2,157,020 results match your criteria Environmental science and pollution research international[Journal]


Association of Antenatal Depression with Clinical Subtypes of Preterm Birth.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective:  To estimate the association between antenatal depression and spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) relative to medically indicated preterm birth (MPTB).

Study Design:  This was a secondary analysis of a nested case-control study of preterm birth (PTB). The exposure was a clinical diagnosis of antenatal depression. Read More

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December 2018

Associations between Maternal Exposure to Bisphenol A or Triclosan and Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia: The MIREC Study.

Am J Perinatol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Research Center, CHU Sainte-Justine, Mother and Child University Hospital Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background:  Little is known about the association between bisphenol A (BPA) or triclosan (TCS) exposure and hypertension in pregnancy.

Objective:  To investigate potential associations between maternal urinary concentrations of BPA or TCS and gestational hypertension (GH) and preeclampsia.

Study Design:  Among 1,909 pregnant women participating in the maternal-infant research on environmental chemicals (MIREC) study, urinary concentrations of BPA and TCS were measured in the first trimester by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using isotope dilution. Read More

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December 2018

Examination of the complexation ability of different calixarene derivatives towards [223Ra]RaCl2 in a hospital radiopharmaceutical laboratory.

Nuklearmedizin 2018 Dec 14;57(6):242-246. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Aim: In this contribution we investigated the potential transfer of an established method for the synthesis of Ra-labelled calixarene complexes to a hospital radiopharmaceutical environment. For this purpose, commercially available [Ra]RaCl solution in pharmaceutical grade (Xofigo) was reacted with three calixarene derivatives.

Methods: A wellestablished two-phase extraction method using a two-phase solvent system was performed for complexation of the radium ions with calixarenes under slightly basic conditions. Read More

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December 2018

Polychaete mucopolysaccharide alters sediment microbial diversity and stimulates ammonia-oxidising functional groups.

FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB.

Sediment nitrogen cycling is a network of microbially-mediated biogeochemical processes that are vital in regulating ecosystem functioning. Mucopolysaccharides (mucus) are produced by many invertebrates and have the potential to be an important source of organic carbon and nitrogen to sediment microorganisms. At present, we have limited understanding of how mucopolysaccharide moderates total sediment microbial communities and specific microbial functional groups that drive nitrogen cycling processes. Read More

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December 2018
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Diet, Physical Activity, and Daylight Exposure Patterns in Night-Shift Workers and Day Workers.

Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), Division of Environmental Epidemiology (EEPI), Utrecht University, Yalelaan, CM Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Night-shift work has been reported to have an impact on nutrition, daylight exposure, and physical activity, which might play a role in observed health effects. Because these exposures show diurnal variation, and shift work has been related with disturbances in the circadian rhythm, the timing of assessment of these factors requires careful consideration. Our aim was to describe the changes in patterns of diet, physical activity, and daylight exposure associated with night-shift work. Read More

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December 2018

In vitro breeding: application of embryonic stem cells to animal production.

Biol Reprod 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis, CA.

Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are derived from the inner cell mass of preimplantation blastocysts. For decades, attempts to efficiently derive ESCs in animal livestock species have been unsuccessful, but this goal has recently been achieved in cattle. Together with the recent reconstitution of the germ cell differentiation processes from ESCs in mice, these achievements open new avenues for the development of promising technologies oriented toward improving health, animal production and the environment. Read More

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December 2018

A decision tree-based integrated testing strategy for tailor-made carcinogenicity evaluation of test substances using genotoxicity test results and chemical spaces.

Mutagenesis 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

R&D, Safety Science Research, Kao Corporation, Ichikai-Machi, Haga-Gun, Tochigi, Japan.

Genotoxicity evaluation has been widely used to estimate the carcinogenicity of test substances during safety evaluation. However, the latest strategies using genotoxicity tests give more weight to sensitivity; therefore, their accuracy has been very low. For precise carcinogenicity evaluation, we attempted to establish an integrated testing strategy for the tailor-made carcinogenicity evaluation of test materials, considering the relationships among genotoxicity test results (Ames, in vitro mammalian genotoxicity and in vivo micronucleus), carcinogenicity test results and chemical properties (molecular weight, logKow and 179 organic functional groups). Read More

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December 2018

Expostats: A Bayesian Toolkit to Aid the Interpretation of Occupational Exposure Measurements.

Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Interpretation of exposure measurements has evolved into a framework based on the lognormal distribution. Most available practical tools are based on traditional frequentist statistical procedures that do not satisfactorily account for censored data and are not amenable to simple probabilistic risk statements. Bayesian methods offer promising solutions to these challenges. Read More

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December 2018

Workplace Exposure to Nanoparticles during Thermal Spraying of Ceramic Coatings.

Ann Work Expo Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain.

Thermal spraying is widely used for industrial-scale application of ceramic coatings onto metallic surfaces. The particular process has implications for occupational health, as the high energy process generates high emissions of metal-bearing nanoparticles. Emissions and their impact on exposure were characterized during thermal spraying in a work environment, by monitoring size-resolved number and mass concentrations, lung-deposited surface area, particle morphology, and chemical composition. Read More

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December 2018

Limitations to using phloem sap to assess tree water and nutrient status.

Tree Physiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, The University of Sydney, Sydney NSW, Australia.

Rapid, reliable tools are needed to infer physiological and nutritional health for managing forest systems. Understanding the processes governing tree health is central to the development of these tools. Non-foliar approaches such as the collection of phloem sap reflect processes governing both the use and acquisition of plant water and nutrients at a wide range of temporal (diurnal to seasonal) and spatial (canopy) scales. Read More

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December 2018

Bacteriome-associated Wolbachia of the parthenogenetic termite Cavitermes tuberosus.

FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Evolutionary Biology & Ecology, Université libre de Bruxelles, Avenue F.D. Roosevelt 50, CP 160/12, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.

Wolbachia has deeply shaped the ecology and evolution of many arthropods, and interactions between the two partners are a continuum ranging from parasitism to mutualism. Non-dispersing queens of the termite Cavitermes tuberosus are parthenogenetically produced through gamete duplication, a mode of ploidy restoration generally induced by Wolbachia. These queens display a bacteriome-like structure in the anterior part of the mesenteron. Read More

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December 2018

Moderate water stress does not inhibit nitrogen remobilization, allowing fast growth in high nitrogen content Quercus variabilis seedlings under dry conditions.

Tree Physiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation, Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China.

Remobilization of stored nitrogen (N) plays an important role in the early growth of deciduous trees in spring. Several environmental factors can modulate N remobilization, but whether water stress is one such factors is unknown. This study analyzes how the size of N storage in Quercus variabilis Blume seedlings interacts with water stress to affect N remobilization, uptake and new growth. Read More

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December 2018

Why do current strategies for optimal nutritional therapy neglect the microbiome?

Nutrition 2018 Oct 5;60:100-105. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Surgery, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Strategies for providing optimal nutritional therapy have evolved over time, with the emphasis on specific directives (such as route, use of immunonutrition, high protein, organ-specific formulas, etc.), achieving variable degrees of success for improving outcomes in the intensive care unit. As the largest immune organ in the body comprising the largest interface between the host and the external environment, the gut can have an amplifying effect on a pattern of dysbiosis, immune dysregulation, and multiple organ failure seen in the critically ill patient. Read More

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October 2018

Coupling interaction between porous biochar and nano zero valent iron/nano α-hydroxyl iron oxide improves the remediation efficiency of cadmium in aqueous solution.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:493-503. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address:

Based on the interaction between mesoscopic biochar materials and nanomaterials, the synergistic mechanism of the two materials in the process of cadmium remediation was studied. KCO activated porous biochar (KBC) loaded with nano-zero-valent iron (nZVI)/nano-α-hydroxy-iron oxide (nHIO) was studied. Macroscopically, batch adsorption experiments were carried out to describe the adsorption properties of the composites. Read More

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December 2018

A multi-site approach to investigate the role of toxicity and confounding factors on plant bioassay results.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 3;219:482-492. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Bordeaux INP, G&E, EA 4592, F-33600, Pessac, France; Univ. Bordeaux Montaigne, G&E, EA 4592, F-33600, Pessac, France.

Development of organisms that live on contaminated soils depends on toxicity as well as several physical and chemical soil properties. We aimed to identify plant bioassays most responsive to contaminants and not to confounding factors due to soil type differences. We implemented a multi-site approach in seven contaminated sites and used different ordinary plant bioassays (fourteen-day-shoot biomass and five-day-root and shoot elongation). Read More

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December 2018

Field evaluation of sequential hand wipes for flame retardant exposure in an electronics recycling facility.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 5;219:472-481. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

College of William & Mary, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Department Aquatic Health Sciences, Gloucester Point, VA, USA.

