411 results match your criteria Eosinophilic Ulcer

Not All Gastric Ulcers Are Malignant.

Cureus 2022 Jul 3;14(7):e26535. Epub 2022 Jul 3.

Medicine, Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, PAK.

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a small- and medium-vessel vasculitis that majorly involves the respiratory tract but can potentially involve any organ system of the body. Involvement of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract can present on a spectrum. We present an interesting case of a 44-year-old man with a history of asthma and sinusitis who presented with non-specific GI symptoms and weight loss. Read More

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Eosinophilic gastritis without peripheral eosinophilia and atopy: A case report.

Clin Case Rep 2022 Jun 27;10(6):e6005. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Gastroenterology Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital Kathmandu Nepal.

Eosinophilic gastritis (EG) is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of any gastric layers. We report a 65-year-female presenting with abdominal pain and vomiting for two months. Chronic gastritis not responding to empirical treatment interrogated further investigations. Read More

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Proton Pump Inhibitor to Treat an Eosinophilic Duodenal Ulcer with Esophageal Involvement: A Pediatric Case.

Tohoku J Exp Med 2022 Jul 3;257(4):309-313. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Dokkyo Medical University.

Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders are diseases that cause inflammation and dysfunction due to infiltration of eosinophils into various regions of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms and treatment vary depending on lesion severity. We describe the first pediatric case of an eosinophilic duodenal ulcer with esophageal involvement that was effectively treated using proton pump inhibitor monotherapy. Read More

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Serotonin-positive neuroendocrine neoplasm with pancreatic ductal dilation in which cytological immunostaining contributed to the diagnosis.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2022 Aug 26;15(4):822-825. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Gastroenterology, Mito Kyodo General Hospital, 3-2-7 Miya-machi, Mito, Ibaraki, 310-0015, Japan.

A 52-year-old man was transported via an ambulance because of syncope and the passage of tarry stools, which had been noted the previous day. He was diagnosed with upper gastrointestinal bleeding from a gastric ulcer and underwent endoscopic hemostasis. Prior to endoscopy, abdominal computerized tomography performed for gastrointestinal bleeding revealed pancreatic duct dilation. Read More

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Eosinophilic Duodenal Ulcer Exacerbation after Helicobacter pylori Eradication in a 14-Year-Old Boy.

Tohoku J Exp Med 2022 Jun 21;257(2):153-156. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Dokkyo Medical University.

Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs) cause various gastrointestinal symptoms due to infiltration of eosinophils into the gastrointestinal tract. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a microorganism that is associated with various diseases such as autoimmune diseases. Read More

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Clinical Profile and Prevalence of H Pylori, Iga-Ttg, and Spectrum of Duodenal Abnormalities in Non Ulcer Dyspepsia.

J Assoc Physicians India 2022 Apr;70(4):11-12

Army Hospital (R&R), Delhi.

The Rome IV criterion for a diagnosis of NUD is chronic or recurrent epigastric pain within the last 3 months and an onset of symptoms at least 6 months prior to presentation. The term functional Dyspepsia and idiopathic dyspepsia are often used as well. Symptoms include ulcer-like dyspepsia; gastroparetic-like (nausea, early satiety, and post-prandial pain), and undifferentiated. Read More

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A case of severe acute hemorrhagic duodenitis after administration of immune checkpoint inhibitor.

DEN open 2022 Apr 22;2(1):e19. Epub 2021 Aug 22.

Department of Respiratory Medicine Kameda General Hospital Chiba Japan.

: A 66-year-old man started carboplatin + etoposide + atezolizumab therapy for advanced small cell lung cancer. Seventeen days after the start of treatment, the patient presented with hematemesis and underwent emergency endoscopy, which revealed multiple erosions and ulcers in the duodenum. Some ulcers showed pulsating bleeding, which was stopped by clipping and cauterization using hemostats. Read More

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A Narrative Review on Efficacy and Safety of Proton Pump Inhibitors in Children.

Front Pharmacol 2022 10;13:839972. Epub 2022 Feb 10.

