178 results match your criteria Environmental Health Insights [Journal]


Pesticide poisoning: A response to Eddleston.

Environ Health Insights 2019 27;13:1178630218825243. Epub 2019 Jan 27.

Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218825243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350117PMC
January 2019

The Effects of Natural Daylight on Length of Hospital Stay.

Environ Health Insights 2018 3;12:1178630218812817. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea.

Background And Purpose: While providing medical services, hospitals generate many data about patients. Such medical data could contribute to better treatments once their associations or patterns have been identified. With properly analyzed medical data, traditional knowledge at an individual level could be further extended to broader populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218812817DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287302PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Health Dynamics in the Built Environment: An Urban Intensity Perspective - An Exploratory Study in Trinidad and Tobago.

Environ Health Insights 2018 29;12:1178630218811342. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Centre for Environmental Studies and Applied Life Sciences, The University of Trinidad and Tobago, Arima, Trinidad and Tobago.

The built environment encompasses the physical components of the environment, inclusive of infrastructure, households, buildings, streets, and open spaces, within which individuals reside and carry out their daily activities. It affects both indirectly and directly on the outdoor and indoor physical environment as well as the socio-economic environment. The elements which comprise the built environment and those of the physical and socio-economic environments, which are affected by it, are recognised as key determinants of health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218811342DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287316PMC
November 2018
1 Read

The Restorative Value of the Urban Environment: A Systematic Review of the Existing Literature.

Environ Health Insights 2018 26;12:1178630218812805. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Biopsychology, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Psychology, University of Koblenz-Landau, Landau, Germany.

Background: Stress poses a major issue in our modern society, making restoration an important research focus. Restoration likelihood has mostly been observed in nature, which was compared with urban environments that have little restorative potential, eg, industrial areas. However, many people reside in and need to find restoration in cities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218812805DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6256310PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Adverse Human Health Impacts in the Anthropocene.

Authors:
Richard Olawoyin

Environ Health Insights 2018 16;12:1178630218812791. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, School of Engineering and Computer Science, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA.

This commentary presents a summarized discussion of key findings and relevant ideas from previously published study, index analysis, and human health risk model application for evaluating ambient air-heavy metal contamination in Chemical Valley Sarnia (CVS). The CVS study provides previously unavailable data in the CVS area which evaluates the adverse effects on air quality due to nearby anthropogenic activities. The study provided an assessment of environmental pollutants, finding that carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic substances are present in trace quantities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218812791DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243402PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Contamination of Household Open Wells in an Urban Area of Trivandrum, Kerala State, India: A Spatial Analysis of Health Risk Using Geographic Information System.

Environ Health Insights 2018 23;12:1178630218806892. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College Hospital, Kollam, India.

Objective: To assess the sanitary condition and water quality of household wells and to depict it spatially using Geographic Information System (GIS) in an urban area of Trivandrum, Kerala state, India.

Study Design: A community-based cross-sectional census-type study.

Methods: Study was conducted in an urban area of Trivandrum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218806892DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201171PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Heat-Related Training and Educational Material Needs among Oil Spill Cleanup Responders.

Environ Health Insights 2018 24;12:1178630218802295. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Health Promotion and Education Program, College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Heat-related illness (HRI), injury, and death among oil spill cleanup responders can be prevented through training and educational materials. This study assessed heat-related training and educational materials currently used and desired by oil spill cleanup responders. A needs assessment was completed by 65 oil spill cleanup responders regarding their occupational heat-related experiences and training needs. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1178630218802295
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218802295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6153533PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Fate, Transformation, and Toxicological Impacts of Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products in Surface Waters.

Environ Health Insights 2018 30;12:1178630218795836. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Department of Chemistry, New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM, USA.

With the growth of the human population, a greater quantity of pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) have been released into the environment. Although research has addressed the levels and the impact of PPCPs in the environment, the fate of these compounds in surface waters is neither well known nor characterized. In the environment, PPCPs can undergo various transformations that are critically dependent on environmental factors such as solar radiation and the presence of soil particles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218795836DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6117863PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Spatio-Temporal Variation of Particulate Matter(PM) Concentrations and Its Health Impacts in a Mega City, Delhi in India.