Flame retardants have been associated with endocrine disorders, thyroid disruption, reproductive toxicity, and immunological interference. Through dismantling and recycling electronics and electric products, flame retardants can be released into the air and settle on work surfaces which may lead to dermal exposure. Hand wipe sampling is commonly used to evaluate dermal exposure. Read More

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December 2018

Significant inhibition of photosynthesis and respiration in leaves of Cucumis sativus L. by oxybenzone, an active ingredient in sunscreen.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 3;219:456-462. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, China; College of Life Sciences, Shandong Agricultural University, China. Electronic address:

Oxybenzone (OBZ), an active ingredient in most sunscreens, was recently shown to be toxic to humans, corals and other animals. This study is the first to demonstrate that OBZ can significantly inhibit photosynthesis and respiration in the leaves of a higher plant, cucumber. An OBZ suspension content as low as 0. Read More

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December 2018
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Application of an emulsified polycolloid substrate biobarrier to remediate petroleum-hydrocarbon contaminated groundwater.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 5;219:444-455. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Emulsified polycolloid substrate (EPS) was developed and applied in situ to form a biobarrier for the containment and enhanced bioremediation of a petroleum-hydrocarbon plume. EPS had a negative zeta potential (-35.7 mv), which promoted its even distribution after injection. Read More

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December 2018

Responses of propagule germination and sexual reproduction of submerged macrophytes exposed to cadmium.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 8;219:436-443. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430074, China; Hubei Key Laboratory of Wetland Evolution & Ecological Restoration, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430074, China. Electronic address:

Submerged macrophytes are considered the main primary producers in shallow lakes. Recently, they have experienced a decline due to increasing environmental impacts, e.g. Read More

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December 2018

High-performance carbon/MnO micromotors and their applications for pollutant removal.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:427-435. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Institute of Environmental Engineering, ETH Zurich, Schafmattstrasse 6, 8093, Zurich, Switzerland; Advanced Analytical Technologies Laboratory, EMPA, Überlandstrasse 129, 8600, Dübendorf, Switzerland. Electronic address:

The wide applications of particulate micromotors in practice, especially in the removal of environmental pollutants, have been limited by the low production yields and demand on high concentration of fuel such as HO. Carbon/MnO micromotors were made hydrothermally using different carbon allotropes including graphite, carbon nanotube (CNT), and graphene for treatment of methylene blue and toxic Ag ions. The obtained micromotors showed high speed of self-propulsion. Read More

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December 2018

Spatial distribution and source identification of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) on sedimentary microplastic in Hong Kong.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:418-426. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; State Key Laboratory in Marine Pollution, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Electronic address:

The spatial distribution, composition and source of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) including polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorinated pesticides (OCPs) of the sedimentary microplastics (0.25-5 mm) in Hong Kong were investigated. The concentration of ΣPAHs ranged between 70. Read More

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December 2018

Fluoroquinolones in agricultural soils: Multi-temporal variation and risks in Rio de Janeiro upland region.

Chemosphere 2018 Nov 27;219:409-417. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Laboratório de Radioisótopos, Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Carlos Chagas Filho s/n, Bloco G0, Sala 60, Subsolo, Rio de Janeiro, 21941-902, Brazil.

Our main goal was to investigate the potential accumulation of fluoroquinolones (FQs) in agricultural soils over extended periods of land use, predicting leaching and estimating risk quotients for soil microorganisms. Short to long-term of poultry litter fertilization (<1-30 years) were evaluated for enrofloxacin (ENR) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) input, in addition to the emergence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes. High FQs concentration (range 0. Read More

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November 2018

Fabrication of ploydopamine-kaolin supported Ag nanoparticles as effective catalyst for rapid dye decoloration.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:400-408. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University and Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha, 410082, PR China.