Pediatric Gastroenterology and Cystic Fibrosis Unit, Department of Human Pathology in Adulthood and Childhood "G. Barresi", University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are among the most prescribed drugs worldwide and include omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole, and rabeprazole. Their use in pediatrics is approved for children older than 1 year, for the short-term treatment of symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), healing of erosive esophagitis, treatment of peptic ulcer disease, and eradication of . PPIs are also considered the standard of care for pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis. Read More

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February 2022

AGA Clinical Practice Update on De-Prescribing of Proton Pump Inhibitors: Expert Review.

Gastroenterology 2022 04 17;162(4):1334-1342. Epub 2022 Feb 17.

Veterans Affairs Center for Clinical Management Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Department of Internal Medicine and Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Description: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are among the most commonly used medications in the world. Developed for the treatment and prevention of acid-mediated upper gastrointestinal conditions, these agents are being used increasingly for indications where their benefits are less certain. PPI overprescription imposes an economic cost and contributes to polypharmacy. Read More

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Eosinophilic ulcer of the oral mucosa: An update on clinicopathologic features, pathogenesis, and management.

Int J Dermatol 2021 Nov 23. Epub 2021 Nov 23.

Department of Dermatology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Eosinophilic ulcer of the oral mucosa is a benign, reactive, self-limited lesion. Its pathogenesis is unclear, and it clinically manifests as a punched-out ulcer with surrounding indurated border, raising suspicion for a possible malignancy. On histology, an acute and chronic dense inflammatory infiltrate can be appreciated, which can extend to the deep underlying tissue (including skeletal muscle). Read More

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November 2021

A case report of recurrent Well's syndrome masquerading as cellulitis.

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2021 15;11(6):866-870. Epub 2021 Nov 15.

Division of Dermatology, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Towson, MD, USA.

Eosinophilic cellulitis (Well's syndrome) is a rare relapsing inflammatory disorder characterized by infiltration of eosinophils into the dermis. Although rare, WS should be considered in patients with a history of asthma and skin lesions that are resistant to antibiotic therapy. We report a case of recurrent WS. Read More

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November 2021

Topical application of fucoidan derived from Cladosiphon okamuranus alleviates atopic dermatitis symptoms through immunomodulation.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Dec 18;101(Pt B):108362. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Doctoral Degree Program in Marine Biotechnology, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan; Doctoral Degree Program in Marine Biotechnology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Food Science and Center of Excellence for the Oceans, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan; Department of Health and Nutrition Biotechnology, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a T helper (Th) 2 cell-mediated allergic disease, which features increased number of immunocytes and level of Th2-associated cytokines. Fucoidan is well known a naturally occurring agent effectively ameliorating many AD symptoms. Though these alleviative effects are exhilarating, the mechanisms behind, however, are still rather limited. Read More

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December 2021

Case 33-2021: A 68-Year-Old Man with Painful Mouth Ulcers.

N Engl J Med 2021 Oct;385(18):1700-1710

From the Department of Oral Medicine and Dentistry, Brigham and Women's Hospital (S.-B.W., N.S.T.), the Departments of Radiology (M.Y.W.), Medicine (P.C.A.), Dermatology (D.K.), and Pathology (R.P.H.), Massachusetts General Hospital, and the Departments of Radiology (M.Y.W.), Medicine (P.C.A.), Dermatology (D.K.), and Pathology (R.P.H.), Harvard Medical School - all in Boston.

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October 2021

Acute Liver Failure Due to Hypereosinophilic Syndrome Accompanied by Duodenal Perforation.

Intern Med 2022 May 19;61(10):1525-1529. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Gastroenterology, Japanese Red Cross Medical Center, Japan.

