1,309 results match your criteria Environmental Health [Journal]


Persistent mental and physical health impact of exposure to the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center terrorist attacks.

Environ Health 2019 Feb 12;18(1):12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

World Trade Center Health Registry, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression have each been linked to exposure to the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks (9/11). We described the prevalence and patterns of these conditions and associated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) fifteen years after the attacks.

Methods: We studied 36,897 participants in the WTC Health Registry, a cohort of exposed rescue/recovery workers and community members, who completed baseline (2003-2004) and follow-up (2015-16) questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-019-0449-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Tampon use, environmental chemicals and oxidative stress in the BioCycle study.

Environ Health 2019 Feb 11;18(1):11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Tampons are used by up to 86% of US women and are a rarely considered potential source of pesticide and metal exposure. Tampons may be of particular concern given the likely higher absorption that occurs in the vagina. Our objective was to examine the potential associations between tampon use and metal concentrations, and biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress among healthy women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-019-0452-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Mediating role of arsenic in the relationship between diet and pregnancy outcomes: prospective birth cohort in Bangladesh.

Environ Health 2019 02 6;18(1):10. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Background: Epidemiological evidence suggests that arsenic (As) exposure during pregnancy may reduce infant birth weight. One significant source of As exposure is diet; thus, As may indirectly affect infant growth by mediating the effect of maternal diet on birth weight (BW). This study evaluated the potential mediating effect of As in the relationship between maternal diet and BW, gestational age (GA), and gestational weight gain (GWG). Read More

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https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-019-0450-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A global perspective on coal-fired power plants and burden of lung cancer.

Environ Health 2019 01 28;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Building 1, Room 1401, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Background: Exposure to ambient particulate matter generated from coal-fired power plants induces long-term health consequences. However, epidemiologic studies have not yet focused on attributing these health burdens specifically to energy consumption, impeding targeted intervention policies. We hypothesize that the generating capacity of coal-fired power plants may be associated with lung cancer incidence at the national level. Read More

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https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-019-0448-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350330PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Development and performance evaluation of a GIS-based metric to assess exposure to airborne pollutant emissions from industrial sources.

Environ Health 2019 01 25;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Département Cancer & Environnement, Centre Léon Bérard, 69008, Lyon, France.

Background: Dioxins are environmental and persistent organic carcinogens with endocrine disrupting properties. A positive association with several cancers, including risk of breast cancer has been suggested.

Objectives: This study aimed to develop and assess performances of an exposure metric based on a Geographic Information System (GIS) through comparison with a validated dispersion model to estimate historical industrial dioxin exposure for its use in a case-control study nested within a prospective cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-019-0446-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347831PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Environmental justice and drinking water quality: are there socioeconomic disparities in nitrate levels in U.S. drinking water?

Environ Health 2019 01 17;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Silent Spring Institute, 320 Nevada Street, Suite 302, Newton, MA, 02460, USA.

Background: Low-income and minority communities often face disproportionately high pollutant exposures. The lead crisis in Flint, Michigan, has sparked concern about broader socioeconomic disparities in exposures to drinking water contaminants. Nitrate is commonly found in drinking water, especially in agricultural regions, and epidemiological evidence suggests elevated risk of cancer and birth defects at levels below U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0442-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335696PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Prenatal exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic field and its impact on fetal growth.

Environ Health 2019 01 11;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Key Laboratory of Reproduction Regulation of NPFPC, SIPPR, IRD, Fudan University, 779 Old Hu Min Road, Shanghai, 200237, China.

Objective: Studies on the effect of prenatal exposure to magnetic field (MF) on fetal growth is inconclusive and subject to some methodological limitations, particularly in measurement of MF exposure. The present study aimed to examine the association between maternal extremely low frequency MF (ELF-MF) exposure during pregnancy and fetal growth in offspring.

Methods: A total of 128 pregnant women were recruited at their 3rd trimester and asked to wear an EMDEX Lite meter for 24 h to capture daily ELF-MF exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-019-0447-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329146PMC
January 2019

Trends in neonicotinoid pesticide residues in food and water in the United States, 1999-2015.

Environ Health 2019 01 11;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health, University of Maryland School of Public Health, 2234 L SPH, 255 Valley Drive, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.

