33,057 results match your criteria Eosinophilia


Cytological diagnosis of Langerhans Cell histiocytosis: a series of 47 cases.

Cytopathology 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Department of Pathology, All India Institute of medical sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India.

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease affecting predominantly children and young adults but can be found in any age group. Diagnosis of LCH is often difficult and can be delayed because of its rarity. The present study highlights the cytomorphological features in a large cohort of cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cyt.12709DOI Listing

Molecular Survey of Species in Shelter Cats in Rio De Janeiro: Clinical, Hematological, and Risk Factors.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Departament of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Veterinary Institute, Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Seropédica, Brazil.

The present study aimed to detect DNA in cats belonging to shelters, and to evaluate risk factors, clinical signs, and hematological abnormalities associated with infection. Complete blood counts and screening for the presence of DNA were performed on cats' ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid anticoagulant-blood samples. Eighty-three cats (39. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0585DOI Listing

Effects of bronchial provocation test and bronchial dilation test for the diagnosis of lung diseases.

Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol 2019 Dec;47(1):1452-1457

a Department of Respiration, Daping Hospital , Army Military Medical University , Chongqing , China.

Aim: Present study was performed to explore the effects of bronchial provocation test (BPT) and bronchial dilation test (BDT) for the diagnosis of lung diseases.

Methods: BPT and BDT results were respectively detected by methacholine and albuterol in patients with different lung diseases and non-lung diseases. BPT and BDT indexes including exhaled nitric oxide (ENO), forced expiratory volume of first minute (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), diffusion of carbon monoxide in the lungs (DLCO) and eosinophilia (EOS) were compared by t-test between different groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21691401.2019.1601100DOI Listing
December 2019

The effect of peripheral blood eosinophilia on inflammatory markers in asthmatic patients with lower respiratory tract infections.

J Int Med Res 2019 Apr 21:300060519844859. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

4 Department of Paediatric Pulmonology, Medical Faculty, Maltepe University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: To investigate the behaviour of the inflammatory marker neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in the presence of peripheral blood eosinophilia (PBE) in paediatric asthma patients with lower respiratory tract (LRT) infections.

Methods: This retrospective study enrolled consecutive patients aged ≥5 years who were diagnosed with asthma and whose haemogram values were available. The patients were further subdivided based on the presence or absence of LRT infections and allergies. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0300060519844859
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060519844859DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Loeffler's endocarditis with isolated left ventricular involvement on cardiac MRI.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 20;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Cardiovascular Radiology and Endovascular Interventions, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi, India.

Loeffler endocarditis is an uncommon restrictive cardiomyopathy associated with eosinophilia and endomyocardial fibrosis causing diastolic restriction, predominantly involving the right ventricle. Cardiac MRI plays a crucial role in early detection of disease. Early disease usually responds well to corticosteroids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227642DOI Listing

Unveiling the mechanisms of immune evasion in pancreatic cancer: may it be a systemic inflammation responsible for dismal survival?

Authors:
K Holub C Conill

Clin Transl Oncol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Radiation Oncology Department, Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies with no effective treatment if diagnosed in advanced stage. Systemic inflammation is a recognized characteristic of cancer progression, and we believe that the understanding of the influence of inflammatory parameters may contribute to therapeutic improvement in PC. Here, we validated the Eosinophil/Lymphocyte Ratio (ELR) together with the Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and their components, as prognostic factors in PC patients treated with chemoradiation. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12094-019-02113-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12094-019-02113-yDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DiHS)/drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS): An update in 2019.

Allergol Int 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Dermatology, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

The aim of this review was to provide an updated overview of drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DiHS)/drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS). Several new insights have been made, particularly with regards to the diagnosis, pathogenesis and care of some important complications and sequelae. The indication of herpesvirus reactivations in diagnosis in the assessment of disease severity is now better specified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alit.2019.03.006DOI Listing

House Dust Mite-Induced Allergic Lung Inflammation Is Not Exacerbated in Sickle Cell Disease Mice.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2019 Apr 18:1-9. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA,

Aim: Asthma appears to be a common comorbid condition in children with sickle cell disease (SCD), and such individuals may be at a higher risk for increased morbidity and mortality. However, several reports have indicated that asthma severity is not particularly high in those with SCD, and airway hyperreactivity and wheeze may be independently associated with SCD. In SCD mice, exacerbated allergic airway disease (AAD) has been observed in response to the model antigen ovalbumin (OVA). Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/499043
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499043DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

[Lamotrigine induced hypersensitivity syndrome in children: a case report].