A 78-year-old woman presenting with severe acute liver failure was admitted to our hospital. On screening for the etiology of acute liver failure, it was diagnosed as being due to idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (eosinophil count reported as 4766/μL; 33.8% of the white blood cells). Read More

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Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia (TUGSE): a rare self-healing oral mucosal lesion.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Aug 13;14(8). Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology & Microbiology, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha O Anusandhan Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

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Atypical presentation at acute gastritis: significant gastric wall thickening as a presentation of a primary infection in children.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 9;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Pediatric Surgery, Kanazawa Medical University, Kahoku-gun, Ishikawa, Japan.

infection could cause chronic inflammation in the stomach and induce peptic ulcer disease or even malignant tumour. The initial infection of the organism happens in childhood but most of cases are latent. We had a case of 10-year-old girl who presented with acute epigastric pain and significant thickening of the stomach wall on CT. Read More

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Oral Lymphoepithelial Cyst: A Collaborative Clinicopathologic Study of 132 Cases from Brazil.

Head Neck Pathol 2022 Mar 29;16(1):268-277. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Oral Diagnosis, Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Piracicaba, Brazil.

The oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLC) is an uncommon lesion whose pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of the OLCs and to verify a possible association between OLCs and subgemmal neurogenous plaque (SNP) in the posterior lateral region of the tongue. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. Read More

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Cost-effectiveness analysis of anti-IL-5 therapies of severe eosinophilic asthma in Spain.

J Med Econ 2021 Jan-Dec;24(1):874-882

Medicine and Specialities Department, Universidad de Alcalá (Alcalá de Henares, Madrid), Hospital Universitario Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Spain.

Aim: To analyse the cost-effectiveness of MEP with standard of care (SoC) versus other anti-IL-5 therapies approved for the treatment of severe eosinophilic asthma (SEA) patients, within the Spanish National Health System (NHS) perspective.

Methods: A Markov model with a 4-week cycle length was used to compare MEP with BEN and RES as therapies added to SoC in the management of SEA, in terms of cost per QALY gained and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). Costs (€2019) were obtained from public sources, while utilities and transition probabilities were retrieved from literature, e. Read More

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September 2021

Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia: A puzzle.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2021 Mar 19;25(Suppl 1):S42-S45. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Bareilly International University, Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia (TUGSE) is an ulcerative condition of the oral mucosa amid a chronic course and delayed healing. It is a reactive lesion that usually affects the tongue. TUGSE is a rare mucosal lesion to aid as an ulcer or an indurated submucosal mass and might cause diagnostic problems as it mimics a traumatic or neoplastic ulcer. Read More

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Non-responsive celiac disease in children on a gluten free diet.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr;27(13):1311-1320

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, United States.

Background: Non-responsive celiac disease (NRCD) is defined as the persistence of symptoms in individuals with celiac disease (CeD) despite being on a gluten-free diet (GFD). There is scant literature about NRCD in the pediatric population.

Aim: To determine the incidence, clinical characteristics and underlying causes of NRCD in children. Read More

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Riga-Fede disease: a mimicker of malignancy.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Mar 18;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Otorhinolaryngology, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, India.

Riga-Fede disease (RFD), also known as traumatic eosinophilic granuloma, is a benign inflammatory condition of the oral cavity that may mimic a malignant tumour. It's a rare condition mainly reported in infants. We present a unique case report of a 57-year-old man who presented to our outpatient department with foreign body sensation in the throat and swelling over the dorsum of the tongue for a period of 1 month. Read More

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Crystalglobulinemia: A Rare Presenting Manifestation of Multiple Myeloma.

Am J Dermatopathol 2021 Sep;43(9):653-655

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.

Abstract: Crystalglobulinemia (CG) is a rare disorder characterized by crystallization of monoclonal immunoglobulins in the microcirculation leading to multiorgan vascular thrombosis and ischemic injury. The main cause of CG is multiple myeloma. We report a case of a 52-year-old man who presented with widespread necrotizing plaques and ulcerations. Read More

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September 2021

Hemocytic sarcoma of the body wall in a California king crab Paralithodes californiensis.

Dis Aquat Organ 2021 Jan 28;143:13-18. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Joint Pathology Center, 606 Stephen Sitter Ave., Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA.