Background: Neonicotinoids are a class of systemic insecticides widely used on food crops globally. These pesticides may be found in "off-target" food items and persist in the environment. Despite the potential for extensive human exposure, there are limited studies regarding the prevalence of neonicotinoid residues in foods sold and consumed in the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0441-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330495PMC
January 2019

Non-uniform radiation-induced biological responses at the tissue level involved in the health risk of environmental radiation: a radiobiological hypothesis.

Environ Health 2018 12 29;17(1):93. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology, Queen's University Belfast, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7AE, UK.

Background: The conventional concept of radiation protection is based on epidemiological studies of radiation that support a positive correlation between dose and response. However, there is a remarkable difference in biological responses at the tissue level, depending on whether radiation is delivered as a uniform or non-uniform spatiotemporal distribution due to tissue sparing effects (TSE). From the point of view of radiation micro-dosimetry, environmental radiation is delivered as a non-uniform distribution, and radiation-induced biological responses at the tissue level, such as TSE, would be implicated in individual risk following exposure to environmental radiation. Read More

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https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0444-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329136PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Prenatal exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances and the risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.

Environ Health 2019 01 9;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Ministry of Education-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, China.

Background: Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been reported to disrupt endocrine system and reproduction. However, epidemiological evidence on the association between PFAS and preeclampsia is inconsistent. We aimed to investigate the association between prenatal PFAS exposure and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in humans. Read More

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https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0445-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327470PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Very low-level prenatal mercury exposure and behaviors in children: the HOME Study.

Environ Health 2019 01 9;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada.

Background: Mercury is toxic to the developing brain, but the lowest concentration associated with the development of behavior problems is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between very low-level mercury exposure during fetal development and behavior problems in children.

Methods: We used data from 389 mothers and children in a prospective pregnancy and birth cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0443-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325670PMC
January 2019

The evidence of human exposure to glyphosate: a review.

Environ Health 2019 01 7;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Institute for Translational Epidemiology and Department of Population Health Science and Policy, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1133, New York, NY, 10029, USA.

Background: Despite the growing and widespread use of glyphosate, a broad-spectrum herbicide and desiccant, very few studies have evaluated the extent and amount of human exposure.

Objective: We review documented levels of human exposure among workers in occupational settings and the general population.

Methods: We conducted a review of scientific publications on glyphosate levels in humans; 19 studies were identified, of which five investigated occupational exposure to glyphosate, 11 documented the exposure in general populations, and three reported on both. Read More

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https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0435-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322310PMC
January 2019
6 Reads
3.372 Impact Factor

Air pollution in the week prior to delivery and preterm birth in 24 Canadian cities: a time to event analysis.

Environ Health 2019 01 3;18(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Health Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, 100 Tunney's Pasture Driveway, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0T6, Canada.

Background: Numerous studies have examined the association between air pollution and preterm birth (< 37 weeks gestation) but findings have been inconsistent. These associations may be more difficult to detect than associations with other adverse birth outcomes because of the different duration of exposure in preterm vs. term births, and the existence of seasonal cycles in incidence of preterm birth. Read More

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https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0440-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318965PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Mortality among workers exposed to asbestos at the shipyard of Genoa, Italy: a 55 years follow-up.

Environ Health 2018 12 29;17(1):94. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

Clinical Epidemiology, Ospedale Policlinico San Martino-IRCCS, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico per l'Oncologia, Genoa, Italy.

Background: Exposure to asbestos remains a global issue due to its massive use in the twentieth century and its long environmental persistence. Exposure to asbestos still occurs during dismantling of ships and vessels, buildings renovation, mining operations, and is reported in developing countries. Current estimate report exposure of hundreds of million people in occupational settings in countries where its use remains unregulated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0439-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310930PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The global environmental injustice of fast fashion.

Environ Health 2018 12 27;17(1):92. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, Campus Box 1196, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA.

Fast fashion, inexpensive and widely available of-the-moment garments, has changed the way people buy and dispose of clothing. By selling large quantities of clothing at cheap prices, fast fashion has emerged as a dominant business model, causing garment consumption to skyrocket. While this transition is sometimes heralded as the "democratization" of fashion in which the latest styles are available to all classes of consumers, the human and environmental health risks associated with inexpensive clothing are hidden throughout the lifecycle of each garment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0433-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307129PMC
December 2018

Maternal urinary 2-hydroxynaphthalene and birth outcomes in Taiyuan, China.

