6,784 results match your criteria Environmental research[Journal]


Microbial species and biodiversity in settling dust within and between pig farms.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 6;171:558-567. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

The National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. Electronic address:

The airborne fungal and bacterial species present in pig farm dust have not been well characterised even though these bioaerosols are known to cause inflammation and other airway maladies. In this study, the microbial species and composition in airborne dust within and between pig farms were investigated. Passively sedimenting dust from six pig farms were collected using electrostatic dust collectors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019

Comparison of TSNAs concentration in saliva according to type of tobacco smoked.

Environ Res 2018 Dec 6;172:73-80. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Group of Evaluation of Health Determinants and Health Policies, Department of Basic Sciences, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Carrer de Josep Trueta s/n, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain; Tobacco Control Unit, Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Institut Català d'Oncologia, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Cancer Prevention and Control Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge - IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) measured in saliva according to different types of tobacco smoked in a sample of smokers of the city of Barcelona (Spain).

Methods: We used data from a cross-sectional study of a sample of the adult smoking population of Barcelona, Spain in 2013-2014 (n = 165). We classified smokers in five groups according to the type of tobacco smoked: a) manufactured cigarettes only, b) roll-your-own (RYO) cigarettes only, c) dual smokers (both manufactured and RYO cigarettes), d) manufactured plus other types of tobacco products different from RYO and e) other types of tobacco products different from manufactured and RYO cigarettes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.006DOI Listing
December 2018

Towards a fuller assessment of benefits to children's health of reducing air pollution and mitigating climate change due to fossil fuel combustion.

Environ Res 2018 Dec 12;172:55-72. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Abt Associates, Boulder, CO, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Fossil fuel combustion by-products, including particulate matter (PM), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), nitrogen dioxide (NO) and carbon dioxide (CO), are a significant threat to children's health and equality. Various policies to reduce emissions have been implemented to reduce air pollution and mitigate climate change, with sizeable estimated health and economic benefits. However, only a few adverse outcomes in children have been considered, resulting in an undercounting of the benefits to this vulnerable population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.016DOI Listing
December 2018

Application of EDTA modified FeO/sawdust carbon nanocomposites to ameliorate methylene blue and brilliant green dye laden water.

Environ Res 2019 Feb 2;172:43-54. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar 125001, India; Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda 151001, Punjab, India. Electronic address:

This work explored the potential of magnetic sawdust carbon nanocomposites for cationic dyes removal from aqueous medium. EDTA modified magnetic sawdust carbon nanocomposites (EDTA@FeO/SC ncs) were prepared by biogenic green reduction and precipitation approach. The surface properties, structure and composition of nanocomposites were characterized by HRTEM, FESEM, XRD, EDX, BET, FTIR etc. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00139351193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019
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Antibacterial application of covalently immobilized photosensitizers on a surface.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 3;172:34-42. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea; KU-KIST Graduate School of Converging Science and Technology, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Singlet oxygen produced by irradiating photosensitizers (PSs) can be used to kill pathogens during water treatment. Chemical immobilization of the PSs on surfaces can maintain their disinfection function long-term. In this study, two model PSs (rose bengal (RB) and hematoporphyrin (HP)) were immobilized on a glass surface using a silane coupling agent with an epoxide group, and their antibacterial properties were analyzed. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00139351193000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.002DOI Listing
January 2019
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Health-risk perception and its mediating effect on protective behavioral adaptation to heat waves.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 4;172:27-33. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

National Institute of Environmental Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Ensuring spontaneously adjusting behaviors of the public in their daily life in response to heat waves is an important aspect of successful public health intervention under climate change. However, the current response behavior guidance released by the government is insufficient because of the limited understanding of public perceptions of heat-related risk and the motivating factors for the public's diverse adaptive behaviors. Here, we conducted a survey on the behavioral adaptations of 3065 urban residents in response to heat waves in Jinan, which is a typical city suffering from a hot climate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.006DOI Listing
January 2019

Geospatial analyses of adverse birth outcomes in Southwestern Ontario: Examining the impact of environmental factors.