In this work, silver nanoparticles supported on polydopamine-kaolin composite (PDA-kaolin-Ag) was fabricated by an in-situ reduction method with PDA as both reductant and stabilizer. The morphology, composition, and structure of PDA-kaolin-Ag composite were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The catalytic reduction tests confirmed the importance of PDA modification and high catalytic activities of this as-prepared PDA-kaolin-Ag composite towards a model dye Rhodamine B. Read More

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December 2018
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Nitrogen transformation during pyrolysis of oilfield sludge with high polymer content.

Chemosphere 2018 Nov 27;219:383-389. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, PR China.

Oilfield sludge is recognized as a hazardous solid waste in China because of its considerable hydrocarbon content and other toxic components. In this study, the nitrogen transformation during pyrolysis of typical oil sludge samples produced in the Daqing oilfield (the largest oilfield in China), was experimentally investigated. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and thermos gravimetric (TG) were used in laboratory-scale experiments and batch pyrolysis experiments were conducted at 200-800 °C in a tubular reactor to obtain quantitative information on the change of nitrogen conversion in the char, tar, and gas fractions. Read More

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November 2018

Metals geochemistry and ecological risk assessment in a tropical mangrove (Can Gio, Vietnam).

Chemosphere 2018 Nov 30;219:365-382. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Science, Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam; Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Food Technology, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Viet Nam.

Mangrove sediments act as natural biogeochemical reactors, modifying metals partitioning after their deposition. The objectives of the present study were: to determine distribution and partitioning of metals (Fe, Mn, Ni, Cr, Cu, Co and As) in sediments and pore-waters of Can Gio Mangrove; and to assess their ecological risks based on Risk Assessment Code. Three cores were collected within a mudflat, beneath Avicennia alba and Rhizophora apiculata stands. Read More

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November 2018

Identification of biofilm formation and exoelectrogenic population structure and function with graphene/polyanliline modified anode in microbial fuel cell.

Chemosphere 2018 Nov 30;219:358-364. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resources and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150090, China; Key Laboratory of Environmental Biotechnology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, PR China. Electronic address:

Improving anode configuration with polymer or nanomaterial modification is promising for enhancing microbial fuel cell performance. However, how anode modification affects biofilm development and electrogenic function remains poorly understood. In this study, the carbon cloth anode modified with polyaniline and reduced graphene oxide was successfully fabricated which obtained the highest power output. Read More

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November 2018

Competitive adsorption of heavy metals in aqueous solution onto biochar derived from anaerobically digested sludge.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 7;219:351-357. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, PR China. Electronic address:

Heavy metals often coexist in contaminated wastewater systems and their competitive behavior could affect the adsorption capacity of biochar. Till now, the competitive adsorption of heavy metals by biochar derived from anaerobically digested sludge has never been reported. In this work, biochar from anaerobically digested sludge was synthesized and characterized to explore the competitive behavior of widely co-existed Pb(II) and Cd(II). Read More

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December 2018

Crop-dependent changes in water absorption of expanded polystyrene in soil environments.

Chemosphere 2018 Dec 8;219:345-350. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Environmental Health Science, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 05029, South Korea. Electronic address:

As expanded polystyrene (EPS) has been utilized in soil environments, there is a need to understand interactions between chemical adsorption and the soil system. We conducted a plant bioassay using agricultural crops in a soil system containing a macro-sized EPS (8.3 ± 0. Read More

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December 2018

Cyclodextrin-enhanced 1,4-dioxane treatment kinetics with TCE and 1,1,1-TCA using aqueous ozone.

Chemosphere 2018 Nov 29;219:335-344. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Water Science and Management Program, New Mexico State University, MSC 3Q P.O. Box 30003, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA; Plant & Environmental Science, New Mexico State University, MSC 3Q P.O. Box 30003, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA. Electronic address:

Enhanced reactivity of aqueous ozone (O) with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) and its impact on relative reactivity of O with contaminants were evaluated herein. Oxidation kinetics of 1,4-dioxane, trichloroethylene (TCE), and 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCA) using O in single and multiple contaminant systems, with and without HPβCD, were quantified. 1,4-Dioxane decay rate constants for O in the presence of HPβCD increased compared to those without HPβCD. Read More

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November 2018

The growth impairment of salinized fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) plants is associated to changes in the hormonal balance.

J Plant Physiol 2018 Nov 20;232:311-319. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Laboratory of Biology and Physiology of Organisms, BP 32, 16111, El Alia, Algeria.