Environ Health 2018 12 20;17(1):91. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Shanxi Medical University, Xinjiannan Road 56, Taiyuan, 030001, China.

Background: Naphthalene is the simplest polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). It is easily emitted into the atmosphere, posing a significant risk to human health. However, limited studies have described the impact of naphthalene exposure on birth outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0436-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302466PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Association between mesothelioma and non-occupational asbestos exposure: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Environ Health 2018 12 19;17(1):90. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: The risk of mesothelioma has been shown to be associated with exposure to asbestos fibers. Most of the existing literature focuses on occupational exposure; however, non-occupational asbestos exposure has also been identified as an important risk factor.

Objective: To estimate the association between mesothelioma and non-occupational asbestos exposure, and evaluate control recruitment and exposure measurement methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0431-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300000PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Epidemiological association between multiple chemical sensitivity and birth by caesarean section: a nationwide case-control study.

Environ Health 2018 12 14;17(1):89. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, National Hospital Organization Sagamihara National Hospital, 18-1 Sakuradai, Minami-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 252-0392, Japan.

Introduction: Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is characterized by recurrent nonspecific symptoms that are attributed to exposure to trace levels of environmental agents. Although the clinical symptoms of MCS have been described in several studies, the risk factors for this condition remain unclear. Our aim was to clarify the risk factors for MCS and the association between MCS and birth by caesarean section. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0438-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295056PMC
December 2018

Responses of healthy young males to fine-particle exposure are modified by exercise habits: a panel study.

Environ Health 2018 12 13;17(1):88. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

State Key Joint Laboratory for Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China.

Background: Aerobic exercise benefits health but increases inhalation of fine particles (PM) in ambient air. Acute cardiopulmonary responses to PM exposure in individuals with different exercise habits, especially in areas with severe air pollution, are not well understood.

Methods: To examine acute cardiopulmonary responses to PM exposure modified by exercise habits, a panel of 20 healthy non-smoking male subjects, recruited in Beijing, China, completed seven visits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0437-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293663PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

The pulmonary and autonomic effects of high-intensity and low-intensity exercise in diesel exhaust.

Environ Health 2018 12 13;17(1):87. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Background: Exposure to air pollution impairs aspects of pulmonary and autonomic function and causes pulmonary inflammation. However, how exercising in air pollution affects these indices is poorly understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of low-intensity and high-intensity cycling with diesel exhaust (DE) exposure on pulmonary function, heart rate variability (HRV), fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), norepinephrine and symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0434-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292001PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Associations of greenness, greyness and air pollution exposure with children's health: a cross-sectional study in Southern Italy.

Environ Health 2018 12 5;17(1):86. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

National Research Council, Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology, via Ugo La Malfa 153, 90146, Palermo, Italy.

Background: Due to the complex interplay among different urban-related exposures, a comprehensive approach is advisable to estimate the health effects. We simultaneously assessed the effect of "green", "grey" and air pollution exposure on respiratory/allergic conditions and general symptoms in schoolchildren.

Methods: This study involved 219 schoolchildren (8-10 years) of the Municipality of Palermo, Italy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0430-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282291PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Prenatal exposure to phthalates and autism spectrum disorder in the MARBLES study.

Environ Health 2018 12 5;17(1):85. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, California, USA.

Background: Evidence from experimental and observational studies suggests that prenatal phthalate exposures may be associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We examined whether prenatal phthalate exposures were associated with an increased risk of ASD.

Methods: We quantified 14 metabolites of eight phthalates in 636 multiple maternal urine samples collected during 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy from 201 mother-child pairs in MARBLES (Markers of Autism Risk in Babies - Learning Early Signs), a high-risk ASD longitudinal cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0428-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280477PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Analysing the link between public transport use and airborne transmission: mobility and contagion in the London underground.

Environ Health 2018 12 4;17(1):84. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Background: The transmission of infectious diseases is dependent on the amount and nature of contacts between infectious and healthy individuals. Confined and crowded environments that people visit in their day-to-day life (such as town squares, business districts, transport hubs, etc) can act as hot-spots for spreading disease. In this study we explore the link between the use of public transport and the spread of airborne infections in urban environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0427-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280530PMC
December 2018

Breast cancer risk and serum levels of per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances: a case-control study nested in the California Teachers Study.