Environ Health Insights 2018 19;12:1178630218792861. Epub 2018 Aug 19.

Department of Industrial Systems and Technology, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS, USA.

Rising concentration of air pollution and its associated health effects is rapidly increasing in India, and Delhi, being the capital city, has drawn our attention in recent years. This study was designed to analyze the spatial and temporal variations of particulate matter (PM) concentrations in a mega city, Delhi. The daily PM concentrations monitored by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), New Delhi during November 2016 to October 2017 in different locations distributed in the region of the study were used for the analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218792861DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6102754PMC
August 2018
11 Reads

Response to Jors et al, .

Environ Health Insights 2018 20;12:1178630218788554. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Centre for Pesticide Suicide Prevention, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218788554DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6055103PMC
July 2018
1 Read

An Operational Evaluation of 3 Methoprene Larvicide Formulations for Use Against Mosquitoes in Catch Basins.

Environ Health Insights 2018 20;12:1178630218760539. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

North Shore Mosquito Abatement District, Northfield, IL, USA.

Effectiveness in controlling mosquitoes in storm water catch basins in the North Shore Mosquito Abatement District (northeastern Cook County, Illinois) was determined for 3 formulations of methoprene-based larvicides (Altosid XR 150-day Briquets, Altosid 30-day Pellets, Altosid 30-day Granules) in 2017 using a pass/fail evaluation criterion, in which emergence of a single adult from pupae collected from the basin constituted a control failure. Over the course of the 16-week study, basins receiving the 150-day briquets were treated once and basins receiving the pellet and granular formulations were treated every 4 weeks, with the first treatment occurring during the last week of May. Untreated basins were also observed for comparison with the treated basins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218760539DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5824906PMC
February 2018
6 Reads

Insights Into the Environmental Health Burden of Childhood Asthma.

Environ Health Insights 2018 20;12:1178630218757445. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

Department of Public Health, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630218757445DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5824896PMC
February 2018
2 Reads

Using Watershed Boundaries to Map Adverse Health Outcomes: Examples From Nebraska, USA.

Environ Health Insights 2018 24;12:1178630217751906. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Department of Environmental, Agricultural & Occupational Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

In 2009, a paper was published suggesting that watersheds provide a geospatial platform for establishing linkages between aquatic contaminants, the health of the environment, and human health. This article is a follow-up to that original article. From an environmental perspective, watersheds segregate landscapes into geospatial units that may be relevant to human health outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217751906DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5788116PMC
January 2018
5 Reads

Pesticide Poisonings in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Environ Health Insights 2018 3;12:1178630217750876. Epub 2018 Jan 3.

University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Aims and scope This editorial is an introduction to the papers making up the special issue on 'pesticide poisonings in low- and middle income countries'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217750876DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5757432PMC
January 2018
6 Reads

Potential Effectiveness of Point-of-Use Filtration to Address Risks to Drinking Water in the United States.

Environ Health Insights 2017 12;11:1178630217746997. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

Environmental Health & Engineering Inc., Needham, MA, USA.

Numerous contemporary incidents demonstrate that conventional control strategies for municipal tap water have limited ability to mitigate exposures to chemicals whose sources are within distribution systems, such as lead, and chemicals that are not removed by standard treatment technologies, such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)/perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS). In these situations, point-of-use (POU) controls may be effective in mitigating exposures and managing health risks of chemicals in drinking water, but their potential utility has not been extensively examined. As an initial effort to fill this information gap, we conducted a critical review and analysis of the existing literature and data on the effectiveness of POU drinking water treatment technologies for reducing chemical contaminants commonly found in tap water in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217746997DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5731620PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Plasma Cholinesterase Levels of Nepalese Farmers Following Exposure to Organophosphate Pesticides.

Environ Health Insights 2017 10;11:1178630217719269. Epub 2017 Jul 10.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Farmers in developing countries use highly toxic organophosphate pesticides. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare plasma cholinesterase (PChE) enzyme activity before and after exposure to organophosphate pesticides in a real-life setting.

Methods: This was a prospective study conducted on 25 farmers spraying organophosphate pesticide in their farm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217719269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5714073PMC
July 2017
4 Reads

Linking Air Quality and Human Health Effects Models: An Application to the Los Angeles Air Basin.