Fenugreek is a legume cultivated for its medicinal value, especially in arid and semi-arid regions, where soil salinity is an increasing problem. In fact, salinity is one of the major environmental factors limiting plant growth and productivity. Plant hormones are known to play vital roles in the ability of the plants to acclimatize to varying environments by mediating growth, development, and nutrient allocation. Read More

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November 2018

Preliminary investigation of Rn in the Yakumo Wind-hole, an algific talus deposits, from Izumo, southwest Honshu, Japan.

J Environ Radioact 2018 Dec 11;197:109-115. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Mutsu Marine Laboratory, Japan Marine Science Foundation, Minato, Mutsu, Aomori, 035-0064, Japan. Electronic address:

The Yakumo Wind-hole in southwest Japan formed by landslip, and it is known as a cold air blowhole. This wind-hole consists of two parts, which have complementary relationships in regard to the flow of air, namely, topographically upper and lower holes that can be characterized as a warm wind-hole (WWH) and cold wind-hole (CWH), respectively. We carried out a preliminary investigation of radon behavior in the Yakumo Wind-hole. Read More

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December 2018

Biomechanical testing of a polycarbonate-urethane-based dynamic instrumentation system under physiological conditions.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2018 Dec 6;61:112-119. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

University of Cologne, Centre for Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Germany.

Background: Posterior dynamic stabilization systems are developed to maintain the healthy biomechanics of the spine while providing stabilization. Numerous dynamic systems incorporate polycarbonate urethane with temperature- and moisture-dependent material properties. In the underlying study, a novel test rig is used to evaluate the biomechanical performance of a system containing polycarbonate urethane. Read More

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December 2018

Enhancement of excess sludge hydrolysis and decomposition with different lysozyme dosage.

J Hazard Mater 2018 Dec 3;366:395-401. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China.

The performance of the lysozyme catalysis on excess sludge (ES) hydrolysis and decomposition was investigated in this study. For this purpose, the release of soluble organic matters from sludge flocs, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) changes in composition and distribution and the quantity variations of microorganisms were monitored. Results indicated that lysozyme boosted the ES hydrolysis significantly with approximately 236. Read More

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December 2018

Immunosuppression, oxidative stress, and glycometabolism disorder caused by cadmium in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.): Application of transcriptome analysis in risk assessment of environmental contaminant cadmium.

J Hazard Mater 2018 Dec 5;366:386-394. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, PR China. Electronic address:

Cadmium (Cd), a hazardous environmental contaminant with irreversible toxicity to fish, has been detected in aquatic environment of many countries. The common carp is one of the most widely distributed fish in the world, so we used common carp to assess environmental contaminant risk. In present study, we investigated effects of Cd on immune function, oxidative defense, and glycometabolism in the spleens of common carp by transcriptome analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Computational conformational analysis of α-thrombin inhibitors possessing distinct scaffolds in aqueous solution and on Ala-sheet.

Authors:
Keigo Gohda

J Mol Graph Model 2018 Dec 3;87:165-171. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Computer-aided Molecular Modeling Research Center, Kansai (CAMM-Kansai), 3-32-302, Tsuto-Otsuka, Nishinomiya, 663-8241, Japan. Electronic address:

Recent computational simulations on protein-ligand binding/unbinding have precisely been uncovering the ligand-binding process at the atomic level. In the process, the non-specific binding of ligands to the target site is suggested to occur before binding to the target. We in this study analyzed the conformations of ligands under the non-specific binding on a protein surface to figure out the differences in the conformational characteristics in aqueous solution using the 55-ns molecular dynamic simulation. Read More

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December 2018

Investigating the physiological mechanisms underlying Salicornia ramosissima response to atmospheric CO enrichment under coexistence of prolonged soil flooding and saline excess.

Plant Physiol Biochem 2018 Dec 6;135:149-159. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Departamento de Biología Vegetal y Ecología, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Sevilla, 1095, 41080, Sevilla, Spain.

A 45-days long climatic chamber experiment was design to evaluate the effect of 400 and 700 ppm atmospheric CO treatments with and without soil water logging in combination with 171 and 510 mM NaCl in the halophyte Salicornia ramosissima. In order to ascertain the possible synergetic impact of these factors associate to climatic change in this plant species physiological and growth responses. Our results indicated that elevated atmospheric CO concentration improved plant physiological performance under suboptimal root-flooding and saline conditions plants. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of drivers' psychological risk profiles on the effectiveness of traffic calming measures.