Environ Health 2018 11 27;17(1):83. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Cancer Prevention Institute of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Background: Per- and poly- fluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are a large family of synthetic chemicals, some of which are mammary toxicants and endocrine disruptors. Their potential as breast carcinogens is unclear. Our objective was to evaluate the risk of breast cancer associated with serum PFAS concentrations in a nested case-control study within the California Teachers Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0426-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260688PMC
November 2018
2 Reads
3.372 Impact Factor

Effects of ambient carbon monoxide on daily hospitalizations for cardiovascular disease: a time-stratified case-crossover study of 460,938 cases in Beijing, China from 2013 to 2017.

Environ Health 2018 11 26;17(1):82. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Evidence focused on exposure to ambient carbon monoxide (CO) and the risk of hospitalizations for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is lacking in developing countries. This study aimed to examine the effect of CO exposure on hospitalizations for CVD in Beijing, China.

Methods: A total of 460,938 hospitalizations for cardiovascular diseases were obtained from electronic hospitalization summary reports from 2013 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0429-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258455PMC
November 2018
2 Reads
3.372 Impact Factor

Occupational health: a world of false promises.

Environ Health 2018 11 21;17(1):81. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Occupational and Environmental Health Research Group, Stirling, UK.

The response of the World Health Organization (WHO) to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa in 2015 demonstrated that the global health system is unprepared to address what should be its primary mission, control of disease epidemics while protecting health workers. Critics blamed WHO politics and its rigid culture for the poor response to the epidemic. We find that United Nations agencies, WHO and the International Labor Organization (ILO), are faced with the global problem of inadequate worker protections and a growing crisis in occupational health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0422-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249896PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Changing places to study short-term effects of air pollution on cardiovascular health: a panel study.

Environ Health 2018 11 19;17(1):80. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Environment and Health Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, O&N I, PB 706, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Short-term exposure to ambient air pollution triggers acute cardiovascular events. Here, we evaluate the association of exposure to ambient air pollution with two intermediate cardiovascular endpoints: blood pressure and carotid stiffness.

Methods: In a one-year panel study, we included 20 healthy volunteers (10 male-female couples aged 59-75 years) with air pollution and health parameters measured every two months at their region of residence (Leuven, Belgium) and twice during two ten-day periods in two locations, one with higher (Milan, Italy) and one with lower (Vindeln, Sweden) air pollution levels (220 observations). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0425-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6245927PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Impact of occupational environmental stressors on blood pressure changes and on incident cases of hypertension: a 5-year follow-up from the VISAT study.

Environ Health 2018 11 16;17(1):79. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

UMR1027, INSERM, Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse III, 31000, Toulouse, France.

Background: The role of occupational stressors (OS) on blood pressure (BP) is often suspected, but asserting its impact remains uncertain. Our goal was to evaluate their impact on BP increase and on incident cases of hypertension over a 5-year period.

Methods: One thousand, one hundred and fifty-six men and women from the French prospective VISAT study were followed up over five-years (T1 to T2). Read More

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https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0423-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240201PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Safety of Safety Evaluation of Pesticides: developmental neurotoxicity of chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos-methyl.

Environ Health 2018 11 16;17(1):77. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

University of Southern Denmark, Department of Public Health, Odense, Denmark.

Authorization of pesticides for market release requires toxicity testing on animals, typically performed by test laboratories on contract with the pesticide producer. The latter provides the results and summary to the regulatory authorities. For the commonly used pesticide chlorpyrifos, an industry-funded toxicity study concludes that no selective effects on neurodevelopment occur even at high exposures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0421-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238321PMC
November 2018

Particulate matter exposure and health impacts of urban cyclists: a randomized crossover study.

Environ Health 2018 11 14;17(1):78. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada.

Background: Cycling and other forms of active transportation provide health benefits via increased physical activity. However, direct evidence of the extent to which these benefits may be offset by exposure and intake of traffic-related air pollution is limited. The purpose of this study is to measure changes in endothelial function, measures of oxidative stress and inflammation, and lung function in healthy participants before and after cycling along a high- and low- traffic route. Read More

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https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0424-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237024PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Aircraft noise and self-assessed mental health around a regional urban airport: a population based record linkage study.