Environ Health Insights 2017 13;11:1178630217737551. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

Department of Chemistry, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA.

Proposed emission control strategies for reducing ozone and particulate matter are evaluated better when air quality and health effects models are used together. The Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model is the US Environmental Protection Agency's model for determining public policy and forecasting air quality. CMAQ was used to forecast air quality changes due to several emission control strategies that could be implemented between 2008 and 2030 for the South Coast Air Basin that includes Los Angeles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217737551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5692127PMC
November 2017
7 Reads

Open Defaecation and Its Effects on the Bacteriological Quality of Drinking Water Sources in Isiolo County, Kenya.

Environ Health Insights 2017 9;11:1178630217735539. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

Department of Environmental Science, Egerton University, Egerton, Kenya.

Background Information: The post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals for sanitation call for universal access to adequate and equitable sanitation and an end to open defaecation by 2030. In Isiolo County, a semi-arid region lying in the northern part of Kenya, poor sanitation and water shortage remain a major problem facing the rural communities.

Objective: The overall aim of the study was to assess the relationship between sanitation practices and the bacteriological quality of drinking water sources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217735539DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5637965PMC
October 2017
6 Reads

Prevalence, Circumstances, and Management of Acute Pesticide Poisoning in Hospitals in Kampala City, Uganda.

Environ Health Insights 2017 4;11:1178630217728924. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

Pesticide Use, Health and Environment project, Uganda National Association of Community and Occupational Health, Kampala, Uganda.

This study was aimed at assessing prevalence, circumstance, and management of acute pesticide poisoning in hospitals in Kampala. It was a retrospective cross-sectional study that involved reviewing of 739 poisoning patient records from 5 hospitals in Kampala. Of the 739 patients, 212 were due to pesticide poisoning resulting in a prevalence of 28. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217728924DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5588792PMC
September 2017
5 Reads

Effects of Teaching Health Care Workers on Diagnosis and Treatment of Pesticide Poisonings in Uganda.

Environ Health Insights 2017 29;11:1178630217726778. Epub 2017 Aug 29.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Acute pesticide poisoning in developing countries is a considerable problem, requiring diagnosis and treatment. This study describes how training of health care workers in Uganda affects their ability to diagnose and manage acute pesticide poisoning.

Method: A postintervention cross-sectional study was conducted using a standardized questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217726778DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5580847PMC
August 2017
6 Reads

Pesticide Exposure and Health Problems Among Female Horticulture Workers in Tanzania.

Environ Health Insights 2017 22;11:1178630217715237. Epub 2017 Jun 22.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health and Social Sciences, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Commercialization of horticulture farming, expansion of farms, and the practice of monoculture favor the proliferation of pests, which in turn increases the need for pesticides. Increased exposure to pesticides is associated with inadequate knowledge on the hazardous nature of pesticides, poor hygiene practices, lack of availability of washing facilities, and insufficient adherence to precautionary instructions on pesticide labels. Mitigating the risks posed by pesticides is considered a less compelling interest than alleviating poverty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217715237DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5484550PMC
June 2017
4 Reads

Advanced Collaborative Emissions Study Auxiliary Findings on 2007-Compliant Diesel Engines: A Comparison With Diesel Exhaust Genotoxicity Effects Prior to 2007.

Environ Health Insights 2017 19;11:1178630217714215. Epub 2017 Jun 19.

Sealy Center for Environmental Health and Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.

Since its beginning, more than 117 years ago, the compression-ignition engine, or diesel engine, has grown to become a critically important part of industry and transportation. Public concerns over the health effects from diesel emissions have driven the growth of regulatory development, implementation, and technological advances in emission controls. In 2001, the United States Environmental Protection Agency and California Air Resources Board issued new diesel fuel and emission standards for heavy-duty engines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217714215DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5479429PMC
June 2017
15 Reads

Characteristics of Pesticide Poisoning in Rural and Urban Settings in Uganda.

Environ Health Insights 2017 5;11:1178630217713015. Epub 2017 Jun 5.