Environ Res 2018 Dec 31;172:18-26. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Paediatrics, Western University, 800 Commissioners Road East, London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 5W9; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, 1151 Richmond Street, London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 5C1; Children's Health Research Institute, 800 Commissioners Road East, London, Ontario, Canada, N6C 2V5; Lawson Health Research Institute, 750 Base Line Road East, London, Ontario, Canada, N6C 2R5; Human Environments Analysis Laboratory, Western University, 1151 Richmond Street, London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 3K7; Department of Geography, Western University, 1151 Richmond Street, London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 5C2; School of Health Studies, Western University, 1151 Richmond Street, London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 3K7. Electronic address:

Background: A growing body of research has examined the association between exposure to environmental factors during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes; however, many studies do not control for potential covariates and findings vary considerably.

Objective: To test the relative influence of environmental factors including exposure to air pollution, major roads, highways, industry, parks, greenspaces, and food retailers on low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB) in Southwestern Ontario (SWO), Canada, while accounting for medical (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.068DOI Listing
December 2018

Assessment of endocrine-disrupting activities of alternative chemicals for bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate.

Environ Res 2019 Feb 2;172:10-17. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Integrative Bioscience and Biothecnology, College of Life Science, Sejong University, Kwangjingu, Kunjadong, Seoul 143-747, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Plastic products are closely intertwined with modern life. Some plasticizers used in making plastics, such as phthalates, are reported to be endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Plasticizers can be released into the environment, and health risks related to plasticizer exposure have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Regulating particle number measurements from the tailpipe of light-duty vehicles: The next step?

Environ Res 2019 Feb 7;172:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

European Commission, Joint Research Centre, 21027 Ispra, VA, Italy.

Light-duty vehicle emission regulation in the European Union requires the dilution of the whole exhaust in a dilution tunnel with constant volume sampling prior to emission measurements. This methodology avoids measurement uncertainties associated with direct raw exhaust emission measurements from the tailpipe, such as exhaust flow determination, exhaust flow pressure pulsations, differences in the response time between exhaust flow and instrument signals, or their misalignment. Transfer tubes connecting the tailpipe to the dilution tunnel of different lengths, and mixing of the exhaust gas with the dilution air in the dilution tunnel may increase differences in measurements performed at different facilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Organic diet intervention significantly reduces urinary pesticide levels in U.S. children and adults.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Friends of the Earth U.S., 2150 Allston Way Suite 360, Berkeley, CA 94704, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Previous diet intervention studies indicate that an organic diet can reduce urinary pesticide metabolite excretion; however, they have largely focused on organophosphate (OP) pesticides. Knowledge gaps exist regarding the impact of an organic diet on exposure to other pesticides, including pyrethroids and neonicotinoids, which are increasing in use in the United States and globally.

Objective: To investigate the impact of an organic diet intervention on levels of insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides or their metabolites in urine collected from adults and children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.024DOI Listing
January 2019

Biodurability and release of metals during the dissolution of chrysotile, crocidolite and fibrous erionite.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 8;171:550-557. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Engineering "Enzo Ferrari", The University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Vivarelli 10, I-41125 Modena, Italy.

Background: The mechanisms by which mineral fibers induce adverse effects in vivo are still not well understood. The mechanisms of fiber dissolution in the lungs and subsequent release of metals in the extracellular/intracellular environment must be taken into account.