Authors:
N X Cui X P Zhu

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2019 Apr;51(2):356-358

Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215025, Jiangsu, China.

Drug induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) is often manifested as severe systemic drug trans-reactions characterized by acute and extensive skin lesions (mostly measles-like rash), fever, enlargement of lymph nodes, multiple organ involvement (hepatitis, nephritis, and pneumonia), eosinophilia and mononucleosis,within 2-6 weeks of the application of sensitizing drugs. In the early stage of the lesion, macular papules or erythema multiforme were common, and in severe cases, exfoliative dermatitis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis were also common. Most of them developed after taking allergic drugs for 2-6 weeks (average: 3 weeks). Read More

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April 2019
2 Reads

IgG4 Sclerosing Cholangitis - an Inflammation Imitating Tumour of the Pancreas and Biliary Tract.

Klin Onkol 2019 ;32(2):143-151

Background: Immunoglobulin (Ig) G4 associated sclerosing cholangitis is a rare inflammatory disease of the biliary tract. Although it is a very progressive condition, it responds to steroid therapy. IgG4 associated sclerosing cholangitis can mimic pancreatic carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, and primary sclerosing cholangitis; therefore, it is very important to obtain a differential diagnosis. Read More

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https://www.linkos.cz/english-summary/klinicka-onkologie-jou
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14735/amko2019143DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

The Cytokines of Asthma.

Immunity 2019 Apr;50(4):975-991

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA; Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, USA.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease associated with type 2 cytokines interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-5, and IL-13, which promote airway eosinophilia, mucus overproduction, bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), and immunogloubulin E (IgE) synthesis. However, only half of asthma patients exhibit signs of an exacerbated Type 2 response. "Type 2-low" asthma has different immune features: airway neutrophilia, obesity-related systemic inflammation, or in some cases, few signs of immune activation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2019.03.018DOI Listing
April 2019
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COUGH RESPONSES TO INHALED IRRITANTS ARE ENHANCED BY EOSINOPHIL MAJOR BASIC PROTEIN IN AWAKE MICE.

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Physiology, University of Kentucky Medical Center, United States.

A distinct association between airway eosinophilia and chronic cough is well documented. Eosinophil granule-derived cationic proteins, such as major basic protein (MBP), have been shown to activate and enhance the excitability of bronchopulmonary C-fiber sensory nerves, which may then lead to an increase in cough sensitivity. This study was carried out to determine if cough responses to inhaled irritant gases were altered by delivery of MBP into the airways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00081.2019DOI Listing

Eosinophilic fasciitis: an atypical presentation of a rare disease.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Mar 11;65(3):326-329. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Internal Medicine Service, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.

Eosinophilic fasciitis, or Shulman's disease, is a rare disease of unknown etiology. It is characterized by peripheral eosinophilia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and high erythrocyte sedimentation rate. The diagnosis is confirmed by a deep biopsy of the skin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.326DOI Listing
March 2019
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Preformulation and Evaluation of Tofacitinib as a Therapeutic Treatment for Asthma.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2019 Apr 16;20(5):167. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

Preformulation studies on tofacitinib citrate, a small molecule JAK3 specific inhibitor, have not been previously reported in literature. We therefore conducted several preformulation studies on tofacitinib citrate, and its free base, to better understand factors that affect its solubility, stability, and solid-state characteristics. Further, the results of the preformulation studies helped facilitate the development of a nebulized formulation of tofacitinib citrate for inhalational delivery to house dust mite allergen-challenged, BALB/c mice as a potential treatment for eosinophilic asthma. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1208/s12249-019-1377-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12249-019-1377-0DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Responses to biological therapies in eosinophilic severe asthma.

