraphobia (AG) as an independent diagnostic entity makes it timely to re-examine the epidemiology of AG. Study objective was to present representative data on the characteristics of individuals who meet DSM-IV criteria for AG (AG without a history of panic disorder [PD] and PD with AG) but not DSM-5 criteria, DSM-5 but not DSM-IV criteria, or both sets of criteria.

Methods: Population-based surveys from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative including adult respondents (n = 136,357) from 27 countries across the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/da.22885DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads
4.407 Impact Factor

WHODAS 2.0-BO: normative data for the assessment of disability in older adults.

Rev Saude Publica 2019 Jan 31;53:19. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública. Departamento de Epidemiologia. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Objective: To examine the normative data of WHODAS 2.0-BO for older Brazilians (World Health Disability Assessment Schedule - Brazilian version for older people) and its distribution according to sex, age, health, subjective health perception, performance in a mobility test and presence of chronic diseases and depression.

Methods: Cross-sectional study, with 350 participants with 60 years of age or older, men and women, patients of a geriatric specialized center for medical consultations or rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/S1518-8787.2019053000586DOI Listing
January 2019

Aspects of work and sleep associated with work ability in regular aviation pilots.

Rev Saude Publica 2019 Jan 31;53:16. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Universidade Católica de Santos. Departamento de Epidemiologia. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva. Santos SP, Brasil.

Objective: Analyze the association of work organization and sleep aspects with work ability in regular aviation pilots.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study with 1,234 regular aviation pilots who worked domestic and international flights, affiliated with the Brazilian Association of Civil Aviation Pilots. Data collection employed online questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/S1518-8787.2019053000345DOI Listing
January 2019

Dental care for early childhood in Brazil: from the public policy to evidence.

Rev Saude Publica 2019 Jan 31;53:15. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia. Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.

Objective: To evaluate whether characteristics of health services, oral health team and dental surgeon are associated with provision of dental care for children up to five years old in Brazilian Primary Health Care.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with data from 18,114 oral health teams in Brazil, evaluated in 2014 by the National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care. The study outcome was the proven performance of dental procedures on children up to five years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/S1518-8787.2019053000540DOI Listing
January 2019
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Assisted reproductive technology: prevalence and associated factors in Southern Brazil.

Rev Saude Publica 2019 Jan 31;53:13. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Faculdade de Medicina. Departamento de Medicina Social. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia. Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of successful assisted reproductive technology and to identify the associated factors.

Methods: This population-based birth cohort study was carried out with 4,333 pregnant women expected to deliver in 2015 in the urban area of Pelotas, Southern Brazil. Use of an assisted reproductive technology procedure, type of assisted reproductive technology [in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection or artificial insemination], number of embryos transferred, success of embryo transfer, number of attempts, and reported reasons for seeking assisted reproductive technology were the main outcomes measured. Read More

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https://www.revistas.usp.br/rsp/article/view/154097
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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/S1518-8787.2019053000737DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Maternity leave and exclusive breastfeeding.

Rev Saude Publica 2019 Jan 31;53:10. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Instituto de Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde. Laboratório de Informação em Saúde. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

Objective: To analyze the association between maternity leave and exclusive breastfeeding and to estimate the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in children under six months of life.

Methods: Cross-sectional study, with mothers of children under six months of life, attended in primary health care units with Breast Milk Collection Services in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2013 (n = 429). We analyzed characteristics concerning: maternal sociodemographic aspects, household, prenatal care, childbirth, maternal lifestyle, the child, health care, and infant feeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/S1518-8787.2019053000244DOI Listing
January 2019

[Exploratory study of the validity and internal consistency of the Work Ability Index among health workers].