Aim: For the first time, the kinetics of release of metals during the acellular in vitro dissolution of chrysotile, crocidolite and fibrous erionite were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.011DOI Listing
January 2019

Preventing legionellosis outbreaks by a quick detection of airborne Legionella pneumophila.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 15;171:546-549. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (ETSII-UPM), C/José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, E-28006 Madrid, Spain; Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha (FF-UCLM), Avda. del Dr. José María Sánchez Ibáñez, s/n, E-02071 Albacete, Spain. Electronic address:

Legionellosis is a severe pneumonic infection caused by inhaling bacteria of the genus Legionella. Most cases reported in the USA and Europe are associated with the species Legionella pneumophila. This Gram-negative bacterium can survive within a wide spectrum of temperatures, and be transmitted via aerosols from multiple aquatic sources: fountains, thermal spas and other water systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.032DOI Listing
January 2019

Differential DNA methylation in newborns with maternal exposure to heavy metals from an e-waste recycling area.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 6;171:536-545. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Laboratory of Environmental Medicine and Developmental Toxicology, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong, China; Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

This study explored the effects of maternal exposure to e-waste environmental heavy metals on neonatal DNA methylation patterns. Neonatal umbilical cord blood (UCB) samples were collected from participants that resided in an e-waste recycling area, Guiyu and a nearby non-e-waste area, Haojiang in China. The concentrations of UCB lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), manganese (Mn) and chromium (Cr) were measured by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.007DOI Listing
January 2019

Childhood leukemia risk in the California Power Line Study: Magnetic fields versus distance from power lines.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 11;171:530-535. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, 650 Charles E. Young Drive South, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. Electronic address:

Pooled analyses have suggested a small increased risk of childhood leukemia associated with distance and with exposure to high magnetic fields from power transmission lines. Because magnetic fields are correlated with distance from lines, the question of whether the risk is due to magnetic fields exposure or to some other factor associated with distance from lines is unresolved. We used data from a large records-based case-control study to examine several research questions formulated to disentangle the relationships among magnetic fields, distance from high voltage lines, and childhood leukemia risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.022DOI Listing
January 2019

Prenatal exposure to mercury in relation to infant infections and respiratory symptoms in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 11;171:523-529. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Center at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Mechanistic studies support the potential for mercury (Hg) to alter immunity, including via in utero exposure. As yet, there are few prospective studies of in utero Hg exposure and subsequent immune-related outcomes, especially in infancy.

Objectives: We investigated the association of biomarkers of prenatal Hg exposure and maternal silver-mercury dental amalgams with the occurrence of infant allergy, respiratory infection, and respiratory symptoms in the first year of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.026DOI Listing
January 2019
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In vitro evaluation of organic extractable matter from ambient PM using human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells: Cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory response, genotoxicity, and cell cycle deregulation.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 31;171:510-522. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, EA4483-IMPacts de l'Environnement Chimique sur la Santé Humaine (IMPECS), Univ. Lille, Lille, France. Electronic address:

A particular attention has been devoted to the type of toxicological responses induced by particulate matter (PM), since their knowledge is greatly complicated by the fact that it is a heterogeneous and often poorly described pollutant. However, despite intensive research effort, there is still a lack of knowledge about the specific chemical fraction of PM, which could be mainly responsible of its adverse health effects. We sought also to better investigate the toxicological effects of organic extractable matter (OEM) in normal human bronchial epithelial lung BEAS-2B cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.052DOI Listing
January 2019

Disturbance of trace element and gut microbiota profiles as indicators of autism spectrum disorder: A pilot study of Chinese children.

Environ Res 2019 Feb 5;171:501-509. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu, PR China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; National Engineering Research Center for Functional Food, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; Beijing Innovation Centre of Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University (BTBU), Beijing 100048, PR China. Electronic address:

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuro-developmental disorder that is characterized by impairments of reciprocal social interaction and restricted stereotyped repetitive behavior. The goal of the present study was to investigate the trace element and gut microbiota profiles of Chinese autistic children and screen out potential metallic or microbial indicators of the disease. One hundred and thirty-six children (78 with ASD and 58 healthy controls) aged from 3 to 7 years were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.060DOI Listing
February 2019
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Human exposures to rare earth elements: Present knowledge and research prospects.

Environ Res 2019 Feb 4;171:493-500. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Federico II Naples University, Department of Chemical Sciences, via Cinthia, I-80126 Naples, Italy.