Department of Occupational Medicine, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

Pesticide poisoning is a significant burden on health care systems in many low-income countries. This study evaluates cases of registered pesticide poisonings treated in selected rural (N = 101) and urban (N = 212) health facilities in Uganda from January 2010 to August 2016. In the urban setting, pesticides were the most prevalent single poison responsible for intoxications (N = 212 [28. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217713015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5462555PMC
June 2017
30 Reads

Assessment of Dithiocarbamate Residues on Tomatoes Conventionally Grown in Uganda and the Effect of Simple Washing to Reduce Exposure Risk to Consumers.

Environ Health Insights 2017 5;11:1178630217712218. Epub 2017 Jun 5.

Diálogos, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Pesticide misuse by farmers poses health risks to consumers. This study assessed the level of dithiocarbamate residues in tomatoes acquired from 20 farmers and 25 market vendors in Wakiso District, how simple washing affects these residues, and the potential chronic health risk for Ugandans eating such tomatoes. Results revealed that mancozeb was the only reported dithiocarbamate, and 47. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217712218DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5462551PMC
June 2017
7 Reads

Risk Factors of Pesticide Poisoning and Pesticide Users' Cholinesterase Levels in Cotton Production Areas: Glazoué and Savè Townships, in Central Republic of Benin.

Environ Health Insights 2017 18;11:1178630217704659. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Unit of Teaching and Research in Occupational Health and Environment, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin.

Objective: To assess the degree of poisoning in farmers using the erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE) test before and after the exposure to pesticides in townships in central Benin (Glazoué and Savè) and to identify the associated risk factors.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design, we recruited 264 farm pesticide sprayers, who have been working for at least 5 years. They completed a questionnaire and underwent the AChE test using the Test-mate Model 400 device (EQM Research Inc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217704659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5400018PMC
April 2017
26 Reads

Pesticide Residues in Commercial Lettuce, Onion, and Potato Samples From Bolivia-A Threat to Public Health?

Environ Health Insights 2017 18;11:1178630217704194. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Dialogos, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Bolivia does not have a surveillance program for pesticide residues in food. The few published studies have suggested that pesticide contamination in food may present a public health problem. Data are lacking for all foods except tomatoes and breast milk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217704194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5400016PMC
April 2017
25 Reads

Effect of Integrated Pest Management Training on Ugandan Small-Scale Farmers.

Environ Health Insights 2017 12;11:1178630217703391. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Small-scale farmers in developing countries use hazardous pesticides taking few or no safety measures. Farmer field schools (FFSs) teaching integrated pest management (IPM) have been shown to reduce pesticide use among trained farmers. This cross-sectional study compares pesticide-related knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP), potential exposure, and self-reported poisoning symptoms among 35 FFS farmers, 44 neighboring farmers, and 35 control farmers after an IPM intervention in Uganda (2011-2012). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217703391DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5397281PMC
April 2017
21 Reads

Obstacles and Opportunities for Diffusion of Integrated Pest Management Strategies Reported by Bolivian Small-Scale Farmers and Agronomists.

Environ Health Insights 2017 12;11:1178630217703390. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark.

Integrated pest management (IPM) with an increased used of ecological farming methods and less and safer use of pesticides offers solutions to reduce risks of developing pest resistance, human poisoning, and environmental pollution. Despite being promoted by Food and Agriculture Organization and others, it has not spread readily in low-income countries. This article presents the opinions of Bolivian farmers and agronomists on perceived obstacles and opportunities for a diffusion of IPM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217703390DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5397278PMC
April 2017
4 Reads

Neurological Deficits After Long-term Pyrethroid Exposure.

Environ Health Insights 2017 29;11:1178630217700628. Epub 2017 Mar 29.

Danish Ramazzini Centre, Section for Environment, Work and Health, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Pyrethroid pesticides have been suggested to be a cause of Parkinson disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. To investigate this, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 120 Bolivian public health vector program spray men, primarily exposed to pyrethroids. Pesticide exposure and central nervous system (CNS) symptoms were determined by a structured interview, whereas neuromotor and neurocognitive performance was assessed using the computerized Behavioral Assessment and Research System and CATSYS system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217700628DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5398229PMC
March 2017
14 Reads

Insights Into the Morphology of the East Asia PM Annual Cycle Provided by Machine Learning.