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Unidad de Asma Grave. Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18176/jiaci.0403DOI Listing
April 2019
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Omalizumab in patients with severe asthma and persistent sputum eosinophilia.

Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol 2019 3;15:21. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

1Department of Medicine, Division of Respirology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON Canada.

Omalizumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody targeting the IgE molecule, is the first biologic approved for moderate-to-severe allergic asthmatics, who remain uncontrolled despite high dose inhaled corticosteroid and bronchodilators. Steroid-sparing effect of omalizumab has not been demonstrated in asthmatics with persistent airway eosinophilia in a randomised controlled trial till date. From this double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-centred, randomized parallel group design, we report that omalizumab is possibly inadequate to control sputum eosinophilia, and therefore may not have a steroid-sparing effect, especially in those maintained on oral corticosteroids daily. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13223-019-0337-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448265PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

IgG4-related disease in a patient with HIV infection.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 14;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Internal Medicine, HIV Unit- IdiPAZ, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain.

A 47-year-old HIV-positive man with good immune and virological status presented with chronic multiple enlarged lymph nodes, lung disease and eosinophilia. Radiologic tests showed enlarged cervical, thoracic and axillary lymph nodes, with interstitial lung damage. After several non-specific histologic studies, an elevated serum IgG4 level led us to request immunohistochemistry of a lymph node sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226809DOI Listing

Gut-associated lymphoid tissue or so-called "dome" carcinoma of the colon: Review.

World J Gastrointest Oncol 2019 Jan;11(1):59-70

Department of Anatomical Pathology, Laboratory Medicine Program, University Health Network, Toronto ON, Canada.

Aim: To present a comprehensive review of the etiology, clinical features, macroscopic and pathological findings, and clinical significance of Gut-associated lymphoid tissue or "dome" carcinoma of the colon.

Methods: The English language medical literature on gut- or gastrointestinal-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) or "dome" carcinoma of the colon was searched and appraised.

Results: GALT/dome-type carcinomas of the colon are thought to arise from the M-cells of the lymphoglandular complex of the intestine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4251/wjgo.v11.i1.59DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451924PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Are biological drugs effective and safe in older severe asthmatics?

Expert Opin Drug Saf 2019 Apr 13:1-12. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

a Biomedical Department of Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties (DIBIMIS) , University of Palermo , Palermo , Italy.

Introduction: The treatment of asthma in older ages follows the recommendations of international guidelines for the management of asthma in younger ages, although older age has always represented an exclusion criterion for eligibility to pharmacological trials. This poses a clinical challenge when deciding whether elderly severe asthmatics are candidates for biological drugs. Areas covered: The current article has a narrative structure to review the current literature on efficacy and safety of novel pharmacological drugs against immunoglobulins and interleukins that mediate and orchestrate the main inflammatory pathways in severe asthma, in order to explore whether older subjects (i. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14740338.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14740338.2019.1607838DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Evaluating fluticasone furoate + vilanterol for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2019 Apr 14:1-11. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

a Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Sleep Medicine , Medical University of South Carolina , Charleston , SC , USA.

Introduction: Inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β-2 agonists (ICS/LABA) combination inhalers have been a lifeline for a generation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma patients. Fluticasone furoate and Vilanterol (FF/VI) as a once-daily ICS/LABA combination have an extensive clinical trial and real-world data to support its use in COPD patients. Areas covered: The authors provide pharmacological profiles of fluticasone furoate, vilanterol and the FF/VI fixed dose combination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14656566.2019.1603292DOI Listing
April 2019
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Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis: Clinical Manifestation, Natural Course, and Evaluation of Treatment with Corticosteroids and Vedolizumab.