The extensive use of rare earth elements (REEs) in a number of technologies is expected to impact on human health, including occupational and environmental REE exposures. A body of experimental evidence on REE-associated toxicity has been accumulated in recent decades, thus providing extensive background information on the adverse effects of REE exposures. Unlike experimental studies, the consequences of REE exposures to human health have been subjected to relatively fewer investigations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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Effects of calcium supplementation on oxidative status and oxidative damage in great tit nestlings inhabiting a metal-polluted area.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 29;171:484-492. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland.

Calcium has been proposed to diminish metal toxicity by the modulation of the oxidative stress. This study explores the effects of Ca availability and metal exposure on oxidative stress biomarkers in great tit (Parus major) nestlings. Nests were supplemented with Ca (Ca-supplemented group) or not supplemented (Control group) in a metal-polluted and a background zone in SW Finland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.047DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Soil erosion as a source of sediment and phosphorus in rivers and reservoirs - Watershed analyses using WaTEM/SEDEM.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 28;171:470-483. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Landscape Water Conservation, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Thakurova 7, Prague 16629, Czech Republic.

Spatially distributed modelling of sediment and phosphorus fluxes on a scale of thousands of square kilometers always involves a compromise between the quality of the data input and the complexity of the model that can be applied. WaTEM/SEDEM offers an approach that allows us to target on spatially focused outputs that can easily be implemented in the decision-making process for effective watershed control. The results for a study area covering the watersheds of 58 large reservoirs threatened by eutrophication within the Czech Republic are presented here as an example of the available analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.044DOI Listing
January 2019
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The derivation of a Reference Dose (RfD) for perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) based on immune suppression.

Environ Res 2018 Aug 8;171:452-469. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Bureau for Risk Analysis, Division of Science, Research and Environmental Health, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Trenton, NJ, USA. Electronic address:

Exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is ubiquitous in populations and environments worldwide. Its long half-life in humans, indefinite persistence in the environment, and awareness of its widespread presence in drinking water make the human health assessment of PFOS a priority. While developmental, endocrine, and hepatic effects, and increased serum cholesterol are among the outcomes resulting from PFOS exposure, immunosuppression has also consistently emerged as an adverse effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.08.004DOI Listing

In utero metal exposures measured in deciduous teeth and birth outcomes in a racially-diverse urban cohort.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 31;171:444-451. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Senator Frank R Lautenberg Environmental Health Sciences Laboratory, Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, Division of Environmental Health, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City, New York, USA. Electronic address:

A growing number of studies have examined associations of metal exposures with birth outcomes, however, results from these studies have been inconsistent, and hampered by methodological limitations. We measured direct fetal exposure to three metals (lead, manganese and zinc) during the second and third trimester and examined its association with birth weight and gestational age at delivery. Participants in the Wayne County Health, Environment, Allergy and Asthma Longitudinal Study (WHEALS), a population-based birth cohort established between September 2003 and December 2007, were invited to donate teeth to the study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00139351193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.054DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Enhancement of androgen transcriptional activation assay based on genome edited glucocorticoid knock out human prostate cancer cell line.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 11;171:437-443. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Dongguk University, Goyang 10326, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) interfere with the biological activity of hormones. Among EDC's, (anti-)androgenic compounds potentially cause several androgen-related diseases. To improve the accuracy of an in vitro transactivation assay (TA) for detection of (anti-)androgenic compounds, We established the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) knockout 22Rv1/MMTV cell line by using an RNA-guided engineered nuclease (RGEN)-derived CRISPR/Cas system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.027DOI Listing
January 2019

Effect of phosphate concentration, anions, heavy metals, and organic matter on phosphate adsorption from wastewater using anodized iron oxide nanoflakes.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 31;171:428-436. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 04763, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Phosphorus is a necessary nutrient for the growth and survival of living beings. Nevertheless, an oversupply of phosphorus in wastewater results in eutrophication. Therefore, its removal from wastewater is important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.055DOI Listing
January 2019

Prenatal and childhood exposure to phthalates and motor skills at age 11 years.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 29;171:416-427. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 West 168th street, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Previous reports suggest that prenatal phthalate exposure is associated with lower scores on measures of motor skills in infants and toddlers. Whether these associations persist into later childhood or preadolescence has not been studied.