Environ Health Insights 2017 29;11:1178630217699611. Epub 2017 Mar 29.

William B. Hanson Center for Space Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, USA.

The abundance of airborne particulate matter with an aerodynamic equivalent diameter of 2.5 µm or less (PM) is a significant environmental and health issue. Many tools have been used to examine the relationship between PM abundance and meteorological variables, but some of the relationships are nonlinear, non-Gaussian, and even unknown. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1178630217699611
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217699611DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5392107PMC
March 2017
5 Reads

Using machine learning to estimate atmospheric pollen concentrations in Tulsa, OK.

Environ Health Insights 2017 30;11:1178630217699399. Epub 2017 Mar 30.

The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, USA.

This article describes an example of using machine learning to estimate the abundance of airborne pollen for Tulsa, OK. Twenty-seven years of historical pollen observations were used. These pollen observations were combined with machine learning and a very complete meteorological and land surface context of 85 variables to estimate the daily abundance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217699399DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5392111PMC
March 2017
13 Reads

Epidemiology of Organophosphate Poisoning in the Tshwane District of South Africa.

Environ Health Insights 2017 27;11:1178630217694149. Epub 2017 Feb 27.

Department of Community Medicine, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Organophosphate poisoning is a major public health problem in South Africa. Individuals get exposed to organophosphate in both the domestic and industrial spheres.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted using retrospective, secondary data of organophosphate poisoning cases over a 3-year period, reported at the Tshwane District surveillance office. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217694149DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5345965PMC
February 2017
11 Reads

Knowledge and Practices Relating to Acute Pesticide Poisoning Among Health Care Providers in Selected Regions of Tanzania.

Environ Health Insights 2017 23;11:1178630217691268. Epub 2017 Feb 23.

School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Acute pesticide poisoning (APP) is commonly underdiagnosed in Tanzania. Studies in developing countries suggest that a lack of diagnostic skills among health care providers (HCPs) undermines surveillance for APP. This study aimed at characterizing experience and skills of Tanzanian HCPs regarding APP diagnosis and management. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1178630217691268
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217691268DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5348122PMC
February 2017
4 Reads

Self-reported Effects of Water on Health in First Nations Communities in Saskatchewan, Canada: Results From Community-Based Participatory Research.

Environ Health Insights 2017 23;11:1178630217690193. Epub 2017 Feb 23.

School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Water-related health challenges on First Nations reserves in Canada have been previously documented. Our objective was to describe factors associated with self-reported health effects from tap water in 8 First Nations reserve communities in Saskatchewan, Canada. Community-based participatory approaches were used in designing and implementing cross-sectional household surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1178630217690193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5392108PMC
February 2017
21 Reads

Patterns of Pesticide Use and Associated Factors Among the Commercial Farmers of Chitwan, Nepal.

Environ Health Insights 2016 11;10(Suppl 1):1-7. Epub 2016 Dec 11.

Professor, School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Farmers in developing countries are exposed to pesticide hazards due to unsafe handling. This study was conducted to identify the prevailing practices of pesticide use and factors affecting the handling of pesticides among the farmers of Chitwan, Nepal. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 125 farmers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S40973DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5154692PMC
December 2016
7 Reads

Quantifying the Seafood Consumption Patterns of Recreational Anglers in Charleston and Berkeley Counties, South Carolina.

Environ Health Insights 2016 16;10:201-210. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.

This study was designed to provide self-reported data on the frequency of fish consumption and shellfish consumption in Charleston and Berkeley (CB) counties, South Carolina. While commercial fishing and recreational fishing have played an important role in the culture and history of the area, information on the specific patterns of consumption by recreational anglers has been previously unavailable. The pilot data presented here will help determine the feasibility of a large-scale survey of seafood consumption in coastal South Carolina. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S40668DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5113856PMC
November 2016
18 Reads

QUIC Transport and Dispersion Modeling of Vehicle Emissions in Cities for Better Public Health Assessments.

Environ Health Insights 2015 14;9(Suppl 1):55-65. Epub 2016 Nov 14.

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA.