Dig Dis Sci 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, 4031, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is a rare, chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract. Little is known about its natural history and treatment outcomes. The aims of our analysis were to describe clinical presentation, response to current medical treatments, and to evaluate the response of refractory EGE to anti-integrin therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-019-05617-3DOI Listing
April 2019
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The influence of parasitism by in the hematological parameters of the white ear opossum () from Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2019 Aug 24;9:16-20. Epub 2019 Mar 24.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Ambientais e Sustentabilidade Agropecuária, Universidade Católica Dom Bosco, Tamandaré Avenue, 6000. Jardim Seminário, Cep 79117-900, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

Considered ecologically generalist, is reported as reservoir for different species of parasites, especially . However, the knowledge about the influence of on hematological parameters of free-living opossum remains scarce. The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of on hematological parameters of white-ear opossums () from Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2019.03.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441743PMC

Particle Depletion Does Not Remediate Acute Effects of Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Allergen: A Randomized, Double-Blinded Crossover Study.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

University of British Columbia, Medicine, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada ;

Rationale: Diesel exhaust (DE), an established model of traffic-related air pollution, contributes significantly to the global burden of asthma and may augment the effects of allergen inhalation. Newer diesel particulate-filtering technologies may increase NO emissions, raising questions regarding their effectiveness in reducing harm from associated engine output.

Objectives: To assess the effects of diesel exhaust and allergen co-exposure on lung function, airway responsiveness, and circulating leukocytes, and determine whether diesel exhaust particle-depletion remediates these effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201809-1657OCDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Acute eosinophilic pneumonia triggered by secondhand cigarette smoke exposure in an elderly man.

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2019 Mar 20;89(1). Epub 2019 Mar 20.

University of Maryland School of Medicine Baltimore, Maryland.

The spectrum of eosinophilic lung diseases comprises a diverse group of pulmonary disorders associated with tissue or peripheral eosinophilia. [Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP)] is an uncommon eosinophilic lung disease that can be idiopathic, but identifiable causes include medications, inhalational exposures and infections. Most cases in the literature are associated with first-time cigarette smoking or resuming smoking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/monaldi.2019.985DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Liver involvement in the drug reaction, eosinophilia, and systemic symptoms syndrome.

World J Clin Cases 2019 Mar;7(6):705-716

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 4Z6, Canada.

First described in 1996, the drug reaction, eosinophilia, and systemic symptoms syndrome (DReSS) is considered, along with Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis, a severe cutaneous drug reaction. It is characterized by the presence of a maculopapular erythematous skin eruption, fever, lymphadenopathy, influenza-like symptoms, eosinophilia, and visceral involvement such as hepatitis, pneumonitis, myocarditis, pericarditis, nephritis, and colitis. The prognosis of patients with DReSS is related to the severity of visceral involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v7.i6.705DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448072PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Idiopathic Eosinophilic Pleural Effusion Treated Successfully with Corticosteroid Therapy: A Clinical Case Report.

Cureus 2019 Jan 29;11(1):e3975. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Internal Medicine, Tribhuvan University Institute of Medicine, Kathmandu, NPL.

A pleural effusion is defined to be eosinophilic when 10% or more of the white blood cells in pleural fluid are eosinophils. Despite the multitude of studies enumerating the causes of eosinophilic pleural effusion (EPE), 14%-25% of such cases remain idiopathic even after thorough work-up. We report a case report of a 28-year-old never smoker male from the Rukum district of Nepal who presented to the emergency department (ED) with a chief complaint of shortness of breath associated with a low grade fever, nonproductive cough, and pleuritic right-sided chest pain for two weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3975DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440551PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Pseudovascular squamous cell carcinoma with eosinophil-rich stroma.

Authors:
Yamil Lopez

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2019 Feb;23(Suppl 1):87-89

Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA, USA.

Pseudovascular squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a rare variant of SCC characterized by acantholysis and necrosis with preservation of vascular-like cords and spaces mimicking glands or vascular differentiation. Only three cases of this variant in the oral cavity have been reported in the literature. However, none of these cases were eosinophil-rich, which is considered to be a good prognostic indicator for conventional SCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_276_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421930PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

JAMA 2019 04;321(14):1418

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.1992DOI Listing

Use of Polymeric Nanoparticle Platform Targeting the Liver To Induce Treg-Mediated Antigen-Specific Immune Tolerance in a Pulmonary Allergen Sensitization Model.