Methods: In a follow up study of 209 inner-city mothers and their children the concentrations of mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP), monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP), monoisobutyl phthalate (MiBP), monomethyl phthalate (MEP), mono-carboxy-isooctyl phthalate (MCOP), and four di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate metabolites (ΣDEHP) were measured in spot urine sample collected from the women in late pregnancy and from their children at ages 3, 5, and 7 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.046DOI Listing
January 2019

Assessing spatial variability of extreme hot weather conditions in Hong Kong: A land use regression approach.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 28;171:403-415. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Hong Kong Observatory, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.

The number of extreme hot weather events have considerably increased in Hong Kong in the recent decades. The complex urban context of Hong Kong leads to a significant intra-urban spatial variability in climate. Under such circumstance, a spatial understanding of extreme hot weather condition is urgently needed for heat risk prevention and public health actions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.041DOI Listing
January 2019

Development of an advanced electrochemical biosensing platform for E. coli using hybrid metal-organic framework/polyaniline composite.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 30;171:395-402. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

CSIR-Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (CSIR-CSIO), Sector 30C, Chandigarh 160030, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, CSIO-AcSIR, Sector 30C, Chandigarh 160030, India. Electronic address:

Because of numerous merits (e.g., the possibility of their synthesis in 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D forms, large surface-to-volume ratio, and flexible framework functionality), metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are envisaged as excellent media for the development of biosensors for diverse analytes present in environmental media. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.049DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
4.373 Impact Factor

Environmental ototoxicants, a potential new class of chemical stressors.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 26;171:378-394. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Slovak Medical University, Faculty of Public Health, Department of Environmental Medicine, Limbova 12, 83303 Bratislava, Slovakia. Electronic address:

Hearing loss is an injury that can develop over time, and people may not even be aware of it until it becomes a severe disability. Ototoxicants are substances that may damage the inner ear by either affecting the structures in the ear itself or by affecting the nervous system. We have examined the possibility that ototoxicants may present a health hazard in association with environmental exposures, adding to existing knowledge of their proven hazards under medical therapeutic conditions or occupational activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.042DOI Listing
January 2019

Exposure to natural space, sense of community belonging, and adverse mental health outcomes across an urban region.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 25;171:365-377. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

School of Population & Public Health, 2206 E Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z9, Canada.

In a rapidly urbanizing world, identifying evidence-based strategies to support healthy design is essential. Although urban living offers increased access to critical resources and can help to mitigate climate change, densely populated neighborhood environments are often higher in many of the physical and psychological stressors that are detrimental to health, and lower in the social capital that is beneficial to health. One component of urban form that can reduce these stressors and improve social capital is nature: greenspace, such as parks and street trees, and bluespace, such as rivers and oceans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.034DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Biodegradation of methylene blue dye in a batch and continuous mode using biochar as packing media.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 30;171:356-364. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Centre of Advanced Study, Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India.

Bacterial species for metabolizing dye molecules were isolated from dye rich water bodies. The best microbial species for such an application was selected amongst the isolated bacterial populations by conducting methylene blue (MB) batch degradation studies with the bacterial strains using NaCl-yeast as a nutrient medium. The most suitable bacterial species was Alcaligenes faecalis (A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.051DOI Listing
January 2019
4.373 Impact Factor

CO-mediated chicken manure biochar manipulation for biodiesel production.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 30;171:348-355. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

This study employs chicken manure as a feedstock to produce different forms of energy to abate environmental burdens. To achieve ultimate carbon management, the possible utilization of CO during pyrolysis of chicken manure was fundamentally investigated. The roles of CO in pyrolysis of chicken manure include enhanced thermal cracking and shifting of the carbon distribution via reaction between volatile organic compounds and CO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.048DOI Listing
January 2019

Telecommunication devices use, screen time and sleep in adolescents.