Accid Anal Prev 2018 Dec 11;123:243-255. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Surgical, Medical and Molecular Pathology and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Paradisa 2, 56126, Pisa, Italy.

Road traffic injuries represent a serious public health problem and are one of leading cause of death, injury and disability around the world. Road accidents are often caused by an accumulation of factors; however, drivers appear to be by far the most decisive one. The driver's behaviour is complex and depends on reflex (or involuntary) and voluntary driving actions. Read More

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December 2018

Long-term residential exposure to PM, PM, black carbon, NO, and ozone and mortality in a Danish cohort.

Environ Int 2018 Dec 11;123:265-272. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Strandboulevarden 49, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark; Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 358, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark. Electronic address:

Air pollutants such as NO and PM have consistently been linked to mortality, but only few previous studies have addressed associations with long-term exposure to black carbon (BC) and ozone (O). We investigated the association between PM, PM, BC, NO, and O and mortality in a Danish cohort of 49,564 individuals who were followed up from enrollment in 1993-1997 through 2015. Residential address history from 1979 onwards was combined with air pollution exposure obtained by the state-of-the-art, validated, THOR/AirGIS air pollution modelling system, and information on residential traffic noise exposure, lifestyle and socio-demography. Read More

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December 2018

Piloting a practice model in a Norwegian nursing home- A student-managed ward: A way to empower students for the nursing role.

Nurse Educ Pract 2018 Nov 29;34:161-166. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway; Health Services Research Unit, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.

This paper focuses on the experiences of nursing students on a student-managed ward, the purpose of which was to empower students for the nursing role. Five nursing students operated and managed a nursing home ward for eight weeks during their final year of nursing education. The students claimed that a group of five students was beneficial. Read More

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November 2018

Identification of the full 26 cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes and analysis of their expression in response to benzo[α]pyrene in the marine rotifer Brachionus rotundiformis.

Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics 2018 Dec 4;29:185-192. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Biological Science, College of Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, South Korea. Electronic address:

Cytochrome P450s (CYPs) are a large gene superfamily that are found in all living organisms. CYPs have a key role in detoxification of xenobiotics and endogenous chemicals. Although aquatic invertebrate CYPs and their detoxification mechanisms have been reported, little is known about interspecific comparison of CYPs and their detoxification mechanism in the rotifer Brachionus spp. Read More

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December 2018

Dynamics of fungal diversity and interactions with environmental elements in response to wheat straw biochar amended poultry manure composting.

Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 8;274:410-417. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery, University of Borås, 50190 Borås, Sweden.

The fungal dynamics and its correlation with physicochemical and gaseous emission were investigated using metagenomics and Heat map illustrator (HEMI). Five different concentrations of wheat straw biochar (WSB) were applied to poultry manure (PM) and composted for 50 days; those without the WSB treatment were used as a control. The results revealed the dominant phyla to be Chytridiomycota, Mucoromycota, Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, while Batrachochytrium, Rhizophagus, Mucor, and Puccinia were the superior genera. Read More

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December 2018

Development of methanogens within cathodic biofilm in the single-chamber microbial electrolysis cell.

Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 3;274:403-409. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Remediation Technology, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China.

The aim of this study was to investigate the development of cathodic biofilm and its effect on methane production in a single-chamber microbial electrolysis cell (MEC). The MEC with 1 g/L acetate was successfully operated within 31 cycles (∼2400 h). The maximum methane production rate and average current capture efficiency in the MEC reached 93 L/m·d and 82%, respectively. Read More

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December 2018

Synergy of partial-denitrification and anammox in continuously fed upflow sludge blanket reactor for simultaneous nitrate and ammonia removal at room temperature.

Bioresour Technol 2018 Dec 5;274:386-394. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

National Engineering Laboratory for Advanced Municipal Wastewater Treatment and Reuse Technology, Engineering Research Center of Beijing, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China. Electronic address:

In this study, the synergy of high nitrite (NO-N) accumulated partial-denitrification (PD) and anammox in a continuously fed upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor was verified for simultaneous nitrate (NO-N) and ammonia (NH-N) removal. A 225-days operation demonstrated that the relatively low total nitrogen (TN) concentration of 6.56 mg/L in effluent could be achieved with influent NH-N and NO-N both of 30 mg/L, resulting in a high TN removal of 89. Read More

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December 2018

Sedimentary archive of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and perylene sources in the northern part of Taihu Lake, China.