ACS Nano 2019 Apr 12;13(4):4778-4794. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Nanoparticles (NPs) can be used to accomplish antigen-specific immune tolerance in allergic and autoimmune disease. The available options for custom-designing tolerogenic NPs include the use of nanocarriers that introduce antigens into natural tolerogenic environments, such as the liver, where antigen presentation promotes tolerance to self- or foreign antigens. Here, we demonstrate the engineering of a biodegradable polymeric poly(lactic- co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanocarrier for the selective delivery of the murine allergen, ovalbumin (OVA), to the liver. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.9b01444DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
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Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia Successfully Treated with Cryotherapy.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Mar 14;7(5):794-796. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Clinic of Dermatology, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.

Background: Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is an uncommon, benign, vasoproliferative cutaneous neoplasm with uncertain origin. It preferably affects middle-aged adults, manifesting as plum-colored pruritic papules, nodules and plaques, which can persist indefinitely, relapsing over time. Different response/resistance to various therapeutic modalities and frequent recurrences impose a great therapeutic dilemma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.110DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447327PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Association of lymphopenia and eosinophilia with dimethylfumarate treatment efficacy and tolerability in psoriasis: A retrospective study.

J Dermatolog Treat 2019 Apr 8:1-14. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

a Department of Dermatology , Máxima Medical Center Veldhoven , De Run 4600, P.O.Box 7777, 5500 MB , Veldhoven , The Netherlands.

Background Dimethylfumarate (DMF) is an effective treatment for psoriasis, which may cause side effects in a considerable group of patients. Alterations in white blood cell counts (WBC) may predict treatment success and the occurrence of side effects. Objectives To analyze WBC counts with respect to efficacy and the prevalence of side effects during DMF therapy for psoriasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09546634.2019.1605135DOI Listing

First report of metacercariae and resulting histopathological changes in from Lake Nasser, Egypt.

J Parasit Dis 2019 Mar 30;43(1):14-21. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

2Parasitology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Menoufia University, Shibin El Kom, Egypt.

Parasitological studies of 100 fish were collected from Lake Nasser, Aswan, Egypt. Out of them 75 were infected with metacercariae in two forms; encysted in most visceral organs and free only in air bladder. These were identified morphologically as minimum metacercariae (Strigeidida: Diplostomidae). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12639-018-1031-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423241PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Deep palmar tumorous conditions of the hand.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2019 May-Aug;27(2):2309499019840736

2 Hand Microsurgery Orthopaedics and Traumatology (EMOT) Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Purpose:: Deep palmar tumors of the hand are very rare, and reported cases are usually benign. The most important issue is frequent anatomical variations with challenging surgical exposure and excision of these lesions. Some case reports or a small series of patients have been reported in the literature. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2309499019840736
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2309499019840736DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Esophageal IgE, IgG4, and mucosal eosinophilia in individuals with dysphagia.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY.

Background: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an inflammatory disease of the esophagus, producing failure to thrive in infants and dysphagia with food impaction in older children and adults. Although most people with EoE manifest atopic/allergic disease, the specific allergens to which immunoglobulin E (IgE) is directed, if any, have not yet been characterized.

Methods: Mucosal brush biopsy (MBB) and solid tissue biopsy (STB) specimens were prospectively obtained from 25 individuals with dysphagia and suspicion of EoE. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/alr.22339
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/alr.22339DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Eosinophilia in acute myeloid leukemia: Overlooked and underexamined.

Blood Rev 2019 Mar 30. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Tisch Cancer Institute, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1079, New York, NY 10029, USA. Electronic address:

The presence of eosinophilia in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) suggests an underlying core binding factor (CBF) lesion, a platelet derived growth factor (PDGFR) translocation, or another rare translocation (such as ETV6-ABL1). Each of these cytogenetic entities carries unique diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications. CBF AML is most common and as such, its treatment is more clearly established, consisting of intensive induction chemotherapy followed by cytarabine based consolidation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.blre.2019.03.007DOI Listing

Pazopanib-Associated Drug Reaction With Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms Syndrome: A Case Report.