Environ Res 2018 Nov 1;171:341-347. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

ISGlobal, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Spanish Consortium for Research and Public Health (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus University Medical Centre-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Purpose: To investigate the association between telecommunication and other screen devices use and subjective and objective sleep measures in adolescents at 17-18 years.

Methods: Cross-sectional study on adolescents aged 17-18 years from a Spanish population-based birth cohort established in Menorca in 1997-1998. Information on devices use was collected using self-reported questionnaires. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00139351183056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.10.036DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Nigella sativa seed based nanocomposite-MnO/BC: An antibacterial material for photocatalytic degradation, and adsorptive removal of Methylene blue from water.

Environ Res 2018 Nov 30;171:328-340. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India. Electronic address:

Antimicrobial Nigella sativa seed-based nanocomposite, MnO/BC, was synthesized and utilized for the water purification through adsorption, and the photocatalytic degradation. MnO/BC was prepared by co-precipitation method, and characterized using FT-IR, XRD, SEM, TEM, TGA, and DSC techniques. The composite was investigated for inhibition of bacterial cells growth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.11.044DOI Listing
November 2018
4.373 Impact Factor

Low to moderate toenail arsenic levels in young adulthood and incidence of diabetes later in life: findings from the CARDIA Trace Element study.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 25;171:321-327. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health-Bloomington, Indiana University, 1025 E. 7th Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA. Electronic address:

Some studies suggest a positive association between arsenic exposure and risk of diabetes. However, the findings are inconsistent and inconclusive, particularly at a low to moderate arsenic exposure level, and longitudinal data are lacking. We examined toenail arsenic at low to moderate level in young adulthood in relation to incidence of diabetes later in life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.035DOI Listing
January 2019

Short-term PM exposure and emergency hospital admissions for mental disease.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 25;171:313-320. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of korea; Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Epidemiologic studies regarding the relationship between short-term exposure to particulate matter with a median aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 µm (PM) and mental disease are limited. This study examined the effects of short-term exposure to PM on emergency admissions to the hospital for mental disease in Seoul, Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.036DOI Listing
January 2019

ExpoQual: Evaluating measured and modeled human exposure data.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 25;171:302-312. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Applied Mathematics & Statistics, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400N. Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA. Electronic address:

Recent rapid technological advances are producing exposure data sets for which there are no available data quality assessment tools. At the same time, regulatory agencies are moving in the direction of data quality assessment for environmental risk assessment and decision-making. A transparent and systematic approach to evaluating exposure data will aid in those efforts. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00139351193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.039DOI Listing
January 2019
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Geographic variation of environmental, food, and human hair selenium content in an industrial region of Russia.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 25;171:293-301. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Miklukho-Maklaya St., 6, Moscow 105064, Russia; Yaroslavl State University, Sovetskaya St., 14, Yaroslavl 150000, Russia; IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., 8, Moscow 119146, Russia. Electronic address:

The objective of the present study was investigation of the selenium (Se) levels in environmental samples, main consumed food products, as well as human hair in the areas of the Orenburg region. Se levels in the environmental objects (water, soil, wheat), frequently consumed food products (wheat bread, ryebread, beef, pork, chicken, milk, cottage cheese), as well as human hair samples in the western (n = 210), central (n = 195), and eastern (n = 120) areas were assessed using inductively-coupled plasma mass-spectrometry and atomic absorption spectrometry (soil). The obtained data demonstrate that water (87% and 89%), soil (41% and 48%), and wheat (11% and 11%) Se levels Central and Eastern areas were significantly higher than those in the Western area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.038DOI Listing
January 2019

Association between prenatal exposure to multiple persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and growth indicators in newborns.

Environ Res 2018 Dec 30;171:285-292. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Toxicology Unit, Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences (IUIBS), Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Paseo Blas Cabrera s/n, 35016 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain; Spanish Biomedical Research Center in Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERObn), Spain.