The Quick Urban and Industrial Complex (QUIC) plume modeling system is used to explore how the transport and dispersion of vehicle emissions in cities are impacted by the presence of buildings. Using downtown Philadelphia as a test case, notional vehicle emissions of gases and particles are specified as line source releases on a subset of the east-west and north-south streets. Cases were run in flat terrain and with 3D buildings present in order to show the differences in the model-computed outdoor concentration fields with and without buildings present. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S15662DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5110223PMC
November 2016
15 Reads

Chronic Ethanol Exposure Effects on Vitamin D Levels Among Subjects with Alcohol Use Disorder.

Environ Health Insights 2016 20;10:191-199. Epub 2016 Oct 20.

Department of Global Environmental Health Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Vitamin D has been previously recognized to play important roles in human immune system and function. In the pulmonary system, vitamin D regulates the function of antimicrobial peptides, especially cathelicidin/LL-37. Human cathelicidin/LL-37 is a bactericidal, bacteriostatic, and antiviral endogenous peptide with protective immune functions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S40335DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5074581PMC
October 2016
8 Reads

Residual Isocyanates in Medical Devices and Products: A Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment.

Environ Health Insights 2016 13;10:175-190. Epub 2016 Oct 13.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA.

We conducted a pilot qualitative and quantitative assessment of residual isocyanates and their potential initial exposures in neonates, as little is known about their contact effect. After a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) stockroom inventory, polyurethane (PU) and PU foam (PUF) devices and products were qualitatively evaluated for residual isocyanates using Surface SWYPE™. Those containing isocyanates were quantitatively tested for methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) species, using UPLC-UV-MS/MS method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S39149DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5067089PMC
October 2016
7 Reads

Insights into Zika Virus History, Human Health Effects, and Control Measures.

Environ Health Insights 2016 18;10:173-4. Epub 2016 Sep 18.

Associate Professor, Health Education and Promotion, Environmental Health Sciences Program, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.; Deputy Editor in Chief, Environmental Health Insights.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5027887PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S40953DOI Listing
September 2016
4 Reads

The Increasing Prevalence in Intersex Variation from Toxicological Dysregulation in Fetal Reproductive Tissue Differentiation and Development by Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals.

Environ Health Insights 2016 8;10:163-71. Epub 2016 Sep 8.

University of North Texas Health Science Center, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Science, Fort Worth, TX, USA.

An increasing number of children are born with intersex variation (IV; ambiguous genitalia/hermaphrodite, pseudohermaphroditism, etc.). Evidence shows that endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in the environment can cause reproductive variation through dysregulation of normal reproductive tissue differentiation, growth, and maturation if the fetus is exposed to EDCs during critical developmental times in utero. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.4137/EHI.S39825
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S39825DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5017538PMC
September 2016
4 Reads

Air Pollution and Emergency Department Visits for Depression: A Multicity Case-Crossover Study.

Environ Health Insights 2016 30;10:155-61. Epub 2016 Aug 30.

Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between ambient air pollution and emergency department (ED) visits for depression.

Methods: Health data were retrieved from the National Ambulatory Care Reporting System. ED visits for depression were retrieved from the National Ambulatory Care Reporting System using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), Tenth revision codes; ICD-10: F32 (mild depressive episode) and ICD-10: F33 (recurrent depressive disorder). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S40493DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5006648PMC
September 2016
5 Reads

Characterization of Beauty Salon Wastewater from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, and Its Surrounding Communities.

Environ Health Insights 2016 29;10:147-54. Epub 2016 Aug 29.

Department of Chemistry, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Due to the increase in students' population over the years, the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana, and its surrounding communities have seen an increase in the number of beauty salons. The assessment of the quality of salon wastewater has received little attention, as a potential source of environmental and public health hazard, due to the lack of literature on this issue. The main aim of this study is to assess wastewater effluent characteristics in KNUST and its surrounding areas, in relation to its physicochemical and microbial parameters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S40360DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5004995PMC
September 2016
5 Reads

The Cold Dusty Harmattan: A Season of Anguish for Cardiologists and Patients.

Environ Health Insights 2016 29;10:143-6. Epub 2016 Aug 29.

Cardiology Sub-Unit 1, Department of Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.