Environ Health 2018 11 11;17(1):74. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

Centre for Public Health, Queen's University Belfast, Institute of Clinical Sciences - Block B, Royal Victoria Hospital, Grosvenor Road, Belfast, BT12 6BA, UK.

Background: Limited evidence suggests that residential exposure to aircraft noise negatively influences population mental health around large airports, but it is not known whether the same is true for smaller airports. We investigated whether residential exposure to aircraft noise near a regional urban airport was associated with risk of chronic self-assessed mental ill health.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 198,532 people aged 18 years and over living in Belfast, United Kingdom, enumerated at the 2011 Census. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0418-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230376PMC
November 2018

Associations between ambient air temperature, low birth weight and small for gestational age in term neonates in southern Israel.

Environ Health 2018 11 9;17(1):76. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of medicine, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: The increase in ambient temperatures (Ta) and emissions of greenhouse gases over the last century has focused attention on the effects of ambient temperatures on health outcomes. We aimed to investigate the association between Ta and the clinical measures of term low birth weight (tLBW) and small for gestational age (SGA) in singleton term infants using a decade of regional hospital data in southern Israel.

Methods: We linked all births in Soroka University Medical Center in the southern district of Israel insured by Clalit Health Services with pregnancy Ta estimated by our novel hybrid spatio-temporally resolved prediction model. Read More

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https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0420-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234799PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Modeled exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water and the occurrence of birth defects: a case-control study from Massachusetts and Rhode Island.

Environ Health 2018 11 6;17(1):75. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

University of California, Irvine, Program in Public Health, 653 East Peltason Drive, Irvine, CA, 92697, USA.

Background: Residents of Massachusetts and Rhode Island were exposed to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water from 1968 through the early 1990s when it leached from the vinyl lining of asbestos cement water distribution pipes. While occupational exposure to solvents during pregnancy has consistently been linked to an increased risk of certain birth defects, mixed results have been observed for environmental sources of exposure, including contaminated drinking water. The present case-control study was undertaken to examine further the association between prenatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water and the risk of central nervous system defects, oral clefts and hypospadias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0419-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219161PMC
November 2018
14 Reads
3.372 Impact Factor

Swimmer's itch in Canada: a look at the past and a survey of the present to plan for the future.

Environ Health 2018 10 25;17(1):73. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

School of Public Health, 357F South Academic Building, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2G7, Canada.

Background: Cercarial dermatitis, colloquially "swimmer's itch", is a rash contracted in natural bodies of water, when people are exposed to skin-penetrating, larval flatworm parasites of the family Schistosomatidae, that emerge from aquatic snails. Swimmer's itch is a globally-distributed, allergic condition, of which we know very little regarding local dynamics of transmission. This study aims to gather relevant information on swimmer's itch in Canada, from multiple perspectives, including the human experience, parasite and host presence and distributions, and insight from historical perspectives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0417-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6203143PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Does residential mobility during pregnancy induce exposure misclassification for air pollution?

Environ Health 2018 10 19;17(1):72. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Univ Rennes, EHESP, Inserm, Irset (Institut de recherche en santé, environnement et travail) - UMR_S 1085, F-35000, Rennes, France.

Background: Prenatal exposure to outdoor air pollution has been shown to have health effects in many studies; low birth weight, preterm delivery, small for gestational age, and stillbirth are the most often cited. However, exposure of pregnant women is difficult to quantify, especially with regard to their mobility, which is rarely taken into account in epidemiological studies. This study aimed to assess the impact of mobility of pregnant women living in Paris, France, on their exposure estimates to nitrogen dioxide (NO). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0416-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6194718PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Longitudinal associations of in utero and early life near-roadway air pollution with trajectories of childhood body mass index.

Environ Health 2018 09 14;17(1):64. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Division of Environmental Health, Keck School of Medicine, Southern California Environmental Health Sciences Center, University of Southern California, 2001 N. Soto Street, Los Angeles, CA, 90032, USA.

Background: Evidence suggests that childhood near-roadway air pollution (NRAP) exposures contribute to increased body mass index (BMI); however, effects of NRAP exposure during the vulnerable periods including in utero and first year of life have yet to be established. In this study, we examined whether exposure to elevated concentrations of NRAP during in utero and/or first year of life increase childhood BMI growth.