Despite the fact that many of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been banned for decades, they still constitute a group of harmful substances to human health. Prenatal exposure can have adverse effects on one's health as well as on their newborns. The present cross-sectional study, which includes 87% of the births registered in La Palma Island (Canary Islands, Spain) during 2016 (n = 447), aims to evaluate the potential adverse health effects exerted by a wide range of POPs on newborns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.064DOI Listing
December 2018

Understanding grower perceptions and attitudes on the use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, in the semi-arid Southwest United States.

Environ Res 2019 Mar 18;170:500-509. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA. Electronic address:

The use of nontraditional water sources, including reclaimed or recycled water, has become a desirable option to meet increasing demands in water stressed regions. In the Southwest United States, utilization of alternative water sources is becoming increasingly common, including use for landscape irrigation, environmental enhancement, cooling and power generation, potable reuse, and as a source water for agricultural irrigation. While much research has gone into identifying public perception towards water reuse schemes, little attention has been given to understanding grower attitudes, perceptions, and knowledge on the use of nontraditional water, including reclaimed water, in agriculture and how that may influence grower acceptance and production practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.039DOI Listing

The effects of temperature on short-term mortality risk in Kuwait: A time-series analysis.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 14;171:278-284. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Health Policy and Management and Risk Sciences and Public Policy Institute, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: In light of climate change, health risks are expected to be exacerbated by extreme temperatures. Many studies showed that high and low ambient temperatures are associated with increased short-term mortality risk, but little is known about these risks in Kuwait and the Gulf Region.

Objective: To examine the dose-response relationship between 24-h average ambient temperatures and daily mortality risk in Kuwait. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.029DOI Listing
January 2019

Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in edible fish species from Charleston Harbor and tributaries, South Carolina, United States: Exposure and risk assessment.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 15;171:266-277. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29412, USA.

Concentrations of 11 PFASs were determined in muscle and whole fish for six species collected from Charleston, South Carolina (SC) for the assessment of potential health risks to humans and wildlife. Across all species and capture locations, total PFAS levels in whole fish were significantly higher than fillets by a factor of two- to three-fold. Mean ∑PFAS concentrations varied from 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.021DOI Listing
January 2019

Cost-benefit of point-of-use devices for lead reduction.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 11;171:260-265. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Background: Lead exposure represents a significant human health concern that often occurs with little warning to the consumer. Water lead levels can be mitigated by point-of-use (POU) devices such as reverse osmosis, distillation, or activated carbon with lead reduction media.

Objectives: This study assessed a partial cost-benefit of residential installation of POU devices to reduce lead concentrations in drinking water and examined the economic impact at the community level based on exposures reported in Flint, Michigan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.016DOI Listing
January 2019

Systematic review on the biological effects of electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields in the intermediate frequency range (300 Hz to 1 MHz).

Environ Res 2019 Jan 9;171:247-259. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Research Center for Bioelectromagnetic Interaction (femu) - Institute for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074 Aachen, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Many novel technologies, including induction cookers or wireless power transfer, produce electric fields (EF), magnetic fields (MF) or electromagnetic fields (EMF) in the intermediate frequency (IF) range. The effects of such fields on biological systems, however, have been poorly investigated. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an update of the state of research and to evaluate the potential for adverse effects of EF, MF and EMF in the IF range (300 Hz to 1 MHz) on biological systems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.015DOI Listing
January 2019
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Ambient air pollution is associated with cardiac repolarization abnormalities in healthy adults.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 14;171:239-246. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health Sciences, Peking University School of Public Health, and Peking University Institute of Environmental Medicine, Beijing 100191, China; Key Laboratory of Molecular Cardiovascular Sciences of the Ministry of Education, Health Science Center, Peking University Medicine, Beijing 100191, China. Electronic address:

Background: Ambient air pollution has been associated with acute cardiovascular events; however, the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. We aimed to examine the impacts of ambient air pollutants on cardiac ventricular repolarization in a highly polluted urban region.