Neoplasia is rarely reported in decapod crustaceans, and sarcoma has not been previously reported in any crab species. A California king crab Paralithodes californiensis with a recent history of autotomy (4 legs lost) and anorexia was found dead. Grossly, the crab had a pigmented ulcer on the right cheliped merus. Read More

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January 2021

Diagnostic Delay in Patients with Eosinophilic Gastritis and/or Duodenitis: A Population-Based Study.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2021 05 10;9(5):2050-2059.e20. Epub 2021 Jan 10.

Allakos Inc., Redwood City, Calif.

Background: Eosinophilic gastritis and/or eosinophilic duodenitis (EG/EoD) is characterized by persistent symptoms and elevated eosinophils in the gastrointestinal tract. Limited disease awareness and lack of diagnostic guidelines suggest that patients may remain undiagnosed or endure diagnostic delay.

Objective: To characterize the path to diagnosis for patients with EG/EoD in a representative population. Read More

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Analysis and Follow up of Endoscopy Results in 1099 Patients with Terminal Ileum Lesions.

Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2020 4;2020:8838613. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA.

Objective: We aim to analyze the diagnostic yield, diagnostic accuracy, and delayed diagnosis of patients with terminal ileum lesions, providing follow-up suggestions for suspected patients.

Methods: We carried out an analysis of 1099 patients who had terminal ileum lesions in our hospital from 2009 to 2019. The endoscopy reports and histopathology reports of terminal ileal biopsies were recorded. Read More

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[The eosinophilic esophagitis and IgG4-related disease involving the esophagus].

Ter Arkh 2020 Sep 3;92(8):100-107. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University.

The study of eosinophilic esophagitis has become a dynamic field with an evolving understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease exhibits systemic involvement but very rarely involves the esophagus. The article presents a clinical case: the history of ulcer and stricture of the esophagus in a young man of 17 years. Read More

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September 2020

The Use and Misuse of Proton Pump Inhibitors: An Opportunity for Deprescribing.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 01 13;22(1):15-22. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Department of Medicine, Geriatric Medicine, Geriatric Medicine Fellowship Program, Montefiore Medical Center, Wakefield Campus, Bronx, NY, USA; Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are proven medications of choice for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), acid-related disorders, erosive esophagitis, Barrett esophagus, prevention of gastrointestinal bleeding while on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, eosinophilic esophagitis, peptic ulcer disease, stress ulcer prophylaxis in critically ill patients, and other indications. Best practice guidelines from several sources on the appropriate indications and duration of PPI therapy have been summarized for easy assimilation. Individualized decision with regard to PPI use is illustrated by case vignettes; best approaches are provided. Read More

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January 2021

Subcutaneous administration of triamcinolone as part of the management of feline eosinophilic keratoconjunctivitis.

J Feline Med Surg 2021 Jun 3;23(6):575-583. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this retrospective case-control study was to report the efficacy of subcutaneous triamcinolone as part of a regimen for feline eosinophilic keratoconjunctivitis (FEK).

Methods: Records and clinical photographs were reviewed and lesions semiquantitatively graded for cats with cytologically confirmed FEK. Clinical data were compared between a study population of nine cats (11 eyes) treated with, and a reference population of seven cats (eight eyes) treated without, a median of 0. Read More

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Review - Helicobacter pylori and non-malignant upper gastro-intestinal diseases.

Helicobacter 2020 Sep;25 Suppl 1:e12738

Department of Gastroenterology & Institute for Digestive Research, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.

This review takes into account recent publications focusing on the relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and non-malignant diseases of the upper gastro-intestinal tract. The authors have summarized current knowledge on associations between the H pylori infection and non-malignant upper GI conditions including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Barrett's esophagus, eosinophilic esophagitis (EOE), peptic ulcer disease (PUD), H pylori gastritis, celiac disease and functional dyspepsia. In the field of GERD, current data focusing on different locations of H pylori infection detect significant differences between antrum- and corpus predominant gastritis explainable by different changes in acid secretion in different gastric niches. Read More

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September 2020