Am J Ther 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MJT.0000000000000840DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Diagnosis and surgical management of orbital sparganosis.

Eye (Lond) 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

The State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, 510060, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Purpose/background: Orbital sparganosis represents an extremely rare condition with only a few cases being reported in literature. Here we describe cases of orbital sparganosis, including their etiology, clinical findings, and surgical outcomes.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective review was performed on patients with orbital sparganosis, who were treated at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, of Sun Yat-sen University, China between 2000 and 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-019-0427-xDOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Hypereosinophilia in a patient with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer treated with antiprogrammed cell death 1 (anti-PD-1) therapy.

Immunotherapy 2019 May;11(7):577-584

Department of Immunology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA.

Immune checkpoint inhibitors have changed the treatment paradigm for patients with cancer. Though a majority of patients tolerate treatment, some develop hematologic toxicities, including eosinophilia. Eosinophilia has been associated with better responses in some patients with melanoma, but this has not been investigated in non-small-cell lung cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/imt-2018-0128DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Benralizumab for -Negative Hypereosinophilic Syndrome.

N Engl J Med 2019 04;380(14):1336-1346

From the Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases (F.L.K., F.L., M.M., J.W., L.W., T.B., T.M., B.P., P.Y., P.K., A.D.K.) and Biostatistics Research Branch (M.P.F.), National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the Digestive Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (H.A., S.K.), and the Laboratory of Pathology, National Cancer Institute (A.P., M.Q.), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Departments of Laboratory Medicine (J.H.E., X.S., I.M.) and Transfusion Medicine (S.R.P.), NIH Clinical Center, Bethesda, Washington Adventist Hospital, Takoma Park (T.M.), and MedImmune (N.L., R.K.) and AstraZeneca (P.N., M.G.), Gaithersburg - all in Maryland; the Department of Veteran Affairs, Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Chattanooga (J.H.E.); and MedImmune, South San Francisco, CA (L.Y.).

Background: Hypereosinophilic syndrome is a group of diseases defined by marked eosinophilia in blood or tissue and eosinophil-related clinical manifestations. Benralizumab is a monoclonal antibody against interleukin-5 receptor α, which is expressed on human eosinophils.

Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial, we administered a series of three monthly subcutaneous injections of either benralizumab (at a dose of 30 mg) or placebo in 20 symptomatic patients who had -negative hypereosinophilic syndrome and an absolute eosinophil count of at least 1000 cells per cubic millimeter; all the patients were receiving stable therapy (drugs or dietary changes) for this disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1812185DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads
55.873 Impact Factor

Cytokines and Chemokines as Biomarkers of Future Asthma.

Authors:
Andrew Bush

Front Pediatr 2019 19;7:72. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Departments of Paediatrics and Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton Harefield NHS Foundation Trust and Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.

Antenatal and preschool factors are key in determining the progression to pre-school wheeze and eosinophilic school age asthma. The conventional view of eosinophilic asthma is that airway inflammation is the fundamental underlying abnormality, and airway inflammation and hyper-responsiveness are secondary; in fact, these three are parallel processes. Very early structural changes, independent of inflammation and infection, are associated with early airway hyper-responsiveness and later adverse respiratory outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2019.00072DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434699PMC
March 2019
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Pathophysiological Mechanisms of Asthma.

Authors:
Andrew Bush

Front Pediatr 2019 19;7:68. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Departments of Paediatrics and Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton Harefield NHS Foundation Trust and Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.

The recent commission has highlighted that "asthma" should be used to describe a clinical syndrome of wheeze, breathlessness, chest tightness, and sometimes cough. The next step is to deconstruct the airway into components of fixed and variable airflow obstruction, inflammation, infection and altered cough reflex, setting the airway disease in the context of extra-pulmonary co-morbidities and social and environmental factors. The emphasis is always on delineating treatable traits, including variable airflow obstruction caused by airway smooth muscle constriction (treated with short- and long-acting β-2 agonists), eosinophilic airway inflammation (treated with inhaled corticosteroids) and chronic bacterial infection (treated with antibiotics with benefit if it is driving the disease). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fped.2019.00068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434661PMC
March 2019
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Safety and Efficacy of Mepolizumab in Patients with Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis.