Methods: Seventy-three healthy non-smoking young adults (66% female, mean age of 23. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00139351193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.023DOI Listing
January 2019
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4.373 Impact Factor

Radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure and risk perception: A pilot experimental study.

Environ Res 2019 Mar 26;170:493-499. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Centre for Population Health Research on Electromagnetic Energy (PRESEE), School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, 3004 Victoria, Australia; Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, 3004 Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Exposure to far-field radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) has raised public concerns in recent decades. However, it is not known if individuals' perception towards the health risks of RF-EMF is dependent on their knowledge of the objectively measured personal RF-EMF exposure levels.

Objectives: This pilot study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of objectively measuring personal RF-EMF exposure from mobile phone base stations (MPBS) and to determine if the risk perception of people to the potential health risk of exposure to RF-EMF from MPBS is dependent on their knowledge of personal RF-EMF exposure levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.058DOI Listing

Separating spatial patterns in pollution attributable to woodsmoke and other sources, during daytime and nighttime hours, in Christchurch, New Zealand.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 16;171:228-238. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Pittsburgh, PA, United States; Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Philadelphia, PA, United States. Electronic address:

During winter nights, woodsmoke may be a predominant source of air pollution, even in cities with many sources. Since two major earthquakes resulted in major structural damage in 2010 and 2011, reliance on woodburning for home heating has increased substantially in Christchurch, New Zealand (NZ), along with intensive construction/demolition activities. Further, because NZ is a relatively isolated western country, it offers the unique opportunity to disentangle multiple source impacts in the absence of long-range transport pollution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.033DOI Listing
January 2019
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Ambient ozone and fine particulate matter exposures and autism spectrum disorder in metropolitan Cincinnati, Ohio.

Environ Res 2019 Jan 10;171:218-227. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45229, United States.

Background: Epidemiological studies report fairly consistent associations between various air pollution metrics and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with some elevated risks reported for different prenatal and postnatal periods.

Objectives: To examine associations between ASD and ambient fine particulate matter (PM) and ozone concentrations during the prenatal period through the second year of life in a case-control study.

Methods: ASD cases (n = 428) diagnosed at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center were frequency matched (15:1) to 6420 controls from Ohio birth records. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00139351193001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.013DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Ozonized water with plant antimicrobials: An effective method to inactivate Salmonella enterica on iceberg lettuce in the produce wash water.

Environ Res 2018 Nov 16;171:213-217. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

School of Animal and Comparative Biomedical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1117 E. Lowell Street, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. Electronic address:

Post-harvest washing of produce is performed to remove physical debris and to lower microbial load. The use of ozone in combination with plant-based antimicrobials was evaluated as an alternative to conventional sanitizers such as chlorine. Plant based antimicrobials that were evaluated in combination with ozone included oregano oil, carvacrol, Quillaja saponin and olive extract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.11.023DOI Listing
November 2018

Occupational exposure to wood dust and risk of nasopharyngeal cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Environ Res 2018 Dec 12;171:170-176. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction: Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is one of the most commonly occurring cancers in some regions. While wood dust is a confirmed human carcinogen, its association with NPC remains uncertain due to inconsistent findings in the related studies. We performed the first systematic review and meta-analysis on the epidemiological evidence to examine the association between occupational exposure to wood dust and the risk of NPC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.022DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Occurrence of legacy and alternative plasticizers in indoor dust from various EU countries and implications for human exposure via dust ingestion and dermal absorption.

Environ Res 2018 Nov 22;171:204-212. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Toxicological Center, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk, Antwerp, Belgium. Electronic address:

Plasticizers are a category of chemicals extensively used in consumer products and, consequently, their presence is ubiquitous in the indoor environment. In the present study, an analytical method has been developed for the quantification of plasticizers (7 legacy phthalate esters (LPEs) and 14 alternative plasticizers (APs)) in indoor floor dust based on ultrasonic and vortex extraction, Florisil fractionation and GC-(EI)-MS analysis. Dust samples (n = 54) were collected from homes, offices, and daycare centers from different EU countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, Ireland and Sweden). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.11.034DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read