Environ Pollut 2018 Dec 5;246:198-206. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Institute of Applied Geosciences, Technical University of Darmstadt, Schnittspahnstrasse 9, 64287, Darmstadt, Germany; IWW Water Centre, Moritzstrasse 26, 45476, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany. Electronic address:

In the present work, we analyzed the concentration patterns of 20 Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in 25 surface sediments and 11 sediment cores from the northern part of Taihu Lake, China. Three of the cores were dated based on Cs activity for the deposition age of the sediment. The spatial distributions of the PAH concentrations show that the inflow rivers into Zhushan Bay and Meiliang Bay were the main pathway for PAHs and sediment input to the northern part of the lake. Read More

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December 2018

B cell and B cell-related pathways for novel cancer treatments.

Cancer Treat Rev 2018 Dec 3;73:10-19. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Division of Medical Oncology, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 1441 Eastlake Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90033, United States.

B cells are recognized as the main effector cells of humoral immunity which suppress tumor progression by secreting immunoglobulins, promoting T cell response, and killing cancer cells directly. Given these properties, their anti-tumor immune response in the tumor micro-environment (TME) is of great interest. Although T cell-related immune responses have become a therapeutic target with the introduction of immune checkpoint inhibitors, not all patients benefit from these treatments. Read More

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December 2018

Signal enhanced proteomics: a biological perspective on dissecting the functional organisation of cell proteomes.

Curr Opin Chem Biol 2018 Dec 11;48:114-122. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Laboratory of Quantitative Proteomics, Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, DD1 5EH, UK. Electronic address:

Proteomes are highly dynamic and can respond rapidly to environmental and cellular signals. Within cells, proteins often form distinct pools with different functions and properties. However, in quantitative proteomics studies it is common to measure averaged values for proteins that do not reflect variations that may occur between different protein isoforms, different subcellular compartments, or in cells at different cell cycle stages and so on. Read More

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December 2018

Odorous compounds sources and transport from a swine deep-pit finishing operation: A case study.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 11;233:12-23. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

USDA Agricultural Research Service, National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment, 1015 N. University Boulevard, Ames, IA, 50011, United States.

Odor emissions from swine finishing operations are an air quality issue that affects residents at the local level. A study was conducted at a commercial swine deep-pit finishing operation in central Iowa to monitor odorous compounds emitted and transported offsite. Gaseous compounds were sampled using either sorbent tubes or canisters with GC/MS analysis, and particulates matter (PM) were sampled with high volume samplers and thermally extracted onto sorbent tubes for GC/MS analysis. Read More

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December 2018

Can catchment-scale urban stormwater management measures benefit the stream hydraulic environment?

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 11;233:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Waterway Ecosystem Research Group, School of Ecosystem and Forest Science, The University of Melbourne, Burnley, Victoria, 3121, Australia.

The potential for catchment-scale stormwater control measures (SCMs) to mitigate the impact of stormwater runoff issues and excess stormwater volume is increasingly recognised. There is, however, limited understanding about their potential in reducing in-channel disturbance and improving hydraulic conditions for stream ecosystem benefits. This study investigates the benefits that SCM application in a catchment have on in-stream hydraulics. Read More

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December 2018

Ln(III) chelates-functionalized carbon quantum dots: Synthesis, optical studies and multimodal bioimaging applications.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2018 Nov 22;175:272-280. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental and Biological Analysis and Department of Chemistry, Hong Kong Baptist University, Waterloo Road, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address:

The carbon quantum dots termined with amine groups (CQDs-NH) were synthesized in one-pot hydrothermal method with citric acid as carbon source and branched polyethylenimine (BPEI) as passive agent, which was then covalently linked to 1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclononane (DOTA) framework to yield CQDs-DOTA. The CQDs-DOTA provide excellent ligand scaffolds for the chelation of lanthanide ions, yielding the related complexes CQDs-DOTA-Ln (Ln = Eu, Tb, Yb and Gd). The successful preparation of CQDs-DOTA-Ln was validated by TEM, XRD, XPS, and FT-IR spectroscopy. Read More

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November 2018
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