Methods: Participants in the Children's Health Study enrolled from 2002 to 2003 with annual visits over a four-year period and who changed residences before study entry were included (n = 2318). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0409-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137930PMC
September 2018

Correction to: Occupational exposure to organic solvents during pregnancy and childhood behavior: findings from the PELAGIE birth cohort (France, 2002-2013).

Environ Health 2018 09 4;17(1):71. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Epidemiological Research in Environment, Reproduction and Health, Univ Rennes, Inserm, EHESP, Irset-UMR_S 1085, 9, avenue du Prof. Léon Bernard, F-35000, Rennes, France.

Following publication of the original article [1], the author asked to replace Table 2 with the correct version. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0415-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6124016PMC
September 2018

Environmental pollution and social factors as contributors to preterm birth in Fresno County.

Environ Health 2018 08 29;17(1):70. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, 550 16th Street, Mail Stop 0132, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.

Background: Environmental pollution exposure during pregnancy has been identified as a risk factor for preterm birth. Most studies have evaluated exposures individually and in limited study populations.

Methods: We examined the associations between several environmental exposures, both individually and cumulatively, and risk of preterm birth in Fresno County, California. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0414-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6114053PMC
August 2018
10 Reads

Deepwater Horizon oil spill exposures and nonfatal myocardial infarction in the GuLF STUDY.

Environ Health 2018 08 25;17(1):69. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, DHHS, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.

Background: Workers involved in the response and clean-up of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill faced possible exposures to crude oil, burning oil, dispersants and other pollutants in addition to physical and emotional stress. These exposures may have increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) among oil spill workers.

Methods: Gulf Long-term Follow-up (GuLF) STUDY participants comprise individuals who either participated in the Deepwater Horizon response efforts or registered for safety training but were not hired. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0408-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109340PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Welding fume exposure is associated with inflammation: a global metabolomics profiling study.

Environ Health 2018 08 22;17(1):68. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Background: Increasing evidence suggests that welding fume exposure is associated with systemic inflammation. Although celluar metabolites may be associated with inflammation, there is limited information on metabolomic changes during welding fume exposure. Such changes may play an important role in the occurrence, development, and prevention of metal-associated diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0412-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106842PMC
August 2018
14 Reads

Statistical software for analyzing the health effects of multiple concurrent exposures via Bayesian kernel machine regression.

Environ Health 2018 08 20;17(1):67. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Estimating the health effects of multi-pollutant mixtures is of increasing interest in environmental epidemiology. Recently, a new approach for estimating the health effects of mixtures, Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR), has been developed. This method estimates the multivariable exposure-response function in a flexible and parsimonious way, conducts variable selection on the (potentially high-dimensional) vector of exposures, and allows for a grouped variable selection approach that can accommodate highly correlated exposures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0413-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6102907PMC
August 2018
13 Reads

The inter-annual variability of heat-related mortality in nine European cities (1990-2010).

Environ Health 2018 08 8;17(1):66. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Lazio Regional Health Service ASL Roma 1, Rome, Italy.

Background: The association between heat and daily mortality and its temporal variation are well known. However, few studies have analyzed the inter-annual variations in both the risk estimates and impacts of heat. The aim is to estimate inter-annual variations in the effect of heat for a fixed temperature range, on mortality in 9 European cities included in the PHASE (Public Health Adaptation Strategies to Extreme weather events) project for the period 1990-2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0411-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6083580PMC
August 2018
18 Reads

Exposure to volatile organic compounds and airway inflammation.

Environ Health 2018 08 7;17(1):65. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, Kangwon National University College of Medicine, Baengnyeong-ro 256, 200-722 Chuncheon-Si, Gangwon-Do, Chuncheon, South Korea.

Background: Exposure to low levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in ordinary life is suspected to be related to oxidative stress and decreased lung function. This study evaluated whether exposure to ambient VOCs in indoor air affects airway inflammation.

Methods: Thirty-four subjects from the hospital that had moved to a new building were enrolled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0410-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081941PMC
August 2018
14 Reads
3.372 Impact Factor

Delayed discovery, dissemination, and decisions on intervention in environmental health: a case study on immunotoxicity of perfluorinated alkylate substances.