Salud Colect 2018 Oct-Dec;14(4):713-724

Fisioterapeuta. Doctora en Salud Pública, Universidade Federal de la Bahia. Docente, Universidade Federal da Bahia. Bahía, Brasil.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the validity and internal consistency of the Work Ability Index (WAI) among health workers in Bahia, Brazil. An exploratory validity study was conducted based on a cross-sectional sample of 3,084 health workers. The principal component analysis extracted three factors of the instrument with a total accumulated variance of 53. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18294/sc.2018.1342DOI Listing
April 2017
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Austerity comes to Latin America: Lessons from the recent European experience on studying its effects on health.

Salud Colect 2018 Oct-Dec;14(4):681-684

Doctor en Epidemiología. Investigador Senior, Centro de Integración de Datos y Conocimientos para la Salud, Fiocruz. Profesor de Epidemiología, Instituto de Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Bahia, Brasil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18294/sc.2018.1990DOI Listing
February 2019

Self-rated health status, health inequalities and economic crisis: the case of Spain.

Salud Colect 2018 Oct-Dec;14(4):671-674

Doctora en Medicina Preventiva. Profesora asociada de Epidemiología, Escuela de Ciencias Médicas, Santa Casa de São Paulo. São Paulo, Brasil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18294/sc.2018.1984DOI Listing
February 2019
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[Barriers identified by the health staff for the screening of human immunodeficiency virus in indigenous populations of the peruvian amazon].

Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica 2018 Oct-Dec;35(4):610-619

Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Prevención y Control de Enfermedades, Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú.

Objective.: To describe the barriers identified by the health staff for the screening of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in indigenous populations at health centers located in four regions of the Peruvian Amazon.

Materials And Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2018.354.3855DOI Listing

Relationship of falls among the elderly and frailty components.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2019 Feb 4;21Suppl 02(Suppl 02):e180017. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Departamento de Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade de São Paulo - São Paulo (USP), Brasil.

Objective: To evaluate whether the occurrence of falls in the year preceding the interview is associated with frailty components after a four-year period.

Methods: Data were obtained from the second round of the Health, Well-being and Aging SABE Study, conducted in 2006, when 1,413 elderly people were interviewed. Individuals considered weak according to the Fried model were excluded, resulting in 1,207 elderly at the study entry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720180017.supl.2DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors associated with balance disorders of elderly living in the city of São Paulo in 2006: evidence of the Health, Well-being and Aging (SABE) Study.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2019 Feb 4;21Suppl 02(Suppl 02):e180016. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo - São Paulo (SP), Brasil.

Objective: To analyze the influence of demographic, health condition, and lifestyle factors on body balance disorders among elderly subjects living in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2006.

Methods: Thestudy was developed based on information provided by the Health, Well-being, and Aging (SABE) Study. Itincluded 60-year-old subjects, both men and women, or those over this age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720180016.supl.2DOI Listing
February 2019

Depressive symptoms among the elderly in São Paulo city, Brazil: prevalence and associated factors (SABE Study).

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2019 Feb 4;21Suppl 02(Suppl 02):e180014. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Departamento de Neurologia, Psicologia e Psiquiatria, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" - Botucatu (SP), Brasil.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in the elderly in São Paulo city, Brazil (SABE Study), in 2006 and to identify risk factors associated with the 2006 prevalence and protective factors among those who did not have depressive symptoms in the assessments conducted in 2000 and 2006.

Methods: In this cross-sectional and longitudinal study, the Geriatric Depression Scale was used for inclusion in the cohort in 2000 and also in 2006.

Results: The prevalence of depressive symptoms in 2006 was 14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720180014.supl.2DOI Listing
February 2019

Nutrition status of elderly smokers and former smokers of São Paulo City, Brazil.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2019 Feb 4;21Suppl 02(Suppl 02):e180013. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Departamento de Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo - São Paulo (SP), Brasil.

Objectives: The concomitance of smoking and poor dietary habits represents a worsened prognosis of health and quality of life for elderly. The aim of this study was to characterize the nutritional status of elderly who were smokers and former smokers and residents of São Paulo city.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010 with a representative sample of 1,345 individuals aged 60 years and over, who were part of the elderly cohort monitored at the SABE Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720180013.supl.2DOI Listing
February 2019