Pulm Med 2019 3;2019:4376380. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Regional Neurological Associates, New York, USA.

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a rare form of vasculitis disorder which involves multiple organ systems and is characterized by asthma, pulmonary infiltrates, sinusitis, neuropathy, and peripheral eosinophilia. It also has an effect on the heart, skin, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract. Interlukin-5 (IL-5) is involved in maturation and activation of eosinophil, the production of which is increased in the EGPA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/4376380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421039PMC
March 2019
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Translation of inhaled drug optimization strategies into clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics using GSK2292767A, a novel inhaled PI3Kδ inhibitor.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

GSK

This study describes the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) profile of GSK2292767A, a novel low solubility inhaled PI3Kδ inhibitor developed as an alternative to nemiralisib, which is a highly soluble inhaled inhibitor of PI3Kδ with a lung profile consistent with once-daily dosing. GSK2292767A has a similar in vitro cellular profile to nemiralisib and reduces eosinophilia in a murine PD model by 63% (n=5, p<0.05). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/jpet.119.257311DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Predicting therapeutic response in IgG4-related disease based on cluster analysis.

Immunol Med 2018 Mar 3;41(1):30-33. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

a Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology , Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine , Sapporo , Japan.

To bring the clinical practice of immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) close to personalized medicine, we classified the patient groups and clarified the therapeutic responses of each group. A total of 147 patients enrolled in our registry were classified into four groups by cluster analysis with the software. The therapeutic responses and prognosis of each group were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09114300.2018.1451613DOI Listing
March 2018
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A Case Report of Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Caused by Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) Complicated by Iodine-Induced Thyrotoxicosis.

Diabetes Ther 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Endocrinology, Key Laboratory of Endocrinology of National Health and Family Planning Commission, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

A 46-year-old woman presented with rash, fever, lymphadenopathy, eosinophilia and liver dysfunction. She had been treated with ornidazole for facial rosacea 2 months previously. Two weeks following presentation, she developed diabetic ketoacidosis with exhausted beta islets (2 h postprandial laboratory values: glucose 22. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13300-019-0607-5DOI Listing
April 2019
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Correlation of tissue eosinophil count and chemosensory functions in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps after endoscopic sinus surgery.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing An Zhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: To investigate the correlation of tissue eosinophil count and chemosensory functions in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS).

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including 40 patients with a history of ESS for CRSwNP recruited consecutively. Visual analog scale score and the Lund-Kennedy endoscopic score were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05413-9DOI Listing
April 2019
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[Hypereosinophilic syndrome and other rheumatic diseases with hypereosinophilia].

Z Rheumatol 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Klinik für Innere Medizin I, Sektion Rheumatologie, Exzellenzzentrum Entzündungsmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Arnold-Heller-Str. 3, 24105, Kiel, Deutschland.

Among the eosinophilic diseases treated by rheumatologists other than eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, there are further organ-related and systemic diseases with hypereosinophilia. Only the exact differential diagnostic demarcation of the diseases enables a pathogenetic oriented treatment. This article focuses on the hypereosinophilic syndromes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00393-019-0623-xDOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia: clinical perspectives.

Ther Clin Risk Manag 2019 13;15:397-403. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Baylor Scott and White Medical Center, Temple, TX, USA,

Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) is an eosinophilic lung disease that is typically diagnosed by a triad of clinical symptoms including pulmonary symptoms, eosinophilia and characteristic radiographic abnormalities. It requires a high index of suspicion given its overlap with other eosinophilic conditions and lack of a specific diagnostic test. The diagnosis is made after careful consideration of other secondary causes of eosinophilia, such as infectious, drugs, or toxic etiologies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S157882DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6420789PMC
March 2019
3 Reads