Environ Health 2018 07 31;17(1):62. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Identification and characterization of environmental hazards that impact human health must rely on the best possible science to inform and inspire appropriate public health intervention. The perfluorinated alkylate substances (PFASs) are persistent emerging pollutants that are now being recognized as important human health hazards. Although the PFASs have been produced for over 60 years, academic research on environmental health aspects has appeared only in the most recent 10 years or so. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0405-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6066926PMC

Occupational exposure to organic solvents during pregnancy and childhood behavior: findings from the PELAGIE birth cohort (France, 2002-2013).

Environ Health 2018 07 27;17(1):63. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Epidemiological Research in Environment, Reproduction and Health, Univ Rennes, Inserm, EHESP, Irset-UMR_S 1085, 9, avenue du Prof. Léon Bernard, F-35000, Rennes, France.

Background: Numerous industries use organic solvents, and many workers from various occupational sectors are exposed to these known neurotoxicants, including pregnant women. Our objective is to explore whether occupational exposure of pregnant women to solvents may impair the neurodevelopment of their babies and consequently affect their behavior in childhood.

Methods: Within the French birth cohort PELAGIE, parents assessed their children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors using items from the Child Behavior Checklist and the Preschool Social Behavior Questionnaire at age 2, and the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire at age 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0406-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6062867PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Air pollution and airway resistance at age 8 years - the PIAMA birth cohort study.

Environ Health 2018 07 17;17(1):61. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80178, 3508TD, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Air pollution has been found to adversely affect children's lung function. Forced expiratory volume in 1 s and forced vital capacity from spirometry have been studied most frequently, but measurements of airway resistance may provide additional information. We assessed associations of long-term air pollution exposure with airway resistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0407-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6050657PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

The effect of ambient particle matters on hospital admissions for cardiac arrhythmia: a multi-city case-crossover study in China.

Environ Health 2018 07 16;17(1):60. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, No.38 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100191, China.

Background: The relationship between particle matters (PMs) and cardiac arrhythmia has been investigated in numerous studies. However, evidence from developing countries is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between ambient PMs and hospital admissions for cardiac arrhythmia in China and to examine the potential effect modifiers. Read More

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https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0404-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6048711PMC
July 2018
19 Reads

Changes in plasma levels of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are related to increase in carotid intima-media thickness over 10 years - a longitudinal study.

Environ Health 2018 07 3;17(1):59. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: It has previously been reported that the environmental contaminants perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are linked to atherosclerosis in cross-sectional studies. Since cross-sectional studies could be subject to reverse causation, the purpose of this study was to analyze if the longitudinal changes in PFASs during a 10-year follow-up were related to the change in carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT, ultrasound) during the same period.

Methods: In the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study, 1016 individuals were investigated at age 70; 826 of them were reinvestigated at age 75 and 602 at age 80 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0403-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029160PMC
July 2018
22 Reads

Modeled exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water and the risk of placenta-related stillbirths: a case-control study from Massachusetts and Rhode Island.

Environ Health 2018 07 3;17(1):58. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

University of California, Irvine, Program in Public Health, 653 East Peltason Drive, Irvine, CA, 92697, USA.

Background: Residents of Massachusetts and Rhode Island were exposed to tetrachloroethylene (PCE)-contaminated drinking water from 1968 through the early 1990s when the solvent was used to apply a vinyl liner to drinking water mains to address taste and odor problems. Few studies have examined the risk of fetal death among women exposed to solvent-contaminated drinking water. Two previous investigations found moderate increases in the risk of stillbirth among highly exposed women; however, these results were based on a small number of cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0402-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029409PMC
July 2018
8 Reads
3.372 Impact Factor

Overweight modifies the association between long-term ambient air pollution and prehypertension in Chinese adults: the 33 Communities Chinese Health Study.

Environ Health 2018 06 28;17(1):57. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health Risk Assessment; Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Environmental and Health risk Assessment; Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, People's Republic of China.

Background: Research regarding the interaction of ambient air pollution and overweight on prehypertension is scarce. We aimed to test whether overweight modifies the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and prehypertension in Chinese adults.

Methods: A total of 16,188 Chinese adults, aged 18-74 years old, from 33 communities in 3 Northeastern Chinese cities were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12940-018-0401-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6022431PMC
June 2018
4 Reads