Human health and disease often demonstrate seasonal patterns. Knowledge of these aspects aids anticipation and planning. Numerous studies have shown that hypertension and cardiovascular diseases demonstrate a seasonal pattern. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S38350DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5004994PMC
September 2016
7 Reads

Role of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor in Circadian Clock Disruption and Metabolic Dysfunction.

Environ Health Insights 2016 17;10:133-41. Epub 2016 Aug 17.

Department of Pharmacology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA.

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome, a clustering of three or more risk factors that include abdominal obesity, increased blood pressure, and high levels of glucose, triglycerides, and high-density lipoproteins, has reached dangerous and costly levels worldwide. Increases in morbidity and mortality result from a combination of factors that promote altered glucose metabolism, insulin resistance, and metabolic dysfunction. Although diet and exercise are commonly touted as important determinants in the development of metabolic dysfunction, other environmental factors, including circadian clock disruption and activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) by dietary or other environmental sources, must also be considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S38343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4990151PMC
August 2016
2 Reads

Environmental Health and Safety Hazards of Indigenous Small-Scale Gold Mining Using Cyanidation in the Philippines.

Environ Health Insights 2016 8;10:125-31. Epub 2016 Aug 8.

Research Professor, Institute of Health Policy and Development Studies, National Institutes of Health, University of the Philippines Manila, Philippines; and Affiliate Faculty, Department of Social Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines Manila.

Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed at the environmental health hazards at work and cyanide exposure of small-scale gold miners engaged in gold extraction from ores in a mining area in the Philippines.

Methods: Methods consisted of structured questionnaire-guided interviews, work process observation tools, physical health assessment by medical doctors, and laboratory examination and blood cyanide determination in the blood samples of 34 indigenous small-scale gold miners from Benguet, Philippines.

Results: The small-scale gold miners worked for a mean of 10. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.4137/EHI.S38459
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S38459DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4978203PMC
August 2016
23 Reads

Potential for Extrinsic Incubation Temperature to Alter Interplay Between Transmission Potential and Mortality of Dengue-Infected Aedes aegypti.

Environ Health Insights 2016 25;10:119-23. Epub 2016 Jul 25.

Department of Pathobiological Sciences, Louisiana School of Veterinary Medicine, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

The extrinsic incubation period is a critical component in the assessment of arboviral transmission potential. It defines the time it takes for a mosquito to become infectious following exposure to an arbovirus. Since this is a temporal process, the lifespan of a mosquito is intimately tied to the extrinsic incubation period and thus transmission potential of these viruses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S38345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4961054PMC
August 2016
3 Reads

A Performance Management Initiative for Local Health Department Vector Control Programs.

Environ Health Insights 2016 11;10:113-8. Epub 2016 Jul 11.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Local health department (LHD) vector control programs have experienced reductions in funding and capacity. Acknowledging this situation and its potential effect on the ability to respond to vector-borne diseases, the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S39805DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4941868PMC
July 2016
20 Reads

DNA Damage among Wood Workers Assessed with the Comet Assay.

Environ Health Insights 2016 28;10:105-12. Epub 2016 Jun 28.

Institute for Work and Health (IST), Lausanne, Switzerland.

Exposure to wood dust, a human carcinogen, is common in wood-related industries, and millions of workers are occupationally exposed to wood dust worldwide. The comet assay is a rapid, simple, and sensitive method for determining DNA damage. The objective of this study was to investigate the DNA damage associated with occupational exposure to wood dust using the comet assay (peripheral blood samples) among nonsmoking wood workers (n = 31, furniture and construction workers) and controls (n = 19). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S38344DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4927022PMC
July 2016
4 Reads

Effect of Trapping Methods, Weather, and Landscape on Estimates of the Culex Vector Mosquito Abundance.

Environ Health Insights 2016 22;10:93-103. Epub 2016 Jun 22.

Department of Pathobiology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA.

The local abundance of Culex mosquitoes is a central factor adding to the risk of West Nile virus transmission, and vector abundance data influence public health decisions. This study evaluated differences in abundance estimates from mosquitoes trapped using two common methods: CO2-baited CDC light traps and infusion-baited gravid traps in suburban, Chicago, Illinois. On a weekly basis, the two methods were modestly correlated (r = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4137/EHI.S33384DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4918690PMC
July 2016
5 Reads